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Gazette of the United-States. [volume] (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793, January 09, 1790, Image 3

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NEW-YORK, January g, 178 J.
CONGRESS.
JASUARY 6.
IN addition to the Members of Senate, mentioned in our last,
*Mr Maclay, of Pennsylvania, being arrived, a quorum of the
h -nate was formed. A fufficient number of the Members of the
House ot Reprefcntatives, were also in town; but through the in
difpolition of one of the gentlemen, they did not proceed to bull
nefs. 3nd adjourned.
January 7.
Mr. Ellfworth, and Mr. Patterfon, of the Senate, arrived and
took their feats.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Mr. Wadfworth, Mr. Sturgis, Mr. Van Ranfellaer, Mr. Carrol,
and Mi. Matthews, appeared and took their feats.
A meflage was tent to rhe Senate, informing them that a quorum
of the House was now assembled.
Mr. Boudinot, Mr. Sherman, snd Mr. White, were appointed a
committee to report the unfinlfhed business of the lalt felCon.
A resolution was received froln the Senate, by which Mr. Strong
and Mr. Izard isappomted a committee on their part, to wait on,
and inform the President of the United States, that the two Houses
of Con"refs are now formed, and request to know oi him, what
time he"will aflign to meet them in the Senate Chamber, to lay be
fore them the business he has to communicate. The House con
curred in this resolution, and appointed Mr. Gilman, Mr. Ames,
and Mr. Seney, a Committee on their part.
On notion, Rcfolved, that two Chaplains of different denomi
nations, be elected for the present fcflion—one by each Houle, to
interchange weekly. ,
Mr Gilman of the committee appointed to wait on t.ie . reli
dent informed the house that the President had alligned Tomor
row 11 o'clock to meet, and address both Houses of CongreTs,
in the Senate Chamber. Adjourned to half after 10 oVlock, to
morrow morning.
Janu a* v 8.
Mr. Wynkoop appeared this day, and took his feat.
The House being assembled, adjourned to the Senate Cham
ber At ti o'clock, THE PRESIDENT of the United States,
attended by his Aids, and Secretary, was received by the two
Houses of Congress in the Senate Chamber, when he was pleased
t.) make the following SPEECH :
FELLOW-CITIZENS of the SENATE, and
HOUSE 0/ REPRESENTATIVES.
I EMBRACE with great fatisi'acftion the oppor
tunity, which now presents itfelf, of congra
tulating you on the present favorable prospects of
our public affairs. The recent accession of the
important state of North-Carolina to the Conui
tution of the United States (of which official in
formation has been received)— the rising credit
and refpelability of our country—the general
andincreafinggood-will towards the government
of the union, and the concord, peace and plen
ty, with which we areblefled, are circumstances,
auVpicious, in an eminent degree to our national
prosperity. '
In resuming your confutations for the general
good, you cannot but derive encouragement from
the reflexion, that the measures of the last ses
sion have been as fatisfacftory to your constituents,
as the novelty and difficulty of the work allowed
you to hope.—Still further to realize their ex
pectations, and to secure the blessings which a
gracious Providence lias placed within our reach,
will in the couife of the present important ses
sion, call for the cool and deliberate exertion of
your patriotism, firmnels, and wisdom.
Among the many interesting objects, which
will engage your attention, that of providing
for the common defence will merit particular re
gard. To be prepared for war is oneofthemoft
effectual means of preserving peace.
A free people ought not only to be armed but
disciplined ; to which end a uniform and well di
verted plan is requisite : And their fafety and
interest require that they should promote such ma
nufactories, as tend to render them independent
on others, for eflential, particularly for military
supplies. eftabll(hnient 0 f the troops which
may be deemed indispensable, will be entitled to
mature consideration. In the arrangements which
may be made respecting it, it will be of impor
tance to conciliate the comfortable support ot the
ofticers and soldiers with a due regard to ceco
nomy. , ..
There was reason to hope, that the pacific mea
sures adopted with regard to certain hostile tribes
of Indians, would have relieved the inhabitants
of our southern and western frontiers from their
depredations. But you will perceive, from the in
formation contained in the papers, which I lliall
direct to be laid before you, (comprehending a
communication from the Commonwealth of Vir
ginia) that we ought to be prepared to afford
protection to those parts of the Union ; and, it
neceflary, to pnnifh aggreflors.
The interests of die United Srates require,
that our intercourse with other nations should be
facilitated by such provisions as will enable me
to fulfil my duty in that respect, in the manner,
which circumstances may render most conducive
to the public good : And to this end,that the com
pensations to be made to the persons, wo may
be employed, should, according to the nature ot
their appointments,be defined by law ,an
petent fund designated for defraying the expei
ces incident to the conduct of our foreign affairs.
