OCR Interpretation

Bedford inquirer. [volume] (Bedford, Pa.) 1857-1884, January 29, 1869, Image 1

Image and text provided by Penn State University Libraries; University Park, PA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83032006/1869-01-29/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

The IKQI'IR** i published every FRIDAY mom.
lag be following ratex:
0* TA, (in advance,) $2.00
" " (it not paid within six m0t.)... $2.50
" (if aot paid within the year.)... $3.00
All paper# outside of the county discontinued
without notice, at the expiration of the time for
which the subscription has been paid.
Single copies of the paper famished, in wrappers,
at five cents each.
Communications on subjects of local or general
nterest, are respectfully solicited. To ensure at
tentiou favors of this kind must invariably be
accompanied by the name of the author, not for
publication, but as a guaranty against imposition.
All letters pertaining to business of the office
should be addressed to
JOHN LCTZ, Bsorosi). FA.
Nawsearan Laws. —We would call the special
attenti'in o: Po" Masters and subscribers tc the
Lvot IRSR to 'be following synopsis of the News
paper laws: ... ,
1. A Postmaster ts required to giro notice by
rttter, ( returning a paper does not answer the law)
when a subscriber does not take his paper out of
the office, and state the reasons tor its not being
taken: and a neglect to do so makes the Postmas
ter repeoneible to the publishers for the payment.
2, Any person who takes a paper from the Post
office, whether directed to his name or another, or
whether he has subscribed or not is responsible
for the pay.
2. If a person orders bis paper discontinued, he
must pay all arrearages, or the publisher may
continue to send it until payment "is made, and
ollect the whole amount, uhrtker it be taken from
Ike office or not. There can be no legal discontin
uance until the payment is made.
4. If the subscriber orders his paper to be
stopped at a certain time, and the publisher con
tinucsto send, the subscriber is bound to pay for
it, if ke takee it oat of tke Poet Office. The law
proceeds upon the ground that a man must pay
for what.be uses.
5. The courts have decided that refusing to take
newspapers and periodicals from the Post office,
or removing and having them uncalled for, is
prima facia evidence of intentional fraud.
•frofrssioaal & aSusiacsji
Office opposite Reed A Schell's Bank,
ouose! given in English and German. [apl2fi]
Have formed a partnership in the practice of
the Law, in new brick building near the Lutheran
Church. [April 1, 1864-tf
Renpectfully tender! bis professional services j
the public. Office with J. W. Lingenfelter, :
Esq., on Public Square near Lutheran Church.
Collections promptly made. [Dec.9, '64-tf.
Will faithfully and promptly attend to all busi
ness entrusted to his care in Bedford and adjoin
a ccnnties. Military claims, Pensions, back
j,av, Bounty, Ac. speedily collected. Office with
Mann A Spang, on Juliana street, 2 doors south
of the Mengel House. apl 1,1864. —tf.
Will attend promptly to all business intrusted to
his care. Collections made on the shortest no
lle •->, also, a regularly licensed Claim Agent
and ail give special attention to the prosecution
lis s against the Government for Pensions,
Back I ay, Bounty, Bounty Lands, Ac.
Office on Juliana street, one door South of the
Inquirer office, and nearly opposite the 'Mengel
House" April 28, 1865:t
Bedford, Pa.,
Will attend promptly and faithfully to all busi
ness entrusted to their carc. Special attention
given to collections and <-he prosecution of claims
for Back Pay, Bounty. Pensions, Ac.
j&f Office on Juliana street, south of the Court
Htuse. Aprils:lyr.
Will practice in the Court? of Bedford and ad
joining counties. All business entrusted to their
care will receive careful and prompt attention.
Pensions, Bounty, Back Pay, Ic., speedily col
lected from the Government.
Office on Juliana street, opposite the banking
house of Reed A Schell. Bedford, Pa. mar2:tf
Respectfully tenders his professional services to
the people of that place and vicinity. [decS:lyr
jjK. B. F. HARRY,
Respectfully lenders his professional ser.
vices to the citixens of Bedford and vicinity. I
Office and residence on Pitt Street, in tho building
formerly occupied by Dr. J. H. Hofius. [Ap'l 1,34.
Collection! made for the East, West, North and
South, and the general business of Exchange
transacted. Notes and Accounta Collected and
Remittances promptly made. REAL ESTATE
bought and sold. feb22
He keeps on hand a stock of fine Gold and Sil
ver Watches, Spectacle! of Brilliant Doable Refin
ed Glasses, also Scotch Pebble Glasses. Gold
Watch Chains. Breast Pins, Finger Rings, best
quality of Gold Pens, ne will supply to order
my thing in his line not on hand. [apr.2B,'6i.
Travelling Dealers in
In the county once svery two months.
Agents for the Chaiubcreburg Woolen Manufac
turing Company. Apl l:ly
!\ W. C ROUSE,
On Pitt street one dooT east of Geo. R. Oster
A Co.'s Store, Bedford, Pa., is now prepared
to sell by wholesale all kinds of CIGARS. All
orders promptly filled. Persons desiring anything
in his line will do well to give him a call.
