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All advertisements for less than 3 months U cents per line for each insertion. Specia 1 notices one-half additional. Ali resolutions of Associa tions, communications of a limited or individal interest and notices of marriages and deaths, ex ceeding five lines, 10 cts. per line. All legal noti ces of every kind, and all Orphans' Court and other Judicial sales, are required by law to be pub lished in both papers. Editorial Notices 15 cents per line. All Advertising due afterfirst insertion. A liberal discount made to yearly advertisers. 3 monts. <1 months. 1 year One square % 4.50 $ 5.00 SIO.OO Twe squares 5.00 9.00 15.80 Three squares 8.85 12.00 20.00 One-fourth c01umn..... 14.00 20.00 35.00 Half c01umn....... 18.00 25.00 45.00 One c01umn..... 30.00 45.00 • 80.00 Nbwspapkb Laws. —We would call the special attention of Post Masters and subscribers to the Enquirer to the following synopsis of the News paper laws: 1. A Postmaster is required to give notice by .. tier, (returning a paper does not answer the law) when a subscriber does not take his paper out of the office, and state the reasons tor its not being taken; and a neglect to do so makes the Postmas ter reponfif to the publishers for the payment. 2. Any person who takes a paper from tbuPust office, whether directed to his name or another, or whether he has subscribed or not is responsible for the pay. 3. If a pcrso:i orders his paper discontinued, he must pay all arrearages, or the publisher may continue to send it until payment is made, and ollect the whole amount, icAetA-r it be taken from the office or not. There can be no legal discontin uance until thq,payment is made. 4. If the subscriber orders his paper to be stopped at a certain time, and the publisher con ■ tinues to send, the subscriber is bound to pay for it, if he takee it out of the Poet Office. The law proceeds upon tho ground that a man must pay Cor what he uses. 5. The courts have decided that refusing to take newspapers and periodicals from the Post office, or removing and having them uncalted for, is prima facia evidence of intentional fraud. grofosstiwai & $8518*55 <s**4s. ATTORNEYS AT LAW. AND LINGENFELTER, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, CEOFURD, PA. Have formed a partnership in the practice of the Law, in'new brick building near the Lutheran Church. [April 1, 1869-tf TYJ. A. POINTS, ATTORNEY AT LAW, B*nroßD, Pa. Respectfully tenders his professional services T o the public. Office with J. W. Lingcnfe'ter, Esq., on Public Square near Lutheran Church. _s3B~t'ollections promptly made. [April,l'69-tf. INSPY' M. ALSIP, Li ATTORNEY AT LAW, Bedford, Pa., Will faithfully and promptly attend to all busi ness entrusted to his care in Bedford and adjoin ng counties. Military claims, Pensions, back pay, Bounty, Ac. speedily collected. Office with Mann A Spang, on Juliana street, 2 doors south of the Mengel House. apl 1, 1869.—tf. T R. DURBORROW, FJ . ATTORNEY AT LAW, BERFORD, PA., Will attend promptly to all business intrusted to his care. Collections made on the shortest no tice. He w, also, a regularly licensed Claim Agont and all give special attention to the prosecution ■ .'.lisa against the Government for Pensions, : Back I ay, Bounty, Bounty Lands, Ac. Office on Juliana street, one door South of the j Inquirer office, and nearly opposite the'Mengel House" April 1,1809:tf 8. L. RUSSELL. i. H. LOKGIINF.CKER RCSSELL A LONGENECKER, Attorsrys A Counsellors at Law, Bedford, Pa., Will attend promptly and faithfully to all busi ness entrusted to their care. Special attention given to collections and the prosecution of claims for Back Pay, Bounty, Pensions, Ac. Office on Juliana street, south of the Court House. Apri !:69:lyr. | i~ M'P. SHARPS E. F. KERR j SHARPS A KERR. • A TTOIIME YS-A T-LA IK. Will practice in the Court* of Bedford and ad- j joining counties. All busines entrusted to their j care will receive carefnl and prompt attention. : Pensions, Bounty, Back Pay, Ac., speedily col- j looted from the Government. Office on Juliana street, opposite the banking ; house of Reed A Schell. Bedford, Pa. Apr l;G9:tf j (' .<CHAEFFER ATTORNEY AT LAW, Bedford, Pa., Office with J. W. Dickersou Esq.. 2.3aprly PHYSICIANS. OR. U. F. HARRY, Ttespeetfully tenders his professional ser vices to the citiiens of Bedford and vicinity. Office an i residence on Pitt Street, ic the building formerly occupied by Dr. J. H. Hofius. [Ap'l 1,69. MISCELLANEOUS. OE. SHANNON, BANKER. . BEDFORD, PA. BANK OP DISCOUNT AND DEPOSIT. Collections made for the East, West. North and : South, and the general business of Exchange J transacted. Notes and Accounts Collected and | Remittances promptly made. REAL ESTATE j bought and soid. April 1:69 DANIEL BORDER, PITT STREET, TWO DOORS WEST OF THE BED FORD HOTEL, BEIFORD, PA. WATCHMAKER AND DEALER IN JEWEL RY. SPECTACLES. AC. He keeps on hand a stock of fine Gold and Sil ver Watches, Spectacles of Brilliant Doable Refin ed Glasses, also Scotch Pebble Glasses. Gold Watch Chains, Breast Pins, Finger Rings, best quality of Gold Pens. He will supply to order any thing in his line not OD hand. [apr.2B,'6s. Dw. crouseT • DEALER IN CIGARS, TOBACCO, PIPES, AC. On Pitt street one door east of Geo. R. Oster A Co.'s Store, Bedford, Pa., is now prepared to sell by wholesale all kinds of CIGARS. All orders promptly filled. Persons desiring anything ! in his tine will do well to give him a call. Bedford April 1. '69., / I N. II IC KO K , V/. DENTIST. Office at the old stand in BAXK BLILDIXG, Juliana St., BEDFORD. All operations pertaining to Surgical and Mechanical Dentistry performed with care and WARRANTED. Antithetic* adminitiered, when desired. Ar tificial teeth inserted at, per set, |80O and up. ward. As I am deteimined to do a CASII BUSINESS or none, I have reduced the prices for Artificial Teeth of the various kinds, 20 per cent., and of Gold Fillings S3 per cent. This redaction will be made only to strictly Ca*h Patten t, and all such will receive prompt attention. 