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Gazette of the United-States. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793, December 29, 1792, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030483/1792-12-29/ed-1/seq-2/

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<fti«r!ng into &*i.«r 4ft««' * scut
ii, de&imcy 1 fl»11 afterward, „
(Signed) •
rA ®" rets* 'fliut° n the conveiition
fpeeditr P» r »
complained £
"T r I .5 raid they, will never fufcr
f w °- th-Y have placed their coufi-
ty Courage ,n a tree people .s
1 virtgt, we Will ..ever depart from thu
at if it U just to obey the laws,
it", Woiuft to resist delpots under whatever
aai they may--s" icc '' tjhemfelves— Wc are
WpMtt **?' ? ur io V~ f|U ' r " £**
Oiy cfcetwms oy open vote..
' v Prej!s*/-- U CitSseas tV ri 6 lit of pettfiyn
,E is dfecred right; but thole who p-e ent
Aemfefves at the trar to employ it ought not
to forget that refpeft which they owe to the
representatives of the people.—l do not mean
to the people of Paris, bat to the people of all
Fl The National Convention acknowledge on
ly one people, pne ftvereign—that is, the
onion of the citizens of the whole republic.
The Reprelentatives will not be compelled
by threats to violate or discharge their duty.
They know it, and they will render tlieni
felves worthy of that confidence with which
the French republic has invested them. They
have nothing *o fear, and they:feor nothing
from the people of Paris; and what yon said
to a (Tore them was perfeflly useless. They
entertain neither fear nor suspicion. In Ihort,
the National Convention will always hear
with pleasure the language of liberty, but it
it will never fuffer that of licentiousness. It
wilj take your petition into confideration,and
admit? twenty of you to tfce honors of the
Thg convention ordered this answer to he
fertnriß. r ' " : f
Tho feftiotr'of Gfavilliers protested
lubmiffio'i to the taw, but ironed tn
feftion for the fdtare ihouid fcs autho.. -to
choole bv open vote. They were of opinion
that no tear or preponderance of party could
influence elections of that kind.
A great number of other petitioners were
admitted 011 fubjetts of a private nature, and
their petitions referred to the proper com
Monday, Oftober^S.
The following letter from tiff commiflion
ersfent to the army of Damourier, wa< read.
u Satr.lt Menelrould, Oft. 7.
« Citizens, the enemy continue their re
treat towards Stenay, and notwithstanding
the rapidity of their march, our troops in
cessantly harrafs them. We take great sum
bars of them prisoners every day ; and if they
had not taken the precaution to cause their
baggage to file off three days beforehand, they
would have saved none of it.
"We know that " mifunderftaixling be
t-.vriru tne Ki.ig of P -a, the emigrant-, and
' r Auttr-iar is crrier, to the ex.-
te >.—The King or' Prussia, when he begati
his retreat, (fcnt f"r the cidevant Monfienr,
and Generii C.~ ' yt, and sddneffed tfccm
ts follows :—" You have both deceived me ;
J will flill extricate you from the bad fitua
tio'n in which you are, but you will remem
ber me."
Gen. Bournonville's letter to General Du
mourier, dated March, Oclocer 5. The ma
terial parts are, 44 The weather is very bad ;
I have not been able to make use of my in
fantry ; they were 38 hours in going two
leagues ; tbev had no bread to eat these two
days; we have taken horses from the ene
my, two prisoner*, and 121 of their Tick.
I have declined burdening mylelf with so
great a plague j and have sent them to their
homes; if I had hearkened to the wifli of my
volunteers, we should have buried them in
the mud ; if this disorder continues raging,
the enemy will not get back either horses,
men, or cannon ; they are much in want of
the former for their artillery.
44 The King of Prullia and Monsieur passed
this way ; the former yefterdav, and the lat
ter the day before, appearing to be very much
frightened. However, the retreat of the
Pruflians is conduced with the greatest or
der •, the van-guard pal Ted Tiern at twelve
o'clock lad night, and Grand Pre at two
o'clock with sixty carriages full of their lick,
and I let thejn carry the plague farther on—
but am in readiness expecting you.
