Mr. Boudinot said he v»ted against thequeftion's coming on, on
the principle that more important business is before the House.
Headded otherobfervations, and moved that the Resolution (hould
be amended so as to include the idea of a permanent residence, in
these words, Resolved, " That the permanent feat of the govern
ment of the United States (ball be.fixed in some convenient place
on the banks ot' the Delaware, and, that Congress meet and hold
their next feflion, &c." This was made a question of order. The
Speaker determined that the motion was not in order. An
peal was made to the House, and the question decided by Ayes
and Noes. AYES.
Meffrsßenfon, Boudinot, Burke, Coles, Floyd, Foster, Gerry,
Goodhue, Hathorne, Huntington, Lawrance, Lee, Leonard, Liver
more,Madifon, Partridge, Renfellaer,Schureman, Sedgwick, Seney,
Sherman, Sylvester, Smith (M.) Smith (S. C.) Stone, Sturges,
Thatcher, Trumbull, Tucker. 29.
Messrs Ames, A(he, Blood worth, Baldwin, Brown, Clymcr,
Contee, Cadwallader, Fitzfimons, Gale, Gilman, Griffin, Grojit,
Hartley, Heifter. Jackfoo, Matthews, Moore, Muhlenberg, Page,
Parker, Scot, Sinnickfoo, Steele, Sumpter, Vining, White, Wif
liamfon, Wynkoop. 29.
The Speaker having before decided in the negative, the amend
ment was loft.
Mr. Lawrance moved that the question be referred to a commit
tee of the whole House. This was loft.
Mr. Smith (M.) moved that the Resolution be amended by ftrik
ingovu Philadelphia, arid infecting Baltimore.
Mr. Sherman moved Wilmington.
Mr. Viningobfcrved, that as there was no probability of carry
ing Wilmington, he could consider the motion in no other light
than as designed to embarrass.
Mr. Ames rose to exculpate Mr. .Sherman from the imputation
of infinccrity. He said he had uniformly discovered a predilettion
The debate was continued refpe&ing Philadelphia and Balti
Mr. Seney, Mr. Stone and Mr. Lawrance spoke in favor of
Baltimore, as being more central.
Mr. White, Mr. Hartley and Mr. Fitzfimons against the motion.
Mr. Smith (M) mentioned some particulars of the commerce of
Baltimore —the 1-aws they have palled refpetting ceding to Con
gress 10 miles square—he also informed the house that the Inhabi
tants of that town had raised a fubfeription of between 20 and 30
thousand ponuds to erett suitable accomodations for the mem
Mr. Fitzfirrrons after observing that his object being to remove
from New-York, proposed that the place should be left blank—
the house agreeing to this.
It -was then moved that the blank Ihould be filled up with New-
Mr. Gcrrv said he considered thequeftion of great importance,
and if no iufficient reason can be for it, it will be found
to be attended with very serious coniequences. What reason can
be given for the removal ? I know of none—if Congress should
meet the next feflion at Philadelphia, it will very probably be
moved to return again to New-York; and thus Congress will be
as a political shuttlecock—bandied about between two rival ci
ties. He contralted the accomodations of New-York and Phila
delphia,and gave the preference tothofe of the former :He advert
ed to the e.xpence the city of New-Yo*k had been at, to accomo
date the government, and said, that Congress could nclt remove
with honor, without reimbursing them theexpence. He thought
it of importance to determine the question rclpc&ing the tempo
rary and permanent residence of Congref6, for while the queltion
remains doubtful, it will always be insinuating itfclf in all great
national questions. Is this a situation for this government to
continue in? He replied to lome observations relpetlmg the
" wealth and security of Philadelphia" and observed, that with
xefp*£lto the latter, there was no great force in the remark, as it
ts a time of profound peace, and no inconvenience had, as he be
lieved, or would arifc on account of the former.
On the question to insert New-York, the ayes and noes- arc as
MelTrs. Ames, Bcnfon, Blood worth, Boudinot, Burke, Floyd,
Foster, Gerry, Grout, Hathorne, Huger, Huntington, Law
rance, Livermore, Partridge, Renfellaer, Schureman, Sedgwick,
Sherman, Sylvester, Smith, (S. C.) Sturges, Thatcher, Trumbull,
MelTrs. Afhe, Baldwin, Brown, Cadwallader, Carroll, Cly
mer, Coles, Contee, Fitzlimons. Gale, Gilman, Goodhue, Grit
fin, Hartley, Heifter, Jackson, Lee, Leonard, Madtfon, Mat
thews, Moore, Muhlenberg, Page, Park -r, Scot, Srney, Sinnick
son, Smith, (M.) Steele, Stone, Sumpter, Vining, White, William
son, Wynkoop. 35.
