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On Monday last, at half past 12 o'clock, the
ship Massachusetts, of 800 tons,was launched at tiraintree, in the view of above fix tlioufand jpectators —whom the scene—the agreeable and rural lituation of the place where lhe was built and the finenefs of the day drew together, from this and the bordering towns. Of this number, the ladies made not a small part, and being seated on the neighboring hills, and the banks of the ri ver as far as the eye could reach, formed as beau tiful a profpecftas could well be imagined. What added to the pleasure of the fpeftators was, the order which reigned among Lhe workmen, and the perfedt neatness with which the ihip flipt fron her ways into her devoted element. September 24. A brilliant action Was perform ed yelterday 011 board the Leopard, of 74 guns, belonging to the French fleet, now in this har bour: A cabin boy, belonging to the ship, un fortunately fell into the water, and was in the utmolt danger of being drowned ; the First-Lieu tenant, Mr. Scotts, happened at that moment, to be walking the quarter-deck, when he was informed of the accident—the calamity was ur gent —and he accordingly, without waiting to undress, instantly plunged into the sea, at the distance of at leall 25 feet from the furface of the water, and happily, at the hazard of his own life, preserved that of the boy, who, in all pro bability would have otherwise perished. This event does the highest honor to the courage and sensibility of the gentleman, who is intitled to the thanks of every friend of humanity, for this man ly and intrepid exertion. CONGRESS OF the UNITED STATES. Begun and held at the City of New~York, on Wednesday the Fourth of March, One Thousand Seven Hundred and Eighty-Nine. THE Conventions of a number of the States hav. ing at the time of their adopting the Consti tution, exprefled a desire, in order to prevent misconstruCtion or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and reftridtive clauses should be added And as extending the ground of public confidence in the government, will bed insure the beneficent ends of its inftituiion— Resolved, by the Senate and Hotife of Rcprcfcnta tives of the United States of America in Congress af fimbled, two thirds oj both Houses concurring, That the following articles be proposed to the Legis latures of the several States, as amendments to the Constitution of the United States, all or any of which articles, when ratified by three fourths of the said Legislatures, to be valid to all intents andpurpofes, as part of the said Constitution, viz. Articles in addition to, and amendment of, the Constitution of the United States of America, proposed byCongrefs, and ratified by the Legis latures of the several States, pursuant to the fifth article of the original Constitution. Article i. After the firft enumeration re quired by the firft article of the Constitution, there/hall be one Representative for every thirty thousand, until the number fliall amount to one hundred, after which the proportion (hall be so regulated by Congress, that there shall be not less than one hundred Representatives, nor less than one Representative for every forty thou sand persons, until the number of Representa tives shall amount to two hundred, after which the proportion shall be so regulated by Congress, that there shall not be left than two hundred Re presentatives nor more than one Representative for every fifty thousand perfoiis. Article 2. No law varying the compen sation for thefervices of the Senators and Repre sentatives, shall take effeift, until an election of Representatives fliall have intervened. Article 3. Congress fliall make no law re fpedting an establishment of religion, or pro hibiting the free exercise thereof, or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press ; or the right of the people peaceably to aflemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grie vances. Article 4. A well regulated militia being neceflary tothe security of a free State,the right of the people to keep and bear arms fliall not be infringed. A • • ■Article j. No soldier fliall, intimeofpeace, be quartered in any house, without the confeni of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a man ner to be prescribed by law. Article 6. The right of the people to be se cure in their persons, houses, papers, and ef fects, against unreasonable fearchesand seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall ifl'ue, out upon probable cause supported by oath 01 affirmation, and particularly describing the place |o and the persons or things to be Article 7. No person fliall be held to answer tor a capital, or otlierwife infamous crime, un less on a prefentnient or indictment by a grand J ur y, except in cases arising in the land and na val forces, or