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The Columbian. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1866-1910, August 11, 1866, Image 2

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r AT'tho lato se'slon'of Congress, on'tho
eighteenth of January, UlysscsMoj
voted for tho following hill, whlcirpajis?
cd tho Itouso and went to tho Senate.
Vquotofrom M'Phorson's " Manual,"
f ppmramnio. It Is entitled "A 11111
"Oxllmtiiig' tho right of sulfrago In tho
Dlstriel.of Columbia:" , jf
Jle It enacted, etc., Thnt from.all
and parts of laws prescrlblngitho quali
flentions of electors for any oHlce'ln tho
District of Columbia tho wordiiiivhite"
bo, and tho sumo Is hereby, stricken out,
and that from and after tho passatro of
this act no person shall bo disqualified
from voting at any election held In tho
said District on account of color.
8EC;i2.That nil acts of Congress and
all laws of tho State of Maryland in
forco In said dfstrlct, and all, ordinances
oftho cities of Washington and George
town, inconsistent with this act, aro
thereby repealed and annulled.
Mercurstands upon tho records of tho
yodyamlifnaya In favor of this odious
rabllljKlcji was not passed through tho
i6enay)Ccauso It wa3 ascertained tho
tPrldentvould Voto it, and that a two
''tWdsfyotejto oyerrldo tho voto could
.not bo obtained.
Tho following ofllclnl communication
. .lovongrcss irom tno mayor pivrasn
"ington, will show tho outrageous charac'
,ter of tho proposition and tho contempt
manifested by its passagojthrough tho
House for tho interests fltidtoplnions of
tno peopio 01 Washington :
Washington Citv, D. C,
January a, isoo.
llon L. F. S. Foster, President of the
(Senate of uie unuea states
Bin, I liavo tho honor, in compliance
with on act of tho Councils of tho city
approved -December sixteenth, 18G5, to
transmit throuch you to the Scnato of
thp United States tho result of an elec
tion held on Thursday, twenty-first De
cember, 1805. "to ascertain tho opinion
of tho people, of Washington on the
question of negro suffrage, at which tho
voto was u,uu, segregated as iouows :
Against Nrgro Suffrago ......0,591
For Negro BuOYngo 85
Majority against Negro SulTrago ...C,Mfl
Thi3 vote, the largest with two excep
tions, over poueu in tins city, conciu
Blvcly shows tho unanimity of sent!
mentof the people of Washington in op
position to tho extoasion ot tho right
of suffrage to that class : and that Its in
tegrity may bo properly nppreciatediby,
tho Senate, I givo tho aggregate ofjtho
voto cast at tno live elections imrneai-
ately preceding for Mayor : v$s
ism jsjta'
lWi. 0.813
ISflO. 6,1175
IROi 4,816
1SG1 6,7U)
No others in addition to this minority
j- j , . i xi ' - i .. r i.. n. r-
oi miriy-iivu uru iu uu luuuu in uws
community who favor tho extension of
tho risrht of suffrairo to tho class and iu
tho manner proposed excepting thoso
who havo already memorialized the
Senate in its favor, and who, with but
littlo association, less sympathy, and no
community ot interest or auiuity witn
tho citizens of Washington, receive hero
from tho General Government tempo
rary employment, and having at tho
National Capital a rcsidenco limited
only to tho duration of a Presidential
term, claim and invariably exercise tho
elective franchise elsewhere.
Tho peopio of this city, claiming an
independence of thought and. tho right
to express it, havo thus given a gravo
und deliberato utterance, in an unoxag
gerated way, to their opinion and feel
ings on this subject.
This unparalleled unanimity of senti
ment which pervades all classes of this
community in opposition to tho exten
sion of the right of suH'rago to that class
engenders an earnest hopo that Congress,
in according to this expression of their
wishes tho respect and consideration
they would as individual members
yield to thoso whom they immediately
represent, would abstain from tho exer
ciso of its absolute power, and so avert
an impending futuro apparently so ob
jectionable to thoso over whom, by tho
fundamental law of tho laud, thoy have
exclusive Jurisdiction.
With much respect, I am, sir, your
own and tho Sonato's obedient servant,
Richard Wallach, Mayor.
VENTION. Delegates to this body will bo chos
en In the several districts in this county
'on Saturday, August twenty-fifth, und
tho Convention will meet on Monday,
tho twenty-seventh, for tho nomination
of county und district candidates.
Wo refor to thi3 Convention, becauso
tho Columbian is to bo a thorough
nqwspapor, and fully up to tho times.
