~ i: is "prefslydeclarej by the Con
■"r' \ Conerels (hall have power to reguiate trade,
o oblige vessels to enter and clear, t
It'purHe' s this power given r_Caa they be laid to
<L trade in any degree whatever ? .
Sylvester oWerved, that the article was ex-
V .. words could make it, to his appreheniion thete
P ! .« h, another" plainly indicated,, that the duty hau
V „,;d'at'femeone port, to entitle to an exemptio
been p ilu ° f
«rb-ng taken, it palled in the negative,
, Blah d's amendment was loft
The firft artic'.c was then P ut and carried
Thefecond article was alia voted, with this amend
mei.t! tii* iniertion of the word NOW, before owned—
js it ooiv (lands. . r TT
The third article came next in course, viz. Upon a.i
veiTels owned by the fubjeds of power, with whom the
United State J had formed treaties, &c,
Mr Lawrence proposed, and was Seconded, thatthe
#o rds, with whom the United States had formed treaties,
fbould be (buck out ot the report. .
This produced,a debate, which was lupported witn (pi
rit and ingenuity on both (ides .
Mr CAWititCE obfervci, that the present fituauon o!
the united States, fliould lead her to übferve a perfect
teutialuy with relped to all foreign n.t ons whether in
treaty with us or not—that we had not Hupping lufi.ient
to export the produce of the country—confequ:nily, we
null Employ foreign vesselt —nations m treaty could not
fornifto*. and therefore we were under the neceflky to
employ t ,e Briufh, thof« of our allies, and American, to
traniport our produce, or eife it mull periili cm our :
This r.eccffity places us in the power of-fereigie, s, and
rives them every advantage.—Freight will b-.- inhanced
in proportion to the tonnage, so that th'.s difcrimmation
operates as a bounty to foreigners, and a tax upos ourown
prodi.ee: But 1 appeal to ger.tkm. n, (Mr. Lawrence
uid) whether the produce of the country can bear any
addition to its pr:«—with relped to rice and tobacco,
gentlemen from the fouth*ard mull determine—as to the
produce of the eallern and northern States, it was well
known it could not—the eaibrn filheries, it had
plaicly proved were in a declining li ustion already—
This diicrimination will be considered as a retaliating
ra . a i urc . [t is fad tliat no commercial treaties now exitl
between the United States and Spain, Portugal and Great
Britain—we carried on a great trade with those countries;
we might form luch treaties ; but iu;h regulations as
were now propoled, would produce firoilar on their part —
and in thai cafe our condition, bad a» it is, will be changed
forthe worse. As the fith from the eastern States will be
incumbered with duties in Spiin and Portugal.—As the
mejfure refpeded Great Britain, the gentleman thought
it was better to negociate, than to wage a war of regula
tions—it would be better to try this mode at the prelent,
the other would always be in our power— i his diicrimi
nation will have a disagreeable etted—Great Britain is
rich, old and powerful —we now derive advantages,
great and many in our intercourse with thein—their ports
in India were to us, a trade that was considered of
immense importance, and which the influence of that
nation in India could materially affect, either in our favor
or again!)—the gentleman hoped we lhould there
fore adopt negocia.ion before we tried the proposed ex
Mr. Madison considered the fubjed is involving a
general question—how far any difcriinination lhould be
made: Gentlemen had oliferved, that our (hipping was
not fufficient, he believed that was the fad at present,
and if we did not want a maritime power, if the United
States did not need a navy, he lhould be for opening our
ports to the who'e world —But it is, Sir, (the gentleman
observed) receffary to provide fcr our security—and
though i\e may be obliged to pay a temporary advance
and make ioroe facrifices to obtain it, yet it would prove
afavingin the end, and may prevent the horrors ot war.
Nothing efTerti'illy different, from wha.t had before
been offered, has been now said, —I (hall therefore refcrve
myfelf to make a motion, that time may be given for
the operation of this duty.
It is evident, that the sentiments of the people are in
favor of a discrimination, evidenced by the separate at
tempts of the refpedive governments, and if in the firft
ast of Ccmgrefs this diftindion (hould be aboiifhed we
(hall certainly disappoint cur constituents. The gentle-
Wan last speaking contends, that we enjoy, advantages
in our connections and trade with Great Britain.
