OCR Interpretation

Gazette of the United-States. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793, November 10, 1792, Image 1

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030483/1792-11-10/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 185

[No. 47, of Vol. IV.]
No. IV.
Continued from the Gazette of the\sh ult..
A DISREGARD for the public cre
dit, or to life terms more corres
pondent with the idea of the writer,
a desire to extirpate it, is the remain
ing article, in the 1 ilt of charges
which have been brought forwatn oy
tiie American againll Mr. Jefferfon.
In the notice I firft took of these al
legations, this had escaped me. It
(hall however now receive the atten
tion to which it is entitled.
To support this charge,a paragraph
stated to be an extract from one of
his letters to the former Congress,
containing some communication re
lative to a proposed transfer of the
French debi, to a company of Dutch
merchants, has been submitted to the
public v: e w. Upon (his ii.igli <j,>cu
ment it has been rested, and upon
this of course mud the demonftraii
on depend.
The extra A in question lias been
repi tfemed to be as follows. " Jfthere
W .r danger of the public payments
i ■ 0c 1 )» punctual, i fubinit wlje
may not be better that the
•ius which would then arise,
:>e transferred from a court
s good offices we have f 0 much
netru, . i ilie breaits ol a private com-
P : • >$y iliis Mr. Jefferfon is ex
hni.it I,if not as the author of this
propulsion, ypt as fubmining it sin
g!y # to i licit couiitfe itiun, and prefl
mg iis adoption by Congress. Hr.d
Irom lie manner oi ihe publication,
and his comments on ii, the honor
and ci edu of the writer become
pledged, 11 <{ onlv f>r i « truth and
accuracy but likewifc for iis impar
tiality, in prefeniing before the pub
lie, a full and candid ftateiiient of
whatever was neceliary to enable
them to foi m ajult ediniate of its
Of Wiijl
To exculpate him from tins dilho
norable imputation, even the extract
furnilhed, f\tlfe and deceptive as it
is, upon a found couftruc'tion, would
have been fuSicient. The sole ques
tion it involves is, whether the (.on
grefs would consent that the French
court (houid aliign the debt vve owed
them, to a company of private mer
chants ; whether they would agree,
to pay the latter at the fame time,
•nd under the fame conditions, pre
cisely the fame sum vve owed the fot
n*Cl\ , JefFsrfon had advocated
this idea, wherein does the turpitude
con/ilt ! Debts between individuals
have this property, and alignments
of ihem are daily supported in the
courts of law and equity. I hose
fiom the public to individuals like
vile have it : indeed the greater
part, perhaps by this time the whole,
of the American debt has undeigune
this process. Upon what principle J
then refule it to thac due to France.'
Dees morality diflinguifti between
the cases ? Or were the claims of
that magnanimous nation, for part
advances, and at a period of great
diftreli, less to be regarded ? or
thole, who were to profit by thetranf
acftion, less the favorites of our go
vernment, than others who have since
infelled its ieat, and preyed upon in
But (he vindication of Mr. J'jffer
fon againlt ibis charge does not reft
upon the above principle. The con-
ot his lettei, even in the extrnc't
published, have been fhamefully mis
represented ; other pat ts, abloluiely
necefl'ary for ihe full conipreheniiyn
of it fupjn elled ; and the propofiiion
* TVk wr-.ter in answer to a very sensible
and well written piece under the oi'
-ARistidk; has confefled that the firit ftateraent
made bv him with 'o much confidence, was in
•ccurit'e ; but even here he still rtate> it in a
point of view which jiiftifies the remark I have
A NATIONAL PAPER, PUBLISHED w* 'ui tS n ,v. , r ,,. _ ■ '
• which he difcauntenanced, nnpofed
on him as his own. 1 have lately
seen an extra A, in pofleflion of a gen
tleman, who was at that time a mem
■ ber of the Congress, and whose au
thenticity cannot be questioned, which
verifies wha< I have here advanced.
