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AU advertisements for ten then 3 months 10 cent* per line for each insertion. Specie i notice* one-half addition*!. Ail resolution* of Assoeia tione, commanicetiom of e limited or ittdividal intereet end notice* of marriage* end deaths, ex ceeding Are line*, 10 cle. per line. All legal noti ces of overs hind, end all Orphan*' Court end other Judicial sales, are required by lew to be pub-' luhed in both papers. Editorial Notices 15 cents per line. AU Advertising due after first insertion. A liberal discount made to yearly advertisers. 2 moats. 6 months, 1 year One square $ 4.50 $ 8.00 SIO.OO Twe squares 6.00 #.OO 18.00 Three squares 8.00 12.00 20.00 One-fourth column - 14.00 20.00 . 35.00 Half column.— —... 18.00 25.00 45.00 One column.. 30.00 45.00 80.00 Liw.—We would cull the spwiel ilteetioa of Poat HuUrs end rabKrihen tithe Liqueur to the following synopsis of the Start paper lawt: • L A Postmaster U required to giro notice iy •etttr, (returning a paper doer not anrwer the law) when a subscriber does not take hi* paper out of the ofllee, and atate the reasons lor jtr not being taken; and a neglect to do so makes the Postina" ter repooaeiUt lothe publishers for the payment. 2, Any p rion who takes a paper from the Poet office, whether directed to hit name or another, or whether he has subscribed or aot is responsible for the pay. S. If a person orders hi* paper discontinued, he must pay all arrearages, or the publisher may continue to send j* until payment it made, and ollect the whole amount, whether tt he tatem from the office or net. There can be n. legal discontin ue.nee until the payment ia made. 4. If the subscriber orders bis paper to be stopped at a certain time, and the publisher eon tinucs to send, the subscriber ia hound to pay for it, t/hs takes it owl of the Poet Ofict. The law proceeds upon the ground that a man must pay for what he uses. 5. The courts have decided that refusing to take newspapers and periodicals from tha Post office, or removing and having them uncalled for, is p. i mo facia evidence of intentional fraud. ?rofrssioaai & (Sards. ATTORNEYS AT LAW. J M.REYNOLDS, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Bedford. Pa. All business intrusted to him will be attended to with great care. Upon notice will appear forpar tks in suits before Justices of the Peace in any part of the county. Office with J. W. Diekerson, Ksip, on Juliana St., next door north of Mengel House. fmarlv. W C. IfcO LA HA N, ATTORNEY-ATLAW, Bedford, Pa. Jan. 2S, TO-tl t LEX. KING. Jn., aV. A TTORSE F- A T-LA w, BEDFORD, Pa., All business entrusted to his care will receive ] rcmpt and careful attention Office three doors - itb of the Court House, lately occupied bv J. W. Diekerson. * nov26 AND LINGENFELTER, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, bbppobd, PA. Have formed a partnership in the practice of tbe '..aw, in new brick building near the Lutheran Church. [April 1, 1889-tf A. POINTS. ATTORNEY AT LAW, Budpord, Pa. i.efpeetfuUy tenders his professional services to the public. Office in the la'yci Rtßuild ing, - cond floor.) y®~Coileetions promptly made. [April, 1'69-tf. HWSPY M. ALSIP, ■ l ATTORNEY AT LAW, Bedford, PA., Will faithfully and promptly attend to all busi r.oi entrusted to his eare ia Bedford and adjoin n g counties. Military claims, Pensions, Lack , ay. Bounty, Ac. speedily collected. Office with Mann i Spang, on Juliana street, 1 doors south fthe Mengel House. Api 1, 1869.—tf. r R. I> I" HBOKROW, J . ATTORNEY AT LAW, Bexford, Pa., Will attend promptly to all besiness intrusted to his care. Collections made on the shortest no- He •*. also, a regularly licensed Claim Agent and tl give special attention to the prosecution 'lit s against the Government for Pensions, b k I ay. Bounty, Bounty Lands, Ac. t'Sce on Juliana street, one door Sontb of the Inquirer office, and nearly opposite the'Mengel H 'use" April!, 1869:tf - L. SUSIU. J. H. LOKSEKECERB A LONGENECKER, Attorvbvs A Cocssbleobs at Law, Bedford, Pa, Will attend promptly and faithfully to all busi ness entrusted to their care. Special attention given to collections and the prosecntion of claims tor Back Pay, Boonty, Pensions, Ac. J®~Office on Juliana street, south of the Court H'use. Apri 1:69: lyr. J M'B. SHARP* P. SIRS SU IIARPE A KERR, A TTORSE VS-A T-LA W. Will practice in the Conrts of Bedford and ad joining counties. All business entrusted to their ire will receive careful and prompt attention. Pensions, Bounty, Back Pa", Ac., speedily col lected from the Government. Office on Jnliana street, opposite the banking h use of Reed A Schell. Bedford, Pa Apr !;69:tf PHYSIPT A VS. B. F. HARRY, Respectfully tenders his professional ser vices to the eitixea* of Bedford and vicinity. OSce an 1 residence on Pitt Street, in the building fcrmerly occupied by Dr. J. H. HoSut. [Ap'l 1,69. MISCELLANEOUS. TACOB BRENNEMAN W WOODBERRY, PA, -CRIVENER, CONVEYANCER, LICENSED CLAIM AGENT, and Ex-Offieio JUSTICE OF THE PEACE, Will attend to all business entruated into his hands with promptness and despatch. Will remit mon ey by draft to any part tf the country. 17sely DHHANIEL BORDER, PtTT STRUT, TWO DCORS Tilt OF TBB SED roRo hotel, Bur oris Pa. WATCHMAKER AND DEALER IN JEWEL RY. SPECTACLES. AC. He keeps on hand a stock of fine Gold and Sil ver Watches, Spectacles of Brilliant Double Refin ed Glasses, also Scotch Pebble Glasaee. Gold Watch Chains, Breast Pins, Finger Rings, beet oualityof Gold Pena Ha will supply to order any thing in his line not on hand. [spr.2B.'6s. Dmi W. CROUSE, • DEALER 19 CIGARS, TOBACCO, PIPES, &C. On Pitt street one door east of Geo. R. Oster A Co.'s Store, Bedford, Pa., is now prepared to sell by wholesale all kinds of CIGARS. Ail orders promptly filled. Persons desiring anything is his tine will do well to give him a call. Bedford April 1. '69.. N N. II I c K^TK V DENTIST. •office at the old stand in Baxb Buildivo, Juliana rt., BEDFORD. Ml ■ irations pertaining to Surgical and Mcchanical Dtntulry performed with care and WARRANTED. -i nrtthetiet administered, uira desired. Ar ••jictai teeth interted at, per eel, 98.00 and up. irard. As I am aeteimined to do a CASH BUSINESS or none, I have reduced the prices for Artificial Teeth of the various kinds, 20 per cent., and of Gold Fillings 53 per cent. This reduction will be mi ie only to strictly Cash Patients, and all such will receive prompt attention. 