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THE COLUMBIAN, BLOOMSBURG. PA.
i .SEW YORK LETTER. Mror Pttvmr iwffltly celebrated bin wreaUrth birthday. He dou't look It With the exception of aa Pccwloeal attack of rheumatic pout. Hie Ilonor m tmnt and TlgoKnift aa a man of fifty. "No on who has ctct occupied tn flW of Mayor of ttkia city." ald I (la Honor to me, "has bad aa much flu out of It aa 1 have bnd. I think Vr bwn about as Jolly a mail as the metropolis has bnd for its executive, t tmM iwt take the office again, but triwn my term exi'tree I'll go bl'k to tile boy down tn the- dry goods dis trict and get Into baroeva again In my mercantile bulne.M The Mayor vrs born In s log cabin at LondrnTlUe, O., on March 22, 1S27. UQa father died when he was thirteen yaara old and then he etarted to innke his way In the world. He worked by day ami atndled at night. Be was em ployed In a dry goods ctotv at Mans field for ooTeral year and in lS-VJ he cwme to New York, bringing his moth er with htm. Speaking of ber the Mayor once said: HATPR STROSO. "Tew men have Iven blessed with aneh a mother. I owe all I hare and am to bor." She died a few years ago at the ap? of ninety-fonr years. Mayor Strong has accumulated a targe iirtmie. lie Is interested flnnn dally in many institutions, and at the tbne of his election to the Mayoralty ft was the presUlent of the Central SaHonal Bank. He has always been a Bepubllcan, and k talked of as a candidate of the Greater New York, Dtwithstandlng his own assurance to the contrary. "A male baby, about four weeks old was found last ciht near the Fifth avenue entrance to Central Tark by a wonted policeman, who took the in fant to Bellerue Hospital There was athtug found on the clothing that wonU ?ire any clew to the identity of th baby, and he was sent to the In fants' Home, on naudall's Island. Such items aa the above are f re cently seen In the columns of the sewspapera, aikl the question natural by eugxets Itself What becomes of Vaese foundlings, deserted and cast adrift on the world? The answer Is Staple. This great city becomes sponsor, provider and parent. Each tear three thousand children under twe tears old are cared for by New York dty and Its various charities. Accord tag to the records an average of one tandred and twenty of them are found acb year by the police where they aave been abandoned. They are found doorsteps. In hallways, in ash cans. j stairways, in the parks. In cars and In all sorts of places where they can he deposited without Immedrate ob servation. These are the veritable feaadllng'S Infant from a few hours to a few days old. actually abandoned to their fate, and who must be found ea after their abandonment, if life w kept tn their little bodies. Besides these, there are about two thoasand Infants of very tender age abandoned eTery year by their par xts to the mercy of the city and the various charitable societies organized to care for them, who are often taken tty the mother, and frequently by other jeraons Interested, to the various faoadUng Institutions, and there left to their helplessness to be provided for ay eharity. This little army of foundlings appear to be oq the Increase from year to year, and the number of Instance of tfce crime of Infanticide Is at the same rtsae apparently decrvasLn. Charitable gawvteioa for the care of the baby eften saves the unnatural mother of tfce crime of murder. When a policeman, on his rounds Bads a bit of humanity, with a linger lac spark of life In it body, hidden In aaaae out of the way corner, be at ooce mU to Bellevue Hospital axj notifies tfce Pepartinent of Charities. That iecaniuL.t. if no one claims the babe, tives it a name, which U written on a card, together with its sex. presumed eg and facts In relation to iu finding. With this card about iu nevk or fast sord to its arm. the little charge is pt to Randall' Island, and becomes aa Inmate of the Infants' Hospital, where It Is expected to stay until two lears old. The great work of the care and dis tribution of these rule unfortunate Is June by the foundling hospitals. TTivm ifcew the children usually when about three- years old are sect, through agreement of adoption, all over the toad, many reaching the farms of the Far West. The result Is f nmoeutly learned frora the children themselves, who write to their alma mater and state the post- they have reached In business social standing. 