Thoso subjects which interest tho com
munity In which It circulates will bo
handled by it with freedom and fairness,
and from that advantageous point of
viow which it holds as an Independent
journal. Not being tho slavo of faction
it can afford to bo Just, and frank, and
manly in its treatment of political move
ments and of public men. It is a sorry
thing for a newspaper to bo compelled
, to overpraise or to abuso candidates for
tho gratification of party malignity or
thV promotion of party Interests; and
of ono thing our readers may bo certain,
that when popular nominations aro un
der consideration, candidates aro likely
to get much less than Justico from their
opponents. Defects will bo painted in
tho blackest characters; tho-history of
tlicir lives will bo oxplorcd for matter
of censuro; their conduct will bo scruti
nized "with a Jealous oyo; and selfish,
corrupt, or scandalous motives will bo
freely imputed to them. Wo daro gay
that many men whoso claims aro now
being canvassed before the public aro
much better thau thoy aro represented
to bo by their rivals.
Tho following persons havo been an
nounced us candidates before tho Con
vention i
lr Senator Peter Ent, of Scott;
Levi L. Tate, of Bloom ; and James
S. M'Nin'ch, of Catawlssa. Tito Sena
torial District Is composed of tho Coun
ties of Sullivan, Columbia, Montour,
und Northumberland. In tho District
Conference, which will bo hold to effect
a flual confirmation, each county will
bo entitled to two conferees. Northum
berland has already selected herd,
For Assembly Tho nomination Is con
ceded to Montour 'County, and Captain
Thomas Ciialfant, of tho Danville
Intelligencer, Is spoken of ns tho probable
candidate. Editors seem to bo favorites
in this Representative District, as Colo
nel Tate, of tho lato Columbia Democrat,
and W. II. Jncoby, of tho lato Star of
the 2orth, havo in recent years been se
For Associate JudgesHo less than
eight candidates aro named, although
but two aro to bo selected. Six rcsldo
north and two south ofjlio rlyor. Thoy
aro us follows: Iuam DEiinJof&itckson ;
E. Q. Ricketts, of OraupTfANDREW
Villus, of Centro; JAConjjEVANS, of
Greenwood, Thomas J. Hutchison,
of Fishing Creek j Richard Fruit, of
Madison j Stephen Baldy, of Cata
wlssa ; and Peter 1C. Heiuiein, of Lo
cust. Ono candidate no doubt will bo
selected from each sldo of tho river.
For J'rotionotary and Clerk of thcsev-
cral Courts. Tho only candidate named
so far is Jesse Coleman, of Orange,
tho present incumbent.
For Register of Willi and Recorder of
Deeds John G. Freeze, of Bloom,
and Samuel Neyharp, o'f Centro.
Colonel .Freeze has held tho ofilco ono
ForSLCbunty Commissioner Samuel
R.lH?jvand Montgomery Cole,
botlfof Sugarjoaf.
Wo havo hero fifteen gentlemen upon
tho list of candidates, fromjjvliom six
aro to bo selected for nomination to tho
sovcral ofllcos mentioned.
We havo only.tgLsny to our friends in
Bradford and MMnur that there is ns
much mystery InWfo'acts and objects of
thoso connected "with thoCoi.UMiUAN as
thoro is about the question of who makes
tho appointments of Assistant Revenuo
Assessor? Wo know thtft in a legal
point of view Mr. Clarkrhas tho right
to appoint, but if ho litis referred you to
others, and others havo referred you to
mm, you must una out tor yourselves.
We act Independent of tho entiro con
cern. Democrat and Star.
What perplexity tho editors and their
correspondents aro in I If wo wero only
furnished with tho names of thoso cor
respondents' it would delight us to re
lievo their minds from all distressing
anxieties. But how foolish in them to
waste time in consulting tho Democrat
and Star for information. Who would
over expect them to penetrate a mystery.
It was hardly necessary for our contem
porary to asauro their correspondents
that " wo act independent of tho entiro
concern." This was a fact patent to
everybody who had ever seen copies of
tho two papers. In their literary char
acter, in their mechanical execution,
and in everything that goes to mako up
a newspaper, tho contrast is so striking
as to precludo tho idea that tho two con
cerns havo any connection whatever.
But it seems that our contemporary im
agines tljero is a mystery about the ques
tion of who makes tho appointments of
Assistant Revenuo Assessors. This is
now to us. Wo had thought tho law
clear and explicit, so does tho Democrat
and Star, and to relievo tho Assessor
from all doubt on tho question thoy pro
ceed to inform him that in a legal point
of viow lie has tho right to appoint.
If this bo true, tho editors aro entitled
to tho Assessor's thanks. All men aro
said to lovo power and patronage, and
of cottrso Mr. Clark is inot so unlike
other men us to turn his bfick upon it.
But unfortunately, " in a legal point of
viow," tho Assistant Assessors are ap
pointed by thoSecretary of tho Treasury.
At least tho act of Congress gives tiie
appointment of these officers to him ex
clusively, and confers no power in that
respect upon tho Assessor. Wo should
say, then, "In a legal point of viow,"
tho appointment of Assistant Assessors
was with Secretary M'Culloch, notwith
standing our high respect for tho legal
acumen of tho Junior of tho Democrat
and Slar. Would it not bo well for tho
conductors of that journal, especially
when applied to for information, boforo
proceeding to enlighten their correspon
dents, and tho public generally, on a
question Ilko this, to glvo to tho net of
of Congress a cursory perusal at least.
