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The Columbian. [volume] (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1866-1910, June 16, 1898, Image 6

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Beer, Ciglll-H, TohttCCO an<l Telephone*
Among fllo Article-, Selected lo Con
k trlbnte to tbo l.overnuient-WUI Qe
t Into Effect on July 1. ~
New York, June 15.—Many Inquirers
beset the internal revenue cilices at No.
114 Nassau street yesterday seeking in
formation regarding the workings of
the internal revenue office in collecting
the additional revenue tax made nec
essary by the war. As is well k.;o\vn,
• many of the increased rates taxa
tion became operative yesterday. The
tax on beer ar.d ale, fixed at $2 a bar
rel; tobacco, fixed at 12 cents a pound:
cigars, fixed at $3.50 a thousand; ciga
rettes, at $1.50 a thousand, went Into
effect yesterday. Only the stocks al
ready In the hands of retailers, or sa
loon keepers, escapes the tax, and the
brewery that began operations yester
day without a barrel of beer, having
lpaded the cellars and store rooms of
Its customers to their utmost capacity
to effect this, will esrape taxation on
Its manufactured product, and will on
ly have to pay upon that yet to be pro
Stamp Taxes.
The stamp taxes will go Info effect
on July 1, and it will be necessary to
stamp each bank check, manifests of
express packages, telegraph messages,
indemnifying bond, life insurance,
policy benefit insurance, fire Insurance,
lease, mortgage, passage to foreign
countries, patent medicine, perfumery
and wtine. The internal revenue office
has large quantities of beer and to
bacco stamps on hand, and they will
be used before any call is made for
new stamps. Over each of the new
printed stamps will be stamped in red
ink a distinguishing mark to show it
has been bought under the increased
price. After all that are now on hand
have been used up a new series will
be furnished by the treasury depart
ment, probably distinguished as "the
series of 1898."
Cigar and tobacco dealers who called
at the revenue offices yesterday were
informed that their stock on hand
would be taxed at half the rate fixed by
law for cigars and tobacco. This, of
course, is in accordance with the law.
Collecting Taxes.
The chief deputy, David S. Wendell,
answered questions yesterday in the
absence of the collector, John A. Ma
son. He said that he had no knowl
edge of what increased force weald be
necessary to collect the Lutes. No
preparations had been made as yet,
be said, and nothing would be done un
til a schedule of regulations was re
ceived from Washington. Copies of
this will be placed in the hands of di
vision superintendents, and they will
notify the different persons and firms
affected by the tax. It is presumed
that dealers in articles upon which the
tax goes into effect immediately will
read of Its provisions in the papers
and that they will prepare an inven
tory cf their stocks. As soon as the
collector's force has been increased suf
. flcienlly to allow of his notifying the
dealers. It will be done. This will be
the official notification, but the tax
will be reckoned from yesterday wheth
er the taxpayer was officially notified
yesterday or not. Upon receiving the
dealer's inventory the deputy collector
will investigate its correctness and af
fix the amount of tax.
Telephone Taxes.
Just how the telephone tax Is to be
collected puzzles the office, which has
not gone very deeply into the subject
anyway, as such details of administra
tion will be settled by the schedule of
regulations expected from Washington.
It Is presumed that the sworn state
ment of the telephone companies wili
be accepted, and that messages cost
ing fifteen cents now, will, after July
t, cost sixteen cents, the company sim
ply adding the one cent tax to be paid
by thecustomer, Thus, it is thought,
the companies will have no object in
submitting other than a correct state
ment of its messages.
bltW - ■ ■
Request-, of Elijah A. Morse.
Boston. June 15. —Kx-Representatlvo
Tilijah A. Morse's will a num-'
aer of public bequests, amounting to
210,00') in all. They were as follows:
American Missionary Association. $5.-
500; American Board of Commissioners
for Foreign Missions. $5,030; Mount
Holyoke Female St miliary and College
of South Hadley, the Income to be used
for the education of indigent, worthy,
and deserving young women, $5,000;
Massachusetts Horn. Missionary Soci
ety, $5,000; Massachusetts Homeopathic
Hospital, $5,000, trustees of the Con
sumptives' Home, founded by Dr. Chas.
