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Gazette of the United-States. [volume] (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793, October 07, 1789, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030483/1789-10-07/ed-1/seq-1/

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[Mo. L 1.3.3
WHEREAS it is the duty of all nations to ac
knowlege the Providence for Almighty
God to obey his will, to be grateful to his be
nefits, and humbly to implore his protection and
favor : And whereas both Houses of Congress
have, by their joint committee, requested me
« to recommend to the People of the United
« States, a Day of public Thanksgiving and Pray
« er, to be observed by acknowledging with
" grateful hearts the many and signal favors of
" Almighty God, especially by affording them
" an opportunity peaceably to establish a form
« of government for their fafety and happiness."
Now therefore, I do recommend and aflign
Thursday the twenty-sixth day of November next,
to be devoted by the people of these States, to
the service of that great and glorious Being,
who is the beneficent Author of all the good that
was, that is, or that will be : That we may then
all unite in rendering unto him our sincere and
humble thanks for his kind care and protection of
the people of this country previous to their be
coming a nation \ —for the signal and manifold
mercies, and the favorable interpositions of his
providence in the eourfe and conclusion of the
late war ; —for the great degree of tranquility,
union and plenty, which we have since enjoyed ;
forthepeaceable and rational manner inwhich we
have been enabled to establish Constitutions of Go
vernment for our fafety and happiness, and parti
cularly the national one now lately instituted ; for
the civil and religions Liberty with which weare
blefled, and the means we have of acquiring and
dilfufing ufeful knowledge ; —and in general, for
all the great and various favors which he hath
been pleafecl to confer upon us.
And also, That we may then unite in most
humbly offering our prayers and supplications to
the great Lord and Ruler of Nations, and be
seech him to pardon our national and other trans
gressions ; —to enable us all, whether in public
or private stations, to perform our several and
relative duties properly and punctually ; —to ren
der our national government a blefling to all the
people, by constantly being a government of wife,
jnft and conftirational laws, discreetly and faith
fully executed and obeyed ; —to protect and guide
all sovereigns and nations, (especially such as
have fhewnkindnefs unto us) and to bless them
with good government, peace and concord ; —to
promote the knowledge and practice of true reli
gion and virtue, and the encreafe of science a
mong them and us ; —and generally, to grant un
to all mankind such a degree of temporal pros
perity as he alone knows to be best.
GIVEN under my Hand, at the city of New-
York. the third day of Ollober, in the Tear of
our Lord one thtufend seven hundred and
WHEREAS by virtue of powers given by the
United States in Congress aflembled, to Arthur
St. Clair, Governor of the territory north-weft
of the Ohio, and CommiflloJier Plenipotentiary
tor treating with the Indian nations in the north
em department, a Treaty was concluded at Fort-
Harmar, on the ninth day of January last pad, by
the said Arthur St. Clair, on the part of the
United States, with the Sachems, Chiefs and
Warriors of the Wyandot, Delaware, Ottawa,
Chippawa, Pattiwatima and Sac Nations.
WEDNESDAY, October 7, 17^9.
And whereas I have, by and with the advice and
consent of the Senate, in due form ratified the
said Treaty.—NOW Therefore, to the end that
the fame may be observed and performed with
good faith on the part of the United States, I have
ordered the said Treaty to be herewith published ;
and I do hereby enjoin and require all Officers of
the United States, civil and military, and all other
citizens and inhabitants thereof, faithfully to ob
serve and fulfil the fame.
GIVEN utider my Hand in the city of New-York,
this twenty-ninth day of September, in the
Tear of our Lord one thousand seven hundred
and eighty-nine, and in the thirteenth year of
the Sovereignty and Independence of the Uni
ted States.
By command of the Pnjiient of }
the United States of Amcrica, J
Secretary for the Department of War.
GEORGE WASHINGTON, President of the
United States of America.
WHEREAS a Treaty between the United
St atesandthe Wyandot, Dela w are,Ott wa
Chippewa, Pattawatima and Sac Nations of
Indians, was in due form made and concluded
at Fort-Harmar, on the ninth day of January
last part, by Arthur St. Clair, Governor of the
territory noTth-weft of the Ohio ; who was du
ly authorized thereto by the said States on their
part, and by the Sachems and Warriors of the
said Nations an their part : Which Treaty is in
the form and words following, viz.
ARTICLES of a Treaty made at Fort-Harmar, be
fmeen Arthur St. Clair, Governor of the Territory
of the United States north'weft of the river Ohio,and
CommiJJioner Plenipotentiary of the United States
of Amerisa; for removing allcaufes of contraverfy,
regulating trade, and fettling boundaries, with the
Indian nations in the northern department,of the one
part; and the Sachems and IV arriors of the Wyandot,
Dela-ware y Ottawa, Chippewa, Pattawatima and
Sac Nations, on the other part.