1 saw a number af snch letters tru farmers. hwy-. aalalsters in fact, from members of almost all honorable vocation many wcoapaoied by photographs thai showed character and intelligence. The greatest of these Institutions tn this city Is la the New York Pound aac Hospital, at Slaty-eighth street ia4 Third avenue, a Koaan Catholic afgaAiaatioa. which, t-ever. does not atscnniUute. Ctm Tuoar. THE 1897 BICYCLE. Wfcll Apparently I'nrhftogtd, ths Whwl It Much Finer Creation. The 1S7 bicycle, while showing no marked departure from Its prrdeces sors In mechanical principles and gen oral appearance, marks a great ad vanceuicnt In simillclty of coustruc tlon. combined with lightness and strength. In fact, the changes in those direi-tious ore more marked than those during any one year since the wheel has been generally adopted as a velit clc. The wheel, like other Inventions, be gan a complicated and cumbersome thing. Now the minimum of weight with the maximum of strength and speed is apparently very nearly ap proached. We notice, first. In the 17 models, the Increased use of nickel steel of the five per cent grade, which, weight for weight, has aUut ten times the endur ance of twenty-five per cent carbon steel. This shows the possibility of the reduction In weight, and. Is evidenced by an examination of the tubing of the new wheels. This tubing Is lighter and larger, while In-lug on the safe side of the breaking point. Then we notice the saving In weight, the Increase of strength and the addi tion of grace by the adoption of flush Jotnts. This Is a marked Improvement In the new wheels. Another very notable feature of the new wheels is a reduction In the num ber of pieces. This is seen In every portlou of the wheel, and has the re sult of dispensing with many nuts. AX OBJECT LTSSOX. bolts, screws and clamps. It Is partic ularly noticeable in the cranks and axles. Instead of five pieces, some of the new wheels have only two. That is. the axle and cranks are In two pieces, which, when put In place, are Joined in the centre. Beside the other advantages referred to, this allows of a more narrow tread, thus bringing the feet of the rider nearer together, add ing to muscular power, and contribut ing to grace. Then there Is a new axle and cranks of only one piece -a single forging to which the sprocket wheel Is fastened by beeng slipped over a permanent leg, which bears all the strain and leaves the holding sorew to simply keep the sprocket in position. There Is also a new adjustable chain. Into wMch links can be Inserted at will, without tools and without delay. This is accomplished by the use of a slotted Huk. with the centre of the openl Off sufSciently large to allow it to be slivped off or on Its holding rivets. By this form of link the annoyance of delay through broken chains can be avoided. There is also shown a new chain ad justment, easily and accurately opera ted by means of a thumb screw that adjusts the chain evenly on both sides and allows of any desired tension. Then there Is noticeable Improve ment In the protection of all bearlnjs from dost. This Is particularly to be seen In the axles, where an Inner brass tube, fitted with felt washers at it ends, keeps la the oil and excludes the dust. This not only keeps down the friction, bet. for the same reason, aids to the lift of the machine. Many wheels also show an Increase in the size of the balls, the standard, live-sixteenths of an Inch, being In creased to three-eighths of an Inch. These large balls wear better and cut less. There are also valuable features con tained the proviaxm for oiling, clean ing and flushing the bearings without disturbing the adjustment or removing any of the parts of the leartngs. A screw In the sprocket fiange er crank axle, permits the application of oil di rectly on the balls, the same result be ing effected on the opposite bearing by means of an oil hole In the adjusting cone. The forms of oiling device differ in various meJtes, but in all the tm proveoieat is la the direction of ease and comfort without the necessity of removing parts. The Cral Babeon. So far as speed Is concerned the dog. t course, has the advantage, but for ieeuness of sent, for the Instinct of Ending edible plants and hidden water, md as a sentinel acalnst every kind of ianger. the baboon is unequalled. I.e Yaillant. an African traveller, ;ivs an account of a tame baboon which accompanied him on some of his ioureeys. -By his cries." he says, "he ilways warned us of the approach of m enemy before my dogs discovered iu The drxrs were so accustomed to h!s voice that they used to go to sleep, and I was at first vexed with them for de ertins their duties. When he one Had piven the alarm, they would stop to watch for the signal, and on the least motion of his eyes, or the shaking i his head. I have seea them ail rush forward to the qatrter where his looks were directed. New York Jcr laL She: "My face I my fortaae." He: -I am sorry. I eoulj never marry a woman whose fortsia was i3 settled on herself.'