Newspaper Page Text
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
All advertisements for less than 3 months 10 cents per line for each insertion. Speeia 1 notices one-half additional. All resolutions of Associa tions, communications of a limited or indiridal interest and notices of marriages and deaths, ex ceeding fire lines, 10 cts. per line. All legal noti ces of every kind, and all Orphans' Court and other Judicial sales, are required by law to be pub lished in both papers, Editorial Notions 15 cents per line. All Advertising dae after first insertion. A liberal discount made to yearly advertisers. 3 moots. 0 months, 1 year One square $ 4.50 $ 6.00 SIO.OO Twe squares : - 6.00 0.00 16.00 Three squares 8.00 12.00 20.00 One-fourth oolumn - 14.00 20.00 35.00 Half column 18.00 25.00 45.00 Onecoinmn.. 30.00 45.00 80.00 NawsrarttH Laws.—We would call the special attention of Post Masters and subscribers to the I.vqcißxn to the following synopsis of the News paper laws: 1. A Postmaster is required to give notice by tetter, (returning a paper does not answer the law) when a subscriber does not take his paper out of the office, and state the reasons lor its not living taken; and a neglect to do so makes the I ostnias ter rtpeomrible to the publishers for the payment. 2. Any person who takes a paper from the Post office, whether directed to his name or another, or whether he has subscribed or not is responsible for the pay. 3. If a person orders his paper discontinued, he must pay all arrearages, or the publisher may continue to send it until payment is made, aud ollect the whole amount, whether it be taken from the office or not. There can be no legal discontin uance until the payment is made. 4. If the subscriber orders his paper to be stopped at a certain time, and the publisher con • tinuesto send, the subscriber is bound to pay for it, if he takee it out of the Poet Office. The law proceeds upon the ground that a man must pay for what.be uses. 5. The courts have decided that refusing to take newspapers and periodicals from the Post office, or removing and having them uncalled for, is prima facia evidence of intentional fraud. fcrofrssioaat & Cards. ATTORNEYS AT LAW. JTIMMILL AND LINGENFELTEK, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, inrtas, ra. Have formed a partnership in the practice of the Law, in new brick building near the Lutheran Church. [April 1, 1869-tf JYJ-. A. POINTS, ATTORNEY AT LAW, BEDFORD, Pa. Respectfully tenders his professional services to the public. Office with J. W. Lingeafelter, Esq., on Public Square near Lutheran Church. promptly made. [April,l '69-tf. ESPY M. ALSIP, ATTORNEY AT LAW, BsDroRD, Pa., Will faithfnlly and promptly attend to all busi ness entrusted to his care in Bedford and adjoin ing counties. Military claims, Pensions, back pay. Bounty, Ac. speedily collected. Office with Mann A.Spang, on Juliana street, 2 doors south of the Mengel House. apll, 1869. —tf. JR. DURBORROW, ATTORNEY AT LAW, BEDFORD, Pa., Will attend promptly to all business intrusted to his care. Collections made on the shortest no tice. He M, also, a regularly licensed Claim Agent and wll give special attention to the prosecution , '.liu against the Government for Pensions, Back ray, Bounty, Bounty Lands, Ac. Office on Juliana street, one door South of the Inquirer office, and nearly opposite the'Mengel House" April 1, 1869:tf . L. ncSSHLL J. H. LOSGEXEi KKR RUSSELL A LONGENECKER, ATTOR**VS A COUNSELLORS aT Law, Bedford, Pa., Will attend promptly and faithfully to all busi ness entrusted to their care. Special attention given to collections and the prosecution of claims for Back Pay, Bounty, Pensions, Ac. Office on Juliana street, south of the Court House. Apri 1;69:1yr. J' M'D. SHARPS E. r. KERR SHARPS A KERR, A T TORRE YS-A J-LA HI Will practice in the Courts of Bedford and ad joining counties. All business entrusted to their care will receive careful and prompt attention. Pensions, Bounty, Back Pay, Ac., speedily col lected from the Government. Office on Juliana street, opposite the banking bouse of deed A Schell. Bedford, Pa. Apr 1,69:tf W c. SCHAFFELL ATTORNEY AT LAW, BEDFORD, PA., Office with J. W. Dickerson Esq.. 25aprly PHYSICIANS. OR. B. F. HARRY, Respectfully lenders his professional ser vices to the citiiens of Bedford and vicinity. Office an 1 residence on Pitt Street, in the building formerly occupied by Dr. J. 11. Hofios. [Ap'l 1,69. MISCELLANEOUS. OE. SHANNON, BANKER, • BEDFORD, Pa. BANK OF DISCOUNT AND DEPOSIT. Collections made for the East, West, North and South, and the general business of Exchange transacted. Notes and Accounts- Collected and Remittances promptlymade. REAL ESTATE bought and sold. April 1:69 DANIEL BORDER, PITT STREET, TWO DOORS WIST OF THI BED FORD HOTEL, BBSFORD, PA. WATCHMAKER AND DEALER IN JEWEL RY. SPECTACLES. AC. He keeps on hand a stock of fine Gold and Sil ver Watches, Spectacles of Brilliant Doable Refin ed Glasses, also Scotch Pebble Glasses. Gold Watch Chains, Breast Pins, Finger Rings, beet quality of Gold Pens. He will supply to order any thing in his line not on hand. [apr.2B,'6s. DW. CROUSE, • DEALER IN CIGARS, TOBACCO, PIPES, AC. ; On Pitt street one door cast of Geo. R. Oster j A Co.'s Store, Bedford, Pa., is now prepared I to sell by whulesaie all kinds of CIGARS. All j orders promptly filled. Persons desiring anything in his line will do well to give him a call. Bedford April 1. '69., P N. HICKOK. v , ~ DENTIST. Office at the old stand in BAXX BUILDING, Juliana et., BED. All operations pertaining to Surgical and Mechanical Dentistry performed with care and WARRANTED. Ancrethetice adminittsred, tchen deeired. Ar tificial teeth ineerted at, per eel, $8.0(1 and up ward. As I am