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VOL. 33 WAR DECLARED. Fighting Begins in Grim Earnest. OITIZEN—SOLDIEES RhSPONDING TO THE NATION'S OALL TOR TROOPS. Pennsylvania to Furnish Ten Thousand Men to Assist in Driving the Spaniards From the Island of Cuba. SEVEN SPANISH SHIPS CAPTURED. The spell has broken at last, and it will now be seen whether or not the Spanish Government can retain her hold on the island of Cuba. Before Minister Woodford had delivered the ultimatum of the United States the Spanish Government handed hup his passports. This action on the part of Spain was accepted by the United States as a declaration of war. President McKinley has exerted every possible effort to bring about a peaceful settlement, but to no avail, and henceforth it is to be war. But we believe we are in the right. We take up arms against the Spaniards in a just cause, —to battle for the free dom of a down-trodden people, and also to protect our own interests on the Island. FRIDAY. After a Cabinet meeting this after noon the ships of war were ordered on their mission of blood and force. It is understood that their destina-1 tion is Havana. Before many days have passed it is believed that their guns will be belching fiery defiance in the shape of shot and shell at Morro Castle. As has been heretofore stated the first step will be to proclaim a block ade of the port of Havana. It is not intended, howevet, to have a long drawn out blockade. According to the best advices President McKinley believes that the war should be short, sharp and decisive. He favors a policy of aggression quite at vaiiance with that which would contemplate a pro tracted and inactive blockade. Efforts will be made, therefore, to make the blockade brief but effectual. In order to do this troops will be sent down from Key West to form a junction with the Cuban insurgents and march to Havana. They will pro bably be landed at Guanabacoa or Cienfuegos. As soon as the troops have opened fire on Havana from the land side, Captain Sampson will give the inhabi tants of Havana the usual twenty-four hours' notice of a bombardment. Harassed by the American and in surgent soldiers from the land and Captain Sampson's strong fleet from the water, it is thought that the Span iards will be compelled to surrender Havana in short order. This it is believed would virtually end the war. While Captain Sampson's North Atlantic squadron is operating out side Havana Harbor to silence the batteries of Morro Castle, Commo dore Schley's flying squadron will cruise around in the vicinity of Porto Rico. He will intercept the Spanish flotilla if it attempts to steam towards Cuba for the purpose of raising the Havana blockade. It is likely, there fore, that in the vicinity of Porto Rico, the greatest naval engagement in the history of the world will take place. SATURDAY. President McKmley's proclamation notifying all nations of the blockade of Havana Harbor, the capture of the lumber laden Spanish ship Buena Ventura by tne American cruiser -Nashville and the passage by Congress of the Volunteer Army bill were the three great events in connection with the Spanish—American war'to day. The capture of the Spanish mer chant vessel Buena Ventura by the gunboat Nashville, constitutes the real beginning of hostilities. The Nashville, it is stated here, fired two shots at the vessel, and is therefore er titled to the honor of having fired the first shot in the Spanish—Ameri can war. The Spanish steamer Buena Ven tura, is a vessel of about roco tons which sailed recently from Pascagoula Miss., for Rotterdam loaded with lumber. A gun was fired from the port battery of the Nashville but the enemy's ship held her way having given the shot. For two minutes the Nashville kept up the chase and then tried another shot that passed appar ently within a rod of the Spaniard's bow and splashed the spray from the crest of the waves for a mile beyond. The officer on the Spaniard's bridge at once reversed her engines, while a man ran aft and hastily lowered her flag. The Buena Ventura's officers and men appeared to accept their situation as gracefully as possible. Another great event, which, how ever, lacks official confirmation, is contained in the report that Minister Sewell and Admiral Miller took for mal possession of the Hawaiian Is lands in the name of the United States as a coaling station on April 'S- Owing to the secrecy which must naturally attend acts of war, it is im possible to gain any information re garding this report at the War and Navy Departments. It is generally believed, however, among members of Congress, most of whom look upon such an action as a good strategical move. Hawaii would form an excell ent base of operations for a Spanish fleet which might attempt havoc on the Pacific coast, where the fortifica tions arc by no means as modern or numerous as on the Atlantic coast. While there is no knowledge that Spain contemplates any naval opera lions in Pacific waters, still it is the unexpected that must be looked for and guarded against in time of war, so the seizure of Hawaii is regarded as a timely precautionary measure. The notice of the blockade of Havana is not expected to precipitate naval hostilities. The American war vessels will remain well out of tange of the guns of Morro Castle and the shore batteries'so that there is no likelihood of a gun being fired for an indefinite period. Three more Spanish vessels were taken to-day. The newly captured prizes are the Spanish steam ship Miguel Tover, valued $400,000. She belonged to the Pinillo Line Barce lona. She was captured by the United States gun boat Helena. The Helena did not start with the fleet yesterday morning but remained at Key West, until today, when she steamed out to sea. She was cruising about 150 miles in a southwesterly direction when the Jover hove in sight. The Helena fired a blank shot and the Jover instantly hove to. The Jover was bound from New Orleans for Barcelona, via Havana. The United States cruiser Detroit fired on and captured the Spanish steamer