Bedford Oct 20. '65.,
This large and commodious house, having been
re taken by the subscriber, is now open for tbe re
ception of visitors and boarders. The rooms are
large, well ventilated, and comfortably furnished.
The table will always be supplied with the best
the a arket can afford. The Bar is stocked with
the choicest liquors. In short, it is my purpose
to keep a FIRsT-CLASS HOTEL. Thanking
the public for past favors, I respectfully solicit a
renewal of their patronage.
N. B. Hacks will run constantly between the
Hotel and the Springs.
mayl7/#7:iy WM. DIBERT, Prop'r.
R. H. SIPES having established a manufactory
of Monuments, Tomb-stunes, Table-Tops, Coun
ter-slabs, Ac., at Bloody Run, Bedford Co., Pa.
and having on hand a well selected stock of for
eign and American Marble, is prepared to fill all
orders promptly and do work in a neat and work
manlike style, and on the most reasonable terms
All work warranted, and jobs delivered to all parts
of this and adjoining counties without extra
I I VERY STABLES, in rear of the "Mengel
* s House," Bedford, Pa.,
MENGEL A BURNS, Proprietors.
fhe undersigned would inform their friends,
, and the public generally, that they are prepared
J ; ' furnish Horses, Buggies, Ctyriage!, Spo-Aing
t agons, or anything in the Livery line of busi
v ness. in good style and at moderate charges.
Terms: Cash, unless by special agreement.
JOHN LUTZ, Editor and Proprietor,
fnpim Cuhimn.
- i
- '
Our facilities for doing all kinds of Job Printing
are equalled by very few establishments in the
country. Orders by mail promptly filled. All
letters should be addressed to
♦ & floral anij (general jlrtospaprv, DrbotrU to politics, (Bftucatum, literature antj jttovals.
ould'st tliou be friend of mine 1
I tiou must be quick and bold
Wheu the right is to be done
And the trutb is to be told.
. Open of eye and speech,
I Open o! hlart and hand,
j Holding thine own but as in trust
i For tby great brother-band.
stout to bear,
i Yet bearing not forever;
Gentie to rule, and slow to bind.
Like lightning to deliver.
True to tby fatherland,
True to thine own true love,
True to tbiue altar and tby creed,
And the good God above.
But w.th no bigot scorn
For fa.th sincere as thine,
Though less of form attend the prayer,
Or more of pomp the shrine.
Remembering him who spake
The word that cannot lie:
"Where two or three in my name meet,
There in the midst am I."
Do this and thou shall knit
Closely uiy heart to thine;
Next t:ie dear love of God above,
Such friend on earth be mine 1
Nothing but leaves. The spirit grieves
Over a wastetl life:
Sin committed while conscience slept,
Promises made and never kept;
Hatred, battles and strife —
Nothing but leaves.
Nothing but leaves; no gathering sheaves
Oflife's fair ripeued grain;
Words; idle words, for earnest deeds;
We sow our seeds—lo ! tares and weeds
We reap fur toil and pain—
Nothing but leaves.
Nothing but leaves; memory weaves
No veil to screen the past;
As we retrace our weary way,
Counting each lost aud misspeut day,
We sadly find at last
Nothing but leaves.
And shail we meet our Father so,
Bearing our withered leaves ?
The Saviour looks for perfect fruit —
We staud before Him, humbled, mute,
Writing the words He breathes —
Nothing but leaves.
"All work and no play, makes Jack a
dull boy" is a true saying if not a mdel of
literary excel'ence. Its meaning is that
mind and heart as well as muscle need ex
erei.-e. Minis a complex being. Body,
mind, and soul need to be mutually and
harmoniously developed, or the human
machinery becomes out of balance, and
speedily shakes, itself to pieces. A certain
class of social, philosophers have taken it
upon the m to assert that the laboring
classes , a this country, albeit they perforce
eulti ,-ate muscle enough, do not, and cannot,
for want of time, cultivate sou! and mind as
itiey ought. A distinguished essayist,
hailiug from Boston, the American Athens,
has taken up the pen to urge that the
laboring classes play too much and study
too little, that the nature of the case hardly
admits of much effort at mental improve
ment. So many hours' labor and such
hearty meals to get through it all are re
quired, that any attempt at intellectual im
provement on the part of the working
classes, is, in our Boston Philosopher's
opinion, necessarily as the gait of the ox to
that of a trotting horse.