Tuhsdat, October 9,
A debate arose on the decree f-efpeffing
the emigrants ; and it was finally decreed,
that such of them as are taken with arms in
their hands Shall be executed within 24 hours
after being fir;i proved to be emigrants be
fore a mi'.itarv commilfion of five person*, to
be appointed by the etat major of the army ;
foreigners who have quitted the set vice of
France (ince ; <e 14th ol' July 1789, and join
ed the emigrants, or the enemy, to be treated
in the fame manner ; the powers at war to
be responsible for all violations of t'.e law of
nations by any reprisals made by the emi-
txtraETof a 1 trier Jrom Cctiiral Cijtiiic to Central
" Dear General,
" The letter I received from you yester
day and the news it contains, caused me to
reflect deeply on our situation, and the means
w$ have of doing the most ufefnl service to
ths public weal. The following is the re
l'ult :
" M. Dirbach, since the 2d inft. has re
aeivedorders to come and cover Worms and
Mavence, with a body of 12,000 men. He
t.'HI arrive rathe: late for the former, as I am
poifeflion of it. M. Nonveigner, with a de
tachment, entered it He found 1,800
tent?, anca Ir.a3r.zinc cf 3,2 m law: of corn arms until lialf after f<rvsn ue t: i • -
»i>d ftrawjwbich I directed to be moved im- Hearing thro no account or the
mediarelvmd sent to Landau I have demand- « et^nl y > |l ie garrifoo returned to the town,
ed a conti bacioi) of i ,233,033 l.v. V.7.20J. .of arcelv had thev retired, when the
Of the njiit noble Chapter, 430,03; ..i t. c o- -< ' , ' m i e „f horse. who
B.lh., PS a,d 633,003 of t(.e .n commandant of a patrole ot none.
This opjrsion Will he finiflisd before the ar- having been out reconnoiti wg, had io.t
rival of the Count Deihach, and 1 ihall a'fo , three of his men. tode lip on 8 mil gallop,
have e vaulted Spires.
Cctobf.R J
A letter was read t'roin the Minister for
Foreign Affkiis, in which, afrer relating the
proceeding between the French Iletident and
the Con lie; J, he announces that he withdraw
froci G.«cv» u the 4th i ift v."rt&cat taking
leave ; but remitting to the Council, the note
of which he jets i copy to twe afiembl*.
" In thiso'fcite'of things ('ays the mtmfter)
end LGiSictrr.zg hew important it is to in
vent even yet if polfible a rupture that wight
bring on a war with the Helvetic Body, the
Executive Council'have thought it .'heir duty
to authorise General Montefquiou lot to em
employ force, to oblige the troop*ot Zurich
and Berne to quit the territories >f Geneva,
but to expose to them the dangc of perfifl
irtg in a resolution, which circunftances do
not make neceffarv, and which i-not author
ised by any treaty."
The note of the Minister chiely has for its
object, to demand of the Gene\efe the pun
iftifiient of the magistrates, vho have, by
their manoeuvre provoked the requisition
made to the cantons of Zurich, md Berne for
The Minister at War comiuinicated the
following extract of a letter iroin General
Dumourier to the Minister at War :
Vou.ycrs, Oct. 9.
" I have just divided into two parts the
;irniy under my command in the Ardennes.
The brave Relief man, my companion in arini,
and Itif intiinatrffriend
that has been said, done, and written,to excise
animosity between us) undertakes to chafe
from onr territory the enemies who I afiijre
you willneverenferFrance again by this terri
b'e frontier, Consternation and ruin contribute
to ruin the army of the enemy, aud Keller
man will easily accompli(h their deftruftion.
The King of Prussia is departed for Berlin,
where his army follows him. He has had a
Ihocking conversation with the two ci-devant
Princes ot France. He reproached them with
having deceived him : he told them that they
had exposed him to be ill received in bis own
kingdom, and that he would remember it to
them all his life- After this conversation,
the truth of which I guarantee to you, the
two French princes went to the castle of
Vouxiers, from which I now write to you.