•Cullls, Boston, $5,000; F,vangelieal Con
gregational church of Canton, the in
come only to be used in the support of
preaching, $5,000: First Baptist church
of Canton, Income ontv to be used in
support of church, $5,000.
The rest of his property, real and
personal, is left to his wife, his thre
sons, his brother and nieces and neph
Lieut. Col. Hawaii ill New York.
New York, June 15.—Lieutenant Cel.
rnel Andrew S. Rowan Is at the Wind
tor hotel awaiting orders which will
send him to the rda:. in his regiment
wh'lch his courage won him. It was
only a month ago that Lieutenant Ro
wan, then a first lieutenant ill the
Nineteenth Infantry, escaped front Cu
ba in an open boat after conducting
negotiations with '.lie insurgents which
paved the way for the present prepa
rations to occupy the Island. He risk
ed his life during every moment of his
hazardous trip, and now he is enjoy
_ng the reward of his bravery.
The regiment to which Lieutenant
Colonel Rowan will be attached is the
Sixth United Stat-.3 volunteers and Is
now being raised in Tennessee and
Toil Purchased In Canidi.
Montreal. June !s.—Practically the
whole surplus stock of teas In the
hands of Toronto wholesalers has been
bought up by United States firms, and
rhtpped across the line, in order to
avoid the ten cents a pound war tax
levied bv the United States govern
ment. Colonel Sewell, the United States
consul at Toronto, during two or three
days passed bills of lading showing
2.100 packages, valued at $23,940.
A Crowil Hi the Sul-treatury To
rfn y.
New York, .Tuna 1*. —Persona anxloue
to invest their savings in the new issue
of government bonds—clerks, store
keepers, small speculators, laborers
and women even—crowded the office
of Deputy Assistant United States
Treasurer Muhlman in the sub-treas
ury yesterday seeking information as
to how they could loan money to this
government blanks for applications
were handed to hundreds of persons,
and the clerks In the office were kept
continually busy giving out informa
tion to an anxious public.
Though the application for blanks
was so large that they had to be given
out sparingly, few persons made an
actual purchase, evidently wishing "to
go home and think the matter over
first. Up to noon less than twenty
bonds of denominations of SSOO or less
were bought and paid for.
To guard against speculators and to
give the public every possible chance
to invest, no person Is allowed to invest
more than SSOO, applicants at the sub
treasury for bonds of larger denomina
tions being advised that their applica
tions must be sent to the treasurer of
the United States at Washington.
Circulars were distributed to the
postoffice and its branches and to ex
press offices, where persons anxious to
subscribe may do so any day or even
ing up to eight o'clock, until the sub
scription closes at 3 o'clock in the af
ternoon on July 14 next.
How Tliey Are to He Issued.
The bonds will be issued in both cou
pon and registered form, the coupon
bonds in denominations of S2O, SIOO, SSOO
and SI,OOO, and the registered bonds in
denominations of S2O, 100, 500, SI,OOO, $5,-
000 and SIO,OOO. They will be dated Au
gust 1. 1898, and by their terms will be
redeemable In coin at the pleasure of
the United States after ten years from
the date of their issue, and due ar.d
payable August 1, 1918. The bonds will
bear interest at the rate of 3 per cent,
per annum, payable quarterly.
The law, authorizing this issue of
bonds provides that in alloting them t.u
several subscriptions of indivldua's
shall be first accepted, and the sub
scriptions of the lowest amounts w..l
be first allotted. All individual sub
scriptions for 500 or less will be allotted
in full as they are received, and such
subscriptions must be paid in full at
the time the subscription is made. If
the total sum subscribed for in amounts
of SSOO or less should exceed $200,000,000
the allotments will be made according
to the priority of the receipt of the
Allotments on subscriptions for more
than SSOO will not be made until after
the subscription closes, July 14. and
will then be made inversely according
to the size of the subscriptions, the
smallest subscriptions being first allot
ed and so on. Persons subscribing for
more than SSOO must send cash or cer
tified checks to the amount of two per
cent, of the sum subscribed for, such
deposit to constitute a partial payment,
fo be forfeited to the United States in
the event of failure to make full pay
ment for his subscription. The allot
ment to subscribers for more than
SSOO will be made as soon as possible
after the subscription dotes.
