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Gazette of the United-States. [volume] (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793, June 09, 1790, Image 4

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GLIDE, fair Conneflicut, glide on,
And bear thy chryftal waters down t .
In current to the main ;
Meandering through impervious woods
And proves, whofc (hade project thy floods,
Ne'er kenn'd by rural swain.
On northern mounts, which prop the Ikies,
Thy liquid streams in embryo rife,
Thence falling drench their fides ;
Colle£ting then thyfeparnte fprin»s,
Each to thy fount its tribute brings,
To aid thy swelling tides
Far in the north, and at thy head,
Though small, by rivulets when fed,
Pride of Columbian floods;
In all thy way ihy power augments,
While they discharge their full contents,
Hoarse murmuring through the woods.
' IV "
When thus conjoin'd, thy waters rol\
Descending tow'rd th'Antarctick Pole,
Majestically (low ;
Save where by hills and rocky force,
Impeded is thy winding couife,
, Impetuous there they flow.'
Such rocks at Walpole's lofty bridge,
On cither fide a broken ridge
Ascending high areiecn ;
Their horrid tops with fpru :e are crown'd,
And opaque hemlocks made the ground,
The waters pent between.
And pent th* indignant waters roar,
And lafti with ftrcngth the rocky ihore,
Impatient of their bound ;
Then prone they plunge the dreadful deep,
In broken cataract seek the deep,
While thunder swells the found.
Descending then, thy waters lave
The fertile shores with milder wave, ,
Where richer profpe&s rife ; •
Springfield and Hartford owe their trade,
Their commerce to thy powerful aid,
And know thy worth to prize.
Thence (loops fwift in the watery chace,
And bulky barks thy furface grace
With choicest treafurc* crown'd ;
From foreign kingdoms thofc import
Riches that well adorn a court,
And these dispense them round.
'Ti» from high life, high characters are drawn,
A faint in crapc, is twice a faint in lawn.
PROVIDENCE, which has placed one thing
over against another, in the moral as well as
physical world, has furprizingly accomodated
the qualities of men, to answer one another.
There is a remarkable disposition in mankind to
congratulate with others in their joys and prof
perity, more than to fynipathize with them in
their sorrows and advcrlity. We may appeal to
experience. There is less disposition to congra
tulation with genius, talents or virtues, than
there is with beauty, strength and elegance of
person ; and less with these, than with the gifts
of fortune and birth, wealth and fame. The ho
mage of the world is devoted to these lafl in a re
markable manner. Experience concurs with re
ligion in pronouncing, molt decisively, that this
world is not the region of virtue or happiness ;
both are here atfehool, and their (truggles with
ambition, avarice, and the desire of fame, appear
to be their discipline and exercise. The gifts of
fortune are more level to the capacities, and
more obvious to the notice of mankind in gene
ral : and congratulation with the happiness or
fancied happinels of others, is agreeable; iyin
pathy with their misery is disagreeable ; from
the former source we derive pleasure, from the
latter, pain. The sorrow of the company at a
funeral, may be more profitable to moral purpos
es, by fuggelting ufeful reflections,than the mirth
at a wedding; but it is not so vivid nor so sin
cere. The acclamations of the populace at an
ovation or triumph, at a coronation or inftallati
on,are fromthe heart, and their joy is unfeigned.
Their grief at a public execution is less violent
at least ; if their feelings at such fpetftacles were
very distressing, they would be less eager to at
tend them. What is the motive of that ardent
curiosity to fee fights and shows of exultation*?
the proceflions of princes ? the ostentation of
wealth ? the magnificence of equipage, retinue,
furniture, buildings and entertainment ? There
is no other answer to be given to these questions,
than the gaiety of heart, the joyous feelings of
congratulation with such appearance? of felicity.
And for the vindication of the ways ofGod to man,
and the perpetual consolation of the many who
are fpecftators, it is certainly true, that their 1
pleasure isalwaysas great, and commonly much
greater, than that of the few who are the a<stors.
National passions and habits areunweildy, un
•manageable and formidable things. The num
ber of persons in any country, who are known
even by name or reputation to all the inhabitants,
is, and ever mufi be very final!. Those, whose
characters have attracted the affeiftions, as well
No. IX
as the attention of an whole people, ricquire an
influence and ascendancy that it is difficult to re
fill. In proportion as men rife higher in the
world, whether by election, descent or appoint
ment, and are cxpofed to the observation of great
er numbers of people, the effects of their own
passions, and of the affections of others for them
become more serious, interesting and dangerous.