" \Ve took l'uch quantities of equipage as
to enrich our soldiers. Yefterdav the carri
age of Monsieur was brought in. We avoid
taking the waggons loaded 1 . , to lave
irar arm<- from cor.tagic... in fliort, I an
trr, particularly after the diversion made at
Spire, and after that which I have planned
with Kellerman, that the Germans will not
again penetrate into Franca : I flicild be
•.. ..ing to ?r.v duty of a General, if I lolt ten
days in marching at the head or the tail of the
columns, and if I did not on the contrary,em
ploy them in arranging with the council all
the operations which may give prosperity to
our military affairs.
Letter from General Dumourier to the Prefi-
tl The honour of the French nation has
been fulliedby two battalion-? of the Federates
of Paris. The Minister of War will give you
account of the measures which I have taken
to punifti the guilty. Our liberty would be
soon loft, if such arts were not fuppreUed—l
lhall deliver up to von the disturbers unarmed
—do you appoint judges for them.
The conduct of thele two battalions Mau
confeil and Republican, was explained in a
letter from General Cliazot ? commanding at-
Rhete!. Four Pruflian delerters had been ta
ken prisoners, who, according to the report
of the municipality, were desirous of entering
into the service of the Republic. These two
battalions fell upon them in the inoft inhuman
manner,and notwithstanding thetears and fup
pi'cations of their own General, like ruffians
and butchers, cut them in pieces. The or
ders of General Dumourier were, that these
two battalions should be surrounded by the
army, and forced to lay down their arm?,
standards and uniforms. That they should be
forced to deliver up the criminal? who com
mitted the inhuman mafTace at Rhetel, who,
under an escort of iod men, should conduct
tUem to Paris, and deliver them up to the
National Convention. That the reft of the
battalions should be broken—their arms and
' abits laid up in tne military store, and their
colours sent back to their diftrifis, to be by
them confided to men more worthv to bear
them. This ineafure was highly applauded by
the Convention.
A 1-Tter from General Cuftine was read,
dating, that he had imposed upon tie Canons
and Bishop of Swires, who were great friends'*
to the Emigrants, a contribution of 450,003
" Sptre, Oft. 5.
German account of the talittg of Spires.
Official account rubllfhtd by order of the
" Colonel de Winkelman, towards
evening of the 29th of Sept. received ad
vice of the approach of the enemy to the
number of 30,000. The Aultrian troops
and those of Mentz, marched out froyi
the city at eight o'clock at night, to de
fend the four gates, and remained under
11 Patriot Miniver,
dent of the Convention.
41 Citizen PrcHdcnt.
Electoral Court of Menti,
with intelligence that the en«my were not
- • .1 . » r
Our troops returning then
far diilant
« «» .
k-ir foi mer pofitiou without the walls,
received about noon the French army,
wliom they found to amount to 17,000
men.Uv ; difchargeof their cannon. The
canomde was kept up with great iptrit on
*$oth <jd«r». The enetny*» JlrtdHery wa»
tnech more numerous ; as our irnopp
ij'ere drawn up only two men deep, while
the French ad»anced in columns, their loss
must liave beets considerable. At three
o'efcek the garrison retired to tlie town
thraigh the different gates, and the firing
was continued in the streets with fomuch
vivacity, that the infantry of Mayence
eigh; times repulsed the French cavaW.
Notvithftanding this brave reliftance, our
troop were obliged to give way before
the eiertiy, who were mucl) superior in
nnmter, and to retire through the gate
calli'J Weifethor, towards the ford of
Rhrinhoufe, at about the distance of a
league from Spires. The French pursued
them thither with their whole forces, and
thc7 were then reduced to the neeeffity of
asking leave to capitulate. After a delay
of firty minutes, lieut. colonels Dietrich
and Fechenbacn; the former in the fe. -
vice of Auilria, and the letter ia that of
the Elector of Mentz, agreei wlßi M.
Cuftine, the French general, that the
garrison should remain pri Toners of war ;
that the artillery, arms i s ar.. Lag
gage mould be given up to the enemy ;
that the officers should be fuffered to re
tain their atms, horfcs and effe&s ; and
that the soldiers should not be stripped.
After these stipulations were agreed to,
the garrison was brought back, to the
town, where the soldiers laid down their
arms close to the grand guard, and were
afterwards lodged in the Cathedral, but
the officers had permiflian to walk about.
