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Gazette of the United-States. [volume] (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793, December 26, 1792, Image 3

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tlie support of the public credit; no encreafe oi
the public debt is contemplated, laid he, but di
refily tlie reverie.
Mr.Chrkl'aid he never, wh'le he had a feat
in the house, would content to a foreign loan,
unlels the exigencies of the country were much
greater than at prel'ent. He had rather pay 7t
percent to our own utizeus than 5 per ceut to
foreigsers- He obje&ed to the indefinitenefs
of the fe&ion, and moved to amend it by add
ing a clause which Ihould confine the loan with
in the United States.
Mr. Fitzlimons suggested to Mr. Clark a
proviso agreeable to his own idea, that the in
terest be at 6 per cent.
Mr. Clark replied —he said he had no doubt
ilmight be had M 6p?rcent. or less.
Mr. Williamfon said, he wiflied the gentle
man would point out, how he would contrive
to prevent foreigners from being our creditors,
even by confining the loan to the United States?
at an intereflof6 percent, you will in fait give
a premium of above ao,ooo dollars per annum,
which might be saved by opening a loan at 5 per
cent, in Europe;—devile what contrivance you
please, said Mr. Williarufon, it mult be a foreign
loan.
Mr. Boudinot observed, that the motion o!
his colleague amounted to the fame thing in the
» result, as the motion for striking out th« i'e&ion.
The loan is now at 6 per cent. To lay that a
new loan lhall be made at 6 per cent, to pay it
off, is losing all the advantages proposed by the
bill. He was therefore against the motion.
' Mr. Giles moved,that the commit fce Ihould
rife and report progress; he observed that very
material information was wanted, in his opini
on, to enable the committee to preceed under
ftandingly in the bufiaefs, The motion for the
committee's riling', was put and negatived.
\Tr. Clark's motion, to amend the seCtion by
aiding tl." word within before " United States,"
ft aiitrcMof iveu.
Tilt vsrui.mtea proceeded through the difcuf
flon of the retraining fu&ions.
Mr. M'.oiibn offered frveral observations to
fcew the propriety of postponing the bill for a
few days, in order to the memburs having time
to revolve in their minds several propositions
which have been suggested in relation to this bu
fmefs:—Whether, by an appropriation of the
sum, which, it is fa id, now lays dormant in the
Treasury—Whether by a sale of the shares in
the bank, or by a loan, to provide for the objecft.
Mr. Fit|fimons flatedfome objeiftions to what
_ fell from the gentleman last l'peaking. The gen
tleman's idea goes to an immediate interference
with an appropriation already made, and leaves
to a contingency a proviSon to supply its place.
Mr. Madison replied to Mr. Fitzfimons; he
tl'.onght the gentleman offered as good a reason
as he co-lid have suggested in favour of applying
the money in the treasury to the objedt now in
queltion.
Mr. Giles urged postponement—he remarked
that (he 2eal shewn by some gentlemen, to pre
.lipkafe the bulinefs to a decision, amounted to
an ejKile-efjieljheratioß cn-thefubjc<9-.
•Mr. Sedgwick stated several reasons which
remiered it absolutely necessary that no delay
should tak« plate. A motion being made, that
the committee should rife and report the bill;
the fame being put, was agreed to.
The committee rose accordingly and reported
the bill with one amendment; which was, to
Alike out the word " fifteen" in the firft fedh
on, referring to the lime for which the loan
ihould be made—this amendment was agreed to
by the house, and the bill laid on the table by ge
neral consent.
Mr. i*arker moved the following resolution :
That the Secretary of the Treasury be directed
to lay before this House an account of the appli
cation of the monies borrowed in Antwerp and
Amsterdam for the United States, during the
preient year. This motion was agreed to.
A memorial of Joseph Bennett, and a memo
rial oifundry merehauts & others of the borough
W?!mington, were presented by Mr. Madi-
f ot\ : . ead and referred to the Secretary of the
Treasury.
A petition of Anthony Harnmill, was present
ed by Mr. Ames, and read.
Adjourned till Wedncfday.
Philadelphia, Dec. 26.
Yesterday being Chrifhnas, the Day was
oljfeived with the usual folemn.ities —Divine
Service being performed in the Churches of*
fix or leven different denominations of Chris-
tians.
