Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, SUNDAY, JANUARY 25, 1920.
''. Dwarf Indian Tribe Sumerian Tiles Tell OfLifein210C B.C. Revival of Adam and Eve Translation Draws Attention to Other Interesting Facts About Cultured Race -9 In Venezuela Wilds Explorer Tells of Strange People Who . Uve in Region of Eternal Fog and Get Drunk Once a Month ESPLORATOINS into hitherto un unknown forests of Venezuela by Theodore Do Booy of tho American Geographical Society and tho Museum of tho University of Pennsylvania fcavo brought to tho knowlcdgo of eth nologists a raco of dwarf Italians that livo in an eternal fog, far raoro impene trable than that of London, and whoso inombors get drunk regularly once a month. Mr. Do I3ooy also has located a treas ure eavo that will bo of eoual interest to tho archaeologist and to tho seeker of jjold, deep in a wilderness that not oven tho Indians will penetrate. In full sight of tho mountain at tho bnso of which tho cavo is located the ex plorer was forced to turn back becauso his Indian guides and carriers' refused to continuo tho journey. Ono of their rea sons was a lack of food, but tho principal objection apparently was a suporstitious fear of tho spirits of warriors buried in tho cave after a great battle told about in their traditions. Tho mountain is near tho border of Venezuela and Colombia. Cave Holds Treasures. "It is quito probable, almost certain, in fact," says Mr. Do Booy in a recent issuo of the museum Journal, "that this burial cavo contains archaeological treasures of tho highest value. Our archaeological re searches proved without a doubt that the cutiro region had at ono time been in habited by tho Arhuocos, a tribo of which a small remnant still lives in the Sierra Nevada of Santa Marta. Tho Motiloues, which includes tho Macoas, were evidently comparative newcomers to the region and had either driven out the Arhuacos or had killed them off, probably only a short while beforo the Conquest. Researches by other archaeologists havo proven that a similar occurence took place in tho Goajira Peninsula directly to tha .north ward, and that tbo Gxmjiras superseded the Arhuacos in this latter region. "Tho burial cave, therefore, probably contains Arhuacan specimens, and as tho Arhuacans were excellent workers in gold and had quantities of gold ornaments it will be. seen that tho clmnce3 of this cavo containing gold ornaments as well ns burial objects of other kinds nro very good. Two days beforo coming within eight of the peak in which tho, cave was' to bo found, the,' Indians bad shawn me certain regions where evidence could still be seen of former clearings. Theso clear ings were of considerable age and wero only distinguished from tho surrounding woods by tho fact that the trec3 were not quite as largo and (ho undergrowth of lesser density." Mr. TJe Booy landed at Maracaibound spent two days on horseback crossing the plain to La Horqucta, one of tho last outposts of civilization in Venezuela. Ho had to pass part of this time over a nar row and gloomy trail through n wilder ness abounding with .tigers, jaguara, wild cats, monkeys and deer.Beyond this for est is a great plain and back of that the mountains with their heads lost in the fog. "Whilo the altitudo of theso moun tains is not sufficiently high to make them enow covered," gays tho explorer, "tho fog and mists at times would almost make American Paris, Jan. 10, TRANCE has jnst missed being taken ; 1 by tho enemy in feat of arm3, but by Jove she is being pcace- fully invuded by foreign business men in a way that would alarm any other nationality but tho French. They do not seem to care, tho moro tho merrier, so long as any human being or . combination of beings have something good to .offer. And in the matter of ' films tho Americans have tho centro of ' tho stage, tho Parisians themselves say so. American films occupy moro than ono half of every programme at every cinema palace in the French capital, and every where one hears nothing hut praiso of ! them. It took tho American films to educato the French into tho belief that movie shows nro not the vulgar and uninteresting thing they first conceived and that a first class actor or actress might act for a cinema piny without falling into dis grace and .becoming wholly diclasse (unclassed). So much for our educational ; lystem. Americans Spend Money.' "The Americans are not afraid to spend money in order to procure perfectly acted films," that is what tho French profes sional people say. While the French firms, they say it themselves, nro so afraid to havo 20 francs' worth of. film spoiled 1 they hurry the artists through their roles . and aro not willing to have an imperfect scene acted over again for fear of the extra expense. Also, they criticise them salves und their own. French actors and actresses overdo their parts, so thoy