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AU *4verti*emntß for le than 3 months 18 cents per line for eeeh insertion. Specie 1 notices one-half aidiliona.l. All resolution! of Anocie tions, communications of a limited or individal in'ercst and notices of marriages and deaths, ex eeeding five lines. 10 cts. per line. All legal noti ces of every kind, and all Orphans' Court and other Judicial sales, are required by law to lie pub lished in both papers. Editorial Notices la cents per line. AU Advertising due afterfirst insertion • A liberal discount made to yearly advertisers. 3 moots. Smooths, 1 yerr One square $ 4-30 $ B.B® SIB.BB Twe squares ........ 8.88 8.00 IS.Ofl Three squares - 800 U.W 20.08 One-four*b column - 14.60 20.00 33.08 Half column - -IS 0C 23.00 45.88 Oneeoluma 30.00 43.00 80.60 XewsrAfiFt Laws.— We would call the special attention of Pott Matter* and subscribers to the Is utrine* to the following synopsis of ihe News paper laws : 1. A Postmaster is required to give notice Ay utter, (returning a paper does not answer the law) when a subscriber does not take his paper out of the office, and state the reasons tor its not lieing taken; and a neglect to do so makes the Postmas ter repeoneible to the publishers for the payment. 2. Any person who takes a paper from the Post office, whether directed to his name or another, or whether he has subscribed or not is responsible for the pay. 3. If a person orders his paper discontinued, he must pay all arrearages, or the publisher may continue to send it until payment is made, and ollect the whole amount, ichether Y be taken from Ike office or not. There can be no legal discontin uance until the payment is made. 4. If the subscriber orders his paper to be Xtcpped at a certain time, and the publisher con tinues to send, the subscriber is bound to pay for it, if he takee it out of the Font Of/ice. The law proceeds upon the ground that a man mast pay for what.he uses. 5. The eourts have decided that refusing to take newspapers and periodicals from the Post office, or removing and having them uncalled for, is prima facia evidence of intentional fraud. frofrssionai <& tfards. ATTORNEYS AT LAW. jnMItELL AND LINGEXFELTER, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, BCDFUSD, PA. Have formed a partnership in the practice of the Law, in new brick building near the Lutheran Church. [April 1, 1889-tf A. POINTS, ATTORNEY AT LAW, BEDFOBP, PA. Respectfully tenders his professional services t the public. Office with J. W. Lingenfeltcr, Esq., on Public Square near Lutheran Church. _CS!~Coilections promptly made. [April, I'B9-tf. ESPY M. ALSIP, ATTORNEY AT LAW. BEDFORD, PA., Will faithfully and promptly attend to all busi ness entrusted to his care in Bedford and adjoin ing counties. Military claims. Pensions, back pay, Bounty, Ac. speedily collected. Office with ManD A Spang, on Juliana street, 2 doors south of the Mengel House. apl 1, 1889. —tf. JR. DURBORROW. ATTORNEY AT LAW, BssronD, PA., Will attend promptly to all business intrusted to his care. Collections made on the shortest no tice. He a regularly licensed Claim Agent and mi give special attention to tie prosecution . '.vis s against the Government for Pensions, Back I ay, Bounty, Bounty Lands, Ac. Office on Juliana street, one door south of the Inquirer office, and nearly opposite the 'Mengei House" April 1, 1869:tf g.t. RTSSELL J. H. LOSGtSICXER RUSSELL A LONGENECKER, VRTOGSSRS A Cot'SßßLM)*s AT LAW, Bedford, Pa-, Will attend promptly and faithfully to all busi ness entrusted to their care. Special attention given to collections and the prosecution of claims for Back Pay, Bounty, Pensions, Ac. 354*-Office on Juliana street, south of the Court House. Apti L-6S:lyr. L M M'D. SHARP* *- R. IEEE CIHAKPE A KERR. O A TTOBXE YS-AT-LA joining counties. All bnsiness entrusted to their care will receive careful and prompt attention. Pensions, Bounty, Back Pay, Ac., speedily col lected from the Government. Office on Juliana street, opposite the banking house of Reed A Schell. Bedford, Pa. Apr 1:89:tf C. SCHAFFER ATTORNEY AT LAW, BEDFORD, PA-, OSce with J. W. Dicker*on Esq.. 23aprly PHYSICIANS. QK. B. F. HARRY, Respectfully tenders his professional ser vices to the citiiens of Bedford snd vicinity. Office an i residence on Pitt Street, in the building ' formerly ocoupiedbv Dr. J. H. HoCus. [Ap'l 1,89. j MISCELLANEOUS. OS. SHANNON, BANKER, . BiDroED, PA. BANK OF DISCOUNT AND DEPOSIT. j Collections made for the East, West, North and Booth, and the general basinets of Exchange transacted. Notes and Account* Collected ami Remittances promptljmade. HEAL ESTATE bought and sold. April 1:69 DANIEL BORDER. PITT STREET, TWO DOORS WEST or THE IED RORD HOTEL, BESFJRD, PA. WATCHMAKER AND DEALER IN JEWEL RY. SPECTACLES. AC He keeps on hard a stork of fine Gold and Sil ver Watches, Spectacles of Brilliant Double Refin ed Glasses, a-so Scotch Pebble Glasses. Gold Watch Chains, Breast Pins, Finger Rings, best quality of Gold Pens. He will supple to or,lei any thing in his line not on hand. [pr.2B.'As. DW. CROUSE, • PEAI.ER 15 CIGARS, TOBACCO, PIPES, AC. On Pitt ftreet onn door east of Geo. R. Ostei A Co.'a Store, Bedford, Pa., is DOW prepared to sell by wholesale all kinds of CIGARS. All orders promptly filled. Persons desiring anything in his line will do well to give him a call, Bedford April 1. '6?., ri N. HICK OK, >-'• T DENTIST. Office at the old stand m Bask BriLDisG, Jaliana St., BEDFORD, All operations pertaining to Surgical and Mecho nical Dentistry, performed with care and WARRANTED. administered, vhen desired. Ar tijicial teeth inserted at, per set, SB.OO and up. vsard. As I am deteimined to do a CASH BUSINESS or none, I have reduced the prices for Artificial Teeth of the various kind.