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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, January 31, 1920, Image 1

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Fair and colder to-day, with strong
'northwest winds; to-morrow fair.-
Hfchest temperature yesterday, 4a: lowest. 22,
uciauca weiintr rouorn on euiiorut pire,
Copeland Calls for Inquiry
Into ActioiV of National
Casket Company.
K ,
Total of Cases 6,383, About
1,000 More Than on
. . . 4 Day Previous.
i 3UMP TO 2G2
Archbishop Hayes Issues Ap
peal to Catholic Laity
Crest Not Benched.
Thero was another Jump yesterday
In the number of influenza and pneu
monia cases reported to tho Depart
ment o Health. Tho total was 6,333,
about 1,000 more than the day before.
Deaths from, both diseases ' Increased
to 262, setting a new high, mark for
thp current epidemic. A comparison
f ith tho 1918 figures' shows tho mor
) AUty this year Is much lower. On tho
Corresponding day a year ago (October
11, 1918) 393 persons died; on Octo-
ber i'0, 1918, tho peak of the former ln
! vaslon, there were 820 fatalities.
Health Comrplssloner Copeland said
lest night that reports he had received
' (during ,the day were reassuring, and-
ho predicted a decided drop for the
twentv-four hours cndlnr at 10 o'clock
this morning. He dues not think the
crest of tho epidemic has been reached,
however. It may be several days be
fore the turning point is passed.
Simultaneously with the rise In the
rlty'a death ratn the National Casket
Company of Long Island City has noti
fied undertakers that the price of coffins
Is to advance again. Dr. Copeland said
he could not see any excuse for another
lncrcaso at this time and he has asked
the Federal authorities to find out If
there Is any profiteering being done.
Dr. Copeland 'Mad Clean Through'
This Is the card the company sent out
yesterday :
'To the 'trade: Because of the sharp
rise in tho price of lumber of all grades
entering into tho manufacture of caskets
and the Increase In cost and shortage
of textiles, both cotton .and a Ilk. we are
compelled again to announce an advance
in prices.
"All prices are this day withdrawn.
A new price list Is now in the hands
of the printer and will be forwarded to
you in a few days.
"National Casket Company."
"This makes me mad clear through,"
Dr. Copeland said after reading the
above note to the newspapermen. lie
then dictated the following statement :
'T am Very much grieved to have
placed in my hands an announcement
ftom the National Casket Company that
there will be an Increase in the price of
caskets. It seems- to me there is no ex
cuse for a raise In price and I shall turn
tho matter over to the Federal author
Hies for investigation, because It has
been reported to mo by undertakers that
they have been assured caskets would
be cheaper and It Is commonly believed:
all the commodities used in the manu
facture of caskets reached the peak long
Still Short of Nurses.
Commenting on the situation gener
ally the commissioner said that with tho
exception of the nurse shortage every
thing was satisfactory. The Health De
partment had U7 calls for nurses yes
terday, but could only supply 62. Sixty
one netv nurses reported.
Tho emergency training class for
nurses, by means of which the depart
ment expects to equip women for prac
tical service curing the epidemic, will ,be
opened next Monday- afternoon at 9-.m
o'clock at Health Department headquqr-! Novefnber 20 at tile culmination of the
ters, 505 Pearl street. Those who wish J bull Inarket of which Latrobe had' been
fo register for this course may apply at' heavily short and which had wiped out
the office of Miss Webster, In charge, on (almost every cent of the $750,000 sent
fl the ninth floor of the Health Department him. John Qlosclo of Los Angoles had
buildlrg, between the. hours of 2 and 4 ! purchased 1,000 shares of Cresson Gold
this afternoon and between the hours o'
9 and 11 o'clock Monday morning.
A fhreo hobrs course of instruction
under Health Department doctors,
tMimfft nnH rllpfltlnna will Ha jrlvan nu
. " . . ..... wu CH.UIHM VH4.W,...U, UVVVIUtl, IV. il.VEIIVI
day. The course for each class will list TStevj", were "stalled" by a statement at
. Ann Wntr fill1 n. ttiA .ml A, ,t.n, . I . I T nl.ntl.'a nftfrtA .lint -..na. . ,.. n .1
' ."V " w " v ..u u.iu vl b,it.i lllllv :-).uu . mm ,10 naa nut 111, aim
i those who evidence the necessary adapt-r that he was handling each account per
1 ability will be assigned to cases, to work i sonally and would straighten It out when
under tho direction of physicians, at the I he recovered from on Illness from which
rate of $4 a day. None will be Dald dur
ing the training course nor will any
charge be made for the training.