say, they niako grimaces and go into all sorts of extraordinary contortions, under tho impression that they mu3t exnggerato ono think that tho summits wero covered with snow." In the days of tho Conquisladores La Villa, a littlo town along tho routo to La Horqucta, was tho storting point for raid ing expeditions into tho Indian territory to tho south of tho Rio NegrQ, Tho town is filled with ruined foundations of houses and a quaint old church etill stnnds. It is said to bo tho oldest in that part of tho country. Nino hours' travel through tho jungle from La Horqucta Do Rooy came to tlin settlement of Macliiques, outside of which bo found members of the Tucucus Indians, who cbrac down to the mountains to work occasionally in exchange for hoop iron, cutlasses, beads, iron'' cooking pots and axes. "The Tucucus aro a very shy race," the explorer observes, "and only canie when they were in need of ironmongery. "The researches of this expedition proved that the Tucucus, the Irapcnos, the Pariris, tho Macoas, the Rio Negro and the Rio Yasa Indians all belong to tho great Motilono family. The various sub- i- 41 c nr. !.... it 1 1 i "1 of which they frequent. For many cen-' turics tho Montiloncs have proved to bo a mystery and the" information we have of them, in ancient and contemporary litera ture, is very s.cant and for tho greater part untrustworthy. . "They aro to-day regarded with great dread by the Venezuelans, who aro unwill- ing to penctratf"int6 their mountain re treats, a fact which" 'is perhaps not to bo wondered at wben'one considers tho sav age reputation, that was given to tho In dians by the early settlers. Perhaps the clearest proof -of this' fear can be found in the mention of ,the Motilones by A. Ernst, who states: " 'Tho-Motiloncs arc an almost unknown tribe, which, sinco the time of tho Con quest, havo remained in n completely sav age state, living on the humid mountain slopes of tho frontier between Venezuela Films Take "Disregard for Expense and Superiority of Screen Drama Give Yankees Great Advantage Over French Producers because of the absence of speaking parts. That i3 their mistako and causes their downfall and their ruin. Another thing. Up to very recently such namby-pamby plays were chosen that they wero nauseating to tho intelli gent public, being only fit to amuse school children and their governesses. It is true that for a loug timo only American films showing all sorts of horse-play and low comedy acts wero turned in tho Paris cinemas. But now that the good films arq boing produced, films that cost money, those with a purpose, and those showing some of our magnificent scenery, tho fame of the American film is growing from day to day. The home production on tho con trary has fallen so into disgraco, not only for its mechanical defects, but for its pur pose as well, that the big film companies aro beginning to realizo they will havo to "get a movo on," or else sink down to oblivion and tho disaster consequent. Not content with sending their films broadcast all over Europe, tho American movio companies havo now descended upon tho country cn masse. They say thoy havo filmed all tho scenery thero is to film in America, and they aro at their wits' ends for hew subjects as well as for new scenery. S here they are, as Paris is unquestionably the intellectual as well as the geographical centro of this world's activities, moro so than over iinco the war. If a man wants to see anothor on no mat ter what kind of business ho has only to come to Paris and sit down at a cafe, and ho will surely sco his man go by sooner or late-. and Colombia. There are no means to make them givo up tho life of savage thieves to which they aro accustomed. No ono has, up to tho present time, seen tho plantations of the Montiloncs, or known with certainty if they have any fixed abode. Lopez on his map of Venezuela, Madrid, 1787, adds to their names the no tice "tho worst Indians that exist," which even in our days is' tho current opinion of the inhabitants of tho neighboring re gions.' " Tucucu, runners were sent out to re fluest.ifornDo Booy; the .privilege of visit ing tho -Macoas. , Most of the Tucucus thought he was crazy and predicted that "ho would, never rpturn, but finnlly tho permission was obtained. Carrying only a camera, an aneroid barometer and a compass, and finding even that very much of a load, Do Booy spent two days climb ing up and down nn almost invisible mountain trail, with eight Tucucus carry ing his baggage. At tho end of the first day of travel ho ran into tho fog country. "Practically every' day the mists roll down tho mountains at about midday," bo says, "and one spends tho balance of the day in nn enveloping fog which makes one forget that the equator is but ten de grees distant." Weather was so cold that at night the explorer was foijccd to use two blankets. Describing the settlements " of the Macoas, he says : "No two huts arc found in cjoso prox anity. In fact, these Indians appear to the Parisian This is tho gist of a conversation heard between two film men here the other day. They hail from California (the Universal Film Company, Universal City). "Wo havo been in Berlin," they said, "to Buda pest and to Vienna, and what do you think; tho very men wo wero looking for wero right here in Paris allelic time, and wo had to go to Germany and Austria to find it out. 