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Marked THE become almost RECENT disclosures of tho .use of marked cards in gambling games liavo resulted in other revelations of far greator importance' than tho loss of qyen hundreds of thousands of dqllars to men who could afford-to. loso if.thoy could af- ford to play. Tliafono man is' reported; to havo pummelled' another, man and . . , " 0 ed him out of nn uptown rcsulencfl. into tho dawn of the' Now Year is df ' littlo interest except to tho 'Broadway gossips. Both of the men were well known along the Kialto. This list light after tiio cry of "crooked cards" is an incident im portant chiefly becauso "it is amusing. Even "big games"' matter .little except to. the members of thomasculino sowing cir cles organized in lounges of certain' popu lar hotels. What startles most is tho fact that there is a licensed business from which Uncle Sam collects toll, nnd which, while it may not have been tho original intention, teaches the young idea to cheat. 1 Is Legalized Industry. Tho manufacture of marked cards is n legalized 'industry and a thriving one. 60 thriving is it that ono firm alono sold nine thousand decks of theso "readers," as the marked cards are called, in New York city 'during the month of December at ono dollar a deck. True, theso cards are manufactured and sold for magicians, amateur and profes sional, and not for the use of card sharks. By tho samo token, pistols are sold for tho protection of home3 and not for uso of burglars. But there is no Sullivan law controlling tho ownership or possession of marked cards, Marked cards for legerdemain 'Capa purchased openly in novelty stores every where by persons of any age. Thatthese "readers" fall into tho hands o&wfss sional gamblers is not of Hany'lntereatjo tho manufacturer. Hqus:.aUCehso.1-to make the cards. That.foTttiries--are won nnd lost through the' misifs? of5eadeis'' is not tho.iault of tho 'meS'whp designed nnd copjTi'ghted these cards; They "irave to pay a revenue tax.pf'8 dents on-each dollar deck. .''..-' So tho whole blame, if tliero is any, should be placed on tho already over burdened shoulders of TJnclo Sam, who is. receiving revenue from a business which is in fact, tiveS if riot by intent, .jeopnr- dizing the morals of young -America. "n ti n 1 j Weill ailCiil Anuta. The following conversation in a small cigar storo uptown is an example of what tin; youth o this country is being taught: "Gimmo a deck- of readers." Tho speaker is a young man who has in his hand a clipping from a newspaper telling about tho recent gambling exposures. "What d'you mean readers?" A clerk, about nineteen years old, answers with the question and gazes innocently and yet Eeftrchingly at the prospective purchaser. "Aw, can that. You know what I mean. There's a bunch of saps down the hull this afternoon and they nin't wise." 'G'wan, they's all wiso to this stuff now, 'specially since the story's 'in tho papers. You can't uso the old cards any more, nnd besides we are all sold out since the other day when that story came out. Wo gotta get a new graft." ' "Aw, and these guys is soft." . This conservation may not be typical, but it is true to memory. From theso "boys it was learned that "no ono but boobs" play stud poker without baring a nnnnniT nnnir t r c invn lnifi run rr imn gii it was not surprising to find later that big games in which marked cards are used arc not at all uncommon. Was Magicians' Age. Tho question was where 'tho marked" cards como from, and the numo of Do Land being on the majority of the cards sold in tho novelty shops, this manufac turer, Theodore L. Do Land, was visited in Plainficld, N. .7. For twenty-fivo years Mr. Do Land has been making trick cards and other novelties for the use of magicians, both stago and parlor, nnd has been nn extensive advertiser of the fact and of his wares. "There's nothing I need to hide," he tnid when questioned about his business. "As a matter of fact there are many tilings I should like to divulge nut which I Cannot because tho reputations of cer tain big men might i suffer. "When I started making these things it was an oge of parlor entertainment," he said. "Tho earth was not breaking all )ho speed laws and neither wcro tha pco- Card Scandal Reveals Amazing Amount of Cheatin DAISY DE.1GN WHICH UA.fi too popular plo'of tho earth. We wanted money, but vro didn't battle for it tho same way as mcn do now. There had been, lor ex- ample, no attempt to form a burglary trust and mako breaking and entering a comparatively safe and profitablo busi . ness.. -'-It-was nn age when tho magician drew lnrBe cr0W(la to th'o tteatrcs. How many of. .them aro appearing successfully now ' $h number-'featured ten, fifteen nnd twenty vears ago', ime, thoso who aro showing-arc successful, be cause legerdemain always will delight the young and -thoso who. choose to stay young. ' "At first there was, only .affair demand for the marked cards. " As.