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The Columbian. [volume] (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1866-1910, September 22, 1898, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83032011/1898-09-22/ed-1/seq-6/

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M Sigsst*. —They don't want you > they want Battle Ax.
Z Many of our wants are satisfied with substitutes Z
Z —but there is no substitute for Z
jt Jl Zl JjZ
Z When a man wants Battle Ax there is a reason 9
Z for it —and when he is offered anything "just Z
Z as good" there is a reason for his insisting on Z
Z Battle Ax. Z
O This reason is that Battle Ax is better than any w)
X other chewing tobacco that money will buy. 9
z Pemember the name I
| 1 v when you buy again. g
" If at first you don't succeed," try
— -{
Hy for Paatore.
Bye may be sown for pasture elthel
In the fall or in the early spring. Itf
function as a forage plant is to replace
or supplement the dry fall pasture
grass, and to afford succulent forage
In. the early spring before the grass it
ready to be pastured. For this pur
pose it Is best sown in the fall. II
sown about September 1 it will afford
good pasture in tilie late fall when
most of the other forage plants have
succumbed to frost. To obtain the
best results with milch cows this pas
ture should be supplemented with oth
er feed. In tihe spring it affords more
luxuriant forage and may be pastured
as soon as the land is fit to turn the
cattle on (T. 1.. Lyon, Bulletin 53, Ne
braska Experiment Station). It it
eaten with relish by stock up to the
time of blossoming. After that the
■talks are too woody to be relished by
If It is desired to use It for pas
tare luter than this, It should be sown
In the spring. By sowing rye It is possi
ble to use land for early pasture, plow
. ' It up and use for a summer crop, 01
ILj fur summer pasture with another for
age crop. Seed at the rate of 1V& to 2
bushels to the ncro, either with a press
) .• drill or broadcast. After the plants
are up, keep the surface of the soli
loose with the harrow. Do not pas
ture in the fall until the plants have
become well established. Many dairy
men object to rye pasture on the
grounds that It gives an unpleasant
taste to the milk and butter. It seems
possible to remove this objection by
taking the cattle off the rye two or
three hours before milking and by
feeding something In addition to the
rye.— American Agriculturist
Thinning Fruit.
The principal cause of so much small
■cabby and 111-shaped fruit being sent
to market is that the fruit grows too
thick on the trees. If a crop of corn,
tnrnlps, or nny of our annual crops is
planted too thick the damage Is only
tor the present; but if a tree be nl
lowed to bear too full, It may injure
the next and perhaps the next two or
three crops in the future. If a peach
tree, for Instuuce, is quite full. It may
... he thinned to one-half at any time be
fore the seed hardens and will be able
to produce as many pounds of fruit as
It would if not thinned and of course
of better quality. It is the* maturing
of the seed that exhausts the vitality.
Some varieties of fruit are recog
nized as alternate bearers, and the rea
son Is obvious. Tbey are so busy ma
turing their enormous crop this yeur
u.i*y luivtf no time ft) prepare
fruit buds for the next; liesides, their
vitality is so exhausted that they re
quire a year or more of good care to
prepare for another crop. By proper
and judicious thinning, these same
trees may oe brought to a habit of an
nual bearing of good and profitable
crops that will handle quickly, sell
I' readily, ami for double or triple the
• price of small, knotty fruit. Farmers
could well afford to take a little time
from the regular farm work and thin
their fruit trees.
Hitriiliig S|tintid.
I The months of August and Septem
ber are the best for the eradication of
old stumps. Nothing connected with
farming is more aggravating than
those "thorns of the ground."
There is no bettor way than to burn
them out. and this may be done by a
simple and cheap method. A sheet
Iron cylinder large enougli to slip down
over the large stumps Is used. Tills
cylinder tapers Into a cone-shaped tig
; ure the size of a stovepipe. Several
j Joints of stovepipe nre then added to
I tills anil the whole apparatus is placed
j over the stump. Previous to this the
] soil is away frqm around the
! stump and g fire is kindled; then the
cylinder is added, the smoke evolves
from the pipe and you have a good
working stove, principle complete. The
stump will be burned up as completely
as if it were put in a stove manufac
tured for the purpose. There is more
profit derived from the destruction of
I stumps thnn many suppose. More
work enn be done in a day in a field
free from stumps, and a larger yield
will also be the result. Spare nothing
to rid yourself of every stump on your
farm.—American Agriculturist.