-. 20 per cent., and of Gool * illings ~d per cent This reduction will he made only to strictly Cash Patients, and all such will receive prompt attention. TfebfiS WASHINGTON HOTEL. This large and commodious house, having been re-taken by the subscriber, is now open for the re ception of visit >rs an 1 boarders. The rooms ar< large, well ventilated, and comfortably famished The table will always be supplied with the best the uarketcan afford. The Bar is stocked witt the choicest liquors. In short, it is mv purport to keep a FIRM-CLASS HOTEL. Thar.kin; the pubiic for past favors, I reipeetfully solicit i renewal of their patrenage. N. B. Hacks will run constantly between th< Hota! and the Springs, mayir/filbly WM. DIBERT, Prop's. IP XCHA Na K HOTEL, d HUNTINGDON, PA. This old establishment having been leased by J. M'RBI SON, f.rmerly proprietor of the Mnr rison House, has l>cen entirely renovated and re furnished and supplied with all the modern im proveuients and conveniences necessary to a first class Hotel. The dining room has been removed to the Sr.-i flour and is now spacious and airy, and the ehatn . cr are all we., ventilate.i, and !he t-r< pr etor will endeavor to make fats guests pcrf'-*■'.> st home. Address, J. jtfpianxsON, RICH AXES HOTEL, Jljaiytf Huntingdon. Pa. MAGAZINES.— The following Magazines 'or sale at the Inquirer Book Store: ATLAN TIC MONTH LT, PUTNAM'S MONTHLY LIPPINCOTT S, GALAXY, PETERSON, GO DEY, KD'M. DEMORESTS. FR.'NK LESLIE RIVER SIDE, etc. etc. it JOHN L.IJTZ. Editor and Proprietor. gmjmm Column. ADVERTISERS: THE BEDFORD INQUIRED PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MORNING, BY JOHN LUTZ, OFFICE ON JULIANA STREET, BEDFORD, PA. THE BEST ADVERTISING MEDIUM IN SOUTH■ WES TERN PENNS TL VANIA. CIRCULATION OVER 1500. HOME AND FOREIGN ADVERTISE MENTS INSERTED ON REA SONABLE TERMS. A FIRST CLASS NEWSPAPER. TERMS OF SUBSCRIITION: $2.00 PER ANNUM, IN ADVANCE. JOB PRINTING: ALL KINDS OF JOB WORK DONE WITH NEATNESS AND DISPATCII, AND IN THE LATEST k MOST APPROVED STYLE, SUCH AS POSTERS OF ANY SIZE, CIRCULARS, BUSINESS CARDS, WEDDING AND VISITING CARDS, BALL TICKETS, PROGRAMMES, CONCERT TICKETS, ORDER BOOKS, SEGAR LABELS, RECEIPTS, LEGAL BLANKS, PHOTOGRAPHER'S CARDS, BILL HEADS, LETTER HEADS, PAMPHLETS, PAPER BOOKS, ETC. ETC. ETC. ETC. ETC Our facilities for doing all kinds of Job Printing are equalled by very few cv-snshmeats in the country. Orders by mail promptly filled. All letters should be addressed to JO UK LCTZ. .3 ILocal ant tSrnrral fUtospaprv, ZDrbotrfc to s>olitirs, (£tiucation, Eitcraturc anti fftorais. 3?odVif. THE OLD PENNSYLVANIA FARMER. BY BAYABD TATT.OR. Well—well! this is a comfort, now,—the air is mild as May, And yet 'tis March the twentieth, or twenty first to-dav: And Reuben ploughs the hill for corn; I thought it would be tough, But now I see the furrows turued, I guess it's dry enough. I don't halflive penned up in doors; a stove's not like the sua, Whan I can't see how things go on, I fear they're badly done; I might have farmed till now, I think —one's family is go queer — As if a man can't oversee who's in bis eigh tieth year 1 Father, 1 rniud, was eighty-five before he gave up his; But he was dim o's ight, and crippled with the rheumatiz. I followed in the old, steady way, so he was satisfied : But Reuben likes ney tangled things and ways I can't abide. I'm glad I built this southern porch: my chair seems easier here: 1 haven't seen as due a spring this five and tweuty year And how the time goes round so quick ! —a week, I would have sworn, Since they were husking on the fiat, and now they plough for corn ! When I was young, time had for me a lazy ox's pace. But now it's like a blooded horse, that means to win the race. And yet I can't fill out my days, I tire my self with naught; I'd rather use my legs and hands than plague my bead with thought. There's Marshall, too, I see from here, he and his boys begin. Why don't they take the lower field '! that one is poor and thin. A coat of lime it ought to baTe, but they're a doless set. They think swamp mud's as good, but we shall see what corn they gel! Across the level. Brown's new place begins to make a show. I thought he'd have to wait for trees, but, bless me, how they grow ! Tfcey say it's fine— two acres filled with ever greens and things: But so much laud! it worries me. for not a cent it brings. He has the right, I don't deny, to please him self that way, But 'tis a bad example set, and leads young folks astray; Book-learning gets the upper baud and work And tbey that come long after us will find thiDgs gone to wreck. Now Reuben's on the hither side, his team comes back again ; I know how deep he sets the share, I see the horses strain: I had the fields so clean of stones, but be must plough so deep. He'll have it like a turnpike soon, and scarce ly fit for sheep. If father lived. I'd like to know what he would say to these New notions of the younger men, who farm by chemistries ; There's different stock and other grass: there's patent plough and cart — Five hundred dollars for a bull 1 it would have broke his heart. The maples must be putting out; 1 see a some thing red Down yonder where the clearing laps across the meadow's head. Swamp cabbage grows beside the ran, the green is good to see, But wheat's the color, atter all, that cheers and "livens me. They think I have an easy time, no need to worry now Sit in the porch ail day and