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fit t ilolumbimt. Vi/ .ESTABLISHED 1866. sbe Columbia jPfmofrat, ESTABLISHED 1837. CONSOLIDATED 1869. PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY MORNING Bloomsburg, the county seat ot Columbia County, Pennsylvania. dttO. E. EL WELL EDITOR. D. J. TASKER, LOCAL EDITOR. IJEO. C. ROAN, Fokkman. TRRtfs:—lnside tbe county SI.OO a year In ad v&nco; $1.50 It not paid In advance Outside be county, $1.25 a year, strictly In advance, til communications should be addrc sscd to THE COLUMBIAN, Bloomsburg, Pa. " THURSDAY, MAY 5, IS9B. OANDIDATEB. FOR REPRESENTATIVE, North Side, Second term. WILLIAM CHRISMAN, of Bloomsburg. FOR PRESIDENT JUDGE OF THE 26TH JUDICIAL DISTRICT. E. R. IKELER, of Bloomsburg. <*, FOR CONGRESS, >ra)REW L. FRITZ, rof Bloomsburg. tt OR STATE SENATOR, W. H. RHAWN of Catawissa. 1 FOR REPRESENTATIVE, (South Side) WILLIAM T. CREASY, Catawirsa Township. FOR PRESIDENT JUDGE OF 26TH JUDICIAL DISTRICT, R. R. LITTLE, of Bloomsburg. The American people are patiently waiting for Commodore Dewey's own account of the Manila conflict. While no doubt of the completeness of the victory, yet his story will be the most acceptable. On one day last week the Senate passed upwards of seventy private pension bills. With the war now going on, and its thousands of new pensions in sight it is no time to keep adding to an already overgrown pension roll. William M. Singerly who died in Philadelphia a few months ago was engulfed in an ludebtedness of over $5,000, goo. This bit of information was the sensational feature of a stete ment given by George H. Earle Jr., It receiver of the Chestnut Street Na * tional Bank and one of the managers of the famous bank plan. Until now the piiblic has been led to believe that the dead publisher's liabilities were at least a million dollars less. Before his death Mr. Singerly was considered a wealthy man but the settling up of his estate has changed the appearance of things. If the United States should be ob liged to capture Havana it would not be an altogether novel experience for Eng'ish besieged and the town o?r three hundred Tars ago. In 1762 a British fleet took -* possession of the city, landing 14,000 men and defeating a Spanish force of 27,000. It was restored to Spain in 1763 and since 1821 has remained the last important colonial possession of the Spanish crown in the Western Hemisphere. In the British attack on Havana in 1762, there was a con / siderable force of colonial troops from - New England. Connecticut sent 700, and among them as a lieutenant, Gen eral Israel Putman (old Put) a favorite hero of the revolutionary war. Appropriation Oone. -.lt is said that practically the en tire emergency appropriation ofsso - 000,000 nlade by Congress for the I national defense has now been allot ed to the various bureaus of the War and Navy department. Not •S all, however, has been expended, a large pdrtion being subject to pay ment under contracts entered into by the bureaus. The True and the False, \ The Grand Old Commonwealth Motto is a V Misnomer. I Pennsylvania's state motto is, "Vir- I tue, Liberty and Independence." It ra hardly necessary to add that it is ideal rather than real. With the exception of a few years, the people of this commonwealth have not been permitted to enjoy the condition em bodied in the motto for more than a centurv. Instead of virtue, the'e has been the most scandalous corruption; instead of liberty, there has been the I most autocratic bossism ; and instead of independence, there has been the most subservient political slavery. Either the honest citizens should rise up and demand an exemplification of the motto in state affairs, or have the legend changed to accord with the disgraceful conditions that are known to prevail.— Westmoreland Democrat. MT- GRETNA- The camp ground at Mt. Gretna is one ot the garden spots of the State. It lies in a valley about five miles south west of Lebanon, and furnishes every variety of surface for the prac tice evolutions of the troops. There is an abundance of wood and of pure water. The last time the entire divi sion gathered there was in 1890, when President Harrison, Major Gen eral Schofield, Governor Beaver and other distinguished men inspected the troops and passed their approval on the camping grounds one of the finest that could be selected anywhere. The valley in which the troops as sembled is about two miles long and a half mile in breadth, the green slopes of the South Mountain rising upon both sides, and spurs cutting off each end. In the centre is a slightly rolling parade ground, with a broad expanse of green turf, upon which the evolutions of the troops can be con ducted. Nothing more picturesque can be imagined than the sight pre sented when the thousands of white tents of the Guard stretch over the green surface running into the woods on either