To Orl Kill of Wood*. *
[! A writer In Fnnn and Fireside says:
"After the wheat and oats are cut up
! comes the rngweed, with other weeds
I too numerous to mention, and in a
; short time the stubble fields look like
they had been forgotten. On land
1 that was rich I have seen a perfect
forest of ragweed spring up In an in
credibly short time after the wheat
and oats were cut. The only way to
I prevent this Is to plough the land soon
I j after the crop Is removed. And this
i j can be done by every farmer who is
,! not trying to farm two or three times
I , as much as he can. The ploughing
1 j need not be deep—three Inches are suf
• , ficient to destroy all weeds that hnve
■ started. If the land Is to be seeded to
• | wheat again, this early ploughing will
i | be of the greatest benefit to It. preveut
' I Ing it from baking into rock-like clods
• | which neither roller nor plank drug
i can pulverlzdt Stubble land skimmed
i over with the plow soon after harvest
s can be reploughed deeper afterward,
If desired, and It will crumble nicely
; and can be worked down fine without
| difficulty. I would advise all farmers
j to plough after harvest, whether the
land Is to be reseeded to wheat or not-"
An Interesting; hJketuli of the Career of
Tola Rodrlqtioz de Tlo, Whose Song*
Have Added Fuel to the Freedom Forg
ing; Flume*.
' Loin Rodriguez de Tlo Is a woman
with three reputations, each of them
excellent and extraordinary. She
ranks hl'li among the world's conch
ologlsts. ns a poetess she Is read with
keen emotion and delight wherever the
Spanish lnnguage Is understood, and
as a public speaker she Is one of the
leaders of Porto R.'can thought. An
exile from her native island of Porto
Rico, and n refugee from Cubn. whence
she fled from the wrath of Weyler
with her husband, also an exile, some
time before the butcher was recalled,
she Is living now In New York city,
with Signor Tlo nnd their daughter,
n graduate In philosophy of the Uni
versity of Havana. The Tlo home Is n
charming center of the Intellectual life
of the Porto Rlcnn colony and affords
nn admirable Illustration of the hos
pitality for which Porto Rico is so fa
mous. There the poetess holds court,
and with her husband, formerly the
editor of those outspoken papers. La
Rnzon and La Patrla, debates before
lier friends upon the future of the Is
land they love so fondly.
Signora Tlo. "the nightingale of the
hills," ns the Porto Rlcans call her.
was born In the Villa de las Lomas.
Ban Yerman, In September, 1851. Her
grandmother had been a writer of dis
tinction and an admirable linguist. Her
father was n doctor of laws, a scholar
nnd an eloquent advocate wlfli prac
tice extending over the whole Island.
Bis exnmple was her Inheritance. She
learned unconsciously from blm to
speak directly and ngreeably and to
write gracefully. He was an autono
mist. though at that time the govern
ment of Porto Rico forbade the use
of that word by any political party on
the Island, saying It was only a syn
onym for Separatist. The daughter
took kindly to her father's Ideas, and
when hardly In her 'teens was an out
and out Separatist. She wrote many
popular sougs and ballads full of the
spirit of freedom. These had a wide
circulation and were the lullatfjs of
many a Porto Rtcau household:
Dr. Nalverde, a political exile from
Sau Domingo, and a frleud of Signor
Rodriguez, Interested himself In the
girl's education, being attracted by her
gift of poesy, and instructed her in the
Spnnlsh clusslcnl style. She was an
apt scholar aud soon composed verse
that attracted attention throughout the
Spnnlsh West Indies aud even In
Spnln. In 1873. the year that saw the
end of slavery in Porto Rico, Lola Rod
riguez, then just 22 year old. made an
Address at the graduation exercises of
the college In Mayaguez. She was the
first woman In the Island to speak pub
licly before an nudlcnce. It was a time
of much political excitement. Porto
Illcans were eager for reform. They
wished Spain to separate the military
and civil departments of the govern
ment They were willing, they said,
to have n captain general, but let him
confine himself to military affnlra ex
clusively nnd let another man bold the
chief civil office. They wished also to
elect their own provincial governors,
lnstend of having them sent over by
Spain, who appointed them not bo
cause of their fitness, but because she
wished them out of the 'way. These
worthy Spanish appointees shed tears
on leaving their beloved Spain, but
swore upon their honor to return again
as soon ns they had stolen enough to
pay their debts. Another thing the na
tive Porto Rlcans wished was freedom
of the press. The captain general's
regulations demanded thnt at least
four hours before any pnper was Is
sued the proof sheets should be sent to
the censor for approval. Ills blue pen
cil was a judgment against which
there was no appeal.
