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ciples, which ought to be the bafts, on Which thfi
liberty and happiness of die public muftbe raifecl. " That the King has acquired greater rights than ever to the confidence of his faithful T'ub je<fts. " That not only he has hinjfelf invited them to claim their liberty and their rights, but has al so, to gratify thewifhes ofthis Alieinbly, remov ed all grounds for diflruit, that might alarm the people — " That he fentback from the capital, the troops, whose presence had spread a terror through it " That he lent back from his presence the Mi nisters and advisers, who had occalioned so much inquietude to the nation at large— " That he has recalled thole, whose return was wilhed for by his people— " That he came into this Aflembly like a fa tlier among his children, and called upon it to assist him in saving the State— " That led by the fame sentiment, he went ro Iris capital, and mixed with his people, to re move, by his presence, the grounds of fear, which they might have entertained— " That in this perfect harmony and under standing between the head of the Nation and its representatives, after the happy union of the three orders, the attention ofthis Aflembly is di rected, and will continue to be directed to the oreat objecft of a National Conllitution— " That any diftrulV, which should interrupt or disturb the harmony, that at present so happily reigns between all the orders and their head, would impede the progress of this great work, defeat the patriotic intentions of the King, and give a fatal blow to the general intcrelV of the Nation at large, as well as to the particular inte rest of every individual, of whom it is composed. " That there is riot a member of the commu nity who ought not tofhudder at the bare idea of the confuhon that would ensue.—The difper llon of families—the interruption and suspension of trade—the poor deprived of relief—all labor at a stand—and the general subversion of all order and government, would be the fatal but inevita ble conl'equences of such a distrust. " The National Aflembly taking all these cir cumstances into its molt serious consideration, holds out to the whole Nation an invitation to peace and harmony, to the maintenance of order and good government. It invites tliofe who glo ry in the name of Frenchmen, to clierilh that confidence which they ought to place in their King andtheir Representatives, and ro fljew that refpet't for the laws, without which there can be no true liberty. " It declares, at the fame time, that tliofe who, invested with power have been, or by their crimes may be the cause of public calamities, ought to be accused, convicted, and punished ; but that it is only by law thatthey should be tried and punish ed, and that the law should protect their per sons, until it has pronounced their judgment. " That the prosecution of crimes against the Nation, belongs to the Nation's Representatives. " And that this Aflembly, in framing the Con stitution which now occupies its attention, will take care to provide a proper tribunal, for the trial of persons accused of crimes of this nature ; and to point out the manner in which such pro fccutions /hall be condmfted, laying it down as a principle, that publicity shall be inseparably an nexed to all such trials." The fentiinents and opinions contained in this resolution or address to the nation, are not tliofe of a mad reformer, more intent npon pulling down than building up —They are worthy of a Philosopher and a Legislator, who knows that where there is 110 Law, there can be no govern ment—that innocence itfelf may be termed guilt l>y a mad populace, too much heated to be capa ble ofdifcerningbetween the one and the other, or at least of giving that calm and patient hear mgwhich Justice calls for, and the Law enjoins. This resolution, if it was the only one praise worthy in the political careerof Count Lally, would, even singly, be an eternal monument to his honor. PRICE CURRENT. NEW-YORK. Jamaica Spirits, ... 5/0. Antigua Ram, - 4^. St. Croix, do. - - Country, do. - - Molafles, - 2/2. <1 2/1. Brandy, - - - £ fa. Geneva, - 5J3. 80. in cases, - - 28f Mui covado Sugar, - - 7 8/T a 7 ?f. Loaf, do. - — 1/3. Lump, do. - - IJi£. Pcppn; ... 3 f Pimento, ... ?/i. a if. Coffee, . . 1/8. * 1/9. Indigo, (Carolina) - - \J. a 6f. - - £4f. a 23\f. Superfine Flour, - - - 4 g/7 C ommon do. - - a 4,5 f. Rye do. - . _ 26f. a 2jf. Indian Meal, - - . ißf • - 4pr. bojli. Corn, ' (Southern) - " 4/! Do. (Northern.) - 4/3. a 4f6. firft qualify, - . 