7feb6B \V M LLOYD ~ " • BANKER. Transact* a General Banking Business, in i makes collections on all accessible points ia the Un, ted States. GOVERNMENT SECURITIES, GOLD, SIL VER, STERLINO and CONTINENTAL EXCHANGE bought and sold. b.S. REVENUE STAMPS of all descriptions always on hand. Accounts of Merchants, Mechanics, Farmers and all other solicited -INTEREST ALLOWED ON TIME DEPOSITS. J an. *, '7O. MARRIAGE CKRTIECATKS.—On hand and for sale at the laymrar office, a fne assort ment ef Marriage Certificates. Clergymen and - n-Uces ahouid have them LUTZ & JORDAN) Editors and Proprietors. Jaquirfr Column. pO ADVERTISERS: THE BEDFORD INQUIRER. PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MORNING, BT LUTZ k JORDAN, OFFICE ON JULIANA STREET, BEDPORD, PA. THE BEST ADVERTISING MEDIUM IN SOUTH WESTERN PENNSYL VAN IA. CIRCULATION OVER 1500. HOME AND FOREIGN ADVERTISE MENTS INSERTED ON REA SONABLE TERM 3. A FIRST CLASS NEWSPAPER. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION: $2.00 PER ANNUM, IN ADVANCE. JOB PRINTING: ALL KINDS OF JOB WORK DONE WITH NEATNESS AND DISPATCH, AND IN THE LATEST & MOST APPROVED STYLE, SUCH AS POSTERS OF ANY SIZE, CIRCULARS, BUSINESS CARDS WEDDING AND VISITING CAHDS, BALL TICKETS, PROGRAMMES, CONCERT TICKETS, ORDER BOOKS, BEGAR LABELS, RECEIPTS, LEGAL BLANKS, PHOTOGRAPHER'S CARDS, BILL HEADS, LETTER HEADS, PAMPHLETS, PAPER BOOKS, ETC. ETC. ETC. ETC. ETC Oar facilitiee for doing all kind* of Job Printing are equalled by very few eetabliehaenu in the country. Order* by Kail promptly filled. All letteri abould be addreeaed to LUTZ A JORDAN a 2-oral anft ©metal Jlrtospapcr, Bcbotrb to I'olitirs, ©Duration, literature aim j orals. ITEMS. A Di'Krqct: husband vent to Indiana t secure a divorce from bis trusting wife, be the chilis and fevers shook him into his rigiti mind, and he went back repentant to ask for giveness. A woKDKftrtl. exhibition at a Vermont fait was a frying pan that came over in the May flower. That is nothing to what we shall have here in a few days—May flGwers them aelres. A CiXcissiTi lady created an exciteinen the other morning, by claiming to have bee n robbed of $6,000 by two men who came up into her room in a balloon. She proved to be slightly balloonatic. Ax English resident of Philadelphia sug gests that the British people and Englishmen iu this country raise a fund for the relief of the widows and orphans of the men lost by the sinking of the Onei-la. Ax octogenarian of Chicago tried to poison his daughter and two grand children by pot ting deadly nightshade into the potatoes. They call this a ''dreadful attempt at notor iety,"' in Chicago AFTER the Tan it bill is disposed of, the l anding bill wiil not be immediately taken up, as waa designed. Other bills are press ing. and, with the Tariff measnre, will occupy the House for a mouth hence at least Oxe day last week the Prince of Wales hunted with the Earl ofMacclesfield'shounds, d.ned with Lord Sydney, and wp u t to a dance at the Duke of Marlborough's in the evening. Hard work : but I.et;l is a sesspn of penance. Tumahaick, .Gex\ Bctler s resolution, which he at tempted to offer in the House the other day. gives the consent of Congress to the Domini can Republic becoming part of the United States, with the consent of a majority of the people of that island. He will again present the resolution, and have it referred to the Foreign Affairs Committee. L x vtiXEi) benefits are not the lot of human ity. At a sale of unclaimed express pack ages at Denver on the 26th ult., a man bought a iarge box for SB. On opening it, he finds currant jelly and oats mingled inseparably. He bitterly complains that there is too much jelly for good horse feed, and too much oats for jelly cake. A Mrs. Chiribill, who advocates Wo man Suffrage in \ ermont, refused the compa ny of a man who is a member of the Woman Suffrage Association, and declared that he must leave the canvass or she would leave the State. He is said to have needed her support, being drunk. It is ratber early in the history of this movement for it to suffer from the vice that is so apt to overcome the politician. A correspondent of The ISotlott Common ictallh states that the chair now occupied by Senator Revels is not the actual piece of fur niture once used by Jefferson Davis. In April, 1861, when the Sixth Massachusetts regiment—that had been altacked in Balti more just previonsly—was gua-ding the Capi tol, some of the soldiers ascertained, by in quiry, which chair had been occupied by the rebel chief, and broke it to pieces. Perhaps the thought that the precious relic was thus saved from the contaminating touch of the colored Senator may reconcile the friends of Mr. Davis to the circumstances of its destruc tion. If women realiy believe themselves anxious to assist the vast numbers ot their sex who I with difficulty support themselves iu onr crowded cities, let them organize plans to cooTey the surplus to those parts of the coun try where there is famine of women. It is said, for instance, that at Scale's Diggings. Sierrn County, California, there are only two single ladies to CO single gentlemen: and when the married folks get up balls and meetings, the emulous sixty break into platoons of thirty adorers apiece to each of the at tractive two. \\ e doubt moreover, whethei there is an instance on record of a California miner seeking a divorce, and wives are pret sure of good treatment when their places are so hard to supply. Srts* ScrEßStrimj.