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oKoitm: ii. moohi:, i:onoii.
111.00M811U1UJ, HATOHDAY, .11112 SI, lSUtl. THE TRIAL OP JEFF. POSTPONED. DAVIS Tun trial of the arch traitor. Jefferson Davis, has been postponed. It Is assort ed tluit our renegade United Stnlcs Sen ator, Edgar Cowttn, has engineered this movement, his object being to avoid cur rying tht load of odium which his ueqtilt tnl will ontnlt on the " Johnson party1' In thoensulngolectlon. It now looks to us as though It was the deliberate. purposu or tho President to let the Uebel elder es cape trial and pitnMimcnt altogether. Tho Rebel sympathizers who now sup Krttho President demand this or Mr. Johnson. It Is only In aeeord with tho "policy" that no inws should ho passed Ty Congress without tlrst admitting rep resentatives from tho Southern States to participate in Its deliberations. This postponement of the trial of Dnvla Is an evidence, wo repeat, that President Johnson Is conniving at the arrangements for his ultimate escape from punishment. Of course it would not do to allow this escape to tako place now. it would seriously eiieci mo pros pects of Copperhead candidates heforo tho people. It would damage the lntor cata of tho Johnson party In tho Con gress to bo elected this Fall. Columbia Count 1 Jlepubllcan. Tho nbovo article contains about as much falsehood and malignity as could well bo compressed In thu same space. To show that wo make no misrepresen tation, n plain statement of such facts iis havo already passed into history will mifllce. When tho case against Jefferson Davis came on to bo heard in Court, lie appear ed by his counsel, and demanded an Im mediate trial. Underwood, tho presid ing Judge, refused to proceed with the trial, and assigned his reasons for the postponement as follows: Thn Chlof-.Tustipp. who is expected to preside on this trial, has named tho ilrst Tuesday In October as tno time mat will bo most convenient for him, and the Attorney-General has Indicated that it would bo utterly impossible for him, under tho nressnro of his many duties. now greatly increased by tho troubles on the Northern frontier, to give, on so short notice, the attention to this grout question which its importance demands. After this statement by Judge Under wood, who, except one wilfully bent on j perverting tho truth, would charge that Senator Cowan iiad engineered, with tho consent nndapprobation of thoPrcsidcnt, tho postponement of tho trial? It Is a matter of history and of record in tho Court that the delay was against the pro test of Mr. Davis, and tho continuance until October next was granted tosuit tho convenience of Chief-Justice Chaso and Attorney-General Speed. Our Radical friends do not question the loyalty of either of tho last two named, hike Civsar's wife, they arc above suspicion, and their disposition to procure a con viction, to bo followed by capital execu tion, isnot doubted. In the light of these facts how trans parent is tiie falsehood that President Johnson delays, or is the cause of the delay of tho trial of Davis, and how in famous in tho eyes of every honest and truth-loving man must the author of that falsehood appear 1 Verily, Mr. President, you committed tho unpardonable sin when you declined to send to tho Senate the name of this editor for confirmation as Assessor, It is believed that Congress will ad' Journ about tho middle of July. The session lias been Important, and lias furnished much material for popular debato in tho coming elections of the present year. Tho proposed amend' incuts to tho Constitution, and the rc- port of tho Committee on Reconstruc tion in particular, present issues deserv ing of careful attention and extended debate, which they will doubtless re ceive. Wo shall tako occasion hereaf ter to examino sundry questions which havo been pending in Congress, as we liavo heretofore examined vetoes of tho President, and in tho same spirit of fair ness and Justice. It is ono of tho duties of independent Journalism to renounco misrepresenta tion from tho discussion of public ques tions, and present them truly for tho judgment of tho people, leaving to strictly partisan journals tho business of partyalTairsanddenunciatton. Wo have lu conformity with tho purposo wo had In view In publishing this paper, given from tlmo to time, reports of political meetings, without distinction, and In this number wo publish nn account of tho meeting of what is called tho John bon party, ncid in ucavor County re cently. GENERAL HUMPHREY'S PORT. BE' Tiik report of Major-General Hum phries to tho War Department, concern lng tho lovees of tlio Mississippi, was transmitted by tho Secretary or War to tho Senate a row days since, in response to ti recent resolution. Tho break are hhown to bo very numerous, and tho re- Milts of couscqueut ovcrllows unusually disastrous. Ho recommends at tlio pros ent time, in accordnnco with his instruc tions from tho War Department, tho following repairs: First, levees on tho Yazoo Ilottoins, 009,000 cubic yards, nt n cost of 530.J.000 ; second, eight levee on tho Tensas Uottoin, 7.10,000 cubic yards, costing $20.",OO0 ; third, thrco le veca on tho Mississippi Delta, G5 1,000 cubic yards, costing $217,000. Tho throe make an aggregate expense or 5817,000 for 1,082,000 cubic yards. Tlio General btates that at present prices the crops of cotton grown In tho alluvial region nbovo Red River would amount to $108,000,000, and that tho products of tho sugar region below, at present price, was equivalent to $50,000,000. lloe.