detaimined to do a CASH BUSINESS or none, I have reduced the prices for Artificial Teeth of the various kinds, 2rt per cent., trd of Gold Fillings S3 per cent. This reduction will be made only to strictly Cash Patients, and all such will receive prompt attention. "febfiS WASHINGTON HOTEL. This large and commodious house, having been re. taken by the subscriber, is now open for the re ception of visitors and boarders. The rooms ore large, well ventilated, and comfortably furnished. The table will always be supplied with the best the a arket can afford. The Bar is stocked with the choicest liquors. In short, it is mv purpose to keep a FIRST-CLASS HOTEL. Thanking the public for past favors, I respectfully solicit a renewal of then patronage. N. B. Hacks will run constantly between the Hotel and the Springs. mayl7,'69:ly WM. DIBERT, Prop'r. I EXCHANGE HOTEL, J HUNTINGDON, PA. This old establishment having been leased by J. MORRISON, formerly proprietor of the Mor- j rison House, has been entirely renovated and re- I furnished and supplied with all the modern im- i provements and conveniences necessary to a first class Hotel. The dining room bis been removed to the first floor and is now spacious and airy, and the cham fers are all well ventilated, and the proprietor will endeavor to make bis guests perfectly at home. Address, J. MORRISON, , EXCHASG* HOTEL, 31julytf Huntingdon, Pa. MAGAZINES. —The following Magazines (or sale at the Inquirer Book Store: ATLAN TIC MONTHLY, PUTNAM'S MONTHLY LIPPINCOTT'B, GALAXY, PETERSON, GO £?J> MlfM. DEMORESTS, FRANK LESLIE RIVERSIDE, etc. etc. ft JOHN LUTZ, Editor and Proprietor. FNQTTIM COLUMN, rpO ADVERTISERS: THE BEDFORD INQUIRER. PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MORNING, nr JOHN LUTZ, OFFICE OX JULIANA STREET, BEDFORD, PA. THE BEST ADVERTISING MEDIUM IN SOUTH- WES TERN FENNS TL TANIA. CIRCULATION OVER 1500. HOME AND FOREIGN ADVERTISE MENTS INSERTED ON REA SONABLE TERMS. A FIRST CLASS NEWSPAPER. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION: $2,00 PEIi ANNUM, IN ADVANCE. JOB PRINTING: ALL KINDS OF JOB WORK DONE WITH NEATNESS AND DISPATCH, AND IN THE LATEST A MOST APPROVED STYLE, SUCH AS POSTERS OF ANY SIZE, CIRCULARS, BUSINESS CARDS, WEDDING AND VISITING CARDS, BALL TICKETS, PROGRAMMES, CONCERT TICKETS, ORDER BOOKS, SEGAR LABELS, RECEIPTS, LEGAL BLANKS, PHOTOGRAPIIER'B CARDS, BILL DEADS, LETTER HEADS, PAMPHLETS, PAPER BOOKS, ETC. ETC. ETC. ETC. ETC Our facilities for doing ill kinds of Job Printing are equalled by rery few establishments in tb* eountry. Orders by mail promptly filled. All letters should be addressed to JOHH LCTZ. H ILocal anti (Srnrval flriuspaprv, Dcbotrti to *>olitirs, ggfrucation, literature antr ittorals. §£*RTRG. THE LONG STORY. I DY WILLIAM SAWYSH. The shadows of the little wood Closed round us iu the burning noon, The lucent shadows of the leaves, Yet tender with the green of June. And there, while in a happy dream, We wandered inward from the sun, Winding and turning at our will, The famous story was begun. A story prodigal of love, Of youth, and bsauty born of youth ; Of sorrow tempered by romance, And trial glorified by truth. Long, long ago, i". all had chanced— Or was it haply passing then ? It might be true of any time Since women were beloved of men. I listened, yet I did not heed ; A rippling voice was all I h<yfrd. That, softly cadenced. had for me The music of a singing bird. The tale went on, the voice I heard, Yet all that I recall is this— That earnest face, those dreamy eyes, The little mouth 100 sweet to kiss. The tale went on, with many a pause, With frequent onthurst of delight, As creaks and openings of the wood Its hidden beauties gave to sight. A pheasant gleamed across our path, A squirrel shot a sudden turn, And now the cuckoo sang, and now We waded coolest breadths of fern. The little wood was long to cross ; Its winding paths were hard to find : And hours had fled ere we emerged, And left its pleasant gloom behind. And then beside the rustic fence, Whence spread the meadows many a mile, Vt e lingered idly hand in hand And p'raps the tale went on the while. The evening shadows lengthened out; The heavy rooks winged home to rest; The little wood was fringed with light Against the fiercely flaming west. The sun set in a flepcy haze, Through bars of crimson and of gold, The sky grew cool, the stars came out, And yet the story was not told. WORLDLY RISE. BY ALICE CAI'.Y. It was the boatman Ronsalee, And he sailed through the mists so white; And two little ladies sat at his knee, With their two little beads so bright: And so they sailed—and sailed—all three — On the golden coast o' the night. Young Ronsalee had a handsome face, And his great beard made hiui brown; And the two little ladies in girlish grace They kept their eyelids down, — The one in her silken veil of lace, And the one in her woolscy gown. For one little lady lived in the wood, Like a flower that hides from the day; Her name was Jenny—they called her the good. And the Dame c' the other was May: And her palace windows looked on the flood, Where they softly sailed away. Long time the balance even stood With our Ronsalee that day: But what was a little house in the wood To a palace grand and.gray ? So he gave his heart to Jenny, the good, And his hand he gave to May. —Atlantic Monthly. PisttHmuoii.si, WHY I WANT THE HOYS TO LEARN FARMING. Every pursuit or calling that ministers to the su-tenanoe, comfort, or enlightenment of mankind is honorable and laudable. That is a narrow aud essentially false conception which regards the farmer as more a bene factor than a beneficiary, and stigmatizes as drones and cormorants all who do cot directly contribute to the production and in crease of material