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Bedford inquirer. (Bedford, Pa.) 1857-1884, November 27, 1868, Image 1

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SUBSCRIPTION TERMS, AC.
The r*<*t [R*R is published eiery FRIDAY M<M
in EC *t the following rates :
o*l 'YEAR, (in advance,),....,.. $2.09
" (il not paid within sixmo*.)... s2.j
" " (if not paid within the year.j... $2.00
All papers outside of the eonnty discontinued
without notice, at thy exp'ration of the time for
which the subscription has hewn paid.
-•nglecopies of the paper famished, in wrappers,
at fire cents each.
Communications on snbjects of locai or general
interest, are respectfully solicited. To ensure at
tention favors of this kind must invariably be
accompanied by the name of the author, not for
publication, bat as a guaranty against imposition.
All letters pertaining to business of the oSice
should be addressed to
JOHN Lt'TZ, BEDSORP, Pa.
NrwsPAKK# Laws. —We would call the special
attention ot Host Masters and subscribers to the
Isyr the foHflwiag sjnupeis of the News
paper laws:
1. A Postmaster is required to give notice hy
. returning a paper does not an-wcr the law >
when a subscriber does not take his paper out of
the office, and state the reasons tor its not being
taken; and a neglect to do so makes the Postmas
ter rep.:**rhfe to the publishers for the payment.
2. Any person who takes a paper from the Post
office, whether directed to his name or another, or
whether he has subscribed or not is responsible
for the pay.
3. If a person orders bis paper discontinued, he
mast pay all. arrearages, or the publisher may
continue to send it until payment is made, aud
ollect the whole amount. whether it be taken from
the "Jirc or nor. Ibcreeuu be no legal discontin
uence until the payment is made.
4. If the subscriber orders bis paper to be
stopped at a certain time, and the publisher con
tinues to send, the subscriber is bound to pay for
it, if he take* it ant of the Ibnt Office. The law
proceeds upon the ground that a man must pay
for what he uses.
a. The courts have decided that refusing to t.ks
newspapers and periodicals from the Post office,
or removing and having tbera uncalled for, is
prima facia evidence of intentional fraud.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
JOHN T. KEAGT,
ATTORNEY- AT-LAW.
sSc- Office opposite Reed A Schell's Bank.
Counsel given in English and German. [pl26]
riMJIELL AND LIN'GEMFELTER,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, asDroitp, PA.
Have formed a partnership in the practice of j
the Law, in new brick building near the I.ntaeran :
Charch. [April 1, 1864-tf
lyr. A. POINTS,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, BRWORD, PA.
Respectfully tenders his professional services
t o the public. Offiee with J. W. Lingeufelter,
Esq., on Public Square near Lutheran Church. j
*rWColleetions promptly made. [Dec.9,'B4-tf. i
j_| AYES IRVINE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
H ill faithfully and promptly attend to all busi- j
oess intrusted to his care. Office with G. H. Spang, j
Esq., on Juliana "treet. three doors south of the j
Mengel House. May 24:1y
TTSPY M. AUSIP,
I d ATTORNEY AT LAW. BanroßD. PA.,
Will faithfully and promptly attend to all bnsi- j
ness entrusted to his care in Bedford and adjoin
t counties. Military claims, Pensions, back .
pay, Bounty, Ac. speedily collected. Office with ■
•Isjiu A Spang, on Juliana street, 2 doors south j
of the Mengel House. Api 1, 1864.—tf.
t. r. MKYBRR .... I. W. prCKRRSOM j
\ f .-VERS A DICKERSON,
31 ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Bedpcrp. Pkvs'a., j
Office nearly opposite the Mer.gel House, will
practice in the several Courts of Bedford county. |
Pensions, bounties and hack pay obtained and the ;
purchase of Real Estate attended to. [may 1 i ."M-lv I
I ft. OUKBORROW.
O • ATTORNEY AT LAW,
BEEFORP, PA. T
Will attend promptly to all business intrusted to
his oare. Collections made on the shortest no
tice.
He is, also, a regularly licensed Claim Agent
and will give special attention to the prosecution
of claims against the Government for Pensions,
B k I'ay, Bounty, Bounty Lands
rf;'*e on Juliana street, one door South of the
!n-f*ir*r office, and nearly opposite the 'Mengal
House" April 23. 1865:t
p B. STUCKEY,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
and REAL ESTATE AGENT,
Office on Main Street, between Fourth and Fifth,
Opposite the Court House.
KANSAS CITY. MISSOURI.
Will practice in the adjoining Counties of Mis
- iri and Kansas. July 12:tf
8. L. RT9SKLL. .......1 J. H. LONGJESECK E A
T>U3SBLL A LOSGENECKER.
LA, /VTTOIINRTS A Cor*SRLLOR3 AT LAW,
Bedford, Pa..
Will attend promptly and faithfully to all busi
ness entrusted to their care. Special attention
given to collections and the prosecution of claims
for Back Pay, Bounty, Pensions, Ac.
.£&* Office on Juliana street, south of the Court
House. Aprils:lyr.
J* M'D. SHARPS ~.S. P. KERR
SHAKPE A KERR.
.4 TTOHNE YS-A T-LA W.
Will practice in the Courts of Bedford and ad
joining counties. All buriness entrusted to their
• are will receive careful and prompt attention.
Pensions, Bounty, Back Pay, Ac., speedily col
lected from the Government.
Often on Juliana street, opposite the banking
house of Reed A Scheil. Bedford, Pa. mar2:tf
PHYSICIANS.
\YM. W. JAMISON, M. D.,
BLOODY RR,, PA.,
Respectfully tenders his professional services to
the people of that place and vicinity. [decS.lyr
| JK. B. F. HARRY,
Respectfully tenders his professions! ser
v to the citizens of Bedford snd vicinity.
sce and residence on Pitt Street, in the building
formerly occupied by Dr. J. H. Hofius. [ApT I.M.