7feb6B ASHINGTON HOTEL. This large anil commodious house, haring been re-taken by the subscriber, is no*- open for the re ception of visitors and boarders. The rooms are large, well ventilated, and comfortably furnished. The table will always be supplied with the best the u arket can afford. The Bar is stocked with the choicest liquors. In short, it is mv purpose to keep a FIRST-CLASS HOTEL. Thanking the public for past favors, I respectfully solicit a renewal of their patronage. N B. Hacks will run constantly between the Hotel and the Springs. mayl7,'9:ly WM. DIBERT, Prop'r. LUCHANOE HOTEL, i t HUNTINGDON, PA. This old establishment having been leased by J.MORRISON, formerly proprietor of the Mor rison House, has been entirely renovated and re furnished and applied with all the modern im provements and conveniences necessary to a first class Hotel. The dining room has been removed to the first floor and is now spacious and airy, and the cham bers are all well ventilated, an J the proprietor will endeavor to make his guests perfectly at home. Address, J. MORRISON, EXCHAXGR HoTKh, Jljulytf Huntingdon, Pa. MAGAZINES. —The following Magasine* for sale at the Inquirer Book Store: ATLAN TIC MONTHLY, PUTNAM'S MONTHLY UPPINCOTT'S. GALAXY, PETERSON, GO - MD'M. DKMORF.STS, FR/NK LESLIE RIVERSIDE, etc. etc. ft .u.ai ' ; -- ■ JOHN L.UTZ, Editor and Proprietor. | gnqmrn Column. —_ _ JRJRO ADVERTISERS; 1 THE BEDFORD INQUIRER. PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MORNING, BY JOHN LUTZ, OFFICE ON JULIAS A STREET, BEDFORD, PA. THE BEST ADVERTISING MEDIUM IN SOUTH- WESTERN PENNSYL VANIA. CIRCULATION OVER 1500. HOME AND FOREIGN ADVERTISE MENTS INSERTED ON REA SONABLE TERMS. A FIRST CLASS NEWSPAPER. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION: $2.00 PER ANNUM, IN ADVANCE. JOB PRINTING: .ALL KINDS OF JOB WORK DONE WITH NEATNESS AND DISPATCH, AND IN THE LATEST & MOST APPROVED STYLE, SUCH AS POSTERS OF ANY" SIZE, CIRCULARS, BUSINESS CARDS, WEDDING AND VISITING CARDS, BALL TICKETS, PROGRAMMES, CONCERT TICKETS, ORDER BOOKS, SEGAR LABELS, RECEIPTS, LEGAL BLANKS, PHOTOGRAPHER'S CARDS, BILL HEADS, LETTER HEADS, PAMPHLETS, . PAPER BOOKS, ETC. ETC. ETC. ETC. ETC Oar facilities far doing all kinds of Job Printing are equalled by very few establishments in the country. Orders by ma.il promptly filled. All letters should be addressed to JOHN LUTZ. 3 Jloral anfo (Urnrral jlrtospaprr, Brbotcti to SMcs, Objuration, literature ant) i#orals. Bebforbfnqmra. ITEMS. THE snow is still two feet deep in Maine. J'lorida has abundance of ripe peaches. TnE cable does a business of £645 per j day- THE orange crops of Florida will be very i large. SAII,OU collars are the now fashion for la- I dies. | Americans are crowding Jerusalem this i season. | THERE is but one licensed hotel in Tioga j county. IN Atlanta there is a woman who weighs 728 pounds. Mr. Peabody has expended in gifts seven million dollars. A New York hotel is being erected at a cost of $2,(8X1,000. One-eighth of the whole population of the globe is military. THERE are 3042 ianguages spoken and 1000 different religions in the world. Twenty four persons have disappeared mysteriously from New York in the last two weeks. Kansas City has a young lady somnam bulist, who takes midnight drives iu her night clothes. IN Salt Lake persons are fined ten dol lars for being drunk, and twenty dollais for profanity. Good. A gentleman died in Chicago last week leaving life insurance policies to the amount of $150,000. Ggd. Hamilton, in his canvass for the Governorship of Texas, declares that if elect ed he will never pardon a fairly eonvicted criminal. QUEEN CHRISTINA having returned to Paris, the happy family of Spanish Bour bons is at present in full feather at the French capital. Christina is rich enough to buy out all the planters of Cuba, but she displays a remarkable energy in retaining the mony which she took away from Spain. THE ENGLISH PAPERS are making fun of "Bull Bun Russell's" letters descriptive of the Prince of Wales' tour in Egypt. In one of them he says; "As there were no other asses to be found, the Duke of South erland, Colonel Truesdale, Colonel Mar shall and myself were obliged to trudge on foot." THE VICE PRESIDENT having telegraphed to San Francisco that she, the said San Francisco, was now united to the East by ties that.'can never be destroyed. A California paper begs leave to correct. It Schuyler that green Cottonwood ties are quite destructible. Tally one for the Pacific slope. RALPH WALDO EMERSON thinks that if woman is to vote, she must have a decent place to deposit her vote. "The State," he" says, "must build houses instead of dirty rooms and corner shops; the State must build palaces and halls in which women can depo3ite their votes in the presence of their sons, and brothers, and fathers. The effect of that reform upon the general voflng of the State all can feel." A NARROW ESCAPE.—At New Haven, last week, as it little girl three years old was looking out of a window of a third story house she lost her balance and fell. Quite a number of persons saw her fall and expect ed that she would be dashed in pieces on the pavement below. But," very fortunate ly, the loop of the child's shoe string caught upon the blind fastener, and she hung in that position until a man who saw her frightful condition could run from the street upstairs and take her in. It was a very narrow escape from instant death. Bocour SOME REAI, ESTATE.