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LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES.
CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES : AT THI SECOND SESSION. Begun and held at the City of New-York, on Monday the fouith o January, one thousand seven hundred and ninety. AN ACT to continue in force for a limited time, an A6i, intituled " An A<ft for the temporary establishment of the Poft-Office." T) Eit mailed iy the Senate and Houjt of Reprefentdtires of the Uni ted Statu of America in Cong,if, ajfenbled, That the pallid n l fcfflon of Congress, intituled "An »a for the temporary cftabliihrnent of the Poft-Office," be, and the fame'hercby isconti nued in force until the end of the next feflion of Congress and no longer. FREDERICK AUGUSTUS MUHLENBERG, Speaker of the House of JOHN ADAMS, Vice-Prcfident of the United States. and President of the Senate. Approved, August the fourth, 1700. GEORGE WASHINGTON, Prejident ojthe United States. (True Copy) THOMAS JEFFERSON, Secretary of State. AN ACT for the relief of John Stewart and John Davidson. T) E it enacted by the Senate and Houfc of Reprefevtatives of the United AJ States of America in Congress ajfembled y That so much of the du ties accruing on eighteen hundred bulhels of fait imported in the /hip Mercury, into the port of Annapolis, in the state of Mary land, sometime in the month of April last on account of Messieurs John Stewart and John Davidfon, as relates to thirteen hundred and twenty-five buihels thereof, which were casually destroyed by a flood on the night of the fame day on which thej said fait was landed and stored, shall be, and the fame are hereby remitted. FREDERICK AUGUSTUS MUHLENBERG, Speaker of the House of Representatives. JOHN ADAMS, Vicc-Prcfidcnt oj the United States. and President of the Senate. Approved, August the fourth, 1700. GEORGE WASHINGTON, Prejident of the United States. (True CopyJ THOMAS JEFFERSON, Secretary of State RESOLVED, by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States oj America in Congress assembled, That the ex pence of procuring seals for the supreme, circuit, and district Courts of ihe United Srates, shall be defrayed out of the monpy appropria ted b> an ast of the present feflion, for defraying the contingent charges of government. FREDERICK AUGUSTUS MUHLENBERG Speaker ofthe House oj Representatives. JOHN ADAMS, Vice-President ofthe United States, and Prejident of the Senate. Approved, August th e second, 1790. GEORGE WASHINGTON, Prejident ojthe United States. (Tiue copy.J THOMAS JEFFERSON, Secretary of State, RESOLVED, by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States 0/ America in Congress ajfembled, That the clerks in the office of the commiflioiier ot army accounts, are intitled to receive for their services, a sum not exceeding five hundred dol lars, to be paid in the fame manner and at the fame rateas the sala ry allowed to the clerks in the department of treasury : And that the auditor and comptroller be authorized to adjust the accounts of the clerks in the (aid offi e, upon the fame principles as those of the Treasury department, agreeably to the appropriation by law. FREDERICK AUGUSTUS MUHLENBERG, Speaker of the House of Refirefentatives. JOHN ADAMS, Vice-President of the United States. and President of the Senate. Approved August the second, 1790. GEORGE WASHINGTON, President (f the United States. (True Copy.) THOMAS JEFFERSON, Secretary of State- CHANCE OF THE SPANISH MINISTRY Extract of a letter from a house in Cadiz to a merchant J J J in Philadelphia, dated June IJ, 1790. I have the pleasure to inform you of a verj fa vorable change taken place in the miniftiy at our court, which is as follows : His Excellency the Count de Florida Blanca, firft Secretary of State. His excellency Don Antonio Porlier, Minister of grants, and justice for the home and Ameri can department. His Excellency the Count del Canipode Alanxe, Minister of war, for the home and American de partment. His Excellency Don Antonio Valdes, Minister of Marine, and in the absence or sickness of Count Florida Blanca, to a<ft as Secretary of State. His Excellency Don Pedro Lapez de Lerena, Minister of the finances of the home and Ameri can department. His Excellency Don Geronimo Cavallero, Pre sident ot the council of war (a new department) with the fame honors and emoluments as while one of the Secretaries of State. His Exccllency Don Diego de Gardoqui, Don Pedro de Aparicio, and Count de Cafa Valencia, Directors General of the re ve-. Hies and finances of the American department, still retaining their former appointments, with the honors and an tiquity of ihc Pioyal and Supreme Council of the Indies. PUBLISHED ¥ROM WOODFALL'S REGISTER. PROCLAMATION. By the KING of FRENCHMEN. " NEVER have