DR. S. G. STATLKR, near Scheilsbarg. and
Dr. J. J. CIA RK B. formerly of Cumberland
county, having associated 'hem-elves in the prac
tice of Medicine, respectfully offer the-rprofes
si nal services to the citizens of Schellsborg and
vicinity. Dr. Gierke's office and residence same
a- formerly occupied by J. White, Esq., dee d.
S. G. STATLKR,
■-■-hell-burg, Aprilllily. J. J. CLARKE.
MI 8 CELLA NFOrS
OM E. SHANNON. BANKER.
BEDroan, Pa. .
BANK OF DISCOUNT AND DEPOSIT.
Collections made for the East, Wert, North and
S 11th. and the general business of Exchange
transacted. Notes and Accounts Collected and
'tem iltances promptly made. REAL ESTATE
fc oght and sold. feb2l
D ANIEL BORDER.
PITT STREET, TWO DOORS WEST or tas iO
ST BD BOTEL, BEIRMD, Pa.
WATCHMAKER AND DEALER IN JEWEL
RY. SPECTACLES. AC.
He keeps on hand a stock of fine Gold and Sil
ver Watches, Spectacles of Brilliant Double Ucfin
- i Glasses, also Scotch Pebble Glasses. Gold
Watch Chains, Breast Pins, Finger Rings, beat
quality of Gold Pens. He will supply to order
any thing in his liaenot on hand. [apr.Jfi.'AS.
s; P. HARBAUGH A SON,
Travailing Dealers in
NOTIONS.
In the county once every two months.
SELL GOODS AT CITY PRICES.
Agents for the Chambenburg Woolen Manufac
turing Company. Apl l:ly
J) w. CROUSE,
• DEALER R*
CIG YRS, TOBACCO, PIPES. AC.,
Piti street one door oast of Goo. K. o*ter
C/S Store. Bedford, PA., is NOW prepared
*■' #11 by wholesale ail kinds of CIGARS. All
orders promptly filled. Persons desiring anything
ia hi* iin-i will do well to give him a call.
Oct 1&.
_
JOHN LUTZ. JulUor au<l I'ntjn u tar.
Jnquim Column.
rpO ADVERTISERS;
THE BEDFORD INQUIRER.
PUBLISHED
EVERY FRIDAY MORNING,
BV
JOHNL U T Z ,
OFFICE OX J CLIAX A STREET,
BEDFORD, PA.
THE BEST ADVERTISING MEDIUM
IN
SOUTH- WESTERN PENS S I L TAXI A.
CIRCULATION OVER 1500.
• • J - ' ; I* * H T H
HOME AND FOREIGN ADVERTISE
MENTS INSERTED ON REA
SONABLE TERMS.
V FIRST CLASS NEWSPAPER.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION':
12.00 PER ANNUM, IN ADVANCE.
JOB PRINTING:
VLL KINDS OF JOB WORK DONE
WITH
NEATNESS AND DISPATCH,
AND IN TUX
LATEST & MOST APPROVED STYLE,
SUCH AS
FOSTERS OF ANY SIZE,
CIRCULARS,
BUSINESS CARDS,
WEDDING AND VISITING CARDS,
BALL TICKETS,
PROGRAMMES,
CONCERT TICKETS,
ORDER BOOKS,
lEOAR LABELS,
RECEIPTS,
LEGAL BLANKS,
PHOTOGRAPHER'S CARDS,
BILL UEADS,
LETTER HEADS,
PAMPHLETS,
PAPER BOOKS,
ETC. ETC. ETC. ETC. ETC.
Our facilities for doing ill kinds of Job Printing
ire equalled by very few establishments in the
:>untry. Orders by mail promptly filled. All
etters should be addressed to
JOHN LITSL ;
3 it oca I ant) (General Jletospaper, Deboteti to gjotties, <Btmeation, JLiteraturr ant) jttorais.
LIKE I.VIHEH.
AFTER nooir.
, Luke Lather was a barber, airs,
And lived at Islington:
He used to soap his customers,
And laid it thickly on.
And jet be was no flatterer,
For often be would carp
At hat they said, and being blunt,
He took them up quite sharp.
Twas very strange a man so "pert
Could so expertly shave:
But though no one could better sera; e,
• He never learned to save.
His circumstances being strait,
AH things with him went wry:
His funds were low, no doubt because
He held his bead so high.
For it was found by all who crossed.
The threshold of his dour.
1 he more he took tbt-ir beards away,
-He bearded them the more.
And so his customers fell tiff,
Because bis tongue -an on,
And since no folks came in his shop,
He found bis income gone.
He tried to borrow, but bis friends
Had so unfriendly grown.
They left biru to himself, arid yet
He could not gel a loan.
He thought : "How c Id this cruel world!
On its wide waste adrift;
Aon went aud pawned his shirt, for he
Was put to such a shift.
He pensive grew, through lack of pence,
Aud melancholy eyed;
And getring quite beside himself,
Com milted suicide.
And so he passed, a childless man, 4
The victim of despair,
1 For though his ha'r he often dyed,
He died without an heir.)
And having nothing e : se to spend,
He spent his latest breath;
And all who once bad known hint said
It was a barberous death.
THE LAST BALL.4D.
"I will no' ask to press that cheek,"
Without a guarantee
That Nature spreads the pearl and red
Which there I always see:
Those lustrous Hps I will not touch,
Cnles" you promptly snv
That their bright hue is fast and true
And will not wash away.
Those brilliant eyes may owe their cbarm
To belladonna s use.
Complexion tints. I've beard dark hints,
Are ■ hanged by walnut juice;
And if I ask the dearest girl,
For whom alone I live,
For one long tress to hiss and bless,
It mayn't be hers to give.
The pencil brow, the raven lash,
Are open to a doubt.
