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All advertisements for less than 3 months 10 cents per line for each insertion. Speein 1 notice: one-half additional. All resolutions of Associa tions, communications of a limited or indiridal interest and notices of marriages and deaths, ex ceeding five lines, 10 cts. per line. All legal noti ces of every kind, and all Orphans' Court and other Judicial sales, arc required fcr lair to be pub lished in both papers, Editorial Notices IS cents per line. All Advertising due after first insertion. A liberal discount made to yearly advertisers. 3 monts. 6 months. 1 year One square „ $ 4.50 $ 6.00 SIO.OO Tare squares 6.00 9.00 16.## Three squares 8.00 12.00 20.00 One-fourth column 14.00 20,00 35.00 llalf column.. . - 18.00 25.00 45.00 One column 30.00 45.00 80.00 NEWSPAPER LAWS.—We would call the special attention of Post Masters and subscribers to the ISQOIRKR to the following synopsis of the News paper laws: 1. A Postmaster is required to give notice by •cirer, (returning a paper does not answer the law) when a subscriber does not take his paper out of tho office, and state the reasons tor its not being taken; and a neglect to do so makes the Pus Unas ter repf iHiible to the publishers for the payment. 2. Any person who takes a paper from the Post office, whether directed to his name or smother, or whether he has subscribed or not is responsible for the pay. 3. If a person orders his paper discontinued, be must pay all arrearages, or the publisher may continue to Send it until payment is made, and ollect the whole amount, u-httker it be taken from the office or not. There can be no legal discontin uencc until tho payment is made. 4. If the subscriber orders his paper to bo stopped at a certain time, and the publisher con tinucs to send, the subscriber is bound to pay for it, if he takee it oat of the Poet Office. The law proceeds upon the ground that a man must pay for what he uses. 5. The court? have deinded that refusing to take newspapers and periodicals from the Post office, or removing and having tbem uncalled for, is prima facia evidence of intentional fraud. <Sar4js. ATTORNEYS AT LAW. JR IMMELL AND LINGENFELTEK, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, BKDFORD, PA. Have formed a partnership in the practice of the Law, in new brick l uilding near the Lutheran Church. [April 1, 1869-tf | A. POINTS, ATTORNEY AT LAW, BEDFORD, PA. Respectfully tenders his professional services t the public. Office with J. W. Lingeafe'ter, Esq., on Public Square near Lutheran Church. IPff~Co!lectiona promptly made. [April,l'69-tf. j ESPY m. ALSIP, ATTORNEY AT LAW, BEDFORD, PA., Will faithfully and promptly attend to all busi- : ness entrusted to his care in Bedford and adjoin n g counties. Military claims, Pensions, back pay. Bounty, Ac. speedily collected. Office with Mann A Spang, on Juliana street, 2 doors south of the Mengel House. apl 1, 1869.—tf. T R. DURBORROAV, . ATTORNEY AT LAW, BKBFORD, PA., J Will attend promptly to all business intrustod to his care. Collections made on the shortest no- ; lice. He ■(, also, a regularly licensed Claim Agont i andwil give special attention to the prosecution . 'iir s against the Government for Pensions, Back I ay, Bounty, Bonnty Lands, Ac. Office on Juliana street, one door South of the ' Inquirer office, and nearly opposite the * Mengel House" April 1, 186!htf — S. L. RUSSELL. 1. H. LOSOEXERKER -pUSSELL A LONGENECKER, IY> ATTORNEYS A COIXSELLORS AT LAW, Bedford, Pa., Will attend promptly and faithfully to all busi- j ness entrusted to their care. Special attention given to collections and the prosecution of claims fur Back Pay, Bounty, Pensions, Ac. on Juliana street, south of the Court i House. Apri l:89:lyT. J- M'D. SSAITRE E. F. KERR ; SHARPS A KERR, A TTOIISE rS-A T-LA IF. Will practice in the Courts of Bedford and ad joining counties. AH business entrusted to their care will receive careful and prompt attention, i Pensions, Bounty, Back Pay, Ac., speedily col- : looted from the Government. Office on Juliana street, opposite the banking : house of Reed A Scbcll. Bedford, Pa. Apr l;69:tf \ W C. SCHAEFFER ATTORNEY AT LAW, BEDFORD, PA., Office with J. W. Dickerson Esq.. 23aprly PHYSICIANS. jQR. 15. F. IIARRY", Respectfully tenders his professional 6er- j vices to the citizens of Bedford and vicinity, ; Office an i residence on Pitt Street, in the building , formerly occupied by Dr. J. U. IloCus. [Ap'l 1,69. i MISCELLANEOUS. OE. SHANNON, BANKER, , BEDFORD, PA. i BANK OF DISCOUNT AND DEPOSIT. Collections made for the East, West, North and j South, and the general business of Exchange i transacted. Notes and Accounts Collected and Remittances promptly made. REAL ESTATE j bought and sold. April 1:69 DANIEL BORDER, PITT STREET, TWO HOURS WEST or THE BEU RORD HOTEL, BESVORD, PA. WATCHMAKER AND DEALER IN JEWEL RY. SPECTACLES. AC. lie keeps on hand a stock of fine Gold an l Sil ver Watches, Spectacles of Brilliant Double Refin ed Glasses, also Scotch Pebble Glasses. Gold Watch Chains, Breast Pins, Finger Rings, best quality of Gold Pens. He will supply to order any thing in his line not on hand. [ipr.lS.'6s. DW. C ROUSE, • DEALER 1!V CIGARS, TOBACCO, PIPES, AC. On Pitt street one door east of Geo. R. Oatcr A Co.'s Store, Bedford, Pa., is now prepared to sell by wholesale all kinds of CIGARS. All orders promptly filled. Persons desiring anything in his line will do well to give him a call. Bedford April l.'fifb, p N. HICK OK , V- , DENTIST. Office at the old stand in BANK BCJLDIXG, Juliana St., BEDFORD. All operations pertaining to Surgical and Mechanical Dentistry performed with eare and WARRANTED. administered, tehees desired. Ar tificial teeth inserted at, per set, SB.OO and up. tcard. As I am deteimined to do a CASH BUSINESS or none, I have reduced the prices for Artificial Teeth of the various kinds, 20 per cent., and of Gold fillings 0.l per cent. This redaction will be made only to strictly Cash Patients, and all such will receive prompt attention. 