—The smallest lot on record, and the most extravagant one, was sold in New Y'ork city lately. The im provements on Portland street were to cut through a corner lot, perhaps half its depth, and the man who owned the next lot thought it would be a fair chance to widen his own by buying the remainder. He asked the owner what he would sell the margin for, whatever it might be when the street was carried through. One hundred dollars was asked and paid, and the purchaser was delighted with the thought of his bargain. When the improvements were finished, the lot was ex actly three inches wide and thirty long. AT the late meeting of the Presbytery, when the subject of Scripture was under discussion, Brother W. said early in his ministry he and another brother were con ducting a meeting in which there was much religious interest. An old man gave ex pression to his joy by shouting, and contin ued it until it began to interrupt the ser vices. Brother H. said to Brother W., "Go stop that old man's noise." He went to him and spoke a few words, and the shouting man at once became quiet. Broth cr . asked Brother 11., "What did you say to the old man that quieted him so promptly ?" Brother H. replied, " Indeed him for a dollar for forcir/n mixtions.'' ANNA DICKINSON, in her "spread" on "Nothing Unreasonable," says that politics to-d&y means an indecent scramble for office, where every ntan is for himself, and the devil takes the hindmost. As for the fore most, they arc already safe in his hands. All this would imply a virtuous disinclina tion to office on the part of the disfranchised Anna, did she not assure us in the very next breath that she herself expects to be a member of Congress in ten years. Gentle Annie seems very desirous, if any "inde cent scrambles" are going on, to take part in them. She should remember that if she is "hindmost" in the scramble the devil will take her, and if she is fitted to be fore most therein, then she is already "safe in his hands." A NEW ORLEANS paper describes a per son who, during the day, wanders aimlessly about the streets of that city and has done so for many years. No one knew what bis business was or bow he lived. The writer of the article which speaks of him says that the other morning be happened to go out quite early and found that this man earned his living in a singular, but very suggestive way. He was neither chiifonnier nor thief, but amused himself by walking out early in the morning and picking up every cigar stump and- quid of tobacco that he could find, and dropping them into a dirty satch el. "What does he do with these old sol diers? Evidently he fands purchasers, but what disposition is made of the refuse by his employers? Cigarettes?" BEDFORD, PA., FRIfiY, JULY 2- 1869. BETTER LATE THAN NEVER Life is a race, where some succeed, While others are begining: 'Tis luck, at times, at others speed That gives an early wishing. But if you chance to fall behind, Ne'er slacken your endeavor; Just keep this wholesome truth in mind, 'Ti* better late than never. If you keep ahead, 'tis well, But never trip your neighbor: 'Tis noble when you can excel, By honest patient labor. But if you are outstripped at last, Press on. as bold as ever; Remember, though you are surpassed, 'Tis better late than never. Ne'er labor for au idle boast Of victory o'er another; But, while you strive your uttermost, Deal fairly with a brother. What'er your station, do your best, And hold your purpose ever ; * And, if you fail to beat the rest, 'Tis better late than never. Choose well the path in which you run, Succeed by noble daring ; Iben though the la3t, when once 'tis won, Y'our crown is worth the wearing. Then never fret if left behind, Nor slackeu your eudeavor ; But evtr keep this truth in mind 'Tis better late than never. Yet, would you cure this sad defect, Repining's unavailing ; Begin, at once, and now correct Tbis very common failing. This day resolve, this very hour, Nor e'en a moment wait; Go make this better maxim yours— 'Tis better never late. pimliauMUig. THE FIRST THOUSAND DOLLARS. BY REV SAME EL T. SL'EAR, D. D. The first thousand dollars that a young man, after going out into the world to act for himself, earns and saves will generally sctile the question of business life with hint. There may be exceptions to this statement; yet, for a rule, wc think that it will hold true. The first condition is that the young man actually earns the thousand dollers in ques tion. lie does not inherit this sum. It does not eomc to him by a streak of good luck, as the result of a fortunate venture in the purchase and sale of a hundred shares of stock. It is the fruit of personal indus try. He-gives his time and his labor for it. While he is thus earning and saving it, he must earn two or three, or perhaps four times as much to pay his current expenses. He is consequently held sternly to the task of industry for a very considerable period. The direct consequence to him is a steady, continuous and solid discipline in the habits of industry, in patient, persistent forecast ing and self-denying effort, breaking up all the tendencies to indolence and frivolty, and making him an earnest and watchfu economist of time. He not only learns how to work, but he also acquires the love of work; and, moreover, he learns the value of the sum which he has thus saved out of his earnings. He has toiled for it; he has observed its slow increase from time to time; and in his estimate it represents so many months or years of practical labor. His ideas of life are shaped by his own ex perience. Tlicse natural effects of earning the first thousand dollars we hold to be very large benefits. They are just the qualities of mind and body which arc most likelv to secure business success in after years. They constitute the best