wealth. The upright, able lawyer, the studious, skilful physician, the pious, loving clergyman, are working men as truly and quite as nobly as though they were woodchoppers or bricklayers. He who by whatever means helps to diminish the fearful aggregate of ignorance, -in and suffering in the world, and diffuses instead knowledge, virtue and happiness, is worthy of all honor, and far from me be the wish to discourage and degrade him. And yet ihold it to be the duty of every father to look well to the physical and industrial train ing of his sons and daughters— lo see that each of them is early inured to sonSe form of manual labor, and thoroughly (rained to efficiency in some pursuit which ministers directly to the material or physical needs of mankind. My reasons for this conviction are summed up as follows: 1. The demand for intellectual labor or its products, and even for mercantile capacity, is exceedingly capricious. In a season of commercial prosperity a great city affords employment to thousands as clerks, book keepers, teachers of mu-ic, languages, Ac., who will nearly all be left high and dry by the ebb of the tide. War, pestilence, a bad harvest, a business revulsion throws them suddenly out of employment, and no merit or excellence on their part can avert the catastrophe. I would have one so armed and equipped for the battle of life that, if suddenly unhorsed, he can fight on efficiently and uudismayedly on foot. 2. The professions are fearfully over crowded. A Western village is half peopled by doctors, lawyers and clergymen who have rushed in ahead of the expected flood of im migration. Like miners in the Sierra Ne vada or Rocky Mountains they have sev erally staked out their claims, and are wai ting for others to come in and help develop and work them to mutual profit. But "while the grass grows the steed starves." Whatever may be their fortune ten or twenty years hence—and events are constanly interposing to blast their sanguine hopes— doctor, lawyer, and minister, are often win ning but a meagre, precarious support for the present. "I cauoot dig; to beg I am ashamed, is the eomplaiut which many would utter if they could afford to be frank and outspoken. Thousands suffer and stag ger on, oppressed by want and ever increas ing debt, who would gladly take refuge in productive industry, if they had been train- BEDFORD, PA., FRIDAY. APRIL, 30- 1869. Ed to familiarity with pitchforks and plough handles. They would out grow their pre ent embarrassments if it wure not for the new doctors, lawyers, and clergymen an nually gtound out to compete with them for practice or parishes, and whose training is as helplessly one-sided as their own. 1 would qualify the professional men wlio shall henceforth be trained for a broader and mure a.-sured usefulness than that of their cider brethern. 3. New York city .-warms with hungry, needy, shivering, cowering, cringing, fellow mortals, all in eager, imploring, hopeless quest of "something to do." To the re proacli of what passes for education, I must say that a majority of these have had con siderable money spent in schooling tbcm for lives of usefulness. They are qualified, 1 presume, to keep books or copy manuscripts or teach languages, or act as governesses, or follow some other of the frightfully over stocked vocations. Hut when I say to one of them, "The work you seek is positively II it to be had, since ten wan', to do it where one wauls it done; you must stride off into the broad, free country, and a-k farmer after farmer to give you wurk till you find it," the g neral ro-pouse, "1 know nothing of farming," strikes on nry ear like a knell. Even at seasons when the farmers were in ttu-ely hurried by the summer harvest, and ready to pay largely for any help that was uot hindrance, 1 have kuowu our city to be thronged with Weary, sad petitioners for "couieibiug to do." If our current educa tion were not a plunder or a fiaud, this could not be. I live when I can in the country, though most of my sleeping and nearly all my wa king hours are given to work which calls me to the city. My neighbors are mainly far niers, generally in fair circumstances, whose children are fairly educated, or may be if they will. I regret to -ay a majority of them prefer not to follow their fathers' vocation, but want to live by trade, or office, or something else than farming. And the rea son, to my mind, is clear: their educaticn and their whole intellectual culture lead away from the farm. Their school books contain nothing calculated to make them love agriculture or qualify them to excel in it; their fireside reading is not of chemistry, geology, and the related sciences, but of knights and fairies, troubadours and tourna ment-; in short, all things calculated to make them detest farming as a coarse, plodding, hum.drum pursuit, fit only lor inveterate dunces and illiterate boors. 