The Constitution to be formed by the Na
tional Alterably of France, is not to be eflab
jifhed until it is ratified by all the primary af
iembhes of the people.
A Mannfaflory of Sail-Cloth is now eitab
liflied on the Island of Nantucket, which em
ploys more persons than the five Ropewalk l ;,
and ten manufactories of SpennacetiCandles,
on that Island.
We are well informed that Mr. Wignel and
the new Company of Comedians are on board
the (hip Montgomery, every hour expedted
at New-York from London. There are cer
tain accounts of this /hip having failed on the
14th October. 1
The price of Mr. Blanchard's tickets of
adiiiifTion to the iKroftatical Experiment, is
i'ive Dollars each.
The New-York papers fay, that counterfeit
French Crowns are in circulation, well exe
cuted, hut only walhed with silver, which ea
sily rubs off.
£xt<-a, r t of a tetter from Richmond, dated Dec. 16,
" A letter from A. Campbell, dated loth
inft. gives information that a Captain Hanlv,
from the Southern Territory, on his march
with 40 men, to the relief of Mero diftrift,
was attacked by the Indians in ambuscade.—
Hitnfelf and 12 fell on the fpot—ll miffing—
16 have go: fafc in, &c."
r r /'"' &Hei Dec. ,
, T PatjixtMit Planter we have rece'n
ed London papers to tlie MWi'Oft ,i , h
confirm' the account of t £ «
doubtable Duke ol'Brunfwick."
The jollo-wingu an extras of a Utu
from a rypalabte gsutUman at tl
hague a.ud Otlotcr y, b , wht j
a vtJJJ arrived «t Baltimore frc.,
London. J
" The gazelles incloled will inform
you ot the bombarding of Lille -V -e
lias circulated here, to-day, ,} the
Aultrian army havmgnetircd frotfi thai'
place. I cannot fay whether it is Co be
depended on. There being no official
iupplement publilhed, according to ctif
torn, vvuh the Bruffcls Gazette, indicates,
at least, no fuccels having taken place.
Another report, better authentica
ted, which circulates here, and which is
written from BruffeU, by the Britiih i)ii
niiter there, to the ambaflador at this
is, that the combined armies have
been obliged to make a retrogade move
ment, supposed to proceed from the abso
lute want of provi(ions--a mortality which
had taken place among their hoifes, and
difcafes among their men. If this is the
cafe, and that they fliould be forced to
retire from France, it will be attended,
probably, with consequences of a serious
nature for themklves, and place the con
teit in a very unexpected position.
" The last accounts from Bruifels, be.
fore this, were, that the Irer-ch army
was fo'furrounded as to have allied to ca
pitulate. 1 his was so fully believed, that
the govei nment of the Low Countries sent
an express with it to their minister here,
who immediately announced it in such a
public and official manner, as to have
somewhat exposed that government, it
being now certain that the details and
circumstances, as then related and said to
be received from the King of Pruflia,
were not true. I
" On the French fide, they (late this
offer of capitulation as an overture of ne
gociation from the Duke of Brunfwick.
" A letter which 1 have just seen, be
ing the copy of an extract of one from
Gen. Dumourier, at St. Menehoud, to
Gen. Biron, at Strafburg, affirms this to
have been the cafe—a truce had been a
greed on, as he states it, between his ar
my, and the' Pruflian army alone.
adds, " Le Due de Brunfwick tiaß fpbft
cd all by fending me a declaration : so
no more truce, as I ftiall annouce to him
this evening." This was the iftofOdio
ber. He adds, that he had begun to op
pose the enemy with an army of 17,000
men, and that he now had 100,000. ■
That the duke of Brunfwick had begun
with 80,000, of which he had already
loft 25,000 —and other things of this
kind, in his style. Altho' the details of
his letter are certainly exaggerated, yet
they serve to (hew that he is no longer in
the difficult position in which he was not
long before, and which gave rife to the
intelligence mentioned from BruiTcls.