In this connection wo affirm that ono of
two things must bo true. Either the
editors of tho Democrat and Star never
read tho act of Congress providing for
tho appointment of Assistant Assessors
or, having read it, wero too stupid to
understand it. And in either case wo
would advise Assessors generally to look
olscwhero for advlco in tho conduct of
their offices.
Ulysses Mercur is announced in
Radical circles for re-election, and ho
will bo urged upon tho peopio of this
district for their support, in splto of tho
record ho has mado for himself at tho
lato session of Congress, and of his posi
tion of open hostility to tho Presidont.
In fact, theso things will recommend
him to tho Disunionlsts and small lead
ers of Radicalism who would sink Into
lnslgnlficanco with tho restoration of
union, harmony, and prosperity to tho
country. Such men thrlvo upon dis
cord, turbulence, agitation, and sectional
passion, but decllno to tlicir natlvo un
importanco in times of peace and pros
perity, when tho laws aro in regular ac
tion, and when men aro valued accord
ing to their morlts, and not according
to their pretensions. To them tho Pres
ident's policy of restoration Is distaste
ful and Intolerable, for It destroys their
profitable trado of agitation, and leaves
them foeblo and contemptible
Why not name a Union man to repre
sent tho freemen of this district? What
Interest havo thoy to bo promoted by
continual disputes In tho country, or by
an unjust warfaroupou tho President?
Let thoso questions bo answered beforo
support Is asked for ono who has been
"weighed in tho balanco and found
Dispatches received by tho Mexican
Consul in Sau Francisco glvo glowing
accounts of tho rcceptlou of President
Juarez in Chihuahua,
IN another column wo havo given a
list of candidates on tho Democratic
sldo of tho house, and now propose to
briefly sketch.thein for our readers.
Thcro Is much Interest manifested in
tho Senatorial nomination. To compli
cate tho matter ono or two candidates
havo appeared In Montour.
Mr. Ent, of this county, served soino
years slnco ns a Representative for two
sessions, wo believe with credit to him
self ns a man of Integrity and firmness.
Ho is a man of much energy, and as
such has Incurred soino opposition from
men who wero formerly opposed by him
in nomlnatiftConvcntlons.
uoionei Tate nas claims upon our re
spectful consideration as a veteran mem
ber of tho editorial fraternity, having
been connected with tho press of this
county for about a quarter of a century.
Ho served as a Representative nt tho
session of 1802, and his nomination is
now pressed on tho ground of past party
service, mid his being disengaged from
aetlvo employment.
Mr. McNinch is a merchant In tho an
clcnt town of Calawlssa, which has In
recent years taken a fresh start in im
provement. Our advertising columns
will show that ho is a business man, and
understands tho art of success. He has
twlco been elected County Treasurer,
and discharged tho duties of tho ofilco
with credit and to tho satisfaction of tho
Two of tho candidates aro not speak
Ing men, not having been trained to tho
practice of debate. Probably tho editor of
tho lato Columbia Democrat may plume
himself on ills superiority over them as
a speaker, but he should not submit his
pretensions on this scoro to tho editor
of tho Columbia County Republican ; lie
must not rely upon this uoint. Critics
tiro numerous and uncharitable; and wo
suggest ills safe plan would be to get tho
editor aforesaid to nbuso him into a
nomination, as ho did on a former occa
sion. It Is no doubt truo that opposition
is sometimes moro advantageous than
Of tho candidates for Assoclato Judge
wo must speak briefly becauso of their
number. Mr. Evans, of Greenwood, Is
a reputablo gentleman, who formerly
served a term as Assoclato Judge. Mr.
Hutchison, of Fishing Creek, has had
long service a3 a Justico of tho Peaco ;
and Iram Derr, of Jackson, has been
twlco Sheriff of this county, and once
County Commissioner. Mr. RIekctts,
of Orange,' lias been a merchant, a busi
ness maiirfflSlfiotigh actlvo in politics,
has not bceff?niomlneo for ofilco within
tho past twenty years. Wo believo ho
was onco a candidate for Assembly,
when circumstances of a local character
prevented his election. Mr. Richard
Fruit, of Madison, tho next man on the
list, has recently returned to the county
from a rcsidenco of some years in Mon
tour. Ho Is a gentleman of reputation
and social address, but has not been ac
tlvo In politics beyond his own neigh
borhood sinco ho served as a conferee nt
tho nomination of Valentino Best for
the Senate. Mr. Freas, of Centre, is
a man of much energy, tibkllfull farmer,
ardent and actlvo in his friendships and
enmities, and onco served as County
Commissioner. South of tho river Judge
Baldy, of Catawissa, and Esqulro Her
beln,of Locust, contest tho nomination.
Tho Judge is a veteran iu politics, and
Is a man most determined and persever
ing in tho pursuit of his objects. He
lias served several terms as Associate
Judge. Ills competitor is represented
to havo local popularity and fair merits
as a citizen and officer.