Commissioner Copeland reported 1,722
Influenza and pneumonia patients In tho
hospitals of Manhattan and The Bronx.
There are still plenty of beds available ;
If necessary the city can take care of
15,000 cases.
Distribution of the Afflicted.
Tho hospitals having the largest num
ber of cases are: Bellovuo 418, St.
Trancls 102, Presbyterian 96, Lincoln
85, Fordham 86, Harlem 83, New York
85, Metropolitan (Blqckwell'a Island)
85, St. Vincent's 82, Gouverneur 67. SL
Luke's 05, City (Blackwell's Island) 57,
Columbus 51. Roosevelt 60, St. Lawrence
47. Lenox Hill 46, Lebanon 35, Mount i
Sinai 33, Post-Oraduate 32, Beth Israel
28, French 27, St. Mark's 24 and Peo
pies 20.
Dr. Copeland arranged to tako over
tne JKaufman Hospital, Lexington ave
nue and Fifty-eighth ntreet, yesterday
r. a homo for well children of stricken
"illles. This hospital was formerly
Ln'a n' hLl IS.: "r" 3 D-.uAma.n.''thls week of King Albert and President
Il-henlx Bank " ha not be n used & K,Ch, " "d Premlers
ice the last Influenza epidemic. Mrs. . Mlllcran'1 an? Delacroix that "the ques
tman readily consented to place It l!on " ,' alliance between
it tho City's disposal. It haa about 100 BeWum anJ Jrantl! was discussed, also
beds i questions of finance. But on these two
A 'call for whiskey and alcohol tasi1?0'"18 the Government will have to
been made by the private hospitals, the ' deliberate further before public opinion
S00 gallons recently purchased by tho ' can be acquainted with definite pro-
city oeinsr tor nuouc nosDltals on v. ,
Commissioner Copeland has taken the
tastier tip with the Washington authori
ties and has asked that the red tape be
cat for tho emergency.
Tho schools show -Scarcely any un
usual absences'. Health officers have
?en Investigating all cases, and very
itw aro due to Influenza, Some children
y "itinutd on Seventh Page.
Woman Labor Leader
Named for Parliament
LONDON, Jan. 30. Miss Mar
garet BondAcld, secretary of
the Nationnl Federation of Wo
men Workers, who was a mem
ber of the British delegation to
tho Labor Congress at Washing
ton, has been adopted as tho
Parliamentary candidate of the
Laboritcs for the seat for.
Names of 1,200 Who. Lost
$750,000 "Invested" With
Latrobe- to Bo Auctioned.
Attachment Issued for Man
Who Dropped All in Going
Short in Bull Market.
Thoso doctors, lawyers, preachers,
school teachers, letter carriers, fire
men, officers of small banks, soldiers,
sailors, widows and orphans who live
iff virtually every Stato of the Union,
and who sent a total of $750,000 to
Laurason Raymond Latrobe, 111 Broad
way, under the delusion that they were
investing In stocks, may be Interested
in tho no,wi that their names aro to be
put on tho block and sold to the high-,
est bidder on February 6. They rep
resent what Wall Street vulgarly calls
Latrobe's "sucker list." This "sucker
list" represents about the only asset
tho receiver and his lawyers have been
alio to find among Latrobe's effects
that could be listed as valuable.
Advertisement of the list for sale in
the "Wall Street district yesterday and
the Issuance of a body attachment for
Latrobe brought to light tho opera
tions of a "Gel Rich Quick" "Walling
ford who made one mistake. It was
the mistake of trying to beat Wall
Street's game with somebody's else
money. Ho lost.'
Two bankruptcy proceedings have
been filed, the District Attorney's of
fice is looking Into the case ana the
receiver is scratching around trying
to get together tho odds ;and ends in
the hope that somo return may bo
made to the customers.
Alluring Advertisement, Ued.
Latrobe in his advertisements offered
to purchase stocks on the Instalment
plan for investors. The first payment
was 20 per cent, or tne maraec vaiuo oi
a Ftock. and tho balance of SO per cent.
wa9 to be discharged In eight equal pay
ments of 10 per cent. each.
Latrobe had a big business built un
and would have made a success of It,"
said Edward B. Levy. 200 Fifth avenue,
the receiver, "if he had not plunged in
the market. From May or Juno until
tho end of the' year he bought little or
no stock for customers. He used the
money sent him by people all over the
country to play the market. He was
short' of the market and It, went up.
against him.