Catalina, 3491 tons which left Cadig March 7, and was bound from New Orleans for Barcelona via Havana, for which latter port she was making when taken. When the first shot was fired her captain made a desperate effort to escape, and the chase was prolonged for eight miles. Finally a solid shot brought her to. She was carrying a cargo of 6000 bundles of staves. The other Span ish vessel captured was the Saturnina at Ship Island, Miss. She was taken by the United States revenue cutter Winona. MONDAY. War against Spain was formally de ! clared to day by the Congress of the , United States, the joint resolution to | that effect adopted by Congress was ' signed by the President. As set forth in the President's message requesting BLOOMSBURG, PA., THURSDAY, APRIL 28, 1898. Congress to act at once, the President was desirous that official recognition should be given hostilities so that the definition of the international states of the United States as a belligerent power may be made known and our international rights maintained. The formal declaration of war by Congress is as follows : Be it enacted, etc. First—That war be and the same is hereby declared to exist and that war has existed since the 21st day of April, A. D., 1898, including said day between the United States of America and the Kingdom of Spain. Second—That the President of the United States be and he hereby is directed and empowered to use the entire land and naval forces of the United States and to call into the actual service of the United States the militia of the several states as may be necessary to carry this act into effect. j President McKinley to-day issued a requisition upon the Governors of the States for 125,000 volunteers. These volunteers are to serve two years unless mustered out of the ser vice before the expiration of that time, and are alloted to the different States according to their population under the census of 1890. The Governors are requested to designate the organi zations of the National Guard to be called out, and tc recruit from their States volunteers to fill out their quotas. They are to be assembled at the points of rendezvous in the several States within a week's time, MI here they will be turned over to the War Department and be rapidly hur-' ried to tiie front. In every case the Governors are notified that the National Guard where they now exist as efficient and well officered bodies, are to be given the preference over ununiformed and uninstructed companies organized up on the spur of the emergency. In most States the National Guards so mustered into service will take with them their company and regimental officers. It will, however, be neces sary for them to be reappointed by the Governors before they can be commissioned as officers of the na tional volunteer establishment. The entire forces to be called into the service sum up to ninety regi ments of infan'ry, five regiments of cavalry, thirteen batteries of light ar tillery, and twenty-two batteries of foot artillery. This force will He or ganized into three army corps ot twenty-seven regiments of infantry, one regiment of cavalry and three battalions of artillery each. The part of the provisional force not in cluded in these corps will be the Texas quota to be used in guarding the Mexican frontier and the troops which will be needed to garrison the coast left vacant in the West by the concentration of the regular forces on the Gulf. The following is a copy of the tele gram sent to each of the Governors of the States and Territories inform ing them what will be expected under the President's call for troops : "The number of troops from your State under the call of the President, dated April 23, 1896, will be "It is the wish of the President that the regiments of the National Guard or State militia shall be used as far as their number wiil permit, for the reason that they are armed, equipped and drilled. Please wire as early as possible, what equipments, ammunition, arms, blankets, tents, etc., you have and what additional you will require. Please also state when troops will be ready for muster to the United States service. Details to follow by mail. (Signed) "RUSSELL A. ALGER, "Secretary of War." TUESDAY. The President has issued a procla mation containing the declaration of war and setting forth the regula tions that will be observed by this Government wilh regard to Spanish boats in American ports, to neutral flags and so on. Secretary Sherman took his fare well of the Cabinet to-day and Assist ant Secretary of State William R. Day was confirmed by the Senate as Secretary, and John B. Moore was confirmed as First Assistant. Senator Sherman's host of friends express great regret over his retirement from public life though they generally agree that after his extraordinarily long service it would have been asking too much of him to expect him to continue in office. The army reorganization bill was agreed to in Congress to-day and finally passed both houses and was signed by the President. The House conferrees agreed to the Senate Saturday Next We put on sale several dozen styles of / MEN'S AND YOUNG MEN'S FINE SPRING SUITS, every one of which has sold for $lO.OO, worth every penny of it, will be sold SaturV day at $7.90 O. The backward season has not moved them, hence ™ the price. SATURDAY NEXT we place on sale entire lines of $7.00 and $7.50 all wool suits in all the new and hand some spring weaves at $5.90 SATURDAY, Men's and Boys' cambric colored shirts, 19 cts. Boys' wash pants, small sizes, 10 cts. . " Men'e balbriggan underwear, 19 cts. E Toung Men's pearl fedora liats, regular $1.50 grade, 98 cts. Boys' blue, green or mixed golt caps, leather or cloth visors, 19 cts. Gidding & Co. amendments tequiring that the quota of militia from the various States aid Territories shall be in companies, trc ops and batteries, in order to be accepted by the President. That will satisfy to some extent the complaint coming from all parts of the country that only parts of regiments or com panies will be taken. No very important