-.a' matter of fact, iu tho rural districts, ploying .cards wero taboo in many homes. Steadily, however, I saw my business grow .until now .can't begin to fill tho orders I havo for 'readers' aloncV Whether it isihe-growing tendency of -3'outh to give thig.old world a little mora gas, "step on it" and the deuce with who or what is in tho way, or whether it is tho fact that young America is getting "wise'' instead of wisdom, could not bo answered by Mr. Do Laud. "Greed," he ventured. "And mostly, the joy jof cheating!" it was suggested. fl 4o.n't propose to go -into the psychol ogy of. tho thing," ho replied'. "All that .1 know is that orders are coming in from all over tho world, only n few countries excepted. Even in China my cards are being sold, an in New York city nlono during.' the mqnjh of December we sold 9,000 Jollar decks." "Prom tiiis statement one can understand tho-sorrow ofjthe embryo cheats in .the store -Uptown. -Tofr-tnnny were getting "wise," unless nLp:Uiese decks went to would-bo magicians f r 'jZK -u l j " - T Tax PajdtfieforehanoV "You understand thaYcvery one of theso" packs of marked cards is sold with tho distinct, understanding that it is to be used for legerdemain," said Mr. Do Land. "When the enrdsaro shipped from my place the revenue tax of 8 cents has been paid on each, deck and thero aro in cluded" printed instructions and a warn ing: 'This pack.of-cards is old to you for thsusolo purpose, pf uso for legitimate magical 'entertainment and under no con sideration is it to be used for gambling ' or dishonest purposes.' There, I contend, "my responsibility ends. "If natural born cheats or thoso who have learned to Iovo to cheat havo mis used my cards, all I can say i3 that pistols also havo been misused. "As an example of my intent to keep these things out of the hands of tho un scrupulous, let mo tell of the destruction of 'tho plate's from which wero printed what I believe wero tho most deadly play ing cards for the suro fire cheats. "Without a doubt I could havo mado a substantial fortuna out of the manufac ture of this ono deck alone. It was called Do Land's Wonder Cards and sold for fivo dollars a pack. I obtained tho copyright for these plates in 1915 in my own name. Tho marks wero on tho edges and could bo read without .detection. Soon after I put this deck on tho market it fell into tho hands of an Italian Black Hand gang in-southern Europe. "I learned that tlic cards had been pur chased Ifrom Hamlcy Brothers, Ltd., 35 New Oxford stre'et, W. C, London, and A. W. Jamage, Ltd., London. Theso wero the agents for my novelties in tho British metropolis. Such havoc was wrought with this deck at Monte Carlo and Baden Baden thnt I decided to tako it oil tho mnrkct. Its dangerous edgo reading sys tem mado it possible for card sharks to cut the deck at any card desired, even when the pack had been shuffled- For that reason I destroyed tho stock of '.tjonder cards' I had on hand and also had the plates melted. Gave Away First DecJ. "The plates were clcctrotyped by tho Welsh-Koyal Electrotype Co., Philadel phia. A man connected with this com pany, Adam M. Joyce, later superinten dent of the mint at Philadelphia, ar ranged with mo for tho work, for which 1 paid $S0. I presented to him tho first deck made. "While I realized it was my duty to tako tho 'wonder cards' off the market I did not feel it was up to'mo to destroy my business entirely by stopping- tho manufacture and sale of the dollar decki, the Illegitimate "Readers" Legalized UnderGuise of Trick Devices Maker's Own Story Shows Enormous Demand More . , Than 9,000 Packs Being Sold in December Alone which hnd.lieconio popular for 'parlor and stago entertainment everywhere. "From time' to time I had henrif "of gamblers using the cards, but I felt" that iny fre quent exposure of this practice wonld'be sufficient to protect thopublic oriitotpan of it which needed protcdtio'nT .1 coh-. tinned nnd still continue ic-'feelUmy cards with tho instructions and warnings, bo I felt that for my part t was not .respon- sible. ' Tho Gambleris. "Shiner , "And, as a:mattcr q f ac.tf$ tfoubt very much if D'o'Land cards have Veerr.nsed -lately by professional, gamblers; fortbo' " backs are becoming too widely known. My readers aro based on tho clock de sign. That