Baltimore and Philadelphia were then proposed to fill up the
blank, almost at the fame instant—some debate ensued, which
should be fir ft pur.
Mr. Carroll observed that as he saw no probability of carrying
Baltimore, though he considered it as a proper place, on account
ot its being more central tha,n any other that has been men
tioned, he (hould vote for Philadelphia as being nearer the cen
tre than any other situation he saw a profpefl of being agreed to.
Mr. Seney moved an amendment, to add after Philadelphia,
" or Baltimore."
Mr. Vining, Mr. Hartley and other members opposed the mo
ion. as leading to no decision with refpe6l to cither place.
The motion for adding Baltimore, was determined in the ne
MelTrs. Benfon, Bloodworth, Burke, Floyd, Gerry, Grout, Ha
thorne, Huger, Jackson, Lawrance, Partridge, Renfellaer, Scney,
vSmith (M.) Smith (S. C.) Stone, Siurges, Sumpter,
Thatchcr, TrUmbull, Tucker. 22.
MelTrs. A Hie, Ames, Bloodworth, Boudfnot, Brown, Cadwal
lader, Carroll, Cly mer, Coles, Contee, Fitzfnnons, Foster, Gale,
Gilman, Goodhue, Griffin, Hartley, Heifter, Huntington, Lee,
Leonard. Livcrniore, Madison, Matthews, Moore, Muhlenberg,
Parker, Page, Schureiu-n, Scot, Sedgwick, Sherman, Sinnickfon,
Steele, Vining, White. Williamfon, Wynkoop. 38.
The question tor inserting Philadelphia, was also deferiTfined
by ayes and noes.
MelTrs. Aflir, Baldwin, Boudinot, Bfown, Cadwallader, Car
roll, Clynic'r. Coles, Contce, Fitzfimons, Gale, Gilman, Goodhue,
Griffiri, Hartl-y, Heiftcr, Jatkfon, Lee, Leonard, Madison, Mat
thews. Moore, Muhlenberg, P*p«, Parker, Partridge, Scot, Scntfy,
Sinulckfou, Smith (M 1 Steele, Stone, Sumpter, Thatcher, Vimng,
White, Williamfon, Wynkoop. 38.
McfiYs. Ames, Benfon. Blood worth, Burke, Floyd, Frwfter, Ger
ry, Gtout, Hathorne, Huger, Huntington, Lawrance, Livcrrnore.
Renfellaer, Schuicman, Sedgwick, Sherman, Sylvester, Smith,
(S. C.) Trumbull, Tucker. 22.
1 lie propolkion as filled up was then put and agreed *.0.
Sundry reports from the fecrctary of the department of war
Mr. Moore presented several papers, containing rcprefentations
from the people of a particular part of Virginia, refpe&ing in
coirvenienccs which attend holding the federal courts in that llate,
and moved for leave to bring in a bill to repwil part of the judi
A mc flagc wan received from the Prefidcnt of the United States,
informing thehoufethatrhe " A&forthe encouragement of Learn
ing, by fecuringthe copies of maps, charts and books to the au
thors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein
ayentioned, had received his assent.'*
A message was received from the Senate, informingthe house,
that thcv dill insist cm their amendment to the bill providing the
means of intercourse between the United States and foreign na
tions—-'and request a concurrence with the house on the fubjcfl of
The house voted to concur, and appointed Mr. Gerry, Mr.
aWltliamfon and Mr. White the committee on their part, to ma
nage the conference.
TUESDAY, JUNE i.
On motion of Mr. Williamfon, ine house went into a commit
tee of the whole, on the bill providing for the settlement of the
accounts between the United States and individual dates.
Mr. Seney in the chair.
Some progreCs was made in the discussion, the committee then
rose and reported progress.
A rneiTage was received fromthe Prefidentof the United States,
informing the house, that he had received official information of
the ratification and adoption of the constitution of the United
States, by the state of Rhode-Island and Providence Plantations,
on which event he congiatulated the house.—A letter from the
Prelident of the Convention, to the President of the United States,
accompanied the meflage, which was read.
