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Boston, June 3, 1790.
Extract from His Excdlettcy Gov.. Hancock's Spicch, to both Houses of the Legijlature. «XX TE have, by the blelfing of Divine Provi \V dence, atchieved a situation truly envia ble in the eyes of other nations : Our peri'ons and pofleflions are governed by (landing and known laws, and fecnred by a Conltiiution for nied by ourselves. This Conltitution is a law to the legiflaiive authority itfelf—andleaft the pride of office, or the hand of lavvlefs power, should rob the people of their constitutional security, a proper ballance provided in the Judicial De partment, occalionally arising from the body of the people. The price of our freedom has been great toil, and much expence, and we yet feel the weight of it : But we teel as tree men, while the people of some other countries are opprefled with heavy burthens which have been accumulated, not to secure, but to dellroy their freedom. Though the national affairs of our country are more immediately under the attention of the Ge neral Government, yet we have very important bulinefs which demands our attention. Having formed our governments.and eftabliftied our independency, we fit down quietly and peace- ' ably, to enquire into, and to perform thole du ties, which may be reasonably expe(fled from us in our tranquil situation. And lam very happy to inform you, that the bulinefs of our meeting is principally confined to the devising ways and means for anfweringthe just demands of our pub lic creditors—making such additional laws as may be necelfary to mark out the paths of distributive justice—to adopt such measures as may facilitate the settlement of the uncultivated parts of the State—and to devise ways for promoting ufeful knowledge, and for inculcating those virtues which are the only solid foundation of public and private felicity. Many of the citizens of this Commonwealth, while the country was prefl'ed on every fide by danger and distress, freely loaned their proper ty to the public fafety : And had the most foleinn aflurances for a re-payment with interest. Others ventured their lives in the war for our defence, and received the public faith pledged for 1 coin penfation, when the war should be terminated. The eyes of these creditors are now upon us for justice : And the fufferings of the widow and or phan demand our attention, I am fenfiblethat some of the public fecuritles, evidential of these loans and services, have been thrown into the hands of persons who have given but a small consideration for them ; but while we are convinced that this has in some measure been owing to the failure of governmental promises, we onght not to increase the calamity, by unne ceftary delavS in doing justice. Was it within the power of the people to pay the debt they owe, as a government, it would be for their honor and advantage to do it immediately—but as this can not be done, the making provision for the punc tual payment of the interest annually, will be nearly as well for the creditors. But then in order to produce this effeift, the payment of this interest irntft be afTured upon funds which may be depended upon. In a republican govei nment, the idea of relponfibility is generally divided a mongst too many persons to insure that punctual ity in the performance of promises, which some other forms of government may afford : There fore the security of pun<ftual payments is jiot fre quently well eftablillied, without appropriated funds—and yet the happiness of every govern ment, in whatever form it may be, depends es sentially upon the retftitnde and punctuality of it. When 1 speak of the happiness of a govern ment, 1 mean that situation of a civil community, which has a tendency to make those who compose it, happy, by affording them security against fo reign invaders, at well as against internal com motions—and in defending the individuals over whom it is extended, against oppression and in justice. The debt we are involved in, and which I have low under conlideration, was contracted for the omnion defence of the United State*, and I flat. ermyfelf that justice will finally prevail, so that :he government lately established will consider [he whole of the Un ion as responsible to