watch them mow. and sow, and plough: Sleep in the summer in the shade, in winter in the sun — I'd rather do the thing myself, and know just | how it's done! I Well—l suppose I'm old, and yet 'tis not so long ago i When Reuben spread the swarth to dry, and Jesse learned to mow, And William raked, and Israel hoed, and Jo seph pitched with me; But such a man as I was then ray boys will never be I don't mind Vt illiam's hankering for lectures and for books; He never bad a farming nack —you'd see it in his looks; But handsome is that handsome does, and be j is well to do ; Twould ease my mind if I could say the name of Jesse, too. There s one black sheep in every flock, so there must be in mine. But I was wrong that second time bis bond to undersign; It*B less than what his share will be —but there's the interest! In ten years more I roigbt have bad two thou sand to invest. There's no use thinking ofit now, and yet it makes me sore; The way I've slaved and saved, I ought to count a little more. I never lost a foot of land, and that's a com fort sore, And if tbey do not call me rich, they cannot call me poor. Well, well 1 ten thousand times I've thought the things I'm thinking now. I've thought them in the harvest field and in the clover mow; And sometimes I get tnem, and wish j'j .ouietuing new — Bat this is all I've seeu and know: so what's a man to do? Tis like my time is nearly out, of that I'm not afraid. I never cheated any man, and all my debts are paid. They call it rest we shall have, but work would do no barm. There can't be rivers there, and fields, with out some sort o' farm ! —From Hearth and Home. BEDFORD, PA FRIDAY, MAY 7- 1869. 2stecfUaa*mis. NASBY. The Content Outraged—The GmUotvte tf Work—Capt. MePelter Decapitated ait'l a Nigger Made Asutntar at hu Place. POST Orris, COSFEPXBIT X Rosas, | (Wich ia in the State uv Keutueky) "■ April , 1969. J Ef the Deinoerisy uv the North aru t sat isfied by this time tbat the ultimate inteo shen uv the Ablisbnist is to subjoogate em and reduce em to the level of the nigger, the voice uv one risen from the dead weodent avail nothin. Yesterday the last outrage wich a chivalrous people has been compelled to bear wuz perpetrated onto a citizen u* the Corners. I .-hel state the case candy : The posishen uv Assessor of Internal Kevenoo for the Dee strict uv wich the Cor ners is the centre, hez bin held siuee A. Johnson hez bin Pre-ident, by Capt. Hugh MePelter, laie uv Moigan's Cavalry, C. S. A. That he hex filled the posisheu to the satisfaction uv the citizens uv the Co'.iers, no one denies. He is a distiller, in fact be and Elder Penu backer run the two distil leries in the town, and they hev bin doen a thrivin bienis. MePelter wnz Assessor, and Pew' acker Collector, and c-z a consekence none uv the capital uv the Corners hez bin subtracted and carried to Washington to feed the Abolishon iheeves there. Ez no tax has ever been paid on the whisky at this place, Bdseom hez bin enabled to continyoo to sell it at five cents per drink, while every where else the regular price is ten and fif teen. There wuz other advantages in bavin the Asses-orship and Collectorship in their hands. By simply hintin to em that it wuz my dooty ez a Federal offis holder to inves tygate their modes of doin the Government hiznis, 1 hev not only bin the happy recipi ent uv scores uv two gailon jugs, but I hev bin enabled at divers and sundry times to prckoor loaus uv ein uv various amounts, the lowest being $ 1,75 and the highest reach ing S2O. This happy comic-hen uv affairs is bustid. Grabriel Batcoek, a nigger—that is a half uiggcr—formerly the property of Deekio Po graui. and who looks enuff like the Deekin J olde-t son Jehil to be his half brother, wuz last week appinted and confirmed Assessor in the place of Captain MePelter, and immedi ately he enteied onto the discharge uv his dooties. There arc many feechers pekooiyerly ag gravatin in the appointment. To begin whh, this Babcock was notoriously obnox yus to the corners during the late onpleas anuiis. At the heginnin thereof he run away from Deekin Pograrn and entered the Federal servi-. He wuz pertikerlary aetiv and eusid. His knowledge uv the country made him yoosful to the Federal officers ez a guide and a scout, and at least one Federal victory is chargeable direct to the information hebrot. Then hi- wife wuz knowd to her hid five Federal sojors who had escaped f-tom Ander ■****■ L - £— tr- ' uv Captain MePelter at Fort Pillow, kin * be wondered at that he wuz left for dead ? o kin it l>e wondered at that the people uv the Corners wuz surprised whe he appearee among em at the close of the war. with oe leg off and one arm stiff? Not much Capt. MePelter wuzn't in the habit of half doia hi- work, and the appearance of this niggei who had passed through his hands ruther astonished the Captain, Doorin his absence he had learned to read and write, and be wuz made a teacher in the Freedmen's Stool wich wa- established in this place, and now he is Assessor, with Pollock on his bond. Ei a matter of course we dispair uv the Republic. Wat Freedom can there be for us with a nigger in offichel posishen to tyra uize Over us ? Whatman uv culcher, uv edueashen, uv refinement, kin afford to live in a comunity where a disgustin mulatto is made not only our ekal but our sooperior! Deekin Pograoi said this indignantly to Joe Bigler, who immejitly askt the Deekin whether or not he didn't count Babcock's mother his ekal thirty years ago? Wich question was in the presence of the Deekin's wife, who hez a temper, wuz the occasion uv severe remarks between the worthy