-tl-mates that tho completonnd permanent repair of all tho levees of the river would require $1,200,000 for tho Statoof Arkansas j $1,,100,000 for Mississippi; $1,200,000 ror Louisiana; a total of $;!, UOOino. It appears Hint tho repairs THE made last "Winter upon the levees in Louisiana amounted to 700,000 square yards, llo refers to statements in his report of a former examination of tho leveo system, which nssumo that tho cost of all tho levees of tlio river, If none were then In existence, and a complete and sulllclent protection should bo se cured, would amount to $20,000,000, and to perfect those already In existence would require 17,000,000. lie estimates the alluvial lands of the Mississippi at 017,000 square miles, of which 12.1,000 square miles below the Kcd lllvcr lie In tho sugar region, of which one third might bo brought under cultivation. This would open a million and a, half of sugar lands In addlllon to tho million acres now open to cultivation. Or tho remainder 10,000 square miles arc cotton lands, and aro or the, most fertile char acter, two thirds of which should be made available to culture. This would give 7,000,000 ncres or cultivated laud capable or growing a bale or cotton per acre, or about double the whole cotton crop of tho United States in 1800. WASHINGTON LETTEE, WAsiiunTos, 1). C, Juno 21, 1SW. "llowmuch tho Washington peoplo havo seen the past row years," was tho remark or a gentleman as tho funeral procession followed the corpse or n dis tinguished olllcer, Avhose lifts had fallen a sacrifice to his devotion to his country, and whoso remains were to be sent to ids home in a distant State. It is my purpose to send you some In cidents of this character, hoping that they may possess interest. Tho death of Colonel W. W. Seaton recalls to many minds highly honorable incidents in his career, for no shadow falls on hisupright and honorablocourso. An early friend of colonization and emancipation, his printing establish ment, at the time tho olllce of Dr. Bailey was burned, only escaped tho same fate by the Judicious appeals of friends. In a conversation in 1801, which will always be remembered with pleasure, ho said few peoplo wero aware how much had been accomplished by the peoplo of Washington for tho freedom of tho colored race. Not alluding to his own liberality, ho remarked: "1 have known my partner, Mr. (fales, to give onothousand dollars topurehusc the free dom of n single slave. A devout attendant at tho Unitarian Church, ho preferred the simple and sublime teachings of tho Saviour to the discussion of secular subjects, and no one ever felt a deeper interest in his adopted city and its improvement than Colonel Seaton. As mayor or the city the means of ed ucation received his loitering care, and the hospitality or Ids cultivated home embellished social lire at the capital or the nation. Tho high character his paper, the In Mligenccr, always sustained is well por traycu ny i)r. Sunderland In n poem written in 1800: Xocliookmayliliishtliolrclianlpni'ilpnKC'rornslnK, soul may sicken o'er their rcmtt-iitN mining: Their luimpi't-call lu tlirillliii; blast xi'iKlMKrc-utlnu To distant homes, w hero patriot lilootl Is tieatlng; Ami when tho IhhIm offmud ami faction surging. Tho great ltepubllo to tho brink aro urging. Tho stoutest Knliit or tlio Luul illt-miiylng, Their old voice, rise, UUo a propliot praying. Well done ! yo gray-lialreil NiMorsof tlio stylus ; Thouuli perils threaten ami mistakes lieuulle us, Long nay yo live, your civic honors shailmr. Iouk may yo drink tlio cup of Oanyincdo, UUo Itome'8 great Anaees, the sous of I,eda I Long truly yo move, seveno In each condition, Robust In age, ntlll Htalnless lu your mission, Tlll.faradvaiK'edJilfo'acvcnlngshaclesarefitealiug Ami vesper lictw from Jlejiven'.s high towers aro pealing. In silver tones, your orbit In betoken, O, gently tho golden Iw nvl be broken, Tlio rlH-ncil shock bo bottnd by angel reapers. Ami tears, our trlbuU, fall aboo tho steeper! M. GENERAL PEESS DESPATCHES From Washington. Tin; assault oi uenerai uoiisscau up on Mr. Grinnell, which took place on tlio fourteenth instant at tho east front o tlio Capitol, is tho absorbing top here. Tho account given of tho aff.ii by tho parties themselves and the ey witnesses agreo in tho main. Fron tlieffO several accounts it appears, that after tho IIou.