1 protest against this as false, misleading, pernicious, and dimand an education and a literature which shall vrin our farmers' sons to prize and honor the calling of their fathers. A poliiical economist has observed that labor, unless used at the moment of produc tion, is lost forever, In most vocations it is impossible to produce beyond the day's needs. The doctor can enly cure diseases as they manifest themselves; the best lawyer cannot anticipate next year's legal business; the carpenter and mason cannot build houses except as they are wanted. The fanner, on the contrary, may grow com or cattle, flax wool, or cotton in excess of the current demand, and store it against the time of need. Better still he may drain, and sub soil, and fertilize; may plant trees, and graft, and prune, so as to double liis product in the future by a judicious expenditure of effort in the present. If a hundred thou sand additional lawyers and doctors were let loose upon the community, Ido not feel sure that the next result would be more jus tice or less di-easc and death, while lam quite sure that the national wealth would not bo increased thereby; but a hundred thousand enlightened, efficient farmers, added to those we already have, could hardly fail to add one hundred millions per annum to the property which shall be the heritage of our children. My Countrymen, let us each do his best to increase the proportion of useful wor kers to pestilent idleis in ibe community. Nay, more; let us try to increase the pro portion of producers to exchangers or dis tributors ot wealth. Fences, and padlocks, and policemen, and revenue officers may be necessities of our present condition—l presume them to be so; but we might have ourcountry so well fenced, and padlocked, and policed, that we should all starve to deaih. There is no shadow of danger that too few will seek to live by law, physic, trade. Ac., while there is great danger that trade and the professions will be over crowded, to the negleet and detriment of productive industry. Let us face the foe that menaces our position, and defeat him if we can.— Horace Greeley, in Ilearth and Home. THE VALLEY OF THE MISSISSIPPI.— The Mississippi is the King of Rivers. Taking rise almost on the northern limit of the temperate zone, it pursues its majestic course nearly due south to the verge of the tropic, with its tributaries washing the Alleghanies on the one hand and the Rocky Mountains on the other, throughout the entire length of tho<-e great tnountaiu chains. The Ama zon, or La Plata, may possibly bear to the sea an equal volume of waters; the Kile flows through more uniformly genial cli mates, and ripples over grander and more ancient relies of the infancy of mankind ; the Ranges, or the Hoang ho may he intimately blended with the joys and griefs, the fears and hopes, of more millions of human be ings; while the Euphrates, the Danube, or the Rhine, is far richer in historic associa tions and bloody, yet glorious, memories ; hut the Mississippi still justifies its proud appellation of ' The Father of Waters." Its valley includes more than one million square miles of the richest soil on earth, and is capable of sustaining in plenty half the population of the globe; its head springs are frozen half the year, while cane ripens and frost is rarely seen at its mouth ; and a larger and richer area of its surface is well adapted at once to Indiao corn, to wheat, and to grass—to the apple, the peach, and the grape—than of any other commensurate region of earth. Its immense praries are gigantic natural gardens, which need but the plow to adapt them to the growth of the most exacting and exhausting plants. It is the congenial and loved home of the choic est animals ; I judge that more game is now roving at will over its immeasurable wilds and pastures than is found on an equal area in all the world besides. It is the geographic heart of North America, and probably con tains fully half the arable land in the New World north of the Isthmus of Darien. — HORACE GREELEY, in Harper s Magazine. KNOWLEDGE, even of Gospel truth, is emptiness, unless love, practically exercised toward God and man, accompany it. TARIFF LEGISLATION or THE UNITED STATES. PROTECTION DURING WAR. Bomewhat more than fifty years since, the second war with Great Britain came to a close, leaving our people well provided with furnaces and mills, all of which were active ly engaged in making demand for labor and lor raw materials of every kind. Money was then abundant, and the public debt was trivial in amount. Commercial con-inter course, by developing our domestic indus try, had helped the nation forward upon the pathway of prosperity and independence. DESTRUCTION DURING PEACE. Two years later we eutered upon the British free-trade system, and at once all was changed. Mills and furnaces were closed ; labor ceased to be in demand and our poor-houses were everywhere filled. Money becoming scarce and interest high, land declined to a thiid of its previous price. Banks stopped payment. The sheriff every where found full demand for all his time, mortgages entered everywhere into posses sion. The rich were made richer, but the farmer and mechanic, and all but the very rich, were ruined. Trivial as were then the expenses of the Government, the treasury could not meet them. Such was the state of things that induced General Jackson to ask the question, "Where has the Ameri can farmer a market for his surplus pro' duce ?" FIRST PROTECTIVE TARIFF, 1828. To the state of things here described were we, in 1828, indebted for the first thorough ly national tariff. Almost from the mo ment of its passage, activity and life took the place of the palsy that previously ex isted. Furnaces and mills were built; labor came to demand; immigration increased, and so large became the demand for the products of the farm that our markets scarcely felt the effect of changes in that of England ; the public revenues so rapidly iu creased that it became necessary to exempt from duty tea, coffee, and many other ar ticles ; and the public debt was finally ex tinguished. History presents no case of prosperity so universal as that which here existed at the date of the repeal of the great national tariff of 1828. Had it been maintained in existence we should have had no secession war, and at this hour the South would exhibit a slate of society in which the land owners had become rich while their slaves had been gradually becoming free, with profit to themselves.lto their owners, and to the nation at large. COMPROMISE TARIFF OF 1833 The beneficent and truly national tariff of 1828, which had wrought such wonders, was repealed by the Compromise Tariff of 1833, by which it was provided that all du tics on foreign merchandize should be re duced biennially, until, in 1843, there should be a perfectly horizontal tariff of twenty per cent. The repeal was followed by a succession ofßriti.