pair. Joe Bigler delites in opeoin old scores. The first aet"uv this Babooek, in his offi shel capacity wuz the shuttin uv MePelter's and Pennibacher's distileries. and Bascom's bar, on the skore that none uv em had never taken out licensses, or even paid any taxes ! There wuz the most terrific ebulishen uv feclin at this act uv tyranny that hez ever bin my lot to witness. "Hang the black cuss!" "Down with the Afrikin despot !" Shouted the infuriated citizens. With a refinement uv crooclty wich cood only be the off spring uv a most depraved and visbus mind, he shut up these places at seven o'- clock in the morning, before one uv the citizens hed hed his morning bitters ! Hed he postponed it an hour we might hev fought it out. for some one else wood hev prokoored a supply before noon, and things would hev gone on normal. But there wuz the entire populashen uv the Corners at seven a. m., with throats like lime kilns, and nary a drop to be hed for love or money. The skcein wuz well considered and successful. Thecit izens cood hold hut fifteen minutes, and they surrendered. They gave bonds to wich they all apended their marks to indemnify the (government for back tackses and compell ed Ba-corn to take out license. This done, the nigger, who was backt up by Bigler and Pollock, opened his doors and the multitood surged in and wuz satisfied. To think uv a nigger holden the destinies uv the Corners in his hands! Ex a matter of course Elder Pennibaeker will follow next; "indeed he wan'sto resign now. for,*sez he, with the Assessorship in hostile hands uv wit avail is it to be Collec tor And then bow long will my head stay on my shoulders? Is a nigger to take my j place. Already hez Bascom r>;aud bis price to 10c drink, and notified me that iik ker from this time out is cash, and already has Pennibaeker and McPelter refoosed to lend toe a cent! 3ly Kingdum is erumblin. Tiie elecksben uv Grant wuz the wedge wieh is riven me from stem to stern. I shel be compelled to go hentz a broken man. The b indnes" uv this present Adininistra -hen i? trooly astoni.-hen. Things wnz set tliu rapid'y at the Corner here. McPelter wnz bccouiin pacified, and Deekin Penni baeker likewise. They wuz not sati-ficd with the Guvernment, or ditf they approve uv anything it did. but they were passive. Now the old sore* is opened. Now MePel- tear is breathtn slaughter, and is for leUin slip the dorga uv war. And what her Grant got in return? Why, a nigger who wuz al" ready bizzen, and the two whites at the Cor ners, who voted for bitn last fall and will again, anyhow. General Grant don't tncan to pacify us—he ain't on the soothe, nor hez he a clear idea of wat is needed to con ciliate. I shel go next. There is to be a nieetin held next week to protest agin these changes, but it won't avail nothin. We are all marked. PETROLEUM V. NASBT, (Wich is Postmaster.) MAN UN AND DIXON'S LINE. No geographical line, real or imaginary, during the last half century, has been the subject of more general reference than "Ma son and Dixon's Line," and none less gener ally understood. Constituting the southern boundary of Pennsylvania, and the dividing | line between this State, and Delaware and I Maryland, and thereby the dividing line of the free and slave States of the Atlantic slope, until whore it struck the Ohio ri'.-cr, "Mason and Dixon's Line" passed into popular u-e in the fierce discussions which so long agitated the country by reason of the "irrepressible conflict" between Free dom and Slavery. Now that the contest has been ended in the entire abolition of slavery throughout the Republic this geo graphical line ceasr. to have any national importance. Still, in view of the past, a few facts in connection with its origin may not be uninteresting to the reader. In 1854, Hon. John 11. B. Latrobe, of Baltimore, delivered an able and interesting lecture before the Pennsylvania Historical Society, in which he dwells at length upon the subject. It seems that the grants of land to Lord Baltimore, \Ym. Penn and the Dutch settlers of Delaware, were somewhat in definite and difficulty arose as to the bound aries of tLe several grants. The grant to Penn made part of his southern boundary to consist of "a circle drawn at twelve miles distant from Newcastle northward and westward, unto the beginning of the 40tb degree of Northern latitude." On the 4th of July, 1760, the heirs of Penn and Lord Baltimore executed a deed of boundary settlement, under which, together with the decisions of the English Court of Chancery, Commissioners were ap pointed to run the boundary line between Maryland on the one band, and Delaware and Pennsylvania on the other. The sur veyors, under the deed, were Thomas Gar nett, Jonathan Hall, John Lukens, Archi bald McClean, John F. A. Priggs, Archi bald Emory, John Watson and William Shankland; whose original fieldnotcs are still preserved in the Maryland archives at Annapolis. At the end of three years, these Purveyors had accomplished but little more than the adjustment of the southern line of Delaware, half way across the peninsula, the peninsu lar line North to the intersection of the •.