The only proportion which he made
< to Congress, was to borrow the mo
ney in Holland, and discharge the
Fi encii debt. 1 his alone was his
wi<h. With tefpeift to the projetfrof
the transfer he was only the vehicle
of communication, and ac the parti
cular request of the agent of the com
pany ; hazarding transiently »nly,
m presenting it to the view of that
body, an idea which occurred, and
which mult have occurred to any o
ther pet (on, that it might be better
to have for creditors,thofe from whom
110 friendly offices had been received, I
tha.} a powerful nation who bad al>
ready-conferred, and from whom we
might hereafter have occalion to so
licit, the most important fe'rvices.
Mr. JefFerlon never fought to in-
t 1 ranee : that court- and the
whoie nation would exculpate him
trom the charge. And the imputati
on of intendingany deception on the
mercantile company, is equally falfe
and groundless. By them the con
tract was solicited of France ; and
for t he deposit of twenty millions of
livres, they were to have become in
titled to twenty-four, making there
by a clear gain of four millions,with
the high rate of intered ftipnlated
[by the loan. Our afient was only de
liiedfor its consummation. Is it to
be presumed that this company were
ignorant of the atfiual state of the
iU\Jn or Hf nur ability to pav it ? aiicL.
was it in such event his duty to in
terfere, in derogation of the charac
ter of his country, to warn them of
the danger of our probable failure ?
The person who publilhed the mu
tilated extract pollelles I presume tlie
true one. The whole was deposited
in the quarter from whence it is be
lieved to have been taken. I now
therefore call upon hiin to produce
the imire paragraph in his defence.
In contempt ofofficialduties, as here
tofore suggested and not denied, the
veil of secrecy has been torn from it.
Whatever detriment, if any, could
be futtained from the exposure of a
confidential paper, has been already
rendered. It only remains by the
publication of the truth, to fix the
itigma on him who deserves it. Let j
this likewile proceed from the fame;
party thus notably diftinguilked, in j
| gratification of private fevenge, for;
the pernicious example of a gross j
violation of the duties of a public t
ti ulb, and a glaring outrage on the :
delicacy of a foreign correspondence.
The viiionary danger which threat
ens in the minds of some men, the
public credit, has long been a theme
for copious declamation. An enqui
ry into any proposition, fandioiied
■by a certain party, however uncon
i net'ted wiili it, has been represented
[as f'eeking its deftrurtion ; and thole
who conduct it, though other wife pre
eminent ly d illiuguilhed for their ta
lents, their pairiotifm, their public
and private vittues, as having this
object solely in view. Much labor
and ingenuity have alio been bellow
ed in an effort to iinprefs the public
creditors wi.h a belief iliat 011 the
I'uccels of this enterprising faction, in
all its meafuies, their fafety depends.
Can ihefe arts long bewilder the pub
lie mind, and divert it from the true
object of enquiry ? Can any person
who difpalfionately contemplates the
obvious tendency of meafuies, withj
the known and avowed principles of
those who elpoufe them, doubt that
the end to which they are intended
to be made subservient, far furpafl'es
the honelt boundary of a ftritfl fulfill
ment of the public faith ?
Saturday, November io, 1792.
' | ''HE form is that of an egg, cut
acrois. There are fix rows of
boxes, which are narrow in fron f,
but very commodious, and hold eight
perlons each. The king's box is in
the second row, and fronts theftage ;
it is 30 feet wide, Paris meafule, and
the back front is covered with look
i"j- g!-'s, which reflects the stage so,
th 'L thole who happen to have their
backs turned to the adlors, being ei
. ther conversing or at play, may fee
1 the performance in a miiror. These
glafles form a partition, which may
j moved whenever they choose to
: enlarge the box, there being a room
! behind. The very grear breadth of
I tbt ft<age produces a 1110 ft noble ef
>' "5. r h proxeniurci meafutes for
jt yfive Paris feet. The depth of the
jftige one hundred and five, beyondj
j \"hich they can have a paved court of!
feet. A gentle rife is contrived J
u the fides, by which may be intro
duced triumphal cars for great pro
ceflions, liorfes, &c. They can also
throw a draw-bridge across when the
ne requires it, and have a contriv
ance for letting in water, so as to pro
duce a jet d'eau of thirty feet high.