'Talk about stalking gamel When it is a quostiori'of unearthing a man, men of talent nnd reputation, you may trust tho American every time. Ho hn3 a noso for news and tho unerring instinct for h "good thing" that is not equalled by thoso of any other nationality, and he has also what Talleyrand recommended audace, de I'audacc, et encore dc I'audacef Cheek, we call it. Ho will ask a pope or a king to do a stunt for his film as easily as he would ask a beggar to poso before bis implacablo camera. Californians Make a Hit. Theso California men havo hit the hulls eye several times already sinco their ar rival in Puria. Thero are two of them, tho business manager and tho artistic di rector, and between them pretty much everything ' is gamo that comes within reacfi of their dragnet. While tho busi ness manager corrals n Paris film con- earn and sells him a few dozen films, or rushes off to Brussels whero ho performs ditto, the artistic director, who speaks fivo languages as to tho manner horn, has landed Bricuxuthe sons of Leon Tolstoy, Anatolo France, the son of Sardou, tho son of Jules Verne, r lammarion, tho take pleasuro in living as far removed from each other as possible, which may bo duo to tho eternal lights they wage among themselves. Each hut is on a geparato hilltop, so that whilo the entiro villago is 'ithin hailing distance, it often takes as much as half an hour to go from ono nbodo to another, uy first descend ing ono slopo and then ascending tho other. Their clearings and plantations, on which they grow yucca, sweet pota toes, corn, bananas, plantains and yams, aro also far removed from their huts, so that it frequently takes a man tho half of n day almost to walk to his farm. Why this is so, when tho hill slopes di rectly underneath the Indian's nbodo ore just as well adapted to agricultural pur poses, I cannot state, and inquiries failed, to givo a logical explanation." Offered All the Booty. In a long stay 'with this tribc.-'during 'which ho studied their manners, customs and language, Do Booy's chief difficulty was in avoiding tho invitation of tho chief to join in an expedition against the Rio Negro .Indians. The Mncoa chief of fered to givo him all tho booty taken in tho shape of bows and arrows. The Ma coas really arc a race of dwarfs, thp av erage height of the men being five feet one" inch, and that of tho women four feet eight inches. The first thing they did for Do Booy, who is more than six "feet tall, was to build him a hut about four times as large as their own. Do Booy found the Indians so curious and 60 persistent that he had to ask the chief to build a stockado to "keep out tho children," In this he did his photographic work. The natives had never beforo seen a white man of light complexion nnd Do Booy wns a constant source of wonder to them. In spite of their warlike tenden cies ho wns never in danger except at tho second "Chica feast," concerning which ho says : "Perhaps one of the most interesting customs of tho Macoas is tho Chica feast. They indulge in this feast almost every month when tho moon is full, and it was my good fortuuo to attend one of these feasts and my bad fortune to attend a sec ond one afterward. Tho first prepara tion of tho feast is the blowing of conch shells. This is done with great persever ance and monotony for an entiro after noon. That samo night the wife of the giver of the feast grinds the maize from' which tho chica is propnrcd. "Tho following morning tho crushed Movie Fans world renowned astronomer, to say noth ing of half a dozen of the most noted French actresses and actors, and now all these aro working liko beavers for tho Universal Film Company, nnd it would notho astonishing if between now and next summer these managers chartered a ship and carried off tho whole brains of Franco to Universal City, California. Writers Are in Demand. Nor is this all. American writers and artists of talent over hero are not being overlooked, and thero arc a number. Mrs. John Van Vorst, in private lifo Mrs. Huguo Lo Roux, is working on something mysterious. Mrs. Anna Bowman Dodd, who has just escaped to New York to look after the proofs of her new book, "Up the Scino to the Battle Fields"(Harper's), was seduced beforo leaving into consider ing a proposition for her book "On the Knees of the Gods," a book on'heroie Greece. Whether theso