And some mistrust, but they're unjust,
The shape I rave about:
So in this dubious state of things,
And as the weather's warm,
I will not seek to press that cheek.
Or ak to clasp that form. —JStnch.
srtUsedl mucus.
WILL THE CONING MAN l> KINK
n i > t
Most unique among temperance docu
ments is one, under the above title, written
by James I'arton, and p-uUi-hed in the
August number of the Atlantic Monthly.
Leaving the moral and religious aspects of
the temperance question to the considera
tioo of others. Mr. Barton discusses it on
purely physical grounds. A--timing as true
no doobtful or disputed positions, pnsum
ing to settlo no point on which doctors —ot
Divinity or Medicine—dbagree, resting his
argument entirely upon phenomena patent
to all who-e habits of observation and study
are such as to entitle them to the possession
of opinions on the subject, be makes out a
case, again-t even the moderate use of spir
ituou- and intoxicating liquors, which we
believe to be unanswerable, and which can
not be without beneficial influence upon very
many young men who are hopefully looking
forward to a life of successful activity.
Mr. Barton's Utopian age is that in which
man shall thoroughly understand the laws of
his physical being; and bia "coating man"
is he who, with an intelligent knowledge of
these laws, shall strive, in obedience *o
them, tc attain the highest type of physical
and intellectual manhood. He believe*that
reasoning nten, when asked to relinquish a
pleasure, or what they believe to be a
pleasure, need only to be convinced that it
is best they should. "By and by. be says,
"we shall ail comprehend that when a per
son means to r> f - m his lite, the very first
thing for him todo—the .Ling preliminary
and most iodispeusable—will be to cease
violating physical laws." When this time
comes, people will not submit to be poisoned
with vitiated air in'public assembly-rooms,
"they will tear up the benches, if necessary;
they will throw things on the stage; they
wiil knock a bole in the wall; they will have
the means of breathing, or perish in the
struggle;" they will not allow their children
to Ire killed off by thousands by the "dis
eases of childhood" (so-called) which arise
from lung poison; and they will not indulge
in wine or strong drink.
We all know that excess is hurtful, but
each man expects to be moderate. We all
know that adulterated liquors are injarious,
but each flatters himself that he obtains the
pure article. "Is the thing itself pernicious?
—pure wine taken in moderation? good
beer? genuine old Bourbon?" This: question
Mr. Barton undertakes to answer. We
cannot fol'ow hint through Lis very able and
lucid argument and illustration; but will
briefly state a few of his conclusions :
"Alcoholic liquor- cannot be nourLhmtut,
in the ordinary acceptation of that word,
because the quantity of nutritive matter in
them so email. . . If, therefore,
t the.-* beverages do us good, it is not by
| supplying the body with nourishment.
"Nor can they aid digestion by assisting
to decompose food Several ex
periments have been made with a view to
ascertain whether mixing alcohol with the
gastric-juice increases err lessens its power to
decompose food, ani the results of all of
theta point to the conclusion that the alco
hoi retards the process of decomposition.
' A little aJcobol retards it a little, and much
alcohol retards it much. It has been proved
by repeated experiment, that any portion of
alcohol, however small, diminishes the pow
er of the gastric juice to decompose.
"Xor is it a heat producing fluid. On
the contrary, it appears, in ail eases, to
diminish the efficiency of the heat-prodocing
process. Most of us, who live here in the
North, and who are occasionally subjected
to extreme cold for hours at a time, know
this by personal experience; and all the
i Arctic voyagers attest it.
BEDFORD, PA.. FRIDiV. NOV. 27- I*6B.
"Stiil Less is alcohol a strength giver.
Every man that ever trained for a supreme
exertion of strength knows that Tom Sayers
spoke the truth when he said: 'l'm no
teetotaler; but when I've any bu-iness todo,
there's nothing iike water and the dumb
j bells.' RichatdCobJen, whose powers were
subjected to a far severer trial than a pugi
list ever dreamed of, whose labors by night
. and day, during the corn-law struggle, were
excessive and continuous beyond those of
any other member of the House of* Com
mons. bears similar testimony : 'The more
work I have had to do, the more I have re
sorted to ihe pump and the teapot.' On
this branch of the subject, al' the testimony
is against alcoholic drinks. Whenever the
point has been tested—and it has often been
tested—the truth lias been confirmed, that
he who w< u!d do his very best and most,
whether in rowing, lifting, running, watch
ing, mowing, climbing, fighting, speaking,
or writing, must not admit into bis system
; one diop of alcohol.
"\\ eall know that when we drink alcohol
tc liquor, it affects the brain immediately.
Most of us are aware, too, that it affects the ,
brain injuriously, lessening at once its pow
er to discern and discriminate
Take two glasses of wine, and then imme
dlately apply yourself to the hardest task
j your mind ever has to perform, and you
w ill find you cannot do it. Let any student,
ju-t before be sits down to his mathematics, ;
drink a pint of the purest beer, and he will
be painfully conscious of loss of power. Or, i
' let any salesman, before beginning wirh n
difficult but important customer, perform
the idiotic action of'taking a drink, and he
will soon discover that his ascendency over
' his customer is impaired. In some way
this alcohol, of which we are so fond, gets
ito the brain and injures it. We are eon- ■
scious of this, and we can observe it. It is
among the wine-drinking classes of our fel
low-beings, absurd, incomplete, and reac
tionary ideas prevail. The receptive, the ;
curious, the candid, the trustworthy brains
. —those that do not take th'mgs for granted, j
and yet are ever open to conviction -such
heads are to be found on the shoulders ol ,
men who drink little or none of these seduc
tive fluids AH that has yet
been ascertained of the effects of alcohol by
the dissection of the body favors the extreme
position of the extreme teetotalers. A brain j
; alcoholized the ntiereecopa proves to be a
brain diseased. Blood which has absorbed
. alcohol is unhealthy blood—the microscope |
shows it. The liver, the heait, and other \
organ", which have been accustomed to ah- j
sorb alcohol, all give testimony under the
microscope wbieb produces discomfort in
the mind of one who likes a glass of wine
: an J hopes to be able to continue the enjoy
ment of it."