circumstances so urgent requi red all Frenchmen to re-unite in one mind, to ral ly themlelves with courage in support of the law, and to favor with all their might the eftabliih ment of the Conllitution. We have negle<fted nothing in order to inspire every citizen with thele sentiments. We have ourselves given them an example of our entire and unequivocal confi dence in the reprerentativesof the nation, and of our constant difpolition to promote every measure that might contribute to the happiness of our fub jedcs, and the prosperity of France. ' " Can it then be polfible that the enemies of the public welfare ihould still endeavour to inter [ rupt the important labors which occupy the Na tional Aflembly, in concert with us, to infurethe rights of the people, and prepare for their hap pinefs ! That they endeavor to stir up the public mind either by vain terrors and falfe interpreta ons of the decrees of the National Aflembly ac cepted or famfiioned by us ; or try to raise doubts as to our intentions, asill-founded as they are in jurious ; and cloaking their private paflions or interests under the sacred name of religion ? " An oppoOtion so culpable would sensibly af fect us at the fame time that it would excite our utmost indignation. The continual objecfl of our cares is to prevent and repress all of such a nature. We have also judged it worthy of our paternal solicitude, to prohibit even the signs that might manifeft divisions and parties. " Moved by thele considerations, and inform ed that in different parts of the kingdom, indivi dualshave taken the liberty to wear cockades dif ferent from the National one, which we ourfelve* wear ; and reflecting on the inconveniences that may result from this diverflty, we have thonghc fit to prohibit them. " In confeqoence, we forbid all our faithful fubjefts throughout the whole extent of our realm to wear any other than the National Cock ade. We exhort all good citizens to abstain in their speeches, as well as ill their writings, from every reproach or diftin&ion capable of exaspe rating people's minds ; of fomenting divilions, and of serving even as a pretext for any culpable excess." (Signed) LOUIS. And underneath De St. PRIEST." Paris, May 28, 1790. FRANCE. NATIONAL ASSEMBLY. June i. On the day on which M de Voifins fell a fa crifice to the unjust vengeance of the people of Va lence, three other officers were thrown into pri son and thereby saved from the popular fury. *1 lie committee of reports proposed in the fitting of yesterday morning to decree their liberation ; butit is apower belonging to the executive pow er,to which the NationalAflembly has referred it. The Assembly then went into the difcuflion of the projedl of the Ecclesiastical Committee for the organization of the Clergy. The Archbifliop of Aix made a very elegant speech proving the rights of the clergy were too sacred to bedeftroy ed. After some other speakers had delivered their fentinients on theoccafion, the discussion on the general question was closed, and the fitting ended by reading an Address from the Municipality of Montauban, accompanied by a proclamation which on the 26th of last month had been stuck up in that town, to appease the fears of the peo ple on the approach de /' armee bordelaife. LONDON, JUNE 3. The Court of Portugal have jull made public a decree to regulate the future succession to the kingdom. By this decree the succession will, on failure of maleilllie, not only open the succession to the eldeftfemale but to the second and third daughters ; and whoever they fliall marry will en joy the Crown in their right. Ex trail of a letter fiotn Stockholm, April 20. " The court martial which has been so long fitting on the officers who refufed to serve in Finland, in the campaign of 1788, have at lafl made public their sentence, which, if not foften ed by the King, will exhibit a scene of blood that will astonish aU Europe. General d'Armfeldt Colonels Haflefco, and Baron d'Otter, and lieu tenant Colonel KliHgfpot, are condemned to be beheaded, and to lose their honors and estates. ColonelsMontgamerie andLejonftedt are condemn ed to be shot. Several subalterns are also doom ed death : and a great many brave officers, now 111 confinement, are required to ask pardon of the King for their offences ; a punifhmentalmofl as severe as death itfelf, to men who atfed in discharge of what they thought their duty. We still entertain some hopes that it will be foftened by his Majesty." When the inquest were going their rounds in a city parish, to weigh the bread of the bakers and try the scales, measures, &c. of dealers a baker got notice of their approach ; and in a 554 sudden emergency, he tkruft a number of l,,ir crowns into fame loaves that he knew to be n of weight. This was critically observed bv*' paflenger, who determined to punish him. '1/ went into the fliop with the Inquest, itood j, 6 whilfl the loaves were weighed, and b ou? h[ them in their presence. The melancholy bake saw his half crowns depart without darine to Hop them, and for the rirft time in his lift did not cheat his cultomer. 