— e ., putut or iLt circular confine of Delaware, and the tracing of the "twelve mile circle." It was from the "tangent point" on this circle, that the meridian was to be continued North to a point, fifteen miles South of Philadelphia, whence should be traced tin parallel of latitude westward, that was to divide the provinces, and to the difficulty ol tracing this line is attributable the presence of Mason and Dixon in America. On the 4th of August 1763, Thomas and Richard Penn, and Lord Baltimore, being together in London, agreed with Cbas, Ma son and Jeremiah Dixon, "two mathema ticians or surveyors,''"to mark, run out. settle, tix and determine all such parts of the circle, marks, lines and boundaries, as wen mentioned in the several articles or commis sions, and were not yet completed." Macon and Dixon landed in Philadelphia on the 15th of November following, and began their work at once. They adopted the peninsular lines, and the radius and tan gent point of the circle, of their predeces sors. They next ascertained the north eastern corner of Maryland, and proceeded to run the dividing parallel of latitude. Tbej pursued this parallel a distance of 230 miles, IS chains and 21 links, from the place of beginning, at the X. E. comer of Mary land, to the bottom of a valley on Dunkard's creek, where an Indian war path crossed their route; and here, on the 19th of November, 1767—103 years ago—their In dian escort told them it was the will of the Six Nations that the surveys should cease, leaving 36 miles, 6 chains and 59 links as the exact distance remaining to be run west to the southwest angle of Pennsylvania, not far from the Broad Tree tunnel on the B. &. O. Railroad. By agreement of the parties and the de cree of Lord Hardwieke, of the English Court of Chancery, the surveyors, Mason and Dixon, planted at the end of every fifth mile, a stone graven with the arms of the Peons on one side and those of the Balti more family on the other, marking the in termediate miles with smaller stones, having aP on the North side, and an M on the South. This was done as far as Sideling Hill; beyond that, the line is mark d by a "vista," cut through the forest, eight yards wile, with piles of stones on the mountain crests, as far as the summit of the Alle gheny; beyond which the line is marked with posts, with stones and earth heaped around them. Such is the Li-t ry of Ma son & Dixon's line. In course of time, the northeast boundary stone of Maryland, was undermined by a brook, and falling down, was removed and built into the chimney of a neighboring farm house. When it was missed, a joint com mission was authorized by the States of Maryland, Pennsylvania and Delaware, and Lieut. Col. Jamas D. Graham, of the U. S. Topographical Engineers, proceeded to re place it. A "triangular prismatic post of graiuio," marked with the letters. M, Dand P, respectively facing the States to which these letters refer, now marks the beginning ol Mason and Dixon's line. Dixon died at Durham, England, 1777, Mason died in Pennsylvania in 1787. PEOPLE who want to establish a veloci pede rink can call it by any of the following names: Amphicyclotheatron. gymnaeycli dium, velocipedrome or bicyclocurrieulum. No wonder some people are afraid of the machine*. THE lady who wai nearly killed by the accidental discharge of her duty, is slowly recovering. THE TWO FRENCH QUEENS OF FASHION. BY JAMES PARTON. Eighteen years ago the President of the Republic of France betrayed the country which had trusted him, stole its liberties in the night, laid robber hands upon its treas ury, dishonored its noblest citizens by carting them to jail in prison vans, murdered in cold blood several hundreds of innocent men and women in the streets of Paris, and trans ported hundreds more to a hot, unhealthy region of the tropics. This was the Ander sooviile of usurpation. It transcended all that had ever been done in that kind, — joining to the extreme of dastard'y mean ness the extreme of audacious cruelty, and being totally devoid of palliation or excuse, except that invented by the bead liar of the gang who perpetrated it. The man in whose name the deed was done appears to have furnished nothing but the lies; the au dacity, and what little courage was shown, being supplied by others. Mr. Kinglake's chapter upon this usurpation (Invasion of the Crimea, Vol 1. Ch. XIV) strikingly confirmed by some American narratives to which the author had not access, exhausts the subject and avenges the human rac-e. which, is deeply injured whenever win's faith in man is lessened by the deliberate betrayal of a solemenly accepted trust. Mr. Kinglake, I say, has avenged our outraged race; for which, I trust, we are all duly grateful to him. Nothing remains but for France to bring the perfidious wretch to trial for the special wroDg done to her. and execute upon him the penalty to which he may be condemned. As usual in such cases, a woman was found willing to share the bed and booty of the successful robber. She was young beautiful, well formed, and of just such a mind as to submit joyfully to spend half the dav in trying on articles of wearing apparel, and the other half in displaying them to a concourse of people. It became, too, and remains an important part of her duty to amuse, dazzle, and debase the women of France, by wearing a rapid succession of the most gorgeous, novel, bewildering costumes, the mere description of which has developed a branch of literature, employs many able writers, and mainly supports fifty periodi cals. Here is a vain, beautiful woman, liv iug in the gaze of nations, whohas the plun derofarich kingdom, with which to buy her clothes, and the taste of a continent to devise tbem for her; for to Paris the elite of all tailors, dressmakers, milliners, and hair dressers go from every capital in Europe. Whatever there is in France of truly noble and patriotic—and there are as many noble and patriotic persons in France, as in any other country—avoids the vicinity of this woman; while around her naturally gather the thoughtless aDd the