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NEEDS OF OUR NAVY.
CONSTRUCTOR HICHRORN WRITES ON LESSONS OF THE WAR. Oregon aud Brooklyn Are tha Moat Kf fooltvo Types. Foreign Nations Are < Likely to Model Attar Our Ilest Battle ' Ships and Crulaura. ! The war has taught us what some of us has already held, that the torpedo boat Is not the formidable engine of war which It has been credited with being. The naval battles of tbe future, as of the past, will be fought by the ntort powerful engines of naval war fare that can be constructed. The bulile-ablp, in spite of its great cost, Mill continue to occupy the prominent place. The torpedo boat will have Its nses. but they will not be the Import ant uses of a naval engagement Dur ing the war Just closed the torpedo boat was practically of no use ut all. Just before the outbreak of "hostilities there was a great scare on account of ibe flotilla of torpedo-boats and tor pedo-boat destroyers which was said to be on Its way across the Atlantic from the Cape Verde Islands. When the war actually came, we heard noth ing wore about them until they were destroyed. In fact torpedo-boats were not used by either combatant, except occasionally for dispatch boats, n duty to which other craft might be more advantageously assigned. The Wins low, It Is true, was sent Into the har bor of Cardenas to reconnolter, but this was gunboat service aud not the work for which a torpedo-boat Is In tended. As for the Spanish boats, there was really nothing to fear from them Bigsbee made quick work of the Ter ror off San Juan, although the St. Paul which he commanded, was exactly the kind of a vessel, unnrmored, and pre senting a full side, that torpedoes might be expected to Inflict damage on. The Furor and the Pluton were amoug the very best and the most modern of the destroyer class, and yet the Gloucester, which Is merely a con verted yacht, defeated them both. The war has taught us to rely on our great battle-ships and cruisers with absolute coulldence. Hitherto the question has been open to fair dis cussion In the absence of any practical illustration of their work in actual warfare. But now we know what they can do. The two vessels which, as shlps-of war, have given the best - account of Iheuisolves, without regard to the man nor In which they were handled, al though that, of course, was übove crit icism with all our ships, are the Ore gon nud Brooklyn, and these are types of vessels which are likely to become uiore snd more lu vogue, not only in the American navy, hut In the navies of foreign powers. The Brooklyn, for Instance, with only four Inches of ar mor on her sides, was far more than a match for the Vlscaya, with a twelve-Inch armor licit. This type of vessel combines speed with efficiency to a most desirable degree. As for the Oregon, she combines great strength of urmanient with n reasonable amount of speed and coal carrying capacity In a proportion which seems to be eminently desira ble. Battle-ships will be built more and more on the Oregon plan, with greater speed If possible, without In terference with their' effectiveness as fighting machines. The navy will have to be supplied with vessels particularly adapted to the work for which, at the beginning of the war, we were compelled to buy all sortß of vessels at all sorts of price*. When the war broke out we were practically without ships suita ble for auxiliary service. We had uo patrol-bouts and hardly any dispatch boats. Bo that steam yachts, tugboats, and oven oceuu liners had to be bought or chartered for the use of the navy. The result was highly gratifying when It Is considered with what Bort of ma tertal we had to deal. But In prepar ing for the possibility of another war. the United States will have to build ships especially adapted for this aux iliary work. Some of the ships which wore bought for thlß emergency can tlvublWsx be made to answer the pur pose permanently very well, but as a rule the auxiliary fleet ought to be constructed from specially prepared plana. l'erhaps the most Important lesson which we have learned Is the necessity of making our fighting ships fireproof. You remember that at Manila and at Santiago the Spanish ships took fire and they suffered as much or more from tills cause as from the Impact of our shells. The war has demonstrated also the value of the rapid-fire guns and the eight-inch guns aB compared with the guns of larger calibre. At Santiago tlie secondary batteries of the Brook lyn and the Oregon are reported to have been more effective than any other portion of their armament. The