-h free-trade crises, the whole ending in 1842 iu a state of thingsdirectly the reverse of that above described. Mills and fur naces were closed ; mechanics were starving; money was scarce and dear; land had fallen to half its previous prices; the sheriff was evert where at work ; banks were in a state of suspension ; States repudiated j ayment of their debts ; the treasury was unable to borrow a dollar, except at a high rate of in terest ; and bankruptcy among merchants and traders was so universal that Congress found itself compelled to pass a bankrupt law. RETURN.TO PROTECTION, 1842. Again, and forjthe third time, protection was restored by the passage of the Tariff Act of 1842. Under if, in less than live years, the production of iron rose from two hundred and twenty thousand tons to eight hundred thousand tons; and so universal was the prosperity that large as was the in crcasc, it was wholly insufficient to meet the great demand. Mines were everywhere be ing sunk# Labor was in great demand, and wages were high, as a consequence ot which immigration speedily trebled in its amount. Money was abundant and cheap, and the sheriff found but little to do. Public aud private revenues were beyond all previous precedents, and throughout the land there reigned a prosperity inoic universal than had ever before jbeen known, save during the similar period produced by the protec tive tariff of 1828. FRSE TRADE AGAIN, 1840. Once more, in 1846, however, did the serpent —properly represented on this oc easion by British free traders —make bis way into Paradise, and now a dozen years elapsed, in the course of which, notwitli standing the discovery of California mines, money commanded a rate of interest higher than had ever been known in the country for so long a perion of time. British iron and cloth came in and gold went out, and with each successive day the dependence ot our farmers on foreign markets became more complete. With 1857 came the culmination of the system, merchants and mannfactuers being ruined; banks being compelled to suspend payment; and the treasury being reduced to a coudition of bankruptcy, nearly approaching that which had existed at the close of the free-trade periods, commencing in 1818 and 1834. In the three years that followed, labor was everywhere in excess; wages were low ; immigration fell Glow the point at which it had stood twenty years he fore ; the home market for hod diminished, and the foreign one proved so utterly worth less that the whole export to ail the manu facturing nations of Europe amounted to but little more than $10,000,000. THE MILLIONAIRE ARTIST. A Paris paper has the following very pretty story: M. Robert, an immensely wealthy and highly accomplished gentleman, well known not only for his valuable collections of paintings and mediaeval relies, but for his rare skill as a designer and painter, hearing that one of his tenants, M. Villars, whom he had never seen, kept one of the most ex tensive establishments of fancy boxes and ornamental objects in France, called on him with a view to make his acquaintance. Entering the counting-house, he found a good-natured, eccentric gentleman of mid dle age, who greeted him, and exclaimed : —'* I suppose that you also have seen my advertisement, and have come to apply for that situation as designer?" For a joke, M. Robert replied that he had. M. Villars supplied him with paints and brushes, and requested him to produce a design for a casket. M. Robert soon found that what Mr. Villars really wanted was an artist who would strictly carry out his own ideas, and that these were pure, and formed on an extensive knowledge of ait. In a short time, he produced a sketch which suited the employer to a nicety. M. Robert very gravely engaged himself, exacted good wages, aud insisted ou having several new articles of furniture placed in the room which was assigned to him. Ilut when he was introduced to the woik-rooms, and found one hundred and fifty girls, many of them young and beautiful, hu.-ily em ployed, and was informed that he would be required to supply them with designs, and show the young women how they were to be carried out, the young artist began to feel as if he should have to be carried out himself—being very susceptible. "\Yorking for a filing,' said he to him self, "is not entirely devoid of attractions. Let us work." M. Robert being an accomplished artist, delighted his employer, and he soon found a remarkable fascination in seeing bis de signs realised in steel, silver, enamel, or wood. He took a pleasure, hitherto un known, in seeing his works in shop-win dows, and finding them in the abodes of his friends. The work-shop life wa, of course, carefully concealed from "society;" nor did his employer suspect that bis artist was actually his landlord. But M. Hubert soon found a more intense object of fascination in the daughter of M. Yillars, a young lady who also took part iu the duties of the factory. The damsel was as remarkable for heraccomplishmeiitsasforbcr extraordinary beauty; and M. Robert soon found that as regarded taste and culture in all matters which specially interested him, he had never met with any one like her. Step by step, the pair fell in love; and little by lit tle the artist so ingratiated himself with the father, that the latter, after due deliberation, consented to their union. Previous to the marriage, the old gentle man one day spoke