A New Squadron to He Formed Under
Commodore Srlitey.
Newport News, Va., June 15.—The
most significant news here 4s the state
ment by a naval officer that one of the
most daring movements in the history
of naval warfare, with Commodore
Schley to put it Into effect, Is a strong
probability of the near future.
His venture 4s the sending of a new
flying squadron to Spanish waters to
locate Spain's reserve fleet.
Should the fleet remain In Cadiz har
bor the plan of the navy department it
is said contemplates the dispatch of a
second or reinforcing squadron to Span
ish waters and the capture or annihila
tion of the Cadiz fleet.
The second fleet would probably con
sist of two battleships, several cruis
ers and a number of colliers.
There Is no doubt that a new squad
ron will be formed in Hampton Roads
and all Indications point to the fact
that it will be sent across the Atlantic
if the Spanish reserve fleet docs not
make a quick move for Cuba or Porto
This step may not be inaugurated,
however, until Admiral Cervera's fleet
Is either captured or destroyed.
It is said that the new squadron will
be composed of the cruisers Brooklyn
(Commodore Schley's flagship), New
York, Minneapolis, Columbia, St. Paul,
Yale, St. Louis and Harvard. Three
:>f these ships are now here or in Hamp
ton Roads. All have a speed of more
than twenty-one knots, and they would
form as fleet and strong a flying squad
ron as could be organized from the
American navv. Their coal carrying
capacity ranges from 2,000 to 4,000
tons. The Cincinnati and Newark, now
at Norfolk, would hardly Join the new
squadron because of their small coal
The Harvard's gun mounts have been
placed in position and eight 5-inch
guns were hoisted aboard yesterday.
lfrtbrt Won AhroHd.
Liverpool, June lo. —The lawn tennis
championship contest opened yesterday
at the Liverpool cricket grounds, Alg
burth. The entries were good, all the
best English players being engaged ex
cept the brothers Badclev, whose ab
sence was due to the illness of Mr.
Wilfred Baddeiey.
In the preliminary round for the
gentlemen's singles, Mr. Clarence Ho
bart of the United States beat Mr.
Wolff of Liverpool. The other con
tests were uninteresting.
Internationul Missionary Union.
Clifton Springs, June 13.—At the
close of the meetings of the Interna
tional Missionary Union the following
candidates, accepted for the foreign
field, were presented by Mrs. White
Miss Grace Soper, Miss Glenck and
Miss Matthews. The Misses Wyckoff,
who have spent several years in China,
spoke In Chinese. Saturday evening's
meetings were devoted to the interests
of higher education and the place of
schools In the mission fields of a direct
evangelical character. This has been a
question wnlch has called out a varie
ty of opinions among the missionaries.
A number spoke on the subject. Dr.
C. W. P. Merrltt of China presided.
Ills Assurances of Anxiet) for the Crown of
Spain and iht <,'nl>letl Kumomof Ills Kf
forts to Knlso Europe Against Us Makes
Ills Majesty Interesting to Our People.
The assurances of anxiety on the
part of the Emperor Francis Joseph in
the Crown of Spain and the cabled
rumors of his efforts to raise Europe
against the United States make the
polyglot empire of his majesty a mat
ter of direct interest to our people.
We have paid but little attention to
the beer garden scenes lately in the
Austrian Reichstag, and neither the
discontent of the Magyars nor the po
litical demands of the young Czechs,
have much concerned the people of the
United States, since the exile and death
of Louis Kossuth. When the great
Hungarian patriot came to this country
the people of the United States gave
him funds, a warm welcome in the
name of freedom and the privileges
usually accorded to a distinguished
stranger In Washington. Mr. Seward
and the late "Sunset" Cox and many
others made warm speeches appealing
to Magyars and to all American patrl- 1
ots alike to stand by the Hungarian
cause. There is not any apology due
Francis Joseph for our action in 1870.