7feb6B HOTEL. This large and commodious house, having been re taken by the subscriber, is now open for the re ception of visitors and boarders. The rooms are large, well ventilated, and comfortably furnished. The table will always be supplied with the best tbenarketcan afford. The Bar is stocked with the choicest liquors. In short, it is mv purpose to keep a FIR>T-CLASS HOTEL. Thanking the public for past favors, I respectfully solicit a renewal of their patronage. N. B. Hacks will run constantly between the Hotel and the Springs. mayl7,'9:ly WM. DIBERT, Prop'r. LUCHASGK HOTEL, Fa HUNTINGDON, PA. This old establishment having been leased by J.MORRISON, formerly proprietor of the Mor rison House, has been entirely renovated and re furnished and supplied with all the modern im proieuients and conveniences necessary to a first class Hotel. The dining room has been removed to the first floor and is now spacious and airy, and the cham bers are all well ventilated, and the proprietor will endeavor to make his guests perfectly at home. Address, J. MORRISON, EXCHANGE HOTEL, ■•ljulytf Huntingdon, Fa. Vf AGAZINES.—The following Magasines for AVfi. gale at the Inquirer Book Store: ATLAN ?Jr,T M " NTHLY ' PUTNAM'S MONTHLY r £H?J T ' S - I) ALAXY, PETERSON, GO nfJinii^DEUOKESTS' *KANK LESLIE luVKRSifcE, tc. tic. a JOHN LUTZ, Eelitor and Proprietor. Inquirer Coin ma. ============ /pO ADVERTISERS: THE BEDFORD INQUIRER/ PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MORNING, BY JOHN LUTZ, OFFICE ON JULIANA STREET, BEDFORD, PA. THE BEST ADVERTISING MEDIUM IN j SOUTH■ WESTERN PENNSYLVANIA. CIRCULATION OVER 1500. ' HOME AND FOREIGN ADVERTISE MENTS INSERTED ON REA SONABLE TERMS. A FIRST CLASS NEWSPAPER. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION: $2.00 PER ANNUM, IN ADVANCE. JOB PRINTING: ALL KINDS OF JOB WORK DONE WITH NEATNESS AND DISPATCH, AND IN THE LATEST & MOST APPROVED STYLE, SCCHAS POSTERS OF ANY SIZE, % CIRCULARS, BUSINESS CARDS, WEDDING AND VISITING CARDS, BALL TICKETS, PROGRAMMES, CONCERT TICKETS, ORDER BOOKS, i SEGAR LABELS, RECEIPTS, LEGAL BLANKS, PHOTOGRAPHER'S CARDS, BILL nEADS, LETTER HEADS, PAMPHLKTS, PAPER BOOKS, ETC. ETC. ETC. ETC. ETC Onr facilities for doing all kinds of Job Printing are equalled by very few establishments in the country. Orders by mail promptly filled. All ' letters should he addressed to 4 JOHN LUTZ. .3 ?tccal mb tfirnrval jlrtospaprv, Drbotcti to politics, (Sburation, ftitrvatuvr anb i-Horals. Mjchforh Inquirer. ITEMS. PROF. MARSH, of Yalo College, has dis covered in the territory deposits of Nebraska the minutest fossil horse yet obtained. It is only two feet high, although full grown. | This makes the seventeenth species ol fossil horse discovered on this continent. VESSELS TO BE SOLD.—The Secretary of | the Navy has ordered the sale of three more of our unnccded war vessels at auction to the highest bidders. This is a double meas ure of retrenchment—it gives us money for paying our debts, and it stops a serious leak. The Secretary is doing well. THE er.ormcus growth of our intercourse with Europe is well evidenced by the in creased number of letters sent abroad. The exce?- thi-year over the figures of 1808 is upwards of half a million. Judging from the crowded state of all outward bound steamers, the number bids fair to increase 1 in a still greater ratio. EIGHTEEN in favor to one against is the vote of Methodist Philadelphia on the ques tion of lay delegation. Nineteen churches have been heard from so far. This great ana radical change in the ecclesiastical or ganization of the Methodist church of this country may already be considered as an accomplished fact. MEXICO.—'The nicxican papers furnish u- rather gloomy readings. Their themes are always the same—the ruinous depres- : sion of trade, tho degradation of the public credit, the prevalence of highway robberries and the menaces of anarchy, the folly of the Government, the corruption of public afiairs, and the imbecillity, indolenee, depravity and misery of everybody. THE New York State Temperance Con vention discountenances the idea of a sepa rate political organization, a large majority voting down a proposition to make nomina tion®. The two parties were requested to present candidates pledged to prohibition, with the understanding that their failure to do so would call a third ticket iuto the local field when necessary. A CORRESPONDENT of the New York Ob server says: "The King of Sweden is the most affable and approachable monarch in Europe. In his daily walks, or while going about in the public steamers that play through the waters of the city as omni buses do in New Yoik, be enters freely iuto conversation with the jtcople. And to strangers, especially Americans-, be is ex ceedingly kind—or, as his subjects would say, gracious." REFORM IN PARIS.—A very profound and wonderful reform has just begun in Paris. The principal shops—including those of nearly all the linen-drapers, hosiers, silk mercers and venders of ready-made ap parrel—will henceforth be closed on Sun days. The merchants have taken this step of their own accord, and their employees "appeal to the good will of the public to aid thein in making the measure general." When Paris enjoys a Christian Sabbath, there will be some prospect of its ceasing to be a heathen city. Tut news with regard to the condition of affairs in Georgia is very satisfactory. The reign of anarchy and crime which has been going oa in that State for the past year es pecially, will be checked by the firm and impartial hand of General Terry, who has assumed command of the Department of the South. The instructions of the Presi dent to him look towards an unbiased ex amination of (he elements of disturbance and the protection of all citizens from vio lence. There is now some hope of having much that has been mysterious cleared up. A SINGULAR DISCOVERY.