—The New York cor respondent of the Bostoo Journal describes a new invention for displacing steam by elec tricity, and says that lathes, planing machines and other mechanical arrangements are driven by this power. To run an engine of twenty horse power by this invention would require only a space of three feet long, two feet wide and two feet high. The cost pet Jay would be thirty five cents. On a steamship no coal would be required, ar.d the space now used for coal and machinery could be used for cargo. Ihe stubborn resistance of electricity to mechanical use heretofore has, it is believed, been overcome. A continuous battery has been secured and other difficulties removed, principally through the coil of the magnet. If the invention works as well on the large scale as it does on the machinery to which it is now applied, steamships will soon ply the ocean nnder the new propelling power. A machine of great capacity is being construc ted and will soon be on exhibition in New ork. The whole thing, mighty enough to carry a Cunarder to Liverpool, cantre secured in a small trunk. Tue Ohio Wohex.— They bo Sot Want to Vole. —The women of Ohio will yet make themselves heard on the question of suffrage. One hundred and forty one of them, living in Loraine county, all intelligent and higblv educated, have already sent to the I.egisla ture the following memorial: We aeknow iege no inferiority to men. We claim to have no less ability to perform the duties which ! God has imposed upon us, than they baTe to perform those imposed upon them. We believe that God has wisely and well adapted each sex to the proper performances of the duties of each. We believe our trusts to b as important and sacred as any that exist on earth. We feel that our present duties fill up the whole measure of our time and abilities: and that tbey are snch as none bat ourselves can perform. Their importance requires us I to protest against all efforts to compel ns to assume those obligations which cannot be separated from suffrage: but which canoot be performed by ns without the sacrifice of the highests interests of our families and of society. It is our fathers, brothers, husbands and sons, who represent us at the ballot box. ; Our fathers and brothers love us. Our hus bands are onr choice, and one with ns. Our sons are what we make them. We are con- I tent that they represent as in tbe corn field, the battle field, and at the ballot box, and we them in the school room, at tbe fire side, and st tbe cradle: believing our representation, even at the ballot-box, to be thus more full and impartial than it could possibly be, were all women allowed to vote. We do, therefore respectfully protest against any legislation to establish "Woman's Suffrage" in our land, or n any part of it- It is reported that daring the reading of the names attached to tbi memorial the little handful of members who Lclievcia aoman i-.uffinge retired iuconfasion. BKDFORU, I' V-- FRIDAY. APRIL 15- 1870. iWtvij. APKIL BHOWEHD. All day the low-bung clouds have dro) fed Tbeir garnered fullness down ; All day that solt gray mist balb wrapped Hills, valley, grove, and town. There has not been a sound to-day To break the calm of nature: Nor motion, I might almost say Of life, or living creature — Of waving bough, or warbling bird, Of cattle faintly lowing : I could bars half believed 3 heard The leaves and blossoms growing. I stood to hear—l love it well— The rain's sound ; Small drops, but thick and fast tbey fell, Down straight into the ground. For leafy thickness is not yet Karth's naked breast to screen, Though every dripping branch is set With shoots of tender green. Sure since I looked at early morn, Those honeysuckle buds Have swelled to double growth T it>t ihorn Hath put forth larger studs : That lilac's cleaving cones have burst, The milk-white flowers revealing : Even now, upon my senses first Metfcinks their sweets are stealing. The very eatth, the slesmy air. Is all with fragrance rife : And grace and beauty everywhere Are flushing into life. L>owu,downthey come,— those faithful store.-. Those earth-rejoicing drops ! A momentary deluge pours.— Then thins, decreases, stops. Aud ere the dimples on the stream Have circled out of sight, Lo! from the west a parting gleam Breaks forth of amber light. But yet, behold ! abrupt and loud, Come down the glittering rain : The farewell of a passing cloud. The fringes of her train. W THE MOI >TAI.\S. In the Fall of lsUfi i was traveling east ward in a stage coach from Pittsburgh over the Mountains. My fellow travelers were :wo gentlcmc-n and a lady. The oldest gen ltman's appearance interested ice exceed ngly. In years he seemed about fifty: in sir and manner he was calm, dignified and polished, and the contour of bis features was singularly intellectual. He coversed on iifferent topics uutil the road bc-cauie more ibrupt and precipitous ; but on my direct ing his attention to the great altitude of a precipice, on the verge of which our coach wheels were leisurely rolling, there came a marked change in his countenance. His syes, lately filled with the light of intelii gence, became wikl, restless and anxious— the mouth twitched spasmodically, and the forehead wa- beaded with a cloud of pres piration \\ ith a sharp, cunvulsive shud ler, be turned his gate from tho eiHrtr beigl t, and clutching my arms tightly with 1 both hands he clung to me like a drowning man. ' Use the cologne,'' said the lady, hand ing me a bottle with the instinctive good ness of her sex. I sprinkled a little on his faee, and he be came more composed; but it was not until wc had entirely traversed the mountain. and descended into the country beneath, that his features relaxed from their perturbed look, and a-sumcd the placid, quiet dignity, that I bad at first noticed. "I owe an apology to that lady,'' .