practical education which a man can have as a worker in thi • working world. They are gained in sea son for life's purposes; at the opening period, just when they are wanted, when foolish notions are most likely to mislead an inexperienced brain, and when, too, there is a full opportunity for their expan sion and development in later years. Men have but one life to live; and hence they start from opening manhood but once. And the manner in which they start, the principles with which they start, the pur poses they have in view, and the habits they form, will ordinarily determine the en tire sequel of their career on earth. To succeed, uien must have the elements of success in themselves. One great reason why there arc so many useless, inefficient and poverty stricken men on earth—or, rather, boys seeming to be men—consists in the simple fact that they did not start right. A prominent reason why the chil dren of the rich so frequently amount to nothing may be found in the luxury, case and indolence which marked the commence ment of their lives. It is the law of God that, we should be workers on earth; and! no one so well consults the best develop ; nient of his being as when he conforms his practice to this law. The workers in sorm suitable sphere are the only really strong men in this world. The othir condition of the statement is that the thousand dollars should be saved, as an actual surplus beyond daily consump tion. He who spends all he earns is always poor. He never has a dollar of accumula ted wealth. The stream runs out as fast as it runs in. In spending his entire earnings he will, on the one hand, contract the habits of prodigality, with its kindred vices, and, on the other, lose those ot a sound and judicious economy. This being the phase of things as life opens with him, his pros pects for the future arc a minus quantity. Life with him will be a failure; mature years will be marked by insignificance; and old age, if he lives to see it, will be loaded with poverty. He is an oljeet of charity at the moment in which he ceases to be a producer, having no reserve upon which to draw in the day of adversity. Some men seem to be doomed to this by necessity, and in their case poverty and want are not their fault; yet a very large number make this condition their choice —aud, hence, with them it is self-produced. The great rule of good sense and Chris tain virtue is not to spend more than one earns, never to spend anything either fool ishly or viciously aud always spend as much less than one's earnings as is consist ent with a reasonable degree of personal comfort and a proper sense of duty to God and man. Tbis is the general thought which every one must apply for himself. It is not meanness, but economy. It is not | but a legitimate self-love. It is far Bj' likely to dwell in the bosom of | virtudau in that of depravity. It is, in deed, form of virtue, graded to the reali ties a! necessities of this life aDd not un fitting subject for tho enjoyments and gloriof the next. Nt, in saving the first thousand dollars, the tng man whom we have in view prao£s this economy. He live 3 within his fins, and hence owes no debts he cam pay; he never spends money in a fool, or a vicious way; and, after a pror attention to his own wants, and the dut which bind him to others, of which qfueons he is the sole judge, he lays by, fromonth to month, or year to year, bis suns earnings as so much accumulated capl- At length he reaches the point, ands worth a thousand dollars. The lesns thus acquired will almost certainly fpr a life-time. They are wrought irithe very tissues of his personal being. Ifrtunc smiles upon him, as it probably ws it will not make him a fool. He can gld prosperity without explosion. He >der?tands economy, for he has practiced •' It is with him not an idea in rely; but fact, and a fixed feature of character, is outflow of his earnings may increase th his increase of means; yet the law lich governed and the processes which •ured the saving of the first thousand dol s will be likely to stand by him in all ie to come. Some men fail for the want ■ sufficient action to command success; ters fail for the want of sufficient ccono rin respect to the products of action; il others fail for the want of both. Some ire no discretion in prosperity, and others be almost no energy and force in the IV of adversity. The trained worker and b trained economist belongs to no one of Use classes. His personal qualities make In a man —a sensible, prudent, forcible, tactical man in every relation and at all tues. We select a thousand dollars as the trial sin, because it is not too large to be attain ab-in most cases, or so small as to he of eas; afainment. It is about sufficient to putayoung man to the test, and bring out vhsf there is in bim, and in this way give tima practical education for the business ■ orkof life. I tis quite true that this article refers tairly to a point in material civilization, sveopmcat, aud progres;; and it is just ; trie that humanity was designed, while tovhg through this sphere, wisely and till odo the things that belong to this shce. The present life has its l.nrs and it mcessities; and to obey the former and nit the latter is as really a duty as it is tipr.y or sing psalms. There are six dys in every week for business as wil as a seventh for religious wor sip. Society rests on business. Product re indtstry is the life blood of the world. I feedsand clothes the race. The surplus e.rningiof humanity beyond immediate crosumpion core-titute the accumulated wctlth o mankind. It is first produced by induswj and then saved by economy; and but for* the race would be a herd of pau pers ar savages. The man who fools away th life iu indolence or prodigality is a fool iihere be no other life : and he cer cainly ia fool if there be another. The your g fan to whom it is a matter of no conseq.'nce whether he works or plays, wheth' he saves or spends, deserves a work hou.