Though one portion of the dual Em
pire would probably reciprocate by now
discountenancing acts of hostility
against the United Statee on the part
of the head of the state, it Is neverthe
less a fact that beyond wishing well to
freedom everywhere we have not as a
people taken any particular Interest In
Austro-Hungarian affairs for many
years. We may do so again because It
is almost impossible to doubt that the
head of the House of Hapsburg has dis
played both In his own person and in
the case of his Majesty's Premier, Golu
chowski, a tone of bitter unfriendli
ness to the people and institutions of
the United States. Count Goluehow
ski has gone so far as to publicly urge
upon Europe the necessity of combin
ing against us commercially, and his
august master has followed up this
step by repeated invitations to Euro
pean Courts to Intervene in our con
test with Spain in the common interest
of the lame, crippled, humpbacked, be
wigged and wrinkled monarchies of
Europe. With the affairs of that con
tinent we have no concern. It is not
the intention of the United States to
interfere In the domestic affairs of any
foreign people. But our espousal of
the case of Kossuth helped to create
the autonomy of Hungary and as we
have in this country many o' the for
mer subjects of the Austrian kaiser,
the political condition of the people of
central Europe can hardly be a matter
of indifference to Americans.
The people of the United States may
therefore be compelled to renew their
former interest In the Emperor Francis
Joseph and his affairs, apart entirely
r'rcnj the fact that he may at any time
spring into notice as the author of a
European concert against the new for
ward policy of this country. Of course
we have no fear of any such concert
And if all Europe would be so mad as
to regard these United States as all
Europe once regarded the First Napo
leon, thi3 country has enough of the
Termer subjects of these European
countries to stand between us and an
American Waterloo, even if all the na
tive Americans kept saying nothing
but sawing wood. Wo need not
raise a hand should such an issue be
thrust upon U3. Indeed the somewhat
rickety throne of Austria would hardly
bear such a strain just now as partici
pation in a European concert would
put upon it. And the opinion prevails
in more centres than America that it is
the tact and urbanity of the Emperor
alone which makes the House of Haps
burg a factor at all in Europe; and
that when Francis Joseph dies as many
lines of cleavage are likely to set In
through his mosaic empire as mani
fested themselves In the once proud
Empire of Charlemagne, of which there
is now no trace.
The present Emperor was hardly
seated on the throne in 1848 when he
saw the expulsion of Louis Philippe
engender a revolution among hlB sub
jects, and it Is not unlikely that to the
fear of seeing the throne of the Bour
bons fall in Spain, and thus the con
tagion spread from Madrid to Vienna,
Is due much of that Bolieltious Interest
in us now shown by the Emperor of
Austro-Hungary. It is not our fault
but Spain's misfortune that the proud
and pedigreed race over which his ma
jesty's niece is Queen Regent, should
so conduct Itself In Cuba as to make
American Intervention a humane neces
sity as was that of Austria in Bosnia
and Herzegovnia In 1870.
It may therefore so happen that
Francis Joseph would court the fates
and that the close of his reign would
see the renewal of those aspirations
for liberty which in 1848 drove Prince
Metternich from the Austrian Capiuu,
and gave a free constitution to Ute
Austrian people. The present Emperor
ought not to forget that it was the ab
dication of his uncle Ferdinand which
kept the Hapsburg dynasty from fall
ing In 1848. In order to qualify him
for reigning In this crisis, Francis
Joseph, then a minor, was declared of
age so as to give his ascent of the
throne the legal sanction of the con
stitution In the eyes of the people. It
was only through the assistance of
wiser councils that those who now sur
round him, that the young Emperor
was proclaimed, and it was through the
military aid of Russia and by rather
clever manipulation of the popular
forces that a peace was maintained
which aeoured the succession.