interested. The women in this circle imitate her as closely as women can whose husbands have not sto ten the treasures of a cation; all except one, it is said, and she is the real queen of fash- [ Both thpio )Jtng women have certain ! physical defects which thev wish to conceal, as well as certain unusual charms, of whieb 'bey intend the most shall be made. One is beautiful and tall. The other is ugly and *hort, but graceful, vivacious, and interest ing. The hair of one of them growing -cant behind, all women felt the necessity of carrying a pound of horsehair under their iwn, and swelled out in the region of the back hair to an extent that now seems in credible. If the parting of the hair widens, ■itid begins to resemble baldness, then friz zing comes in, which covers up the defi cieuey. A few gray hairs bring powder into fashion. Other insufficiencies send panniers on their way round the world. For these women, and especially the one who figures in the centre of the group, occupy that con spicuous place to which for two centuries past more female eyes have been admiringly directed than to any other: and there reside near them a band of writers who live by chronicling every new device of decoration that appears upon their persons. So able, liberal, and sensible a journal as the I'ail Mall Gazette finds it necessary to station an industrious member ot its staff within sighi of these people, for the sole purpose of tell ing the best women in England what clothes the worst women in France wear. I should suppose, from looking over the periodicals which publish fashion news, that there must be in Paris as many as a hundred writers who derive the whole or part of their income from describing the dresses worn in the an cient palaces temporarily occupied by the usurper and his dependents; and many ot these writers do their work so well, that their letters are a most potent stimulator ol the passion for dress which is so easily kin dled in tbe minds of the ignorant and imma ture. FIFTEEN FOLLIES. First—To think that the more a man eats, the fatter and stronger he will become. Second —To beleive that the more hours children study at school the faster they learn. Third—Toconelude that if exercise is good for the health, the more violent and ex hausting it is. the more good is done. Fourth —To imagine every hour taken from sleep is an hour gained. Fifth —To act on the presumption that the smallest room in the house is large enough to sleep in. Sixth—To argue that whatever remedy caused one to feel immediately better, is | "good for" the system, without regard to more ulterior effects. The "soothing syr up" for example, does stop the cough of children, and does arrest diarrhoea, only to cause, a little later, alarming convulsions or the more fatal inflamation of the brain, or water on the brain; or at least, always pro tracts the disease. Seventh —To commit an act which is felt in itself to he prejudicial, hoping that some how or other it may be done in your case with impunity. Eighth—To advise another to take a rem edy that you have not tried on yourself, or without making special inquiry whether all the conditions are alike. Ninth —To eat without an appetite or to continue to eat after it has been satisfied, hoping to gratify the ta3te. Tenth —To eat a hearty supper for the pleasure experienced daring the brief time it is passing down the throat, at the expense of a whole night of disturbed sleep, and a weary waking in the morning. Eleventh—To remove a portion of the clothiog immediately after violent exercise, when the most stupid drayman in New York knows that if he does not put a cover VOL. 42: NO. 18 oa hie horse the moment hecea&s to work in the winter, he will loc him in a few days by pneumonia. Twelfth —To contend that because thodir tie-t children in the street, or OD the high way, are hearty and healthy, therefore it is healthy to be dirty; forgetting that continu ous daily exposure to the pure out door air in joyous, unrestrained activities, is such a powerful agency for health, that those who live thus are well, in spite of rags and filth. Thirteenth—To presume to repeat later in life, without injury, the indiscretions, ex posures, and intemperances which in the. flush of youth were practiced with impuni ty- Fourteenth—To believe that warm air is necessarily impure, or tbat cold air is necessarily more healtby than the con fined air of a clo.-e and crowded vehicle; the latter at most, can only cause fainting and nausea, while entering a conveyance after walking briskly, lowering a window while thus exposed to a draught, will give a cold infallibly, or an attack of pleurisy or pneu ! omnia, which will cause weeks of suffering, if not actual death withiu four days. Fifteenth—To "remember the Sabbath day'' by working harder and later on Satur day than any other day, in view of sleeping iate next morning, and staying home all day to rest, conscience being quieted by the plea of not feeling very well. HINTS ON HOUSE CLEANING BY MRS. S. O. JOHNSON. As the spring days approach, the house wife feels htr dally cares increase. Every closet, drawer and piece bag must be rata sacked, overlooked and cleared up for the coming summer. Carpets must be taken up and shaken, beds well beateo, and bedsteads washed in strong brine to destroy all insects, etc. As anything that can lessen the labor of a house keeper is desirable, I venture to contribute my mite. Save the tea leave.