news was re ceived at the Navy Department to day as far as can be learned. The American fleet at Hong Kong has been obliged to leave that port under the neutrality proclamation of the British Government, and it is believed that it has gone to Manila, which port, it is expected, will fall into American hands. Spanish rule in the Philippines is more of a shell, if possible, than in Cuba, and the population in the Philippines is so much greater than in Cuba that it will not take lo.ig to turn the Spanish out of their possessions there. That is expected to be one of the early developments of the war. The President is being besieged just now with applications for ap pointment as generals, colonels, etc., in the army. It is generally under stood that Consul General Lee, in the very fitness of things, will be given a command. Postmaster General Smith issued a notice to-day stopping all letters in tended for Spain or her colonies. Now that war exists, there will be'no mail communications between the two countries, and letters intended for Spain will be returned to the senders whenever that is possible. WEDNESDAY. There was no apparent change in the situation to day. The blockading squadron remains passive before Havana with no present purpose of bombarding, or of drawing the fire of the shore batteries. As to the reports of the imminence of a naval battle off the Philippine Islands, the naval authorities at Wash ington seriously doubt whethe- the Spanish fleet will m-':e a stand against the American ships. Their reason .'or this belief is that the Si. aish fleet is very inferior in number and quality to the American force under Dewey. The department, therefore, is satis fied that the Spanish fleet will not go to do battle on the high seas with Admiral Dewey, but will remain in port to secure the protection of the batteries of Manila. An engagement is not expecteu for at least two days. Without giv : ng any explanation for setting this time, the department allows it to be surmised that the es timate is based on its knowledge of Admiral Dewey's whereabouts. There is no certainty that there will be an engagement at all in the im mediate future, the main purpose of the expedition being to seize and hold some suitable Spanish territory in the Philippines as a base of operations in Asiatic waters. It is possible that this can be done without attacking the other at all, by seizing a suitable port on some adjacent island, without forti fica ons, the sympathy of whose in habitants is towards the insurgents. In the War Department there is a growing belief that the campaign pro per in Cuba will not be in full swing before next fall, when the rainy season h„s ended. That belief, however, has not prevented the officers whose duty it is to get the troops together from pushing their work with the greatest energy. Thus within twelve hours after the Hull bill became a law, the depart ment was able to begin to send out circulars prescribing the methods to be followed in recruiting the regular army up to its full war strength of 6t,- 000 men. The enormous amount of work involved in thus increasing the army, regular and volunteer, has caused General Miles to abandon his Southern trip for the present. The officials of the department were overwhelmed to-day with all sorts of protests and appeals against their action in making the assignments of troops among the volunteer forces and many changes may be looked for. Several of the United States Con suls who were located at different points in the island of Cuba, among them James N. Springer, Joseph L. Hance and Mr. Brice, are at Washington and have been in con ference with State Department offi cials, and have communicated a large amount of important informa tion concerning the situation of affairs at Havana, Cardenas and Matanzas These Consuls took their departure at the time Consul- General Lee left Havana, they hav ing been ordered to turn over their affairs to the British Consuls at those points. Consul Springer, who has been NO. 17 many years on the island, and thor-i oughly understands the conditio* of affairs and the character of the Spanish people who control the is land, saj's the Spaniards will not surrender without a stubborn resist ance. He admits that the Spanish army is not very efficient, and in most part ill-provisioned and poorly equipped. The soldiers have re ceived no pay for many months, and the officers have only received half-pay. The supplies for many months past, been shortcut latterly th< \ been receiving several shiploads' The capture of the Panama, whicty was taken by the United States war' ship Mangrove yesterday, with its large cargo of supplies of various kinds for the army and the Span iards on the island, will, the Con sul says, be a serious loss. He thinks that General Blanco, the Cuban commander, will be able to raise quite a large army of Span iards tor defensive purposes, and if they could secure supplies, would be able to hold out for many months. He thinks that the insur gent forces are greatly exaggerated, and that they cannot muster, all told, more than 35,000 or 40,000 men. The insurgents, he says, are also poorly fed and equipped. If they could be supplied with arms and munitions, together with food and clothing, by the United States, they might be able to give Blanco and his Spanish army a good deal of trouble. Consul Hance, who has been a resident at Cardenas, and is fami liar with the situation of affairs at that point, does not believe that the occupation of Cuba by our forces will be a difficult task. As to whether the Cubans would be.com petent to establish 'a stable govern ment once the Spaniards have been forced from the island, the Consul is not disposed to give a decided answer. There is much diversity of opin ion at Washington among military and naval authorities concerning the proposed landing in Cuba, at a port to be opened by our fleet, of a brigade of regular infantry, cavalry and artillery, containing in all 5000 or 6000 men, to establish and guard a base of supplies. i CONTINUED ON PAGE 4.