For Prothonotary, Mr. Coleman, lato
of Orange, Is without a competitor, and
his renominatlon will bo In accordanco
with usago regarding tho ofilco ho now
For Register and Recorder Colonel
Freezo is named for re-election with a
liko claim of usago in his behalf, In con
nection with conceded capacity. He
has recently been subjected to severo do
mestic affliction, which has kept him
from a personal participation in tho can
vass. Mr. Ncyhard, of Centre, his op
ponent, is an intelligent surveyor, a
farmer, and an acting Justico of tho
Messrs Kllno and Colo, the candidates
for nomination to tho ofilco of Commis
sloncr, both reside in Sugarloaf. Tho
ono was formerly a Justice of tho Peace,
and tho other is now. Wo aro not nd
vised as to their respectlvo merits, but
should bo inclined to prefer whichever
ono is selected by tho peopio instead of
tho Commissioner's Clerk.
Wo have endeavored to speak accurate
ly and not unkindly of tho several per
sons whoso claims aro being canvassed
preparatory to tho nominations. Whcth
er opposing candidates will bo set up by
nomination, or volunteers appear on
tho field of .contest remains to bo seen.
In aoo'unty so strongly fixed in Itspolltl
cal character, tho chances of course aro
btrohgly In favor of tho Convention can
didates, whoover they may bo; but 'tis
an old saying, "Thcro is many a sup
twlxt tho cup and tho Hp." Wo shall
hope, however, in tho interests of tho
public, that tho best men will bo selected.
Laixqe numbers of Southern gentle
men, delegates to tho Philadelphia Con
vention, aro dally arriving. They
represent a good stato of feeling in tho
South, and a general anxiety that tho
Philadelphia Convention shall bo tho
means of bringing tho two sections to a
better understanding of each other.
Tho Southern delegates all oxpress a dis
position to go Into tho Convention solely
for tho purposo of harmonizing tho con
flicting elements in tho country. Thoy
havo no demands to mako, and aro
ready to accept any reasonublo platform
having nny claims to nationality In its
character, They oxpect an unqualified
endorsement of tho policy hitherto pur
sued by tho President, and will bo satis
fied should nothing elso bo adopted.
Julian Lovelace, of tho Supremo
Bench of Missouri, died In his rcsidenco
in Danville, Missouri, on Saturday last.
Tun Now Orleans delegation here aro
highly ploased with General Sheridan's
courso in regard to the lato riots. Thoy
feel confident that had Sheridan been
in tho city when tho disturbance did oc
cur there would havo been tin outbreak.
They express perfect willingness to
lenvo tho whole matter to his arbitra
tion. A. P. Gorman of Maryland, for four
yenrs past Postmaster of tho Senate, has
been removed from that position nnd
discharged by Sergcant-at-Arms Brown.
Gorman has begn for fifteen years con
nected with tho Scnato In ono capacity
nnd another. Lately dissatisfaction has
been expressed at his courso by certain
Radical Senators clamorous for his re
movnl. It was charged that ho went
after Senator Dixon to voto on tho Civil
Rights Bill, nnd that all along ho has
been friendly to tho President. Crcswcll
chnrges that ho has been working in
Maryland against him. Finally Cres
well, backed by jChandlcr, Howe, and
Howard, threatened Brow n that if Gor
man was not immediately removed
they would havo him, Browo., Removed
at tho next session. -jFearlngf threat,
Brown dismissed him on Thursday last.
A successor has not yet been named.
Brigadier General W. A. Nichols has
been assigned to duty us chief of staff to
Gen. Sherman.
Charles O'Conor Is still hero endeavor
ing to sccuro tho rcleaso of Jeff Davis
on ball or parole. Ho has met with but
littlo encouragement as yet.
Tho Union Central Committee of Vir
ginia, meet to-night nt Alexandria to
perfect tho orgimizatlon-dfttho'&ltadical
party to prcparo thOAvayfo"2tho selec
tion of delegates to thofjBeplQmbcr con
vention, and to mako aPpflBHricnts for
speakers, who aro 'toVHTCsttttes'
j.- una in uiusuiiciiuuonoi jjHUijcaguos
ana Union organlzationsPI! , F
Governor IIumphryofJ-Missls'sIppI
reports to General IIowardtlutiItho In
sano Asylum of that Statots's'o crowded
that ho Is daily.compcllod to refuse ad
mission to white citizens, and is there
fore unable to provide for tho Imbecile
blacks. Tho reverses of tho war, subse
quent to tho bankruptcy of tho peopio
and present sufferings for food and cloth .
ing, aro thought to be tho reasons for
tins increaso of idocy.
A letter received la3t Monday by tho
President from a very Influential and
wealthy citlzcnof Louisiana, aftcrageno-
ral review of tho lato riots and tho causes
thereof, contains tho following para
graph. "Tho present Constitution of
tiiis Stato htts some features in it which
wo would bo glad to bo rid of, but we
have formally and legally adopted this
instrument as our organic law, and we
will stand by it until another Constitu
tion shall bo adopted by our citizens, In.
legal and constitutional manner."