-e t task him and a short allowance to drecipke him. The father who, having an arepleortune, brings up his sons upon this shifila theory is practically their enemy, and i-s inexcusable as he would be if he sboulipobon them with rum. To all such fathei and all such sons we commend the pract'al profit of earning and saving the first tousand dollars. i WHT THE FEATURES INDICATE. W are told that the extremes of both i largaess and smallness of stature are not favrnble to strength or intellect. Giants and dwarfs are generally deficient iu this I reject, and excessive corpulency or meagre ncs is seldom associated with mental activ j ity Aristotle and Napoleon Bonaparte horevcr, were verv short, Charles James ; Fx was exceedingly fat, Daniel Webster boh broad and tall, and Lord Nelson a liv in skeleton. A large head is generally the acompaniment of a great intellect; but a ! sLall one with a comparatively extensive firehead in quite consistent with mental ca I pcity. Raphael, Charles XIT., Frederick j tie Great, and Lord Brougham were illus tations of the latter fact. It is said that ;*y nose which is less than the height of the : firehead, is an indication of defective intel- Ictual power. The eyes indicate character ather by their color than form. The dark ilue are found most commonly iu persons of II gentle and refined character; light blue md gray in the rude and energetic. Lav later says: "Hazel eyes are the more usual indications of a mind masculine, vigorous and profound; just as genius, properly so called, is almost always associated with eyes of u yellowish cast, bordering on hazel." The higher the brows rise the more their i possessor is supposed to be under the influ ence of feeling, and the lower the better controlled by his reason. A very small eyc ibrow is an indication of want offeree of jeharactcr. A tolerably large n;outl ts es sential to vigor and energy, and a lone is indicative of weakness and indo -1 ence. In a ntanly face the upper lip should -xtend beyond and dominate the lower. I Fleshy lips are oftcuer found associated with voluptuous and meager ones with a passion ! less nature. The retreating chin indicates veakness, the perpendicular, strength, and ' die sharp, acutcness of mind. AN ENGLISH COMPLAINT.— Tbe English papers complain that some of the great manufacturing establishments of America keep agents in the manufacturing towns of England to loruicnt strikes and stir op difficulties among the work jteople, in order j to secure the principal and most experienced . hands for shipment. Thus, we are told, j were stircd up the recent troubles in Pres ton, which resulted in the transfer of a large number of hands to Loweil; and it is now reported that agents are operating 'in the "Black Country," and picking out a large number of good workmen for the Pittsburgh iron works in Pennsylvania. We judge there is some misstatement about this matter. We suppose the truth simply to be that large American manufacturers occasionly send agents to Great Brittain to engage ex perienced workmen; and it is the wages these agents arc able to offer which causes the difficulties the English papers suppose to be systematically planned. THE SINGULARITY OF AMERICAN PREJUDICE. Moncure D. Conway, writing front l>n don to the Ait ti-Slavery Standard, rays: j The shadow of slavery is yet so heavy up ou the minds of some Americans that they cannot conceive how petty * and provincial j the prejudice against color seems to the cul- I treated people of England and France. The j New Yorker, for example, who sent the ; photographs of the negroes in the South Carolina Legislature, was, I doubt not, im pressed with the idea that the mere sight of a black face in a Legislature would evoke exclamations of horror from the eminent gentlemen and ladies of the Royal. But English scholars are just now too much en gaged in searching, with increasing admira- j tion, into the literature of tl.eir two hundred million swarthy Indian subjects, to find a red flag in any black skin. Livingstone has made contempt of the negro forever impos sible in England. The other evening John Ruskin lectured at the Royal, and immedi ately in front of him, on a bench reserved for the emincut, sat a black woman, aceom puttied by a noble lord and his lady. There were a few Americans in the audience; they revealed themselves by whispering their as tonishment. But Mr. Buskin, champion of Governor Eyre as he was, evidently did not note her presence, In France it is positive ly an advantage to be colored. A likely ne gro is there apt to be a lion, so lend are the French of something unusual. One may there see proud ladies escorted by, or danc ing with, decorated negroes. And in Eng land that disposition to take a peculiar in terest in the swarthy races which has al ready given to England the tragedy ot "Othello," has assisted to make "Black and White" the most popular drama now being acted on the London stage. The interest of this piece, written by Wilkie Collins, turns upon the passion of a white girl for a hero who has negro blood in him, in a region where the old prejudice prevails. Her love is finally victorious over prejudice. It is a pure miscegenation drama. Feebler acts the dark hero splendidly ; and the audiences arc enthusiastic enough to make an Auieri can negrophobist rave. No one can reside here without perceiving that everywhere in ; Europe the prejudice against color isbccom ing a sign ot inferior culture. This lately, when, in a suit for breach of promise in Ohio, which turned upon the question of whether the woman bad negro blood, physi