Mr. Smith, (S. C.) Then moved that thecommittee of the whole
house, ftiould be dilcharged from considering the bill to prevent
a commercial intercourse with the state of Rhode-Island, &c.
which was immediately put and carried in the affirmative.
On motion of Mr. Sedgwick, a committee was appointed to
report a bill of bills for giving effe£l to the laws of the United
States—in refpett to the (late of Rhodc-Ifland and Providence
Information having been received of the death of the honorable
Theodorick Bland—one of the members of the house—Mr. Jack
son moved that a committee ffiould be appointed to fnpermtend
This bulinefs was specially referred to the delegation from the
(late of Virginia.
Mr. Gilman of the joint committee of bothhoufes, reported
that said committee had examined the following enrolled bills,
and found them correct—to which the speaker affixed his signa
An ast for finally adjusting and fatisfying the claims of Frede
rick William de. Steuben.
An ast for giving effect to an ast entitled c< an ast to establish
the judicial courts of the United States, within the (late of North-
An ast supplemental to the aftforeftablilhingthe salaries of the
executive officers of government, with their afliftants and clerks.
A meftage was received from the Senate, informing that they
have pafled a bill for the relief of Thomas Jenkins and Co.
Mr. Gerry's motion for printing the treaties between the Unit
ed States and foreign nations, and annexing them to the code of
lawj, was taken up and passed. Adjourned.
N E W P O R T, May 15
A very severe slash of lightning, attended with
a tremendous clap of thunder, on Thursday morn
ing lalt, (truck one of the chimnies of a house
inhabited by Mr. Joseph Taylor standing by
itfelf foutb-eafteriy, at about half a mile's dis
tance from the compa& part of the town—the
top with the partitions in the chimney,were beat
into the body and fell do the lower floorJ—Mr.
Taylor's wife was fitting near the hearth with a
child in her lap, and a girljuft by her, with a
nother child in her's—one of Mrs. Taylor's (hoes
was torn in pieces ((he had n« buckles in them)
off her foot, which was so burnt as to be blister
ed, —the lightning fcaving apparently pafled
through the heel, a hole being' made therein
about as large as might be pierced with a double
ten gimblet—the girl and children were not in
jured in the leait. Mr. Taylor himfelf, who was
fitting near the window, had both his (hoes also
torn so that the upper leather was separated from
the foals, and one of his buckles (lightly melted.
A table in the rooin was overturned and a candle
fland had its legs broken—two large holes were
made through the floor into the cellar and two
glass windows in the room, together with the
sashes, were stove to pieces ahd carried to a con
siderable distance from the house—there was a
fniall iron chain hanging in the chimney within
about fix inches of the hearth. Quere, how can
it be accounted for that the (h»es of both Mr. and
Mrs. Taylor, who were fitting at a considerable
distance from each other fhoula be taken off, and
no other injury done to them kat (lightly scorch -
ing one of her feet ?—A hen fitting on her nest
in a closet near the chimney was killed.and a num
ber of eggs under her broke to pieces and fcat
NEW-YORK, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 2.
ADOPTION OF THE CONSTITUTION BY
THE STATE OF RHODE-ISLAND.
Monday afternoon arrived Sloop Rambler,
Capt. Carey, from Newport, Rhode-lfland, who
left that place 011 Sunday morning lalt.
By the arrival of Capt. Carey, we have receiv
ed the authentic information, thattlie CONVEN
TION of RHODE-ISAND did, on Saturdaylall",
adopt the Conflitution of the United States by a ma
jority of TWO. The Yeas were thirty-four
—the Nays thirty-two.
In the above veffelcanie patlenger Col. Barton,
one of the members of the Convention, with dif
patclies forthe PRESIDENT ofthe United States.
It is expetfted the Governor of Rhode-lfland
will immediately convene the legislature of that
State, in order that they may proceed to the
choice of two Senators to the Congress of the
In eonlequence of this event a Federal salute
was fired from the battery in this city.
" There is a Providence which prelides over
the affairs of individuals and of nations." The U
nited States have so frequently experienced the
interpolitions of this benignant power, that in any
exigency, it would be the extreme of infidelity
not to confide in its all-powerfulgoodnefs—Clouds
atid tlaiknefs have often obfenred our prolpe&s—
" the dawn has been overcast"— but a glorious
day has fuccceded—One series of events lias fol
lowed another, and all have combined to produce
the best interest of our country—and to place this
confederated Republic in a iituation the moll ref
peiSable and enviable of any upon the face of the
globe. The recent acceHion of Rhode-Iflard to
the constitution almost eompleats the chain of our
federal Union—andtheway will probably be very
soon opened for Vermont to make her name tru
ly refpectableas a member ofthe great American
The federal government is new—'its operation
is extensive, its influence, however, begins to be
realized, and itsfalutary effetls will be more and
more apparent —The citizens of the Uniu-d States
justly consider it as the last hope of their freedom
and happiness—and tho petulant and cha
racters may censure public measures, and excite
a momentary uneasiness, the great body of the
people are too wife not to realize that their peace
and prosperity are inseparably conne»fted with
supporting government, and the faithful Admini
strators of the laws.