As a mtdicine, in ease of certain disease#,
Mi Part OB thinks that alcohol may be used
with benefit. All disease is the result ola
violation (personalor ancestral) of nature's
laws, to ward off, for a time, the conse
quences of which, poison may be used. In
eon-utnption. alcohol prevents ihe waste of
muscular tissue, and may prolong life, and
"in a few instances of intermittent disease,
a small quantity of wine may sometimes
enable a patient who is at the low tide of
vitality to anticipate the turn of the tide,
and borrow of four o'clock enough of five
o'clock's strength to enable him to reach
five o'clock. With regard to this daily
drinking of wine and whiskey, by ladies
and others, for mere debility, it is a delu
sion. In such eases wine is, in the most
liserul sense of the word, a wock> !*. It
seems to nourish, bnt does not; it seems to
warm, but does not, it seems to strengthen,
but does not: it Is an arrant cheat and per
petuates the evils it Ls supposed to alleyi-
In our social life wine plays an important
part, beeau o cur social life is a constant
warfare again.-t our physical nature. The
kinds and. quantities 0) food which society;
eats, and the times at which it eats it; the !
hours it keeps and the air it breathes, ren
der stimulants seemingly necessary to sus
tain its energies. S.i indeed with the mer
chant who overworks bis brain, or the me
chanic who demands of his muscles a grea
ter labor than they can sustain. A'coh, i
enables us, if we use it with caution, to draw
a mortgage on our future powers (but at a
t< rrible rate of interest) to meet a presnt
emergency, or, for a time, to ward off do
served punishment. This seems to ' itidi- :
cute the real office of alcohol in our tn> i rn
life: it enables ns to violate the laws of na
ture without immcdiatesuffermganJ speed
destruction. This appears to be its ehief
office, in conjuction with its ally, tobacco."
But the "coming man" will not violate!
the Saws of his body. He "will not drink
wine when he is well. It will be also an j
article of his religion not to commit any of
those sioa against his body, the con-queu- j
ces of which can be postponed by drinking
wine. He will hold his body in veneration.
He will feel all the turpitude and shame of
violating it. He will not acquire the grea
test intellectual good hy the smallest bodily
10-s. He will know that mental acquisitions j
gained at the expenses of physical power or 1
prowr-s are not culture, but effeminacy. He
will honor a rosy and stalwart ignoramus,
who is also an honest man, faithfully stand i
ing at his post; but he will start back with
affright aiui indignation at the spectacle of
a pal i i philosopher. The Coming Man,
I am firmly persuaded, will not drink wine,
nor any other stimulating fluid. If by
chance he should be sick, he will place him
self in the bands of the Coming Doctor, and i
take whatever is prescribed. The impres
sion is strong upon my mind, after reading
almost all there is in print on the subject,
and conversing with many physftians, that
the Coming Doctor will give his patients
alcoholic mixtures about as often as he will
give them laudanum, and in doses of about
the same magnitude, reckoned by drop.-."
ONE after the other the States of the
Union arc adopting universal suffrage, until
at the present time we find that colored men
vote absolutely in Maine, Vermont, New
Hampshire, Ma achusetts, Rhode Island,
Wisconsin, Minnesota, lowa, Nebraska. Ten
nessee, North Carolina, South Carolina,
Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Mis
souri. Arkansas and West Virginia, nineteen
States. Iu New York and New Jersey col
orcd men are now allowed to vote under cer
tain property qualifications. In Texas, Mis
flssippi and Virginia when admitted, they
must vote by the terms of the reconstruction
acts.
A WOMAN of miscellaneous affection says
she would rather have six husbands than one
child.
NASBY.
The residential Election—The News
Beanes Kentucky—The X Bonds in
Moaning.
Porr>ms, Conpetirlt X Roabji (Wich
is in tlnStnte) uv Kentucky, Nov. 5, 1868.
-Bad rws travels fast. We hev beerd
from er.-ff of the States to know that the
butchvrSrant—he which wunst afore stood
in the lay of the Confederacy—ht z been
elected President, and that Seymore and
Blare. :*e glorious standard bearers, hev
defeatw ignominiously.
This uds it! This finishes it! There is
no longr hope for Dimocrisy. Our starts
sot in gloom. Never .-hei I forgit the
ghastly appearance of Dccktn Pogram's
face, < z ihe fatal nooze was told him. A
single tar roiled from his left eye, down his
turrowd cheek—it glittered for a brief mo
ment ot the tip uv hi- Lt illy ant nose, and
plunge* off iuto space! How like our
hopes! Never a word sed he, but sadly
bet'kond m L> fol!er_ Sadly he walked to
cli <?n!lre, moumruHy ho pulled down tho
Coofederit flag w hieh hex waved from the
pole in froßt of Ba-com s, tenderly he fold
ed it; and placed it under the barl uv whis
ky in the bar. "Thar let it rest," gasped
he in a husky tone, "it will never kiss the
breezes no more." And overcome with
euiosliW, the good old man bursted into a
flood u teers, wich saved his life. The
drain ui uioi-ture from his system made it
neeessaty for him to take sttthin to fill its
place, ttid that suthin wuz strengthening
too.
Anl Ben Butler is elected. That ex
cellent conservative Richard EL Dana,
who hat forgotten that ruffled shirts went
out of date 20 yeers ago. and who still reads
the „\<4-/i nel luttUi'rjericer spot-in it to be a
r t\ hig paper, is deicaied, and Butler, who
won-t hung a Peniokrat in Noo Orleens,
and who wood do that same every mornin
to give him an appetite, is fastened onto
this here wunst happy but tiow distracted
county for two yeers more.