"The broker s customers, who began
to complete payments on their stock in
the fall, commenced to demand deliv
eries. He could not make them. The
receivership followed. The case Is par
ticularly flagrant because of the class of
people attracted by his advertisements.
Latrobe has no less than 25,000 names
on his customers' list and 1,200 of them
were 'live' customers. We find on in
vestigation that most of them were
people in moderate circumstances. Ono
customer had sent Latrobe $35,000 In
caSsh for the purchase of stocks which
were never bought Many sailors and
soldiers Just Indorsed their Government
checks over to Latrobe."
Hull Market Toined Latrobe.
Latrobe's case got into the courts on
for $1,875 during the summer, and paid
for It In cash. Glosclo demanded deliv
ery. It was not made.
For a month or so Gloscio and the
other customers, according to Receiver
he was supposed to be suffering.
Application was made for a receiver
on November 20, and it was granted.
' Saul, 8. Myers, 60 Wall street, attor
ney for the receiver, appeared yesterday
before Judge John C. Knox In the United
States District Court, with tho plea that
a body attachment Issue for Latrobe.
The Plea was granted. Tho action of
Judge Knox followed an application
made before Alexander C. 'Gilchrist,
United States Commissioner, byJthe at
torney for the creditors.
Treatv With Holland Also
1 Teiy W ..," AU0
ooon 10 ae ruuiisiicu.
Special Cable Vetpateh to The Sun from the
London Timet Service.
Copyright, 1920, all right reiened.
BnussELS, Jan. 30. Le Soir, a well
TAWS, Jan. 30. The text of the. pro
posed treaty between Belgium and Hol
land, which will be stgped in this city
soon has been published in the.A'atlon
Ilelge of Brussels, according to tho Echo
de Paris, which says that public opinion
will bo stirred by the publication of the,
treaty and expresses the belief that the
pact may not be signed as a result
Assembly Records Show
Tliey Opposed Every
Emergency Bill.
: They Held It Above Neces
sities of State, Prose
cution Sam
Back on Joh, Hp Says Flood of
Lctcrs Supports Ohjects
of Trial.
Special Despatch to The Svi.
Albany, Jan. 30. Tho records of tho
four .suspended Socialists who were
members of previous Legislatures on
Asstnifcly bills designed to meet war
timo emergencies were Introduced as
evidence against them in to-day's ses
sion of the Judiciary Committee's in
vestigation. The records show that Assemblymen
Solomon, Claessens, Orr and Waldman
opposed every such measure, and that
with one minor exception theirs wero
the only votes recorded In'opposltlon.
Assemblyman Do Witt, the fifth of the
Socialist delegation, was not a mem
ber of any previous Legislature.
Tho measures which tho Socialists
failed to support covered a wldo range
of legislation and Included appropria
tions for pay of the National and
Stato Guard, compulsory military
training, a bill relating to desecration
of the flag, an act to provide for the
requisition of labor of ablcbodlcd males
between 18 and GO, and an act so to
amend tho education law aa to pro
hibit the employment of enemy aliens
as teachers.
This jvldcnco was Introduced In
support of the contention of .counsel
for tho committee that tho accused
legislators thought more of their obli
gation to support their party consti
tution than that of the State. The
constitution of the. Socialist party pro
vides for tho expulsion of any member
holding public ofllce who votes for any
naval or military appropriation.
Seymour Stcdman, .counsel for the
Socialists, objected to the entering of
tho records on each bill that Martin
Conboy of counsel for the committee
brought up. Invariably he was over
ruled by Chairman Louis M. Martin.
While Stedman dn several occasions
sought to explain the votes of the ac
cused men and offered his own Interpre
tation of the meaning of the bill under
consideration ho was cut short by the
chairman, who said that the committee
was competent to Judge what the bill
in question meant.
While the present Indications are that
counsel will consume two or possibly
three days moro In presenting the rest
of the testimony they will offer against
the Socialists, it may be said that to
day's evidence 1b regarded as the most
definite proof of thilr unfitness that
the lawyers nave to olter.
Sweet Back on Job.
Speaker Thaddeus C. Sweet returned
to-day to the capital from a short va
cation at Lake Placid. While he de
clines to discuss the case or the evi
dence so far adduced it may bo said
that he Is not In the least concerned
over the rumors of a party split. On
the contrary the Speaker Is known to
have recelvea hundreds of letters from
all parts of the State to the effect that
the disclosure of the requirements of
the Socialist constitution was enough
In Itself to warrant the expulsion of
the flve men under Investigation.