" The account you will fee in the Ley
den supplement of to-day, of the French
havingenteredtheempire, may berelicd on,
they hi e also in pofTeffion of Savoy, where
the people join them, and are for muni- ;
cipalizing their country. Should these
dispositions pass the Alps, and seize the
lower order of people, nothing will be a
ble to prevent its raging all Italy, their
force and number being out of all pro
portion with the people of property, and
the military, and where, in many parts,
the military would probably join them."
General James Jackson is elected a Sena
tor of the United States for the state of Geor
gia, in the room of the Hon. Wm. Few, wbofe
time will expire the March next.
The following gentlemen are ele&ed Re
presentatives in the third Congress of the
United States, for the state of MaiTachu
ietts:
First Diftrift—Hon. Fiflier Ames, Benja
min Goodhue, and Samuel Dexter,E!qrs.
Second Diftrift—Hon. Artemas Ward, and
Theodore Sedgwick, Efqrs.
Third Dilh ift—Hon. PelegCoffin, jun. Esq.
Fourth Diftrift —Hon. Gjorge
Efq n ire.
Fifth Diftrift —Hon. Davicl Cobb, Esq.
The 14th January the residue of the repre
sentation frcm that state, consisting of fix
members, are to be voted for.
The electors of the state of Vermont were
unanimous for George Washington & John
Adams, as President and Vice-President of
the United States.
The electors of the state of Georgia all voted
for George Washington and Gov. Clinton.
Columbia fS. C.) Dec. 6. Yesterday the elec-
tion wa* held in this place, for the office of
Preiident and Vice-President of the United
States. —The votes were as follow :
for George Washington, 8
John Adams, 7 Aaron Burr, i
239
inte,li B en « frb.n Guadeloupe
"•irtinicu announces, that on the Ift Nov.
every t.nng there wa, tranquil, an,l theg-eat
and rv ' l(icd tile Planter;
- Citizins. Ihe towns began to realise
,< - d " r » t ' on "t their tranquility. The pro-
at a moderate price.
White fujar from ' 13 to 16 <1 >',tars
Brown do. from g tQ ?
Molaues two piftareeire per gallon
rim trom 7 to 8 dollars per hundred
In November the weft part of the island of
Hifpan.ola was perfectly leftored to peace—
brown (agar was fold at 8 dollars, andlriolaffcs
*t f ; „ s ot the Wands, the | V .llr,n. The
Provinces worth and south, ft.il p-efent a
Ipe.Ucle as oefolation ; but the preparations
<on(lantlv making encouraged the hope of the
i[>ecj.ty return of order and tranquility.
[Courier de t'Univerfc.']
We are informed, that it is seriously spoken
«, 111 t.ie islands of Martinico and Guada
loupc, to make application to the Biitifh go
vernment to take those islands under the ju
n.du'ion ot Its laws, if the new order of
flings in France (hould be e!labliihed.
The election ofßeprefentatives in Coneicfs
for the state of New-York, takes place 011 the
fourthl Tuesday of January next; and the
canvavers meet on the fourth Tuefdav fol
lowing the Tuelday on which the election be
gins, to count the ballots, and declare the per
sons elected.
COMMUNICATIONS.
As the people cannot adminijler government them.-
Rives, they arc compelled to delegate the trufl.
From that moment a feparaec inter efl prefnts it
filf. In Jome of /V agents .virtue will reft A the
temptation The fear of dete&itm ft.// V
cJJ>as. But in tne Intajis wkei* avimct prevails
this praHice will be conjlant in its efforts to turn the
public ccmmiffion to private account. This is human
natuie. To be fare of it, refleß on the abufs that
would swarm in a body of men appointed for life,
and concealed, from the public eye. The fame re
fection warns the people to vigilance in exercijtrrg the
rights of election, and in obfeiving the con duff of
those who obtain their temporary confidence. It ef
pecially warns them that their duties become more ur
gent in proportion to the difiance oj those in public
J rom the eye of their conflituents, and the fc
crecy of the opporiiniities for taking advantage of
their Jituation. A delegate three or four, tr fven
or eight hundred miles ojf y at a place fet do m visited
by an acquaintance, farcely ever by a. rival, escapes
much of the responsibility felt by members of a local
legislature. Avd where a great public debt is under
the management of the government, and a great mo
vied inflitution is combined with both y what peculiar
alluremenrs what dangerous opportunities, arise
from the hidden manner in which certain paper tranf
anions may be conduced ? The true patriot mho con
siders these things zuill not the less exhort the people
to refpett the laws and dfcharge their public obliga
tions. But the fatje one alone will advije the people
to place a blind reliance on the virtue of their rulers ;
■ tv rwn a dejj car ta every juggefiian of aHfes ; to
make no diflinttion between the mea furls of the go
vernment itfef, and to regard as secret enemies of
the latter all who freely examine the sources and
tendencies cf the former.