The slgnorfta spoke eloquently,
though guardedly of all these things.
She besought Spuin to glva a mother's
love to her child, far from her, almost
hidden In the bosom of the sea. nnd
she prayed thnt the child should show
herself worthy of such love nnd de
serving of perfect trust. The grace of
the speaker's manner, the beauty of
her language, won all hearts, and the
brave words she spoke wrought her
audience to the highest pitch of enthu
siasm. In a day she had added to her
fame throughout the Island. She was
poetess and prophetess In one. Her
college address was the beginning of
an no tlve propaganda In Porto Rico
that ended only when shs and her hus
band were offered their choice be
tween jail and the wide, wide world.
La Razon and La Patrla were sup
pressed, but the words of the patriot
editor remained In tire minds of the
people. Even a captain general cannot
imprison nn Idea. Nor could the bal-
Inds nnd poems of the sweet singer of
the hills be exiled. The first volume,
"Xles Cantares," appeared In 1870. and
noon was In every book stall In Mexico,
Central America. Bouth America, the
West Indies aud even In Spain. A
second volume appeared In Carncns.
Venezuela. In 1878, followed by "Mis
Poeslas" in 1880, nnd "Ml Ll'bro de
Cubn" In 1802. In Caracas a warm
friendship, sprang up between the Tlos
and Professor Hostos. who was then
at the head of educational affairs In
Venezuela. After two years in Caracus
n new governor general came from
Spain to Porto Itlco and the poetess re
turned to her native Island, where she
and her husband continued the work
they had done so much to promote In
earlier years. In the meantime Sig
nora Tlo' poems-were gaining fame for
the authoress. An Itnllan critic kuown
as Amlcts, was adding to his reputa
tion by translating them. Fasteurath
was calling them to the attentlonof the
Germans and several French critics,
among them Pierre Loth were putting
them Into copy for the Parisian pub
lishers. In Spain Mendez Pelayo, a
member of the academy, a distinguish
ed critic, called a meeting of bw> con
freres, among whom were Peuaranda,
Balayuer, Camplllo nnd Lepolilo Alaz,
who sent n testimonial of congratula
tion to Slgnorn Tlo nnd a diamond
brooch In the symbolic design of a
harp. This Is the proudest of her pos
In ISS7 Porto Itlco was again too
uncomfortable, owing to official per
secutions, nnd the Tios came to New
York, whence they soon went to Cuba.
Then the poetess, who for some
years had been gathering and classify
ing the shells of the Antilles as a rec
reation and diversion from her politi
cal nnd literary work, made the ac
quaintance of several eminent natural
ists, who brought her to the noUce of
their friends in other parts of the
world. She received many contribu
tions from distant lands. One enthus
iastic conchologist In the Philippines,
no less n personage than the captain
general himself, wrote that the Inter
est her exquisite verse had awakened
in him had been augmented Intensely
now that he learned from his esteemed
friend, Carlos de la Torre, that the
queen of verse had rare knowledge of
shells as well as rythm. He begged
her to accept a few specimens from
the Island of the Pacific. With the let
ter came a complete collection of the
shells of the Philippine Islands.
While the Tlos were In Cuba Sig
norlta Tlo entered the University of
Havnna and In due course was grad
uated from that famous seat of learn
ing with the degree of doctor of phil
osophy. Signor Tlo was busy with
his editorial work and the poetess cur
ried on her propaganda against Span
ish oppression. In 185)2 her fourth vol
ume of poems appeared nnd the Span
ish speaking world accorded It a hear
ty welcome. The outbreak of the
revolution gave much encouragement
to the cause for which the Tios had
dedicated their lives, but with the
coming of Weyler they soon suffered
a persecution compared to which their
troubles In Porto Rico were mild In
deed, and they were glad,to escape
with their lives.
Next ure Thnt Kr Prat*.! Eflloicioai
Wherever Tried.