Grashus Hev ins send the yaller fever to
the Corners now, and finish us up to wunst.
I wort t say a word ez to the cause uv this
terrible defeat. Sep more would make spee
ches, wich hcz aliuz bin fatal to Presiden
shul aspirants, and Blare would write terri
ble letters, wich is just cz bad. Besides,
Biare fa;r!y repre-i nts us, wieh druv off all
the dee nt people, and Seymore rather
prides bissolfon be in a gentleman, which
chilled tie ardor of our own party. The
nomina"beß- were unforebnit. but don't re
proach 'em. It's fate.
I sigh, Deetin Pogram sighs, and ihe rest
of our cirkie wood sigh, only tbey Leven t
returned :'ruw Injeaoy, where they hev gone
: to vote in the inrtoe.-t of the Gonstitooshen,
| and to aid in the maintainance uv the laws.
Sigh ! I hev reason to high. For Pollock
! will git the Post Offis after all. Tho his
hands are contaminated hy bein taken into
the hands uv niggers—his Lands wich hand
les kaliker and draws molasses, and is coo
> sequently degraded by earniti hi® own livin
—hi® hands will pass out to Peek in Pogram
the paper wich the Corners takes? Tin-
Dtekin, tz he thought uv this, Lust into
tcers aein. "I shel scop that paper," sez
he, "and the Corners -!ie! g 0 back into the
darknis uv ignorance. I shel never agin go
for a letter —nor will I ever hev one written
; fot me t > anybody. When a Ablishn (aee
is at the general delivery, I shclstop patern
j izin the Post OS®!"
Will the new Administration deprive a
whole community uv a paper merely to give
ne uv it< supporters a posishun ? We shel
i see.
Hut I ■Mod end. or tho 1 -s of my posishen
| —for principle I kin look uiartcrdom square
| ly in the face —but 1 -ee other and more ter
-1 rible results fvllowin the catastrophe.
Wat uv the uig.zers? Wat uv a- f We
-hel hev r.t our poles, all uv the black cusses
tho live htwr < ti here and (Jarrettsiown, a
voiimz reglertz though they wuz white
mi n. We she! hev em dctilin the sacred
i ballet-box cz tho they wuz not uv a eussid
race. Ise • dark lines afore our poor State.
They will hereafter hold the land wich they
hev bought, and they will increase and rnul
tiply. Pollock will buy their prodoose and
they will work and get money. This money
they will lend to us—for we must hev it to
sustain life—and they will take mortgages
onto our land. (When [-ay our, I mean
IIV kin IVgraui and sieh.) Ez we never
Work ourselves, and will not hev, under the
pri sent arrangement, the means uv eompel
i lio the lab r nece sarv to our support, we
kin never pay; and tho result will be. this
! beautiful land uv ouro, wich we so deerly j
: love, will pas® out uv the hands uv the
stronger and L. iter race into the control uv
a weaker and less powerful people.
The l> -'kin was remarkin suthin to thi®
effect, when Joe B'gler remarkt in reply,
that the Deekin bed better throw himself
i onto the .-sympathy of his sons.
"Why, they can't work any more than I
j kin," aed the Deekin.
"I don't mean yoor poor white son- !"'
■ sed this terrible Higler. " Tiny ain't nv no
| akkonnr. But in the nigger settlement at
Garret tstown, ou hev more than twenty
who wood—"
The poor Deekin rushed out uv the room
while liiglor lal't his most feendish laff.
The people will be deprived uv their inno
eeut arnooscnient®. Thi® Grant will send
on armed hirelins, clothed iu ojusbloo, with
muskets and sieh, who will prevent our
■hootin niggers, and who will perfect on
ther farms and in ther shops the ojus Nor
therners who have settled in our midst. We
shel e the gellorious Southern system de
cline .-tidily and shoorly. The whippin
i posts will rot, and the stox will decay—the
yelp uv dorgs will no more be heerd. and
the cheerful crack nv the pistol and the
-hreek uv the man what has got his gruel,
will uo more be heerd in all the land. Bas
eom, after he hez the few farms still un
mortgaged in th vicinity, will close and go
to Looisville, and embark into a wholesale
grosery trade and jine the church, and give
■ tibrallv to Sundy skools; his grosery will fall
into decay and the sine will hang by one
hinge. We shel see churches and skool
houses, facrrys and vikges every where. The
Pogram place uv 2,000 akers will be divided
up into twenty farms, and on them farms
trill be thebusilin Noo Yorker, the cool,
caleulatin Yankee, the stiddy, hard workin
German —who will display his grovelin
naeher bv workin himself, instidof forein
niggers to do it ior him. Wc shel be run
over with skoolmarms, deluged with acade
mies, plastered over with noosepapers,
stunned with machinery, drove crazy by the
whirr, crash and ek.-h uv inowin machines
j and reapers. And there will be cheese
made at the Corners, Bennibacker's distil
lery wi;l be turned into a cheese factry. and
weak whey will run wher now the genrous
high wines flash along the troughs. Ther
will be no rectify in at the Corners—the hog
pens will be abolished, and in ther sted will
be skool houses. And methings I see in my
mind's eye, Horasho, the sperit, the ghost
uv the departed Pogram (for be wont sur
vive it long), a boverin over the scene, ex
Ham lick's father did. The blessed shade
wiil look in vain for his house—en the spot
wher it stood will he an academy. He will
turn to Bascom's, but ther he will find a
deestrict skule. "To Pennibacker's I" he
will gasp in a sperit whisper, and with a
speritooal smack uv his spiritooal lips he
will hover over it, but the smell uv eheese
in the place uv the streugtbin odors iu wich
he ddites, will send a spiritooal shudder
thro him. A gost uv a tear will ruu down
his spiritooal nose, linger for a ujinnit at the
tip like a dew drop on the rose, and fall!
Then will the dissatisfied gost demand to be
tukt tt baek to purgatory, a place less tryin
to bis nerves.