of a dowry. "I shall give Marie fifty thou-and francs," he said, with a little of boa-ting, the sum named being two thousand pounds. "And I suppose," added M. Robert, gravely, "that I, too, must settle something on my wife. Well, I will." This caused a peal of laughter, which re doubled when the artist added, "And I will settle this piece of property, house and all, with the buildings adjoining, on her.' But what was their amazement, when M. Robert drew forth the title deeds, and said, "\ou seem to forget that 1 am your land lord ? Isn't my name Robert ?'' The young lady did not faint, but papa nearly died of astonishment and joy. This was a magnificent wedding, but the bride groom has not given up business. He de clares that there is as much amusement in being useful as in amusing oue's self. SUFFRAGE IN PENNSYLVANIA. In 1682 William Penn promulgated the Frame of Government of Pennsylvania, uu j der authority of the charter granted liim by King Charles 11. In this document the right of suffrage was given, without re striction to the freemen of said province. In 1701 Penn granted what is known as the Charter of Privileges. By this in -(rument the right of suffrage was broadly given to the freemen of each respective county. The first constitution of Pennsylvania was adopted in 1776. The convention that framed this instrument was presided over by Benjamin Franklin. It gave the right of suffrage to every freeman of the full age of twenty-one years. The men of the Revolution, while asserting their own rights and liberties against proscription, were careful to stand fast by the cardinal idea of the political equality of all men. In 1790 a new Constitution was framed. Thomas Mifflin presided over the convention that-made it. This instrument gave the right to vote to cccry freeman over the age of twenty-one years. In 1839 the Constitution was revised. John Sargeant presided over the convention. The basis of suffrage was changed so as to include only every white freeman of the age of twenty-one years. For one hundred and fifty-six year*, black men, if black they were, voted in Pennsylva nia, on precisely the same condition as white men. None of the evils now predicted of black suffrage were experienced. Neither the mental or social equality of the two races was thereby established. Amalgamation, either through matrimony or without, was not encouraged. Not a black man was made Governor cr Legislator. Social order was not subverted. The Government was not made by white men, for white men, but by all men, for the benefit of all. It may be remarked, in order to the bet ter understanding of the whole matter, that in IS3S a case wa- brought before the courts of this Commonwealth to test the point whether a native-born black man, not a slave, was a freeman, according to the true intent and meaning of the Constitution of 1790. The design was, by a judicisl de cision, to deprive the blacks of the right of j suffrage, which thev had enjoyed from 1682. All ibe points were learnedly and ingeniously argued; aud at length the Supreme Court, Chief Justice Gibson pronouncing the opinion, in conformity to the pro-slavery fanaticism and blindness which then pre vailed, solemnly decided that a black man could by no possibility be regarded as a freeman, within the meaning of the Con stitution. The Convention that framed the existing Constitution was in session when this judgment was rendered, and it made haste, under the leadership of Mr. Geo. W. Woodward and other members of kindred sentiments, to insert the word white, as qualifying freemen, in the draft of the or ganic law which they framed. No EXERCISE EQUAL TO LAUGHTER.— Nothing acts so directly upon the organs within both chest and abdomen. The hearty laughs, real shouts, will do more to advance the general health and vitality than an hour spent in the best attitudes and mo tions, if done in a sober, solemn spirit. Of course, I know you can't laugh at will; so you must play with the dog, play with your children, introduce a hundred games which involve competition and fun. Open the folding-doors, move back the center-table, and go it. I'lay with the hags, run for the pins, play any of the games which you can recall from your early experience. Ax ill naturcd woman at Saratoga says that "some women dress to please each oth er ; some to please men, but the most dressy women don't dress to please anybody; they dress to worry women." VOIa. 42: NO. 17 THICKS OF A JUGGLER. Heller the far-famed juggler, cannot be satisfied with his legitimate triumphs before an audience, but occasionally does a neat thing for his own amusement, very much to the surprise of those who happened to be present. On Saturday last, while passing an itiner ant vender of cheap provisions, Mr. Heller suddenly paused and inquired! "How do you sell eggs, auntie ?" Dem eggs, ' was the re-ponse, "dey am a picayune apiece—fresh, too, de last one uv em; biled em myself, and. know de.v's fust rate. "Well, I'll try em," said the magician, laying down a bit of fractional currency.