men finally suc ceeded in invading the sanctum of Mrs. Edith Wharton in Rue de Vnrenncs thoy would neither affirm nor deny. K man never likes to admit that he has been beaten, even once. Eugene Brieux, the famous perpetrator of "La Fcmmo Seule" (Woman Alono) nnd other similar "outrages," is said to bo surpassing himself. He has cot his play, "Les Amcricains chcz Nous" (The Americans in France), under way, and now ho is filming a scenario for these two California sleuths, who simply stood guard on his door stop with drawn revolvers, so to speak, until on'tho tempta- turn of the dollars he he too succumbed. maize is tied up in small bundles, envel oped in leaves and cooked for about an hour. Tho inuizc pellets arc then laid in tho sun to dry, after tho wrapping has been removed, und they dcvcldp a cover ing, of fungi through partial fermentation. The' day previous to tho feast theso pellets are placed in a hollowed out log, with crushed ripo bananas and crushed sweet fiotatocs. Water is poured on this mix uro and fermentation commences imme Drink Four Hours. "Tho following day, amid frantic blow - ing of conch shells, tho feast commences. At first, tho merry making is mild. Some monotonous singing takes place, but. the participants pny moro attention to the imbibing of the liquor than to tho dancing and tho singing. After drinking for about four hours, the Indians generally become quarrelsomo and' want to fight among themselves. It is a point of etiquette among tho Macoas to finish tho entire brew of chica and by dawn one would see tho few members of tho tribo that were still nblo to walk making a weary attempt to empty tho wooden troughs. "The second chica feast which I wit nessed proved to be a tritle more thrilling " than tho first. Two of the Indians had harbored a grudgo against their wives and declared at tho outset that they were going to kill them. As the Macoas hnd not yet imbibed enough chica to make fiein unreasonable, I interfered and ar gued witbdhoomon, telling them that there were buE'fcw women in the tribe and tliat thero would he a serious shortage if they killed tho two. My arguments finnlly pre vailed. "Shortly after this, two youths began a fight with their bows, used as a quarter staff, and succeeded in giving each other several gashes. Somo of the Indians, by now. very much excited, brought up the subject of a fight at the previous feast when two brothers attempted to kill their brother,' the chief. Somo time beforo tho fight I had been doctoring the chief, a fee ble old man, for dyspepsia and had suc ceeded in improving his condition. Tho Macoas now claimed that it was duo to this improvement that the chief had be come belligerent and had started the fight with his two brothers, as previous to my coming he had always been con tent to allow his brothers to have their way. I had littlo difficulty in persuading them that I really had no part in the quarrel." by Storm No, that is not quite fair to say of Brieux. Ho may think of the dollars, to be sure, but he dearly loves these problem plays and things for the uplifting of humanity, and ho has gone mad with en thusiasm over this ' scenario for. the American film company. It is to bo something magnificent, nnd will entail a visit to Greece, and incidentally n com pany of French players is being specially engaged for this utoplnn dream, what ever it is. Nothing is being overlooked, nud n jury is being formed with Sarah Bernhardt as chief to select the actors and actresses best suited lo the, various roles. Theso aro to bo used over here, and naturally will find their way to California, to Universal City, later on. A number of other companies aro already in active, operation for this gigantic concern in , other parts of tho country, notably in Italy and in Hungaria. Whew I Daly at Work Already. , Arnold Daly, tho Beau Brumrael of New York I believe, is actively at work "educating" a French film company up to American ways out in tho suburbs of Paris somewhere. Mr. Daly is doing "When Wo Love," a film by Pierre Dc-' coursellcs, in ten instalments, and ho expects this to go big in America. Inci dentally he is perfectly crazy about Minn, Desclos-Guitry's "play," the play of course, but Cupid is standing out there near his place behind n tree, his fat sides shaking with laughter, and lie has not nn nrrow left in his quiver. They nro all in Mr. Daly's breast. "L'Hcuro Exquisc," it is a taking title, nnd "When Wo Love" is nnothcr. Mr. Dnly would liko to re place the French artist in "L'Hcuro Ex- quise" in tho New York production, if Mme. Guitry gets away from Madrid and as far as America with it. ttt3EN Stophen Herbert Langdon, W M. A., B. D., Ph. D., succeeded Dr A. II. Sayco in tho, chair of As- syriology at Oxford his appointment wns considered to bo a recognition of American scholarship. Prof. Langdon was born at