each State for debts of this nature. In the report of the Se cretary of the Treasury ofthe United States there is a proposal for Congress to allume the debts of thefeveral States—but I am not convinced of the propriety of the General Government's atl'uming to pay the debts of this Commonwealth without the requeftorconfent of this government —but as it will be more congenial to any (yftem of Finance which the Congress may adopt, for this class of the .creditors of this State, to transfer the demands ■to the General Government, on the idea of the 'Jtandinp- credit of our Government, and to have them involved in the funded debt of the United states, than to have a claim open in favor of the Commonwealth, I recommend it to your feriotis (de liberation, whether inftrutftions may not be given to our Senators and Beprefentatives on thispoint.' We hear that them is a profpctt of a happy union of sentiment >n the Lrgiflature of Mafljf hufctts upon all great national fubjefb, twjth w;tb refpeft to i nfrlir credit a'd the tedcial government. LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES. PUBLISHED 'fMi/ry£i/Aon^y. CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES AT THC SECOND SESSION Begun and held at the Citv of New-Yoik, on Monday the fouith of January, one tho*fand seven hundred and ninety. AN ACT supplemental to the act for eftabliftinig the Salaries of the Executive Officers of Govern ment, with their Affiltants and Clerks. BE it enaftfd hv tht Sen ate and House of Repref ntatives of the United States of AmeucJ m Conorefs ajjemblefl, That the more etfe&ual- Jy to do and perform the duties in tfto Department -of State, the .Secretary of the said department be, arid is hereby authorized to 'appoint an additional clerk in his office, who shall be allowed an equal salary, to be paid in the lame manner as is allowed by law to the chief clerk. FREDERICK AUGUSTUS MUHLENBERG, Speaker oj the House of Reprefentatnef. JOHN ADAMS, Vice-Preji dent oj the United Stales and President of the Senate. Approved, June fourth, 1790. GEORGE WASHINGTON, President of the United States. (True Copy) THOMAS JEFFERSON, Seer tary of State. AN ACT for finally adjuiting and fatisfying the Claims of Frederick William De Steuben. BE it enafled by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress ajjenbled, That in order 10 make full and adequate compensation to Frederick. William De Steuben, for the facrifices and eminent Services .made and rendered to the United States during the late vrir, there be paid to the hid Frede rick William De Steuben an annuity of two thouUnd five hundred dollars during life, to commence on the full day of January Jail, to be paid in. quarterly oavments?t the Treasury ol the United State*; which said annuity shall be considered in lull dilchargc of all claims and demand* whatever of the said Frederick William De Steuben against the Umted States. FREDERICK AUGUSTUS MUHLENBERG Speaker of the House of Representatives JOHN ADAMS, of the United Staid and President oj the Senate. APPROVED JUNE fourth, 1790. GEORGE WASHINGTON, Pref dent »f the United States. (True Cosy) THOMAS JEFFERSON, Sect etary of State. AN ACT for giving effetft to an art, intituled, "An a<fb to eftahliih the Judicial Courts of the Uni ted Stares," within the State of North-Carolina. BE if e**tled by the Senate and House trf R eprrfcntutives cf the United States of America in Congress That the act, intitutled, 14 An att to establish the judicial courts of the United States" ihali have the like force and etfect within the ftateot North-Carolina, as elsewhere within the Uuited States. And be it further enafled, That the fa:d ft ite shall be one diftritt, to be called North-Carolina diflii£t; and there shall be a diltritt court therein, to conlift of one judge, who shall reside in the dilirtct, and be called a diAnd judge, and shall hold annually lour felHons; the fir ft to commence on the firft Monday :n July next, and the other three si (lions progreflively on the like Monday ot every third calendar month afterwards. The fUted diftrift court shall be held at the town of Newbein. And be it further enacted, That the said diftrift shall be, and the fame is hereby annexed tothe fouthem circuit: And there shall be