- f Oredit Tor Farmers- We have lately given some account of the operation of agricultural bank in Europe, which have done very much for the farming class by making it possible for it to secure loans on such security as tarmeis can offer. The farmer is especially in need of credit, for the interval must always be considerable between the preparation of the soil and the harvesting of the crop. He must spend money a long time before he can get any back. As to most of his products, he maybe said to be carrying on a business where the stock is turned over but once a year. Furthermore, as a crop matures all over the country at the same season, and generally within a period of a few weeks, it is particular ly important to the farmer that he should not be compelled to realize on his harvests immediately. He would break the market if he were obliged to sell all his crops as soon as gathered, and yet he must sell a good deal, for he has been under expense for months without any income. While the farmer mere than almost any other producer needs credit, he cannot generally offc; commercial security, and real estate is not a good security for ordinary banks of dis count to take, and 'it is unlawful for our rational banks to accept it The result is that the farmer is usually compelled to sell his produce at an unpropitious time or to get credit of merchants and private bankers lor which usurious rates are obtained. In this country there has been practical!) no effort to supply this need for ari-! cultural credits, although the brokers and private bankers and factors who have made a practice ot lending to farmers have made a gTeat deal of money out of it, for the absence of competition enables them to get a hih rate for money, and the farmer pretty generally pays his debts. It is singular that in our own coun try no effort has been made to afford agriculture in general the capital it needs for the improving of land and for carrying on farm operations dur ing the long intervals between the annual marketing of crops. The changed conditions of the times make it imperative that farming must be conducted upon more scientific prin ciples so as to get out of the land more than it has heretofore produced. and that necessity leaves no alterna tive but either to afford the farmer enlarged credit facilities or to leave the present landholders to be rrozen out by insolvency, with the result of transferring this industry to a class possessing ampler means and able to cultivate larjer farms upc4 improved methods. jeurnjlef CtiHment and My Scighbor Told Me About Hood's Sarsaraxilla and ad vised me to try it This is the kind of advertising which gives Hood's Sarsa parilla the largest sales in the world. rnend teds ir.end tnat Hood's Sir- saparilla cures ; that it gives strength, health, vitality and vigor, and whole neighborhoods use it as a family medi cine. Hood's Pills act easily and rroasDt- ly on the liver and bowels. Cure sick headache. Bif Timber Deal Congrssjsias Kslp Purchases 26.000 Acres el Valuable lands. Congressman Monroe H. Kub has just completed negotiations by which ht hrm, M. H. Kulp 3: Co., secure possession of one of the larzest and most valuable tracts of virgin timber land in Pennsvlvania. " The deals have already been closed by which they secure a tract of 6,- ooo acres, several miles northwest of Lewisburg, and extending bacs to the White Deer Mountains. This Land is covered with the best veUow and white pine and cak forests now stand ing in this section, and it will require about fifteen years to cu and prepare its supply for market. Congressman Ku p s firm now has surveyors at wort stakirg out a rail road Une into the depths cf the forests, and has three routes under considera tion with Lewisburg, West Milton and New Columbia as their ternunol points. The railroad iron and several locomotives that will te used to haul the cut timber to the terminal point have already been ordered and the work of grading this private railroad, that will extend a distance of twelve or tuteen niues, wul be under sit within the next month. Several sawmills w-JI be pit in operation without delay, and aboc't ioo men w& b employed This timber tract lies near the point of intersection of Union, CLintoo, Center and Lycoming Counties, aid for many years past has teen a favor ed hunting and trout-rLhin resoct. Toe treat favor in which Ave?" 1 are neid au over Me world Los ; fc-iu. appLeanoo. g'.vts quick teen well