Deekin Pograut hez only britoned up
wunst.
A thot flashed over l>t3 tuind wich gave
him comfort for a minuit. "Isn't ther a
Booth for Grant ez ther wuz for Linkin?"
askt he.
"Ah !" sed lin alarm, "wood you kill
Grant to hev Colfax in his place? We mite
kill Colfax, say you, Alai ! sposn they'd
elect Sumner cz President uv the Senit.
Kill Sumner ? GoudLord, no ! They'd
tb n elect Butler Speeker uv the house,
ani he cant't be killed. No ! No! We
hed better bear the ills we hev than to fly to
them we know not uv. Its gone. All is
up with me and us. I shel stay in Ken
tucky for the present, tho wat may become
uv me the Lord only knows.
PETROLEUM V. NASBY, P. M.,
(Wich is Postmaster.)
AKT AT THE CAPITAL.
NATIONAL PICTURES AND STATUTES.
Mr. G. A. Townsend, in bis last letter to
the Cleveland Leader , gives the following
art gossip; L'.utze is the author of the
most ambitious picture in the country, the
' Westward Ho!" It was not overpaid for
at $20,1100, and expresses tolerably well a
representative episode of emigration toward
the Pueifie. Wagons in train are laboring
up the mountains, with pioneers tugging
ahead, and from the crest of a pass they see
the ocean, when the sunset gilds the air and
the peaks, and dogs, and babies and sick
women sitting upon their baggages, thrill
with the strong and exquisite beauty of na
ture and the nearness of a home.
Itis much easier to discourage the art we
have than to make a better one. We have
not passed much beyond mathematics and
chemistry in historical art; but this piece by
Leutze for general national effect is well cal
culated and good enough, it Is better than
any of the panels in Westminster Palace and
not much worse than a good deal of the mil
itary truck at Versailles. It is too Teuton
ic. But the cheerful patriot, coming to see
it, exclaims that this is indeed a great coun
try, and wants to entertain the artist for a
week at his borne.
lirumidi. who has painted a large picture
in the eye of the dome, ot unequal power
but still effective, received $40,000 for it.
He was at, work only eleven months, but
there is nobody in America who ean do this
- >rt of giffintic painting under a horizontal
surface. He worked with great white wash
brushes and with great rapidity. The pie
ture is about as effective as any dome de
"igns are, not much worse than that within
the dome at Florence, brilliant enough for
our domestic patriotism, and naked enough
for an Italian's understanding of art. Bru
mi li has property here and does very well
for a grandiose Bohemian, but Leutze work
ed irregularly, and was. I think, poor. As
to the men. the last was a soldier, friend,
and fellow citizen. Brumidi is a natural
ized comet, striking pots pell mell.
Clark, the architect, wants the latter to
paint a frit-ze halt' way up the walls of the
d one. The Signor wants $70,000 for it!
It had better be well done, once for all.
The new bronze doors for the Senate side
of the Capitol are undergoing casting, I
have heard, at Ames' factory in Massachu
-. tts; those of the House side, so much ad
mit ed, were cast in Munich; they weigh
twenty thousand pounds apiece and cost to
gether SOO,oOO. In the House door, Rog
ers, the artist, himself as Bartholomew t'o
lutubus and his wife as Beatriz de Bobadiila.
This is a pleasing private freak of the artist,
quite in place fcceause he was unable to find
portraits of the originals, and altogether
praiseworthy, as compared with a foreign
artist here, who is said to have painted his
mi-tress, his wife and Washington into the
same composition, after the manner of the
socialists who set a cyprian behind the altar
of a church as the Gixldess of Reason.
The great sitting figure of Washington, in
the park, by Grenough, was brought across
the water in a speeial government ship, mer
chant vessels being unwilling to take it It
cost $25,000. This and the huge group
called "Civilization," are the chief pieces of
the unfortunate artist, who was sensitive
enough to have had genius. He was ex
tremely anxious and conscientious, but one
may have both of these without power. Al
together this Washington is a fine study,
outraged by the nation which has set it na
ked in ail its Roman inappoaiteness out in
the rain, whereas it was meant to stand un- 1
dci the dome where it ought to be now.
The most admired objects in the Capitol
are among the oldest. Among these is
Franzoni s cloak, where History in a chari
ot, looking d*wn on Congress, writes, and
the chariot wheel is an actual clock. There [
is a picture of Winfk-ld Scott hgre, on one of j
the stairways, that is not Government prop
erty, and another of Washington, by Rem- j
braudt Peale, both of which have been here j
long enough to have lost their title. Pow- j
era received twenty thousand dollars for res-1
pective statues of Jefferson and Franklin ;
here, and Stone fourteen thousand for bi9
Hancock and Hamilton. Walker was paid (
six thousand for a painting of the stoiming ■
of Chapultepee. The statuary here, aluy j
gether, cost not muob above S:KX),OOQ.
A W ESTERS editor, in response to a sub
scriber who grumbles that his morning
paper was intolerably damp, says, "that it
is because there is so much due on it."
A WESTERN editor, when in durance for
libelling a justice of the peace, wa requested
by the jailor to give the prison a favorable
notice,
vol.. 41: JTO. 45
THE SODA DIKTKICT OF MEXICO.