side of the valley. Division headquarters will be located on a commanding eminence, just west of the centre of the valley, where they were situated in 1890. and from whence nearly every corner of the camp is under the eye of the com manding officers. This point is about a mile from the Mt. Gretna station, on the Cornwall and Lebanon Rail road, but the road skirts the north side of the valley throughout its en tire length, and guns and supplies can be transported almost into the centre of the camp. There is a railway tele graph office at Mt. Gretna station, where wires can be run directly to division headquarter and a daily pos tal service covering every brigade is one of the first things established after the company streets have been laid out and the tents erected. . The flanks ot the mountain on the south side of the valley afford a splendid field from which the various signal corps of the division can do practice work, both with the flag and heliograph by day, and the torch by night. How the State Aims to Aid the Farmer. Work of the Economic Zoologist. Dr. H. T. Fernald, who has recent ly been appointed Economic Zoolo gist to the Department of Agriculture of Pennsylvania, describes his duties as being the investigation of all kinds of animals which are injurious or beneficial to field and garden crops, fruit, stock and other agricultural in terests of the State. That this is an important work is shown by the esti mates prepared by competent persons at different times and in various parts of the United States. These estimates agree in placing the annual loss, due to the attacks of insects and other enemies of the farmer and fruit grow er, at one-tenth of his entire crop. In other words, the farmer, in an ordi nary year, pays a direct tax to Nature of one-tenth of all he produces, while in seasons when the pests are unusual ly abundant the loss may be as much as one quarter. If we apply these facts to a few, only, of the crops of Pennsylvania we find that the estimated value of the Wheat, Oats, Barley, Hay, Corn, Potatoes and Tobacco produced in the State during 1896 was $80,749 - 080, while if losses by insect and other similar causes had been prevented, it would have been nearly $90,000,000, showing that on these crops alone, the loss to the State each year is near ly $10,000,c00. This is a large sum and it would seem impossible, if it were not that it has always occurred, and a year with out it has never been known. It is only when the loss is greater than usual, that the damage is felt, and remedies are sought. Yet more than half of this destruction could be prevented if a knowledge of how to protect crops from their foes were general. It is to this line of work that the Zoologist intends to direct his efforts, offering to all who are interested, in formation how best to prevent these losses, or to check the toe when it has already appeared. In order to do this, and accomplish the most far-reaching results he desires anyone who finds his crops of any kind affected by any insect or other animal, to write him, sending samples of the injuries, and if possible, of the animal which causes the trouble. All such letters will be promptly answer ed with suggestions of the best ways to prevent further damage, and if the trouble be serious a personal examina tion will De made. All such letters should be sent to the State Zoologist, Department of Agriculture, at Harris burg. Bulletins describing injurious in sects and other animals, the work they do, and how to treat them will also be published, both in the news papers and as pamphlets for distribu tion. It is hoped in this way to in duce the people of the State to use the opportunities which have been prepared for them by the Legislature in this line, and in the end, save many millions of dollars each year. THE COLUMBIAN, BLOOMSBURG, PA.* A PATEIOTIO BARBER- Several days ago a stranger walked into a barber shop on Third street. He was well-dressed, but needed a shave very badly. After taking off his collar and necktie he climbed into the vacant chair and one of the pro prietors, who bv the way is a promi nent member of the S. of V., started to shave him, but the beard was so tough and wirey that it required an extra amount of lather to soften the beard so that it would shave easy. During the administering of the lather the stranger talked very freely con cerning the existing difficulties be tween the United States and Spain. The barber said nothing at first, but by the time he was ready to start to shave him, the stranger became very excited and commenced to tear up America and the American people in general. This so angered the barber that he quietly opened the door and then walked back to the chair and took the towel from around the stranger's neck and ordered him out in double quick time without even washing the lather ofif his face. The stranger vigorously protested, but the barber was firm, and when last seen the stranger was wending his way to ward the Clement House with his face covered with lather and all his whis kers. The barber was nothing if not patriotic and loyal to the "Stars and Stripes," and the stranger didn't get shaved at that shop.