-aid he with a bland smile and a gentle inclination of the head to our fair companion, "and some explana'ton to my fellow travelers al so; and perhaps I cannot better acquit my self of the double debt than by recounting the cause of my recent agitation. "It may pain your feelings," delicately urged the lady. "On the coutrary it will relieve them," was the respectful reply. Having signified our several desires to hear more, the traveler thus proceeded "At the age of eighteen I was light of heart and I fear [be smiled] light of head A fine property on the banks of the Ohio acknowledged me sole owner. I was hast ening home to enjoy it, and delighted tc got free from college life The month was Oc tober, the air bracing, and the mode of con veyenee a stage like this, only more cum brous. The other passengers were few— only three in all—one old, gray-headed planter of Loui-iana, bis daughter, a joyous, bewitching creature, about seventeen, and his son, about ton years of age." ' They had jast returned from France, of which country the young lady discoursed in terms so eloquent as to absorb my entire attention. "ThefatLer was taciturn, but the daugh ter was vivacious by nature, and we soon became so mutually pleased with each other that it was not until a sudden flash of light ening and a heavy dash of rain against the windows elicited au exclamation from my charming companion that I knew how the night passed. Presently there came a low, rumbling sound, and then several tremend ous peals of thunder, accompanied by suc cessive flashes of lightning. The rain de scended in torrents, and the angry wind be gan to howl and moan through the fores, trees. "I looked from the window of our rc biclc. The night was dark and cloudy, but the lightning showed the danger of our road. We were at the edge of a fearful precipice. I could sec at intervals huge, jutting rocks, far away down its side, and the sight made me solicitous for my fair companion. I thought of the mere hair I breadths that were between if and eternity; a single little rock in the track of our coach wheels, a tiny billet of wood, a tap root of a tempest-torn tree, restive horses, or a careless driver—any of these might hurl us from our sublunary exigence with the speed of thought 'Tis a perfect tempest,' observed the lady, as I withdrew my head from the win dow. How I do love a sudden storm. There is something grand about the winds when fairly loose among the bills. I Bever encountered a night like this, but Byron's magnificent description of a thunder storm in the Jura., recurs to my mind. But are we on the mountain yet? " 'Yes wc have begun the ascent' " 'ls it not said to be dangerous?' " 'By no means,' I replied in as easy a tone as 11 >uki as some. " 'I ouly wish it try- daylight so that vq . might enjoy the mountain scenery. Hut j what g this ! ami ehe covered ber face from a sheet of lightning that illuminated tb, rugged mountain with brilliant intensity. 1 eai after peal of thunder instantly succeeded ; there was a heavy volume of | tain coming down at each thunder burst, ; and with deep moaning, as of an animal in dreadful agony, breaking upon our ears. I found that the coach had conic to a dead halt. Louise, my beautiful fellow traveler, be came as pale as ashes. She fixed her eyes on mine with a look of anxious dread, and turning to her father, she hurriedly re marked . 'd\e are on the mountain.' I reckon we are. was the unconcerned reply. "With instinctive activity, I put my head through the window and called to the driv er, but the only answer was the moaning of an animal, borne past me by the swift winds of the tempest I seized the handle of the door and strained in vain—it would not yield. At tbo instant I felt a cold band in mint nd heard Louise articulate in my ears the following appalling words : My God we are lost, the horses have been struck down by lightning, ami in their efforts to rise, have broken the tongue of our coach. We will be thrown over the precipice." Never shall I forget the fierce agony with which I tugged at the coach door, and called on the driver in tones that rivaled the fierce blast of the tempest, whilst the con vietion was burning in my brain that the coach was being slowly moved backward ! "I rushed against the door with all my force, but it withstood my utmost efforts. Oac side of our vehicle was sensibly going down. The moaning of the agoniaed ani ma] became deeper, and I knew from his desperate plunges that it was one of our horse*. Clash upon crai-h the thunder roll ed orer the mountain, and vivid flashes of lightning flashed over our heads. By the light I could see for a momeut the old plant er standing erect, with bis hands on his son and daughter, head raised to heaven, ard his lips moving as if in prayer. I could see Louise turn her ashen cheeks to me for as sistance; and I could see tbe bold glance of the boy flashing defiance at the war of ele ments and the awful dangerthat awaited hirn There was a roll, a desperate plunge, a harsh grating jar, a sharp, piereing scream of mor tal terror, and I bad but time to clasp Lou ue firmly with one hand round her waist, and seize the fastening* attached to the roof with the other, when we were precipi tated over the precipice. 