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Y LONDON, July ic.
ESTERDAY Lieut. Gen. Sirßober Boyd paid lus refpetfts to all the members of the cabi net who are in town. He is, it is said, appoint braltar CCC Heathfield, as governor of Gi v T i he w e T. e / al P acket . s the Weft-Indies, New ork, Halifax, and Lilbon, which have been de tained for government difpatchesat Falmouth are intended to fail from thence to morrow if the wind be fair. ' The formidable preparations throughout the I VC » e 'P orts th ' s kingdom, as well as those tnro Spain, and even those of our neighbours of trance indicate, in powerful terms, alinoll the certainty of an approaching war, and seem to threaten, in the language of lioltile indignation a general rupture ; yet notwiihltanding all these ■extraordinary exertions, there are extant at this moment, circular letters of a late date, from the Com pee de Florida Blanca, to the principals of the several trading houses in the several seaport towns of Spain, alluring them, that all intentions of war are laid aside : advising them to continue their traJhc with Great Britain asufual, a „d i„- luurtg to them the fecttrity and fafety of their property. J Yesterday morning Mr. Shaw, the meflenger, arrived at the duke of Leed's office, with dif! patches from earl Gower, at Paris. Mr. Sli.iw reports, that on the road between Calais and Paris he saw several people who were pointed outtohim, as being in wait toapprehend the person of the late duke of Orleans, whom it was further reported at Calais had received no tice of this coufpiracy against him, and it is be lieved he would in consequence return to Lou don. The duke of Orleans it is true did go to Brigh ton—but from Brighton, on Friday last. he fail ed for Dieppe. A Chellea pensioner in Scotland, on his Maief ty s birth-day, after getting hinifelf completely drunk, out oi his abundant zeal, actually set fire to his own house, by way of bonfire, which was loon reduced to allies. Sir Gerrard Vanneck's unfuccefsful attempt of the county ofSufFolk, stands among the mod ex pen live of electioneering contests. It is compu tecl that 30,0001. will not repay him. 111 England, fays a Frenchman, humanity is extended to the animals which are deltined to the llaughter-houfe. Familhed dogs are not per mitted to anticipate their tortures. Yet, the Ne groes of the Englilh colonies are ltill more unfor tunate than thole of the French. Butthei'e Ne groes pollefs the lame virtues. During the late American war, a Negro, be longing to Colonel Laugdon, followed his matter in a painful march : — Seeing the Colonel almott overcome with fatigue, hefaid, Mafter,you fuffcr great deal, but you fight for liberty ; mi too fuffcr, •with patience, if me have liberty to defend ! The Colonel gave him this precious gift on the spot ; and he has not fiilce had a more zealous defen dei, a more disinterested friend, 01* a more faith ful fervanr. 1 here is no example of a Negro having return ed ingratitude for the gift of liberty. They are not, however, ignorant that you only relforethat of which you had no right to deprive them. Who can fee without being affected, .ihehonelf James (the Negro whole ane dote is every where known) approach the beneficent Quaker who hadjnlt given him his liberty, and hear him fay : " Give me thy hand, generoiSs man, that I may place it On my heart, that this may be the firftaftofthat liberty which you reltore to me. In former times it was counted a hardship to be elected member of Parliament, and the Mem- bers were allowed wages, four (hillings a day for members of counties, and two shillings for others. —The cafe, foniehow or other, is ltrangely al tered now. ft surely is a desirable thing to be a memberof Parliament, more to be " den red than gold, yea tlian much fine gold." One candidate, for a coun ty not far from Surry—and yet not Surry itfelf, lias one hundred coaches in pEy,at four pounds pr. day —and between one thing and another, this gen tleman is supposed to spend three thousand pounds a day. At another ele(stion, for a borough, a voter was imported From France, whither he had retired fume years for the benefit of certain benefits, which he could not receive ii: this country—in a word, he was an outlaw—and the expedition with which he returned after the poll, was there fore none of the flowt«l. Statement oftbs property of the clergy, translated from an authenicated French paper. IT is anxioully demanded, -what can be the a mount of the property of the clergy. A compleat sol ution