Such Is tho universal sentiment of the
substantial and respectable men of the
The Secretary of tho Treasury has di
rected that hereafter In all cases whoro
a person is appointed Collector or Asses
sor of Internal Revenue, iio shall take
ollicc on tho first day of the succeeding
month after ins commission is delivered
to him. This rulo is mado to prevent
regular monthly statements of accounts
Brigadier-General William A. Nich
ols, Assistant Adjutant-General In tho
War Department, Is named as Lieuton
ant-General Sherman's Chief of Staff.
Tho following nametl officers havo
been temporarily detailed for duty on
tho staff of Major-General Hooker Com
manding tho Department of tho East:
Brevet Colonel R. II. Jackson, Captain
First United States Artillery, as Acting
Assistant Inspector-General ; Brovet
Lieutenant-Colonel LoomisL. Langdon,
Captain First United States Artillery,
as acting Judge-Advocate.
In tho bill passed at tho last session of
Congress, authorizing tho payment of
additional bounty, tho seamen who
rendered such good service seem to
have been overlooked entirely. Tho
Fourth Auditor receives dally a very
largo number of letters from sailors,
who suppose, with reason, that tho act
granting additional bounty applies to
them as well as to tho soldiers. The
only reply that can bo mado to them is
that nothing can bo dono toward equal
izing tho bounties received by them
under tills act of Congress.
In a recent copo in which all tho parts
of two iron steamers wero constructed
in Glasgow, and thoro put together, nnd
again taken to pieces and tho sections
imported into Galveston and duties
lovled upon tho parts so imported nt
that place, it was decided by tho Secre
tary of tho Treasury that tho collection
of tho duties constituted tho section of
tho steamers American property, and
that mnrlno papers may bo issued to
such vessels when ngaln rebuilt in this
A few days ago the President forward
ed through tho Post-Oflico to William F,
Johnston, well known throughout tho
country as nn ox-Governor of Pennsyl
vania, a commission us' Collector of tho
Port of Philadelphia. By the collusion
of tho Postmaster at Philadelphia this
letter was delivered to nn unknown
person named William F. Johnston, of
Philadelphia, who saw fit, doubtless
under inspiration from tho Philadelphia
Postmaster, D. D. Forney, and others,
to wrlto a highly insulting reply to tho
President declining the ofllce. Tho
iniquity of tho business is apparent.
There couldbonomlstakoln tho address
of tho letter, and if thcro wero this per
son know when ho opened It that it was
not Intended for him, but for ox-Gov
cmor Johnston. Forney appears In tho
JWss with a copy of tills fellow's insult
ing letter to tho President, which, for
insolenco and consummate wickedness,
eclipses tho famous Jamison scarlet
letter. In tho eamo connection Mr.
Thomas, now holding tho ofilco of Col
lector, at Philadelphia, appears in print
with a letter disputing tho right of tho
Executive to rcmovo him during tho
reccssof Congress, and Intimating a pur
pose to hold on to tho ofllce nt all hazards.
Doubtless ho will soon bo brought to his
senses, as a new commission lias been
forwarded to ex-Governor Johnston,
which will probably reach its destina
tion with no further interference, A
full investigation has been ordered into
tho circumstances attending thcdcll very
of tho former epistlo to this man John
son, nnd probably tho Postmaster who
permitted such flagrant tampering with
official correspondence, and conspired
to effect It, ns ho unquestionably did,
wlllloso his ofilco In consequence.
The following graphic account of a
street light between Prusslnns and Aits
tiians is calculated to strengthen tho im
pression that it is not merely in tho
needle-gun that tho Prussians liavo tho
ndvantiigo oVfer their Austrian rivols.
It lsfromtcorrespoiulentof tho London
2Vwc4:.."Tlio monotony of tho march
was relieved by a spirited cavalry skir
mish in tho llltlo town of Soar, which
Is about six miles to tho west of Ncu-
stadt. Last night tho Austrian hussars
of tho regiment of Hcsse-Casscl held
Saar. Tho Prussian cavalry was to pro
ceed to-day to Gammy, about a mile in
front of Saar, and tho Eloventh Regi
ment of Uhlans formed its advance
guard on tho march. The Austrians In
tended to march to-day to tho rear tow
ard Brunn, and tho hussars wero actual
ly assembling for parade previous to tho
march when tho first patrols of tho
Prussian Uhlans came rattling into the
"In tho mnrkct-placo an exciting
scene at onco began. Tho celebrated
cavalry of Austria was being attacked
by tho rather depreciated horsemen of
Prussia, and tho lance, tho "queen of
weapons," ns its admirers lovo to term
it, was being engaged in real battle
against the sword. Tho first Prussian
soldiers who rodo Into tho town wero
very few in number, and they could not
attack beforo some morocamoup. This
delay of a few minutes gavo tho hussars
ashoi'ttlniofo hurry together from other
parts of tho town, and by tho tlmo tho
Uhlans received their reinforcements tho
Austrians were nearly formed.