The funding system of the United States must
daily appreciate in the estimation of the people.
1 he superior policy of placing the finances of our
country under the management of one per/on is
flrikingly aprarent when we find that there a
roong the oppofe'rs of the fyftrm as many differ
ent plans as there are individuals who compofc
the opposition.
It has been noticed ; and the circumstance
merited attention—that the funding system of
the United States which has so wonderfully re
trieved and cftabliHtied our national credit, has
combined with the benefits of the individual
creditors, peculiar advantages to the government
—advantages encreafing with the funds, and ex
panding with the resources of our country—-and
yet— it can hardly be believed, this circumflance
is a fubjed oi cavil.
EXTRACTS
From the Speech of his Excellency Gov. Martin,
to the Legijlature of North-Carolina.
u WHEN we contemplate that part of the
Federal Constitution which has limited the
Supreme Executive of the United States to
the duration in office for four years, and then
to descend to the class of* private citizens,
from among whom the person to fill that high
offic* again is to be railed, by the people of
these states; we cannot but feel our own dig
nity in fticli a government, and be aft'e&ed by
such a distinguished privilege ; by which supe
rior and exalced merit may be rewarded by
re-appointment, or demerit deposed; and
such other person calied forth to this station,
as will befl answer the expectations of a free
people, in administering and securing their
government.
44 And now, having compleated nearly the
period of office, ascertained by the constitu
tion of government of this state, for the con
tinuance of the executive in the fame person,
with picafure I shall mingle with my fellow
citizens, and feel with them the effects whe
ther good or had, of that administration in
which I have been concerned. Imp re fled in
the mean while with the mofl lively sense of
gratitude, I retnrn you my molt hearty thanks
for the honors of the government the legiilu
ture have been pleated repeatedly to confer
on me—happy in the reflexion, if in any mea
sure I have answered the expectations of my
country. My warmest wilhes atterd you in
fixing your choice on a AiccelTor, whose repu
tation and abilities may do honor to your ap
pointment, and give dignity to the govern
ment of a people, for whose profpei ity and
national happiness I feel myfelf much inter
ested, and for whom my prayers (hull never
be wanting.''
mOM THE VIUftrNlA Av^ktte
Richmond, Dtut.bc* g , V
MR. CARfcY, J '
THE following impromptu was written on
the report, that the electors of this <Ute i,,
con eq.unce olI their having unaniimiufly voted
for Govei nor Canto., as Vicc-Prslklen't, w ei e
contun. 'I.oudv cll.d Jacol.irs,
■ laving remarked and ' 'he freer »■
»« vour J have (üb.n.tted lt ti.ro, I
your medium to the public.
himfMf 7 '-'I 6 i, n ' lll lU?i '° re '' f jerr " r) "' t"
. ' Wlth h, "> you are at liberty t,.e.i-ct
ail interview with the authur.
■ r "^ u)l ' <^ans rejoice ! your in
cftimublc privileges Tlie jrenhiT
<>J America is awake. • The tutelary faint of
\"rgn.m is routed. The electors ut'fhis flat.
" u "- l »iinoiiny given their futtrripes to On
vernor Clinton, as Vice-Prefident. Governor
ClintOT is a republican both in principle and
hte V?« P T r/"" Clp ' eSs°f Mr " Ad " m -t'«
, Vice Prcfideilt > are reprobated—his boolc
r «^ ime ')ts—his late con
ed herrH-f and . h,s having reco'iniiiend
ed hereditary monarchy, and hereditary arif
tocracv, are all, all reprobated. The mono
crats, aristocrats, highflyers, mushrooms, *11
hang their heads; and while the friends of
me.l, fine psalms, hallelujahs, and anthems, to
the tunc of regenerating freedom j. they who
• n. to dethrone the sacred nia
jslty of the people, may perform the last fu
neral obfequy and ling the last melancholy
dirge to adamitica] principles.