" Next morning, October ift, all the
privates, reckoning from the firft ferjeant
of each company, were conveyed to
Landau, and a declaration was made to
the officers atkmbled at tlie Hoce!-de-
Vilk, that they would be set at liberty
after they had taken an «,ath not to serve
ih the war against the French tilt an ex
c, of prifi.ners should place—•
having acquiesced in this proposal, and
fold their horses for ready money to the
French, the commandant of Landau con
duced them without any guard to the
ford of Rhein-houfe, and permitted them
to retire wherever they might think pro-
One of the Secretaries proclaimed the
qames of the members who arc to com
pose the committee of conttitutiun.
These were Seyes, Thomas Paine,Petion,
Briflot, Vergniaud, Genfonne, Barrere,
Danton, Condorcet. The Deputies
were Barbaroux, Herault, Lanthenas,
jtan Debry, Fauchet, Lavecomtrie.
Friday, OBober 12.
The Proficient announced a-Utter ttom C«m»-
ral Dumourier, in which he requefled leave to
come and present his refpefts to the National
Convention. The Convention having immedi
ately decreed that the General fhoi/ld be admit
ted, he appeared at the bar, accompanied by se
veral of his ftaff-»fficers.
General Dumouiier's Speech.
" C'ttiz.en-L,egiJlalors,
"LIBERTY is evtry where triumphant:
Guided by Philoiophy, it -will overspread the
universe, and it will eftablilh itfelf on all thrones
afterhavlngcftifhed despotism, and enlightened
the people.
" The constitutional laws which you are about
to frame, will form the basis of the happiness
and fraternity of nations. Thi? war will be the
last, and tyrants and privileged orders, mistaken
in their criminal calculations, will be the sole
vidtims in this ftruggleof arbitrary power against
reason. The army, which the confidence of the
nation entrusted to my command,have deserved
well of i* eircountry. Reduced, when I joined
them on the 28th of Augull, to 17,000 men,
and diforgar.ized by traitors, whom punishment
and (ham- every where ptirfuC, they were nei
ther int midated by the number, discipline,
threats, barbarity, nor firft fucccffes of 80,000
satellites of despotism. The defiles of the forell
of Aigon were the Thermopylae, where this
handfu! of soldiers of Liberty made a refpe&a
ble reiifiance, for 15 days, to that formidable ar
my More fortunate thin the Sp.trtans, we
were supported by two armies, animated by 1e
fame ; pirit, whom we joined at the impre .
camp ot st. Menehould. The cacmy, i 1 di
pair. wiflied to attempt an attack, hich addsa
new vi&ory to the military career of my )1-
league and frieL . Ktlerman.
'* In th? cam>> «>f St. • ' ''«f '
of Lib.rty difpiayed other miii J r
out wliidi cofifigj ev-« raiy t» •
dence in their chics, obed.ence, parienceand r
severance. That part of the 'republic con
of a dry foil, destitute of wood and water T-<«
Germans will renumber it, th-sir imptre Won*
w.Il perhaps lertil.z; thefifca, plains whj< . h
are now drenched with it. Th; ieafon w s
commonly ramy and cold ; our folJiers wer*
badly clothed; were destitute of ft raw to ie
upon; had no covering, nn I remained fome-.
times two days without bread, because tile pot'i
tion of the enemy obb-ed onr convoys to t ,r e
a long circuit, by croli-roads, which are very
bad at all fe a foils, and which were then f"":
by the Ion;; rains ; for I m ufl do jiiflice to tU
purvey*. ircvilSon' and for.-.,;e,
withl'undi.. ' the obrt.c es »f had roids, wa
weather, ana-I, r ecrer movenpsf, wjiicl. I wa ,
obiigcfL to concuii iron? th< Hi
abundance a. far as poffi >.e ; • ani"
happy in declaring, that we are indebted to their
car* for the good health of the soldiers. (Ap*
plaufes], I never heard them murmur. Songs'
and joy would have made one take this formi-f
dable camp for one of those camps of pleasure,
where the luxury of kings formerly embodied'
automata, for the amnfement of their miftrefles
and children. The soldiers cf Liberty wetc
supported by the hope of conqu.-ft ; ihuir fa
tigues and fufferings have been rewarded. The
enemy have funk under famine, mileryanddU
eafe. This formidable army, diminilHed one.
half, arc fled; the roads are strewed with the
carcases ofhorfes, and dead bodies; ICrHerman
is in pursuit of them with more than 40,030
men, while I shall march with a like number, tp
the 1 ill (lance of the department of the Nortl.,
and of the unfortunate and refpe&ablc Belgians
and Liegeoife.
