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iciojial taxes are laid upon any particular per
sons abo.ve those of the eitablifhed worfliip : Pro perty is equally secured, and leases taken by all on fiinilar terms for any nuitfber of years by every iubjec't of the State. The Prelbyterian churches, however alone are allowed to have steeples, and the preachers of that profeflion are paid by go ternment, without tithes being imposed, or mi nisters money collected. The' American States, however, liave gone farther, for they allow the light of i'liffrage to citizens and landholders of every religious denomination, provided they are wrevioufly qualified by oath, enrolment, or fpe tified property. It is a very lingular circumstance, but not more lingular than true,that in theßullian empire there are more lkips of war than merchantmen. Theßullian merchantmen, built in RuJlia, and remaining the property of fubje&s of that em dire, do not exceed seventy. This will appeat the more surprising as the population of the Ruf fian empire exceeds 24,000,000 of inhabitants. The King of Pruflia is doing every thing in his power to lender himfelf extremely popular in Poland, and by means of his popularity to eftab -1 iin an influence there, that will make him matter of the councils of that country. With this view he lately cauled a medal to be struck, the fubjett of which alludes to certain measures which have lately taken place in Poland under the aufpicesof Prulfia, and particularly to tlie great augmentation of the army. This medal represents 011 one fide the Genius of Poland, holding a drawn sword, with this mot to —Propria Marte tuta—and 011 the exergue the following words, Auflo txercitu, 1739, On the other fide is a bull of the famous John Sobiefki, KingofPoland, with this motto, I rifca virtue felix —and round che bull these words, — Concordia Cnmitiorum Convocatorum, 1788. The Pruilian envoy at the court of Warsaw pre sented this medal, struck in gold, to his Polish Majesty, in the name ofthe King ofPrullia—and two others, in silver, to the two marshals of the Diet, in the name ofthe Monarch. These medals were struck at Berlin. The King has not been out of doors since liis removal to Paris. Heliasnot even amused hiin felf in his favorite exercise of walking, though the gardens of the Thuilleries hold out such a charming invitation. The terrors of a conspiracy, faidtobe formed in Paris, leilon daily, though the Parisians conti nue in the firm opinion that it was on the point to be carried into execution. The reportsoll this fubjetft have been greatly exaggerated, such as cloathing and arms having been found concealed for 1 j,OOO men, &c. not a tittle of which has an} truth. The city, however, has taken every pre caution, in the fame manner as if it was threaten ed, by mounting double and trebleguards in those quarters ofthe town molt fufpetfted. The gates were Jhut for several days during the search, and it is only two days since people were fuffered to pass in and out ofthe city without molestation or enquiry. The National Cockade is in future to be worn by all the troops in the kingdom without diltinc tion, and it is to be the fubftitutc for the white one. Thefervants of Paris have resolved to raise for the public use, the sum of one million of li tres, or about forty thoufaud guineas. AN AFFECTING EVENT. Lately were executed at Old Heath, neat Shrewsbury pursuant to their sentence at our lafl aflizes, Thomas Phipps, Esq. the elder, and Tho mas Fhipps, the younger (father and only son) oi Llwynmaplis, in this county, for forging and ut tering a note of hand for 2bl. purportingto be the note of Mr. Richard Coleman, of Of weltry, know ing the fame to have been forged. It was proved on the trial of these unfortnnatt gentlemen, that Mr. Coleman never had any trans actions with Mr. Phipps that required the signing of any note whatever. Thar about Chriflmas last, Mr. Coleman was served with a writ, by order of Mr. Phipps .it his own filit, which action Mr. C. defended ; that Mr. Phipps not supporting it, non pros was signed in the action, with al. 3s. costs ; whereupon Mr. Phipps and his son, with William Thomas, their clerk, made an affidavit, stating, that the note was for trefy>afs in carrying away some hay from off the land of one of Mr. Phipps' tenants, which Mr. Coleman had taken. M The affidavit is at full length in the printed trial, wherein it appears, that Phipps the elder swears only to a conversation with Coleman ; on which the