As The Sun announced to-day there
Is no basis for the report of a split In
the Republican ranks over the pro
gramme with regard to the Socialists,
much less an organized revolt against
the Speaker. Neither Is there founda
tion for the leport that the conimlttee
will render a report at the conclusion
of the presentation of the case against
the accused members without permitting
them to enter a defence.
Speaker Sweet and Lleut.-Col. Roose
velt have not talked things over since
the circulation of tho report that Cl.
Roosevelt Would lead a movement' to
reseat the suspended Assemblymen, but
It can be said that the Speaker at
taches no Importance to this rumor.
There Is positive basis for the state
ment thalr surface indications of a Re
publican split over the issue resulted
from a designed plan to learn tho ex
tent of Socialist sympathy among the
Assembly members and that the anlount
of such sentiment encountered waa neg
ligible. nilU They Opposed.
Here are the titles of some of tho
bills In tho 1918 mid 1919 Legislatures
that were opposed consistently by the
entire Socialist delegation. Including
four ot the five Prcsent Socialist mem
bers: An act to make available for tne New
York Guard certain moneys appropriated
for the National Guard.
An act making appropriations for the
support pf the Government.
An act to amend the education law in
relation to the qualification of teachers.
An act Jo amend the education law in
relation to physical training and the
uie of armories therefor.
An act to provide' for the publication
of the law relating to the desecration of
the flag.
An act to provide for paying mem
bers of the National Guard who served
without the State In response to the
call of the President of June 19, 1916.
The appropriation bill for the support
of the Government of 1918.
An act relating to the military train
ing of boys.
An act to provide for requisitioning
Continued on Sixth Page,
Replies to Questionnaire
Regarded as Threatening
Economic Structure.
Labor Shortage pd Middle
men's Profits Arc Mat
tors of Complaint.
Answers Aro Summarized in
Report to Scnnto Post Of
fice Committee'.
"WAsiiiNaio.v, Jan. 30, Indications of
n wide&pread spirit of unrest and' dis
satisfaction among tho farmers of the
country, so, threatening as likely to
disturb tho existing economic 'struc-
ture, Is considered uy Government of
ficials to be revealed in more than
40,000 replies to a questionnaire re
cently sent out by tho Post Office De
partment. The replies as thus far digested were
summarized In a report prepared by
George L. Wood, Superintendent of
tho Post Ofllco Department's division
of rural malls, and read to the Seriate
Post Office Committee to-day by James
I. Blakslee, Fourth Assistant Postmaster-General.
The views of tho
! 40,000 or moro farmers were obtained
by the broadcasting of 200,000 copies
of n questionnaire throughout the ag
ricultural States nskins.for sugges
tions whereby the Post Ofllce Depart
ment might aid In. cutting down the
cost of living.
rrlnrlpnl Comnlnlnta.
.Answers to the questionnaires have
been coming In since the middle of De
cember at the rate of a thousand day
and .as- summarized by officials show
the major csmplalnts of tho farmers In
numerical order to be:
Inability to obtain labor to work
the farms, hired help and the farm
er's children having been lured to tho
'city by higher wages and easier
High profits taken by middlemen
for tho meroi handling of food
Lack of proper agencies of contact
between tho farmer and the ultimate
Many of the replies, said ono official
who had looked over them, probably as
many as fifty per cent, Indicate that
the writers contemplate either leaving
their farms or curtailing acreage under
cultivation because of one or moro of
the three major grievances and because
of the growing feeling against non-producing
city dwellers.
' Commenting to-night on the replies,
Assistant Postmaster-General Blakslee
said :
"Such a condition nt a time when the
predominant cry Is for production and
still more production cannot but con
stitute a grave menace."
Before the Senate committee he char
acterized the situation as "disquieting
and portentous of disastrous conse
quences." This opinion was expressed
by Mr. Blaksleo aft-r a member of tho
Senate committee had remarked that the
replies seemed to hav come "mostly
from a bunch of Bolshevists."
Excerpts ' from ' a number of letters,
taken at random from the moro than
40,000 already on file at the Post Offlce
Department, showed the trend of thought
among at least a considerable propor
tion of the farmers of New England, the
Eastern agricultural section and the
middle Western States.
New York Farmer' View.