" As soon as their supports came up
advanced a few yards at n walk, then
trotted a short distance, their horses'
feet pattering on the stones, tho men's
swords jingling, their accoutrements
rattling, and tlicir lances bnrno upright,
with tho black and white flag streaming
over their heads; but when near the
opening into tho broader street, which
is called Markct-pliu-o, ti short, sharp
word of command, a quick, stern note
from tho trumpet, the lance points camo
down and wero sticking out in front of
tho liorso's shoulders, tho horses broko
into a steady gallop, and tho lance flags
fluttered rapidly from tho motion
through the air, us tho horsemen, with
bridle hands low nnd bodies bent for
ward, lightly gripped tho staves, and
drovo tho points straight to tho front.
"But when the Prussians began to gal
lop tho Austrians wero also in motion.
With a looser formation anil a greater
speed thoy came on, tlicir bluo pelisses,
trimmed with fur and embroidered with
yellow, flowing freely from tlTo left
shoulders, leaving tlicir sword arms dis
encumbered. Tlicir heads well up car
ried the single eagle's leather in every
cap straight in tho air ; their swords
wero raised, bright and sharp, ready to
strike as their wiry little horses, pressed
light by tho knees of tho riders , camo
bounding along, and dashed against tho
Prussian ranks if they would leap over
the points of tho lances.
"Tho Uhlans swayed heavily under
tho shock of tho collision, but recovering
again, pressed through only at a walk.
In front of them wero mounted men,
striking with their swords, parrying
tho lanco thrusts, but tinablo to rcacli
tho lancer; but the ground was also cov
ered with men und horses, struggling
together to rise ; loose lines wero gallop
ing away ; dismounted hussars, in their
bluo uniforms and long boots, wero hur
rying off to try to catch looso horses, or
to avoid lanco points. Tho Uhlan lino
appeared unbroken, but tho hussars
were almost dispersed. Thoy had dash
ed up against the firmer Prussian ranks
and they had recoiled, shivered, scatter
ed, and broken us awavo Is broken that
daMies against a cliff. In tho few mo
ments that tho ranks wcro locked togeth
er it seemed that tho horsemen wero so
closely jammed against each other that
lance or sword was hardly used. Tlw'
hussars escaped tho points in rushing
in, but their speed took them so cloao
to tho lancers' breasts that they had not
even room to ttso their swords. Then
the Prussians, stouter ami tailor men,
mounted on heavier horses, mostly bred
from English sires, pressed hard on the
light frames and smaller horses of tho
hussars, and by moro weight and phys
ical strength boro them back and forced
tiiein from their scats to tho ground, or
sometimes, so rudo was tho shock, sent
horse and man bounding backward, to
come down with a clatter on tho pave
"Tho few Austrians who remained
mounted, fought for a short timo to stop
tho Prussian advance, but thoy could
mako no impnsslon on tho lancers
Wherever a hussar mado a dash to close
three points bristled couched against Ills
chest or his liorso's breast, for tho Aus
trians wero now iu inferior numbers in
tho streets to the Prussians, and tho nar
rowness of tho way would not 4Jow
them to rotlro for their reserve to charge.
So tho Prussians pressed steadily for
ward in an unvulnerablo line, nnd tho
Austrians, impotent to stop them, had
to fall back beforo them. Beforo they
had gouo far through tho town, fighting
this Irregular combat, moro Prussian
cavalry camo up behind tho Uhlans, ond
tho Austlana began to draw of'. Tho
lancers pushed after them, but tho hus
sars got away, ami at the end of
the town tho pursuit ceased. Ono
officer, and twenty-two non-commissioned
officers and privates taken piis
oners, with nearly fol ly captured horses,
fell Into tho hands of the Uhlans as tho
trophle3 of this eklrmieh. Homo of tho ;
prisoners aro wounded, a few hussars
killed, and two or tnrco Prussians wero
left dead upon tho ground."
A paff.ii was circulated inthls city
yesterday evening, purporting to bo a
proclamation of Governor ens order
ing elections to bo held in certain
parishes to fill vacancies in tho conven
or 18G1.
Wo supposo It to bo a gcnulno docu
ment, although It purports to bo signed
''under my hand, at tho city or Now
Orleans, this twenty-soventh day or
July, A. D. 18C0." when tho Governor
is known not to bo within many
miles or this place. It also wants tho
attestation or tho Secretary or State,
who has, wo learn, rcrused to counter
sign It or ntttich the seal of tho State, as
is customary, ir not material, to the
Not ono or the State officers, wo ho-
Hove, elected at tho sumo tlmo as Gov
ernor Wells, nnd on tho samo ticket,
forming with him tho Stato adminis
tration, agrees with him in theso extra
ordinary proceedings.
Tho paper was, however, doubtless
Issued by tho Governor, and is in that
respect a gcnulnojiroductlon ; but it is
ono ho has not a shadow of authority
for issuing, nnd Is of no moro legal forco
than It would bo If It had been issued by
nny other person, in or out of tlio State.