A northern business man living la
the south has found an agreeable curt
for Insomnia. It answered perfectlj
in his case, and no longer needing ii
ns medicine he continues it us food
It is a most agreeable dish of pop
corn. The corn Is popped In the us
ual wire basket, and while hot it is
put In a hot bowl. Scalding milk is
poured over it, and In two minutes It
is soft nnd ready to be sprinkled with
sugar, unless salt and pepper are pre
ferred. The addition of a little vanilla
transforms the juvenile favorite Into
a delicate hasty pudding. To keep
the corn after gathering, put It (on
the cob) In a cool place; If shelled It
loses Its moisture sooner, nnd after a
while will not pop. The place where
other corn Is kept is best to preserve
It in. Pop corn hot served In bowls
of hot milk Is a southern refection at
card parties.—Chicago Times-Herald.
Ingrowing Toe Anil..
This Is a very common and trouble
some affection, and most usually oc
curs by the side of the big toe. The
surrounding soft parts first become
swelled and Inflamed by constant pres
sure against the edge of the nail from
the use of tight shoes. If this Is al
lowed to continue, an ulcer Is formed
tn which the edge of the nail Is imbed
ded. The pain from this. In some In
stances, Is sufficiently severe to pre
vent walking. When this condition Is
arrived at a doctor's treatment becomes
The first object is to remove the
cause, the tight shoe, then proceed to
lessen the Irritation and reduce the
swelling. After soaking in hot wa
ter, the natl should be thinned by
scraping, and, If very painful, a lin
seed poultice will give relief. When
the Irritation has thoroughly subsided,
soft cotton should be pressed between
the flesh and the nail, and then, ir the
skin is not broken. It should be slightly
saturated with tincture of iodine. Re
peat the treatment for several days,
after which the tenderness will disap
Note* of Interest.
Among the queen ants captured In
and around Buluwayo, for which a
prize of half-a-crown Is paid by the
sanitary board, have been some speci
mens measuring four and a half In
ches and as thick as a man's thumb.
The curfew law obtains tn Seoul,
Korea. When the huge bronze bell of
the city proclaims the hour of sunset
and the time for closing the gates,
every man Is obliged to retire to his
home, under pain of flogging.
Germany and Austria have about ISO
cooking schools. A four years' course
is necessary before the student obtains
a diploma. Most of the hotel chefs
have diplomas from these schools.
The time necessary for the conver
sion of a forest tree, or a part of It,
Into a printed paper. In a recent test
made In Germany, was two hours and
twenty-five minutes.
A proposal has been made by a
French chemist to obtain easily as
similable iron tonics from vegetables
by feeding the plants judiciously with
Iron fertilisers.
A Reason For Her Hope.
First Fair American: "t do hope
the Government will hold on to the
Second Ditto: "Why? In what
way are you specially Interested In the
"George says that If they are still
In our possession next spring, we'll go
1 there on our wedding trip."
Important Notice 1
; ; The only genuine "Baker's Chocolate," ;
i celebrated for more than a century as a de- ! ;
' ' licious, nutritious, and flesh-forming bever- < >
j age, is put up in Blue Wrappers and Yel- ;
'' S ' ow Labels. Be sure that the Yellow I I
' ' A' IiHI Label and our Trade-Mark are on every < j
!> ft U WALTER BAKER & CO. Ltd., Dorchester, Mass.;;
| | THADt-MAHK. _J •
Cigars, Tobacco, Candies, Fruits and Uuts
Henry Maillard's Fine Candies. Fresh Every Week.
IPzEjtsJ'iT'x Goods .a. Specialty,
F. F. Adams & Co's Fine Cut Chewing Tobacco
Sole agents tor the following brands of Cigars •
Henry Glay, Londres, Normal, Indian Frincess, Samson, Silver Ash
Bloomsburg Pa.
or ©IX, CLOTH,
2nd Door above Oonrt HOUB6.
A large lot of Window Curtains in stock.
The Body Petri dud
A strange story comes from Haz
leton to the effect that the remains of
the well-known Joseph Keller, one ot
the most prominent singers in Eastern
Pennsylvania, who died some seven
years ago and was interred in Laurel
Hill cemetery, are still in a perfect
state of preservation and turning into
stone. It was while re-interring the
remains to make room for a monu
ment dedicated to the memory of the
late John Arnold that the discovery
was made. The casket was found to
weigh over a thousand pounds, re
quiring the combined efforts of six
men to move it. Upon opening the
casket it was discovered, much to the
surprise of those in charge of the work
that the body was of a deep stone
color and undergoing a complete state
of petrification.