"The time Is very near," wrote a farm
er at East Chatham, N. Y.. "when we
farmers will have to curtail production
and raise only what we need for our own
use and let the other fellows look out
for themselves. Iabor unions aro more
to bliyno for the high prices than any
one else. People are trying to get pay
for what they don't earn."
Writing from a Missouri town, another
farmer said:
"I almost fear a famine. Farm help,
everywhere is flocking to tho city, lured
by short hours, high wages and tho
promise of a good time. Some one, I
fear. Is going to suffer If this condition
Is not remedied shortly."
Declaring that the whole blame for
the high cost of living rests on the
middleman, another Missouri producer
advocated tho establishment of mun(c-
Contlntftd 'on Sixth Page.
2 P. M. TO-DAY
For all classified and real estate advertise-.
ments to be published in to-moi row's
edition-of The Sun and New York Herald.
Closing time, 2 P. M. TO-DAY, Main Offices
" " 1P.M. TO-DAY, Branches
Government "Will Fight Any
Effort hy Miners to Enforce
Six Hour Day.
Revolutionary Outbreaks Aro
1 Feared in tho Ruhr Coal
Staff Corretponilent o Tub Sun.
Copyright, 1920, all right reiened.
Berlin, Jan. 30. The strike for a six
hour day by 15,000 coal miners In
Saxony Is apparently tho beginning of
a new strlko period which promises to
reach a crisis next week, It probably
will bo followed by Spartacan strike
demonstrations in tho Ruhr district,
whtro revolutionists, defeated In the
miners' convention, are endeavoring to
lorco the Government to accede to the
demand for a six hour day despite the
altitude nf their own loaders and tho
bulk of their follow workmen.
Trouble also seems to be unavoidable
In connection with the reopening of the
railroad shops, where tho Government
will reemploy only thoso who agree to
accept piece work wages and thoso not
Implicated In tho activities of the revolu
tionary union.
Tho Government commissioner In tho
Ruhr district has Issued a warning to
tho coal miners that tho authorities art
pi epared for all eventualities and that
any attempt to force a six hour day by
an Illegal strike must fail, because there
will bo no dealings with unauthorized
union chiefs. It Is declared that any at
tempt to leave the mines after working
six hours will be followed by Immediate
arrest and a heavy penalty.
State of Siege Discussed
Amidst Stormy Scenes,
Berlin, Jan. 30. There were stormy
scenes In flio National Assembly to-day
during tho discussion of the Independ
ent?' proposal to abolish the state of
sleee. the different factions trying to
howl each other down. Dr. Heine, Prus
l.n tlnUfD- nf tha Tnt.rlnp 1,rrrl inn-
tlnuance of the public ."afety precautions.
He threatened the Independent leaders ,
with court-martial, shouting. "You are
Joking at the risk of your lives." '
Ilerr Oeser, Prussian Minister of Rail
ways, stated that as a result of the rall
rmv otrllifi 47 ner pent, of the country's
locomotives were useless. During the
debate the Reichstag Building was bar -
ilt ' nm tenrrA flie railroad
,..it...o .vniiT.l u.mir fn c-nln nrimlsslon bv
force .
Incomes uj to 2.000 marks per year
will not be subject to tho Income tax,
according to a decision of the commis
sion of tho National Assembly con
slderlng the measure. An additional al
lowance of BOO marks for each member
of a family will be mado on Incomes
above 2,000.
Asserts Most of People Also
Are So Inclined.
Saiomca, Jan. 28 (delayed). Mus
tapha Kernel Pasha, the leader of the
Nationalist Young Turkish movement In
Anatolia, asserted In a recent speech at
Angora that the Turkish people as a
wholo favor collaboration with Ger
many, according to advices received
here. lie added that In his opinion the
persons responsible for Turkey's en
trance Into tho war should not bo pun
ished. London-, Jan. 30. A White Paper re
port on the disturbances In the Punjab,
India, says tho special contributory
causes In the azltatlon at Amrltsar were
speculation, discontent over the prices
of commodities, dissatisfaction with the
Income tax and nn attempt to arouse
Islamic feeling among the lower classes
out of sympathy with Turkey.
Trcmorn In Vera Crnc.
Mkxico Citt, Jan. 30. Earthquake
shocks wero felt In the city of Vera
Cruz and In the vicinity of Chalchlco
mula. State of Puebla, last evenln-j, ac
cording tp reports reaching this city.