We have a word to say upon this subject,
and we shall begin by agreeing with our
c-sayist, (hat workinguien, especially young
workingmen, study too little, but we dis
sent totally from the statement that there is
anything in the nature of their labor to pre
vent them as a class from successful study,
if they could be induced to undertake it
Let us see. It is asserted that they eat
too heartily, that they must eat too heartily
to be fleet minded. We admit, because our
experience a- well as physiological science
proves it, that a hearty meal cannot be
followed immediately by vigorous mental
application. The attempt to do it must in
evitably work ill to body and mind. But
we also know from theory and practice that
the last meal of the day should be, espeiiallv
to the laboring man, a light one. This
meal precedes the hours of leisure generally
possessed by laboring men, the hours which
are too generally spent in smoking, theater
go'tig, bdliard playing, drinking in many
sad cases, or what is scarcely better, a season
of mental and physical inanity by tho fire
side, slowly but surely degrading all the
Now let it be distinctly understood that
we do not object to harmless amusements
perse. If workingmen will not study, they
had better play than smoke, drink, or sit by
the fire and nope. We believe in the duty
of recreation. But we also believe that
study itself is recreation to a man whose
muscles have been in active play for ten
hours of the day, and the best kind of
r creation, too. when the last meal has been,
!as it should be, a light one. Then the body
rests while tne mind is fresh and vigorous,
and two or three bouts of profitable and
most interesting intellectual enjoyment can
be had at far les expense than the pipe,
the billiards, or the theatre demands.
Let us now look for a moment at the
question of time. Suppose a laborer to
work ten hours, and to devote two hours
per day to meals and going to and from
work. There remain twelve hours out of
Allow nine hours of this
for sleep—an hour more than necessary for
most persons—but say nine hours; three of
leisure remain' But suppose one hour of
the three to be sjtent with the family, there
arc still two hours of time for quiet study.
Now exclude Sundays from the calculation,
and allow one secular evening for amuse
ment solely, there remain ten hours per
week for study—an amount of time that
would, with ordinary intelligence, au.-wer to
master the rudiments of the French or Ger
man language in a single year, thus open
ing a new and rich field of amusement and
culture. Ten years of such a course would
give a inao the mastery of tho French and
BEDFORD, PA.. FRIDAY, JAN. 20, 1869.
German tongues, a fair knowledge of math
ematics pure and applied, an outline of the
physical sciences, and skill as a draftsman.
The writer of this article, still on tho sunny
side of forty, asserts that the average of all
the time be has been able to devote to study
during his life has been considerably less
than two hours per day. Let any mechanic
at the age of twenty consider how much ad
vantage the above acquirements would be to
him at (he age of thirty, should he obtain
them, and then go to work and get them.
The requisite books can be obtained for less
than many a young man spends for cigars
during six months. Twelve years since we
were in a machine shop in the center of New
York State, where we were having a model
constructed. The young man to whom the
foreman and proprietor had assigned the
work attracted our attention from some re
marks which seemed to indicate a higher
cultivation than is usually met with in young
men occupying similar positions. There
upon we set ourselves to dt.xw him out.
We found him familiar wiih the higher
mathematics, an expert draftsman, and
thoroughly posted in natural philosophy and
the chemistry of the metals. He had com
menced French and German. All these
accomplishments were the reward of even
ing study, pursued steadily since the date
of'his apprenticeship, commenced at the
age of sixteen. This young man wasat that
time just past twenty one, in apparently
perfect mental, moral, and physical health.
He has since risen by successive steps to
foreman, and is now a partner in the same
establishment, a man of wealth and in
The essential character of recreation is
that it transfers the strain from one part of
the vital machinery which needs rest to
another that does not, thus equalizing wear.
But the human system is not like a lathe or
a steam engine, incapable of repairing itself.
As soon as rest is given to any part of it, if
healthy, it commences to repair itself. But
a condition of perfect rest is that the mind
shall be wholly withdrawn from the con
sideration of fatigue, that toil should be
forgotten in the absorbing character of the
recreative occupation. What we ask, is
better calculated to accomplish this result
than a proper course of study?
We might name many other bright ex
arnples which prove that the
tendency of physical labor is to clear the
mind and fit it for study, but we forbear.
Let no young man under ordinary circum
stances excuse himself for ignorance of the
rudiments of knowledge. It is as true of
this of other things that "where there is
a will there is always away." In a recent
article on self-education, wc endeavored to
point out in a brief manner away in which
young men might, if disposed, do something
toward educating themselves, and we may
in the future return to the subject to show
that association will prove in this, as in all
other relations of life, of great value if or
ganized upon a proper basis. We may also
give, indue time, a plan for an organization
adapted to the wants of young mechanics in
rural towns and large manufacturing cs
tabli>hmeats. SCUM t>jic Amcricau.
The Terrible Conililiou of Affairs in
Uie South, of Mhich We Read in the
Telegraph Dispatches—Mr. Nasby In
! Wich is in the State uv Kentutky), Dec.
31, 1868.
The condishun uv affairs in the States
wich wuz engaged in the late unpleasant
ness with a prcjoodis in favor uv the Con
federacy, is most terrible. The country is
unsafe for' any man to live into. Brootal
niggers armed with implements uv war go
roamin thro the country in bands, burnin,
killin, robbin and destroyin; terrifyin the
peeceful planters who arc flyin to the cities
for protection. I saw more than twenty uv
these striken men in a faro bank in Loois
ville, one nite.
Feelin that a statement uv the facts uv
the case mite possibly result in softenin the
rigger uv radical root, and indooce the in
comin administration to remedy our evils
by puttin the power where it ligitimitly be
longs, viz r into the hands uv tho white
Caucashen citizens uv the South, irrespect
ive uv their prejudisses in the matter uv
government, I indulged into a small tour of
iuspecshen, extendin niy researches ez far
South ez Arkansas.