-o had adjourned, Mr, Grinnell was seen passing out of the ro tunda through the door leading to tlio cat front of tlio Capitol, followed close ly by General Rousseau. When Mr Grinnell had arrived near the steps lead lng to the ground, lie was overtaken by General Rousseau, who tupped him on tho shoulder anil said, "Mr. Grinnell, have been waiting four days anxious! ioran apoiogy irom you lor tlio gross insult or last Monday, on tho floor or tho House." Mr. Grinnell replied, havo no apology to make, sir; I liav nothing to say." General Rousseau quickly answered, " I'll teach you, sir; and at once applied n rattan cane rapid! upon tlio shoulders and face or Mr Grluiicll,strlklnghlui once or twico upon tho right and left shoulders, and the upon each sido or tho race, when tho cano broke. Mr. Grinnell then graspei General Rousseau by tlio arms, reiuarl- lng as he did so, " I don't want to hurt you, sir." Rousseau, jerking away from Grlniiell's grasp, replied, "Nor do I wish to hurt you, sir, but I want t disgrace you, sir." " All rightall righ sir," rejoined Grinnell, "you dld't hurt mo much, sir; all right," and stooping down ho nicked up a pleco of tho cane and starting oil' again, said, "All right sir." Tho several witnesses gavosomo additional colloquy, hut tho pnrtic themselves do not recollect anything further than what Is above set forth, nor do tho additional statements of tho wit nesses alter tho facts as wo havo give them. Jt does not appear that any at tempt was made by tho witnesses to in torfero while tho contestants wero en gaged in their pugilistic exercise, tun tho whole thing was of very brief durii' tion. Tlio court-martial In tho caso of Lieu tenant-Colonel K. E. Paulding, Paymas ter of tills District, who has been on trial for violation of orders In transfe ring public money to tho Merchant National Dank, fully exonerates him of nil corr-ipt motives. COLUMBIAN, BLOOMSBUKG, SATURDAY, JUNE 23, The Secretary or the Treasury has transmitted a report to tho Committee on Public lltilldlngs, urging the erection of asnltable building for a State Depart ment, and proving conclusively, by ac tual calculations, that the great lncrcaso in the business of tho Department lias made tho original plan or providing ac comodations ror tho Slate Department lu the Treasury buildings Impracticable. The President's veto of the New York and Montana Minim; Company 11111 ic- elvos the approval of nearly every one, ixcoptmg those interested. It was laperoned through the Senate by Mr. Wade, and gave exclusive right to tho orporatlon to enter upon and preempt alternate sections of mining lands at a dollar and n quarter per acre, In advance f Its survey or being thrown Into mar ket. The object or the bill was mani festly to enrich the corporators at Gov ernment expense. Most of the pardons now granted by tho President aro issued upon tin) earn est request or leading men of tlio North. I mentioned some prominent isos of this character In my despatches few days ago. On Tuesday last tho President pardoned Watlo Keys, of Montgomery, Ala., Into Assistant Attorney-General of the Southern Confed eracy, and George Maney,"or Nashville, Into Brigadier-General in the Rebel ar my. The llrst or these acts or clemency was done upon the special request or Attorney-General Speed and Admiral Lee ; tho second upon tho reconimenda- of Mr. Speed and Major-General George II. Thomas. The soldiers' and sailors' orphans' fair is still the attraction of the city, and Is rowded nightly. On Tuesday night peeches were made by Speaker Colfax, who introduced President Roberts, Head Centre of tho fighting Fenians. In his remarks Mr. Colfax said that while lie would do nothing that would bo nn Infraction of law, ho would yet xtend his sincere and heartfelt sympa thy to tho euuo of oppressed Ireland, of whom Mr. Roberts was tho represen tative. The latter was then introduced and made qui to a sensible speech, much more so than tho school-boy twaddle of lead Centra Stephens the other night. I'lio remarks of both speakers, especially when they alluded to England's con duct toward us during the war, wero greeted with great applause. Very little business was transacted In either branch of Congress on Tuesday Mr. Raymond made a two hours' speech in opposition to tho constitutional amendment, which is pronounced one of his most argumentative efforts. Ho ook strict eoiistuctionist Democratic grounds, and denied tho rigid of Con gross to exercise any authority not ex iressly delegated in tho Constitution riio power to prescribe any terms or conditions on whlehnlonoaStatoshouId bo entitled to representation was, in Ids opinion, neither expressed nor Implied nud could not, therefore, bo rightfully exercised. The passage of tho amend' incuts would give Congress now power to exclude representatives which it did not now practically pos-css, since no member could ho admitted in opposi tion to a two-thirds' vote. Mr. Schenck's Army Bill, second edi tion, caino up In the House on Tues day, and its consideration proceeded with under the live-niinuto speech rule. Very little nttentlon was paid to its fea tures, as it is generally understood that the bill is to pass, and the dead-lock be tween tho two Houses on tills important subject to bo finally settled by a Com mittee of Conference. Tho Senate Rill, in tlio main, will undoubtedly prevail finally. The Comptroller of tho Treasury has decided that all mutilated National Rank notes must lie sent to the olllces from which they were issued for redemp tion, when, if tlie banks recognize them, ho will redeem them. All United Slates notes, when not defaced more than to tho extent of ono twentieth, will bo re deemed at tho Treasury Department at their full face vnluo; when the mutila tion is greater the redemption will bo in proportion. Tlio Committee on Elections on Tuc:- day decided the contested election case in the Twenty-flr.