of the quellion may be had in Morery'j dictionary, publiflied in the year 1759- See tome page 71 5 —Art. France. Archbifhopricl<s and bilhopricks portefs more than 40,000 parilhes. There are 1356 abbies— 12400 priories—246 commanderies of Malta— Ji3,Q®p chapels, each with a chaplain; ty which he totjl revenue ok all tliefe properties a mounts to 312,000,000 of livres. P P the *<r C °u PU^ at i° n is taken from the records of Cheaflemblyofthe clergy, held in Paris in the annnal inn buC ,f nce . the Parties, pofleffions, and annual income have increased in proportion with the conquests of Lewis the XiVth, and the caufcs , hereafter mentioned. ] Caufet of Irurtafe, ' r 1 • Val " e ? f ,? oin which was then 28 livres, 13 'ois, is now 56 livfes a marck. tIJV Th rt ab ° V n declaratio " did not comprehend the forefts, mills, prefslioufes, ovens, tile kilns iron works, archbishops and biihops palaces, war dens and houfei for the use of nuns" monki and curates—therefore their value must be added. 3" revenues of fevera! congregations, such as nnffionanes, feminaries,metropolitan and col legiate chapters, nearly equal to a fifth of the a rorefaid income. 4- The provinces and principalities,either con quered, or annexed to the kingdom, since the year 1655, areas follows: Alsace, tranche Comte, RouffiHon, Trois Eveches, Hainault, Flanders, Artois, Cambrefis, Lorraine, Burrois, Orai.sre Monaco, Foix, Corsica, where there are five bifh opucks. The churche's revenues in these pro vinces and principalities amount to one half of lion*" m the ab ° Ve mentioned declara- From these observations and causes of increase it may be ascertained that the annual income of clergy is four tunes greater than it was, or was fa id to be, m the deciaration made in the year 165;, viz. 1,248,000,060 of livres, equal to 1,250,000,000 guineas in principal. WHAT- A PRIZE i TORBAY, Joly 9. '— O- - « Sailed this morning, the Southampton and M. nerva frigates, in quest: of two Spanilh frigate* cruising oft Scilly, one of which fired upon the expedition cutter, lately come into Falmouth. i he above veflbls are the primeft sailers in the Brittlh navy, and in the event of their coming up with theDons,a reasonable reparation of the injury ottered to our flag, may be expe<fred. Ibe Spaniards for several months pad have been pouring troops into all their Wclt-lndia i llancls. A large fleet of Spnnifti fliips has been seen late ly lteering their course for Hifpaniola. The Spanifli fleet is reported to be well man ned, and in much greater force than was at firll Fufpected. Four Hanoverian regiments are deflined for Gibralrar, to join and aifift in the defence of that garrison. Of courle everything wears each day a greater semblance of hostility. he Congress, for a genera] pacification on the continent, is confidently said to be suddenly broken up ; and the Mir.ifter of the King of Fruf iia.has returned to his court re Should this be true which we are warranted to believe the treaty about Nootka Sound will of course go ito the ground, and a general war be inevitable. It is likewise said, that in confequencc of af fairs taking this turn, fix regiments of Hessians and Hanoverians arc taken up for the service of Great-Britain. On Tuesday last, at Aix la Chapelle, of a para lytic ftroke,died the gallant veteran of the Rock. Lord Heatlifield. v ' As long as valor can excite the tribute of vir tue—as long as courage and condud; continue the objetfts of veteran praise, and youthful emulati on, so long fliall the fame of Elliot shine in undi miniihed splendor. BOSTON, September 11. A FINE DAY's WORK. We mention the following authentick parti culars, as well to ijhew the spirit of enterprize of our countrymen, as the fertility of the foil. Mr. Willard of Charleston, No. 4, a short time since built a barn, 40 feet by 28, raised it, covered it, and put into it nine hundred shocks of wheat and all in one day. The /hocks will produce at leall one thousand bufliels of wheat ; and part of the timber of which the barn is conftrudled, was growing in the field 011 the above day. THE PRESIDENT'S PORTRAIT, Is finilhed by Trumbull—and a fine thing it is ; designed and executed in his fuperiour ltyleof excellence. It is a full length, in his uni form of blue and buff—boots and spurs—head un covered, —most nobly relieved, in contra<sl with a luminous cloud and fine light sky—nearly a front position, with his right hand and arm thrown 011 the (addle of an elegant white horse, with inimitable ease—the beast in the action of biting the