Nor can we forget that the practice
of petty Intrigues such as is now attrib
uted to him well becomes the Empero/
and nis ramny. For a tnuusanu year,
the House of Hapsburg has maintained
Itself by crimes that call for the con
demnation of the decalogue. It was by
arts that the dukes of Austrli
pushed that Insignificant state Into tha
proportions of an Empire. It was a
duke of Austria that betrayed Richard
Plantnganet to the Saracens. It was a
duke of Austria that held Richard
Coeur de Leon for twelve years In a
Danublan castle; and another of the
race that did all manner of hideous
things In order to incorporate the
crowns of Bohemia, Transylvania and
Austria. The character of his ances
tors also well befits the present Em
peror. In the dispute between Eng
land and Prance in 1854 the aim of the
Emperor of Astrla was to trim between
the contending powers. Calling him
self an ally of the Western powers he
came out of the scramble protector of
Moldavia and Wallachia, and so be
came one of the contracting parties of
the peace of Paris in 1856. Ha thus
vastly solidified himself In the seat into
which adventitious circumstances had
thrust him. He was also successful in
the attempt to maintain for a long
time the predominance of Austria over
Prussia In the Germanic Diet; and no
one will deny that the ill-starrad at
tept of his brother Maximilian to sub
vert the Monroe Doctrine had the full
and unconditional approval of the
whole Austrian Court. He was then
the enemy of America as he Is to-day.
Therefore there are many probabilities
as well as some powerful dynastic
reasons why the cables from Paris
which speak of the pernicious activity
of Austria do no injustice to the Aus
trian Emperor, whose family masked
In piety have ever been the unscrupu
lous foes of liberty, and of whom a
caustic writer has well said that "they
gave Idiots to Spain In the guise of
Kings, harlots to France In the guise
of Queens, tyrants to the Netherlands
In the guise of regents, monsters to the
new world in the gulße of warriors and
empty-headed bigots to lord It over the
brave people of the Holy Roman Em
pire." This is a crushing Indictment
and It Is perhaps one of the retribu
tions of avenging time that the man
who is now conspiring against us 1 as
no direct heir for the throne his fathers
had stolen and is likely to be succeeded
by a madman who is never likely to
reign and who is one of the wickedest
men on earth.
A Private Ship of War Bent on Doing Its
Dam to Help the Couutry.
When the American privateer came
to the front In the war of 1812 It did
not come as a pirate.
It came as a private ship of war bent
on doing its beßt to help the country,
which had only a small naval force.
These vessels and their services to
the Republic were admirably Illustrat
ed in the case of the General Arm
strong, a small ship mounting only
seven guns and carrying ninety men.
The General Armstrong sailed from
New York and captured many British
prizes In the first two years of the
In September, 1814, she was lying In
the harbor of Fayal, Azores Islands,
when a British squadron of several
ships sailed in.
This squadron was on Its way to Ja
maica, where a great fleet was being
assombled by the English to capture
New Orleans.
On seeing the General Armstrong,
which was under command of Capt.
Samuel C. Reid, the British prepared
to attack her. The principal English
vessels in the squadron were the ship
Plantagenet, of 74 guns, the frigate-
Rota, 44, and the brig Carnation, of 18.
Commodore Lloyd gave orders to
capture the Yankee so that she could
be used In the expedition against New
Orleans. All were sailing ships in
those days, and the first attack on the
'Yankee" was made by a boat party
of 150 men.
These were repulsed with terrible
loss, and a second attack was made
with 500 men, which met with a simi
lar fate.
Amazed at the fighting qualities of
the American privateer Commodore
Lloyd then ordered one of the big ships
to be "worn" into position so that she
could get her big guns to bear on the
Genera! Armstrong.
Before this could be done Capt. Reld
scuttled his ship and landed with his
men. The little company took refuge
in an old stone convent on a high hill
and defied the enemy.
The official report of the British Con
sul shows that the losses on that side
In killed and wounded was 300 men,
while the American had only 2 killed
and 7 wounded.
By this gallant fight of Capt. Reid
and his men New Orleans was saved.
The British squadron did not reach
Jamaica In time t co-operate in the
attack, and when they finally reached
there Gen. Jackßon had the city in a
condition to repel their attack.
This wonderful exploit of the Gen
eral Armstrong is not referred to in
any of the regular histories of the
American Navy, though it certainly de
serves a place there.
The privateers of those days, so far
as this country was concerned, were
the volunteer navy of the Republic.
They struck out boldly for the enemy's
country and were ready for a fight at
a moment's notice.
The volunteer navy of to-day would
do the same thing if given the oppor
For Proflr nd Ploaiturr.