is to say, I havo circular fig ures on the backs with dots arranged like tho hours- of a clock, or twelve spokes, as in n whcolor the -daisylesign wijh certain, pc aftmsingij Noainblor would jvcr thjnfclof using teasSaxu, although I know of ensps in tW-pwhere they were intiMed witlCTlCCESSCin certain bijr games' 'ln-AvashinglinCl. - "Jioro uimorjnns, to--inerEo.KKA PW-r , 0f,XrV-,nmh. 1, Him v i'y.HV ""-VS. w, "O"- certain disclosures regatding'-tfio-tricks of- the professional -gnmbreT ' "Of courso ,ni03t every one knows of the 'shiner,' the "ring gamblers sonietimer wear if they aro playing with the in experienced. This ring, which, is worn on tho little finger, has inserted in the palm sido a littlo mirror which reflects the index of tho bottom card. In many games in which tho cards are cut 'tho knowlcdgo thus obtained is valuablo to the dealer. -Tho publicity which has been given the 'shiner,' especially through be ing offered for sale in advertisements of novelty companies, has mado its uso rather dangerous. As a matter of fact all rings aro looked upon with suspicion nowadays in big games." Mr. Do Land was asked if tho statement is truo that all playing cards can bo read by those who know tho secret of tho designs. "If I did not understand the reason for that question I might bo inclined to smile," wa3 'the answer. "But I suppose the statement found circulation becauso of tho number of counterfeited cards in existence. "I would bo willing to tako oath, al most, that there never has been manufac tured by the recognized makers of play-, ing card3 ono crooked deck. However, I do know that probably every one of tho standard backs of playing cards has been counterfeited and doctored iu such a way as to make them perfect readers. These cards can bo obtained by thoso who know whero to go. "Angel Face" Cards. "As one can sec, these cards aro even more dangerous than mine. For example, a group of men are accustomed to playing stud poker. Tho stakes arc high enough to make a man risk cheating. Or there is ft member of tho party who just cheats becauso ho loves to cheat. We'll say for example that the statement has been mado at one of tho games when an effort has been mado to change tho cards: 'No, we'll stick to angel face cards; these aro stand ard backs and no ono will bo under sus picion. "A remark of this kind is usually made with n smile, but it meets with approval, and angel face cards, red and blue backs, nnd known everywhere, are always in tho game. "Now .1 know for a fact that angel face cards have been counterfeited nnd printed in, quantity. What is to hinder tho client in tho party of friends from obtaining several of theso decks, and in troducing them into tho ganioi" ' Mr. Do Land produced a connterfeit- sun, "Sunday, January Th lip In Ihn "rf.ilr" II t . rn.ril A . Jl . J "jtt". I I tmtr I hown here and copjrlrhted by Theodore Ij. Do land Is tho clock dial. For example, in tho Jack of spades tho vatno of tho card It shown t tho dotted cir cle. It will be noticed that one of tho. dot In a little larsrer than tho reit. Takln; tho numbers on Urn clock from the hour ono 11 i ct to see that this card is (&) to the hourtwelre (queen)- a jat'K ICJCYPIU. Now to tell tho eulti remember that the key is the compus, the north beinc diamonds, the cast (rlrht) clubs, the south hearts and tho nest spades. Ho if ono of the four compass dots In the centre spaco of the circle is larger than the others It tells the suit. Therefore this card is tho jack, of spades wcst). When none ot the dots In the circle is enlarted the card is o-klnr, Tho same system holds In other de signs, the compass points beln? tlio openings on the side of the circle arid the cord pointed by the petal misslnj from the daisy. The samo Is trun of tho trey of hearts, only iir this cam the dot mlHrnr from tho circle Is tho Value ot the cord and compass design is In tho centre. THE ONE of the FIRST THEODORE, ed deck of the angel faco cards. He also has a fair deck. Tho secret of tho read ers was in tho wings, and onco known was seen to bo easy to read. However, chances for detection wero about a million to one, the manufacturer contended. Many havo been tho storic3 about cards which havo been marked in such a way that thoso with sensitive fingers can read them by touch. Wo havo read many yarns about the experts who could "strip o deck," that is, separate certain cards by deft manipulation. Wo havo seen card manipulators on tho stago make tho little pasteboards appear and disappear, but what most of us did not know was that Uncle Sam is exacting toll from a busi ness that makes it possible