—A remarka ble discovery has just been made by a man at Grenoble, France* by which it is calcula ted that cemeteries and graveyards will be superfluous. At the decease of an individ ual the body is plunged into a liquid invent ed by a man at Grenoble, aud in about five years tbe individual is turnel into stone. The secret of the petrifieati :i i- known only to the discoverer. But he goes further. He says that in a thousand years' time, if persons will only preserve their relatives and friends, they will be able to build hou ses with them, and thus live in residences surrounded by their ancestors. OPPOSITION TO REFORM.—Every great and genuine reform has to encounter an op posing mule principal. In the case of the Irish Church disestablishment, the general doukey encountered by the English Liberals is in the House of Lords. These latter de i fend the system of church barnacles, bc ; cause they are barnacles themselves. The tory organs of Ixindon arc now denouncing the church bill because it is one move more to the dangers of democracy, and all that can be retorted is that it is a step away from the stupidity of toryism. With its wonted spirit, the London Star replies to the Tories that the House of Lords is no more logical, ! desirable or excusable than the Irish I Church. These are words of omen, and raise the right issue. The general tone of the Liberal press is in like manner decided. A SAN FRANCISCO telegram says: Three Japanese families have arrived here under the auspices of a Prussian named Scbnell, an old resident of Japan, driveu therefrom in consequence of the defeat of the North ern Princes. Thirty-seven more families are also on thetr way; eighty additional in tend coming, making a total of one hundred and twenty families who propose settling permanently in this State to cultivate silk, tea, Ac. They bring many mulberry trees, tea and bamboo plants, and intend pur chasing Government land for immediate cultivation. It is not improbable that sev eral of the Northern Princes will also come and bring many more industrious families. THE Easton Argus says: " One of the most remarkable cases of longevity that have ever come under our notice is that of Peter Frutcbey, Sr., who resides near Portland, in Northampton county. Ha was ninety : three years old last January. He has nine . children living—seven tons and two daugh ! tcrs —the youngest of whom is now forty seven years old, and the oldest will be seven ;ty D"xt December. His son, William P. Frutehey, now sixty-eight years old, has a treat grandchild, the child of his daughter's daughter; bene* this child's grandmother s grandfather is living in the person of Peter ! Frutehey, Sr. BEDFORD, PA., FRIDAY, JUNE 18. 186 D. Oft Vlj. From Packard's Monthly, for Juna. ONE KISS UEFOKE WE PART. RY HOWARD GI.TKDOX. One kiss before we part! But one! for love's sweet sake I To sweeten for my heart. The pain of this mistake. Your haud is in my own, But your bead is turned away ; For the first time and the last, One little kiss, I pray I Nay ; though you love ine uot, And slab me, saying "Friend I" Nay ; though 1 be forgot Before a fortnight's end — Still, let me kiss the lips That traitors are to love— What! nothing but your hand ! And that within its glove ? Because the Past was sweet; Because you are so dear ; Because no more we meet In any future year— Be kind, and make ine glad, Just for a moment's space — Think ! I shall be so sad, And never see your face .' One kiss before we part I And so you nothing meant ? Though I he gone, your heart Will keep its old content. Nay, not your cheek—your lips I claim them as my right— Small guerdon for great love — Before we say good night. Ah I shy, uploohiug eyes I Not true —though blue and rare How dare you feign surprise To know I hold you dear ? What coyness will not yield, Yet boldness, sure, may take— Well, then ; if not for Love's, One kiss —for Friendship's sake! One kiss before we part I One little kiss, my dear I One kiss—to help my heart Its utter loss to bear. One kiss—to check the tears My manhood sc-atce can stay ; Or thus—l make it "Yes!" While you are saying '"Nay I" piSfcUimfMtf. ANNUAL REPORT of tlie Common School* ol" Bedford Co. I shall confine myself strictly to the sug- ! gestioos from the State Superintendent, a? published in the June number of the Jour nal,- in making this report, and shall first speak of Educational Progress in the Coun ty during the past year. We have repeat edly asked for more new houses, better fur- j niture, more school apparatus, more graded , schools, higher wages, and more competent teachers; but above all we have hoped for better, more thorough, local supervision, j During the year, we have realized all that j could be expected, in regard, to change in I bouses, furniture and apparatus. No change has been made in the number of our graded j schools. Those graded, have given general satisfaction. As soon as the buildiugs, now in process of erection in several parts of the county shall be completed, we shall be able to report at least an increase in the number j of graded schools. 