48f. a 50/. Second quality, - - 4c,f. Pork, firft quality, - - 81fo. ~ Second quality, - - 76/6- Carolina Tobacco, - odL a 5/. Virginia , . . ±d. a NEW-YORK, OCTOBER 7. ERRATA. (pf* In the PROCLAMATION, firft column of this papery there are Two Errors of the Press, which the reader is desired to correct, viz. 2d line, read " Providence —3d line* read " grateful for." We hear that Jonathan Uurrall, Esq. is appointed aflift ant Poft-Maiter-General—and Sebastian BaumaNi tfq. Post- Master for this city. Wi f e Legislators in all ages of the world) have intimately asso ciated the principles of virtue with the principles of government) and whether it is an ejfeft) flowing from its proper caufe —or whe ther it is to be attributed to the fpccial favor of the Deity > exper ience demonstrateS) that public virtue, and public happiness, have always been found to flourifli together: There is no security for the general tranquility—for a iteady and uniform obedience to the laws) on the part of the people, or for the fidelity and honor of those who administer the government, like a principle of re verence for the Deity : How highly favored then is our country> at the prcfent aufpicjous period, in having those to govern, who re commend by precept and Example, a devout acknowledgement of our dependence upon the Creator and Lord of all, for every private, social, and public blefling j Look to the European world, there meagre famine stalks thro the land, while civil discord follows clofj in the rear—the Dogs of War spread havoc wide, in other ill fated realms, to fate the lust of ambition, and give atalfe 111 ft re to the Diadem of despotism— The wretched peasantry are dragged from their peaceful abodes, and have their mangled corses strewed o'er the extended field of or piled like rubiih in the yawning ditch—the fields disro bed of their verdure lie uncultivated and barren, while universal ruin forms one horrid scene : There the revolutions in government produce proferiptions and maflacres, while the cause of Freedom hangs suspended on the vibration of opinion.—Contfaft the above with the situation of the United States, and fay if we have not rea son to admire and adore—Peace and plenty crown our toils—an exuberance of the rich gifts of Providence is ours-t-Freedom per vades our country, and laws and government give the rich blefling permanency and security—we have found the art of making revo lutions without confulion, and of establishing the rights of human ity without disturbing the public tranquility—Happy America— May'fl thou still be wife to discern the things that belong to thy peace—and be grateful to the giver of every good gift. Tho under a defpoticand arbitrary government informers may be odious, as they are generally actuated by the inoft mercenary motives—yet under a tree government, the support of which de pends upon the Revenae, every good and honest man will think it honorable and praise worthy to dete& those frauds and 1111- positions, which haveeventually, no tendency to leflen public bur dens, but to encreafe their weight and preflure on the fair and up right trader : Philadelphia has fct a laudable example in this res pect, tor guarding the conlcientiousand ftri&ly honeit dealer from the effects of those fliamcful evasions of the la ws which the un principled practice, is protefling thole who pi op the government Every government depends on its own inherent energy for its efficacy and relpe&ability : It will be a long time before many of mankind will think that they cannot promote their own interest by violating the laws. EXTRACT. Should if ever come to pafsthat corruption, like a dark and low hung mill, should spread from man to man, aud cover these lands —Should a general diflolution of manners prevail—Should vice be countenanced ,andcommunicated by the leadersof f fliion—Should it come to be propogated by ministers among legislators, and by the legislators among their constituents—Should guilt lift up its head without fear of reproach, and avow itfelf in the face of the fun, and laugh virtue out of countenance by force of numbers- Should public duty turn public strumpet—Should (hops come to be advertized, where men may dispose of their honor and honesty at so much pr. ell—Should public markets be opened for the pur chase of consciences, with an 0 yes ! we bid most to those who set themselves, their trusts, and their country to sale! If such a day, I fay, fliould ever arrive, it will be Dooms-day, indeed, to the virtue, the liberties, and the Constitution of these States. It would be the fame to Am erica as it would happen to the Uni verse fliould the laws of co-hefion cease to operate, and all the parts be diflipated, whose orderly connexion now forms the beauty and Commonwealth of Nature : Want of goodness in the materials can never be supplied by any art in the building : A constitution ofPußLic Freemen can never confifl of PR IV at fc TOOLS OF PROSTITUTION. There appears in the publications from France, a spirit of originality,pathos and vivacity, which strongly indicates the conscious state of freedom to which the people of that country find them selves exalted.