1 June 7. Notwithstanding all the reports of Lord Heathfield's letting out to take the command of the garrison of Gibraltar with the circumstance of his arriving at Dover, &c. See. an evening paper fays, we have refpecfiable authority for fa*, ing, his Lordlhip has not quitted his house in London, nor, perhaps, will he, considering his advanced period of" life and infirmities, refunu that station which he filled with so much honor to himfelf, and glory to the nation. Under similar circuniftances, a veteran officer in Louis XlVtli'* time, being alked by the Kins, " Whether he felt himfelf well enough to re sume his former military station ?" No, Sire replied the veteran, my former services are fuf! ficiently recorded by your Majesty's giving me the choice of again serving you ; but I would choose to dedicate the close of a long life to making up the account between God and my conscience." By accounts from Stockholm, dated the 18th ult. we learn, that on the nth, the Swedilh fleet made an attack on the port of Revel. They en tered the Bay, and a brisk cannonade took place. They silenced the forts which defend the en trance of the harbor, and set fire to the town, which was soon in very general conflagration. They took and burnt seventeen /hips, of which fix were of the line, and the frigates and fmall erfhips, and destroyed a considerable quantity of stores. In this bold and fuccefsful attempt, they loft two fliips of the line, and fuffered a great slaughter. We must wait for the arrival of the mail for the particulars of this important affair ; but from good authority we are inform ed, that the above is the futyftance. Intelligence is said to be received from Vien na, informing, that " Marftial Loudohn had made a sudden movement with his troops, and advan ced within two miles of the frontiers of Prnffiafo unexpetfledly, that the Pruflian troops made a precipitate retreat, supposing the Auftriaiis in tended topoffefs theinlelves of Silesia. Twenty fail of the line is the force preparing by the Dutch,in confequeoce nf T.prd /VmHwil'i reqinfition of the succours (tipulated by tktht* treaty. Admiral Van Kinfbergen has tbe con duct of this naval equipment, which will here viewed by the Prince of Orange previous to its putting to sea. His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales did not appear at St. James's, with his new EPAU. LE n J£, till the evening, it being collar day.— This piece of jewellery is the moil superb ever seen at Conrt, and estimated in value at 22,0001. the form of it is a long shaped oval, the outer row —a circle of very large costly brilliants—the in. ner part, filled with a mosaic of diamonds—the centre of each part of the mosaic filled with afin» brilliant. The brilliant which formed the but ton is valued at 4000 guineas—the whole contain ed near 1000 brilliants of the firft water. DR. FRANKLIN. The amiable Dubourg, who gave the writer of this,the account of Dr. Franklin's death, and who was the firft Frenchman that openly espoused the cause of America, in his Ouvrcs de Franklin, in two volumes, hasinfcribed under theheadofthe Philosopher, the following inscription, " II a ravi de feu des Cieux, 11 fait fleurir Irs arts en des climnts fauvages; " L'Americjue le pl«ce a la tele des sages ; 11 La Grece Pauroit met au nombrc des fes Dicux." It must now be thewifh of every fcientificpei fon, to poflefs an accurate life of this great cha racter ; but where is the historian, who can d#' lineate the man who controuled the tremendous fire of the Heavens, and spread the flame of free" dom over the earth > Dr. Franklin died imnienfely rich, and bts left the bulk of his fort une to his daughter, Mri.Btche, with a large legacy to her husband. WESTMINSTER 'ABBEY. The Musical Feast closed on Thursday with a repetition of the Mefliah, which was performed before a very numerous audience, not left than 2600. His Majesty and three of the Princefl'es were present. The Queen was absent, and, it was said, through indifpofitiori. Hints to Americans who own lands or other realefiatc in England. Persons born in the United States of America fincetheir independence, are incapable of hold, ing lands in Great-Britain, as they are not natur al born fubje<fls of the kingdom. The treaty of peace secures the present holders, but it does not iecure their heirs, confequenrly those eft3tes will be loft as soon as the present proprietors die.— Does not prudence req -i.e that such estates he immediately fold ? ' A Countryman. i