Bat fir, it is evident, that the object of that nation has
been an universal monopoly: felfilh in her commercial
regulations, we derive no benefits from her, but (uch as
are extorted by her attention to her own necellities, and
our peculiar advantages: There was a moment when
Great-Britain would have negociated, but reverting to
tier narrow policy, the want ot power on our part was cb
jefted to. The executive of that country, have th,
power to regulate their commerce as the Hate of things
here may didate, varying their fyliems so as to pro
note their own interell. Ido not fear their retaliating,
they have no new expedients to try: If necelTary, the
people will associate, and it is very certain that since thi
reiources of the country have been explored, and oui
capacity for manufadures ascertained ; an association
a gainlt their manufactory, will now produce a greater
c °nfternation than ever. 1 conceive »c have nothing tt
apprehend: but supposing the word, what grievous wound
can Great-Britain inflict ? Retlridions on the trade to
tne Weft-Indies would soon bring them to reason, the\
full depend for the necessaries of life in those islands,
on this country entirely, in a few years. What do w<
from Great-Britain ? we may make them depend
u P°n us, and (he would very fooa facrifice her pride ra
tlltr than facrifice the eflentials of her trade and manu
fa£lures. Their islands depend upon us for fubfi;lence—
at this moment we hear tne cry of diltrels from one ol
.iem : We have nothing to fear, the fears a:e on their
tide. I have not, time particularly to go inio a compa
nion of the commerce of foreign countries, but our
JIL is now received upon peculiir advantages in
France: cur RICE will soon be admitted accordi ig to
the bell accounts. We Ihould not surely discourage our
dlies at this interesting period ; there are between 80 and
90000 hogiheads of tobacco exported to England, and
out about 16000 are consumed in that kingdom; tiie
relt was re-lhipped by the merchants of Great-Britain,
to all parts of the continent, and the fame may be said
of the principal part of our produce lent to that coun
try. Our ALLIES merit ibme advantages to place
-heir navigation upon snore equal terms : It would be
pleasing fir, if some diflinftion could be made in favour
of Spain and Portugal, but at present, I do not fee how
it can be done. Treaties, however, may soon be form
ed between us and those powers: I rely upon the con
liftency of condud, which will be observed by this house.
Our conllituents are all anxious for some dilcrimination,
and will be disappointed (hould the words in the report b(
llruck out. Ido not contend for a great difference, but
a difference is necessary, politic, and just.
Mr Fitzsimons observed, that Great-Britain takes
-xc'ufively from us, lumber —if 40s. per thousand dut)
was laid, they mull pay it; the fame may be said of
provisions: This was proved by the rife of these arti
cles, and the rife of their freight—the freight was not
in proportion to the tonnage —the rice of Carolina, was
another article not to be produced ellewhere—flaxfeed
and potash also from the ealhvard—6s. Bd. duty on ton
n.ige had been paid in some of the dates, but it did not
enhance freight, the charges fall on the conlumer. He
acknowledged there might be some difficulties on ac
count of Spain and Portugal, but none with Great-Bri
tain, we were their bail cuilomers.
Mr. Wadswuhth was oppofedto alldifcrimination—
vie enjoyed, he observed .great advantages in our trade with
G. Britain : Our flaxfeed, potafti, naval stores and lumber,
were carried there upon equal and better terms than from
other countries, that they were not corfined to our mar
ket for these articles was well known, that to deprive
ourselves of this market would be the greatest ill-policy
as we could find no substitute : it had been acknowledged
th.it the (hipping of the States, was not fufficient to
transport the productions of the country in this situati
on, fl.all we prohibit a competition between the several
maritime powers, for our carrying trade, and luffer our
produce to perish on our own hands? Policy forbids it—
the slate of the union forbids it—and he conceived the
house would be in favour of the motion to Strike out the
clause in the report —several otheT gentlemen spoke
upon the fubjedl ; Mr. Jackson', Mr. Sherman, Mr
Lawrence and Mr. MADisbv, again; but the fub
ltance of the whole debate is contained in the foregoing.
The vote being taken to strike out the words " with
whom the United States have formed treaties." It pal
led in the negative, lb the motion of the Hon. Mr. Law •
re nc e , was lolt.
The House adjourned.
Tuesday, May 5, 1789. ,
Rev. Mr. Linn, the Chaplain of the Hpule officiated
for the firft time.