Manila and Santiago battles also have ahowa that smokeless powder Is an In valuable part of a ship's equipment. It Is rather curious that no good demonstration has been given during the war of the value of the experimen tal craft which the government has been Interested In. The ram Katab dln has had no opportunity to display Its merits and the submarine boat has feeeu Ignored. The Vesuvius, It la true, had a chance at Santiago, but It does not appear that the results were at all decisive as to its surpassing value in ■aval operations. PHILIP HICHBORN, U. a N. "Remember," said the good man, | "that there are sermons In atones." "Not lu those that you run against with your bike," retorted the cynic, and the argument was, neooaearlly, at aa emi-.-Obk.hgo Be we. J OUR NEWEST CITIZEN9L —% Education u Applied to Cuban* and Porto Illcaoa. Willi Porto Rico and Ouba undei the protection of the United States the colored populations of those Is lands will derive benefits and/recelvi rights which unjustly wore withheld from them by the Spaniards. The ne gro of Cuba, In particular, Is a sndlj demoralized creature, worse lti habits and surroundings than was the Afro American before generous-hearted Lin coln taught the slnve holders a lessor In history. The average negro of Port Rico and Cuba knows little or noth ing. He la obliged to work hard on the sugar, coffee and tobacco planta tions and in the rice fields, bat 1m knows nothing of the higher class ol Industries, because nobody bas taught him. He does not fear Cod, becauss nobody has shown him the wlsdoai of doing so. There is nothing absolute!} new In stating these facts, but there Is something new In saying that a num ber of Influential Americans have de termined to lift the negro of both Is lands from his lowly surroundings by teaching him not only the value ol learning a trade scientifically, but also the necessity for acquiring sowt knowledge of the Christian world. At the head of this benevolent corps Is William H. Baldwin, Jr., the presi dent of the Long Island Railroad. Mr. Baldwin for several years has been Interested In the good work of the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial In stitute of Tuskegee, Ala. This Insti tution is devoted exclusively to She advancement of the colored people ol both sexes and has done much to make the negro of the South and West In dependent of others and the creator of his own finances. The TuBkegee Institute being recog nized as the most successful of Its kind In the world. It has been sug gested that when the United States Anally takes hold of Porto Klco and Cuba some provision be made for the Immediate education of the negroes of both Islands. Those who have given the subject deep thought, and Mr, Baldwin Is one of these, think that If the government Import from both Is lands a certain number of colored peo ple of each sex, particular attention, of course, being paid to the more ad vanced kind, and give them, at the government's expense, the benefit of tho various branches of learning at Tuskegee, they will be able, when finally graduated from that Institu tion. to go back to the Islands and In struct their less favored brethren In the trades and Industries theyi have learned. NEED OF GOOD ROADS ► Uncle Sam Him K-.111 Much to Aeoemplllk Alonr This Linn. Although much has been done to Improve the condition of the roads on this side of the Atlantic, there Is sUII a great deal to be desired. Tlila la made especially manifest when the roads here are compared with the highways In nearly all the European countries. Were the government of the United States to expend millions every year It would still be g long while before Uncle Sam could rank his roods in the sh:|o class with thous of John Bull. In addition to ad vantages generally recognized a* in separable from good highways, meth ods of communication would be cheap ened and bicycles become an ordinary means of conveyance In the country as well aa city. Machines driven by electricity would gradually come to supersede the horse. This would re quire more elevating manual labor la the manufacture of all the machinery needed to replace the horse, lu Eng land, France and Germany the roads already admit of the use of electrical vehicles, which are becoming more and more popular each year. In some parts of Germany It Is said that farm produce Is now being transported on electric wagons. The use of electric ity as a motive power Is as yet bat Imperfectly understood and the con struction of horseless carriages Is still In Its merest Infancy. Great develop ments may confidently