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PLAN O F T H E GAZETTE of the UNITED STATES. A NATIONAL PAPER. To be pubhfked at the seat of the seder a l govern m e nt, and tc comprise, as fully as pofjible, the following Objects, viz. I T'ARLY and authentick Accounts of the PROCEEDINGS ' iLofCONGRESS—its LAWS, ACTS, and RESOLUTIONS communicated so as to form an HISTORY of the TRANSACTIONS tf the }LDtRAL LEGISLATURE, under the NEW CONSTITUTION, 11. Impartial Sketches of the Debates of Congress. 111. ESSAYS upon the great fubjefts of Government in general and the Federal Legijlature in particular; also upon the national ant) Am/Rights of the american citizens, as founded upon the Fe deral or State Constitutions; also upon every other Subject, -which may appear suitable for newspaper difculTion. IV. A SERIES of PARAGRAPHS, calculated to catch the " living manners as they rise," and to point the publick attention to Objetts that have an important reference to dovnejlick, facial, and publick happiness. V. The Interefls of the -United States as conneftcd with their li terary Institutions—religious and moral Objefts—lmprovements ir Science, Aits, EDUCATION and HUMANITY—their foftigr Treaties, Alliances, Connexions, &c. VI. Every species of INTELLIGENCE, which may affect th< commercial, agricultural, manufafiuriug, orpolitital INTERESTS ol yhe AMERICAN REPUBLICK. VII. A CHAIN of bOMESTICKOCCURRENCES, colleSfed through the Medium of an extensive Correspondence with the ref peflive States. ' VIII. A SERIES of FOREIGN ARTICLES of INTELLI GENCE, so connected, as to form a general Idea oj publick AJfairs ir. tht eafltrn Hemisphere. . IX. The STATE of the NATIONAL FUNDS; also of the IN DIVIDUAL GOVERNMENTS Courses of Exchange Pr.ce; Current, &c. CONDITIONS. I. THE Gazette of the United State a shall be printed with thi fame Letter, and on the fame Paper as this publication. ItJiiall be publijhed every WEDNESDAY and SATURDAY, am delivered, as may be direfled, to every Subscriber in the city, on those days, HI. ■ The price to Subscribers (exekufiveof postage) will A THREE DOL LARS pr. annum. J IV. The firjh fmi-annnal payment to be-made in three months_/Vtf/n the ap pear ance oj the JirJl number. SUBSCRIPT-JONS • Will be rernvrif in all the capital totsns rrfon the Continent; also at the City-Coffee-Houfe, and at No. 86, Williarrt-Strect, until the \Ji o/May, from which time at No. 9, Maiden-Lane, near the Ofwego- Market, New-York. JV. B. By a new Arrangement made in the Stages, Subscribers at 2 distance will be duly furnifhed with papers. postscrYtt. A large impression of every number will be Jlruch off— so that Subfribers may always be accommodatcd with complete Sets. To the PUBLICK. AT this important _Crisis, the ideas that fill the mind, are pregnr.nt with Events of the greatest magnitude—to strengthen and complete the UNI ON of the States—to extend and protetft then COMMERCE, under equal Treaties yet to he form ed—to explore and arrange the NATIONAL FUNDS—to reltore and eftablifli the PUBLICK CREDIT—and ALL tinder the auspices of an un tried System of Government, will requirethe EN ERGIES of the Patriots and Sages of our Country— Hence the propriety of encreaftng the Medium oj Know ledge artd Information. AMERICA, from this period, begins a new Era m her national existence—" the world is all before her"—The wisdom and folly—the misery and prosperity of the EMPIRES, STATES, and KINGDOMS, which have had their day upon the P'eat Theatre of Time, and are now no more, ftggeft the most important Memenros—Thefe, with the rapid series of Events, in which our own Coun try has been so deeply interested, have taught the enlightened Citizens of the United States, that FREEDOM and GOVERNMENT—LIBERTY and LAWS, are inseparable. This Conviction has led to the adoption of the NewConftitution ; for however various the Sen timents, refpe<!ting the MERITS of this System, all good mf.n are agreed in the lieceflitv that exists, of an EFFICIENT FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. A paper, therefore, eftabliftied upon NATION AL, INDEPENDENT, and IMPARTIAL PRINCI PLES-— which (hall take up the premised Articles, "Don a competent plan, it is presumed, will be uglily interesting, and meet with publick appro bation and patronage. 