2. Houses and Grounds. —in 1867, we built four new houses; in 1868, twelve; this j year, twenty new houses were erected, one tenth of the whole number in the County, i Of these, "wo were built in Bedford town ship, at a cost of $1807; three in Cumber- ; land Valley, at a cost of $1115; one in Hopewell, $350; one in Juniata, $400; two in Monroe, $780; two in Napier. $858; one i in West Providence, $377; one in Saxton borough, $1000; one in St. Clair, $350; two ; in Southrmpton, $676; two in Union, cost ' not ascertained; two in Middle Woodbcrry, . at a cost of $' 275. They are all substantial and comfortable i buildings. With two exceptions they oc cupy good sitc3 and have suitable play I grounds. The one built in Saxton is the best of its class in the county. It is a frame building, 42 ft. 4 in. long, 25 ft. 6 in. wide and 16 ft. 8 in. from floor to ceiling. It contains two ante-roouis for extra clothing, and the whole building can be thoroughly ventilated. The site is a beautiful one, and when the grounds ' are properly enclosed and improved, a work j the directors intend doing during the com ing year, they will be second to none in the : county. Our people are beginning to give ' more attention to school grounds. Conve nience of access, beauty of location, and suitable play ground are no longer over looked, wben a new school house is to he built. As fast as "these monuments to the carelessness or incompetency of those who placed them on the bleak hill tops, or steep mountain sides, in ruzged ravines or swam py flats," rot away, others utore favorably lo cated, take their places. The Directors of Scbcll-burg borough, have, at length, se cured a good site, and are erecting a fine brick building, for their schools. For the last three years no public school was taught here. Private schools were, however, liber ally supported. 3. Furniture and Apparatus —Twenty five houses were supplied with new and im proved furniture. Ten were supplied with apparatus. Although the Directors have, during the past three years, manifested great willingness to furnish apparatus, aud have in many paits of the county supplied all, the means of the districts would warrant, yet there is room, need, for more. We j want better black boards iu many of the schools. Charts and outline maps arc need- : cd in others. It is true, teachers do not always use the : apparatus at tbeir command—some men would not cut wood though you placed an ax in their hands—jet most of our teachers are ready and willing to use apparatus to | some good purpose, if it is supplied them. The teacher who, about the middle of his last term, had not yet brought the out-line maps from a near neighbor's honse to the school room, and who had "no time," to go and procure cravon, although he had a large class in Geography and Arithmetic, does not belong to this latter c'ass. 4. Qualifications and Salaries of Teach• . ces. —Two hundred and three teachers were ! employed, one hundred and forty males and sixty-thioe females. Some change has been mcd-r in the average qualification, j Last year the average grade of certificates j was 2.29. This year it was 2.27. If we ! were guided by tbeaefigqrcs alone we should , s>y there was no change. But when we look at the improvement in the methods of instruction; at the zeal many manifested in their work; at the increased number of educational books and papers read; at the al tendance at cur couuty and district insti. tutes; at the increased amount of general information, our teachers have acquired, we must conclude that they, to dav, stand higher in their profession than they did cue year ago. The dead ones are nearer their graves, the live ones are more alive. Wages : are about what they were one year ago, nor was it rersonable to expect a change, when we recollect that last year, wages were in creased in almost every district, over that of the preceding year. See report of 1868. In not a few instances, however, where teachers showed the true spirit, have their wages been advanced. Taking nil things into consideration, the age, experience and qualification of the teachers; tho sparseness of our population and sterility of soil in many sections of the county, and the conse quent high rate of taxation, necessary to keep open the schools lor a minimum term even, wages have been as high as could be asked. A few teachers did not receive sufficient compensation, some received too much, j Our most expensive teachers are those who \ receive the smallest salary. Seven seems to be a fatal number among ! the teachers of our county. Each year, for ; the three part, that number have pioved | "total failures." Out of the whole number employed, one hundred and forty had at tended a County Normal School; twelve, a State Normal, and one hundred and ninety I five had studied some educational work. Ol j this number, however, we found, upon ex- ! animation, tjiat many had studied to little , purpose. Fifty one had never taught;; eighty-seven had taught less than one year j and sixty nine had taught more than live ! years. 5. HorA- done by the Superintendent.— Examinations. — Twenty-four public and four private examinations were held. One hundred and ninety-eight provisional, and five professional certificates were issued. Twenty-two applicants were rejected and six certificates were renewed. Eighty-four directors and one hundred and thirty-four citizens were present at the examinations. Tho applicants in Monroe and South Wood berry passed the most credible examina nation. Visitations. —Two hundred and twenty two visits to schools were made. All were visited, except eight. These were not open when the other schools in the vicinity were visited, hence they were not reached. Th'- visits averaged 1.84 hours. Thirty-four directors accompanied me. I met ninety nine patrons in the schools. In nine of the districts I had neither patron nor director to visit with me, and in a few only, were the schools visited by directors as the law requires. Nine Secretaries acted as district Superintendents, with very satisfactory re sults in every instance. Educational Meetings. —l held twenty five educatioual meetings, attended five district, and three county institutes and taught ten weeks in the County Normal School. 