My first stoppin place wuz in Georgia.
Here I found a most friteful state uv anar
ky existin. The niggers were in a state uv
complete inubordinashen. An old friend
uv mine. whose hospitality I lied excepted,
wuz a livin with his house barridaded, in
hourly cxpectashen uv an attack from the
infooriatid demons who wuz tagin without.
I very soon ascertained the sitooashen. Ma
jor Buggies wuz stripped by the war uv all
his possessions in niggers. He wuz be
reaved. He Led 2,000 akers uv land and
nary a band to work it, Bnd wuz consekently
distresst. The unfeeling Burrow officers
insuhinly remarks that the
tbcirselves mite possibly work enuff uv this
land to make a subsistence, but the Major
withered em. He wuz compelled to either
stane bis hands with labor or hire niggers.
He took the other alternative, and hired a
hundred uv em. 1 saw the contrax, and
more eleer documents I never saw. It wuz
stipulated that the niggers shood labor for
six dollars per month, and shood forfeit one
dollar per day for each day's absence, no
matter wat the cause thereof. Ez the nig
gers wuz a stnrvin they aceeeded to these
terms and all win', peaeefly. They got,
eiob uv em, so much corn meal and so inueh
bacon per day, and the prospeck tbey hed
uv get tin $72 each, at the end oftbe season
stimulated em to a tolerable degree uv ae
tiv ty. The crop promist well add the Ma
jor and his family went to Saratogy in the
summer; it wuz harvested and resulted well,
and the family went to NooOrlcensto spend
the winter. On Christmas Day the Major
settled with his hands, and hevin no furth
er yoose for em til! soring, he discharged
cm. The most of em he brot in debt to him
largely, ez tbey hed bin sick doorin the sea
son more or Ie, and six days sickness bal
anced a month's work when well. .Uv
course all hed arawd suthin all thro the
yeer for elothiu. This class he treated gen
"I don't want the money wich yoo owe
me," he remarkt, "I'd skorn to take it.
Yoo may work it out choppin cord wood, or
buildin fences, or any other work yoo chose.
I desire to be easy onto all uv yoo—nay,
more, generous "
Those who hed lost no time, and who had
not drawd their pay in full, by losin time, he
wuz jest ex generous with. He hed spent
ihe heft uv his money at Saratogy and to
git his girls their outfit for Noo Orleans,
and he hedu't a dollar to pay em with.
"But," sed he, "that shoodn't interrupt
our friendly relashuns. After the next crop
I probably shel hev enuff to liquidate these
little bills. At all even *, whether I do or
not, le: us hev peecc. Let us be friends ez
before let everything be pleasant, and love
ly, and serene."
The liiggers, singler ez it may seem, didn't
see it. Known ez tbey did that the Major
hedti t any money, the unrezonabie wretch
es insisted upon his payin uv em. Tbey
swore that they coodo'tlive thro the winter
without supplies, and that money they must
I hevn t got it!' remarkt the major,
smilin onto em.
"fccll your carriages and horses!" yelled
"Hat Mrs. Buggies and the Miss Rug
gles eoodent ride next smsiwr in that
cvant!" remarkt the major.
At this pint the unpluasantnis began.
The infooriated niggers woodent listen to
reason. Ther wuz several bales uv cotton
yet on the place, and a score, more or less,
uv mules and horses. The cotten they seiz
ed, and hiteben up the mules to wagons they
proceeded to load it; with a view uv cartin it
off to the next tnarkit town and sellin it.
The major, his four sons, and perhaps a
dozen or twenty neighbors, who happened
opportunely to be present and armed with
fowlin pieces aDd repitin rifles, determined,
unprepared ez they wuz, to resist, and in
the melee perhaps a dozen or more niggers
wuz shot and fatally killed.
From this growd the trouble that afflicted
this pertikeler neighborhood, and doubtlis
the circumstances are the same everywhere.
The niggers hev no regard for law, and
no desire to keep within due bounds. The
law wuz open to em. Thirteen miles from
Major Ruggleses place resides a Justice of
the Peece, and they cood hev sood the Ma
jor ef he owed em enythlng, pcrvidin 'they
cood git some white man to go their bail for
costs. One batch did this last winter. The
defendant confessin judgment like a man,
execution wuz uv course stayed for nine
mouths, and before that time, the plaintiffs
hev all starved to death, the matter wuz
peecefully disposed uv. Oh, hed Major
Ruggleses niggers done this! But imtid
they attempted to wrench from him the
prcdux uv his soil, by force! I know the
Ablishinists uv the North will assert that
the niggers was justifiable in wat they did,
that ef the soil wuz the Major's the labor
wuz the niggers', but that won't do. Law
is law, and no nigger hez a rite to appeal to
anything el>e. Ef the law don't happen to
perteet em, it's the fault uv the law, not uv
the Major. Them niggers will starve this
winter, or subsist by violatin the sacred in
junction, "thou slialt not steel!" Oh. how
much better wood it hev bin, bed they con
tinyood ez the Ability intended em, the
property uv kiud masters. Sich is the bit
ter froots uv Ablishinism ! Sieh is the re
sult uv AblHhin intermeddlin with the sys
tem onto which the South wuz built. When
niggers wuz worth $1,500 per nigger, they
were neither shot nor turned out to starve.