— Have you pepper and salt ?" "Yes, sir; dare/ley is," said the table saleswoman watching her customer with in tense interest. Leisurely drawiug out a little penknife, lleller proceeded very quietly to cut the egg exactly in half, wheu suddenly a bright new twenty-five cent piece was discovered laying | imbedded in the yolk, apparently as bright as when it came from the mint. —Very coolly the great magician, transferred the coin to his pocket, and taking up another egg inquired: "And how much do" you a-k me for this egg ?" "L>e Lord bless my soul ! i)at egg ? De fact am, boss, dis egg am worth a dime shuab." "All right," was the response; here's the dime. Now give me the egg." Separating it with an exact precision that the colored lady watched eagerly, a quarter eagle was most carefully picked out of the egg and placed iu the ve.it pocket of the op erator as before." The old woman was thun der-struck, as weil she might have been, and her customer had to ask tue price for the third egg two or threc'times before he could obtain a reply. "Dar's no me talkin,' mars'r," said the bewildered old darkey, I can't let you hab dat ecg nohow less dan a quarter, I declare to de Lord I can't. '"Verygood," said Ileller, whose imper turbable features were as solemn as an un dertaker, "there is your quarter, and here is the egg. All right." As he opened the last egg, a brace of live dollar gold pieces were discovered snugly deposited in the heart of the yolk, and jing ling them merrily together in his little palm the servant coolly remarked. ' Aery good eggs, indeed. I rather like them; and while I am about it I believe I will buy a dozen. What is the price ?' "1 say price !" exclaimed the astonished daughter of Ham. "You'couldn't buy them eggs, mars'r, for all the money you's got. No dat you couldn't, I'se gwinc to take dem eggs honje.jl is; an dat money in dem all belongs to me. It does dat.—Couldn't sell no more of dem eggs nohow.' Amid the roar of the spectators the be nighted African started to her domicile to "smash dem eggs" but with what success we are unable to relate. THE JEWS OF THE MIDDLE ACE. The next important class of oar benefac tors at this period were the Jews. Despised and rejected of men, driven from city to city and from land to land, shut up in foul quarters of the medieval towns, plundered by ruthless barons, and racked and tortured by infamous kings, the hapless Israelites, in all their cruel wanderings, never lost their frugal habits, their painful industry, their commercial ardor, their probity, and their hope. They settled in almost every land. They clustered together in the gardens ol Syria, the rich cities of Spain, the barbarous lands of Germany and Muscovy, the dan gerous realms of Eicbard or Philip Augus tus. Every country and city was benefited by the presence of these indefatigable labor ers. Wherever the Jew came he either brought capitol or created it. lie was the money-lender of Europe before the Floren tine and Venetian bankers engrossed that gainful trade. He supplied the means with which merchants made their purchases, nobles supported their lavish establishments, and monarchs waged their destructive wars: and the usurious interest which he exacted for his loans made him hated and envied by the less prudent Christian. Jewbhcouimu nities grew up iu all the European cities, distinguished from their barbarous neigh bors by the regularity of their habits, the purity of their morals, their learning and scholarship, no less than their commercial thrift; and when the Semitic Saracens had sunk into indolence and decay, their rela tives, the Semitic Hebrews, continued to impart to Saxons and Franks the higher traits of an ancient civilization. While Greek and lioinan, Babylonian and Cartha ginian died out from the earth, the chosen people still preserved their mental and mor al vigor. Yet the most fatal persecution met them in every land. They lived amidst scenes of intolerable suffering. To rack and tortue a Jew was the favorite emyloyment of medi eval Christians. To treat him with insult and contempt was considered a Christian duty. Vet, in spite of the persecution of their larlarous neighbors, the Jews grew rich and powerful; their patient industry conquered at length in the struggle with feudal cruelty and innocence; their trading cities on the Bine and the Moselle became again centres of intelligence and wealth; Jewish bankers, merchants, artisans, manu facturers became the models of tho.-e of Italy and Germany ; and the example of Semitic learning and intelligence probably aided greatly in awakening the intellect of Europe. —EUOENE LAWRENCE, in Harper's Maga zine. • Two gardeners had their crops of peas killed by the frost, one of whom, who had fretted greatly and grumbled at the loss, visiting his neighbor some time after, was astonished to see another fine crop growing, and inquired h'>w it could be. "These are what I sowed while you were freting." was the reply. ',Why, don't you fret?" "Yes, but I put it off till I have repaired the mischief." "Why, then, there's no need to fret at all." "True, that's the reason 1 put it off." WHEN the good and the lovely die, the memory of their good deeds, like the moon beams on the stormy sea, lights up our darkened hearts and lends to the surround ing gloom a beauty so sad and so sweet that we would not, if we could, dispel the dark ness that environs it. SUBSCRIPTION TERMS, *C The ISQCIKEK if publifhed every PatBAY morn ing he following r*te: Osf TEA*, (In Klvanee,) 12.00 " " (il not paid within ix m0t.)... $2.50 " " (if not paid within the year,)... $3.00 All |>per> outside of the county difoontinned without notice, at the expiration of the time for which the subscription ha-' been paid. Single copief of the peperfurniehed, in wrappers, at Ore cents each. Communications on subjects of loeal or general nterest, are respectfully solicited. To ensure at tention favors of this kind must invariably be accompanied by the name of the author, not for publication, bat as a guaranty against imposition. Ai! letters pertaining to business of tae office should be addressed to JOHN LUTZ, Bepronn, Pa. MINDING. "Charlie, corns in, I waut you," said a sweet womanly voice to a little boy who was playing marbles on the side walk in front of a nice brick bouse. Now Cbarlie was very busy, and in the midst of u delightful game. He was as hap py as could be. To quit his play then was like quitting the table when half through dinner. Would he obey. We looked with interest to see what he would do. What would you have done ? Charlie replied, "yes, mother," and pick ing up his marbles, started off with a smil ing face and a bounding step up the side yard, and in at the end door of the house. A fiue boy that, I thought, as I looked after him. I wonder who ho is? What a beau tiful thing it must he to have a little boy or girl that will mind at once, and with a hap p> loving heart! I wondered what would become of that boy, and wished to see more of him and learn his history. I used to walk past that house every week, and always thought of that blue-eyed, light-haired boy. The thought of him mads me happy. 