Various confiderationsalfo render it expedient,
that the terms on which fore.gners may fee ad.
mitted to the rights of Citizens, should bejpee
ly ascertained by a uniform
Uniformity in the currency, wel g ht £ a "!? "
fures of the United States, is an obtest r, g J* lv
importance, and will, lam persuaded, be duly
attended to.
The advancement of agriculture, commerce,
and manufactures, by all proper means, will not,
I trull, need recommendation. But I cannot for
bear intimating to you the expediency of giving
effectual encouragement as well to the introduc
tion of new and ufeful inventions from abroad,
as to the exertions of Jkil 1 and genius in produ
cing them at home ; and of facilitating the in
tercourse between the distant parts of our coun
try by a due attention to the Post- Office and
Post-Roads.
Nor am I less persuaded, that you will agree
with me in opinion,that there is nothing, which
can better deserve ycur patronage, than the pro
motion of Science and Literature. Knowledge
is in every country the surest balls of public hap
piness. In one, in which the measures of govern
ment receive their impression so immediately f' °ni
the sense of the community, as in our's, it is
proportionably essential. To the security ot a
free Constitution it contributes in various ways:
By convincing those, who are entrusted with the
public administration, that every valuable end of
government is belt answered by the enlightened
confidence of the people : And by teaching the
people tliemfelves to know, and to value their
own rights ; to discern and provide againlt: mva
fions of them ; to diftinguiffi between oppreihon
and the necefl'ary exercise of lawful authority ;
between burthens proceeding from a dtfregard
to their convenience, and thoie resulting
the inevitable exigencies of society ; to difcrinu
nate the spirit of liberty from that of licentious
ness, cherilhing the firft, avoiding the last, and
uniting afpeedy, but temperate vigilance againlt
encroachments, with an inviolable refpe<st to the
laws •
Whether this desirable objeift will be belt pro
moted by affording aids to seminaries of learning
already eftabliffied, by the institution of a nation
al university, or by any other expedients, will
be well worthy of a place in the deliberations of
the Legislature.
Gentlemen of the House oj Representatives.
I SAW with peculiar pleasure, at the close of
the last session, the resolution entered into by
vou exprelfive of your opinion, that an adequate
provision for the fupportof the public credit, is a
matter of high importance to the national honor
and prosperity. —In this sentiment.l entirely con
cur.-And to a perfect confidence in your_ best
endeavors to devise such a prov,fion, as will be
truly consistent with the end, I add an re
liance on the chearful co-operatjon of the other
branch of the Legiflature—lt would be fuperflu
ous to fpecify inducements to a measure in which
the character and permanent >»t el , efts of the
United States are so obviously and so deeply con
cerned ; and which has received so explicit a
faniftion from your declaration.
Gentlemen of the Senate, and
House of Representatives.
I HAVE directed the proper officers to lay be
fore you refpeiftively such papers and elhmates
as regard the affairs particularly recommended
to your confutation, and neceflary to convey
to you that information of the state of ihe union,
which it is my duty to afford. , .
The welfare of onr country is the great objedt
to which our cares and efforts ought to be diredt
ed._ And I fliall derive great fatisfaction froma
co-operation with you, in the pleasing g
arduous task of ensuring to our fellow citizens
the bleflings, which they have a right to e*P e<fl >
froma free, efficient and
United States, January 8, i 79°-
into confidcra'lion in a Ccmmnicc o d ballot for a
"" -
from the poughkeepsie journal.
IK Amtiie* -. to. ■«». X~g£&*3S»ftSS
X balanced legislature, ar mftability, and eventual tyran-
The repoit of the committee .n ita . Pc "*;£"* heir conftitu _
whic . h '' Xch 15 "he only one'in the union that centers all lega
tion (and which is tne ron tains .1 plan which appears to be
lative power iu a {ingle houfc) contains,. p iflature U
an improvement even on £robly, with checks on each
other, nearly limiiar t rersvv i t hcut any council of appoint
thTVeTh°sTa°;? !^V;« t on government ,n America
ment. lnis is a y . , execU nvc department
When appointments are mited to a single person, there
cxclulively, and th " ex " • an< j m uch greater refponfibili
,s less room for cabal J lof , for the p erfo„
tv ot character, inep y On tne plan ot an
on whom to fix their " T f ° XCC ptionable appointments,
executive council there may be very except
and the public not dileover le; , onc pcr fon, the more he
more the public eye is conce gre ater necefEty of afling
feels his reputation at »ak*aud the fr ly ' remarUcd)
with integrity aiu'Taieaot tod feover very little folicitudefor
that popular assemblies a p arisen from the idea, that
people. If is said of Charondus, one of the ancient lawgivers of
Italy, in instituting laws for the government of Sybaris, that he* or
dered the ions of every family to learn to read and write under
mailers in the pay of the public : The Pennsylvania convention
have imitated a conduct which has confecratcd to immortality the
memory of this antient legiflaror : One of the articles which
are reported in their plan, requires tchools to be fupporud in
each town at the cheapcllrate by teachers at the public cxpence.