The face was full and the features
well preserved and easily recognized,
the only unnatural feature being the
change of color due to the transforma
tion. The face and hands were as
hard as stone.
The above is going the rounds of
the papers again, this time with the
stony corpse located in Laurel Hill.
How we do love that good old story!
We have heard it for many years, but
we never saw a petrified corpse, nor
we never saw any one who said he had
seen one; in fact we never saw a man
who said that he-had seen a man who
said somebody had told him that lie
had seen a petrified body. The only
stone man that ever existed was the
Cardiff Giant, on exhibition in this
country some years ago, and the stuff
ing was knocked out of that by posi
tive proof that the petrified figure was
a genuine fake.
strong men and healthy women, and
health and strength depend upon
pure, rich blood, which is given by
Hood's Sarsaparilla. A nation which
takes millions of bottles of Hood's
Sarsaparilla every year is laying the
foundation for health, the wisdom of
which will surely show itself in years
to come.
HOOD'S PILLS are prompt, effic
ient, always reliable, easj to take,
easy to operate. - 25 c.
The use of the power of the War
Department to prevent a parade of
troops in New York City, which Gen
eral Miles was for some reason anx
ious to have take place, and which he
had positively said would take place,
was in itself an insignificant matter,
but it shows the bad feeling existing
between Miles and the Department,
and the intention of the Department
to humble Miles whenever possible to
do so.
" Nell—" Yes, I got a lot of dresses
and jewelry through without trouble."
Belle—" You don't mean it ?" •' Yes;
you see the customs inspector was
sweet on me and I promised to marry
him." " Ah, it was a question of love
or duty."
Bean the J? The Kind You Have Always Buugfi
The hurricane that passed over the
British West Indies on Sunday Sept.
nth, was undoubtedly the worst visi
tation of the kind experienced by the
West Indies during the century, both
in violence aud extent. The hurri
cane swept along the island chain,
from Barbadoes westward to St. Vin
cent and thence northwest to St.
Kitts, where it was last heard from.
Barbadoes suffered mostly from the
rain, which destroyed the crops and
roads, as it did at St. Lucia and other
islands, while the center of the storm
swept St. Vincent and Guadaloupe,
Details received from St. Vincent
show that an unparallelled destruction
of life and property has taken place
there. Out of a population of 41,000
three hundred were killed and 20,000
were injured and rendered homeless.
Besides this, owing to the complete
destruction of the provisions, they are
all starving. The island has been
absolutely gutted by the wind and
floods from the mountains, in addi
tion to the waves along the coast.
There has been great loss to ship-*
ping along the track of the cyclone.
of this kir.d is the meanest of decep
tions. Our plan is to give everyone
a chance to try the merit of Ely's
Cream Balm—the original balm for
the cure of catarrh, hay fever and
cold in the head, by mailing for 10
cents a trial size to test its curative
powers. We mail the 50-cent size
also and the druggist keeps it. Test
it and you are sure to continue the
treatment. Relief is immediate atid
a cure follows. Ely Brothers, 56
Warren street, New York.
We have received the latest sample
book of society address cards and are
prepared to supply cards with beauti
ful designs and in great variety to
Masons ot all degrees, Odd Fellows,
Knights of Malta, Knights of the Gol
den Eagle, Junior O. U. A. M.,
G. A. R., Union Veteran League,
Sons of Veterans, Royal Arcanum,
P. O. S. of A. Also cards for Fire
men, Christian Endeavors and many
other organizations. Call and see
samples. tf.
Agnew's Cure for the Heart. After
years of pain and agony with distress
ing heart disease, it gives relief in 30
minutes. Thos. Petry, of Aylmer,
Que., writes : " I had suffered for five
years with a severe form of heart dts- •
ease. I was unable to attend to bus
iness. The slightest exertion pro
duced fatigue. Dr. Agnew's Cure
for the Heart gave me instant relief
four bottles entirely cured me." ir
Sold by C. A. Kleim.
" What have you been doing this
year ?" asked the first chicken.
" Well," said the other, as it proceed
ed to dig up the neighbor's early tur
nip seed, " raising vegetables, princi
Bnn the TllB Kind You Haw Always Bougfk

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