6. Work done by other Agencies. —Our private schools are still doing good Wuik. Thirty-eight were open during the year, employing forty-two teachers. Twelve hundred aud nineteen children attended these schools. Cost of tuition $6555. The County Normal School, employing five teachers was again liberally supported One hundred and thirty-one students at tended. ninety-six of whom taught during the winter. This school was first opened in August, 1863. Then many of our best teachers had already gone into the army, or had engaged in some other more lucrative occupation. After a vigorous effort on the part of the Superintendent, then in office, eighty-four students were obtained. Sixty three of them taught during winter of 1863 and 1864. Since that time the school has been stcadilv increasing, numbering at no lime less than one hundred and thirty stu dents. ft has had, and still has its enemies, among those who, though ignorance be lieve that the county Superintendent is making a fortune out of it. To such it may be well to state that the income from the Normal during the last year was, after de ducting tuition uot collectable, $723, and the expenses, salary for teacher.?, advertis ing See., $756 ; leaving $33, to be paid out of the Superintendent's pocket. This is about what ilie school pays the Superinten dent annually. The only object in view when the County Normal School was begun, and the only one now in view, was to bring out the young men and women of the coun ty, who were willing to qualify themselves io teach. We wanted teachers. Teachers qualified fl>r the Work. The Normal has in a measure supplied that want. But for it many schools must have remained closed. We cannot here, help thanking the friends of education all over the county, who have always aided us in keeping this school open, who have aided us in getting out the young men and women from our public schools to tbe Norma', and who have encouraged us in every way. Institutes. —Chief among the other edu cational agencies iu the county arc the dis trict and county institutes. <.)fhe t rmcr we had sis, attended by fifty-eight it chcrs; all of these except one, did good work. 'I he great want felt iu all of them was the pres ence of tome experienced conductor. One leading spirit in each district, competent to carry an institute through all its struggles, is what we need; one who will teneh the younger, the less experienced. The county institute was, in number of teachers attending, and in general interest, more successful than the one he'd last year. The principal instructors and lecturers, were Prof. H. B. Zimmerman, Ex Superintend ent of Juniata Co., Prof. It. A. McClure of Chambersburg, Prof. A. Stevens, of Pitts burg, Prof. J. M. Reynolds, of Lancaster, Donald St. (jreorgo Eraser, of North Point, and Miss F. M. llaley, of Boston. The whole work done by the convention, was of a practical character. The I'ex*. —The papeis of the county, TUE BEDFORD INQUIRER, The Bedford Gazette and The Bedford County I'rcst, have taken more interest in educational mat ters, than heretofore, publi-hing editorial notices of the Normal scheo'; full accounts of the proceedings of the teachers institute; annual report of the county superintendent, and other matter relating to education. The Clerffy.—Tvro years ago we had a sermon on education, from the Presbyterian pulpit, Bedford Pa., - since then the clergy have remained silent on the subject "VThy this is, Ido not know. It is a fact we can not deny, that our ministers, seldom, if ever visit our schools. In vain we curt our eyes down the list of "visitors," in the teacher's report book, for the name of the clergyman residing in the district. It is not there. Have the teachers neglected to note the visits? Surely the clergy, above all others, should have the highest interest in the suc cess of our public schools. The boys and cirls will soon grow up to be men and wo men. They are to be the future "stay and support of the church. Would it not well, then, for our Ministers to call at our schools occasionally, to cheer on the teacher, j to encourage the scholar? There is too much of this "standing back" on the part of those, who, if they would but conic for ward, could be of powerful aid in this work. Schools. —Ol the whole number of schools j open, twelve arc graded; one hundred and | seventy-nine were well classified; in one ! hundred and eighty-one the books were uni form, and the Dible was daily read, either by the teacher, or by the scholars and teach er in one hundred and fifty nine. There arc stiil twenty-two schools in which the books are not uniform. The directors of these have decided upon a uniform series of books, but their exclusive use has never been enforced. Every teacher knows how the usefulness of the school is impaired by this ruinous policy. It might be sound policy to withhold the | .State aid bom such schools, until the direc tors thereof comply with the law in this particular. The law is plain, and the wis dom in it so manifest that no intelligent ! board should hesitate one moment inful : filling it to the letter. Obstacles in the way of improvement.