About 15,000 Remain in Ter
ritory Now Overrun lly
Reds Offer Safe Passage to
Czechs in Exchange for Him
and Treasure.
UpteM Cable Dttpateh to The Su.v lrom the
London Timet Keniee.
Copyright, 1M0, all rlghlt reiened,
ItAr.niN. Manchuria, Jan. 29 (de
layed). The Czechs estimate that they
still have nbout 15,000 men nlong the
railway from Irkutsk westward , for
about 400 miles. While the Czechs are
well supplied with food, they aro In a
highly .precarious situation, owing to
the fact that the whole country Is In
Bolshevist hands. The Czechs would
bo helpless In the event of a combined
movement to prevent their evacua
tion. Gen. Semenoff's force Is reduced to
about 2,000 Cossacks. His mobiliza
tion of Austro-German prisoners of
war has , proved unsuccessful. The
Kolchak collapso ha3 resulted In vir
tually tho whole population of Siberia
being ready to accept Bolshevism.
A communication from the Bolshevist
headquarters at Tomsk passed along
through the last Czech unit proposes
the surrender of Admiral Kolchak, now
held by the revolutionists nt Irkutsk ; tho
irold treasure r& all arms, ammunition
and military supplies, In exchange for
which the Bolshevist offer to guarantee
the Czechs safe repatriation through
The fact Is the Bolshevists have the
Czechs In a tight place, and It probably
will prove that It waa for that reason
they were compelled to throw Kolchak
"to tho lions." The Czechs still hold
the gold, but the Bolshevists In Irkutsk
have sworn never to let It go cast of
rnke Baikal. There is now held In
Irkutsk some 120.000,000 in thirty-five
trucks pending negotiations. About 10,
000.000 already, has' reached Vladivostok
hat part has been pledged for foreign
Aa regards the Polish division, num
bering 6,000 men, later reports state that
the men mutinied, murdered their of
ficers and went over to the Bolshevists.
There still are 4.000 Rumanians and
! 1,000 Jugo-SIavs west of Irkutsk,
Vladivostok. Jan. 22 (delayed).
Tree trains of Rod Cross workers, in-
eluding 100 women, are on their way to
Vladivostok. All the women personnel
of the Red Cross will be sent from
Siberia on the earliest sailing transport,
1 Red Cross volunteers are being re.
i crulted to remain here to direct the uls
I trlbutlon In civilian refugees of the
$3,000,000 worth of supplies on hand
and also to care for 900 refugee chll
drcn here from Petrograd.
Admiral Said to Be Hiding in
By the Atioctated Fret).
Honolulu, T. II., Jan. 30. Admiral
Kolchak is reported to have escaped
from tho Bolshevllti and to be In hiding
In Manchuria, ' according to a Toklo
despatch to the Japancso newspaper
.Yiwnti Jill here.
Tho social revolution, which occurred
In Irkutsk and which ousted Kolchak,
transerred the governmental powers to
the Bolshevik!, the cable added.
Paris, Jan. 30. Considerable caution
is shown by newspapers here In com
menting on reports that Gen. Janln, the
French commander of the Czecho-Slovak
army In Siberia, turned Admiral Kol
chakt over to Insurgent revolutionists.
Tho Petit PnHslen declares Janln 'was
powerless to help Kolchak. while the
Figaro asserts the Czecho-Slovaks had
to give up the former head of the All
Russian Government or be annihilated.
Anti-Bolshevik Troops Evac
uate City of Derbent.
Vienna, Jan. 29 (delayed). The cap-,
ture of Odessa by Ukrainian forces com
manded by Gen. Pawlenko Is announced
by the Ukrainian Press Service.
A committee of Ukrainian, Russian
and Jewish citizens succeeded In restor
ing order, tho advices stata and In Im
proving the provisioning ofthe city and
the administration of Its affairs.
London, Jan. 30. Antt-Bolshevik
forces havo been compelled to evacuate
the city of Derbent, on the west coast
of the Caspian Sea. according to n wire
less despatch received here from Moscow.
In Eastern Siberia, the despatch states,
peasants havo revolted nnd occupied tho
gold fields In the vicinity of Nlkolaevlk.
They have fortified the entire Amur dis
trict with trenches. It is declared.
Odessa, Russia's chief Black Ssa port,
has been in control of the nntl-Bolshevlk
forces in South Russia for a considerable
period. Tho Bolshevik successes against
Gen. Denlklne, however, and his break
with Gen. Pctlura, tho Ukrainian com
mander, havo recently been threatening
this control nnd a panicky exodus from
tho city has been In progress for a fort
night past.