1 he Editor of this Publication is determined to cave no avenue of Information unexplored :—He 0 lcits the afliftance ofPerfons ofleifure and abili es—-which, united with his own aflicluity, he Hat ers himfelf willrender the Gazette of the United * no * unworthy general encouragement an ls ' w i'"-h due refpeft, the publick's humble fer x' v c JOHN FENNO. htu-Yorb, April 1789. WEDNESDAY, APRIL 15, 1789. EPITOME OF THE PRESENT STATE OF THE UNION. NEW-HAMPSHIRE, WHICHis ißomilesinlengch, and6oin breadth, 'contained, according to an enumeration in 1787, 102,000 inhabitants—is attached to the fe deral Government—engaged in organizing her mi litia, already the beftdifciplined of any in the Lin ion—encouraging the domeltick arts—and looking forward to the benefits which will ref'ult from the operations of the New Constitution. New-Hamp (hire, from her local adantages, and the hardihood of her Tons, may anticipate eileiitial benefits from the operation of equal commercial regulations. MASSACHUSETTS, 4jo miles in length, and 160 in breadth, contain ed, according to an enumeration in 178 7, 360,000 inhabitants—Since the tranquility of the State was restored by the lupprellion of the late insurreCtion, the whole body of the people appears solicitous for the bleliings of peace and good government. If any conclusion can be drawn from elections for the Federal this State has a decided major ity in favour of the New Constitution. The great objeCts of Commerce, Agriculture, Manufactures, and the Fifharies, appear greatly to engage the at tention of Mailiichufetts. Fabricationt of Cotton, coarse Woolens, Linens, DUCK, IRON, Wood, &c. are prosecuting with futceft—and by diminishing her imports, and increasing her exports, she is ad vancing to that rank and importance in the Union which her extent of territory—her resources—and the genius and enterprilfc of her citizens entitle her to —and although the collision of parties, at the moment of Election, ftiikes out a few sparks of ani mosity, yet the decision once made, the " Calumet of Peace" is fntoked in lave and friendfhip—" and like true Republicans they acquiej 'ce in the choice of the Majority—• CONNECTICUT, 81 miles in length, and 57 in breadth, contain ed, agreeably to a Census in 1782, 209,150 inhab itants, enjoying a fertile foil, this truly republican Stare is pursuing her interelt in the promotion of Manufactures, Commerce, Agriculture, and the Sciences—She'itppearS trfbid fair, from the peace able, loyal, and federal Character of the great body of her citizens—from the Enterprise of her men of wealth, and other favourable circuuiftances, to at tain to a gTeat degree of opulence, power, and respectability in the Union. NEW-YORK, 350 miles in length,and 300 in breadth,contained, agreeably to a Census in 1786, 238,897 inhabitants, This State appears to be convulsed by parties—but the CRISIS is at hand, when it is hoped, that the " Hatchet" will be buried. Exertions on one fide are making for the re-eleCtion of Gov. Clinton, and on the other for the introduction of the Hon. Judge Y a t e s to the chair—both parties appear san guine as to their success. It is ardently to be will ed, that temper and tnoderation may pi efide at the Elections ; and there can be no doubt of it, as that Freedom, for which we fought and triumphed, depends lo essentially upon a FREE CHOICE.— It is greatly regretted, that this refpcCtable and important member of the federal Republick, (hould not be represented in the Moil Honourable Senate of the United States. New-York, however, is rising in her federal character, and in manufacturing, a gricultural, and commercial consequence : Eviden ced in her federal elections—her plans for promo ting Manufactures, and the increase of her Exports. NEW-JERSEY, 160 miles in length, and 52 in breadth, contain ed, by a Census in 1 784, 149,435 inhabitants. This State is at prefenttrancjuil, although lately agitated by a very extraordinary contelled election—which by a timely interference of the Executive, appears to be fettled. The inhabitants of this State are warmly attached to the New Constitution—the bles sings of peace, an equal trade, and good govern ment, being properly prized by them. The Arts and Sciences arc objects of importance in this State, and many of her foils rank high in the Republick of Letters. PENNSYLVANIA, 288 miles in length, and 156 in breadth—by a Census in 1787, contained 360,000 inhabitants This extenlive and truly resectable State, is mak .ing great proficiency in her Manufactures, Agri culture, Arts and Cominere. Her attachment to the New Constitution is unequivocal, and with a : consistency highly honourary to her national cha racter, ilie has lately made an effort, (which, though defeated for a time, will undoubtedly be fuccefsful) ! to conform their State Constitution to that of the Union. Tliepublick buildings in the city of Plii . ladclphia, have been refpeCifully offered for the j accommodation of Congress. Theatrical exhibi- : tions