be expected here In this line, but American Inge nuity will be hampered until highways are constructed over which It will be feasible for such vehicles to travel. Kinpty Talk. Hlgglns Hall—Have you heard that empty box story? Rustic Bridge—No. Hlgglns Hnll—lt's Just as well you haven't; there's nothing In It—Chau tauqua Assembly Herald. NOT MrR FRIEND. * """"■ "He I met Mr*. Sneerwell. Friend o' y'onre. ian't abet She told me peoplt at the hotel think yon and I are broth* and ei*tr. She—N—no; ■be'a no friend of mlqfr -Piok-Me-Vjk l THE COLUMBIAN, BLOOMSBURG, PA. The Greatest Straddler Tet. j Mr. Swallow's Republican organs , uic advising tiiul he be supported be j cause he is a good Republican, a i believer in high tariff and sound money. Mr. Swallow's Populist organs are urging that he is the right man for Governor, because he is a good free silverite and greenbacker, and has been nominated by the Peoples party. Mr. Swallow's Prohibitionist organs contend that there is no issue betore the people of any serious consequence other than the liquor issue, that liquor is the cause of all our political and governmental travail and that Mr. Swallow should be chosen the State's Chief Executive, because he has for years been obligated to use the func tions of any office he could reach to aid in suppressing the sale of liquor. He has no Democratic organs. The State has seen political strad dlers before, but never another cap able of riding so many steeds and go ing at the same time in so many dif ferent directions. This Republican-Populist-Prohibi tionist candidate must at times find it exceedingly difficult to decide just where he is and what he is at. It is well enough for a candidate for Judge to be at the same time the nominee, of several parties. His be ing fo may, in fact, insure the election of a Judge who, on the bench would know neither party as such. But a candidate for a legislative or executive dlfice, nominated in turn by the rep resentatives of widely diverse princi ples ond policies, in being faithful to one, must ignore or sacrifice the others. Only the most inconsiderate ambition and reckless disregard of the proprie ties and responsibilities of official life could prompt a man to accept such nominations. Looking to 1900- The Republican Machine is striving hard to keep all Republicans in line for the Machine ticket, headed by Mr. Stone. They urge that unless Stone is elccte J the country will go Democratic in 1900, and point to the fact that each time Pennsylvania has elected a Democratic Governor a Democratic President followed two years later. If the fate of the Republican party, as a national party in 1900, hangs on as slender a thread as the result in this state this fall, then its principles can have but a feeble hold on the sympa thies of the people, and it ought to go down in 1900 as well as this year. If Pennsylvania must continue the prey of plunderers in order that the nation may go Republican two years hence, things are in a sorry plight. And, by the way, if our Republican friends are correct —if it be indeed a truth, that if Pennsylvania goes Demo cratic this year, the country will go Democratic in 1900, that fact of itself ought to be a sufficient inducement to every Democrat to come to the polls and vote the straight Democratic ticket. Our opponents blunder. In seeking to help themselves they are helping us. In striving to keep Republicans straight they are furnishing the amplest reasons why Democrats should remain straight. What One Bid Another Can Do. What the Democratic Reform Gov ernor, Robert E. Pattison, did for the State, the Democratic Reform Gov ernor, George A. Jenks, will do, if elected. Pattison saved the State millions in money, and his mere pre sence was a complete checkmate of a myriad of Machine formulated steals. When Pattison was last Governor, 1891-94, the revenues of the State were very large, much larger than ever before. The total for the four years was nearly $50,000,000. The State got, to swell them, $1,684,711 from the United, States, a return of the direct taxes paid by the State during the war, and close to a million of dollars from the sureties of Bard sley, the defaulting Philadelphia City Treasurer. Had a Machine Governor been in office, this money would have been stolen or squandered. The schemes were fully mapped out, but they were withheld from fear of the veto of Pattison, to be put through in 1895 or 1897. Instead, they were used to increase the school appropriation, for the first time, to the $5,000,000 annual figure, to redeem nearly a million and a half of