-t Pennsylvania Dis trict Fuller vs. Dawson in favor of tlio sitting member, Mr. Dawson, Dem ocrat. The feinalo clerks employed in the Treasury Department aro raising a fund to procure a suitable present for Senator Fessendon, ns a testimonial of their gratitude for tho Senator's efforts In pass iug a law increasing tho salaries of tho clerks in the Treasury Department The number or olllcers remaining In tho volunteorscrvleonrousfollows: As sistant qunrtcrnia'tors, nluely-slx; com missaries, forty; surgeons, twelve; as sistant surgeons, five; paymasters, ninety-four; hospital chaplains, ten; aides- de-camps, of tho rank of colonel, four; nidcs-de-eanips of tho rank or major, twelve; nldes-de-cnmps of the rank of captain, twoiity-flvo ; assistant adjutant generals of tlio rank of major, twenty- llvo; assistant adjutant-generals of tho rank or captain, thirty-six; Judges ad vocate, ten ; major-generals, twenty- threo; brigadier-generals, twenty. Secretary McCulloch's purchases and sales or gold sinco January first, lRG.ri, aro to bo tho subject or olllclal investiga tion by tho House Comniitteo on Ranks and Currency. Mr. Wilson, of Iowa, taking for Ills text Mr. McCulloch's let ter to tho House with reference to his transactions lu gold and bonds during January and February, moved a resolu tion to the above effect on tho twentieth instant, which was referred to tho Rank ing Comniitteo for consideration. Tho bounty money accruing to the olllcers and men of tho following nam ed vessels, viz. : Henton, Cairo, Gtron dclcl, J.aulsrltd; S7. JmuIk, Monttn-h, and Queen f the West, for tho destruc tion or tho enemy's vessels at Memphis in June, 1802, is now ready for payment in tho Fourth Auditor's Olllce. Orders havo been received todlstrlbuteaudpay tho prize money to those engaged lu the light at Mobile, in August, IKC.l. This will lio ready for payment In about two months from the present date. The to tal amount Involved In the letter Issov- ii hundred and sixty-seven thousand mid ninety-eight dollars and thlrty-nlno cents. I'he Stecdman-Ftillerton Commission left 'Mobile for Mississippi on Wednes day. They will not vl'lt Arkansas on this trip, but conclude their Investiga tions with Texas. Albert Rhodes'?, of Pittsburg, Penn sylvania, nomination as Consul to Hot- terdftni has been sent In to the Senate. I'he Senate, In executive session on Wednesday, confirmed the nomination of Lyman W. Potter as collector of In fernal Revenue for tho Seventeenth District of Ohio, and that of L. J. Czapkay, or California, us Consul at Bucharest. Ex-General Edward S. Bragg was rejected as United States At- Attorney for Wisconsin. TIIE POWER OF REMOVAL FROM OFFICE. Bv the Constitution It Is required that tliuPresldciitshallappoint'byiind with thondvicoiind consent or the Senate," all olllcers whoso appointment is not otherwNo directed by law. Ho also has " power to fill up all vacancies that may happen during tho recess or tho Senate" by commissions which expire at the end of the next session. But nothing issald as to tho power of removal from ofllce, either for ofllcial delinquency or at dis cretion. There were many jealousies to be dealt with in the introduction or a upreme government with all necessary powers. It Is probable that nn unwil lingness to provoke such jealousy was tho reason why the f rumors of tho Con stitution made no direct provision for emovals. President Washington as sumed that tho power of removal was a necessary incident or the supremo ex ecutive power vested in tho President, and thnt'Such removal by tho act of the President alone, during the recess of the Senate, caused a vacancy, which he was thereupon empowered to " fill up This assumption, acquiesced in by the First Congress, became the established usage of the Government to the present time. Tlio fact that tills usage did not pass unquestioned, and that tho subject was thoroughly discussed in Congress, adds to the Importance of tho precedent, as proof that it was in full accordnnco with the will of the peoploat that period, and thus rests on the same authority with tho written Constitution. The failure of nil attempts to change it is a further proof that tho popular will is unaltered in this respect, and that thistis part of the process by which the people of the United States chooso to have their Gov ernment administered. The subject camo up in the First Con gress on tho nineteenth of May, 1780, during tlio third week after tho inaug uration of the President. Mr. Madison moved the establishment of three Ex ecutlvo Departments onoof Foreign Af fairs, one for tlio Treasury, and one for War; tho Secretaries "to bo removable by the President." Mr. Smith, of South Carolina, moti-jiit mat an olllcer once appointed " must remain until convict ed by impeachment." Mr. Matlisonsaid if such wero the true meaning