They representid too much money. But
now —I shel continue these investigashens.
(Wich is Postmaster.)
Dear Joe.—Your letter came by the last
mail, and brought with it menny thoughts
ov that sunny time when yu and I waz boys,
and slid dowu hill together. Yu ask lor mi
advise upon a topick which iz always a dcli
kate one for a third party to mix in with;
but yu are aware that I am not very delikate
and don't hesitare to launch mi opinion, es- i
peshily when invited to do it. I consider j
advise generally wasted, and most sure to j
be when given upon the matter in question, j
but I have a large stock of it on hand, and I
shan't miss what I devote to you.
By awl means, Joe, git married, if yu
hav got a fair show. Don't stand shivver
ing on the bank; but pieh in and stick yure
head under, and the shiver iz awl over.
Thare ain't enny more trick in getting mar
ried, after yu ore reddy, than there iz in
eating peanuts. Menny a man haz stood
shivvering on the shore till the river haz
awl run out. Don't expect to marry an
angel; the angels hav awl been picked up
long ago. Remember,{Joe, yu ain't a saint
yureself Don't marry for buty excloosively
buty iz like ice, awful slippery, and thaws
dreadful eazy. Don't marry for garments;
dry goods are awful deceptious; they are
like the feathers on a blue jay—pick oph
the feathers, and thare ain't nothing left-
Don't tuarry for mutiny; munny may make
yu respectabel, but kan't make yu honnest
nor happy. Dou't marry excloosively for
luv neither; luv iz like a cooking stove, good
for nothing when the fuel gives out, But
marry a inixtur. Let the miktur be, sum
buty, becomingly dressed, with about $225
in Kor p..okct, a s uoJ speller, Umiily aiiJ uc-ai
in the house, plenty ov good sense, a tuff
constitution and by-laws, small feet, and a
light stepper; add tew this, clean teeth and
a warm heart; the Whole to be well shaken
before taken. This mixtur will keep in
enny climate, and not evaporate. It the
cork happens tew be left out for tew or
three minutes, the strength ain't awl gone.
Joe, for heaven's sake! don't marry for
pedigree; thare ainf much in pedigree, un
less it iz backed li bank stock; a family,
with nothing but pedigree, generally lacks
sense; they are like i k'ght with tew much
tail; it they would on y take opb sum ov the
tail, they mite pns jy git up, but they are
always tew illustrious to take off anv tail.
Let me hear from yu again Joe soon.
But mi dear fellow dont be ufrade, wed
lock iz az natral az milk, but in course thare
iz sum difference in milk, about highstin
cream, but there iz one thing that dont vary
and that iz, awl milk tew have the cream
rize good, and keep sweet, must be kept in
a cool place, not be rousted up tew often.
Dont be an olde bachelor; lonesum, and
selfish, crawling out ov yure hole, in the
morning, like a shiny backed beetle, and
then backing into it again, late every night,
suspicious, and suspected.
I would az soon be a stuffed rooster, set
up in a show window, or a tin weather cock
on the ridge pole of a female seminary, az a
lonesum bachelor, jeered at by awl the vir
ginity ov the land.
Jeremiah —Dont confuse learning and
wisdum; thare iz jist az mutch difference be
tween them az thare iz between fruit that ii
raized in a hott house and that which ripens
out doors, smiled upon bi the sun, and
shook up by the wind and the storm.
When the two hitch up together, they
are a bully team.
Wisdum, being natrally tho stoughtest,
takes learning up in its arms, and learning
points out the shortest road tew take; they
work together az handy az a pair ov twin
If a man kanf hav but one, he better bav
the wisduui, for wisdum iz alwus fatt with
good sense, and kan alwus uze its strength;
while learning must hav jist such a spot tew
work in, and jist such away to do it.
Wisdum iz a giant, whose strength makes
him respekted, while learning iz a pigmy,
whose knowledge makes him feared.
But, Jeremiah, thare kan be a good deal
sed fer both ov them.
Wisdum grows stout by thinking, and
learning gits fat by studdy.
IS isdum iz ov the natur of genius, while
learning iz ov the natur ov tallcnt.
But, Jeremiah, these subjects are too full
ov loeiek for von and me tew nhnol with.
We had better spend our loose moments in
fluding out the best way to raise beans, and
the best market tew take them to.
P. S.— I forgot to say that there is four
hundred times as mutch learning in the
world as thare iz wisdum.
And also, a man may hav a grate deal of
learning, and not know mutch, ju3t as he
may hav a grate deal of strength, and not
know the best holts.