— Few new obstacles have presented them selves during the year. Those most in the way, and the means calculated to promote improvement. I referred to at some lengtn, in my last report, to which the reader may turn. "We must have more efficient local sup ervision," is the cry we hear every where. But how is this to be brought about. In my judgment there is but one way : elect three men for each district —the best men in the district. Let these form a board, President, Secretary, and Treasurer: select from auioDg these the one possessing the most knowledge of schools, as district Su perintendent, whose duty it shall be to visit the schools regularly, at least once a month. Pay the board for every day actually en gaged in transacting the business of the district. Make them sworn officers. This subject has been agitated again and again, in our conventions, and it seems about time that we bave some legislation on it. If directors, as they are now elected, would carry out the laws strictly, and if parents would look to the interest of their children: supply them with proper books, see that they make good use of them, send them regularly to school, uphold the teach er, encourage him by their visits and kind words, most of the obstacles in the way of improvement would disappear. But this is rarely done. Directors arc uot paid for tbeir services, and tbev frequently do the least possible amount of work. Not receiving any pay themselves they often feel illiberal when teachers are to be employed ; net receiving any pay, when the Superintendent calls on them to vi.-it schools with him, he often hears the excuse, "it won't pay me to ride through the stonn." I am more than ever convinced that many teachers fail because the schools arc not visited oftcner by some efficient officer. The Superintendent can at most, in a coun ty like this, visit all the schools only once, in a term of four months. Many schools must, therefore, remain unvisited until the third month. The teacher makes mistake after mistake, until the time arrives when the Superintendent reaches the school. He finds it a failure which might have been prevented had the school been visited in the first montb. Concluding Remarks. —l take this op portunity of thanking my many friends, throughout the county for their many kind nesses toward me during the past three years. To the Department I atu sensibly indebted for the unny words of advice and the promptness with which they have al ways answered when called upon. I thank each and all and wish themabnndant sac cess. 11. W. FISHER, County Supt. THE SUNDAY STONE. In one of the English coal mine 3 there is a constant formation of limestone, caused by the trickling of water through the rocks. This water contains a great many particles of lime, which arc deposited in the mine, and, as the water passes off, these become hard, and form limestone. This stone would always be white, like marble, were it not that men are working in the mine, and as the black dust rises from the coal, it mixes with the soft lime, and in that way a black stone is formed. Now, in the nightf wben there is no coal dust rising, the stone is white; then again, tbe next day, when the miners arc at work, another black layer is formed, and so on alternately, black and white, through the week, until Sunday comes. Then, if the miners keep holy tho Sabbath, a much lar ger layer of white stone will be formed than before. There will be the white stone of Saturday night, and the whole of Sunday, so that every seventh day the white layer will be about three times as thick as any of the others. But if they work on the Sab bath, they see it marked against them iD the stone. Hence the miners call it "The Sun day Stone." Perhaps, many who now break the Sab bath, would try to spend it better if there were a "Sunday Stone" where they could tf, their unkept Sabbaths with their black marla. But God needs no such record on earth to know how all our Sabbaths are spent. Ilis record is kept above. All our Sabbath deeds are written there, and we shall see them at the last. Be very careful to keep your Sabbath pure and white, and not allow the dust of worldliness and sin to tarnish the purity of the blessed day. "Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy."— Christian Treasury. WHY is the inside of everything unin telligible ? Because we can't make it out. WHAT is the only pain we make light of? A window-pane. MONET—the "root of all evil," to those who spend their liyee rooting for it. VOL. 42: NO. 24 LARtiG EVES. Large eyes have always been admired, es pecially in women, and may be considered essential to the highest order of beauty, in almost every description of which from Helen ol Troy to any modern heroine, tbey held a prominent place. We read of "large spiritual eyes," and' eyes loving large,' and of 'little sparkling, beady eyes,' to which the epithets 'spiritual' and 'loving' are never applied. An Arab expresses bis idea of the beauty of a woman by saying 6hc had the eye of a gazelle. This is the burden of his song- The timidity, gentleness, and innocent fear in the eye of the 'deer' are compared with the moJesty of the young girl: 'Let her be as the loving hind and the pleasant roe." l'ersons with large eyes give us the im pression of being'ido awake,' ami ready for action; while small eyed people have more generally a 'sleepy look' and a sluggish temperament or habit of body. Dr. Red field observes, that persons with large eyes have very lively emotions, think very rap idly and speak fast, unless there be a pre douiinence of the phlegmatic temperament. Of persons with small eyes the reverse is true. Ihe former are quick and spontaneous in their feelings and in the expression of them, and arc therefore, simple, like the Scotch, Swiss aud all who inhabit moun tainous regions. The latter are slow and calculating, and therefore, artful like the gipsies, a people who generally inhabit level countries. There is a connection be tween activity and the ascending and de scending acclivities, a fact which we evince in running up and down stairs, and which an active horse