earned. Tney are easy and , "lief ; three nights wJl cure most even pleasant to take, ani for a"l . eases ; six nirits wi2 cure most stsb cooplaints of the stotnach, liver, and ! torn cases. The best and surest cure t. I t " m C. - TV oowcis, axe me sore-it and most thorough medicine ia p harmov. Every dose effective. THE TBOZEN BREEZE. A Strang Phenomenon Observes br i Lover ol Nature. Did you ever see a frozen breeze ? You micht have seen one if you had aone with me into the country one winter morning, savs the Country. This was the way it came to be frozen : All nicht lonsr the air had been laden with mist Over the ficlJs, in the hollows all through the woods, even on top of the hills, the fog hung heavily. All that time the wind blew steadily, but not fiercely, from some northern quarter. At nightfall the mercury !l below the freezing point, so that this mist, as it Gritted through the trees, was frozen upon their branches and twigs. The elms, the oaks and the other leaf less trees took their :ce coating quite evenly, but the thick, impenetrable masses of the needless of the pine trees were covered noticeably only up on the sides toward the north or northwest, from which the wind came. The strong, steady breeze bent the branches to leeward while it was icing them, and when the wind came down in the morning they remained just there, leaning to the southward, iced and frozen to immovability, but look ing just as if the wind were still stead ily blowing. Even in tne afternoon, when t':e rain began to fall and the wind came from quite another quarter, that north wind of the night before still remained white and frozen over the piny woods, the pale, rigid corpse of a thing once keenly alive. A course of Hoods Sarsaparilla taien now will build up the system and prevent serious illness later on. Get only Hood s. Why We Are Right Handed. Primitive man, being naturally an aggressive animal, defended himself against wild beasts with his fists and noils. He fought for his food and his womankind, which his enemies were always trying to take from him. The first movement on being attacked is to endeavor to protect the most ex posed and vulnerable part of the body. For the boxer and the fighter the heart is undoubtedly the most vulnerable place. A hard blow in that region may easily kill a man, and consequently primitive man used the right hand to fight with and the left to protect the heart and to ward off the blows directed to that region. When, therefore, arms of offense and defense were introduced and replaced teeth and fists, it was the right hand that wielded the sword and lance, while the left held the shield and buckler before the region of the hea rt. The enormous difference between the use cf the right and the left hand in our present civilization has this very simple origin. In the first place, the superiority ot the right over the left hand was only brought into evi dence during a combat, but it soon spread and became- universal Since 1 the introduction of lethal weapons the right hand became naturally ac custome 1 to the manipulation ot the lance, the sword and the knife, and the nerves of the right side soon be came more flexible and more under the control of the will than the muscles of the left side. Xtw iWi LeJ;r. No small objection which young foils had to the old-time spring-medicines was their nauseousness. In our day, this objection is iemoved and Ayer's Sarsaparilla, the most powerful and popular of blood-purifiers, is as pleasant to the palate as a cordial. Ltovills. AjtIui- The Danville Insane Asylum re port for the fiscal year ending Septem ber 3 a, 1S96, has been sent out. The total number of patients admitted since the be-ginning of the hospital is 4.3;t J,77t males and a.toa teraa.es. cmoer ot patients charged .Restored, 475 males, dis- 3J9 595 fe- iema.es ; improved, fitnalei; stationary, females; died, 664 4t4 moles, 705 males, males, ijj ma-ca; not icsane, i. ice ratio of deaths to oil admitted was 23.94 per cent of male, 16 j 3 per cent of fe males ; total, 20 64 per cent. Tfce fiaazscia! condition of the Insti tution Sept. 33, 1396, was as follows : Asi:s Di tyS-ate fJr mainten ance, Sii.559 -5 ; de by State for land, $3,500 ; due by poor districts, Su.369.7a; due by private parents, $2,071.75; dje by iadiviiais for prodactf F-arc.'-.aied. $4" 96 ; $3?, 605.53. Liabilities Due treasurer, 5r,347 "3 ; acrcunts parable. $374. 14; tocA $t,7Ji J; balance, $36,- Eliei.cs i Pais, Itching Vizts Dr. Agne's Ointment cures Piles m aa form Itching E'.eedig and , 7 sli ercpv.cns. 1 ceati. j Sitd ty C. A. Klein. 