held annually in the said diftri£t, twocucuit courts ; the ft 1 It fellun of the circuit court shall commence on the eighteenth day ol June next, the second Seflion on the eighth day of Noveinbei next, and the subsequent fifliont on the like days of every June and Novem ber afterwaids, except when any of the days mall happen on a Sunday, and then the session shall commence the n< xt day follow ing : And the feflions of the said circuit courts fhail be held at Newbern : And be it further entitled, That there (hall be allowed to th c judge of the laid diftritt, the yearly compenfa/ion of fifteen hu t ). cred dollar*, to commencefrom his appointment, and to be paid at the treasury of the United States in quarterly payments. FREDERICK AUGUSTUS MUHLENBERG, Sbeaker of the House oj Rrprefentatives. JOHN ADAMS, Vici-Prcfiaent ofthe United States, and Prejident of the Senate. Approved, June fourth, 1790. GEORGE WASHINGTON, Prejident 0/ the United States, (True copy.J THOMAS JEFFERSON, Secretary of State. CONGRESS. HOUSE OF REPRESEN TAr IVES. MONDAY JUNE 7. A BILL for extending the judiciary system of the United States to the Hate of Rhode-Island, was read the second time, and ordered to be en grofl'edfor a third reading. The house proceeded to the consideration of the report of the committee of the whole, 011 the bill for fettling the accounts between the United States and the individual ftaies, and agreed to the fame. Several amendments were then pro pored to the bill, some of which were agreed to ; and on motion of Mr. Scott, aclaufe was added to encreafe the falariesof the clerks of the coinmif fioners from 400 dollars per annum, the present allowance, to 500, the lalaries given in all the other offices. Mr. Madison then moved for another amend ment, the conlideration of which was postponed till to morrow. Mr. Liverviore from the committee appointed for the purpose, reported a bill for the regulati on of the poll-offices and poll roads. 483 'ATES. Mr. Sedgwick from the committed appointed for the purpote, reported a biH for extending the e* liumeration law of tlie United States, to theltate of Rhode-lllaiid. A meflage was received from the President of the United Sta'es,u>forining"that he had approved of, and signed the resolutions relpeifting the ar rears at pay due to the troops of Virginia and North-Carolina, lately ferviiig. in the army of the United States. TUESDAY, JUNE 8. The bill for giving etfeft to the la w for t-ftaWl filing ihc Judici.il Courts of the United Slates, in refpetl lolhe State ol Rhode lildnd, having been engrossed, was read the third time : L'lic Xalary of the Diftrift Judge was fixed at OncThoufand Dollars ; The blanks being filled up, the bill was p3IT dto be rnalh d. The bill for extending the law of the United Slates, providing forthc enum ration of the inhabitant, to ctyeSutc.of Rhode- Iflmd, was read the facond time, and re-committed, fpr the pur pose of adding a c labile, empowering (he Deputies ot the Mariha.s to require of the heads of families and others, an oath to thetruta of the returns made by them of the numbers ot inhabitants. On motion of Mr. Boudinot, a committee was appointed h» enquire, and report to die Houfr, the buituefs necclfory to he tranfa&ed previous to an adjournment. The bill providing l<*r the settlement of the accounts between the United Sutcsand individual Slates, -was taken into coniidcta tion.. Several amendments were propofrd and debated. Some of them weie agreed to, and others rejected. The bill being finifhed, u was ordered to be for a thud reading. A mclTdge was received from the Senate, informing the House, that they ha c taken into coniideration the Resolution passed the House the 31ft May, refpe&ing Congress' meeting, and holding their next kilion in Philadelphia—and have not concurred therein. The rommitfee to whom was re-committed the bilHor the re lief ot Nathaniel Twining, reported fcveral amendments to .the bill. Laid on the table. The M« tfage tronj the Senate was rend. A motiou wa» then made to adjourn—which was negatived. The House refoSved it felt into a committee ot the whole, on the bill for repealing, after the last day of the duties here tofore laid on d<(tilled Spirits of foreign manufacture, and laying others in their