of tho Constitution ho would submit to it, but as a ratal error in tlio system, anil one that would ultimately prove its destruc tion." He said: I think it absolutely necessary that the President should havo tho power of removing from ofllco; it would make him, in a peculiar manner, responsible ior ineir conuuer, aim sumect mm to nmeaohiiient hinisell. if ho suffer them to perpetrate with impunity high crimes or misdemeanors against the United States, or neglects to superintend their cummer, so as to ciiccic tlieir excesses, tin tlio constitutionality of the declara tion J havo.no manner ol doubt. This full declaration of Mr. Madison is itself conclusive. It was supported in argument by such men ns Egbert Ilenson, of New York ; Vining, of Del aware; Georgo Thatcher and Benjamin Goodhue, of Massachusetts; Elias Boa dinot, of Jvew Jersey; and Georgo Cly mer, of Pennsylvania, and sustained b, thellouse" by a considerable majority. The subject was discussed again on the sixteenth or June, when tho Oppositioi renewed their most strenuous efforts, on a great diversity of reasons, to havo tho clause stricken out. Tho bill was. sup ported by Theodore Sedgwick and Fish er Ames, of Massachusetts, in elaborate arguments going to tlio nature of gov eminent. Their arguments and thosi ol -Air. Madison aro wormy or being re produced at this time. Tho motion to striko out was lost, twenty to thirty four, and tlio clause passed, as it stands to this day. Mr. Ames said, "Tho power of removal is Incident to govern nient ; and Mr. Sedgwick said, " It must bo conferred upon tho President by the Constitution, as tlio executive olllcer of tho Government." Mr. Madison said Where the people are disposed to giv so croat an elevation to ono or their lot Iow-cit!.ens, I own that 1 am not afraid to nlnco my conlldonco in him, especial ly when 1 know that ho is impeachable for any criiiioormisdenieanor before the rseiiaio, at an times; ami mat, in an events, lie Is impeachable before tho coi munlt.v at lariro every four years, in is liable to bo displaced ir his conduc has given umbrage during tho tlmu lie lias ueen in onice. These thoughts aro cmlnctly proper to bo considered at tho present time, hot! by Congress and by tho people. It surely follows that any curtailment of this power of removal will destroy tho bal anco of powers in tho Government, will so fiir dlsablo tho President from seem ing tho proper execution of tho laws and thus enable him to shun tho re-spou blllty which belongs to his olllce. would also weaken tho hands or tho Ex- ecutlvo nt tho very timet when great public exigencies may require that hi olllco should bo strengthened to tho ut most vigor or action, as in tlio tlmo o war or or civil disturbance. Wo ought not to forget that legislation is to alloc tho future, us well as tho Immediate present, AVio York livening Post, Tin: closing of Sunday bar-rooms in Washington has materially reduced the number of arrests in that city. GENERAL ROUSSEAU. Ir it be ever possible for a gentleman to receive such provocation and Insjilt as to be Incapable of replying to it by more words, and feel Impelled to vent his Indignation by a physical castlgatlon the offender, then unquestionably General Rotisscnu received such Insult ing personal provocation from Mr. Grin nell, or lown, on Monday last. For tho latter, in sunh nn extraordinary nsaull as that on the day referred to, to charge tho distinguished Kentucky I'nlonisl, who, in the early days of the war, won tho admiration or tlio nation for his hole-souled devotion to tlio Union and the flag, with having no other record than that of a negro-hunter; tochnrge one or the gallnntest or Kentucky's sol diers with poltroonery and the most contemptible conduct; to speak or Gen eral Rousseau's nillltnry services ns "nil pretence, nil the merest mockery a mere blowing or his own horn ;" to necrlngly designate an explanatory re mark or his. as worthy only of n " fellow who had n qunrrcl with a colored bar- 1 or;" to speak of him as "whining off is plea tier reminino skirts, etc., etc.; to vul garly talk or him as "assuming the airs or a certain bird that has a more than usual extremity or tall, wanting in tlie other extremity;" to insolently point out him, according to the report 'And there," said Mr. Grinnell, in n most contemptuous manner, " there he stands, six feet high, and even calling himself n biittonetl-up general ofllcrr and gcntleninn;" to keep this sort of thing up, with variable vulgarity of figure, but invariable maliciousness of temper, was nseurcdly something more than ono would expect n Aentueuhtn nt least to meekly endure. Kentucklans may bo accused of being eltheiisalntsor philosophers; but no ono of tho tribe, bo he philosopher or saint, has ever yet been charged with failing to take due notice or such language when applied to him. General Rousseau bore himself with remarkable dignity, so far as the telegraph reported, and only once, in a moment of Avarmth, declared that " n tlio Speaker did not protect him from uch remarks ho must protect himself." Three days after, however, or on Thurs day last, having waited ror tho apology which lie had