— Danville Intel ligencer. STRAY PARAGRAPHS. Dewey's feat will outlive him. News from the front—first page. Go at 'em Sampson, and duplicate If you want to make the most of a sponge, put it in water. Fish are reported scarce at the headwaters of Fishingcreek. Nobody knows better how to cut a frosted cake than the ice man. The Market Street fountain is being fitted up for the summer months. Most public speakers smoke cigars, and even tramps take the stump. Be thoroughly American these days and nail the colois to the lapel of your coat. If stolen dollars would burn there would be a great many hot pockets. The big bicycle parade arranged for Monday evening was postponed. Cause—mud. The rain on Tuesday didn't do a thing to '.he Daily's bulletin board despatches. That team of young preachers from Selinsgrove was too much for the Normals Saturday. There is no disguising the color of the ill fated battleship Maine, it was "blew" from the bottom up. The darkest scene we ever saw, was a darkey in a dark cellar, with a dark lantern looking for a black cat that wasn't there. We won't swear that the bell on the Town Hall (we mean the fire alarm) didn't ring Monday morning, but we stood pretty close and didn't hear it. The Prohibitionists of Columbia County will convenue for the purpose of nominating a county ticket, elect delegates to the State Convention, elect Congressional, Senatorial and Judicial conferees, at the Opera House Catawissa, Thursday May 12, 1898. The Convention will be addressed by Dr. C. H. Mead, of New York City. The choir of the Bloomsburg Methodist Episcopal Church, under the leadership of Prof. O. H. Yetter, will furnish the music. Your friends may smile But that tired feeling Means danger. It . Indicates impoverished And impure blood. This condition may Lead to serious illness. It should be promptly Overcome by taking Hood's Sarsaparilla, Which purifies and Enriches the blood, Strengthens the nerves, Tones the stomach, Creates an appetite, And builds up, Energizes and vitalizes The whole system. Be sure to get Only Hood's. ELECTION NOTICE. Agreeably to the provisions of an act of As sembly, pasud the 18th day of April, 175, the annual miwlag of the stockholders of the Bloomsbnrg Literary Institute and State Nor mal Bchool of the Sixth District will bo held on the first Monday of May. being May 8, 'B9B, be tween the hours of two and four o'clock In the afternoon or said day at the office of Normal School In the Dormltoiy In the town of Bloomr burg, Pu., at which time four persons will bo elected Trustees on the part or the stockholders to serve for a period or three years; at the Bame time four persons will bo nominated to the superintendent of Public Instruction, from which he may appoint two trustees on the part of the Bute to serve for a period of three years. JOIIN M. CLAIIK, 4-SB-„e Secretary. SUBSCRIBE FOR THE COLUMBIAN M m Our Leaders For Spring. ■ Swell Spring Overcoats, new j Handsome Suits for Chil- Men's nobby spring all wool shades, lap seams, well lined, (Jren. vestee styles, from Suits from from $7.00 j $1.65 $5.00 Remember our goods are ALL NEW, no old stock. Call and be sur prised at what you can buy for little money at Townsend's Star Clothing House. JOHN STINER. John Stiner died at his home on Iron Street Tuesday morning, from a paralytic stroke which he suffered while working on the road about two weeks ago. He was an ol 1 soldier having served in Company F. na Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers. He was an industrious, hard working man. Mr. Stiner was aged about sixty-two years. A wife and twelve children survive. Funeral services to-day at two o'clock. Literary Note- The May number of "Book News'' opens with a short story by Will N. Harben—"The Rural Visitor." Mr. Harben was for two years on the editorial staff of the "Youths' Com panion," which he left to travel abroad. He is a Southerner. His pen is prolific and well-guided. The plate paper frontispiece is a portrait of Owen Wister, a Philadelphia author, whose Western stories, "Red Men and White" and "Lin McLean," have been widely appreciated. The regular departments of "Book News" are particularly full and rich, while "A Half-Year's Fiction" conveniently groups the new stories of tne first half of the current year—telling of the forthcoming as well as of those already issued. "Book News" is five cents a number, fifty cents a year—the most liberal half dollar's worth known to the browsers in literary fields. John Wanamaker, Philadelphia and New York. Some Foolish People Allow a cough to run until it gets be yond the reach