middle-joint of his near foreleg :—This po fition of rhe horse fhowshis neck to great advan. tage, while it leaves the PRESIDENT'S head, as it ought to be, the most confpicuoua objett in the 599 pidure. There are distant profpeds of particu lar and interesting scenes, as accompaniments. The whole piece is deligned 10 convey topofteri ty an idea of 1 Hj£ MAN, at that molt inrerelting peiiod, when he finilhed his career of military glory—the evacuation of New-York. It is there fore a warm, and highly animated business in every refped:. PHILADELPHIA, September 13 ExtraCl of a letter from Liverpool', dated 25th July and received ij tLjhip Mau'cheft'er, Capt. "C/aj> " War is still uncertain, although the utmost exertions are making injfittingauttwo grand fleets uiider the command of Howe, Barrington, Hood, Extratt from another Hottfe 9 July 24. Nothing appears to be,as yet absolutely de termined on as to peace or war, but it is our opi nion, and we think you may certainly . reckon, that 11 AR will be the result of the present dis pute with Spain." NEW-YORK, SEPTEMBER 18. Under th* auspice» of the federal government, what a hippy change has taken place in our country! Before the adoption of the Federal Conftituuon •« every head was lick, and every heart faint" —and It may be very fafely asserted, that our commerce, aericul "7 and manufefturcs owe then present encouraging affect entire ly to a confidence in government : Pe ac e and Sec uni r v fprinc and n !hr f t r ° m f " C ' r P r °P er source iin P" ce > 'he arts flouring nd the fccurity of la ws draws into circulation the portable pro. trViL 0 Ve / y r ""r m ' communit y i>t is therefore to con dict our senses to fay that we derive no national advantage* from the general government-and he is an enemy to the bed interest tLrn^r lTy W f ? a,tcm f ts 10 depreciate its blessings, or leflen the confidence of the people in its administration. Representation is the fafeguard of freedom : It is a disco very of modern,eg, like other results of dear bought experience, and longinvelligation, is proportionably to be valued - It s Lb! VP ! Im P° rtant P r ' v ' le s e « " liable to be abused.-- I ness or , r,i:, "' hCpC ° plc lbufc thcmrdv «. when a fickle of mind induces them to change old and faithful fe-vana for new ones, who must necefiarily have a character to form It is a hToffi * / ° f un P rlnc, P lc <l men, the idea of rotation in office is made a (talking horse, under cover of which, persons of .°hepe e o D pre. r ' ghttothepUbliC C ° nfidcn «- The freedom of election is a (Wow without a substance unlefc people feel themfelve, at perfect liberty to chufe SXt —and in directing their choice, there is no guide so infalliMr ». S|>t , ritncc of ,he worth . P r <>bity, and of those who have already served them Tl,;. r ■ of of the moll invaluable privileges Tf a free that the principle of rotation, as contended for byfomVdTm^l' gosues and ftekers for places, absolutely deftrovs •7, g tainly the heigh,hof ba'd policy,, introduce nei men fn o offir" Where experience „ one of the firft and most effential"eqTfi** ' Extrad eja letter ft on BoJlok, Sett. Electioneering runs nigh here : I hardly think there will .. alteration in Suffolk, Essex, or Middlesex : In the Xr change is more probable. aiftncu, Extraa ojanother letter tJ [<imc date R,?n U r r m ne \ Paper ' k L "P il U P "to '""Pioneering : The *r«at Law heaiviC:"hs'i/l t tonkas'fcLnf •''snccef"" a political enterprise, afford, the only a^L £ .f.."rn - r °~* jsr^ss and a merchant, and i, well acquainted with !h e commercial interests of the United States. and Ob a fubjectof phfied than in the anfwcrs of The f to the numerous add relies which havi- " of . the United States, all parti of the Union. These I P rel ® nt ed so him from loim in some predominant features fnl been un U »e»t to the " gr Srb/l fc"?*" ° f it,4ch ihefMlmgj ofthehem. Thefehwebeen f h Fifi?F" S ' WiUianT Bradford, FA William Finley. """" uJZZJ*? s ;r commcncec^X^o/A^™ 0 ' " nd twent V f ° u ' cand.d«« :n r :he C °Hon ed E- araon S ° th and the HonOl. 'CT° T ' Th' W o L r L r f W f ' ndham - created DoVor'in Moan, Veton n on Sa'u C f d^'L C ft Stat " W " « the ] Re°v" Mr d Hill:r n M n .l la s' " "T"*' daughter cf the .ate J oh "X^'waßE Platt, of rh's ntv. 4- 10 Kichard PRICE CURREM PUBLIC SECURITIES. Final Settlements 12fa , ,3/5 Indent, j/i. a j/t. JO State Securities if. ARRIVALS SINCE OUR LAST. — -NW.YORK. J5 Bctfc y; Mcfnard, London, 4g days Hope, Hawley, Cape-Francoi,, y ' Brooks, St. Sebastian, 7 ,