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FROM Till MASSACHUSETTS CUNT IN EL.
Boston, dec. 12. TWELFTH FEDERAL PILLAR. NORTH CAROLINA. It is with a great degree of fatisfartion wean bounce to the public, the RATIFICATION of the CONSTITUTION of the UNITED STATES by the refpetftable State of NORTH-CAROLI NA; the intelligence of -which agreeable event we received yesterday morning, by Capt. To si ah Bacon, mailer of the Peterjburgh Packet, in FIVE DAYS from North-Carolina. The particulars are : The Convention of North-Carolina met at Fa v etteville, the lit November, and after debating the Confhtution throughout, the 20th November the question of Ratification was put, and palled in the affirmative— YEAS, NAYS, 75 MAJORITY, 17S This intelligence was received at Edtnton, by express, on the eveningof the 30th of November. The next morning the colours belonging to the town, and on board the shipping were hoilted. At 'Twelve o'clock Twelve cannon were discharg ed, in honor of the several States in Union—and a collation provided for the fpetftators. Atthree o'clock, an elegant dinner was provided at the Merchant's Coffee-Ho uf'e, and after dinner the following toasts were drank . 1. The United States of America. 2. The President of the United States. 3. The Vice-President, and Officers of the Unit ed States. 4. The King of France, and French Nation. 5. All the powers of Europe, in alliance with America. 6. Our late Convention. 7. The Governor and State of North-Caro lina. 8. May the New Con stitution be a blessing to the people. 9. Commerce, Agriculture and Manufactures. 10. The Officers, Soldiers and Patriots, who diitinguifiied themselves in the late army. ' 11. The fair Daughters of Columbia. 12. May the State of Rhode-IJland follow the example of our late Convention. 111 the evening, Twelve large lantliorns were hoisted on the flag-Half belonging to the town ; the lanthorn of the Court-House, and several of the bouses, were beautifully illuminated; and a very large bonfire made at the back of the town. The bells of ( this town [Boilon] rung one hour on this*joyful occalion. OF NORTH-CAROLINA. The liiltory of this State, now the more intereft as h has become a member of the Union, is lets known than that of any of the other States. It was fettled in 1710, is 750 miles in length, and 110 in breadth—inhabitants 270,000, of which 60,000 are Negroes. The North-Caroliuians are inoftly Planters—their exports tar, pitch, turpen tine, rozin, Indian coin,peltry, lumber, tobacco, ginleng, snake root, &c. &c.—Agreeably to the Constitution, North-Carolina will fendfive Repre sentatives to Couorefs. O THE IMPORTANCE OF THE CLASSICS. AN EXTRACT FKOM DR. BLAIR. XT is in vain also to allcdge, that the reputation of the Ancient -i. Foets, and Orators, is owing to authority, to pedantry, and to the prejudices of education, transmitted from age to age. j n" " trUC 'i art t ' le Aut ' lors P' u ' nto our ha "ds at schools and colleges, and by that means wc have now an early prepollcf lion in their favor; but how came they to gain the pofTeffion of colleges and schools ? Plainly, by the high fame which these Au thors had among their own cotemporanes. For the Greek and Latin were not alwavs dead languages. There was a time, when Homer, V irgil,»nd Horace, were view'ed in the fame light as we now view Drydcn, Pope, and Addifon. It is not to commenta tors and universities, that the claflics are indebted for their fame. , . became dallies and school-books, in confequencc of the High admiration which was paid them by the bell judges in their own country and nation. As early as the days of Juvenal, who wrote under the reign of Domitian, we find Virgil and Horace Become the llandard books in the education of youth. Quot Jiabent putri, cum fetus decolor rjfet Flaccus. etharerct nigro juligo Marom. Sat. 7.* From this general principle, then, of the reputation of great a " cient Classics bc 'ng <0 early, so lasting, so universal, among all themoft polilhed nations, we may justly and boldly infer that •heir reputation cannot be wholly unjust, but mull have a solid foundation in the merit of their writings. Of corre£fc and finifhed writing in some works of taste, the moderns may afford ufeful patterns ; but for all that belongs to original genius, to spirited, masterly and high execution* our best and most happy ideas are, generally speaking, drawn from the Ancients. In Epic Poetry, for instance, Homer and Virgil, to this day, stand not within many degrees to any rival. Orators, uch as Cicero and Dcmofthenes, we have none. In history, not wit i landing some defers, which I am afterwards to mention in or ' ca * Plans, it may be fafely asserted, that we have UC j * or * ca l narration, so clegant, so pi&urefque, so anima ted, and interesting as that of Herpdotus, Thucydides,Xenophon, > lv y, Tacitus and Salluft. Although the conduct ot the drama may be admitted to have received lome improvements, yet for poetry and sentiment we have nothing to equal Sophocles and npides ; nor any dialogue in Comedy, that comes up to the corrett, graceful, and elegant simplicity of Terence. We have ?