1 saw a great many naughty cbi!drcu> Once I spent two or three days in trying to find a naughty boy who ran away from and overwhelmed his parents with grief; and when I found him, some one had stolen his coat and hat, and bundle of clothes, and all the money he had. Once I chased after a truant boy and girl for several hours,'and at last, late at night, found them in the woods, wet through, cold, and frightened almost to death. They had disobeyed their mother, and gone to play instead of goiug to school, and both of them were tick lor several weeks in consequence iof their folly and exposure. A boy that minds—he is a jewel I had been in business a year or two, and in that time had had several boys; but it was next to impossible to find one that would mind. At last I was. quite out of patience, and I determined that i would have no one who could not bring the best recommenda tion, and staud the closest test. Several ap plied for the place, but no ono suited me. At last came a blue-eyed, flaxen-haired youth of twelve years, with a bright, honest face. There was something engaging in his aspect. Had I seen him before ? "What is your name ?" "Charlie Warren, sir. I live in Fraokhn street. My father is a carpenter, but is lame now, and cannot work, and I have got mother's consent to go into a store, if I can find a place." THE ROD AND LINE. —The passion for angling is by no means limited to any class of society. The most eminent poets, paint ers, philosophers, statesmen, and soldiers havclbeen fond of the art. Trajan loved angling, and Nelson threw the fly with his left hand after the Spaniard* had shattered his right arm. Ovid, Boileau, Goldsmith, llossini were anglers. Dr. Paley was pas sionately fond of it, and in reply to the bishop of Durham, a a to when one of his most important works was to be finished, said, "My lord, 1 shall work steadily at it when the fly-fishing is over." Walter Scott, infinitely susceptible to the beauties of Nature, was delighted with angling, and more than one passage in his works betrays bis predilection for the sport. Walton has justly styled the gentle art as "the contem plative man's iecreatiou." We do not think that angling should be classed with acts of cruelty, for fish and all cold-blooded animals, and the act of booking a fish is probably attended with less pain than we imagine, as the cartilaginous part of the mouth contains no apparent nerves. A trout will often continue to pursue insects after escaping from the hook, though he will shun the artificial ones. The pike will seize the bait, even when the mouth is full of broken hooks. Sharks are aleo remarka bly insensible to pain.— From "SALMON FISHING," in Lippencolt's Magazine for .1 lay. THE absurd effort at refinement by whieh would be genteel people speak of a gentle man's "lady' when they mean his "wife," thereby not only sacrificing definitcness. but actually allowing a dubious meaning of un pleasant character to be possible, ia well drawn up in tnis significant incident: "Can't pass, marm, 1 ' said astern sentinel of the navy to an officer's lady. "But, sir, I must pass; I am Captain W.'s lady." "Couldn t let you pass if you were his wife." BUSKIN says that people's eyes are so in tensely fixed on the immediate operation of money as it changes hands that they hardly ever reflect on its first origin or final disap pearance. They are always considering how to get it from somebody else, but never how to get it where that somebody else got it. V hereas, the real national question is not who ;s losing or gaining money, but who is making and who destroying it. TUE prayer which Socrates taught his disciple Aicibiades, deserves a place in the devotions of every Christian: "That he should beseech the supreme God to give him what was good for him, though he should net ask it, and to withhold from him whatever would be hurtful, though he should he so foolish as to pray for it," A PERSON who was recently called iuto court for the purpose of proving the correct ness of a doctor's bill, was asked by the lawyer whether "the doctor did not make several visits after the patient was out of danger?" "No," replied the witness. "I consider a patient in danger as long as the doctor continues his visits." To be insensible to the charms of piety, and the beauty of holiness, is to be entirely wanting in the best sense and taste a man can have. Whatever is excellent and de sirable in the universe of God concentrates in holiness. Holiness ia the ultimatum of human hopes and happiness. A LADY asked a minister whether a per son might not be fond of dress and ornaments without being proud : "Madam," said the minister, "when you see a fox's tail peeping out of a hole you may be sure the fox is within'" IK a man has any religion worth having, he will do his duty and not make a fuss about it. It is the empty kettlo that rat tles. , drying up a single tear has more of housst fame than shedding seas of gore. IT is as great a mercy to be preserved in health as to be delivered from sickness.