'T can distinctly recollect preserving con sciousness for a few seconds of time, how rapidly my breath was being exhaust ed, but of that dreadful descent I soon lost all further knowledge by a concussion so violent that 1 was instantly deprived of ail sen*e. The traveler paused. His features work ed for a moment or two, as they did when we were on the mountain ; he passed his hands across bis forehead as if in pain, and then r*aroed his thriUiug naratirc. "Oo a low ooucb, in an humble room of a small country house. I next opened my eyes in this world of light and shade. Gen tle hands smoothed my pillow, gentle feet elided across my chamber, and a gentle voice hushed all my questionings. I was kindly tended by a young girl of sixtecD. Ooe morning, finding myself sufficiently recovered to sit up. I insisted on know ing all: "lou were discovered sitting on the ledge of rocks amidst the branches of a shat tered tree, clinging to the roof of your bro ken coach with one band and the insensible form of a lady with tbe other. ' And the lady 1" 1 gasped, scanuing the girl's face with an earnestness that made her blush. '• Sthe was saved, sir. by the tree that saved you." "And her father and brother!'" I de manded. " 'Were found both crushed to death at the bottom of the precipice, and we buried them in one grave down in our meadow.' ' I'oor Louise! poor orphan! God pitj TOO. I muttered in broken tones uncon sciously. " "God pity her indeed, sir,' said she with a gush of heartfelt sympathy. Woule you like to see her? "I found her bathed in tears for hei kindred, and she received me with a sorrow ful sweetness of manner. I need not detail you by describing the efforts I made t( soothe her grief, but briefly acquaint yot that I succeeded, and twelve months aftei the dreadful occurrence which I related wt stood at the alter as man and wife. Sh< still lives to bless me with her smiies, bui on the anniversary of that dreadful nighi she secludes herself in her room, and de votes the boor of darkness to solitary pray cr. "As for me," said the traveler, while i faint blu>h tinged his noble brow, "as foi inc, that accident hue rcduocd ate to the i condition of a physical coward at the righi I of a mountain precipice. "'But the driver," a*ked the lady pascn | ger, who had listened to tbe story with much attention, "what became of the driver, atid did you ever learn the reason of bis dese; - ing his post?" "His body was found ou the road with ri a few steps of the place were the each wen! over. He had been struck dead by the same flash of lightning that blinded thcies tive horses." THE ART OF FINANCIERING.—A singular financial transaction occurred in ODe of the dock offices a day or two since. By some means or other it happened that the office bov owed one of the clerks three cent 9, the clerk owed the cashier two cents, and thc casbier owed tbe office boy two cents. One day last week the office boy having a eont in his pocket concluded to diminish bis debt and therefore handed the nickel over to tbe clerk, who, in turn, paid half of bis debt by giving the coin to tbe cashier. The latter handed the cent back to the office boy, re marked, "now I only owe you one cent" The office boy again passed tbe cent to the clerk, who passed it to the cashier, who passed it back to the office boy, and the lat ter individual squared all accounts, paying it to the clerk, tberby discharging his entire debt. Thus it may be seen how crcat is the benefit to be derived from a single cent if only expended judiciously—Buffalo £>- pre** JOHN NEAT, says some perron? read mail kind as ih'-y do a proof sheet, to find the errors an-i omuiifcsi-jn=. BKAtOSS A.KI> SIGNALS Concerning the possibility of seeing arti i filial light at a great distance, the Ordinance Surrey furnishes the most interesting and trustworthy experience. It is necessary, io the highly scientific details of such a sur vey, that certain elevated spots should be rendered visible at great distances one from another, for the determination of large tri angles of which the angles can be accurately measured. The custom has generally been to wait for a clear sky, and then to employ a powerful telescope to view the summit of a distant mountain. When Colonel Colby was placed in eharge or the Irish Ordinance Survey in 1524. heat once saw the necessity, in so misty a climate as that of Ireland, of employing some intense artificial light to render the stations visible one from another. Lieutenant Drummond had, shortly before that period, conceived the idea that the al most unapproachable light of incandescent lime, reflected from a parabolic mirror, might be used as a night beacon: and Cylby and he thereupon proceeded to test the theory in practice. A particular station, called Siieve Snaught, in Donegal, bad long been looked for from Davis Mountain near Bel fjmt a Jutaiwa of uiTty.cir miles The mist, day after day, wa too great to j>eruiit it to be seen; and then Colby determined to employ Drummond's light. The-night se lected was dark and cloudless, the mountain was covered with snow, and a cold wind gushed across the wintry scene. Colby was on Davis Mountain, Drumuiond on Slieve on the instant the latter displayed his lime light, the former saw it as a brilliant star, shinning over the intervening Lough Neagh. It was a complete success of a beautiful experiment. The light was pro duced by lacing a small ball of lime, only a quarter of an inch in diameter, in the focus of a parabolic mirror, and directing upon it through a flame arising from alcohol) a stream of oxygen gas: the huie became white hot, giving out a light, the intensity of which alike surpassed conception and de scription. It is literally true that a tiny bit of lime was visible sixty-six miles distant; for it was not flame that was seen, but the actual white-hot iirue itself. The experi ment having once succeeded, it was applied in various ways. One of the famous tri angles established by Colonel Colby had for its three points Ben Lomond in Dumbarton shire, Cainsmuir in Kirkcubbrigbtshire, aud a mountain in Antrim in Ireland; each station was rendered, by the lime light, visible from each of the other two, although the distances were sixty seven, eighty-one. and ninety five miles respectvely. On