Learned judge observed, the son appeared to have milled the father in rhe matter, Upon this affidavit the Court of Exchequer granted a rule to jlievv cause why the nonpros should not be ferafide. Mr. Coleman infilling that the note was a forge ry, the matter retted in suspense, till the event of tfiis prosecution. After a full hearing of the evidence on both fides, and the Jndge's charge to the Jury, the two Phipps's were pronounced guilty of uttering and ptibiifhing the note, know ing the fame to'be forged. The Judge immedi ately palled sentence of death upon them, and recommended the [ tiry to acquit William Thomas, who was according by found not guilty. Mr. Plnpps and his son, from the time of their condemnation till the morning of their execution, persisted in their innocence. However, before they left the goal, young Fhippsconfefl'ed thathe committed the forgery, avowing his father's in nocence of it, and ignorance of its being forged, when publiflied. They were taken in a mourn ing coach to the place of execution, accompanied by a clergyman, and another pious person, who attended them almost daily since their condemna tion. On their way to the fatal tree, the father said to the son, " Tommy, thou halt brought roe to this fhameful end, but I freely forgive thee." To which the son made no reply. It being re markable wet weather, thejJevotions were chiefly performed in the coach. When the awful moment arrived that they mull leave the fable vehicle, Mr. Phippsfaidto his son, " You have brought me hither, do you lead the way;" which the youth accordingly did, and In the mod composed manner ascended the ladder to a temporary fcaffold, erected on purpose, fol lowed by his father. When the devotions were finiihed, and the convitfis tied np, they embraced each other, and in a few moments the execution er let down the fcaffoJd and they were launched into eternity, amidst a vast concourse of deeply affected spectators, beholding a parent and child fuffering an ignominious deatii lor violating the laws of their country. Mr. Phipps was in his 47th year, and his son just 2oyearsof age, two days before his execution. TOR THE GAZETTE OF THE UNITED STATES. MR. FEN NO, DcJRING a short residence in England I be came acquainted with that celebrated Statesman, and Patriot, Mr. HARTLEY—who diftinguiihed himfelfby his opposition to those measures, which 101 l America to the Empire of Britain forever. He favored me with correcfl copies of Several Speeches made by him on important occasions which I now fend you for re-publication, that they may be preserved as monuments of the wis dom, penetration, and patriotism of the author —while they serve to exhibit the madness and folly of that ministry, who, with their eyes open, precipitated the Briiifli nation into a ruinous war, which the just and equitable politics of this gen tlemen, and his com-patriots, if they had been attended to, would have prevented. T. T. HOUSE of COMMONS, Feb. 27, 1775*. LONDON. LORD NORTH'S PROPOSITION. MR. HARTLEY. I AM called upon on this occasion particularly as I made a conciliatory proposition on this fub jeift of the American disputes to the House before Christmas, which I (hall, at a proper time, offer to the House as a regular motion. The proposi tion alluded to, was to make a free requisition to the colonies for a supply towards the expence of defending, protecting, andfecuring the colonies. The present motion is not free but compulsory it is attended with menacesand threats, therefore not a lenient or conciliatory measure, but only thrown out as such for a pretext. To fay, give me as much money as I wifti, till I fay enough, or I will take it from you, and then to call such a proposition conciliatory for peacc, is insult added to opprelfion. The proposition which I made be fore Christmas, was, what it appeared, a free re quisition. A requisition by a secretary of State is an ancient, legal, approved, constitutional way. It Urates the cafe, represents the services neceflary to be done, and requires the free aid of the fub jecflfor those neceflary services, leaving, as a con stitutional controul, to the fubjedt whose money is required, the judgment upon the neceflity of the services stated, and the right of appropriating the money so granted. How totally different from this proposition is that before us now, which fays neither more nor less than this—give me what 1 ask, leaving likewise the quantity to iny discre tion, or I will take it by force. Besides, this pro fition is a direift breach of faith towards America, who have been allured by a circular letter from the secretary of State, that his Majesty's ministers never meant,nor ever would entertain the thought of railing a revenue in America by taxing. This proposition before us is a direift breach of the public faith so pledged in America, by a circuj-.