" Cato was the tory of the age in which he liv
ed—Cafar on the other hand was the whig of his
time"—and like other unprincipled Demagogues
of all ages, employed his influence and power to
overturn the liberties of his country.
As with individuals, so it is with nations ; in
proportion to their consciousness of indepen
dence, they will not bear to be told the truth ;
real patriots must generally wait for time to do
justice to their merits—and it is the touchstone of
bitter experience that bears witness to their in
The confidence of the people is often usurped
jby bold pretenders to a superior attachment to
their liberties ; but the neceflity of a transmission
of this confidence from those, who on being
" weighed in the balance are found wanting,"
suggests the propriety of a steady adherence to
characters who through all the Ampliations of o
pinion, continue to support an inflexible indepen
dency of spirit; of such we may fay
The falling dream lhall change its rapid course»
And up the (loping mountain climb with force ;
A weak vain wish, great nature'* lawscontroul,'
Lre aught (hall change the purpose of their foul.—
On such the public turn th* expecting eye
i When dangers threaten, or when ruin's nigh.
" The voice of the people ia the voice of Ged
this is a text from which many heretical, politi
cal fernions are preached ; the voice of the peo
ple can only be known by the conllitution they
have adopted, and the laws ena<sted by their au
thority under it—and whatever regard some may
pretend for the liberties of the people, if they
(peak not according to the laws and the constitu
tion, it is becaule " thereis no truth in them"—
as the laws of nature can be known only by their
fleady, uniform operation—so " the voice of the
people" is only to be heard in the decisions of
their collective, free aflembles.—The opinion of
the moment is never a directory to the confident
Complaints have lately been made by several
farmers of the inefficacy of the Plaifter of Paris,
thev have (own upon their lands. Upon scruti
ny it appears, that a good deal of this manure, or
or what refemblesit, has been imported intothefe
middle states from the Bay of Fundy. The great
er part of this has been used without effect, as
having been taken from the furface of the foil.
If the Nova-Scotians would be at the pains of
digging it from the bosom of the earth as in Old
France, no doubt it would be found nearly as
good as that of Paris.
The Governor and Legislative council of the
province ofCanada, have iflued an a<ft in addition
to the a<t for regulating the inland commerce of
that province, wherebv it is enacted, that the free
importation of pig iron be permitted from the U
nited States, provided every pig of iron so import
ed shall be marked in the moulds in legible let
We have the pleasure to felicitate the public,
that the President of the United States has so far
recovered his health, that he yesterday saw com
pany at his house, and received the congratula
tions of many refpe<flable charadxrs on the oc-
Yesterday died in thia city, the Hon. Theodorick Bland,
Esquire, a member of the Hon. House of Repre tentative* of the
United States—from the State of Virginia.
ARRIVALS SINCE OUR LAST. NEW-YORK-
Ship Ncftor, Robertfon, Montego Bay, 45 days.
Curwin, Gibfon, Liverpool, 49days.
Brig Jane, -Newfoundland, 21.
Schooner Prii»ce and Liberty, Prince, St. EuHatia.
Rallcy, Hazard, Edenton, (N. C.)
Sloop Rambler, Peterfon, Rhode-lfland, 1 day.
Sally, Bartlett, Wilmington, 7 days.
►Fanny, Farret, Bermuda, 44 days.
Sallv, Payne, Charleston, 8 days.
Hudson Packet, Coffin, St. Euftatia, *1 days.
TO be Sold, an elegant dwelling house, in every circumstance
fitted for a gentleman with a large family, situated 114 a very
pleasant part of Eliaabeth Town, New-Jersey. -The lot con
tains abont four acres, on which is a very good garden, and a
variety of the best fiuit trees. The terms of payment can be made
so easy as to suit the purchaser. Enquire of the Subscriber at No.
12, Wall-Street. ELIAS BOUDJNOT.
June 2, 1790.
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