an other occasion he even exceeded a hundred miles, by this wonderful light. The ordinance surveyors have also suc ceeded in reudering th ,-ir far distant stations visible in the daytime, by a peculiar em ployment of sunlight, ismall pieces of pol ished tin, speculum metal, silvered copper, or looking-glass, are so fixed in apparatus, that the sun's rays may be reflected in a line leading to the distant 'tation, where a telescope renders the ray visible. Little gleams of sunshine have thus been rendered vi-ible at distances exceeding a bundled miles. Sea signals arc being improved almost as decidedly as land signals. A simple and bandy system ofda-h and-dot flash signals, for u=e at night when flags cannot be seen, has been introduced into the navy. The electric light, the lime light, and a peculiar lamp which burns petroleum vapor incited by a kind of blowpipe, all have been tried, and ail are available under diverse circum stances, as well as Argaod and other lamps. The principle i- to give long flashes and short flashes, the light being visible for a greater or less number c-f seconds at a lime. \ arious modes of applying opaque screens and other temporary obstacles have been adopted to regulate the alternations of long and short flashes; but, when once adjusted, and properly worked, the long and short flashes are translated into nautical words and phrases by means of a dot-and-dash codebook. Two ships are thus able to "peak with" each other at night when several miles apart; and an admiral com manding a fleet may be able to signal to every point of the compass at once, by using what is called an "all-round" light. All the Tear Iluu nJ. MARRIAGE BT .A. D. MAYO. The young women of our country are to decide the grrat controversy now arising be tween the Christian and Pagan ideas ol marriage. I would not seem insensible to all the sweet and pure and loftv family life in our country. But I cannot shut my eyes to the cloud that seems rising to eclipse out home. If we can believe half we hear, and sec and read, we mu.-: be wilfully blind not to see that the American home is threatened with destruction. A growing multitude cl people all over our land, especially ia the Western American States, now in.-ist on try ing a series of new experiments in marriage. They have d.cJed that marriage is not a Christian sacrament of love between one man and one woman, only to be entered in to with holy fear and unselfish consecration and only to be di--olved by tbat sin which strikes at the heart of a family. Tbey are giving the old Pagan systems a new trial. In savage countries a woman refuses to be married at the peril of her life, and tin y treat a woman who cannot satisfy her noblest womanhood in marriage, more like a barba rous th&n a Christian community. They prepare their daughters for the best market and buy and sell at tbe altar as basely as women are sold in the slave markets of tbe Orient. Tbey fill the souls of ourgirls with falsehood and folly on this most sacred theme aud behold them enter the most difficult and solemn relation of life as giddy and thought less as a flock of buttflies are drifted before a summer wind. They make a young lady such an expensive luxury, that the young man she could love and honor, runs from her in affright, seeing tbe bankrupt act and the sheriff in the very lines of her face. They offer a premium ou sensuality, by making marriage almost a game of chance, and build up the house of perdition on tbe ruins of the home. And we have permitted tbern to go to the Legislature and make laws ol di vorce that are the scandal ofa Christian age and unless repealed, will resolve western so ciety into a house cf uneleanness and social anarchy. Under the reckless administration of tbee laws wo virtually abolish Cbristain marriage and permit men and women to dis port themselves through a succession of u nions scarcely more lasting lhau tbe leagues of infamy itself. ThelaDd isswarmingwith male and f';tnale philosophers who teach VOL,. 43: NO 15. oar boys and girls that love is as free as air, and that our passional* caprices are the rightful law of our life. There is but ooe power iu American civil ization that can save as from plunging into a slough of such all prevailing sensuality as this world has never Men and that is the jwwer of Christain womanhood, if the consecrated mothers and daughters of this laod will rise op in holy indignation and re buke this whole abominable idea of marriage, will resolve that with them at least matri mony shall bo a sacrament of the soul, en tered upon only from high and holy senti ments, used for the uplifting of society, ad hered to "for better or for worse;" if tbey will brand this infamous looseness that is preached as a reform, with the foul name it deserves, and try to keep our young women out of promiscuous society where female delicacy is trampled into a common mire of vulgar familiarity; if they will demani a thorough revision of our laws of divorce and command our law makers to shut these open gates of perdition through which multitudes of deluded people are pouring dowo to soci al death; they may, through the Messing of jod inaugurate a new era of parity and gen uine family life.— Star in (he West. AN ABSENT-MINDED SAVANT. Monsieur X. is the most learned of the members of the trench Academy, but with al he is the most absent-minded of men. Irately, while riding in an omnibus, he was engaged in mentally discussing a problem, so reference to the ether which surrounds the earth s atmosphere, ffe had forgotton the omnibus, the conductor and his fellow traveller.-. 3lean while, a lady handed him a ten franc piece to pass to the conductor. 