35 I Important Notice! The only genuine "Baker's Chocolate," celebrated for more than a century as a de licious, nutritious, and flesh-forming bever age, is put up in Blue Wrappers and Yel low Labels. Be sure that the Yellow Label and our Trade-Mark are on every package. WALTER BAKER & CO. Ltd, Dorchester, Mass. ALEXANDER BROTHERS & CO. DEALERS IN Cigars, Totacco, Candies, Fruits and Nuts SOLI AGISTS TOR Henry Mail lard's Fine Candies. Fresh Every Week. j?2.tT2T"2 OOOI33 A SPECIALTY. SOLE AGENTS FOR F. F. Adams & Co's Fine Cut Chewing Tobacco Sole agents for the Hasiy Clay, Lssirss, Mortal, hdiaa Prizsoss, Samson, Silver Ash Bloomsburg Pa. PridejJ how a-nd For the finest and best stoves, tinware, roofincr. enrmtlnrr . and general job work, go to W. uuuuujj uy aicain, iiui dll ur lltJl Wdicr in a saiisiaC- tory manner. Sanitary Plumbing a specialty. I have the exclusive control of the Thatcher strnm W water and hot air heaters for 1 1 1 . 1 1 eagea 10 oe tne Dest neater on the market. All work guaranteed. IRON STREET. SHOES We buy right and sell right. OUR SUCCESS IS BASED ON THIS FACT. Honest trading has won us hosts w e are selling good shoes, so good you ought to see them. Drop in and we will make it pay you. Conges Ino.v axd Maix Sts. IF YOU ARE IN NEED. OF CARPET, MATTING, or OIL CLOTH, YOU WILL FIND A NICE LINE AT W. M. BIOWIE'S 2nd Door above Conrt House. A large lot of Window Curtains in stock. How tie Greeks Sleep, Fastidious Peopl Find No Conveniences at the Hotels. Ia Greece tne hotels of the intrinr follow on general t)f-the Italian. There IS CO Common Slttin-rrwim says the AtUntu JjntAv. Vh should there be ? There is no office, oat tea: does not seem to interfere with the presentation of bills. The ground door is given up to a cafe or restaurant, if the innkeeper goes into that kind of business. Very often, howefer, the master of the AdoIIo has on!y rooms to let. The sleeping apartments on the floor above are often approached by ia outside stair- way, ana, as is 10 De expected m a southern clime, they are scantily fur nished. Overrurnishing is a vice any where. Under a southern skv it is a crime of which the Greeks are not guilty. Tnere is usaa"T a mirror. tSnnA that tribute to humin vanity is some times locking, and. Lke the TurV solitary Turkish towel bears no brother near nis tirone. 1 ne bedstead is in variabty of iron. As in primitive L nited btates within my memorv, sins'.e rooms are rare. Twcl thr-i four, five beds are put in one room or Strang a.ong the corridors. A fas tidious cersoa wh.-w r?ir4 .- a room alone has to pay for all the beds therein. In some places special charges ore made for sleeping in the da time, and there is a fixed rate for sleeping on the floor. Nor a Quarter But just 10 cents, and 43 doses in a vial of Dr. Agnew's Liver Pills. No pain, pleasure in every dose little, but awfully good. Cure sick headache, constipation, lil. iousness, nausea, sallowness. Sold by C. A. Kleiin. following brand ot Clgara Gfaod Wofk. r - - - j J V. Watts, on Iron street this territory, which is acknowl- m ... W. W. WATTS, Blootnsbnrgy Pa. SHOES of customers but we want more. W. H. fioore. Then ii a Class of People Who are injured by the use of coffee. Recently there has been placed ia all the grocery stores a new preparation called GRAIN-O, made of pure grains that takes the place of coffee. The most delicate stomach receives it with out distress, and but few can tell it from coffee. It does not cost over as much. Children may drink it wita treat benefit. tcn and -rf rvr package. Try it. Ask for GRAIN 0 Her Hidden Treasure Gone Mrs. DougHer Died Leaving $3000 m Gft! Buriee-Probably Stole. There was grim disappointment at Wilkesbarre, on Saturday, when heirs of the late Mrs. Margaret Dougher failed to find $3000 in gold hidden under the cellar steps of her home On her death bed, after executing her will, she confided to James Harring ton her secret concerning the buried gold. Though the diggers searched vigor ously Saturday, they found no gold. They think either that Mrs. Dougher, in her suflerings, forgot where she had hidden the treasure; that she had changed its locality and forgotten about the change, or that certain parties learned aiout the burial of the money in the clor, and, after the recent burning accident, which result ed ia Mrs. Dougher's death, carried it away. By the provisions of Mrs. Dougher's will this gold was to have been divided between her husband and brothers. Her three houses were willed to her husband. 1 Do not wear impermeable aa tight-fitting hats that constrict tte blood-vessels of the scalp. Use Half Hair Renewer occasionally, andyo will not be bald. i