Monroe, Mich., on May 8, 1870, studied at tho Monroe public school, was graduated as B. A. nt Michigan Uni vcrsityjn 1808, and as M. A. n year later. Other titles camo to him, such as B. D. from tho Union ' Theological Seminary of New York city, 1003, and Ph. D. in 1004 from Columbia University. Ho ns suracd his duties at Oxford in 1D08. Four years wero occupied by him whilo in chargo of tho Babylonian section of tho University of Pennsylvania in trans lating the Sumerian tablets discovered in excavations near Nippur in ancient Baby Ionia. The first of these held tho "Epic of Paradise, the story of tlio Flood and tho Full of Man," tho second comprised the Sumerian liturgical texts, No. 3 is the "Epic of Gilgamish," a sort of Semitic Siegfried, and tho fourth, just translated, covers tho liturgies and psalms of that ancient people. Whilo most of tiio 30, 000 tablets which form tho -magnificent collection of tho Pennsylvania University date from nbout 2,100 years before Christ, certain of them go back to 4,000 years beforo Christ. Except that thoy wero a subject people of tho Babylonian kings, nothing -historical is knoyn of the Sumcrians, or of their' origin, or of the event which car ried them to Nippur. Tho Babylonian ' was a Semitic race, tho Sumerian wasn't, nnd tho doctors do not know how to class tho race. "Jt reveals in tho tablets a very high degrco of culture. "Ttericw'cd 'interest in tho 'tablets came last week in "stories printed in tho news columns concerning Uie story of Adam and Eve nnd tho Garden of Eden. The exoneration of Eve from blame in the tablet story stirred much comment, though a translation of this feature was made public several years ago. Tho jSumerian "Epic of Paradise" tells of the creation of man by n woman deity out St clay, perhaps the very clay of the tablets. The existence of Paradise with the first man to enjoy it was a lonely one, as no helpmeet was made for him. In other words there was no Eve until after tho fall. Ziugiddu, who seems to correspond to the Biblical Noah, was saved from the Hood by his feminine creator, and after tilt- recession of the waters ho was given another chance in Paradise. lie couldn't behave himself, ato of the fruit of the forbidden tree and was expelled from Eden. Later, when he went to work, a wife wns supplied hiin. If this was Evs she was utterly without blemish in her character. Might Have Lived Long. If Noah had not transgressed the law nnd eaten of the cassia treo (in this legend the tree of life), he would have livd 50,000 years like his ancestors. The story nf the tablet of Paradise is told much like Genesis in form and might bo described as a hymn. Ninelln, wife of Enki, first mado a man whom she placed in Paradise, hero called Dilmun, on th'! east coast of the Arabian Gulf, about a hundred miles from the mouth of the Tigris-Euphrates system. A mistaken idea seems to be the pre vailing one about theso treasures of tho Pennsylvania' University by tho persons wl o have only read of them. They think the tablets arc sizable affairs. In fact, they arc very small, most of them being about 3 by 4 inches, while there are a few 5 by 7. It is not tho least wonder nbout them that so much luis been crowded on these small surfaces by the antique gravers. A tablet 5 by 7 inches holds tho legends of tho creation, tho fall, the flood and the saving of Noah and his family, who were to multiply into n new world. Other tablets, no larger, hold even moro writing when tho liturgical hymns and religious customs were tho subject. Certain tablets havo suffered terribly at tho teeth of time, and many were broken and parts lost in tho process of excavation. There is accordingly n lack of continuity about many, and in the case of tho liturgical codo of Hammurabi, King of Babylon about 2000 B. C, part of tho origial record was cut away by the conquerora of that king, who then added the acccount of their own triumph. This is n big stono nine feet or so in height, of dioritc a mctamorphic rock. Eliminating obvious legendary lore and the lies that arc poetic in most histories, tlu tablets on view at tho Pennsylvania University under Curator George Byron Gordon, Ph. D., provides a history of tho human race as it existed in this valley to 1400 B. C. Tho later tablets wero discovered forty years after tho Baby lonian tablets, and it i3 theso which Prof. Langdon has added to our curious store. Whoever the Sumcriaii3 were, in religious matters they had a great influence, Ret ting an example of form of worship, prayer and song that influenced even the Jews, and is said to ho the beginning of ovcry antique form of worship. Interesting ns Jheso records of religious ceremony arc, thty nro surpassed in vital interest by tho accounts of everyday lifo ns it was lived thus anciently in the Euphrates volley. Thero is hardly a small item of tho daily life of theso