This singular region contains 720 square
miles of territory, the soda or 'tequisquite,'
as it is generally called in that country, be
ing chiefly deposited cn the lowlands by the
lake of Tezcueo, about six miles from the
city of Mexico, and which sometimes over
flows up to its gates. It appears that the
mud of this lake contains four per cent, of
soda, and the vater itself gives the following
results at one degree Beaume, with a
density of 1,0060: Water, 98,800; chloride
of soda, 0,970, carbonate of soda, 0,486,
and sulphate of soda, 0,0.>4. The efflores
cent soda deposited upon the lands referred
to is to be found in much more considerable
quantities during the winter or dry season
in Mexico than during the summer, when
the diurnal rains wash much of it away, nor
can it be collected during the latter season
as the water soaks in the soil, but upon the
return of the dry weather, the rays of the
sun evaporating the moisture upon the sur
! face, that left below gradually rises; and by
| this natural process the salts are consoiida
! ted, forming a rru.-t, generally about one
I centimetre thick. Foraetimes, also, the
t efflorescence may be produced by ploughing j
up and afterwards watering the soil. The !
efflorescence begins to be observable at the !
end of autumn, its white and crumbling,
flakes concentrating themselves by the action j
of the winter frosts into the crust above re- j
ferred to, and which is composed of two de_ j
scriptions of soda, called by the natives of !
the districts around "cMearillo" and "po!
viilo," and which are scraped up and de
posited in cellars for immediate sale or for
putrifaetion on the spot.
The soda which is obtained from the wa
ters of the lake themselves is generally not
perceivable uutil a considerable evaporation
of them has taken place, when it appears
upon the surface of them in the form of a
frothy substance, for the obtaining of which
the waters of the lake are dammed up into
pools, as soon as they begin to retire, by
! heaping up mounds of earth around them.
The simple mode of proceeding hitherto:
pursued by the natives of the country for I
the separation of the soda and the common j
1 salt from the other substances, and which is
still pursued in the most remote silitrous
lands of the country, has been replaced in
other places by other means for attaining
the same ends suggested by chemical sciences
I and modern discoveries. The old system
consists in diluting and filtering the silitrous
earth reserved to, and which is placed in
large pans formed of the earth from which
' the "tequisquit" has beenalreadyextracted,
which branches of trees are placed
crossways and entwined with rushes or
"petate," a kind of grass used for matting,
so as to stop the earthy particles and sul
phate of soda from going through, the pan
being pierced at the bottom so as to admit
of the passing through of the water, which
being conducted by means of a hollow reed
or of a maguey into tanks, evaporation
is effected by the action of the air and sun,
or by means of artificial heat when the water
is conducted into boilers.
The salineros who conduct the salt works
convey the water to the height of twelve
i inches into troughs of masonry, the time
i consumed in the process of crystallization
naturaily depends upon the temperature of
| the atmosphere or other meteorological
' causes; but it is calculated that, the solu
' tion being at 18 degrees to 20 degrees
Beaume, and the water being from two and
a half to three inches in depth, crystalliza
tion takes place in four da>s in summer and
eight in winter. The earthly particles con
tained in the water are cleared out of the
trough as soon as they appear; the chloride
of sodium then crystallizes and forms a
"crust" of about a centiameter thick, and
adheres to the bottom of the trough; the sa
line particles then forming themselves into
small heaps as tie water dries up, being
finally spread out to dry and harden in the
sun.
THE POWER OFEELICIOS.
There is no duty, no study, no pleasure,
no society, no attachment, from which the
principles and sentiments of true religion
should be ektiuded. Our ordinary labors,
public, or private, official, professional, or
handicraft; our studying in every departmet;
all innocent, genial, and gladsome pur
suit, tempered by reason, ai! our attach
ments and affections to family, friends and
country will be the better, the purer, and the
happier for the presence and the influence
of true and happy piety. They do not know
aright the mind or the heart of the man
who would trust to either, apart from the
influences of religion. They know not what
the Christian religion is, who imagine that
she comes into mind or heart to {quench any
noble aspiration, any generous feeling, any
patriotic devotion, any sweet and tender
family or friendly affection. She comes to
quicken, to deepen, to elevate them all -to
give new life to everything within us that
is worthy of living. As, therefore, there is
no real and sound religion which is not illus
trated by brotherly love and Christian fel
lowship, so let us also remember that there
is no pure, or safe, or happy fellowship
which does not rest or move on Christian
principle. That there may be true fellow
ship with one another, there must be fel
lowsbip with God and with bis iSon, Jesus
Christ. The work of his grace is not to
discharge or extract, but renew and sanctify
the humanity that iswiihin us, and to re
store us to that imago of God in which, as
men, we were created. While we are in this
worid we mst work, and feel, and live as
men. But the Christian knows and feels
that, of religion—or rather of Him whom
religion teaches us to love and trust—it is the
peculiar office to hallow aad purify all the
best of what is human by the presence and
power ol what is divine. If we thus pass
on through the course of our pilgrimage,
trusting, working, loving, in such fellowship !
' as this, we may be enabled to say—
So shail no part of day or night,
From •acredness be free.
And all my work, at every step,
Be fellowship with thee.
—Lord. Ardmillan, of Scotland.
"KATE!" cried a girl, looking down from 1
the upjier story of a grocery, addressing
; another girl who was trying to enter at the
1 front door, "we've all been to camp tteetin'
and been converted, so when yon want
anything on Sunday, you'll have to come
round to the kitchen door."
"MA&Y, ia your master at home?" "No,
sir, he's out." "I don't believe it." "Well,
then, he'll come down and tell yon hisaelf.
Perhaps you will believe him "
RATES OF AJD VEIiTIFI
All i|f<srt|£aijionU ftr k tkgn 1 st-rf-dw i
cxmltf per *fne for tack insertion. 9pccjl • -<fc
one-balf <UditioDi. All resolutions of AM-xtfe
tion*, commockatioßJ of n limited or :u-l,fid*
interest and notices of marriages sod dratki. ex
ceeding five line*. lu-cU. pet Hoe. All lei*, sati
net of every kind, *nd ell Orphan*" C-<>rt rd
other Judicial eale*, ere retired by lew U, be pub
lished in both papers. Editorial Notices Id cent*
per line. All Advertising doe efterflrat in-erlion.
A liberal discount made to yearly advertiser*.