Tbfr force nf tho Soviet push has been
exerted mainly further east in South
Russia than the neighborhood of Odessa,
the nearest approach of the Red troops
definitely reported being about 175 miles
to the northeast, at Ellzabcthgrad, the
capture of which was announced on
January 26. The Ukrainian . forces ap
parently have approached Odessa from
the norm anq nortnwesu
Foch Sees Immortals
Grapple With "Cheese"
pARIg', Jnn. 30. Marslinl
Foch and President Poincnre,
according to the usual custom,
attended the French Academy
yesterday to rchenrso the cere
mony of tho former's reception
into the ranks of tho immortals,
which occurs nt tho academy
next Thursday.
After the formality Marshal
Foch was invited to remain dur
ing tho routine proceedings of
the institution, which were de
voted to defining for the dic
tionary the meaning of tho word
$50,000,000 FOR
G. 0. P. Committeemen Cut
Glass and Wilson Proposal
From $125,000,000.'
Decision Likely To-day, With
Indications Austria and Po
land Will Benefit.
Washington, Jan. 30, Republican
members of the House Ways and
Means Committee In conference to
day Informally agreed to favor legis
lation authorizing the Treasury to ex
tend adlltional credits of 50,000,000 to4
certain European countries for food
lollef. ' The specific countries to benefit
will bo decided upon nt a later meet
ing. Poland, Armenia and Austria
were Included In the original proposal
of Secretary Glass, since supported in
a letter from President Wilson, for
cs edits of $130,000,000, later reduced to
$125,080,000 by Mr. Glass.
Representative Fordney "(Mich.)
chairman of the committee, called u
meeting for to-morrow of tho full Com
mittee to consider final, action. Lead
ing Democratic, committeemen, includ
ing Representatives Kitchln (N. C.)
and Garner (Tex.), vho were among
the first to suggest the $30,000,000 as
a maximum authorization, are counted
on by tho Republican members to sup
port the $50,000,000 loan, which also
has approval of some members of tho
Republican legislative steering com
mittee The agreement came after nn earlier
conference with the steering committee,
at which varied opinions on the Treas
ury proposal of larger loan authoriza
tion was expressed, including opposition
to any new loans. Some Republicans
favored a, larger sum than $50,000,000,
but the majority opinion seemed to sup
port that amount.
While no agreement was attempted at
either of the; conferences to determine
whether the legislation shall specify
tho countries to get the loans, some
effort In this direction may be made to
morrow. Proponents of the $30,000,000
fund suggested that amount primarily to
relieve starvation In Austria, to supple
ment private charity to the Armenians,
and alleviate distress In Budapest.
Confidential Information received by
committeemen through official channels
was understood to be that European
countries, Including France and Eng
land, could not be expected to contribute
to a relief fund for Austria, their In
clination being to help Poland in her
fight apnlnst the Russian Bolshevik
Government. Objection to extended aid
to Poland by tho United States was
made by some committeemen on the
ground that the Tollsh army is now
moro "san 100 miles beyond tho na
tion's eastern frontier.
However, tho JSO.OOO.OOO fund Is ex
pected to afford some relief for Poland,
I: being pointed out that the require
ments for Austria amount to $30,000,000,
for Budapest $5,000,000 and for Arme
nia $1,'500,000 a month.
- Besides finally deciding on the amount
of the loans, the committee must deter
mine to-morif-w tho method of admlnlsf
tration, the general opinion being that
It would bo through the United States
Grain Corporation, which would be au
thoilzed to use Its funds for having food
In this country.
Italy Establishes Precedence,
m Lieu of Divorce Law.
Milan, Jan. 80. The annulment of a
marrlago has been obtained hero solely
on tho grounds .that It was childless.
This decision Is expected to be followed
by numerous applications for annulment
on similar grounds, for there Is no di
vorce in Italy.
The action ot the tribunal is indorsed
by the Italian press as a whole, and the
Socialists havo gone so far as to prepare
a measure (or the Introduction Into the
Chamber proposing that marriages shall
be compulsorlly annulled If no children
result from them.
All Real Estate and
classified advertisements
for The Sun and New
York Herald for insertion
Sunday, Fob. 1, 1920,
only should be sent to of
fice of New Yprk Herald,
Herald Square. All dis
play advertising copy, to
280 Broadway.
Lodge .Itefnscs to Accept
Tuft Modification of His
Strong Reservation.