pcoplo that isn't pictured on theso tablets. And thoy show all sorts of writing of the Sumerian characters, from tho incomplete or badly formed to tho highest art, which gives a rescmblanco of a jowcllcd deco ration to tho tablet on which a master worked. At this period thero wus n, mall ser vice and in tho collection are a nifmber of intimato letters, somo of them love letters, others dunning letters, and still others that aro orders for food supplies and giods sent to merchants. The letters, although written on soft yellow stone, wero placed in a stono envelope, so thin as to bo almost, but not quite, transparent nnd attached to tho missive was a postage stamp which resembled a hickorynut in size nnd shape. Ono of these letters is from a young man to his sweetheart up braiding l(cr for not writing to him, nnd adding: "If I am no longer in control of you pleaso send back the money I advanced to you nnd wo will cnll it off." ' Tho money that this provident lover sought to recover amounted, so it was said, to $2. Inns at this epoch wero conducted by women of a certain class and theso women wero frequently hauled up beforo magistrates on tho complaint of trav ellers. So it seems that Dame Quickly existed as a typo ages beforo Shako-spenre. Also Used in Schools. The same littlo soft stone tablets wero used as slates in tho schools, nnd the col lection shows a number of theso where the pupils were of various grades of cul ture. On ono half of tho tablet tho teacher set her copy of verses or an arith metical problem, and on the other hnlf the pupil did his lesson. Ono of theso school tnblets exhibits tho mark of tho Scholar's thumb, lines on the skin, &c, whero ho had rubbed out his work. There are wedding contracts galore in which tho brido gives nn exhaustive inven tory of her jewels, dresses, silver, vessels, slaves, &c. Tho "Specification is mado that if her husband repudiates her after the wedding she is to havo all her goods back and he in addition is to pay her alimony. One young person who married a son of a priest pf tho Goddess Ishbnr demanded a guarantee of her future from the father-in-law as well as her spouse to be. The inhabitants of the town of Scppar memorialized a King of Babylon about their taxes, claiming that theso were so heavy that they could not livo and pay them. Various suits at law aro preserved in tho same way, ono being a petition of a group of persona that a certain city should not bo permitted to cut a highway through their property. This suit was carried to the Supremo Court and decided in favor of the town. On one tablet is the advertisement of a purse of money which had been found by an honest man in tho year 2000 B. C. Maps of various kinds nnd sizes showing the location of roads, wells and canals are common. These were for the convenience of trade, which was of course entirely car ried on by caravan. And when n cara vaneer lost the goods consigned to him by no fnult of his own, although this loss may havo thrown him into bankruptcy, there was a law almost precisely like the one in use to-day to declare him free of these debts. If on the other hand it was proved that he had stolen or by negligence lost his consignors' goods, then he was sold as a slave. The Sumerian language wns a real lan guage, nnd in tho records are tablets ex planatory of vowels and consonants, tables of weights and measures, &c. There' is a book dealing entirely with tho verb, nnd another whoso subject matter is tho prep osition. Prayer books and hymn books aro nlmost one-half of the collection. Many Libraries Existed. It may surpriso some people to learn that in Mesopotamia in that far off time there existed libraries liko the Carnegie Libraries, that is in point of number. For every quarter of a city there appears to havo been a library and there wero numerous circulating libraries. Lists of books nro given that wero loaned nnd had to bo returned with tho payment of a small fee. If these books wero kept out over a certain specified timo then tho borrower must pay n fine. Ono such list is dated 2400 B. C. I An inheritance law, probably tho oldest t in tho history of tho world, is clearly ghen. It shows thnt the child who re nounces his sonship nnd takes his sharo is legally separated by his parents nnd hns no further claim upon them. Strict laws were passed in regard to orphans nud their adoption. In his introduction to the volumes re ferred to, Dr. Langdon said: "Wo aro on safe ground in assuming that tho sages who wrote our epics of the fall of man knew of tho deeply rooted tradition in Babylonia. This was that man by a sin had brought on himself tlio grentct catastrophe, tho loss of lonr life. I believe thnt the priestly scribe who told the narrative in Hebrew pursued hU investigation beyond Semitic poems of Babylonia, rehearsed by tho Canajnitcs beforo tho Hebrew captivity."