Article I. WHEREAS the United States in
Congress aflembled, did by their Commiifioners
George Rogers Clark, Richard Butler,and Arthui
Lee, Esquires, duly appointed for that purpose ;
at a Treaty holden with the Wyandot, Delaware,
Ottawa and Chippewa Nations, at Fort-M'lntoffi,
on the twenty-firit day of January, in the year
of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and
eighty-five, conclude a peace withthe Wyandots,
Delawares, Ottawas and Chippewas, and take
them into their friendfhip and protection : And
whereas at the said Treaty it was stipulated that
all prisoners that had been made by theirnations,
or either of them, Ihould be delivered up to the
United States : And whereas the said Nations,
have now agreed to and with the aforefaid Arthur
St. Clair, t*> renew and confirm all the engage
ments they had made with the United States of
America, at the before mentioned treaty, excepi
so far as are altered by these presents. And there
are now in the pofleffion of some individuals oi
these Nations, certain prisoners, who have been
taken by others not in peace with the said United
States, or in violation of the treaties fubiifting
between the United States and them ; the said
nations agree to deliver up all the piifoners now
in their hands (by what means soever they may
hare come into their pofleffion) to the said Go
vernor St. Clair, at Fort Harmar,or in his absence
to the officer commanding there, as soon as con
veniently maybe ; and for the true performance
of this agreement they do now agree to deliver
into his hands two persons of the Wyandot Na
tion, to be retained in the hands of the United
States as hostages until the laid prisoners are re
stored; after which they {hall be sent back to
their Nation.
Article 11. And whereas at the before mention
ed treaty it was agreed between the United States
and said Nations, that a boundary line ffiould be
fixed between the lands of those Nations and the
territory of the United States; which boundary
is as follows, viz.—Beginning at the mouth of
Cayahoga river, and running thence up the said
river to the portage between that and the Tufca
rawa branch of Mufkingum, then down the said
branch to the forks at the croffingj-place above
Fort-Lawrence, thence westerly to the portage
on that branch of the big Miamariver which runs
info the Ohio, (at the mouth of which branch the
rPublijhed on Wednesday and Saturday. j
fort stood which was taken by the French in the
year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and
fifty-two,) ihen along the said portage t3 the
Great Miami or Omie river; and down the south
east fide of the fame to its inouth ; thence along
the southern shore of Lake Erie to the inouth of
Cayahoga, where it began And the said Wy
andot, Delaware, Ottawa and Chippewa Nations,
for and in confederation of the peace then grant
ed to them by the said United States, and the
presents they then received, as well as of a quan
tity of goods to the value of fix thousand dollars,
now delivered unto them by the said Arthur St.
Clair, (the receipt whereof they do hereby ac
knowledge) do by these presents renew and con
firm the said boundary line; to the end that the
fame may remain is a division line between the
lands of the United States of America, and the
lands of said Nations, for ever. And the un
dersigned Indians do hereby in their own names,
and the names of their refpecftive Nations and
Tribes, their heirs and descendants, for the con
(lderation above mentioned, release, quit-claim,
relinquiih and cede to the said United States, all
the land east, south and weft of the lines above
defcribcd, so far as the said Indians formerly
claimed the fame ; for them thefaid United State®
to have and to hold the fame in true and abfoluto
propriety for ever.
Article 111. The United States of America do
by these prefentsrelinquifliand quitclaim to the
said Nations refpetftively, all the lands lying be
tween the limits above described, for them the
said Indians to live and hunt upon, and other
wise to occupy as they shall fee fit: But the said
Nations, or either of them, shall not beat liber
ty to fell ordifpofe of the fame, or any part there
of, to any sovereign power except the United
States ; nor to the fubjei. or citizens of any other
sovereign power, nor to the fubjetfts or citizens
of the United States.
Article IV. It is agreed between the said United'
States and the said Nations, that the individuals
of the said Nations lhall be at liberty to hunt with
in the territory ceded to the United States, with
out hindrance or molestation, so long as they de
mean tliemfelves peaceably and offer no injury or
annoyance to any jf the subjects or citizens ofthe
said United States..
Article V. It is agreed that if any Indian or In
dians of the Nations before mentioned, fliall com
mit a murder or robbery on any of the citizens of
the United States, the Nation or tribe to which the
offender oelongs, on complaint being made, /hall
deliver up the person or persons complained of,
at the nearest post of the United States ; to the
end that he or they may be tried, and if found
guilty, punished according to the laws establish
ed in the territory of the United States north
west of the river Ohio, for the punishment of
such offences, if the lame shall have been commit
ted within the said territory ; or according to the
laws of the State where the offence may have
been committed, if the fame has happened in
any of the United States. In like manner if any
fubjetft or citizen of the United States shall com
mit murder or robbery on any Indian or Indians
of the said Nations, upon complaint being made
thereof, he or they shall be arrested, tried and
punished agreeable to the laws of the State or of
the territory wherein the offence was committed ;
that nothing may interrupt the peace and har
mony now established betwen the United States
and said Nations. •
Article VI. And whereas the pradiice of stealing
horses has prevailed very much, to the great diA
quiet of the citizens of the Uniced States, and
if persisted in can not fail to involve both the
United States of America and the Indians in end
less animosity, it is agreed that it shall be put
an entire stop to on both fides ; nevertheless,
fhouldfome individuals in defiance of this agree
ment, and of the laws provided against such of
fences, continue to make depredations of that
nature, the person convicted theieof shall be
punished with the utmost severity the laws of the
refpecflive States, or territory of the United States
north-weft of the Ohio, where the offence may
have been committed will admit of: And all
horses so ftclen, either by the Indians from the
citizens or fubjeftsof the United States, or by the
citizens or fubjecfls of the United States from
any of the Indian Nations, may be reclaimed,
into whose poflefiion foeverthey may have pasTed,
and upon due proof shall be restored ; any sales
in Market Ouvert, notwithstanding. Andtheci
vil magistrates in the United States refpetftively,
and in the territory of the United States north
west of the Ohio, shall give all aid and
protection to Indians claiming such stolen horses.
Article VII. Trade fliall be opened with the
said Nations, and they do hereby refpetftively
cn £ a £ e t0 afford protection, to the persons and

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