for tho mer est child to becoino an expert gambler among his comrades. For tho world has quickened its pace, and tho boys of to-day arc not satisfied to play marbles "for keeps." Ono begins to wonder what our grandmothers would think of our children. . Tho present is tho day of the "suro thing" gambler, tho "sure thing" fighter and tho "suro thing" business man, was nn opinion offered by a man who knows his New York nnd his neighbors as a whole. "Ono never takes a chance nowadays if he's smart," this man, who has been a gambler all of his life, asserted. "It's truo there's ono born every minute, but instead of two to catch him tho lino forms to the right. Pursue tho New Rich. "A man makes a million dollars they say tho first million is the hardest to get and then you should sco tho rush of the sure thing army. They attack him from all sides, and howthcy do help themselves to his bank roll I And tho strange part of it is ho seems to liko it. He's a good sport nnd ho like3 to play for tho sako of playing. Thnt he loses ho takes ns a matter of course, as ho never boa had time to learn tho game. It really b -criminal r 25, 1920. 1 pMtt WOSWG DOT BACK of the LACTCn DE LAND pECKS r JWT1 s. DESIGNS PUT-.OUT U- DE LAND bu to 'take' a man liko that, becauso as a rulo he's a' Simon pure citizen who deserves better treatment. "But for tho other kind, tho man of wealth and, yes, position, who cheats not becauso ho needs tho money but because he was born crooked and likes it, tho gambler has no uso ot all. "I hold no brief" for tho so-called pro fessional gambler, but ho'3 a wholo lot bettor than tho rich man who cheats hi3 friends. If a man plays in what i3 known as a gambling houso gamo ha B'eauty A MAN was seated besido a swift mountain stream in tho Far West eating his luncheon. A bird note, like the tinklo of a silver bell, struck his ear. Ho was always interested in woodland music, so ho paused with a sandwich half way to his mouth, listened and watched for tho songster. The noto was ono that ho had never heard before. In(a few moments a. slato gray, dumpy bird about tho size of a robin, with 11 short, curved beak and nn upright, wren liko tail, alighted on a boulder in tho stream not far from where he sat. Tho bird was ihe American dip per or water ouzel. Now tho man had read of tho exquisite song of this bird, but had never beforo heard it. Tho littlo fellow threw up his head, poured forth his liquid clear, tin kling noto, tho very spirit of tho wild. Ho was presently joined by his mate, and the two sat upon tho rock nnd watched tho man. They wero quite tame, and they came to pick up the crumbs tossed to them. A few rods below tho stream ran about the foot of a basalt cliff. The feraalo dnshed across tho stream, alighted on a shelf of rock, nnd entered a tuft of moss that hung just nbovo tho water, so near that tho spray dashod ovar it. In a short time aho reappeared, apparejfjly sat 2 might expect to have to keep his eyes a littlo wider open than usual. But when men who aro friends and business asso ciates gather for play it should not bo necessary to look with suspicion upon any one of tho players around tho table. "However, it i3 ot thi3 kind of game that a cheat is able to play for a long whilo without being caught, for one is not inclined to suspect crooked play nrcong friends. Of course, when tho ex plosion come3 it finds wide publicity for the reason tho players usually arc of con siderable importance. Then for a whilo evjry 0110 takes a shot at gamblers and gambling, which I supposo is as it should be. But if they would only go after thu rich cheats, all sports, cards, races, base ball, yes, and everything upon which money can bo risked, would have a better following and longer life. "Why, I havo seen rich men fix races just for tho sako of putting something over, and I've seen them fix races for the satisfaction of knowing they couldn't lose. But theso men aro not gamblers. Men liko that cheat at solitaire. With that sort, cheating i3 an obsession. "The men of that kind wero tho boys we used to refuse to play with becauso they peeked through their fingers when thoy wero 'it' at hido-and-go-seck." Tho gambler was not far wrong, but tho troublo is that tho hido-and-go-seck ago of of the American isfied that tho man had not molested her domicile, end joined her mate. By look ing closely ho could seo a round opening among tho moss. Ho waded across tho stream on a voy age of discovery. Tho tuft of moss was a nest so cunningly devised nnd so adroitly hidden that it was well nigh invisible. Four milk whito eggs reposed on a soft, damp bed. The pair mado