—Under all the disadvantages that their men of genius have had to encounter, still their performances, on almost every fubjecft, have carried the palm, even among their proud neigh bors the Britifli, whose prefles have longgroaned with French translations : and there is no doubt but that mankind will be taught something new by this enlightened nation, on the fubjeds of liberty and the rights of man. " Col. Henry Sherburne, of Newport, lately manumitted a prime Have, of about 33 years of a<re. Such arts of humanity (many of which have raken place) by the late American army, give frefh verdure to their laurels acquired in the field, and furniflithefureft pledges to their country for the future conduct of the Cincinnati." DESCRIPTION Of THE B A STILE. The following Description of the Baflilc PriJo>:, in France (which has lately been destroyed by the populace) is extracted from the philanthro pic Mr. Howard's State of Foreign Prisons. I AM happy (fays Mr. Howard) to be able to give some information of the Baftile, by means of a pamphlet written by aperfon who was long confined in this prison. It is reckoned the beil account of this celebrated ftruiiture everpublifhed. This castle is a Urate prison, confiding of eight very strong towers, surrounded with a f'ofle about: 120 feet wide, and a wall 60 feet high. The en trance is at the end of the street of Sr. Antoine, by a drawbridge, and great gates into the court of 1' Hotel du Government ; and from thence over another drawbridge to the Corps de Garde, which is separated by a ftroijg barrier, conftm<fted with beams plated with iron, from the great Court. This court is about 120 feet by 80. In it is a foun tain, and fix of the towers surround it, which are united by walls of freeflone ten feet thick up to the top. At the bottom of this courtls a large modern Corps de Logis, which separates it from t lie Court du Puits. This court is 50 feet by 2J. Contiguous to it are the other two towers. Oil the top of the towers is a platform continued in. terraces, on which the prisoners are sometimes permitted to walk, attended by a guard. On this platform are thirteen cannons mounted,which are discharged on days of rejoicing. In the Corps de Logis is the council chamber, and the kitchen, offices, See.—above these arerQoms for the priso ners of diftintftion ; and over the council chamber the King's Lieutenant relides. In the Court du Puits is a large well for the use of the kitchen. The Dungeons of the tower de la Liberte ex tend under the• kitchen, &c. Near that tower is a small chapel on the ground floor. In the wall of it are five nitches, orclofets, in which pri soners are put, one by one, to hear mass, where they can neither fee nor befeen. The dungeons at the bottom of the towers ex hale the molt offenfive scents, and are the recep tacles of toads, rats, and other kinds of vermin. 111 the corner of each is a camp made of planks laid 011 iron bars that are fixed to the walls, and the prisoners are allowed fomeftrawto lay on the beds. Those dens are dark, having 110 win dows, but openings into the ditch : they have dou ble doors, the inner ones plated with iron, with large bolts and locks. Of the five clafles of chambers, the 1110 ft horrid, next to the dungeon, are those in which are cages of iron. There are three of them. They are formed of beams with strong plates of iron, and are each eight feet by fix. The calottes, or chambers, at the top of the towers, are somewhat more tolerable. They are formed of eight arcades of free-ftones. Here one can not walk but in the middle of the room. There is hardly fufficient space for a bed from one arcade to another. The ■windows, bein«;i;i walls ten feet thick, and having iron grates with in and without, admit but little light. In these rooms, the heat is exceflive in fu:nmer, and the cold in winter. They have ftovee. Almost all the other rooms (of the towers) are ocflagons, about 20 feet in diameter, and 14 to 1; high. They are very cold and damp. Each is furnifhed with a bed of green serge, &c. All the chambers are numbered. The prisoners are call ed by the name of their tower joined to the num ber of their room. A surgeon and three chaplains reside in the castle. If prisoners of note are dangerously ill, they are generally removed, that they may not die in this prison. The prisoners who die there are buried in the parifli of St. Paul, under the name of doineftics. A library was founded by a prisoner, who was a foreigner, and died in the Baftile the beginning of the present century. Some prisoners obtain permission to make the use of it. One of thecentinels on the inside of the castle rings a bell every hour, day and night, to give notice that they are awake ; and on the rounds 011 the outside of the castle they ring every quarter of an hour. I have (fay Mr. Howard) inserted so particular an account of this prison, chiefly with the design of inculcatinga reverence for the principles of a free constitution like our own, which will not permit in any degree the exercise of that defpo-r tifm, which has rendered the name of Baftile so formidable. I was defirousof examining it my felf ; and for that purpose knocked hard at the outer gate, and immediately went forward through the guard to the drawbridge before the entrance of the castle ; but while I was contem plating this gloomy mansion, an officer came out much i'urprized ; and I was forced to retreat through the mute guard, and thus obtained hat freedom, which for one locked up within those walls, itis next to impoflible to obtain. NEW-YORK, October 7, 1789. The Stage Houfefor the Bojlon and Albany Stages is vow ut Mr. Isaac Norton's, No. 160, Queen Street—where pajjengers, and others* who may have bujtnefs with the proprietorj, will please to appl,, and where the names and eddrefs cfperfons arc received, ar.d tickets deliver" eJfor fer.tr.