cians were called in to testify on the subject, the report of the trial was reproduced every where, and commented on with wonder that such an eveDt could occur Id a community calling itself civilized. It was treated as a trial for witchcraft might be. ABOUT BLOOD. Observe your mother when she is packing atruuk, and you will see that whatever she is most afraid will be spoiled, she is most careful to put in the middle, that it may be least exposed to accidents. And this is what a kind Providence has done with the arteries, which have the utmost cause to dread acou'ents, while the veins, which are much better able to hear rough usage, are allowed to wander about freely just under the skin. But when (he bones happen to lake up a great deal of room, and come near the skin themselves, as is the case in (he wrist, the artery is forced, whether he likes it or not, to venture to the surface, and then we are able to put our finger upon him. And there are others in the same sort of situation; the artery of the foot for in stance, You feel quite sure blood is red, do you not? Well, it is no more red than the wa ter of a stream would be if you were to fill it with little red fishes. Suppose the fishes to be very, very small —as small as a grain of sand—and closely crowded together through the whole depth of the stream ; the water would look quite red, would it not ? And this is the way in which blood looks red ; only observe one thing ; a grain of sand is a mountain in comparison with tho little red fishes in the blood. If I were to tell you they measured about the three thousand two hundredth of an inch in diameter, you would not be much wiser, so I prefer saying (byway of giving you a more perfect idea of their minuteness) that there would be about a million in such a drop of blood as would hang on the point of a needle. I say so on the authority of a scientific French man—M. Boiilet. Not that he has ever counted them, as you may suppose, any more than I have done; but this is as near an ap proach as can be made by calculation to the size of those fabulous blood fishes, which are the three thousand two hundredth part of an inch in diameter.— Jean Mace. EMPLOYER AND EMPLOYED. Much of the disaffection between the em ployer and employed which leads often to acrimonious and unpleasant disputes, might be avoided by a more generous interpreta tion of the terms of the contract specified or implied between them. In many cases the employer makes his concent n disciplinary school, the pupils ot which are to be drilled to become as mere machines as the insensate mechanism they oversee or attend. A cer tain set of iron-bound rules, immutable and unchangeable as those of the Mades and Persians, is made to govern and control the help, with no opportunity for variation or adaption to circumstances or person. The honest, conscientious workman finds him self, under this system, ranked with the careless, unjust, and selfish man who would feel a pride in "getting ahead of bis boss. All this is wrong. Certain rules must, of j course, be made and observed in order to I insure a uniformity of work and a proper division of duties ; but the rule that is nec essary for him who, having no standard of right in himself, bows only to the law of force, is not the rule for the concieutious workman anxious mainly to protect and in sure the interests of his employers. In the contriving of rules fc r the governing of me chanical establishments, the character of the tneti employed should be considered. No man should have his sense of manliness I crushed or injured by being subjected to ; rules fitted only for the inmates of a penal institution. It not only injures him morally, 1 but it deprives his employer of his best ef i forts, as he cannot and will not work con amore when he knows he is under espionage or suspicion. Let employers treat their men I as men and they will find it to be to their pecuniary advantage. Circumstances alone ; generally give them an advantage over their i fellows. — Scientific American. THE Ohio Board of Agriculture offers I slori for the best wheat. VOL,* 42: XO. 26 "GETTUIU ON IN TIIE HOBLIV When we see Jenkins, or Jones, or nny j other of our acquaintances, who started in ; the race of life with nothing hut their wits ' or luck, go dashing by in their carriage, or ! look at the fine houses tkey are erecting, we j instinctively say, Jenkins, or Jones, as the case may be, is "getting on in the world." It may be true, in a pecuniary point of view, that Jenkins' or Jones' bank account is large —liis carriage may be lined with purple vel vet, and his pew in church as. soft as up holstery can make it, and as conspicuous a* his standing as "one of the annoiDted" should be—but yet Jenkins or Jones may not sleep as sound, or enjoy that peace j which comcth from a clear conscience, as j well as some whose names arc not in any 1 Bank Ledger, or whose house is not the \ envy of the rabble. The truth is, there are j many ways of getting on in the world; it does not always mean making a great deal of money, or being a great man j for the people to look up to in wonder, j Leaving off a bad habit for a good one is ] getting on in the world; to ba active and industrious, instead of Idle and lazy, is get ting on; to be kind uud forbearing, instead of ill-natured and quarrci.