Mr. Benson presented the report of the committee,
appointed to conlider what title, or whether any other
than what the conftitntion points out, fliould be given tc
the Prelident and other officersofthe national government
—which was that it was not proper to give any other ti
tle, than what the Constitution contains —This report wa:
Mr. Madison, one of the committee appointed tc
answer the Speech of The President, introduced tht
report of that committee, which being read by the Clerk,
it was referred to a committee of the whole Houle—where
being read and amended, was unanimously palled, and
afterwards accepted by the House.
Mr Bland introduced the resolution of the State ol
Virginia, upon the fubjedi of amendments, which aftei
some conversation, was ordered to be entered on the jour
nals of the House, and the original deposited with the
files in the Clerk's office.
That part of the report of the committe of the whole
re:~pe£ting tonnage, was then resumed—upon which Mr
Jackson proposed, that the sum of jo cents on foreigr
tonnage of nations in alliance, should be flruck out, anc
2oinferted. —This produced a long debate, (ketches ol
which (hall appear in ourjiext.—No decision was had
upon the proposition, when the House adjourned.
NEW-YORK, MAY 6.
THE PRESIDENT'] HOUSEHOLD.
WHEREAS, all Servants anil others, employed to procure Pro
v'fiors, or supplies, for the Household of The President of th<
Unit ed States, will be furnifhcd with moniesforthofe purposes,
Notice IJ therefore given, That no Accounts, lor the payment of which
lie Public might be considered as refponable, are to be opened wits
any of them. Samiil Fraunces, Sttaiard of the Household.
May 4th t 1789.
We are happy to inform our readers, in addition to the preced
ing Notification,that weundcrftand The President is determined
ed to puifue that f; fie in of regularity and economy in hit house
hold, which has always marked his public and pi ivate life. As :
oroof of this we learn, That the Steward is obliged, by his article:
of agreement, to exhibit, weekly, a fair statement of the receipts
>nd expenditures of monies by him, for and on account ot 1 hi
President's Household, to such person as The President ma\
appoint to mfpeS the fame ; together with the several bills and re
ceipts of payment for those articles which maybepurchafed byhmi
where such bills and receipts can be obtained And it is l.kewif,
tronelv inculcated upon the Steward, to guard againftany waste o
xtravjgance, that might be committed by the lcrvants ot the family
The Pa esident of the United States, on the day of his inau
guration, appear id dressed in a cwftete•fuit oj Homespun ClGaths ;
but the Cloth was of so fine a fau.iic, and so handsomely f;-
nished, thai i' Jjas univc rjally nijlakekfor a foreign maaufudurtdfu.-
perjine-Cloth. This fact,the 'Editor fetes, uillTipohgizjC' fp) his not
having mentioned, in /us taji. a £, akich tnjjl.be
ccvfidefcdas not onlyfiaitning tocur Man l fact uk ers farlv.xlarft
but interefling to our Coukirvjiln t n generd/. 4 ..
His Excellency The Vi ce-Pr esmunt, appears alio in a suit ©£» .•"
American Mshufaflure—and fcvtral Members of both Houses aie
by»the Tame token of artcnt on to tie mmuFaCttiring
iatereftof their country.
From this.bright Era, fee Colunwia rift' * '
Her Empire prop'd b, him who > ireh'd the Skies !
Fre dom and hdependence—AßTS, aid Peace,
Shall crown the Scene till fine and Nature ceife.
By accounts from Boston it appears, that the Trad'fke* and Ma
nufaclurers of that metropolis, a. - following the patno.ic example of
Ltic: r b. thrcn of Bultimoie, Philadelphia, and Ncw-Yojk, in oflb
ciating t\?r the promoting of the of the UnioH : They
all are turniftg tneir attention to the Giand Council of the Nrsticn, as
tiie only adequate fourceof relief—thepropof their h pr, and from
vvhofc power alone, such great NATION ALOIiJECTS can receive
competent encouragement, lupport and protection.
Tne Duck Manufacture in Boston, is patroniz-d by gentlemen of _ ■
the firlfc character and fortune in that p'aCe; «nd there is the greatest
lrob:;t)ii'ty, that the ra vi ration of thai State, will in a !. j w years, be -
rafted to every quarter of the globe, by canvas from the American
The Manufacturing House CorDitckin Boston, is pleafahtly ri;ua
:ed at the South Weft part of the town.
The building is 180 feet lone; —two stories high—the upr>er part
is improved by the spinners of the chains, or warp of the Duck—
lxtetn young women, and as many gnl* 5 under the directiou of a
steady mairon, are here employed.