° UC ve as those of Tibullus ;no such pastorals as ! mC °. , °" ltus ' si and for Lyric Poetry, Horace stands quite riva er. The name cannot be iVientioned without J particular encomium. That " Curiofa Felicitas," which Pe "n.u as remarked in his ex predion ; the sweetness, elegance, anj fpmr <>t many of Ins Odes, thp thorough knowledge of the excellent Itfntimtnts,* and natural easy manner which diitinguilnes his Satyres «ind Epiltles, all contribute to render him one of thole very few authors who»n one never tires of reading; and rom whom alone, were every other monument destroyed, *\e iou!d he Fed to form a very high idea of the taste and genius of the Anguftan Age. ° To all such, then, as wish to form their taste, and nourish their genius, let me warmly recommend the afliduous study of the An cient dallies, both Greek, and Roman. h'oflurna verjate manu, verjate diurna. +■ Without a considerable Acquaintance -Wuh them, no man can be reckoned a polite scholar; and he wiil want many <tfliftances for vvntingand speaking well, which the knowledge of such Authors would oftord him. Any one has great reafori to fiifped his own tjfte, who receives little or no pleasure from the perusal of'Wri tmgs, which so many ages and nations have consented in holding up as objects of admiration. And I am persuaded, it will be ound, that in proportion as the Anciertts are generally studied and admired, or are unknown and disregarded in any country, good talte and good composition will flourifh, or decline. They aie commonly none but the ignorant or fuperficial, who Under value them. notes. Then t/,ou art bound to fmcU, on either hand y u am P y as fchoot-boys Jland, t Ij* RA C E Ho * rca d in his own fully'd book, s nd Virgil ' sjacred page was all befmear'd with smoke. , Dhyden. t k Read them by day—dndJludy them by night." From Mr. Loudon's paper ojyejlerday. rOR THE gazette of the united states. THE GUEST. \o. VII. " His greatest action which we find, (( " Wai, that he walh'd his hand j anddin'd." > V E aremiftaken," fays the Duke de Roche foucalt, "if we think that none but the more hot and violent palfions, such as love and ambition, do triumph over the reft. Laziness, as weak and languishing as it is, feJdom fails of subduing them. It gets the better ot all our defigus, and controuls all the atTtions of our life ; and both our passions and our virtues are, together consumed infenfiblv by It." h evv men have any idea, how great a proportion of indolence enters into the composition of our nature. If men were notnaturally inclined to be indolent, we should find very few, who really would be so. It is evident, upon a little furvev, that no men are so unhappy as those that are idle. And though man is a being made for adtivitv, vet a gi'eat many people choose to be busy in doing nothing. I mean that men ought to be active in order to be happy. But as many men are avgrfe to labour, their restless spirit drives them to fucli methods of getting rid of time as moil properly may be called idleness. It may seem odd to make the aflertion, but it is very true, that some per sons weary themselves exceedingly in finding out how to be idle. I hose, who go about afkingnews in the streets to know who has got a wife or a place, are of this stamp. We may also include in this decription, those fuperficial visitants who go to fee folks becaufethey are not at home. There are several others of this kind who, as it were, labor to be lazy. Many men are obliged to stretch their ingen uity to devise modes of wearing away their time. This will be the cafe with those who have no fix ed employment. 11 should therefore be a fettled maxim with every person, that unless he is em ployed in J'omething ufefnl, he cannot meet with contentment. [Erratum—ln last number of the Guest, line 10th from the , top, lor " wind" read *|W.] For Ike GAZETTE of the UNITED STATES. ON CHARITY SCHOOLS. /CHARITY Schools owe their rife undoubtedly V co those innate principles of benevolence which the Deity hath imprefled upon the human heart. But charity in these inftances,|may with pro priety be laid to begin at home ; and coimnonly ends there too. Indeed, from the nature of these institu tions, it must always be found, that they are not coinpeient to the design. Particular denomina tions and societies, form these plans for the ex climve advantage of the poor of their own berfua fioni But with the aid derived from the contri butions of the charitable of other denominations was it ever known that all the poor children, -with out exception, of the society which is designed to be particularly benefited, were, or could be ac commodated by them > Whatis the consequence > A charge of partiality; and this idea cannot be erased from the mind of a parent, wlu Handing exartly on the fame ground with his favored neighbor, cannot his get child admitted. Cha rity schools, where the object extends to cloathinp poor children, prove a very expensive mode of conferring our bounty, without producing thfe good intended, in any degree commensurate td the charge. A charity school for 50 or 60 children upon this plan, will cost probably fevcn or ei'rhc hundred pounds per annum: ,t