1 lie savant took the money mechanically, twirled it in bis Sogers, and theu all abscr bed in his reflection on the problem he was considering, put it in his pocket. The peo ple were astouished. The lady appealed to the conductor, who called a sergeant de viile. The savant, who was totally oblivious of all that had happenc-d, followed the police agent to the magistrate's office. Ffe walked along gaily, for he bad discovered the solution of the vexed question. They arrived at the magistrate's, the sergeaut told his story; and Monsieur X, still engaged in his problem, was questioned by the official: "Monsieur. said the magistrrte, "I wait your explanation. He candid, aod do not attempt to deny what appears to me already abundantly proved." After a moment of hesitation, the face of Mon-ieur X. brightened, and with all the ardor of youth, he commenced: "It is beyood all doubt that the ether comprise- all the elements of matter, and. consequently, of life. The concentration ol the primordial molecules has resetted in the formation of the spheres." And so he continued for a quarter of an Lour, to the utter amazement of the ser geant de ville. The magistrate, who was also somewhat of a philosopher, had listened with great attention and much interest tc the remarks of the academician, and his answers were judicious and logical. At lasi after a discussion of more than an hour, an; upon a purely scientific question, Monsieu: X. exclaimed. "Come, aod I will con vim-* you by satisfactory proofs;" and to his greui astonishment, the sergeant de ville saw the judge and the accused go out arm in-ariu. The poor man. much worried by this sin gular behaviour, followed his chief saying to himself, "'.Surely tbey are a pair ofninnie*. Something will eertainly happen." How ever, the two philosophers walked along together, passed along the Louvre, over the Pont des Arts and entered the palace of the Institute. The sergeaut de ville who had thus far followed them stopped. "Faith," thought he. "the magistrate knows his buisness; hs will come out all right." The magistrate did come out, but it was not until after the session of the Academy, of which he had been a spectator, that he remembered the affair of the ten franc piece, and told the savant what his absence of mind had led to, which the latter imme diately hastened to correct. WHO THREW THAT HKICK ? Yesterday afternoon a two cent dog sprang from an alley on High street, closey followed by a five cent brick. Konnding the corner at right angles he came in contact wi:h the feet of a Dutch woman who was carrying a jag of molasses in one hand and a basket of eggs in the other. The sudden collision of the dog with her extremities threw her from her feet, and she sat down upon the basket of eggs, at the same time breaking the jag of molasses upon the side walk. A young gentleman, carpet bag in hand, anxious to catch the train, was run ning close behind and stepping upon the fragments of the jug and its contents, sat down upon the chest of the Dutch woman, who said "Mein Goth" The young man said something about mad dog, but iu the excitement of the moment said it back wards. In the meantime the dog had rnu against the feet of a team of horses, attached to a load of potatoes, and they taking fright, s'arted for home. The end board being out, they unloaded the potatoes along the mad as they went. Crossing the railroad track about a mile from this place, the wag on caught in the rail and tore ooe of them from its place. A freight train coming along a few minutes later, was thrown from the track, smashing up a dozen cars, and killing thirty or forty hogs. The horses oo reaching borne ran through the barn yard and overturned a milk pail, the contents of which another two cent dog licked np. One of the horses having broken his leg was killed this morning and the other crippled for life. It is now a mooted question wheth er the man who threw the brick at the two cent dog, or the man who owns it is respon sible for the chapter of accidents whicn fol lowed. Some think they do. — Kxchaugt. DI KING a recitation on Xaturil History, in one of our well-kuowu colleges,, a stu dent in pur.-uit of knowledge concerning the habits of animals, said : "Professor, why docs a cat while eating, turn her head first one way, and then tb: oHler ?"' 'For the reason,' replied the Professor, "that she can't turn it both ways at once. A VtH'N'o lady in Newark, when her jeal ous admirer sent back her letters with a re quest that she would return bis, answered that she regretted that she could not comp'f immediately, as she had lent them to i young gentleman to read WHEN is a lawyer strongest? Wheu HE i feeblest. [SUBSCRIPTION TERMS, AC The rtiHR If published etery FeittAr morn in J he following r*tee: Ox* 'V*A, (in adrenee,) " " (t( not paid within fix m 0*.)... IJ.i* " " (if not paid within the year,)... $3.6f All pajer* outside of the county discontinued without iitiw, at the expiration of the time for which the subscription ha* been paid. Single copies ef the paper fur nished,ia wrapper* at #ve sents each. Communication* on sabjeota of local er general ntereft, are rerpeotfullr solicited. To ensure at tention far or* of thie kind mart iarariabty be accompanied by the name of the author, not for publication, but a. 1 guaranty against imposition. All letters pertaining to business of the office should be addressed to IXTZ A JORIMX, Canroan, PA. j K Kw>tviiv f a agau<si uapotilt'sc. AM letter* jwrUining to buiinen f tbv should be il<lrMed to TX'TX A JORDAN, Cactoap. PA. HTKRABV LICHTHBia. There is a good deal of truth in the re mark that ts-ay writing is very hard reading. Grace. lightness and vivacity are not unfrequeotly the r era It of exceedingly hard and pains taking labor. We have an illus tration of this in the writings of the late N■ P. Willis, which owed their popnlaritjr to these very qualities. A writer in the iatc nutnb ir of the Homr Juvrual. in giving an estimate of the literary character of Mr. Willis, says: "Although all of Willis's