Poverty is a gloomy presence in any home,
—even American poverty,—and a boy who
saw the household goods distrained by the
sheriff, and his father in flight from the
debtors' prison, no doubt found the morn
ing of life dark enough; and even when her
time came fortune presented herself to
young Greeley masked and looking at the
best like a very hard-favored virtue. When
his father was about to quit New England,
the printer's apprentice walked over from
the town where he was learning his trade to
that where he was to take leave of bis fami
ly. In words which must go to the hearts
of all those who have known what home
sickness is, and how very closely and tender
ly common endurance and hardship knit
parents and children together, he tells that
some of his kindred urged him to go wiih
the rest, and not return to his place in the
printing-office. "I was sorely tempted to
comply," he says, "hut it would have been
bad faith to do so. A word from my
mother, at the critical moment, might have
overcome my resolution; but she did not
speak it. . . . After the parting was
over, and I well on my way, I was strongly
tempted to return; and my walk back to
Pouhney (twelve miles) was one of the
slowest and saddest of my life.
Nothing could have been very difficult af
ter this, aud there seems to have been no
other momeotof the author's life that asked
so great fortitude and resolution. It was
success; but life is an artful romancer, and
postpones its denouement*. There was a
vast deal to go through before the destined
greatness of the "Tribune" could be accom
plished. How the prentice became a jour
neyman printer in Western New York and
in New York City,—then an editorial neces
sity of the politicians, employed and paid by
them, —then the first independent and cour
ageous journalist we have ever had, —is pret
ty well known to everybody; but everybody
may rea'd it herewith fresh pleasure, in that
light and circumstance which a man can best
give his own life. At every point the ca
reer is an interesting one, and in great part
it includes national history.
Thanks to the peculiar constitution of his
mind, which, while it lacks the qualities ot
originality or genius, is yet boldly tentative,
he has been identified or connected with
every social and political movement which
has promised to benefit or elevate mankind;
and be has something to tell us of them all.
We think certain readers, who have learned
rather from his enemies than from himself
to regard him as a reckless innovator, will
be surprised to find him so conservative as
he is of all that really holds human society
together for good, —marriage, the family,
religion, subordination.— Atlantic Monthly
for February.
At the age of seventy years a name hon
ored and revered on both continents writes—
"l am now writing this with my eyes closed,
by the aid of a machine and even this at
some peril of blindness. My general health
is perfect, and I am able to do as much
work as ever, without fatigue. My only
difficulty is with my eyes, and this is a sen
ous and alarming one." To have good
health and to be capable both as to mind
and to body of doing full work, and yet not
be allowed to do any, and this to have been
the case, more or less, for ten years past,
and to last for all this life to come, as it cer
: tainly will, is a terrible calaruitv; a clear loss
|of twenty years labor to the world. This
j condition was induced by the person getting
; up to study and write at tour o clock winter
and summer for a series of years. A benef
j cent Providence has arranged that the
I glare of light shall come on very gradually
I in the morning and that as gradually shall
it depart into darkness in the evening. The
; painfulness of coming instantly into a bright
light is familiar to all. And yet after the
I eyes have closed in the perfect darkness of
; sleep for seven or eight hours, to be instant
| iy exposed to a bright gas or other artificial
light, for early study is practiced by many;
' and without knowing it very many students
thus prepare themselves for an early impair
1 ment of sight, to say no hing of the bodily
j suffering, of mental chafing and disquietude
i and loss of time and money. There is no
; gain, in the long run by using the eyes to
read or write after suudown or before
| sunrise and breakfast; it may de done with
' a measure of impunity in a few cases; but in
• nine cases out of ten disaster will follow; in
no case is night study an economy of time,
nor is it a necessity as a habitual thing.
Night is the time for rest, and both body
and brain, especially as to students, require
all the sleep the system will take; they ought
never be waked up, nature will infallibly do
that when she has had her fill, and to short
en sleep, is to shorten life; half the time of
daylight is as long as any man ought to
| spend in hard study.— Hall* Journal of
EVERY youDg man should remember that
the world will always -honor industry. The
vulgar and useless idler, whoso energies of
body and mind are rusting for want of oc
cupation, may look on him with scorn—it is
! praise; his contempt is honor.
VOL. 42: JTO. 4-
No great man can be an idler. The world
is teeming with work for us ail, and no one
can do that which God has given another to
do. We seek amusements to pass away the
time, when every hour is ciowded with hu
mau destinies, and we have not one moment
to waste. The seconds of time are the woof
of eternity—a moment misspent, and there
is a flaw in the web.
We must work Not all maybe teapers,
not all gleaners; hut all may do something.
Day after day humanity is stretching out
her hands for help—poor erring souls going
down to ruin, because men, and women,
love fetj more than God. You who lounge
on luxurious couches, who boast of your lily
hands, lell me, what have those hands ever
dooe for others .' The poorest day laborer
who walks the streets, is greater than you
Not all kiues wear royal robes, or sit on
thrones, and he is far more kingly and noble
who earns his bread by tb of 1>;
itian tie wno wraps about Uiui UU
purple and fine linen, and boasts of his mil
We hear so much of 'gentlemen' nowa
days. W hat constitutes a gentleman '! Is
it fine broadcloth, glossy beaver, immaculate
kids, and dainty cane?—or is it a true,!
unselfish heart and soul rich with blessed
deeds ?—Better a royal soul than royal
robes, —better hands that labor has made
brown, than those that idleness has made
white. The crown that earnest toil brings,
is better than a king's coronet, and labor for
others' sakes better than treasures of silver
aud gold.— Rural y etc Yorker.