much ndo about tho man's intrusion, but ho left them in peace. The American dipper is ono of M10 most interesting nnd peculiar of all our native birds. Tho bird is shy and retiring. It frequents tho swift mountain streams of the Rocky Mountain region and never ap proaches human habitations. Only tho angler who penetrates tho unsettled moun tain regions is familiar with theso birds, and he knows of them only ns ho hcara their noisy clatter as they flit from rock to rock. ' Although tho dipper has no web feet It is nn expert swimmer, or rathe flier, be neath the water, for it seems to make use of its wings to move about in that clement. No matter how swift the current, the liltle chap tumbles in, pell-mell, nnd scrambles about on the bottom in search of food. One day this man surprised a half grown dippor Bitting on a rook In midstream where tho water poured down in a. tor- THEODORE DE LAND, MANUFACTURER, of 7?eADErcs"or thick cards, tho city 13 younger nnd shorter than it used to bo in tho country. Nowadays wo find tho boys matching pennies, then nickels, then dimes. Then they go through tho craps shooting ngc, during which somo "wiso" ono suddenly begins to win all tho money. Ho has found how to manipulnto "phonies" or loaded dice. Tho gamo gets too tamo for him, so ho branches out and looks for "saps" or "suckers" or "easy marks," or whatever ho chooses to call tho "boobs'' from whom ho is suro to win unless found out. A policeman who seems to tako a de light in breaking up alley game3 of craps was asked one day why ho didn't "let tho littlo fellows play." "They aren't really doing any harm," said tho interested by stander, who added, "I was a kid onco self." "Not doing any harm I" exclaimed tho guardian of the alley. "With ono of them in thero workin' a pair of loaded dico on tho littlo fellows who need every penny they make? Harm! I'll show them." And he did. Now the Poker Games. With the passing of the alley dico gamo comes tho poker game. Young America learns quickly, everything, tho good and the bad, and so it is natural ho should learn how to cheat. So in tho next stago wo find a quiet Sunday afternoon game in tho rooms of tho Blackbird Social and Athlctio Club. Tiie athletic equipment usually is a set of broken indinn clubs and the decoration a faded chromo of John L. Sullivan. The game stud poker is tho regular Sunday afternoon programme. Tho week's pay usually is tho atako of each player and frcezcout has the call. Which means that the play is to continue until one man has all the money. Is it any wonder that on n bright Sunday evening ono of tho members of the club finds himself in tho alley won dering what happened to him? Ho shakes himself back to earth, so to speak, and goea home. Ho has taken n beating; ho has been called a cheat and ho has been thrown out of tho club, but ho has a bank roll. That is tho main thing to a youth of his training. So he eccTcs now fields to conquer. It is but a step .from tho "social" club in sweater and cap to tho room of a fashionablo hotel with a dinner jacket for a front, a bank roll for an opening wedgo nnd an increasing number of new friends and playmates mado through judicious spending. Undo Sam might well considor himself fortunato that in tho games 'enjoyed" by I113 young sons tho cheats aro in the minority. But America is inquisitive nnd quick to learn. Dipper rent. Ho promptly plunged in and the man lost sight of him. Ho watched down stream, expecting to seo tho bird como to tho surface tossed about liko a chip; but ho did nothing of tho sort. After several minutes tho man occupied j tho rock ho had vacated and prepared to cast his flics into the foot of a considerable fall. Sitting demurely on a narrow shelf of rock was his bird. How ho managed to make his way there against the rushing water was a mystery. Ho seemed so much at home in tho water that tho man decided to try an experiment, lie chased the bird from hz percn and Into tho water ho went. In a few seconds the little creature was seen beneath tho fall, making his way across tho stream. Ho camo out on the opposite sido and scolded tho man for his impertinence. It is quite common to sco theso birds in winter, when tho streams aro partially frozen, feeding beneath tho ico. Thoy creep along the bottom, picking up insects, and are plainly visible through the clear ice nnd water. In scientific classification tho dipper occupies n position midway between the wrens nnd tho thrushes, and his name comes from hi3 peculiar habit of bowing or dipping gracefully when ho meota you. Ho has another most amusing habit that of winking in a roguish manner.