of medicine. They often say, "oh, it will wear away," but in most cases it will wear them away. Could they be induced to try the suc cessful medicine called Kemp's Balsatn which is sold on a positive guarantee to cure, they would immediately see the excellent effect after taking the first dose. Price 25 and 50c. TRIAL SIZE FREE. At all druggists. Quick Communication Facilitates Business. Use the LOCAL TELEPHONE and Communicate. Direct with persons in Berwick, Cata wissa, Danville, Riverside, Rupert, Willow Grove, Almedia, Lightstreet, Lime Ridge, Mifflinville, Millville, Rohrsbnrg, Nescopeck, Orangeville, Stillwater and Benton. Also long distance lines to nearly all the towns in the different States. Rates reason able. Local exchange over Postoffice. CENTRAL PENNA. TELEPHONE Jb SUPPLY CO., JOHN KEf.'YON, Manager. Jurors for May Term of Oourt. SECOND WEEK. Bloomsburg—Oscar Lowenberg, A. B. Cath cart. .Tames ItelUy. Benton—B. F. Appleman. Berwick—Adam Olaybcrger, Geo. A. Thomas, G. A. Buckingham, Thomas Wilson, J. W. Belles, T. It. Doan, Truman McAffee. Catawissa—John It. Kline, Oran Gee. < atawlssa twp.—Abraham Kaup. Centralla—Edward Welsch. conyngham—Michael Kelley, Thomas Knnis, Flshlngcrcek—John Y. Allegar. Greenwood John H. Sliultz. Hemlock—William A. Miller, William Howell, Msdlson—W. E. Smith, W. H. Helchart. Mifflin— D. A. Hess, 11. w. Hess, C. W. Hess. Montour—George Thomas, C. U. Eok. Mt. Pleasant—W. T. Vance, Truman Omans, William Wolf. Orange—F. A. Ale. Pine—Thomas Schlouch. Scott—J. E. swelgart. Sugarloat—S. E. Steadman, W. M. Brink. GET YOUR JOB PRINTING DONE AT THE COLUMBIAN OFFICE A QUESTION OF QUALITY AND VALUE Set forth the argument for to-day's selling features. *No flimsy imitations are tolerated in this store for the purpose of naming alluring price- figures. Lace Curtains. I Double faced sateen ribbon in 500 pairs strong comprise the lot. An interesting item to offer just at house cleauing time. Perhaps for more inter esting in actual saving than all could understand without a personal investigation. This is an instance where wholesale quantity buying dem onstrates its value creating for the customers. 45c pr., 65c, 75c, 79c, 98c, sl, 1.25, 1.35, 1.50. 1.75, 2 00, 2.25, 2 75, up to $7.50. Wash Goods. Owing we suppose to climate influence, have not been moving fast enough to suit us. The following prices will move them even in the face of a backward spring we think. 30 pieces of fine Organdie, worth we put on sale Wed. morning, April 27, at Bc, Wrappers. We will put on sale on Wed. morning, a lot of ladies' wrap pers, made of Simpson's silver gray calico goods, worth SI.OO, we will sell for 79c. Another lot worth $1.25 go for 98c. Ladies' Muslin Underwear. Three of the biggest bargains ever offered in Bloomsburg go on sale Wednesday morning. Ladies' robes, worth 65c, at 48c. " robes, " 50c, at 29c. " drawers " 25c, at 19c. Ribbons. Our ribbon stock has never been as large or as complete as you will find it now. Moire taffeta sash ribbon 5 in. wide, 30c , worth 50c., in all the new shades for spring. F, P, PURSEL, East CORSER'S BLOOMSBOEB, s " a e e". NEW SHOE STORE. I®, LOOK IT OYER See if you don't need a new pair of Shoes for dress or for work, and then come here and examine goods and prices. Men's solid, serviceable working and plow shoes at SI.OO and $1.25. Dress shoes, wide and narrow toes, sl.lO, $1.25, $1.75. These shoes for the quality and price is a eaviug to you of from 25c. to 50c. on each pair. We invite the women and girls that wear sizes 13,1, 2or 3to look at our job lot of shoes at 79c. Were sold at $2 and $3. See them in front of stoie. CORSER'S Schuyler's old hardware stand. BLOOMSBURCi* all shades and widths. Striped and plaid in all widths an d shades at prices that will please you. Dress Goods. A collection double the quan tity and sorts that we have hitherto sliown. Assortments that will compare favorably with any in the country. If the largest variety to select from at lowest prices will win your trade, we are bound to sell you your spring dress. We offer one special lot this week at 39c, worth 50c. Lot 2 at 56c yd., worth 65c. Lot 3 at 65c yd., worth 85c. Dinner Sets. We will put on sale Wed. Apr. 27, 8 sets dishes, 100 pes. in each set, goods that we can guarantee, with neat decora tions, at $7 48 a set. Lot 2, 100 pieces for $9.76 set. Lot 3, 100 pes. Johnson Bros. porcelain at $10.48 set. Lot 4, 100 pes. Johnson Broa porcelain at sl2 50 sot. Lot 5, 100 pes. Johnson Bros, porcelain at $14.00 set. Lot 6, 100 pes. Johnson Bros, porcelain at $16.00. Groceries. In our Grocery Department we will sell for the next ten days, commencing April 27, and we will sell until May 9, one grade ot standard Rio cof fee at 10c a lb. Chase and Sanborn's coffee, 2 pounds for 25c. Van Camp's baked beans, prepared with tomato sauce, at 11c a can, a saving to you of 4c on each can you buy.