I have come to spend four days here, only for
the purpofeof fettling,with the etecutive coun
cil, the p'isn of th- rriiitey campaign, i inbract
■is opportunity of prcfenting my rel'>ei2l to
you. I shall n®t take any new path ; I lty.ll
ftiw fttyfelf worthy of t'.n-.miji'Y,r>tr fyg ■
ren of Liberty, and to fupportthofe law • ' icii
the sovereign people are going to eiU for
themfelvfes, b" you, rhci Tr>:u - f :s>"'
The President's An Tver.
u Citizen-Genera!,
" THE recep ion you have met with, from
the National Convention will expreis to you
much better than I can thtir iatiataSion with
your and that of your colleagues, and
the opinion they entertain of you. Continue to
dire& the courage and zeal the army ; conti
nue to guide your soldiers, and brethren in arms
in the path of honour and of vi&ory; continue
to serve your country vrith fidelity, and you
will have new claims to the esteem and grati
tude of the republic The Convention invites
you, as well 25 your brethren in arms, to the
honour of the fitting."
The General was then introduced into the
i Hall, together with the officers wh n tten 'ed
j him, on the table, as did a)f<> 1 >
' i- ' aot-fCi eral -Morton, bis militar; u. -
I T mort that the Conventiontirm
request General Dumourier to give m feme
information refpe&ing the letter of General
President — " General, do you Vnow any
thing of a letter written by General D llon to
the Prince of HefTe Cafful; and do you know
what was the intention of that General in wri
ting it ? The National Convention expedts some
information from you, as the Executive Coun
cil informed them that they hoped you would
be ablet® fatisfythem in this refpe&."
Dumourier—"l received a copy of that letter,
but I considered it a mere bravado, and of very
little importance, especially as Dillon, two days
after, pursued the Heflians with the utmost vi
gour. lam of opinion, therefore, that it is not
Worth notice."
An * General of I
prefer "Convention
whic 1 had dify._, -i, arc. vviii\> "
th<- fotdicreof liberty had . %
uom the enemy.
Th: Convention <lecreefl, flrat tr-:'i I. 71 JO/
rel-llion, instead oflxing hung in the '
tropin should be put into i. v " of U*
common ler, to be publicly burnt.
After some other business of little importance,
the fitting rose at 5 o'clock.
The Leyden Gazette contains an account of
the of the Pruflian army on rhe 14th,
15th, & 16th of September, as pubbihedat Ber
lin.—This account, far from indicating tJie stile
of the BrufTeb Gazette, never mentions the
French troops with contempt, exprefcly fays
That in the various adions that took place oil
the 14th and the Prussian troops were re
pulsed, and (hews that altho' they always carri
ed their point in the end, every inch of
was warmly disputed. To this account
ed a letter from the army of General Clairfait,
dated September %6th, written in the fame ttile,
which makes thelofs of the Pruflians, in carry
ing the height before the village of W almy 500
men, and that of the French, attempting to e
fend it, 1200. The ctwdufis&ofjtisytlW'
th? diilrefs of the combined armies has rot Ken
exaggerated : "Since the 17th we have been
under the open Iky, without tents or *
The weather all the while has been dreadful—,
conflant and excessive rains, tempestuous winds,
and cold uncommonly severe for the
The armies on both fides have ; ~r' '■ '
the latter season cannot be more unfavourable
forthe operations of the campaign. According
to all the information we receive, the enemy 1*
still more diflreffed than we. \i r e are in t. e
i midit of Champagne Ponillenfe (U»e louiy) a
: country, poor in the extreme, unprovided ol
every thing, without water, without wood, al
i mot a desert, and entirely aban lonec'. by the
| native inhabitants. We muftfeek more
virtues, v.-Lh-

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