In Paris the thousands of sardine and
other tin boxes that are thrown away
every month are stamped by machinery
into tin soldiers, and sold so cheaply
that the poorest children can buy them,
wh'le the manufacturer makes a fair
V RERFECT rOOD—aa Wholesome as it is
V fw •• Has stood the test of more than 100 years' use among all X
() fcjj classes, and tor purity and honest worth is unequalled." J#
S\ H ' iPIHI Costs less than ONE CENT a Cup.
X KM I M l Trade-Mark on Every Package. X
/X TRAOI-MMK. Established I 780. DORCHESTER, MASS.
Cigars, Tobacco, Candies, Fruits and lints
Henry Mail lard's Fine Candies. Fresh Every Week.
ZPiLTsritf-s GOODS
F. F. Adams & Co's Fine Cut Chewing Tobacco
Sole agents for the following brands of Cigars-
Henry Clay, Londres, Normal, Indian Princess, Samson, Silver Ash
Bloomsburg Pa.
2nd Door above Court House.
A large lot of Window Curtains in stock.
/■S v At A YEAR FOR —*
$1.0:0 DEfIOREST'S
n A Ml 3 Y
The subscription price of DEMOKEST'S * i TiMr 1
is reduced to SI.OO a year. J IAG AZI N ■
gives the very latest home and foreign fashions each mouth ; this is only one of its many
valuable features. It has something for each member of the family, for every department
of the household, and its varied contents arc of the highest grade, making it, pre-eminently,
THE FAMILY MAGAZINE OF THE WORLD, ft furnishes the best thoughts of the most in
teresting and most progressive wrilers ol the day, and is abreast of the times in everything,
—Art, Literature, Science, Society Affairs, Fiction, Household Matters, Sports, etc, —a
single number frequently containing from 200 to qoo fine engravings, making it the MOST
DEMOKEST'S MAGAZINE Fashion Department is in every way far ahead of that con
tained in any other publication.
Subscribers are entitled each monlh to patterns of the latest fashions in womans' atti
AT NO COST TO THEM other than that necessary for postage and wrapping,
than a year's subscription to DEMOKEST'S MAGAZINE can be made. By subscribing AT
ONCE you can get the magazine at the reduced price, and will also receive the handsome
25-cent Xmas Number with its beautiful panel picture supplement.
Remit ijil 00 by money order, registered leiter or check to the
DEMOREST PUBLISHING CO., 110 Fifth Avo., N. Y. City.
r ONLY 51.75 FOR h
and Demorest's Family Magazine.
(, Send your subscriplions to this office. J
"Hello, Tom!
You look sick your better
—what's the , advice. Here
trouble?" C|WjjCrT a {ter my
• \ an ) I clothes, like
sick* Sick of 1 *
this suit I " yours, will be
America's Popular Tailors, Chicago.
Convention National Educatioual Associ
ation, Washington, D. C.
Reduced Rates via Pennsylvania Railroad.
For the National Educational As
sociation Convention to be held at
Washington, 1). C., July 7 to 12, the
Pennsylvania Railroad Company will
sell excursion tickets from points on
its line to Washington and return at
rate of single fare for the round trip
plus $2.00 membership fee. These
tickets will be sold on, and good go
ing, July 4 to 7, and good to return
leaving Washington July 8 to 15,
when stamped by Joint Agent at
Washington. By depositing ticket
You can't always tell by the
looks of a garment how it is
going to WEAR.
get the WEAR as well as
the looks when you can have
both at the same
PRICE. $12.00 is the starting
point of those
Edward E. Strauss & Co.'s
Famous Custom Tailored
Suits and Overcoats
with an ironclad guarantee
thrown in free.
IT WILL PAY YOU to examine
this line, and leave your or
der for one of these hand
some garments.
Bloomsburg, Pa.
with Joint Agent on or before July 12
and on payment of 5° cents the
return limit may be extended to Au
gust 3r. Tickets for side trips from
Washington to Gettysburg, Richmond,
Old Point Comfort, and Southern bat
tlefields will be on sale at the ticket
office of the Pennsylvania Railroad
Company in Washington during the
continuance of the Convention.
Something new in the annals of
war is a matron for a regiment, in
which capacity Mrs. Susan A. Glenn,
of Washington, a soldiers' widow and
mother of a soldier in the present war,
goes to the front.
Bears the Tlw Kind You Have Always Bogt

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