-orae, is getting on; to work as dilligently io the master's , absence as in his presence, is getting on; in short, when we see any one properly attend- ! ing to his duties, persevering through such difficulties to gain such knowledge as shall be of use to himself and others, and offering a good example to his relatives and acquain tances, we may be sure that he is getting on in the world. Money is a very useful arti cle in its way, but it is possible to get on with small means, fbr it is a mistake to sup pose that wc must wait for a good deal of money before we can do anything. Perse verance is often better thaq a full purse. There are more helps toward getting on than is generally supposed ; many people lag lie hind or miss altogether, because they do not sec the abundant and simple means which j surround them on all sides, and so it bap pens that there are aids, which cannot be bought with money. Those who wish to get along in the world must have a stock of patience— of hopeful confidence a willingness | to learn and a disposition not easily cast j down by difficulties and disappointments. ItESPKCT THE BODV. Respect the body, dear men and women ! -peak of it reverently, as it deserves. Don't take it into unworthy places; give it sun shine, pure air, and exercise. Be con-eien tious as to what you put down its throat. Remember what is fun to the cook and con fectionary trades may be dea'h to if. Give it good, wholesome food; let it be on inti mate terms with friction and soap and water; and especially don't render it ridiculous by your way of dressing it. Recognize the dignity of your body; hold it erect when your awake, and let it lie out straight when you're asleep. Don't let it go through the world with little mincitfg steps nor great gawky strides; don't swing its arms too much, and don't let them grow limp from inactivity. Resolve to respect its shoulders, its back, and its fair proportions generally and straight way shall " stoops, " and wriggles, and "grccian bends" be un known forever." Respect the body—give it what it requires and no more. Don't pierce its ears, strain its eyes, or pinch its feet; don't roast it by a hot fire all day, ami smother it under heavy bed covering all night; don't put it in a cold draught on slight occasions, and don't nurse or pet it to death; don't dose it with doctor's stuffs, and, above all, don't turn it into a wine cask or chimney. Let it be "warranted not to smoke" from the time your manhood takes possession. Respect the body; don't over rest, or over love it, and never debase it, but be able to lay it down when you are done with it, a well worn but not misused thing. Meantime, treat it at least as well as you would your pet horse or hound, and my word for it, though it will not jump to China at a bound, you'll find it a most excellent thing to have, especially in the country.— Hearth and Ilomc. MAKING GLASS EVES. It is said that there aro in New York at least seven thousand persons who wear false eyes. The manufacture of these eyes is done entirely by hand, and is thu3 described by the -lmen'eaii Artisan : A man sits down behind a jet of gas flame, which is pointed and directed as he wishes by a blow-pipe. The pupil of the eye is made with a drop of block glass imbedded in the center of the iris. The blood-vessels seen in the white of the eyes are easily put in with red glass while the optic is glowing with heat like a ball of gold. The whole eye can be made inside of an hour, and it is at once ready to put in. The reader should know that it is simply a thin glass shell in tended to cover the stump of the blind eye. After being dipped in the water, this shell is slipped in place, being held by the eye lids. The secret of imparting motion to it de pends upon working the glass so that it shall fit the stump. If it is too large, it wi:l not move, if it fits nicely, it moves in every particular like the natural eye, and it is quite impossible in many cases to tell one from the other. The operation is not in the least painful, and those who have worn thorn a cumber of years feel better with them in than when they are out. A glass eye should be taken out every night, and put in in the morning. In three or four years the false eye becomes so worn that a new one lia< to be obtained. A CORRESPONDENT of an Eastern ex change finds the chief cause of Irish dis content in absenteeism. Some 340,000 people own Ireland in fee simple, and most of these people reside abroad. Consequently some £400,000,000 or £500,000,000 sterling annually are taken from the country. It is, in reality, raked like a New Eengland cran- , berry bed. lleucc the resident laborers : never thrive or prosper. The surplus above actual existence is periodically withdrawn. ; Whenever, therefore, anything cxtraor dinary occurs, as the potato rot in 184>, ior ; example, the people have no alternative but , death. Alison and others give the number of deaths in that yeir from famine at some 800,000 or 1,000,000, yet Porter's PrOgrer* of the nation shows in that very year 7,400,- 000 bushels of cereals exported from Ire land, and the beef and mutton, etc., was in similar poporlions. The of course, go',rg into the pockets of the .rind owners. AMEKICAHf SIIIP BUILDING. The Wilmington (Delaware) Commercial, makes the important statement that iron ship builders there, the most extensive in this country, have recently competed di rectly with the builders on the Clyde, and having put in a lower estimate have re ceived work in preference to thoae cele brated English artisans. The case in point was the construction of a sea going iron steamship, for Ceutral American trade, built at the order of the Panama Railway Company. The proposal of the Wilming ton firm being loss than the Clyde builders. | the ship was built there. It is needless to i say that the work was as well done in all ! respects, and the material as good as it ! would havo been if constructed in Great Britain, but it is pro;>er to add that new contracts at rates similar will lie accepted by our builders. In another case, a Wilming ton firm has built two steamers, and is now at work on a third for a company who run lines on some of the South American rivers. For various