understood was to be sent ho replied to Mr. Grlniiell's assault by a vigorous caning or his person outside or the House. We nre sure that General Rousseau would not have suffered in the estima tion of his countrymen or his fellow members had he permitted the matter to remain as it stood nt tho close of tho proceedings on Monday. Rut neither will thoo who aro possessed of a knowl edge or human .nature, or those who aro possessed or human nature itseir, boablo to see other than one or Its genuine im pulses finding expression through that chastising cane. We think it time that Congress should adopt some means or preventing such outrageous and disgraceful assaults as that made by Mr. Grinnell. Wo nre as tonished that such langiiargo as ho used should bo permitted to continue to dis grace tho House without more vigorous protests from tho members, and mon decisive language from tho Speaker, than wero uttered on the occasion ro ferred to. We know of no other legis lative assemblage in tho world where anything like it would for a moment be tolerated. And we know that no such body can maintain tlie respect of an In telligent public while it allows such out rages to disgrace its record. Acie 3 or Timet, June tfl QUACK EDUCATION. Tin: latest device for opening a royal road to learning is " object teaching,' which like Bottom's Dream, so called " becauso it had no bottom," apparent ly derives its title from tho fact that It Is pursuit without any ascertained ob ject. But it lias astounding results, After months of it, you shall 11 ml your child unable to reatl or write, and utter ly innocent of the multiplication table blithe has! mastered tho "elementary sounds," can draw triangles and paral lelograms, and set forth tho propertio thereor. Ho cannot spell his name; hut ir you ulludo to green as a color, ho will assure you that is only a secondary col or, overwhelm you with tho rudiments or optics, and beg ror a prism that ho may expound refraction, llo Is exu berant with unsuspected physiological lore, and takes you aback with tlio name of your bones and position of tlio vari ous organs. Ho destroys your appetite at meals by unpleasant information n specling tho composition .iff your rood and prevalence or trlchinlosls. He de molishes your parlor ornaments with boomerangs, and your windows by ex periinental study of tho principles of incidence and reflection, lie wishes bean-bags, Indian clubs, and a trapeze. that lie may practise home gymnastics and a " pen" out of doors, that ho may rclap-o into barbarism in " sun-baths. as counselled by Dr. DIo Lewis. Ho 1 nil orator before ho can read ; can niai tho world In variegated crayons befor ho can put the names or Its nntlons in on his slate; Is learned in chemistry pliysiology, telegraphing, arts and be enecs innumerable, heforo Ito know his alphabet; is, In short, an Admirable Crlchton heforo hols qualified to gradu ato from an old stylo district school Nice as It all seems, suspicion gradual! dawns upon tho observant spectator. It early becomes obvious that however geography, surveying, physics, and zo ology may thrive under tho stimulus of " objects," history, language, and otht subjects not susceptible thereor maki little progress. Your Infant phenome non may win laurels In an examination adroitly adapted by his teacher to hi capacity of display, but ho bids fair t stand confessed a booby in ordinary life "Objects" will turn out to ho but poor help when applied to hfo, luce, hoc, and have but a remote connection with ledgers, Dlackstone.nnd tho early Fath ers, though they may accord well enough with machinery, achltecture, surgery, r dilettinteic-m, JSGG. Like every other extravagance, this new absurdity started with legitimate irenilscs. It was well enough to in- fuso Into children's minds a spirit orin- stltratlon. analysis, and Inquiry J nun the object teachers argue, Hko Mrs. Jar- V, their possession or tlio original ami only means iff doing so. 1 n competent hands, and conducted with moderation and discretion, tlie object system might be bcneilcal ; but it has been appropria ted bv that class or educational mouiite- mnks and impostors which clusters about second-rate normal schools, pro mulgates Its empiricisms in mutual nd- nlratlon conventions, and is tioiuging the country with hall-educated " nor mal L'raduates." the living evidence or a little learning. Under these auspices there Is no perception of thu true capa cities of tlio study, which Is valued chlelly as an attractive addition to tlioso delusive public examinations which uivo tlio various advantages of gratult ously advertising schools and their teachers, of Imposing upon their pn- trims a boiler that their children's pro- llclency in their studies Is comniensu- ate with their readiness or response to previously " crammed" interrogations, ami of rendering the children them selves bold, superficial, and deceitful. Such is object teaching as now practised. Hound Table. . LABORS OF TriE PRESIDENT. Win iara class ( Ignorant and mall Ions persons in different parts or the country aro using every abusive epitnet they can invent to President Johnson, In regard to his political