It has been demonstrated, over and
over again, that tho convention of 18G1
has no legal existence in 180G. It ex
pired by the conclusion of Its labor and
thoadoption of thoconstitution it made.
It attempted to prolong its own exist
ence by providing that it might bo re
convoked by tho presiding officer.
This authority to convoke tho defunct
body was in itself a usurpation ; but it
was a conditional authority, vested in a
particular person, to bo exercised in a
single event, nnd thcro was no provis
ion mado for the Intervention of tho
Governor at all. That person was tho
President of tho convention, and that
event tho falluro of tho peopio to ratify
the constitution. Tho President or the
convention was directed to call it together
ir the constitution was rejected. It was
only in that event that the provision to
fill vacancies should come Into rorco In
that way. " Then and In that case" ho
(the President of tho convention) might
call on the proper officers to causo elec
tions to bo held. Tho case never occur
red ; tho constitution was ratified ; tho
President of the convention decides tho
body to bo constitutionally extinct; and
tho pretended authority, which was a
usurpation, lapses by its own terms,
and leaves not a vestigo of title or
authority anywhere, or in anybody, to
fill vacancies in tho body allvo or dead.
Nevertheless Governor Wells has is
sued this'paper, ordering andcomniand
Ing elections to bo held to fill tho vacan
cies which tho very authority ho recites
declares aro only to bo filled in tho event
that tho constitution should bo rejected
It Is tho plainest possible caso of tho
useof a power which thoso who bestowed
it hud no right to give, for a purpose
different from that to which thoy ex
pressly limited it, and in a manner en
tirely different from that which thoy
Tho Governor bases his proclamation
on tho report of Judgo Howell, as Presi
dent pro tern, of tho convention, when
Judgo Howell, only represents a "small
majority, which irregularly excluded tho
truo President- if there bo a President
at all and is a moro pretender to author
ity, without the support or moro than a
fourth of a quorum of tho body ho affects
to speak for, but which tho Governor
accepts as the sovereign authority of the
Stato in perpetual session.
Tho proclamation does not call elec
tions to fill vacancies in tho convention
as it existed when It adjourned in 18GI,
but to bring in new members to tho
number fif'ty-ono, from parishes which
wero not represented in that convention
at oil. Thoro is no notlco taken of
vacancies which liavo occurred among
tho members actually chosen and taking
part In its proceedings.
Tho real fact wo supposo to bo that a
majority or tho surviving members or
tho convention is not to bo had in sup
port or tho execullvo and his partisans,
and that it is designed to bring in by
tho now elections, in which it is thought
that no citizen or tho State, not in tho
Governor's cliquo, can consistently tako
part, enough to get a majority who will
sanction ovcrythlng dono, however
irregular, and depend on tho oxecutlvo
nnd a partisan judiciary, which Is in
conredcracy with him, to overthrow n
unanimous Legislature, all tho Stato
oiuccrs elected by the peopio, and im
poso a new government on a disfran
chlsed peopio.
How this revolutionary schcnio is to
bo met and bailled peaceably, and with
in tho terms of tho law, is a subject ror
tho most serious consideration of tho
peopio of tho State. That thoro aro
means wo cannot doubt, nor can wo
doubt that these will bo takon with a
deliberation befitting tho gravity or tho
occasion, and carried through with tho
firmness which such high duties, in
such emergencies, requiro or patriotic
citizens. ATew Orleans Ficupunc.
Locked up In a cell in tho Henrico
County jail, in Virginia, is a man named
Chastlan Hampton, who has been sent
on liy thojustlce In achnrgoof horsesteal
ing. Hampton was rastoned to the floor
with nn Iron anklet, chain, and ring, but
in soino mysterious way ho smashed tho
anklet as If It was only a woman's gar
ter. Ho was ironed again witli tho samo
results as before; and to for seven time?
in success did this thing liappon to the
great bewilderment of tho blacksmith
who mado them, who swears by ham
mor nnd anvil that Hampton must bo tho
. No tools havo beon found In tho
cell by which the smashing could bq
dono, unless thoy wero concealed In his
clothes, which wo bellovo havo not been
searched. The Clerk of the Court, ns
eoon aa Hampton Is loft to hlmeelf, can
hear tho sound of his work iu casting
oft his irons, which, by tho way, It up
pears ho docs in derision or ids keepers,
and not with any viow or makliig hli
The emancipation of Vcnlco is n grand
event. A Bonaparte, bo it acknowledg
ed freely, lias been a prlmo mover in
undoing ono of tho worst political crimes'
which history records against tho great
founders of his houso. Tho handing
over of Vcnlco to Austria stains tha
first Napoleon as much as tho partition
of Poland darkens tho renown or Fred
crick tho Great. Slnco tho Congress of
Vienna settled it on Austria, it has
clung around her neck worso than a dead
weight a perpetual Irritation and dan--ger.