The printer's dollars—where are they ?
A dollar here, and a dollar there, scattered
ail over the country, miles and miles apart
—how shall they be gathered together ?
The paper maker, the grocer, the pjiller, the
tailor, the shoemaker, and all assistance to
him in carrying on his business, have their
demands, hardly ever so small as a single
dollar. But the mites from here and there
must be diligently gathered and patiently
hoarded, or the wherewith to discharge the
liabilities will never become sufficiently
bulky. W"e imagine the printer will have to
get up and address to his widely-scattered
dollars something like the following:—
"Dollars, halves, quarters, dimes, and all
manner of fractions into which ye ate divi
ded, collect yourselves and come home! Ye
are wanted! Combination of all sorts of
men that help the printer to become pro
prietor, gather such force, and demand, with
-uch good reasons, your appearance at his
counter that nothing short of a sight of you
will appease them. Collect yourselves, foi
valuable as you are in the aggregate single
you will never pay the cost of gathering.
Come in here in single file, that the printer
may form you into a battalion, and send jou
forth again to battle for him, aud vindicate
feeble credit."
Reader, are you sure you havu't a souple
•if the printer's dollars sticking about your
clothes ?
Wheu your husband returns at night let
him find the fire out, his tea and toast cold,
and you reading a novel.
If he tells you his expenses are more than
his income, and proposes to move into a
-mailer house, sit down and cry about it.
Tell him you always lived in a larger bouse
before you were married.
If at the end of a few months he fails in
business don t make the best of his mi-for
tunes, or help him bear his troubles by giv
ing your sympathy, but cry as though your
heart would break.
Hint occasionally before him how much
higher position you held in society before
than since your marriage.
If he has business to call him out iu the
evening, be sure to fret when he returns,
about his being out at night, and about his
disliking to be at home with his family.
Whine every time he comes into the
house about being tied at home. Then if he
proposes to take you and the children out to
ride, tell him you are half tired to death
and don't want to ride-
Follow out these hints faithfully, and in
return you will have as impatient and as
discontented a husband as can be found,
and one who will come home only at eating
and sleeping hours, and you may be tbank
ful to see him then.
The following dialogue between an imur
ance agent and a well-to do Irishman is re
"Fat your making plenty of money: why
don't you insure your life.
"And what is that?"
"Why don't you take cut a policy of in
surance on your lij'e?"
"Because I don't see tbe policy of it,
Shure I must die, policy or no nolicy/
"1 ou don't understand. If you insure
your life now, when you die the company
will pay your wife enough to keep her and
your children from want and suffering,"
"And that would be insuring my life, j
Shure I am after thinking it would be insur j
ing Bridget's and the childer s. And how
njDch would they give her?"
"That would depend upon the premium. !
Say a thousand dollars.'
"A thousand dollars? Holy mother!.
Whist, man! Don't miution it. Ye don't ]
know Bridget O'Reilly. Wunst she heard
of it, not a wink of shtape should I get till :
I done it, and thin bad lock to Pat! She d
murder me wiih kindnc--; and dhriuk her- ;
self to death with the money."
Dn. SriCER says: There is no fact more
clearly established in the physiology of man
than this, that the brain expends its en- j
ergicS and itself during the hours ot wake
fulness, and that these arc recuperated du- i
! ring sleep; if the recuperation docs not j
equal the expenditure, the braiu withers; i
this is insanity. The practical inferences :
are these: 1 TTiosc who think most, who do |
most train work, require most sleep. 2. j
' That time saved from necessary sleep is in- I
i fallibly destructive to mind, body and estate, j
3. Give yourself, your children, your ser
; vants—give all that are under you the fullest
amount of sleep they will take, by com
i polling them to go to bed at some regular
j early hour, and to rise in the morning the
moment they awake.
THE tale bearer and the tale-hearer should
; be hanged up both together—tho former by
] the tongue, the latter by tho ear.
All sdvertiteoiento for Icm then 0 moaft* 10
cenU per line far each insertion. Special aatieea
one-half additional. All reaolutiona of Auocia
tiona. communication! of a limited or indiridal
interest and notice* of marriages and deaths, ex
ceeding fire lines, 10.eta. per line. All legal noti
ces of every kind, and ail Orphans' Court and
other Judicial sales, are required by law to be pub
lished in both papers. Editorial Notices 14 cents
per line. All Advertising due after-first insertion.
A libera] discount made to yearly advertisers.
S inonts. 6 months, 1 year
One square 0 4.50 0 o.Ou 010.09
Two squares 0.00 9.00 18.08
Three square 8.00 12.00 20.00
One-fourth column 14.00 20.00 34.00
Half column 18.00 25.00 44 00
One column 30.00 44.00 80.00
On a certain occasion, at a certain dra
matic temple, a farce was in coarse of rep
resentation. and had just reached the ficene
where the lover enters seeking, almost dis
tracted, his lady-love, who had just conceal
ed herself a moment before (io full view of
the audience), in the "garden," behind
some canvass representation of bushes.