3 moots. A month*. I year
One square..., S4M t 6.0' #IO.OO
Tee squares 15.00 -ol> 10.06
Three square. 8.00 13.06 30 S
One-fourth column..—.- 11.90 20.00 '3.60
Half column 10.00 .0o * "
One etaiumo SO.OO 45.4K- 00
PLEASANT HOMES.
Parent*, strive to make your hone* p •*-
sant and attractive ! If you wouiu have
your children grow up pure, healthy ami
beautiful, attempt not to destroy tbeir love
for beautiful things, and for healthy recrea
tion. Do not labor with such cold rigid,
self denying economy to hoard up tt ney to
bestow upon tbem at your death, fatter de
vote a portion of your surplus income to
embellishing and beautifying your dwellings
and to furnish your girls and boya w-th the
means of home enjoy ment. Introdin ■* into
your family circle innocent amusements, aud
above all, yourselves join and assist the
young in their recreations and plans lor so
cial diversion. Teach tbein that most
beautiful aDd soul inspiring accomplishment
music; allow them to mingle in the graceful
and health-giving dance, to romp, laugh
and be merry.
Many parent* will crush with a fr< wn
every attempt, at hilarity on the pa:? o*
Übeir children, tbey will banish all ia.ii"-
I tuout and gayety from the family circle, and
! cause a shade of gloom to settle over their
homes. What is the course of the children
of such parents ? To escape from tho op
pressive atmosphere of home becomes tho
governing motive of ail their action".
When away from the immediate care of
their parents tbey will secretly go to place*
wluch they have been forbidden to visit, and
mingle with children with whom they bavo
been told not to associate; then they will im
mediately become more hardened, and
plunge deeper and deeper into the sea of
forbidden pleasures, and resort to falsehood
to shield themselves from detection; and
after they have taken this step their down
ward course is straight and rapid. They
frequent drinking shops, smoke and swear,
associate with fast young men, soon become
"fast,'' themselves, and at last cause the
hoary heads of their parents to boar is ior
row.
Are not such parents in a measure, t"
sponsible for the sins of their children
The young will have enjoyment, and if they
cannot find it at Lome they will seek k
el-c wht re in doubtful places and in
doubtful company. They are full of vital
ity and gayety; they have an ungovernable
desire for amusement and social intercourse,
and that desire must be gratified, legiti
mately it may be, or illegitimately. Attempt
to suppress it and you will ruin your chil
dren; direct it in the proper channel, and
you will cause them to grow up boppy aud
contented into the best and noblest of tnen
and women.
One half of the depraved aud abandoned
men and women of this country have been
made what they are by their parents.
Through ignorance and superstition they
have been driven from their homes, which
to them should lie the most attractive places
on earth, to seek the street "by the forbid
den paths," for that recreation which is es
sential to their very existence.
You who have children to train up. think
of this 1 Devote a Portion of your time and
money to gratifying their love for social
amusement. If you do not get rich quite
as fast, if you, perchance, do not die a mil
lionaire, what matters it ? You iii be
compensated a hundred fold for the pecu
niary loss by the joy and pleasure you will
experience by seeing your children gin* up
noble and virtuous, honored and respected
by those around them.—DI'SNELL.
Livix; BY RULE.
Living by rule, as a Medo-Persian law,
inflexible, is very unwise, especially if a
person is in reasonable health. We have
given a great multitude of counsels on the
subject of health and disease, and in con
nection with the statement that we have
not lost an hour front our office on account
of sickness ia a quarter of a oentuty and
more, many have inquired, with ag< >1 deal
of interest, "Do you live up to the ruU-syou
give others? ' Certainly not; man is not a
machine, that must be turned in a certain
direction, or it will bo destroyed ; nor like
a locomotive, which must tun on one fixed
track, or not run at all. The Architect, of
all worlds made us for acting under a great
variety of circumstances, and in infinite
wisdom and benevolence has given to man
a mechanism of wonderful adaptability, by
which be can live healthfully on land or *:
in the valley or on the mountain top; in the
tropics or at the poles; on the barren locks
or in the rich savannas. Our modes of life
tnust.be adapted to our age, our occupation
and the peculiarities of our constitution.
There are certain genera! principles which
arc applicable to all. Every man should ba
regular in his habits of eating; should have
all the sound sleep which nature will -ate;
should be in the open air an hour or two
every day, when practicable, aßd should
have a pleasurable and an encouragingly re
munerative Occupation, which keeps him a
little pushed, and they are happiest who
are in this last category; at the same time,
if a man accustoms himself to go to bed at
nine o'clock, he need not break his neck or
get into a stew if circumstances occur to keep
him up an hour or two later now and then;
and so with eating, exereise and many other
things. No one oagh: to make himself a
galley slave to any observance; occasional de
viations from all habits are actually bene
ficial; they impart a pliability to the con
stitution, give it a greater range of health
ful action. Don't go into a fit if dinner is
not ready at the instant. Deliver us from
a machine man, a routinist, "for which wo
ever pray. ' — Haltt Journal of Health.
DEAD AS HOIK A DAY. —There was a
lad who, at fourteen, was apprenticed to a
soap dealer. One of his resolutions was to
read an hour a day, or at least at that tale,
and he had an old silver watch, left him by
his uncle, which he timed his reading by.
He stayed seven years with his master, and
said when he was twenty-one he km . as
much as the young squire did. Now i.-t a*
see how much time he had to read in, in
seven years, at the rate of one hour each
day. It would be 2,555 hours, which at the
I rate of eight reading hours per day, would
! be equal to three hundred and ten days;
; equal to forty-five weeks; nearlly a year's
! reading. That time spent in treasurii gup
| useful knowledge would pile up a very large
; store. I am sure it is worth trying for
; Try what you can do. Begin now. J>> af
i ter years you will look back upon the task
' as the most pleasant and profitable you ever
performed.
"CAUGHT in her own net," as the man said
when he saw one of the fair sex hitcheu in
her crinoline.

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