Bipod has been shed to maintain
that herltngo or evil enough to flood
tho great Placo or St. Mark and tho
Doges or tho painters and poets. Great
hearts havo uselessly broken in tho effort
to tear rrom Austrlfi that which sho
gives up to-day. Splendid intellects
havo worn themselves out in tho samo
futilo struggle; patriots whoso purity
and genius might havo glorified a nation
have died in prison and iu cxilo ror that
causo in vain. Tho courago or tho sol
dier, tho Intellect or tho statesman, tho
wiles or tho conspirator, liavo for gener
ations been wanted to gain that end
which tho world hears with amazement
has been so suddenly conceded to-day.
Manlnnud Cavour and D'Azeglio should
havo died hereafter they should havo
lived to sco this great step nchloved In
tho Independence and unity or that Ital
ian race for whom thoy dared and suffer
ed so much. So far as this great boon
has been obtained for Italy by the inter
vention of tlio Emporor or tho Fronch,
wo are not disposed to sliaro tho rears of
thoso who dread that its acceptance may
involve soino compensating sacrifices.
AVo do not look for tho development or
nny such sinister designs. Tho part
taken by tlio Emperor or tho French Is,
we trust and believo, but tlio fulfilment
or Ids pledge that Italy should bo free
Irom the Alps to tho Adriatic. What
ever territorial questions may havo to
bo settled between lilm and others, Wo
do not believo it possible that an attempt
will bo mado to induce an Italian minis
try to barter away a rood or Italian soil,
ir this bo so, tho Tuturo or Italy grows
at onco calm and bright. Tho dangers
and difficulties which chiefly beset her
disappear as suddeuly as tho clouds
sometimes lift from tho sides of ono of
her own Alps, ner strlfo with Austria
over, her solo causo or foreign dispute
away, sho may set herself firmly and
faithfully to tho accomplishment of tho
task of domestic consolidation and Im
provement from which hitherto sho has
been so much distracted. She may re-
duco to the most modest proportions hor
hugo army, stop her work in naval arm
aments, apply hcrseir with all her heart
to tho repair of her shattered finances
and tho full development or her splendid
resources. Nor, indeed, docs Austria
gain much less than Italy in losing
Venetia. But for that ill-omened bo
quest, tho Emperor Francis Joseph
would not now liavo to seo his placo in
Europo threatened, his ancestral leader
ship In Germany gono. Over tho cession
or Venice, como as it may, all Europo
has causo to bo glad. Or the other events
which aro to accompany this great
change, it will bo timo enough to Judge
as thoy arise. Thus far Europo stands
llko Shakspearo's " Henry V." at Agln
court, nnd scarcely knows if war bo dono
or no. London Star, July 6.
We learn from Thomas T. Brown, of
Washington County, who was in town
last week, that on Saturday, tho socond
instant, a man arrived in Fayottevillo
in the stago and informed tho sheriff nnd
two other persons that there wero four
men, who would bo in town shortly from
Missouri, who had killed an old man,
robbed a store and a grocery, and that
ho had raised a company and pureed
them, but failing to overtake them ho
had taken tho stago and camo on ahead.
Pretty soon'tho four men rodo into town,
got off their horses, hitched them, and
one went into tho etoro of Mr. Stono
and tho thrco others went into a grocery
to tako a drink. Beforo they had tlmo
to tako a drink tho sheriff, the clerk of
tho court, Mr. Wing, postmaster, and
Colonel Gunter went into tho grocery
to arrest them. Mr. Wing said to them,
" Gentlemen, you may consider your
selves prisoners." With that ono or tho
men called out to tho othors to " shuck
themselves," und with that each or thorn,
drew two revolvers and commencod
firing. Mr. Wing, the postmaster, was
shot dead, and tho ma'u who camo ia
pursuit was shot under tho chin, in tho
throat, nnd ho died In a Tew minutes, and
Colonel Gunter was shot In tho armfl
shattering tho bono. Tho threo men re
treated out or tho door, btlll firing na
thoy went out ; und by this tlmo tho
citizens had collected to arrest tho des
peradoes, but as they wero armed, nnd
most or tho citizens wero not, thoy all
mado their escape A posso or men im
mediately started in pursuit or them.
Thoy found ono or tho men sitting lean
ing against a treo, having been shot
through tho abdomen. Tlio party told
him thoy would brlnghlm nn ambulance
and tako him to town, but when thoy
returned they found hlmdead.hohaving
cut his throat and stabbed himself in
sovcral places. Tho other threo mon
wero heard of in tho neighborhood of
Elm Spring, ono being badly wounded
in tho kueos. Our informant did not
slate who shot theso desperadoes, but
wo presumo somo of tho party must
havo been alarmed nnd fired on them,
or perhaps somo of tho citizens flrod as
thoy wero retreating. Colonel Gunter's
arm is shattered abovo tho elbow, and,
It Is thought, will havo to bo amputated.
General Pope and staff arrived at
Fort Union, Now Moxlco, on tho flftji
Instant, uud loft. for. Sauta Fo and. Al-burquerquo..

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