reasons our builders arc pre ferred, after a direct comparison of their abilities with those of the English builders, and the company in question give them the work. ' 9k> these facts tin Commercial adds the following: "So decided, indeed, is the conviction of the leading firms of this city on this ques tion, that, on being recently applied to by a proposed ocean steamship company for a certificate to lie presented to Congress, that | on account of the tariff on ship s materials | it wa> impoeible to furnish vessels at foreign , prices, and that therefore those duties | should be repealed, they conscientiously re ' fused to make any such statement, for the •.imple reason that they knew it to be incor rect. This, too, notwithstanding that the , statement had a'ready been signed by lead | ing firms in New York and Boston. "Previous to the Morrill tariff, some sev i i n or eight years ago, the English plate iron, angle iron' an 1 rivet iron wereused univcr -1 sally in all first-cllss iron vessels. None was produced in this country or anything like as good quality. But the tariff raised the price, stimulated our manufacturers, and after some years, the result was and now is, that of tb -o varieties of iron the Ainer- I lean is best, is altogether used, and would | he used by build r.- cv u if it cost more. ORIGIN or AN- OLD CUSTOM.— Surely the custom among men of touching their glas-es before drinktng the health of a friend (or on other occasions merely for ceremony s sake) merits some attention in regard to its origin. Possessing a fondness for antique researches, it affords an infinite pleasure to communicate the whv and the wherefore oi the ahove mentioned practice. Several years anterior to the time Socrates, it was : given out that any criminal condemned to | die the death by having the poisoned drink administered i was at liberty to consider his ; life insured, if lie could succeed in prevail ing upon his friends to share the potion with him even in such small ijuantities as : might, prove innocuous to all: and in order ; to a-certain precisely the exactness of each one's allowance, they had resource to the every day custom of touching glass with glass, measuring in this manner their rcs ; peetivo portions, pledging the health and happiness ol the thus liberated convict, and rejoicing that tlicy had been made the me dium through which life was saved. APPEARANCE OK BRIGHAM YOUNG.—A writer in the San Francisco Bulletin says : Brigham Young. ;n bis sixty-ninth year, is a remarkable man, and bids fair to live for many years. His step bas lost some of its elasticity, and his figuro shows that he is going down the hill of life ; but his hair, al ways light, is unmixed with gray, and though his locks may be thinner than they were forty years ago, there are no signs of approaching baldness. His brow and cheeks are clear and smooth, with a slight ruddy tinge, and without wrinkle except around the corners of the mouth. His brow is lofly, his nose prominent and well formed, his eyes gray, and in repose show something of the dullnes of age, but he looks as if he cou'd give a stern ordei and watch its exe cution, however bloody, without flinching. His lips, too, are thin, and when set give an aspect of severity to his countenance ; yet he can smile very pleasantly when he chooses. WOULDN'T DO FOR A JURYMAN.—A joke was perpetrated a few days since upon Judge Barker, who was presiding over the Supreme Court, iu session at laockport, N". Y. A juryman was absent from his seat, all the others being occupied. A dog, looking for the master, very quietly took the vacant place. The Judge, addressing Hon. A. I'. Banning, of Buffalo, said: "You see, Mr. Banning, that the jurymen's seats are all occupied. Are you ready to pro ceed? The distinguished pleader raised bis glasses to his eyes, Rod after a brief survey of the jury-box made the witty re ply: "Your Honor, that fellow might do for a judge, but I should hate to trust him for a juryman." The good-natured Judge joined heartily in the merry laugh that followed, and proved that he could take as well as give a joke. MIL BEWES AND "GEO. ELIOT."— The facts in regard to the relationship between Mr. Bewes, the philosophical historian, and "Geo. Eliot," aro as follows: Mr. Lewes was married early in life; his wife subse quently eloped with a paramour: three or four years later Lewes found her in great distress and relieved her necessities, settling npon her a part of his income. He then applied for a divorce, which was refused by the English courts on the ground that his provision for the erring wife was a forgiveness of her error. The Scotch court was less rigorous, however, and, haviog se ! cured a divorce there, Lewes married Miss Evans on a Scotch certificate. THE Supreme Court decides that if a pas senger on a railway train cannot find a seat, and gets injured while standing, in conse quence, upon the platform, lie is not to be blamed for negligence, but that the negli gence must be imputed to the conductor. It is the latter' s business to find a seat for the passenger, not the passenger's business to look for one. UN Tuesday last the supply of strawber ries was the largest ever known in New York. The rain checked the sale of them, and the market was perfectly glutted. Prices touched ten cents a quart for good qualities. In the afternoon the common average sold as low as six cents. Whole cargoes of Norfolk berries were thrown in to the river. JUSTICE in Texas is still very rapid, if not always certain. A black mare was stolen tioin a livery stable, and, after search, was heard from in a distant town. The pro prietors sent a messenger after her, and a day or two afterwards received a despatch as follows: "Your mare is here; T will bring i her: thief hung."