are now permitted by law—and the city lias been incorporated : Experience will determine the eligibility of the two latter tranfa&ioßS. DELAWARE, 92 miles In length, and 16 in breadth, by a Gen ius in 1787, contained 37,000 inhabitants. This State, though circuinfcribed in its limits, derives great importance from its rank in the Union—at tached to the New Constitution, and having the honour to take the lead in its adoption, there is no doubt of its giving efficacy to its righteous admini stration. • MARYLAND, 134 miles in length, and no in breadth, by a Census taken in 1 782, contained 253,630 inhabitants. From its favourable situation in the Union, this State bids fair for prosperity, wealth, and eminence. Warmly attached to the New Confthuticn, andep joying a central situation, the publications there have teemed with tempting inducements to Con gress, to make Baltimore the Seat if the Federal Legislature. VIRGINIA, 758 miles in length, and 224 in breath—by a cenft s taken in 1782, contains 567,614 inhabitants. From the natural ardour of her sons in the caul'd of freedom, is frequently convulsed in her elec tions, and has been torn by factions.—Pollening an extensive territory and a vail income, her funds arc placcd on a refpeCiable footing) but as herre prefentatioij in the fjederal legislature is decidedly attached to the union and the new conftitttion— there is now no doubt but ths* flie will fee her in t ere ft and glory finally connected with a few tem porary facrifices upon the principles of mutual con cession. ' * sour H.CAROLINA, .200 miles in length, and 125 in breath—and con tains, by a census in 1787, 180,000 inhabitants, an important member of the union, has appeared late ly to vibrate between oppoling ientiments—Her attachment to national meaf'ures we doubt not will evidentally discover itfelf when all tender lavs and pine barrens flia.ll be done away. The prohibition of tlie importation of staves, and the provision lately made for the reduction of her foreign debt are fe* deral traits—add to these that their electors have given an unanimous vote for his Excellency Ge neral Washington, as President of the United States—by which the memorable circumltance is authenticated, that the voice of the WHOLE CON TINENT has once more called our FABIUS MAX-" IMUS to rel'cue our country from impending ruin. GEORGIA, 600 miles in length, and 250 in breath,. —by a Census in 1 787, contained 98,000 inhabitants. This [late is compleating her federal character \y con forming her state constitution to that of the union —and being the youngell branch of the family--- and a frontier— : ihe will doubtless experience the supporting and protecting arm of the federal go vernment. FOREIGN STATES. RHODE-ISLAND, Is 68 miles in length, and 40 ill breath, and by a Census taken in 1783, contained 51,896 inhabitants. This state has again refn'fed to ac cede to a union with her filler states, and is now wholly eftrangedfrom them ;and from appearances, will long continue so, unless the measure of the iniquity of her "KNOW YE" gentry should be speedily filled up—or the delusion which has so long infatuated amajority of her citizens,fhould be removed.—Anxious of enjoying the protection of the union, the inhabitants of Newport, Provi dence and otlier places, are determined to sue for its protection, and to be annexed to MaflachrJetts or Connecticut. This difinemberment of the state it is to be desired, may be prevented by her be ing wholly grassed into that stock from whence through blindness she has been broken off. NORTH-CAROL IN A. Is 758 miles in length, and f 10 in breadth, and by a census taken in 1787, contained 270,000 in habitants. A depreciated paper medium, and a deficiency of political knowledge, are confideredas the causes of the anti-national spirit of this State. Her extensive frontier, and being obliged to export the greater part of her productions through Vir ginia, it is expedted will ere long evince the neces sity of her acceding to the confederation. This indeed appears already to be the predominant idea of her citizens, by some recent tranfacftions. KOTti Somr of the foregoing Obfcrvaticns are tranf ribrdfrom the Majf.Khi* fctts Mag. an ingenious periodical publication of I. Tlomasand Co. of Bos ton, now in the fourth month of its progress as a Candidate for literary eminence, and pub/ick patronage. The Enumeration of the Inhabitants oj the federal States, is taken from Mcrfe's AMERICAN CEOCRAPIIY-- a new icork jijl published, which from its very ufejvl and important con tents, fliould it introduced into every family of the United States.■ ' PRICE SIX PENCE .