I'diii that would support two fciiools, in which from Ijb to 200 children might be equally well taught. I£s cx pence of cloathing being the heavielt cliuts V, is the 1110 ft useless, and might be saved ; as ii ij"i in material how children are clad, provided tliev are clean ; for uniformity in cloaths does not faci - litate theirprogrefs in learning; and " he that hears the young ravens when they cry," does in the course of his providence, enable "the poorest of our citizens to provide futh covering for their offspring as would be folficient for them to attend school in. In addition to the incompetency of the funds to support charity schools, and the ut ter impoHibiltty of giving general, much less uni versal S,atisfadtion, there is in the minds of the free citizens of tliefe States, a principle of con scious independency, which revolts from the idea of being under obligations to charity, for th« edu cation of their children, as fully as it does to be indebted to it for the bleilings of freedom and civil society. That charity lchools cannot be com petent to the obje(ftof making universal provision for the education of the poor, is exemplified in the city of Loudon ; where there are the molt extenlive inllitutio'ns of this kind, that are to be found upon thefaceof theglobe. Let us advert to facfts. At the late procession of the King to St. Paul's it is said there were fix thousand charity fcliolars mustered, doubtless the -whole that could be collected—for we well know that absence is not difpenled with on such occasions—six thousand appears a large num ber—but how niany times fix thouland mull re main to be brought up in ignorance among a mil lion of inhabitants, when only fix thousand are provided for—and a great proportion of these, not the pooreit—for English authors will inform us that the poor, are not always benefited by tliofe institutions originally designed for the poor. In the I'm all Hate of Connecticut, there are nt» charity schools j but there are upwards of five hu.\dred fre£ public schools. The digni ty of human nature —the rights of property, and adue renfe of the bleftings of government and civil liberty, are 110 where better underltood, or more extensively enjoyed than in thai; highly fa vored land of equality and freedom. CIVIS. NEW-YORK, DECEMBER 23. Members of Conarefs now in this city : Senate— Pit titn 1 iii of tjic Senate—Mr. Da lton; Mr. Johnson j Mr.ScHuvm , Mr. King ; Mr. Izard; Mr. BvT t i*. Reprefevtatwes— Mr. Gilman; Mr. Gerry ; Mr. U*«akce; Mr. Benson: Mr. Scott: Mr. Coi.es; Mr. Brown ; Mr. Griffin; Mr. Hvjcer; Mr. Smith, of South-CaTrflma. The public expectation begins to awaken at tlie approaching felons of Congrrffs; When we re flecton the various and difficult objedts to be ac complished by our legislators, we must fuppole their talk is weighty and critical. The patience and candor of the people will be equal, we hope, to every reasonable allowance for any delays or ei 1 ors that inevitably result from circumstances so new and embarrafled. 1 he tranquility and contentment that prevails among the citizens of the United States, under the operation of the national government, are at proof of their general deterrtiination to give it Support. If we may judge from appearance, the; vaiious branches of the executive are filled with such characters,as do honor to their appointments and give general Satisfaction to the people. When men of abilities and integrity are at the head of affairs, we may always expect" that the government will operate," in such a manner, as to obtain popular Sanction and promote the important ends of political aflociation. It is worthy of contemplation how rapidly the people of this country are extricating themselveS from the calamities and burdens of the late war. Many towns that were laid waste by the ravages of the enemyare restored to their former size and prosperity. The progress of an industrious fru gal people, towards wealth and comfort may be accelerated to such a degree as almost to elude cal culation. We have many striking examples how Jooii the disasters of fire, and manj other misfor tunes may be Surmounted, when once the tjeople allume resolution, andpraitife industry. The amendments to the Constitution proposed by Congrefsto the Several States,appear to receive that cordial approbation which does honor to the candor and patriotism of the refpedlive State Le gillatui es, to whom they have beenfubmitted If they do not in every refped; meet the ideas of thole who never liked the Constitution, it ought to be remembered that they are the result of a concefnon on the part of the majority, who were Satisfied with the system in its original form but from the best motives were induced to ac quielce in amendments to reconcile, if poifible, opposition, and to conciliate the doubting. We are muck favored by the " Sketch on Poetry"— want 0f room prevents Us infei tion this day ; but it jhall appear in our next. c, j c , ARRIVALS -—XEfV-YORK. Saturdiy Schorr Sally, Patterfon, Shelhurne, 5 days. Sloop Sally, Sampson, Boston. 1 7 days Monday Sloop Saratoga, Thrathcr, C .pe Fare, 28days. Sloop Polly, Bartlett, CapeFiue, 28 days.