It is an obvious truth, that a free people owe all their Hbertwsio
their information. The citabliiKmcnt ps public schools efpeciallv
among our eaflern neighbours, have most. efTentially served to dil
femtinate amoYig the people ot thV> country a knowledge of the 1 r
rights, and the means to defend them—and we derive all our go
vernments and chaia&er from the iccds implanted by those gene
rous inftituttons. Without very considerable information, and
link fs education becomes pretty general, a people cannot ele£t
their rulers with discernment, nor will they indeed easily find men
who are competent for the various duties of public life. 1 there
fore confmer it proper to make the bulnvefs of education a part of
the foci 1 compact. We find from daily experience that people
will not do their duty voluntanis. Education, and by it here L
mean the more Ample and ufeful parts of inftruttion both in lci
ence and in morals, is rnoft unaccountably negletted by the people
in general in this State. It is even cohjetiured that our legislature
will never cor.fe.it to a law making it a duty of each town to sup
port a refpeftable school for fear it would De unpopular, W r hat
a pity then it is we have no such article in our constitution.
There are fcveral other very valuable improvements in the plan
reported in the Pennsylvania convention ; and if it is finally
adopted, as it molt probably will be, their government, from
being the most unfkiltul, will become the moil complete in the
union.
E D E N T O N, December 20.
By accounts from Fayetteville we learn, that the General As
sembly have eletted the houorable ALEXANDER MARTIN,
Esq. Governor of this state, in the room of his Excellency SA
MUEL JOHNSON, Esq. appointed a Senator to Congrels of the
United States : That Fayetteville was the placc for the next ses
sion of the General AlTcmbly, and that the appointment of the
other Senator had not been made, as there was not a majority o£
the Houses in favor of any person.
NEW-YORK, JANUARY 9.
The Prelldent of the United States, %vhen he
addrefled the two Houses of C'ongrefs yesterday,
was drefled in a crow colored suit of clothes, of
American manufacture : The cloth appeared to
be of the fineft texture —the color of that beau
tiful changeable hue, remarked in (hades not quit©
black. I'his elegant fabric was from the
manufactory in Hartford.
The acceflion of North-Carolina to the present
confederation of the states, is an event that gives
sincere pleasure to the friends of our country ;
especially as the majority is so large and refpedt
able and the joy excited 011 the occasion, may
be heightened, when the public are assured, as
they are from the best authority, that the mino
rity have dil'covered similar sentiments to those
which have done so much honor to the princi
ples of patriotism, and good citizenfliip, discover
ed by the minorities inYoineof the other states ;
A noble spirit of emulation is discovering it
fell in the several states—well endowed colleges,
and other seminaries of learning are springing
up, upon liberal and enlightened plans—medi
cal and other societies are forming to extend the
blessings of ufeful profeffions, and extenuate the
inevitable tniferies of human life—while the prin
ciples of benevolence are exciting the sons of
clemency, and compallion to devise the molt
feafible methods to extinguish every vestige of
tyranny and slavery from off the face of the
earth.—Our mechanics and artizans are forming
into companies to enable them more effectually
to promote their general iutereft. Out mei -
chants encouraged by the prote&ion of the laws,
and a uniform system of revenue, are extending
their enterprizes to all quarters of the globe
while their patriotic associations strengthen the
hands of government, and prevent the lioneft
and conscientious traders from being facrificed
by the arts of those who would evade the laws.
To crown the whole, the great American Re
public appears to realize its eligible situation,
by giving the molt indubitable evidence of its
growing attachment to that Constitution, which
with so much unanimity they have adopted—
and which every day's experience proves was
the great Aejideratum in their late embarraiied.
situation.
" United here, and realiz'd we lee,
"Laws, Independence, Liberty !
" The tiiple cord which binds all fail*
" Like the golden chain of Jove,
" Combining all below, with all above,
" To make the facrrd Union hilt."
ARRIVALS.-NEW-YORK.
H'ednefday, Sloop Sea Flower, Whiting, Cape Francois, 30 days.
Thuifiay, Brig Amelia, Lewis, Cape Francois, 9 days.
A fcwcobics of The President's SPEECH, on Jine paper, may be
J y J had at the Office of the Ed,tor.
WILLIAM TAYLOR,
Has for Sale, at his EAST-INDIA GOODS STORE,
No. 4, Burlinc-Slip,
A General Aflortment of EAST-INDIA GOODS,
Among which are the following Articles :
Hankerchiefs.of various kinds, Callas,
Chintzes, Scerfuckeis,
Ginghams, II B°glapores.
A Variety of handsome painted MUSLINS.
With many other Articles, which will be fold by the Piece or
Package* low tor caln.
And a few pair large handsome Cotton CO UN
TERPANES, much warmer thin Blankets.
January 9, '79°-

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