- letter from a secretary of state, in which his Ma' jefty's royal word was particularly plighted. The noble Lord's propofition,who was minister in this house when the above mentioned circular lette was written, is that we will forbear to taxjuftf u long as they will give us a revenue to our CO J tent. What is this if it |be not extorting a reve". nue by threats of taxing ? The only conceflibu contained in this proportion is, that it gives up at once the mode of our proceedings with Ameri ca for these lall ten years, as it confers that it would be proper to proceed in the way of requifi. tions. This proposition pretends to condemn the exercise of taxation before you have made are quifition at least, and have met with a refufal though by uniting them-in the fame proposition' it destroys the very nature of the requisition by making it compulsory. Let us enquire now whether ever North Ame rica did refufe to contribute to the common de fence upon requisition ; so far from it that tliev have contributed in cafe of necessity, even beyond their abilities, as the records of thanks to them, and retribution for the excels of the zeal and fidel ity, which ft and annually upon your journals during the late war, do fully and inconteftiblv prove. Throughout the whole course of this conteftfincethe war, they have over and over of fered to contribute to the neceflary supply when called upon in a conflitutionaliuay. 1 have extract ed proofs of these from addreftes, petitions, &c. for the whole period of the last ten years. Their petitionsyouhave thrown out of your doors—their repeated addreftes, remonstrances, letters, and memorials you have treated with contempt. 1 have now hand manyproofs that they have offered to pay upon requisition according to the ut 111 oft of their abilities, ifthoferequilitionswere made in a legal and constitutional way. I have collected offers of this kind, and I have got them from, I think, almost every colony. I can lliew them repeatedly from Mallachufetts Bay, from New-York, New-Jersey, Maryland, Virginia, Pennsylvania, Carolina, and these repeated from time to time during the whole of this contest. 1 have them in my hand, and will beg to read them to the House. [Reads them.~\ And to conclude the whole, North America aflembled at the conti nental congress pledge themselves, That whenever the exigencies oj the State Jbalt require a fuppl),tht) will, as they have always heretofore done, contribute their full proportion of men and money. The terms in which all these offers are expressed, are clear, uniform and explicit. All that they require, is, that they may stand upon the footing of freemen and free British fubjefts, and giving and granting their own money ; for these reasons I objeftto the motion before us, and shall, with thepermif fion of the House, endeavor to put the propofi. tion upon its proper grounds by another motion on fonie future day. UNITED STATES. PITTSBURG, November 28. BY Simon M'Grew lately from Detroit, we are informed, that while at that place, aveffet had arrived with cannon ant) stores forthegar rifon, which is now making very strong, and there is every appearance of an intention tohoM it against force. It is with regret we announce to the public, the death of the Hon. Samuel H. Parsons, one of the judges of the western territory. He had accompanied captain Hart as far as the Salt Licks, on his way to Giahaga, and was on his return, down Big Beaver creek, in a can® with one man, when coming over the falls, the can® was daflied to pieces,and they both were drowned. To delay the business of dividing the .Ohio Company lands, observes a correfpondeitt, woul not only be highly injurious to the propri etor ° generaly, but to many industrious families, that have long been anxiously waiting an event whici may accommodate them with the opportunity 0 purchasing small tratfts for plantations, and e coming settlers in that part of the western teirito ry, and certainly would deprive the company an acquiiition of inhabitants which'every fpimg embarkation upon the head waters (always con lifting of multitudes without any fixed dcftii iatloll J might enable them to obtain.