- for a few days, then steep them in a tin pail or pan for half an hour, strain through a -ieve, and use the tea to wash all varnished paint. It requires very little rubbing or •'elbow polish," as the tea acts as a very strong detergent, clean-ing the paint from its impurities, and making the varnish shine equal to new. It cleanses window sashe and oil cloths: indeed, any varnished surface i- improved by its application. It washe window panes and mirrors much better than -oap or water; it is excellent for cleaning black walnut picture and looking-glass tiames. It will not do to wash unvarnished paint with it. Whiting is unequaled foi cleansing white paint. Take a small quanity on a damp flannel, rub lightly over the sur. face, and you will be surprised at its effects. Wall papers are readily cleansed by tying a soft cloth over a broom and sweeping down the walls carefully. The dust and ashes of furnaces and stoves are deposited in every crack and erevicc of our rooms, and require vigfant and active treatment for their remo val. Carpets absorb great quanities ol them. All who ean afford it will And it a areat improvement to use straw matting in summer, and in autumn cover them with carpet linings or even common newipapers, then put down the carpets over them. Clean-ing silver is not an easy ta-k; the use ofkerosene will greatly facilitate the opera tion. Wet a flannel cloth in oil, dip in dry whiting, and thoroughly rub the plated or silver ware; throw it into a dish of scalding soap suds, wipe with a soft flannel, anci polish with a chamois skin. Your silver or plate wili look equal to that exhibited in a jeweler's window, and will retain its bril lianey for six months, if once a week, when washed, it is polished with a chamois skin. Bright silver adds much to the beauty of a table, and is easily attained by this method. Some may think it will injure the plate. 1 have used it spring and fall for five years, and neither plated articles nor silver sustain an injury. Those who use brass and irons will find it equally efficacious in restoring their brightness. Old feather beds and pil lows are greatly improved by putting them on a clean grass plot during a heavy shower; let the beds become thoroughly wetted, turn ing them on both sides. Let them lie ou' till thoroughly dry, then beat them with rods; this will lighten up the feathers and make them much more healthful to sleep upon. It removes dust and rejuvenates the I eat he rs. — Awterican A 'jriculturist. GOVERNMENT SALARIES IN ENG LAND. The London correspondent of the New Fork Timet gives some interesting informs tion in regard to the Government salaries paid in England. It seems from his state ment that, in many cases, a great deal of money is paid for a very little work. He "Salaries are not so high in proportion a pensions. The places in the royal house hold, honorable sinecures, are a sort of pen sion or reward for political services. Thest change with the changes of Cabinets. Her Majesty's Steward, an Earl, gets SIO,OOO a year; Treasurer, who pays the market bills, or his clerk, for him. $15,000; Master of the Household, Major Domo. $5,8"0; Keeper of the Privy Purse, a mythical matter, $5,- 000; Queen's Private Secretary, who could not be trusted with the mythical purse, or other functions, $5,000; Master of the Horse. $12,000; Master of the Buckhounds —there really are some of these, though the Earl of Cork may never see them —$8,500; Groom of the Robes —Major General Sey mour, who personally or by deputy attend to ber Majesty's Royal petticoats—s4,ooo. These are only a few of them, for there are nearly a thousand persons attached to the Royal household, and paid for rendering some real, but mostly imaginary services to her Majesty. As usual, those who do most get least pay. "The members of the Cabinet, for the most part, work for their money. The Lord Chancellor has the largest plum in the pud ding— $50,000 a year and the pension to fol low. Mr. Gladstone, Mr. Lowe, Mr. Bruce. Mr. Cardweil, Earls, Clarendon and Gran ville and the Puke of Argyle get the same as the President ofthe I nited States—s2s,- 000 a year; Mr. C'bilders, $22,500; Mr. For tesque, $20,000; Marquis of Hartington. $12,500; Earl DeGrej, Earl Kimberly, Mr. Bright and Mr. Goschen, SIO,OOO. \\ hat seems to me the hardest thing in England is the small pay given to many who work very hard, and the great sums squandered on idlers. There are scores of persons in the pay of the Foreign Office at high salaries, who have not done a day's service in 20 years. One man, who has received $270,000, ha* not been consulted since 1854; another, who has lived in absolute idleness for forty four years, has received over $150,000 There SUBSCRIPTION TERMS, &C The Tcqcibkb u publirW every Fbibat morn 'Hg be following rate* ; Os* Ti, (in advance,) *® •• (i( not paid within x esoe.)... 2.afi •' " (if Bot paid ritfcin the yew,) -•# All paper* coteide of the cocnty discontinued without notice, at the expiration of the time for which the rubecription bae been paid. Singieeopieeof the paper far niehed, in wrapper*, at Sre cent* eaeh. ... i Communications on subjects of local or general nterest, are respectfully solicited. To ensure at tention farors of this kind must invariably be accompanied by the nstne of the author, not for publication, but as a guaranty against iinposiuou. All letters pertaining to business of the office should be addressed to JOHN LUTZ, BeproED, Pa. are numerous cases of this kind. A mat), ever so clever and useful, is aet aside by some Foreign Secretary, perhaps for a rela tive or favorite of his own, and goes upon the retired list when thirty years old, and lives till eighty, receiving from $5,000 to SIO,OOO a year to live where he likes—fifty years