in the militia when in adtual service 111 t,me of war or public danger ; nor fliall any Person be fubjeci for the fame offence to be twice P ut in jeopardy of li fe or limb; nor shall be com pelled in any criminal cafe, to be a witness against "nifelf, llor kg deprived of life, liberty or pro perty, without due process of law ; nor fliall pri vat 4 property be taken for public use without just compensation. Article 8. In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and diftaift wherein the crime shall have been committed, which diftrift shall have been pre viously afcertainfed by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of his accusation ; to be con fronted with witnefles against him j tohavecom pulfory process to obtain witnefles in his favor, and to have the afliilance of counsel for his de fence. Article 9. In suits at common law, where the value in controversy (hall exceed twenty dol lars, the right of trial by jury shall be preierved, and no faift, tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined by any court in the United States, than according to the rules of common law. Article 10. Exceflive bail shall not be re quired, nor exceflive fines imposed, nor cruel aud unusual punishments inflicted. Article ii. The enumeration in the Consti tution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. Article 12. The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohi bited by it to the States, are reserved to the States refpeftively, or to the people. FREDERICK AUGUSTUS MUHLENBERG. Speaker of the Houje of Repiefentatives. JOHN ADAMS, Vice-Prefdent of the United State!, and President oj the Senate. ATTEST, John Beckliy, Clerk of the Houfc of Reprefmtitives. Samuel A Otis, Secretary oj the Senate. ACTS and RESOLUTIONS of the Congress of the United States, pafled the firft Session, —begun and held at the city of New-York, March 4th, 1789. 1. An ast to regulate the time and manner of adminiltering certain oths. 2. An ast for laying a duty on goods, wares and merchandizes, imported into the United States. 3. An ast imposing duties on tonnage. 4. An ast for establishing an executive depart ment, to be denominated the department of fo reign affairs. 5. Ai act to regulate the collection of the du ties imposed by law on the tonnage of ships or veflels, and on good, wares, and merchandize, imported into the United States. 6. An ast for fettling the accounts between the United States, and individual States. 7. An ast to ellablifh an executive department, to be denominated the department of war. 8. An ast to provide for tlie government of the territory north weft of the river Ohio. 9. An ast for the establishment and support of light-houses, beacons, buoys and public piers. 10. All ast providing for the expences which may attend negociations or treaties with the In dian tribes, anatlie appointment of commiflioners for managing the fa.ne. 11. An ast for registering and clearing veflels, regulating the coasting trade, and for other pur poses. 12. An ast to eftabliflithe treasury department. 13. An ast for establishing the salaries of the executive officers of government, with their aflif tants and clerks. 14. An ast to provide for the fafe keeping of the acts, records and seal of the United States, and for other purposes. iy. An ast to suspend part of an ast, entitled, " An ast to regulate the collection of the duties imposed by law 011 the tonnage of ships or veflels, and on goods, wares and merchandize imported into the United States," and for other purposes. 16. An ast for the temporary eftabliflnnent of the Post Office. 17. An ast for allowing compensation to the members of the senate and house of reprefenta tives,and to the officers of both lioufes. 18. An ast for allowing certain compensation to the judges oftliefupremeand other courts, and to the attornev-ofeneral of the United States. O 19. An ast for allowing a compensation to the President and Vice President of the United States. 20. An ast to establish the judicial courts of the United States. 21. An ast to recognize and adapt to the con stitution of the United States the eftabliflnnent of the troops railed under the resolve of the United States in Congress aflembled,and for other purposes therein mentioned. 22. An act to explain and amend an ast, entitl ed, " an ast for registering and clearing veflels, regulating the coasting trade, and for other pur poses." 23. An ast m aking appropriations for the service of the pr efent year. 24. An ast to allow the Baren de Glaubeck the pay of a captain in the army of the United Stares. 25. An ast to regulate procefles in the courts of c he United States. 26. An ast providing for the payment of the invalid pensioners of the United States. 