In elective governments, where firlt magistrates
and senators are at Hated intervals to be chosen,
these, if there are no parties, become at every ■
frefli election, more kno>vn, considered and be
loved, by the whole jjation. But, if the nation
is divided into parties, those who vote for a man,
become the more attached to him for the oppofi
tion, that is made by his enemies. This national
attachment to an elective firft magistrate, where
thereis no competition, is very great : but where
there is a competition, the paflions of his party,
are inflamed by it, into a more ardent enthuliafm.
If there are two candidates, each at the head of a
parry, the nation becomes divided into two nati
ons, each of which is, in fact, a moral person, as
tuucli as any community can be so, and are soon,
bitterly enraged against each other.
It has been already said, that in proportion as
men rife higher in the world, and are exposed to
the observation of greater numbers, the effects of
these passions are more serious and alarming.
Impreifions on the feelings of the individual, are
deeper ; and larger portions of mankind become
interested in them. When you rife to the firft
ranks, and consider the firft men ; a nobility
who are known and respected at least, perhaps
habitually esteemed and beloved by a nation ;
princes and kings, 011 whom the eyes of all men
are fixed, and whose every motion is regarded,
the consequences of wounding their feelings are
dreadful, because the feelings of an whole nati
on, andfometimes of many nations, are wounded
at the fame time. If the smallest variation is
made in their Situation, relatively to each other j
if one who wasinferiour is raised to befuperiour,
unlets it be by fixed laws, whose evident policy
and necessity may take away disgrace, nothing
but war, carnage and vengeance, has ever been
the usual consequence of it. In the examples of
the houses Valois and Bourbon, Guise and Mont
morency, Guifeand Bourbon, and Guise and Va
lois, we have already seen very grave efFe<fts of
these feelings, and the history of an hundred
years which followed, is nothing but a detail of
other, and more tragical effects of similar causes.
(Tobe continued.)
Trdhjlatcifrom the "French Patriot,"* apapcr
puklijhcd by M. De Warville. Jar. i.
Ex trad oj a Utter from Switzerland.
YOU are right in supposing that ariftoqracy ex
ists in Swiczerland : Nothing is morearifto
cratic than the government of fame Cantons—but,
nothing is more opposite, than what exists in Tome
others. There is not on entjre agreement be
tween the different forms of government which
we find in the country, known under the general
name of Switzerland : You find here nations the
most free of any upon the face of the earth, and
others equally despotic, governed as they were in
France, under Louis XIV. The French fugi
tives reside for the most part in the latter, and for
hospitality and conformity of sentiments, tliey
find here every body in unison with them, and
for my part 1 find myfelf almost alone. There is
among our refugees a rage, a rancor, and animo
sity which furpafles all belief—and there is no
species of horrors and infamy, which they do not
daily utter against the Aflembly, Paris, and the
Nation. Agreeable to this every body here lives
in hope of another, and a contrary revolution
which they foment to the utmoitof their power.
* At the head of this paper is the following fenlcnce : A free
Gazette, and a Sentinel, which V'atchesinccffanily for the people.
A Writer in the Boston Independent Chronicle
obterves, "As a young and growing nation.calling
into action all the poifible resources of which eve
ry part is poflefl'ed, is in facfl, enriching and Cup
porting the whole : The interests of the Southern
and Northern divisions of this extensive conti
nent, are by no means incompatible What are
we to infer then, from the multiplied petitions
and remonstrances with which the congreflional
table has been piled, from the Eafhvard of the
Hudson ? The inference is plain; the people are
in a ftifFering and it is thus that fheir
fufferings are declared—What are wc to infer
from the silence of the citizens to the southward '
That their comparative situation is better, and
they therefore are contented But why these lo
cal diltindions ?—Are we not the fame people >
Does not the malady of a part, direcftly or indi"
recftly, mediately or immediately, communicate
irs baneful influence to the body at large .'—Will
Georgia or the Carolinas be at ease, if the Mafli
chufetts Connecticut or New-Hampshire were
undone-Offence and defence, are the great
objects of the social compact.
The efforts ofthe Seamen and Manufacturers of
America, were a great inftrument-they were in
deed the axis of the late revolution "
SLAVERY. AN extract.
NARAGANSET in Rhode-Island, is a feuile
trad: of country, laid out in rich inclofurc'
and it may be jullly itiled the garden of America'
This charming country about lixty years aa 0 '
literally enjoyed all tiie l'vveers of the golden age
—but mark the event! —thefe happy farmers m
those days, were infatuaLed with importing Haves
and they have entailed upon their poilericy t li«
curse of indolence, and every species Qf cori m,.
tion and dilfipation, and it is these unfortunate
beings who have influenced the difgraceful policv
and projected the measures which nearly rui!,!