stead. The bill being read, foine progress w;»* made in the dilcuflion—the committee then Tofe, and the House adjourned. IN SENATE, TUESDAY, JUNE 8. On motion, the Senate agreed to postpone tne btll for tftablin*- ing the feat ot government of the Uuited States, and the repoit of Committee thereon—and to take up the Resolution <yf the House pasTed the 31ft of May. This Resolution was non-concurred 13 to 11. The opinion ot theSeuate was taken 44 Wnether it is expedient at this time to determine the permanent feat of government of the United Statts, and the question determined in the negative. On motion to till up the blank in the bill for fixing \he per manent refidt nee with the words— 44 The cafterly banks of the Potowmack." It pafT< d <n the negative. Baltimore and W.lmingtou were then p<opofcd and were also negatived. [iL uAZLiOt iiit CiMlLi) bl Mr. Fen.no, NO! HING evinces more forcibly the high value of a federal government, founded on the great democratic priticiple of representation, than the conduct of the House of Reprcfentativts ot the United States. Irs members extend their patemd earc equally over every past of this gtfeat empire—nothirtg escapes (heir minute releaiche« to wenefit every part of t+*c Union—While mapy regulations in the collection laws shew how attentive they have been to avoid opjpreflion ; they have unifoimly manifelted au ardent desire to accomodate all their eonftituerits, by aflxgning nu merous ports and diftrifts for the convenience of commerce—nay* in foine inlbnces, this dilpofttion seems to have I d them almost to Sacrifice that fccurity, which the due colle&ion of the revenue requires. These obfervationsarccorroborated by a late tranfattion. The committee recently appointed for the purpo/e of bringing in a bill for extending the revenue laws of the United States, to the State of Rhode-1 reported that foreign (hips, and all vessels coming trom China or the Ealt Indies, should be lirrtitted to the port of Newport—the size ol that State would lead one to suppose that one port was fully Sufficient for all its purposes of foreign commerce ; but lurh was the desire of that body to extend the ad vantages of commerce to all ports that were in a capacity of enjoy ing and benefiting by them,that they added the port of Providence, on the motion of Mr. Sedgwick, who afligned this reason, in favor of it, that he h?d been informed by a worthy and intelligent gen tleman trom that State, that it was the wish of foine of its inha bitants.—What could juflify the foregoing remarks more fully ? Americans ! while you employ such men as agents, regard not the nialcvolence of the fnarlingand inGduous—creatures who live in faction, and ertift upon the vapors of a foul imagination—-who may be traced like the friail upon the rock, by the slime of defa mation they leave behind them ? J,, NEW-YORK, JUNE 9, 1790. APPOINTMENTS. BY AUTHORITY. Made the 7th and Bih instants. Richard Harrison, of Virginia, Consul for the port of Cadiz, <scc. John Marsden Putard, of New-York, for the Island at Madeira, &c. James Maury, of Virginia, for the port of Liverpool, &c, William Knox, of New-York, for thc port of Dublin, &c. James Fen wick, ot Maryland, tor the port ot Bourdeaux. Burrell Car nes, of Mailacliufetts, for the port of Nantz. Nathan 1 £ l Ba« r t it, of MaflTachufetts, for the port of Rouen. Sy l v anus Bou r n e, of M<iffachufctts,for the port of Hifpaniola. Fuli var Skipwith, of Virg nta, for the port of Martinique, Dijlrifl of North Carotin*. William R. Davie, Judge. John Sitcreaves, Attorney. John Skinner, Marshall. Territory of the United States South of the River Ohio. William Blount, Governor. David Campbell arid John McNairy, Judges. Daniel Smith, Secretary. or " T/iomas Secupes," in the appointments in our lafl, read Thomson Seayres. The Ship Margaret, Blaine, from New-York, is arrived at Londonderry, in 24 dayspaflage. The Aftrea, Magee, is arrived atßofton, after a paflage of 125 days from Canton in China. ARRIVALS SINCE OUR LAST. HEIV-YORK* Packet Duke of Cumberland, Falmouth 49 days. Brig Betsey Motley Charleston 9 days. Schooner Queen, Potter, Shelburne. 6 dayi. Return, Olwood, St. John's 16 days. Brotheri, Peters, Demarara, 24 day*«, -■■ Betsey, Brocks, Philadelphia, x