27. All astro alter the time for the next meet ing of Congress. A resolve for executing the survey directed by Congress in their ast of June the 6th, 1 788. A resolve for procuring from time to time the statutes of the several Hates. A resolve to provide for the fafe-keeping of prifonerscommited under authority of the United. States. A resolve for continuing John White, John Wright, and Jofliua Dawfon in office until the 4 h of February, 1759. Arefolution piopofing amendments to the con stitution of the United Stares. NEW-YORK, OCTOBER 3. His Excellency the Governor, with the consent of the Council of Appointment, has been pleased to appoint Richard Varick, Esq. Mayor, and Samuel Jones, Esq. Recorder, of this city ; and Aaron Burr, Esq. Attorney General ofthis State. And at the late election for Charter Officers in this city, the following gentlemen were elecfted - South-Ward. Jeremiah Wool, Aldarman— John Van Dyk, Assistant. Dock Ward. Wynant Van Zandt, Alderman; Peter T. Curtenius, Assistant. East Ward. DanielM'Cormick, Alderman— John Pintard, Assistant. West Ward. Isaac Stoutenburgh, Alderman —William I. Elfworth, Assistant. North Ward. John Wylley, Alderman— George Janeway, Assistant. Montgomery Ward. Theophilus Beekman, Alderman—Tobias Van Zandt, Assistant. Out Ward. Nicholas Bayard, Alderman— Stephen M'Crea, Assistant. The present year is the most remarkable that the annals of time have produced. No other per iod of equal extent is marked with such efforts of the human mind to encreafe and perpetuate hu man happiness. Look at and compare the situa tion of the United States now and twelvemonths past ! How much has been accompliftied, and with what wlfdom and patriotifin have our affairs pro grefled! Many a patriot doubted whether the new government would have so readily afl'umed an operative appearance. Great were our fears that prejudice and discord would have infufed tliemfelves into our early attempts to put our sys tem in motion. All has terminated well. The government is organized, and the people are hap py- But America is not the only Theatre where improvements in the science of a happy govern ment have been displayed. France exhibits a noble specimen of a people determined to unite Liberty and Law. This is the great secret, and this is the peculiar felicity at which every wife na tion will aim ; and when they arrive at this desira ble point, glaring is the folly and base the treach ery of the man, who dares to blow up a flame of uneasiness and tumult. In this exa<ft point, do these favored States now reft, and may France, if her citizens can bear it, reach the fame fuinmir, and then may we all be quiet and contented. It appears from the Engliffi papers, that the flame which burst out in the capital of France, hasfpread all over the kingdom—The people ap pear to be actuated by one ele<ftric spark, which, while it affecfts the whole body of the citizens, pro duces the fame uniform exertions to overturn the too long eftabliflied system of despotism—The light that has flaflied upon their minds is in some instances too powerful to be controled by the di vine influences of rcafon and humanity—and the consequences have been shocking—but the philo sopher will reason from effeds to their causes— and while he regrets the temporary paroxysms of vengeance, he anticipates a calmer moment, when reflexion Ihall lull the fervor of zeal, and the force of vindictive retaliation—when in peace, freedom and happiness, the French nation fliall enjoy <he bounties of a beneficent Providence, in one of the fineft countries under Heaven. In the warmth of debate one day, in the Na tional Afleinbly, fays an Engliffi paper, the roy al authority, as exercised hitherto, was treated with very little ceremony. "HisMajefty," said one of the Members, " talks to us ofhis intended bounties to the nation, as if the rights of men were but the bounties of sovereigns !" The spark from the Altar ofLiberty in Ame rica, which has communicated its fire to France, has not expended its animating fervor. Look to your Inquisitions— to your racks—to your tortures —and to your religious tyranny, O Spain ! for the day of your emancipation cannot be far off—the right hand of your tyranny is cut off, and Free dom approaches to place her standard on the walls of your Inquisition. It any ottlie human race, individually, or col lectively confulered, were ever under obligations to the Governor of the Universe, the people of A mericaare bound to recognize such obligations. How suitable then is the duty, Ihortly to be re commended by our illustrious Chief Magistrate, of uniting with one heart, and one voice, in. prayer, praise and tliankfgiving " to the giv er ofevery good gift ! ARRIVALS. NEWYORK. Saturday, Ship Jenny, Smith, Amfte'dam, 53 days. Brig Vigilant, Fox, Bonnavifta, 49 days. Sunday, Sloop Betsy, Brooks, Philadelphia, 10 days. Monday, Sloop Adventure, Allen, Turks I Hand, 2odays. Ship Juno, Clark, Whaling.