writings, judging from their easy elegance, seem to have flowed from his pen without the least effort, those of his friends who knew him most intimately assure us that he was far from being a ready writer. Four or five pages of foolscap were with him a good morning's work, and it sometimes hap pened that these pages contained so many erasures that they would not make, half a column in his paper. He was always most pains taking and conscientious Parton. who was junior editor with him for several years, says he knew him one evening to write and re-write a sentence for two hours before h ir** satisfied with it. He did the very best he could every time be put the pen to the paper.' " This statement will doubtless apply to s> great many other writers celebrated for the gracefulness of their style. Like Sheridan s "impromp tus," their "airy nothings" are the product of hard labor in the literary workshops. Writing that seems to he "as easy as roll ing off a log," is sometimes the result of labor as hard as that required to roll the aforesaid up a steep hill. "A MAN IS WHAT HE KNOWS."—So said Lord .Bacon. A man is what money he has, in words or thought, says many a uian far inferior to Lord Bacon. Neither of these sayings may be exactly the truth, though the former is more nearly correct. A man s knowledge cannot 1* separated from him, but is part of himself, and will be throughout this and another life. It can no more be annihilated than the mind itself. It may be forgotten for a time, but it trill bo r.vu.ooaaJ Onee octmred. it u • sure and eternal possession. But a man money is not part of himself. It is external anf cannot be incorporated into his being It is perishable, and may be acquired by in heritance. or the merest accident. Knowl edge can be gained only by the efforts of the individual himself, and its possession is a sure indication that a man has control of his powers, that be can bravely meet and over come difficulties, and ean steadily apply himself to ooe object until he has accom plished it. When man leaves this earth he parts with his money forever. Bui his knowledge, his tastes, his habits of Teelinc and actiug will accompany him beyot>d the boundary of this life Which then is the wiser man. he who devotes all his time and energies to the acquisition of money, or he who devotes a part of them to the acquisi tion of knowledge?— Pittsburgh Goaettr. Tut SCOTCH NATIONAL EMBLEM.—In the year 1010, during the reign of Malcolm 1., Scotland was invaded by the Danes, who made a descent on Aberdeenshire, selecting the still hour of midnight as the time to make a descent on Stane's Castle. When all was ready, and there was a reasonable hope that the inmates of the castle were asleep, they commenced their march. They ad vanced cautiously, taking of their shoes to prevent their footsteps being heard. They ipproacbed;the lofty tower, their hearts beat ing in joyous anticipation of victory. Not a sound was heard from within, and they could scarcely refrain from exclamations of delight: for they had but to swim across the moat, and place scaling ladders, and the castle was theirs. But in another moment a cry from themselves aroused the inmates to a sense of their danger, the guards flew to their posts, and pursued the now trembling Danes, who fled before them, and the inva ders were repulsed. The cause was that the moat, instead of being filled with water was in reality dried up and overgrown with thistles, which pierced the unprotected feet of the assailants, who, tortured with pain, forgot their cautious silence, and uttered the cry which had alarmed the inmates of the castle; and from that day the thistle has been the national emblem. ANECDOTE or SENATOR SCOTT.—TheGet - tysburg Star relates the following anec dote highly compiimetary to our lately elected United States Senator: —"We are glad to notice that President Grant has made a rale to receive no calls on the Sab bath, and has forbidden his Secretaries to bring him any letters or telegrams, except they are on important public buisness, in answer to something he has called for. In this connection, it may not be improper to give an incident that recently occurred in Washington equally creditable to Senator Scott of Pennsylvania. Ooe Sabbath morn ing a member of the Senate sent Mr. Scott a package of papers with notice tbat be would call in the evening to confer on the subject matter. Calling according to prom ise, the inquiry was made wether be had examined the papers sent to liiui. Senator Scott, who is a ruling elder in the Presby terian Church, promptly replied tbat be had not —that be bad been accustomed to ob serve the Christian Sabbath, aed did not propose to look at them till Monday morn ing—-as this was Sabbath evening be expec ted a usual to go to church. Ami to church he went." FRIENDSHIP OF WOMEN.—It is a woud ious advantage to man. in every pursuit or vocation, to seeure an adviser in a sensible woman. In a woman there is at once a subtle delicacy of tact and a plain soundness of judgment which arc rarely <x>mbioe-i to an equal degree in man. A woman, if she be really your friend, will have a sensitive reguard for your character, honor, and re pute. She will seldom connnel you to do shabby things . for a woman friend always desires to be proud of you. At the same time her constitutional timidity makes her more cautious than your male friend. She therefore seldom counsels you to do animpru dent thing. A man's best female friend is a wife of good sense and heart, whom be love*, and who loves him. But supposing the man to be without such a helpmate, female friendship he must have, or his intel lect will be without a garden, and there will be many an unheeded gap even in its strou rest fence. AT what time of life may a man be -id ! to bclooK to the vegetable kingdom? When 'ong experience ha.' made bins siec