Ed the chara<ster of thatftate.
One reason why Dortor Johnson's memory was
so particularly exact, might be derived/w,; fa
rigid attention to veracity ; being always refolded
to relate every faVft as it flood, "he looked on the
fr.ialler parts of life with minute attention, and
remembered such paflages as escape curforyand
common observers.
" A story (fays he) is a fpecnnen of human
manners, and derives its sole value From, iis truth
When Foote has told me something, I ilifmif's it
from my mind like apalTing (hadow": When Rev
nolds (Sir Joshua) tells me something, I conlide
niyfelf as poflefled of an idea more.
B O S T O N, May 23.
We hear from Amherflt, (N. H.) that oneKttj
the perl'on who was convicted of fettingfiie to the
barn of Jofliua Atherton, Efq ; (by which it was
entirely consumed with its content) ajid for
which lie was sentenced by the court to Hand in
the pillory one hour, and receive 20 stripes—set
on the gallows, and receive 50 (tripes, 011 Friday
lail took an effectual and sure method to evade
that puniflnnent which a crime so heinous juftlv
merited. After feiuence was palled upon hia,
he was remanded back to prison, when thejailor
brought him in a plate ol virtuals with a knife
and fork, and withdrew. After some time the
jailor returned to fee his prisoner, when shock
ing to relate, he beheld A'?/ftretched out upon
the floor a corpse, with his throat cut from ear
to ear ! The knife which was brought hiin 10
eat his dinner with, he made use of to effetft lb
dreadful a purpose.
from Hollis we likevvife learn, that a tnan in
that town put an end to his life by hanging him
fclf in his barn.
ALBANY, May 2>.
) efterday afternoon his Excellency the Gover
noi, his honor the Lr. Governor, the hoooraWf
zra L Hommedieu and Richard Varick. Efqrs.
tour of the conimiffioners of this State, for nego
tiating treaties with the Indians, arrived in this
city. 1 hefe gentlemen, with the Hon. Abraham
1 en Broeck, Gen. Peter Ganfevoort, also Corn
miflioners, we are informed, will fliortly set off
for Fort-Schuyler where a treaty wi.h certain of
the Indian fribes residing within this State, is to
be holden the firlt day of June next.
Bethlehem Stages.
T"HE great number of Mifles, who from the bapks of the Dela-
A ware East ward, even to Boston, are now at the young ladies
Academy at Bethlehem, renders some regular, convenient aßd
chrap of conveyance between thattown and New York ut
celTary. i o accommodate parents who have daughters atthat flou
rifhing Academy, and others who may wish to visit that pleafirg;
romantic hill, the fubfejibers are now running stages, which \*ill
continue during the summer, between Elizabeth Town Point and
icthlchem. At each of their places a stage will start every Mo'n
lay and Thursday morning at 5 o'clock, meet at Covcnhovto's
ivern the lame evening, exchange pafTcngcrs, and the next day
fare of each pnflenger from Elizabeth Town Point to Bethle
hern 3 dollars— way paflengers 4d per mile—lsolb. of baggage
the Utme as a Packages and letters will be received »d
c elivered at Mrs. Winant's, White hall, where feats maybcta
" carr 'ag e of a letter 3d —141b. of baggare allowed to cach
I o accomodate those who may wish to take Bethlehem in their
route in journey t»ig between the Ealtern and Southern states, a
fta-e will constantly run between Bethlehem and Philadelphia,
ilarting at Bethlehem every Monday morning.
May ig.
James F. Sebor,
Have it moved from No. 59, to No. 187, Water-Street, neat At
WHERE they negociate all kinds of PUBLICK
A erv~ York. April 8. 17QO. *tf.
""V 196. WAT*" -
C (£3" A gcncr-ous price will be given for Military Rights ofl
5 and. Jcrfcj Paper Money. May 4- J
TO be Sold, an elegant dwelling house, in every circumstance
fitted for a gentleman with a larpje family, situated in a ver Y
pleasant part of Elizabeth Town, New-Jersey. The lot con
tains abont four acres, on which is a very good garden, an a
variety of the best fruit trees. The terms of payment can be mad
so easy as to suit the purchaser. £001 lire of the Subfcribcr >t
12, Wall-Street. 1 EL lAS BOUDINOT-
June 2, , 73 0, 1
. '. ! $ '

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