Yes! ye men of Belial regeneration is at
your heel,, and ere lone, fl* will bold yon „p
hated and avoided, as yon are now furpsfted
a«d despised. Your chariots, your pomp, your
y S" r COurt etlt ' uette » your cries of
edition, and your r«proaclie« against trwd re-
. All eye.
wUJ (>e opened; the fatal issue of your abom
nable fchmnes will be developed; then you
will hate and execrate each other yourfehc*
as you now deserve it, from all tlic- race of
You call the electors Jacobins, as a mark
of contumely; in that view they despise you,
and ask, that a man lha!l avow himfelf. But
why fay, Jacobith? Are they not the authors
oftbe greatcftand mofl: glorious revolution
Of which the annals ofhHfcory can fcoafc? Have
they not looted the (hackles of slavery from
thirty millions oi people ! Have they not fan
ned the sacred blaze of Hfcerty, in every re
gion of the earth > Have they not.dethroned
tyranny, monarchy, aristocracy, prieftcrafr,
and all their satellites f Have thev not set up
and crowned the mi K hfy majefty'of human
kind over the punyifm of individual: Yes!
the Jacobins of France have dime ail this
The French have no longer a Jting ; they are
iio longer (laves; they are free; and there
fore you despise them.
But future ages, when they trace the fiif.
Tory of man, when theycontemplatc the rat
logue otitpes, Which blackeff tfiefSges
tiquity, will at this eventful epoch make a
complacent pause, and drop the tear of grati
tude to the memory of those who so much con
tributed to emancipate the human race.
The revolutions have blasted your hopes*—
t,he kings, or tyrants of Europe, have leagued
against them ; and why do you not go * The
Duke of Brunfwick will receive you—he will
embrace you, and you will Ihew the lie p!u«
ultra of human depravity ; Americans aiding"
and abetting kings and tvrants to reduce to
bondage thirty millions of people, whose blood
and trcafure were exhauded to purchase your
country's freedom ! Go hence, and take with
you the last feed—the last shoot, the last fcyon
of yourftock; and let that bold effayeft, as
yonr crusading champion, whose head, heart,
and hand have been employed to ftp the im
prescriptible and defined rights of hi 5 country
men, be announced to kings and their cut
throats, by his herald, as a voluntary fugitive
from a country where men will cease to be,
or live free. , *
Thanks to you, electors—all the friends of
liberty will thank yoi.—future agej»
will revere and venerate your names Hea
ven and your own conscience will reward
PRICE OF STOCKS.
6 per Ccr.ts, 20/
3 per Crnis, , ,y,o
Deferred, 4. , 2 y 4
Full /hares Bank U. S. 37 per cent. piem.
To the Public.
The Subscribers having been appointed a
cominittec of the Board of the Truftecs of
the Uriiverfiiy of North-Carolina, for the pur
pofeof if ceiving proposals from fueh gentlemen
as may intend to undertake the inftiu&iofi of
youth in that inftnuiion, take the opportuniiy
of making known to the public their wish that
such gentlemen should fignify their inclination
to the fubJcribers.
The ol jecls to which it is contemplated by
the Board ro turn the attention of the ftudtnu,
on the firft cfiabliflimcnt, are—The study of
Languages, particularly the English— Hiflory,
ancient and modern—the Bclle-lettrcs— Logic
and Moral Philosophy—the knowledge of the
Mathematics and Natural Philosophy— Agricul
ture and Botany, with the principles of Archi-
Ufture.
Centlemen conversant in these branches of
Science and Literature, and who can be well re-p
commended, will receive ve»v handsome encou
ragement by the Board. Ihe exercjfes of the
inllitution will commence as eaily a p«>ffiblc
attrr the completion of the buildings of the t'riu
verfity, which arc to be contrasted for immtdi-
SAMUEL ASHE,
*cly
A. MOORE,
10HN* HAYE,
DAVID SI ONE,
SAM. M'COKKLES.
I)*s cpsm
*
~ HEWtCO,

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