Republican Leader Firm
Against Change in Mon
roe Doctrine Clause.
Senator "Walsh Will Move To
day for Hearing February 10
Weeks of Debate.
Rpcial netpateh to Tub Scs.
Wasiiinc.tox, Jan. .'10. Hopelessly
lodged on the rocks of .'.v-ticlo X., Hie
hl-partisnii treaty conference wont to
pieces this nftenioon. The conferees
after two weeks of determined effort
to reach a basis ot compromise on tho
reservations ndjournetl without (toy.
Tho last move was the offorliiR li,v
the Democratic conferees of the latest
proposed draft dealing with Article
X. by William II. Tnft. The Demo
crats said tliey were nil ngrecd on It
If the Republicans would Join tlicin.
Senator Lodge (Mass.), Republican
leader, replied that liecould not ac
cept It. He was not prepared to ac
cept nny change from tho original
test of the reservation ou this point
adopted by the Senate Inst session.
Likewise the Republicans ramie It
clear they could not ngrco to any
change In the reservation dealing with
the Monroe Doctrine. The pronounce
ment' as to Article X. was accepted
by tho Democrats as nn iiltirantum.
Without form or ceremony, with no
suggestion of nnylhlng dramatic, the
conference 'lissolved.
Wnlih o Notify Scnnto.
Senator Hitchcock (Neb.), on behalf
of the Democrats, promptly announced
that the fight would be carried to tho
Senate floor. "Personally, I am leav
ing town to-night for a few days," ho
said, "but Senator Walsh of Montana
In my behalf will to-morrow announco
that on Tuesday, February 10, a mo-i
tlon will bo made in the Senate to taky
up the treaty for consideration."
! Inasmuch as Article X. finally proved
the sticking point, precisely as had
been anticipated In the beginning of
the conferences, the texts of tho va
lious pending proposals on that sub
ject will indicate the exact status at
tho conclusion of the compromise ef
forts. Tho original Lodge reservation
adopted by the Senate last session fol
lows: The United States assumes no obli
gation to presefve the territorial In
tegrity or political independence ot
any other country or to interference
In controversies between nations
whether members of the league or
not under tho provisions ot Article
X., or to employ the military or
naval forces of the United States un
der any article of the treaty for any
purpose, unless in any particular
case the Congress, which under the
Constitution has the jsole ower to
declare war or authorize the em
ployment ot the military or naval
forces of the United States, shall by
act or Joint resolution so provide,
Propoanl of Democrat.
The reservation on Article X., which
Senator Hitchcock says was the Demo
cratic proposal before the bi-partisan
committee, reads:
The United States assumes no obll- ,
gation to employ Its military or
naval forces or tho economic boycott
o preserve the territorial Integrity
or political Independence of any other
country under the provisions of Artl- '
cle X., or to employ the military or
naval forces of the United States
under any article of tho treaty for
any purpose, unless In nny particular
case the Congress, which under the
Constitution has the solo power to
declare uar or authorize tho employ
ment ot the military or naval forces
of the United States, shall by act or
joint resolution so provide. Nothing
herein shall be deemed to Impair the
obligations in Article XVI. concern
ing the economic boycott
The Taft reservation proposed by the
Democrats at the last moment was first
published In an artlclo by tho former
President this week. It follows:
The United States declines to as
sume any legal or binding obliga
tion to preserve the territorial Integ
rity or political independence of any
other country under the provisions of
Article X or to employ the mllltarv
or naval forces of the United States
under any article of the treaty for
any purpose ; but the Congress which
under tho Constitution has the
sole power In tho premises will con
sider and decile what moral obli
gation If any under tho circum
stances of nny particular case, when
It arises, should move the United
States In the Interest of world peac
and Justice, to tako action therein
and will act accordingly.
Counter Tropoinl Ilpfnxed.
To-morrow In the absnco of Senator
Hitchcock, Senator Walsh (lion.) will
give notice that on Tuesday, Vcbruaty
10, the Senate will be asked to proceed to
consideration of the treaty. Mr. Hitch
cock will return from Nebraska Thurs
day next. Senator Hitrhcoclt :ald ;
"At the meeting to-day we presented
the last Taft reservation on Artlclo X.
p.i our proposition of a compromise.
There was some conversation as to th
exact meaning of the reservation. W
; urged the Republicans to say whether
tliey could accept 11 or consider It.
"Senator Lodge said definitely he could
not accept it. Wo then asked If tht
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