Sixty liurfes at a time have been bro't
on the stage, and have manoeuvred
with eafein representation of battles,
&c. The orchestra it so curiously
conftrmfled, as, by having a place
left underneath, which is concave
and feinicircular, to augment the
the found of the inliruments very
IF any government has a right to be obeyed
it is a republican government; the people!
only obey themfeives— each individual fubmitsi
to the whole ibciety. It is not doing fufficient
justice to republicanism to fay that the people
(übmit to authority, they in fact exercise it,
they rule their rulers. In a thouiand forms, in
practice as well as in theory, a republican na- i
tion is the real sovereign ; Americans have bled
to eflablHh this truth, and now lhalJ they deny
it ? rhe world has profited by the lefibnswhich
.;ave coil us iodear, and more than one great
nation is now reducing them to practice, fliall
we, in spite oi our own experience and ap
plause, which encourage us to proceed, tread
backward and !ole our rank among freemen ?
\ve are lead by the extraordinary nature of the
resolutions of certain persons in the back coun
ties of Pennsylvania, to aik whether in our
country these truly republican principles have
trteir authority ? Whether like ingenious
lophifms which are the fafhion of one age and
out oi vogue in the next, they are to be ad
mired in books and rejected in the ad minflra
tion of public affairs ? But the people of Ame
rica know, and it is a truth written with their
biood, that their freedom confifti in their being
governed by laws of their own enacting. It is
a folemtx truth, and to be praefciftd, or law and
equal right, and liberty would lose half their
value by losing all their obligation.—What
then fliali we fay to the resolutions ? They af
fe<X to abhor an excile law ; in this pollibly tHey
may be fin cere, and thole will mod readily be
have they are so, who suppose they equally ab
hor all law out their own will, and all govern
ment but their own pafllons. It may not be a
hard or difficult task for a few artful men in a
country where few minifterg of the gospel arc
to be found, and few ii any ichools are kept, to
persuade the uninformed that an excile or any
other law is unfriendly to their liberties. Any
law is unfriend v to the wild liberty of an indi
vidual ; but civil liberty cannot fubifift an hour
wiitjppt 'aw-—the liberty a ftromger man than I
las to knock me the headmuirbe refrained,
or I can enjoy no liberty. We think the people
oi the New-England States do not love liberty
ieis than the iettlers in the back parts of Penn
fvlvania ; yet they have been long used to an
excile, and submit to it cbearfully, as they fee
the Treasury of the United States filled with
the monies arising from the duties on their dis
tilleries. Direct taxes are by this means nfvoid
ed, and the farmer is left to pursue his impor
tant calling without interruption. But arc the
frontiers of Peunfylvania to be defended by
committees of correspondence created for the
express purpose of opposing the laws ? Are they
to be exempt from the very taxes which #aufe
the ilream of public money to continue to flow
mto that country who will not pay a far thine,
[Whole No. 569.]