exhibits when he comes to a hill; and hence the Scotch, Highlanders, as well as the sheep, goat, chamois, &c., have very large eyes and very great activity. TWO MEALS A DAY, If any man or woman of forty-five or over, not engaged in bard natural labor, especially the studious, sedentary and in door livers, would take but two meals a day for one month, the second not being later than three in the afternoon, and absolutely noth* ing afterwards, except it might be in some cases an orange or lemon, or cup of warm drink, such as tea, broma, sugar water, or ice cream, there would be such a change for the better in the way of souDd sleep, a feel, ing on wakiDg of having rested, an appetite for breakfast, a Luoyance oi disposition dur ing the day, with a geniality of temper and manner that few, except the animal and the glutton, would be willing to go back to the flesh pots of Egypt. "Ben Ward," as he is frequently called, one of the political lions of the west, has ta ken but two meals a day for twenty years, and if all sedentary persons, those who are in door a greater part of their time, would after the age of forty five observe the same inflexible rule, there can be no doubt, other things being equal, that long years of happy exemption from the ordinary ills of life would be the result, The reason is that the stomach would have time to rest, for recu peration, and would thus be able to perform its part more thoroughly, making purer blood, giving better sleep and securing a good appetite for breakfast. Let any man try it for ten days, taking the second meal seven hours after the first, and abandon the practice if he can.— HcilTs Journal of Health. ORIGIN. —It is only shallow-minded pre tenders, says Daniel Webster, who make distinguished origin a matter of personal merit, or obscure origin a matter of per sonal reproach. A man who is not ashamed of himself need not to be ashamed of his early condition. It did happen to me to be born in a log cabin, raised among the snow drifts of New Hampshire, at a period so early that when the smoke first rose from its rude chimney and curled over the frozen hills, there was no similar evidence of a white man's habitation between it and the settlements on the rivers of Canada. i re mains still exist. I make it an annual visit. I carry my children to it to teach them the hardships endured by the generation before them. I love to dwell on the tender recollec tions, the kindred ties, the early affections and the narration aDd incidents which min gle with all I know of this family abode. I weep to think that none of those who in habited it are now among the living; and if ever I fail-in affectionate veneration for him who raised it, and defended it against savage violence and destruction, cherished all do mestic comforts beneath its roof, and, through the fire and blood of seven years revolutionary war, shrunk from no toil, no sacrifice to serve his country, and to raise his ehildreh to a condition better than his own, may my name and the name of my posterity be blotted from the memory of mankind. A -REMARKABLE ENCOUNTER.—A re markable, though plausible story comes from Bodega Bay, California, of a terrific battle between a sperm whale and a number of swordfisb, which resulted in the defeat of the whale. The fight was witnessed by a farmer ploughing in his field near the coast, only a few miles north of the "Golden Gate." The sea was smooth, and the first indication of the conflict was a commotion in the water nearly a mile from the shore, but as the combatants rapidly approached the land, their movements became distinctly visible. The swordfish were five in number; the whale, though displaying great activi ty, was no match for them. In making their thrusts into the sides of the whale, the swordfish kept clear of his tail, one blow from which would have been fatal to either of them. With maddened fury the whale struck right and left, then dived to escajie his tormentors; but they followed quickly, and soon brought him to the surface. Blood was seen spirting from deep gashes in his sides. The contest lasted nearly one hour, when the whale with a mighty effort flung himself upon some low rocks and soon died. Many persons from the neighboring village of Peteluma went out to view the carcass. It was fifty or sixty feet in length, and there were gashes two feet deep and six feet long in its sides. MOTTO of market gardncrs: "Let us have peas." WHEN is a toper's nose not a nose? When it is a little reddish. LAWS, like sausages, cease to inspire res pect in proportion as we know how they are made. MANY young men are so improvident that they cannot keep anything but late hour*. SUBSCRIPTION TERMS, &C. The Ixecrax* it published eitry FXIDAT morn ing be following rates: Ose Tcab, (in adr&cee,).... $2.00 " " (if not paid within sixmos.)... 12.50 " " (if not paid within the year,)... $3.00 All papers ontside of the coonty ducontinoed without notice, at the expiration of the time for which the subacripticn has been paid. Single oopies of the paper furnished, in wrappers, at fire cents each. Communications or subjects of loeal or general nterest, are respectfully solicited. To ensure at tention faTors of this kind must invariably be accompanied by the mime of the author, not for publication, but ae a guaranty against imposition. All letters pertaining to bnsinesa of the office should be addressed to JOHN IAJTZ, BsuroßD, PA. SERMON TO YOUNG MEN.