enjoying bis otium cum digniiate at the expense of peoole who work very hard and starve a little at times to pay their rates and taxes.'' PHOTOGRAPHING BY NIGHT. The experiment has just been made suc cessfully in St. Louis. A writer gives the following description of the modux operandi. "On entering the room we noticed a sort of miniature Turkish dome standing on the floor, about six feet high, five feet wide and six and a half feet long. In front of this stood a camera, and within, a chair and steadying apparatus. Near the top and at the left band front of this structure was a clock lamp for burning and feeding the magnesium wire that furnished the light for the art-purposes required in photography. In a moment Fitzgibbon and bis assistants announced that a plate was ready, and invi ted one of the company to sit for bis photo graph. He entered the rear of the mosque shaped structure, seated himself, the camera was adjusted, a match applied to the mag nesium wire, and a beautiful and brilliant light resulted, which in one half a minute produced as fine a picture of the sitter as was ever seen by daylight. The result was perfect, aud the novelty of having one's pic ture taken by night will draw crowds to Fitz gibbon s as soon as be opens to the public, which will be on Monday next. But novelty is not the only idea in this wonderful process. Its artificial light for photographic purposes is fully equal to sunlight in the best hours of the day, and makes it possible to do the best of work at late hoars in the afternoon, as well as on rainy and cloudy days, when the sun is hidden The same light will aiso print from the negative plate as well as by day, and hence an evening sitter who may be in haste, can have packages of photograph cards all ready by the morning. It is ex quisitely adapted for parlor and sick room pictures, which have heretofore been next to impossible. The darkest recess in the darkest cellar may be thus photographed as well as under the most fortunate circum -tances with natural light. It is a marvel if pr gresi-ive art, and as useful as i: is wonderful. THE GREAT LESSOJfS. The first great lesson a young man should iearn is that he knows nothing. The earlier md the more thoroughly this lesson is learned the better. A home-bred youth growing up in the light of parental admira tion, with everything to foster his vanity and self-esteem, is surprised to find, and often unwilling to acknowledge, the supe riority of other people. But he is compell ed to learn his own insignificance; his airs are ridiculed, his blundeis exposed, his wi-fces disregarded, and he is made to cut a sorry figure, until his self-conceit is abased, and he feels that he knows nothing. When a young man has thoroughly com prehended the fact that he knows nothing, and that, intrinsically, he ia but of little value, the next lesson is that the world cares nothing about him. He is the sub ject of no man's overwhelming admiration; neither petted by the one sex, nor envied by the other, he has to take care of bimselfl tie will not be noticed till he becomes no 'iccable; he will not become noticeable un til he does something to prove that he is of some u.-e to society. No recommenda tion or introduction will give him this, or ought to give him this ; he must do some thing to be recognized as somebody. The next lesson is that of patience. A man must learn to wait as well as work, and to be content with those means of advance ment in life which he may use with integ rity and honor. Patience is one of the most difficult lessons to learn. It is natural for ihe mind to look for immediate results. Let this, then, be understood at starting: that the patient conquest of difficulties which rise in the regular and legitimate channels of business and enterprise is not only essential in securing the success which a young man seeks in life, but essential to that preparation of the mind requisite for the enjoyment of success, and for retaining it when goined. It is the general rule, in all the world and in all time, that unearned -access is a curse. A PRUDENT old gentleman offers the fol lowing rules sor self-government: Always sit next the carver, if you can at dinner. Ask no woman her age. Be civil to all rich uncles and aunts. Never joke with a policeman. Take no notes with you to a fancy bazar ; nothing but 'postal.' Your oldest coat, of course for an evening party. Don't play chess with a widow. Never contradict a man who studies. Pull down the blind before you put on your wig. Make friends with the steward on board a steamer ; there's no knowing how soon you may be placed in Us power. In every strange house it is as well to inquire where the brandy is kept, only think if you were taken ill in the middle of the night! Never answer a erossing-swecper; pay him or pass silently and quickly on. One word and you are 'ost. Keep your own secrets. Tell no human being you dye your whiskers. Write not one more letter than yon can help. The man who holds a large corres pondence is a martyr tied, not to the stake, but to the post. \\ ind up your conduct like a watch, onoc everyday, examine minutely whether you are 'fast' or slow.' Two lawyers in Lowell were returning from court when the one said to the other, — "I've a notion to join Rev. Mr. 's church—been debating the matter for some time. What do you think of it?" "Wouldn't do it," said the other. "Well, why?" "Because it could do you no possible good, while it might be a great injury to the church." KEErrxo poultry is becoming fashionable in Boston, and hen houses are erected on the rooft of stylish dwellings.