In the lower part there are twenty-eight Looms, which can turn
aut two pieces of Duck: of 40 yards each, pr. we<-k.
This Manufa&ure is a very great public benefit, as it employs a
great number of the poor.
Yesterday the Company fit The PRisident's house, was ex
tremely numerous and refpettablc.
The late intimation, that a GREAT PERSONAGE, will riot
expe£t tilits on Sundays, has received the appteufe of all orders of
citizens: The f, rious part of the community feel highly gratified
in this mark of refpe& to what they con ider a DiV 1 N'h IN
JUNCTION —while those, who do not re:i.£ upon the fubjeft
lb solemn a point of view, yet, as good m mbc isof society, th.-y
rejoice in thrctrcumftance as fanttioninj a wife and political mllU
tution.—Happv talent ! of adopting such regulations, as meet the
Ipprobation ot all ciafl< s, and give ollen:e to none.
The-public addreffts pref:nted to "THE PRESIDENT of the
United States, wear a different complexion from o?i
simitar occzfions, heretofore offered to diftinrovih characters : It
has been remarked, that these addrdlt* are replete with the im
preilivt sentiments of the heart, a.id produce corresponding fenfa
t ois in the minds ot every reader.
A National ft ir it d:ftinguifhes and adorns the prcfent age—lt is
difcoveitd ir. , rivate circ. ■>. in village in towns, and cities—lt
11-.ines in the ads and doings of the associated bodies ot mecha
n:cs, farmers, and me i hants, by their emulation, industry, and
rnterprize, by their improvements in arts, agriculture, manufact
ures and patriotic contributions ahd exertions, to pmnv.te plans of
ffc&lic Utility ; but the full force and * ! ory of this SPIRIT bla7es
with meridian lustre in the great national council, wnrre, even lo
cal interns are advocated only upon NATIONAL PRINCI
PLES, and as they may ultimately advance the happiness and prof
pcntyof the Union.
The la ft Post brought us the full number of the COURIER DE
BOSTON, a paper, publilhed at Boston, in the French language,
By M. J. P. D£ Nancrede.
The utility of such a properly conduced and fbpported,
Will be very generally allowed : Theacquifition of the French Lan
guage, is now become an object of importance, and to have the
news, politics, occurrences* See. detailed inthat language, will prove
a medium of acquiring the French tongue, wth the happiest facility.
In The President's Speech to both Houfcs of Cor.grefs, publifhtd
In our lasl —lafl col. 3d pige,for " concluded," read included.
Wine, Madeira, - - l7 f- a *8/8.
Lisbon, - - 9./4*
Port. - - 9/4>
— Faval, - - - 4/
Rum, Jamaica, - - 4f.
Windward Ifbnd, - 3/«.
Salt, firft Quality, - - 2/8. Bufhela
— — Lisbon, - IJO. Ditto.
Tobacco, James-River, - - per C.
Sugar, in Grain, - - 72^
Lump, - - - 11^10.
Loaf, - - - ifi.
Brandy, - - 3 a 4-
Biflcct—Ship Bread, - - 26/8 a 3°/.C.
Plank, - 53/4 a *°f'
Butter, - - - Bd.
Coffee, - - 1 _/p.
Cotton, - - 1 ft.
Cocoa, - \o6fß C.
Candles, Tallow, - - Bd.
Spermaceti, - - 3/4-
Flour, Fine, - - 45/4-
2d Quality, - - 37y 4°-
Flaxfeed, - - 6jo Bulhel.
Codfifti, Salted, - - 18f 8. C.
MolafTcs, - - if 7 Gallon.
Upon London, Bills 5 per Cent, advance.
At the Port of Neio- York.
Saturday, Brig Hembcre:, Cadiz, 102 days.
Schooner Pilgrim, Robins, Baltimore, 8 days- t
Edward j Smith, Shelburne, 8 days.
Sally, Mann, Edenton, 7 days.
Schooner Esther, Swift, do. 7 days.
Sunday, Schooner Sincerity, White, Baltimore, 8 days.;
Lively, Major, Shelburne # 13 days.
Sloop Brother , Walton, Digby, 13 days.
Monday, Ruth, Smith, St. Croix, 20 days.
Tuesday, Brig Columbia, Brown, St. 18 days.
In future f this Paper will be printed and pub'fhed at No. 9, Mai
dai'Lant) near the Ofixego Market.
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