—YOU are the architects of your own fortunes. Rely upon your own strength of body and soul. Take for your motto self-reliance, honesty and industry; for your star, faith, perseverence and pluck, and inscribe on your banner, "Be just, and fear not." Don't take too much advice; keep at the helm and steer your own ship. Strike out. Think well of your self. Fire above the mark you intend to hit. Assume your position. Energy, invincible determination, with a right motive, are the levers that rule the world. The great art of commanding is to take a fair share of the work. Civility costs DOthing and buys everything. Don't drink; swear; don't gamble; don't steal; doD't de ceive; don't tattle. Be polite; be generous; be kind. Study bard, play bard. Bo in earnest. Be self-reliant. Read good bookr. Love your fellow men as your God; love your country and obey the laws; love truth; love virtue. Always do what your con science tells you to be a duty, and leave the consequence with God. MANNERS.—There is nothing which adds so much to a young man's suocess in life — next to honesty of purpose—as the practice of good breeding wherever he goes—on the sidewalks, in the buggy; as well as in your parlor. If you meet a man who refuses to give you half the road, or to turn out on the sidewalk, you may class him as a man with no sense of justice in hie soul. When we speak of polite men we do not wish to be understood as referring to one who bows low and takes off his hai, to ladies and men of position, and turns away from the poor man; but we mean the honest face—the man who always carries a smile on his countenance, and who never turns his face away from the poor; we mean the man who has a kind salutation when he meets you in the morning, and a pleasant "good night" in the evening; a man whose face is always void of offence. Such a man is bound to succeed—such a one will find friends. Young men' be polite. AIMLESS EDUCATION.—Here is the rich man's son who has been educated at great expense and pains, and who has graduated from college, and has come out a gentleman, lie has studied not with a view to fitting hirasell for any avocation in life, but with a view of being a gentleman. He reads not for the sake of knowing anything, but for the sake of being a gentleman. Soon his father breaks down, and he, when he is about twenty-five years old, finds himself a poor man's son and dependent on hia own exertions. And he says to himself, "What shall I do for a living?" He asks his feet, and his feet say, "I do not know." He asks his head, and it says, "I never learned anything about a living." There is but one man that can befriend this poor wretch, and that is the sexton. Conld anything be more useless than such a person ? Can there be anything more pitiable than such histories? And yet they are happening every day. AMERICAN ARCHITECTURE. —At present we have no architecture: we build well, and our streets show elegant and commodious dwellings, costly and elaborate churches, solid looking bauks, plain and useful public schools, gorgeous hotels, and warehouses of every style ; but we look in vain for the ex pression of an original idea—for the success ful working out of a distinct purpose. We have buildings in every imaginable exag geration of bad taste and with every possi ble confusion of rule, order, and styie—ag gravatingly pretensions and provokingly des titute of architectural fitness. A Greek temple stand for a custom-house, a college, or a bank ; a prison is represented by a Nor man keep or an Egyptian temple ; a court house resembles a barn or factory; and so most of our public buildings might be inter changed without sacrifice of or detriment to any rule of architectural propriety or acthe tic feeling. From an Article on EXPRES SION IN ART, in Lippincott's Magazine for June. CLEANLINESS. —A neat, clean, fresh aired, sweet, cheerful, well arranged house exerts a moral as well as a physical in fluence over its inmates, and makes the members of a family peaceable and con siderate of each others feelings and hap piness. The connection is obvious between the state of mind thus produced, and habits of respect for others, and for those high duties and obligations which no laws can enforce. On the contrary, a filthy, squalid, noxious dwelling in which none of the de cencies of life can be observed, contributes to make its inhabitants selfish, sensual, and regardless of the feelings of others. And the constant indulgence of such passions renders them reckless and brutal; and the transition is natural to propensities and hab its incompatible with a respect for the prop erty of others or for the laws. N. Y Inde pendent. PASTE THIS IN YOUR HAT.— Pay your debts as soon as you get the money in your pocket. Do without what you don't need. Speak your mind when necessary. Hold your tongue when prudent. Speak to a friend in a seedy coat. If you can't lend a man money tell him why. If you don't want to, do the same. Cut acquaintances who lack principle. Bear with infirmities but not wiih vices. Respeet honesty, de spise duplicity. Wear your old clothes till you can pay for new ones. Aim at comfort and propriety, not fashion. Acknowledge your ignorance, and don't pretend knowl edge you havn't got. Entertain your friends, but never beyond your means. THE farm and burial-ground of Wash ington is being surrounded by Northern farmers. Even capital obeys the impulses of patriotism, and loves to nestle near the shades of Vernon. A cordon of loyal en terprise drawn around those sacred retreats will protcet them from the devastations which have been quite too common. GOOD BREEDING is the result of much good sense, some good nature, end a little self denial, for the sake of others, and with a view to obtain the same indulgence from them.— Chesterfield. WHEN the trumpter was desired to play louder he replied: "You say 'louder, loud er,' but varish do vind?" .MANY a good kiss has been Dipped in the bud by a four-year-old nuisance bringing a light into the room. A SPEECH not intended for pjqfejwdMt* -cut and come agaio,