record, misin terpreting his motives and oven viola ting tho saeredness or social life, at tempting to assassinate his private char acter to accomplish their nefarious purposes, that sincere patriot Is working everv twenty-lour nours irom cigin o'clock in the niornlnguntil ten, eleven, mil sometimes twelve o'clock at night, receiving people singly and in delega tions from different sections or the conn try, who approach him with all sorts or petitions, propositions, and complaints about all sorts or public and private business. Two days in a week', between the hours or twelve and two or three clock Tuesdays and Fridays lie de votes to tho regular meetings ol tlie Cabinet. On pleasant afternoons lie steals awav one hour from the drudgery of the "shop" to ride abroad, and whll thus obtaining a little exercise, his mind is reflecting upon, and working out the rout problems Involved in tho dillleult work of reconstruction. His Sunday aro similarly occupied in Senators' and Representatives' call, as usual. Business men, olllcc-holders, cotton-brokers, and real friends disregard the saeredness of tho seventh day. They all seek inter views, and many obtain them. They did it throughout Mr. Lincoln's admin istration, and they havo done tho same during Mr. Johnson's term thus far, There is no peace for tho President. He is not only expected to perform all sorb of drudgery which really belongs to the bureaus of the different departments but also to rectify every blunder made by the humblest subordinate in every branch of tlio Government. Ho is ex pected to see that widows and orphans whoso husbands and fathers wero killed in battle receivethelr pensions; that tho wounded soldier and sailor Is provided with some means of support ; that John Smith's confiscated cotton is restored thnt John Jones's tobacco, seizetl by tho military, is released ; that Mr. Mi-chle maker is removed from olllce, and Mr, Sinoolhfuce appointed ; that greenback shall be forthwith converted into gold and, in short (or what is equivalent t it), that black shall become white. Tho duties and responsibilities of the President of the United States are more irksome, trying, and continuous than those of any other man holding ofllce In tlio Government. At the sumo time that he Is" the best abused man" in the Government, there is not the slightest doubt. Xationul llejmbllvan. THE IMPENDING WAR. The Indications that war will soon breat out in Europe aro increasing. A Prussian division under General Fleiss crossed the Eider on tlio seventh, and entered Holstcin. They are said to be ordered to occupy Rendsburg, Kiel, and Itzehoe. Tho entry of the Prussians Into Hol stelu is regarded by some as n virtual commencement or tho war. A Vienna despatch says that tho dip lomatic relations between Austria and Prussia will ceaso the moment tho Prus sian representative at tho Diet leaves Frankfort. Austria had telegraphed General Gab lenz to avoid an armed conflict in Hol stcin. It Is stated that should a colli sion tako place the Austrian Army of the North will advanco against Prussia. Tho Conservative Association of Ber lin had appealed to tho electors to sus tain thu Government in its forclgu poli cy. It wa,s slated that France had sent n circular urging tlio middle German States to maintain a conipletoneutrnllty It is reported that four thousand Prus slan troops havo been stationed nloiij tlio fiontlertit Pot-sin, and that tho Rus shin frontier at Cracow is also partly oc cupicd. A Berlin Journal praises Prussia for her readiness to support the efforts to preserve peace, apd acknowledges that sho is now again completely 1'rco to tako whatever determination sho may deem expedient. It Is reported In Vienna that Russia concurs in tho attitude assumed by Aus tria. A Florence telegram says that Italy will commence hostilities as soon as war Is declared In Germany. A decreo was bstied at Florence on tho seventh, calling out for service tlio second categories of classes of 1812, 18 lit, nud 1813. Tlio Paris 0f7frff7oirlr-ayHthopo-' silton of Franco is not changed by tho recent events. Sho maintains an entire independence, and would only tako ac- tlvopavt If events or Imperative circum stances should render It her duty for tlni dofenccoriier national honoror Interests. Tho text or tho Austrian reply to the Courercnco Is published. It agrees with io representations already inado, and xpresscs surprise that tho Fontlflclal overnnieiit was not Invited to tno Con ference. General Matltenffel has Issued a proc lamation to tho Inhabitants of Schleswlg, announcing the despntch of troops tu Holstcin for the maintenance or tho sov ereign right'! or his royal master, which' ivobeen placed in Jeopardy. Thostcp, however, Is merely defensive In elmr acter. General Mnntcuffel Is said to hnvrf summoned Gabtcnz to re-establish it slate of common administration lu the? Duchies. The Austrliins wero reported to be" evacuating Kiel and concentrating at Allonn, where General Von Gabion and his staff had arrived. (V public meeting at Altona has adopt' ed resolutions thanking Austria for her" declaration in the Federal Diet, and ex' pressing tho determination of the