"Where, oh Heaven ! where has my
Julia fit-d ?" exclaimed the actor, in des
pairing accents, looking around everywhere
but iu the right place
A specimen ot the genus Yankee, in the
pit, who had hitherto been all attention,
now exhibited symptoms of impatience, and
as the actor repeated his impassioned in
quiry, he was answered by our excited Yan
kee with—
" Right behind you, you dinted fool! in
the later patch 1"
The effect of this can better be imagined
than described—the applause was tremend
IF we are cheerful and contented, all na
ture smiles with us; the air seems more
balmy, the sky more clear, the ground has a
brighter green, the trees have a richer foli
age, the flowers a more fragrant smell, the
birds sing more sweetly; and the sun, moon
and stars all appear more beautiful. We
take our food with relish, and whatever it
may be, it pleases us. We feel better for
it—stronger and livelier, and fit for exer
tion. Now what happens to us if we are
ill-tempered and discontented? Why, there
is not anything which can please us. We
quarrel with our food, with our dress, with
our amusements, with our companions, and
with ourselves. Nothing comes right for
us; the weaiher is either too hot or too cold,
too dry or too damp. Neither sun, nor
moon, nor stars have any beauty; the fields
are barren, the flowers lustreless, and the
birds silent. We more about like some evil
spirit, neither loving nor beloved by any
THERE are some people always looking
out for slights. They cannot pay a visit,
thev cannot receive a friend, they cannot
carry on the daily intercourse of the family,
without suspecting that some offence is
designed. They are as touchy as hair-trig
gers. If they meet an acquaintance in
the street who happens to be pre occupied
with business, they attribute his abstraction
to some motive personal to themselves, and
take umbrage accordingly. They lay on
others the fault of their OWD irritability. A
fit of indigestion makes them see imperti
nence in everybody they come in contact
with. Innocent persons, who never dream
ed of giving offence, are astonished to find
some unfortunate word or some momentary
taciturnity mistaken lor an insult.
CONUNDRUMS. —What class of city people
raise the most flour? Ans.—The Bakers.
When are the most affectionate times?
; —Ans.—When everything is as dear as it
i can be.
What is the first thing wc swallow and
! the last we give up? Ans. —Breath.
Does the brow of a hill ever become wrink
led ? Ans.—We have often seen it furrow
What State is high in the middle and
round at both ends? O hi-o.
Why is a hen seated on a fence like a cent?
Because the bead is on one side and the tail
on the other.
How to please a lady—Let her do as she
Said tipsy John to his railing wife
As staggering borne at night,
O'ercotne by the might of beer and gin
He came in a wofu! plight:
"Don't be so hard in your charges, love,
I'm a little to blame 'tis true,
But give the devil bis due, my love,
0, give the devil his due.
His help mate gazed on his wavering form,
As vainly he essayed
To retain his seat in a treacherous chair,
And readiiy answer made:
"To give the devil his due, my love,
Is perfectly right, 'tis true;
But what would become of you, my lore,
Q, wfat would become of you?"
. UNSELFISHNESS and largeness of heart
are a posses-ion in themselves. Even in a
hard, utilitarian age, when the goal of life
is a tortuiie before one is thirty, and char
acter is reckeoed a good thing if it can be
thrown in, but money must be made wheth
er or no, it may not be absurd to pies' l
unselfishness. Better Don charg
ing at she; p and cutting --acts uf wine, in
the name of chivsty, than the name of
greediness w>"'ch knows nothing better in
living than to raise on the surface of the
great world a miserable little ant-hill of per
sonal possession.
SAID Lord Russell to Mi Hume at a so
cial dinner.
' What do you consider the object of
: legislation ?'*
■ "The greatest good to the greatest num
ber," responded Mr. Hume.
"What do you call the greatest number?"
continued his lordship.
" Vumber one , my lord," was the com
moner's prompt reply.
A SCOTCH womao, who had been listen
ing to a learned but prosy sermon, was in
•lu'sing in very audible expre-sions of admi
ration as she te'ir dfiotn the parish church.
A disappointed h-arer asked hrr quietly if
; -he understood the sermon. '•Understood
j it!" she exclaimed; "how could you thitik a
• poor woman like me should understand so
grand a discourse ?"
; "Many a man, for love of self,
To (toff his coffers, starves himself;
Labors, accumulates, and spares,
To lay up ruin for his heirs;
Grudges the poor their scanty dole;
Saveß everything— except his tool 1"
LORP BACON beautifully said: "If a
j man be gracious to strangers, it shows that
he is a citizen of the world, and that his
> heart is no island cut off from other lands,
I but a continent that joins them.',
A RURAL lady, observing the operation
: of a steam five engine, ventured to inquire:
"What is the object of boiling the water
' before squirting it on the fire ?
I ADVICE is like snow; the softer it falls the
longer it dwells upon, and the deeper it sinks
j into tho wind.

xml | txt