>-> the L'nitcd State;' Is all the horthe* to \c
orne by those who cfc>?y t'i? Jaw i What riot"
t iignily t.'u-.t laws a<e ma 'e by r-prefent-.tivct
qually chosen, and on principles of equal jus*
ice, it they are not equally enforced : Sure;*/
t any arc to be treated with partial favor it
houUi not be the breakers of the'public peace ;
t ihould not be those who confplre ngainft law
nd liberty. They pretend to dread the arbi
rary nature of an excise act. Who believe«
hose understand well what liberty is who prac
ife it To illy . What is to be the eife<st of thele
combinations—these county meetings ? Are
:h?*y ready to r«Hft the will of t) e tiopli ex-
M the law of the land, or (hall the#' re
liance controul the government ? In a word,
bair the people of the United States be go
erned by the four western counties of Pemt
ylvania ? or, flia.ll thole counties be governed
>y the people of the United Srates ? The excifc
aw might perhaps be wanting in many provi
ions to feenre its due execution ; but it has
icver been Oicwn (and is hardly pretended) to
save any tiiinic in it more dangerous to liberty
han the impost act; yet the merchants who
übmit to the latter, have (hewn themselves
:minently*attached to liberty and good govern
nent The w*xcile law ever i.:J many pre
udices to contend against—allowances ought
:o be made for the firft unfavorable impreifions
>n men not much accuftomei to law—such al
owances were the more proper to be made, as
uen were not wanting who made it a business
o blow up the minds of the people «i<yiintl the
■>tcife. Every body knows how restless and
mprincspled men get power and influence, in
urbulent times*—-for that end they seize every
»ccafion to make the times turbulent. All
nefe allowances have been made for the oppo
ers of the law—time ha-, been allowed for their
>aflions to subside, and their prejudices to wear
'Ut > tueir outrages have been winked at, and
n condescension to them the law has been re
afed, and almost every exceptionable or ob
loxious part, as far as could cor.fift with* the
xecution of «t, has been modified. The in
rcafcd and increasing expence of an Indian
var w,:y;'\ carries tie solid wealth of the other
•aits of the United States into the wilderness,
eemed !:o be iufLcient to silence those who are
o direftlv interested ; but we behold with re
;ret and ftnpi'ife t'.iat a plan of opposition to
he law has been matured into a l vftcm. A
neeting of private persons aifqmes for the back
ounties of Pennsylvania, the authority of a
"üblic body. Any mail wha Hiall be so loft to a
enie of right and wrong as to accept of a com
uifiion from the President of the United States
o execute this law, is to be cut off from focie
y. Like Cain, he is to become on outcast, and
very man's hand is to be railed against him.
•Vhat doth all this mean ? the will of part of
tie people of a small part of L e mfylvania, is
►ppofed to the will of the Unired Stales that
s to their law— and they let ns know that their
orce also is opposed to that of the nation. Ei
her this open refinance to lawful authority is
o remain or to be suppressed. If it remain,
hen the law must be repealed, for it would be
nonftrous to colledt taxes from those who are
billing to pay, and to excuse those who defy
he power of the Union, and dare you to en
force the laws. If the laws be repealed what
iiall be lubfcituted ? such a law as a Jew indi
viduals will be jlie afed of their own free will to
'bey, or must we do as we can without any
aw of the kind ? What law for collecting an
nternaJ revenue would be fubmittedto by meu
vho pursue measures subversive of all law and
•rder, it is not easy to conje&ure. Would they
iot tar and feather a collector of a land or poll
ax? The produce of their farms ij not to be
ouched—ls this not faying government fball
xempt our persons and property from taxes,
aid they are welcome to what they can get
ithei wife. It is a farce to conjecture what re
enue law will suit them—ls it poflible to re
>ea' the law in question confillent with the pub
ic good ? The money raised by it, now, mult
•e then fought for in some other way—rtne im
loft is already great; will the farmers of Ame
ica now treed from land taxes, and as it were
eftored to the use of their hands, submit to
ave them tied again, and a second time taJke
he miliftone of direst taxation about their
ecks, becaule the frontier people of Pennfyl
ania dislike the present mode of raising mOr
ey ? It no money ought under present circinn
lances to be obtained by dry taxes, and no
nore ought to be railed by iinpoft, what other
noper and adequate revenue is to be eftablifk
td ? none is suggested. Shall the laws of the
Jnited States be opposed, and in effect set
ilide and repealed in the corner of one State ?
Perhaps they will fuffer others to pay, and may
tope money will thus be obtained for public exi
gencies. It concerns the dignity of a repub
ican to shew that the law is really supreme.
The difol>edience of the minority is a wrong
lone the majority-—Burdens are made unequal.
.The conititution of the United States and the
laws of Congress have made provision for exe«-
cuting the lawful authority, and they are no
more than a dead letter if it be not done. A
tardy support of the law is a surrender of it.
It can only embolden the oppofers—-it will ag
gravate the malady whick must be destroyed or
it will destroy.

xml | txt