in habitants to uphold the right of dispos- ng or their destinies by furmlug Duch ies In thoseparato German States, under the sovereignty or Prince Augusten Ijerg. GREAT UNION MEETING IN BEAVER COUNTY. A vmiYliirgeandenthuslastlomeetlng or the friends and supporters of tho President and his Administration was held in Beaver on tlie ilftli instant. Tho largo Court House was filled, packed to overflowing with Union Johnson Re publicans. The lion. Archibald Robinson, a life long Whig and Republican, was called to the chair, who, upon taking his scat, delivered n few brief but interesting re marks, referring to our late lamented Chief Magistrate, and concluded by in troducing Major Charles II. Shriner. Major Charles II. Shriner, of Union County, Pennsylvania, addressed tho meeting hi a speech replete with elo- qucuccand argument. Mr. Shriner was an elector for tlie Fourteenth Congres- lonal District (Harrisburg) at tho last Presidential election, and cast tlio vote of his District for Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson. He spoke for two hours, and held tho audience wrapped in interest by his statistics, references to the Constitution, resolutions of Congress, proclamations by Mr. Lincoln, etc. llo proceeded to say that President Johnson was but carrying out tlio policy of Abra ham Lincoln. This he elucidated by the position of Mr. Lincoln at the com mencement of tho war, and at a subse quent period, when tlio war was in full progress, and lastly, at the time tlie war was closed, just prior to his murder. He also showed that President John son's policy was endorsed by the Nation al Republican Convention at Baltimore, against the protest of Tliaddeus Stevens ; and practically, by admitting tho States or Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Missouri by a vote or four hundred and ninety-two against twenty-soven. At tlio close Mr. Shriner offered tho following preamble and resolutions, which wero adopted unanimously: Wnr.UKAs, The American Congress did. on tho twenty-llrst of July, 1801, with but two dissenting votes, resolve that this war is not waged on our part with any spirit of conquest or subjuga tion, but"to maintain tlio supremacy of tho Constitution, and preserve the Union with all tho dignity, equality, and rights of tho several States unim paired ;" and WmniKAS, Tho lamented Abraham Lincoln did, on the eighth day or De cember, ISO:!, put fortli a solemn procla mation containing his plan of recon struction, based substantially on tho above resolution of Congress; anil WiiKiiUAH, Mr. Lincoln did further, on the eleventh of April, 1805, only three days before the assassination, re iterate and nrguosaid plan of reconstruc tion at length, and with great ability and power; and WumiKAH, Andrew Johnson is now striving to carry out the policy thus begun by Abraham Lincoln; and WiimtKAs, for so doing Ids lire has been publicly threatened on the floor of congress ; tliereroro Hemlecil, That wo recognize in An drew Johnson tho pure patriot, the great statesman, and the eloquent champion ol the rights or tlio people, and that ror his efforts to preserve freedom for us and our children, from the dangers and en croachments of n centralized military despotism, he deserves tho heartfelt gratituileof every frlemloX constitution al liberty. Jlexulveil, That this Lincoln-Johnson reconstruction policy having been eiu doi-sed by tho Union National Convene tion at Baltimore, and rutllled by tho people, wo regard the faith of tlio nation as hereby pledged to its faithful execu tion nud performance. lleMiU-ul, That wo are Tor this policy (ff reconstruction, not merely because. Mr. Lincoln originated it, and bequeath ed it as his dying legacy to the Ameri can people, but becauso it is in Hm-IT right, and tho onlv nollev. us wn (liinL- tlmt can save us and our'posterity from the horrors of such centralized despot isms us now crush Franco, Russia, and Austria. l!:vjrcl. That (ho right of tho peoplo to make their own Stato laws, subject only to tho Constitution or tho United Slates, is a right dear to them, essential to their liberties, and " dangerous to ty rants only." Henulml, That President Johnson ha.s. endeared himself to the hearts of all true friends of liberty by his veto of tlio Civil Right's Bill (so-called) and of tho Freedmen's Bureau Bill, tho former of which denies to tho peoplo tho right to, make thelrown Stato laws, and Imposed line ami imprisonment on Stato Judges, and Juries for enforcing laws made in pursuance of rights guaranteed to tho peoplo by tho Constitution. L'enotred, Thnt Hon. Edgar Cowan, by his able and manly defenco of the Lliicolii-Johnsoii policy, hasshownhlin seir tho eloquent champion of tho peo ple's rights the bold and fearless eiiem v of consolidation anil despotism anit that his nnmeshall betrreenliithohenrU of tho people loin? after tbosn nf his. oiiemlcs aro imhoiioretl and forgotten. Fi,oui! is now brought from AViscon- sln, Iowa, Michigan, and Missouri, crossed over tho different roads to Phila delphia, returned to Harrisburg, whero tt is sold for less money than Hour manufactured from grain grown in tho Cumberland Valley.