the State's bonds, and to leave a real surplus of nearly $4,000,000, which the Hastings-Quay administra tion has, in four years, changed into a $2,000,000 deficit. What do the Ohildren Drink 1 Don't give them tea or coffee. Have you tried the new food drink called- Grain O ? It is delicious and nourish ing and takes the place of coffee. The more Grain O you give the children the more health you distribute through their systems. Grain-0 is made of pure grains, and when properly pre pared tastes like the choice grades of coffee but costs about £ the price. All grocers sell it. 15c and 25c. 10 ra-4td VOTE FOR' POLK FOR CONGRESS. Answers by Candidates. ' The undereitrned committee report*: as having received the following, in answer to the questions submitted : TO THE CANDIDATES FOR CONGRESS. 1. Will you favor a graduated in come tax ? 2. Will you favor a law establishing Postoffice Savings Banks ? 3. Do you favor such laws as will ultimately lead to tree mail delivery in the rural districts ? 4. Do you favor the election of United States Senators by popular vote ? 5. Are you in favor of granting additional powers to the Inter-State Commerce Commission so as to make it more effective ? 6. Will you favor reserving the public domain for future settlement ? 7. Will yon favor riore stringent measures to abolish trusts ? 8. Do you favor laws tor settling disputes between labor and capital by arbitration ? Rutus K. Polk, Democrat, answers ; " I have carefully studied the en closed questions submitted to the candidates for Congress, sent me by your committee. I believe them to be for the best interests of the peo ple, and would therefore pledge my self that, if elected to Congress, I will vote and use my influence to bring about the reforms asked for, and help to make more effective the laws looking toward this end, which are now on the statute books." Wm. H.Woodm, Republican.makes no reply. J. M. Caldwell, Prohibition, an swers: "To each of eight ' Interro gations to the candidates for Congress,' I answer yes." CANDIDATES FOR STATE SENATOR. J. Henry Cochran, Democrat, says : 44 I am very glad to be able to say in reply that I can cheerfully answer 4 yes' to all your questions and if you will notice my record during the last two sessions of the Legislature you will find that I always voted in accordance wifh the views that you promulgate." N. H. Culver, Republican, replies : 41 In answer to question i, I am cer tainly in favor of the equalization of taxation. In answer to question 2, I will certainly be in favor of the en forcement of any law pioviding for pure food. In regard to question 3, 1 will favor the enactment of a law pro tecting the dairy interests. In answer to question 4, relating to school ap propriation, 44 Do you approve of the act passed July 15, 1897 ?" Prior to this act, I understand the situation of the State appropriation was based upon the taxables in each district, but the act above referred to, bases the Stale appropriation one-third of the number of paid teachers, one third of the number of children of school age, and one-third of the num ber of taxables. Should I be elected I would be willing to support a law that would be satisfactory to the people of this dis trict. Regarding question 5, I am decidedly in favor of the reduction of expenses and the abolishment of need less offices and officials." W. B. Cummmgs, Prohibition, re plies: >4 Answering interrogations to Candidates for the Legislature, as the Prohibition Candidate for Senate I have to answer "yes" to question 1, a, 3, 4 and s-" TO THE CANDIDATES FOR LEGISLATURE. 1. Will yon favor the Equalization of taxation ? 2. Will you favor the enactment of pure food laws and the enforcement I of those already enacted ? 3. Since the present oleomargarine laws have been seriously crippled by decisions of the Courts, will you favor the enactment of a law protecting our dairy interests against the encroach ments of counterfeit butter ? | 4. Will you help maintain the pres ent school appropriation, and the law now in force for its distribution. 5. Will you favor the reduction of expenses and the abolishing of need less offices and officials ? William T. Creasy, Democrat, re plies: "To the question addressed to me by your honorable committee, I answer emphatically yes. My past record in the Legislature and as a member of the ways and means com mittee will bear me out in their an swer." William Chrisman, Democrat, ans wers: To question 1, "Yes and al ways 1 ks in favor of it." To question 2, "Certainly I will and I am also in favor of raising the pen alty for iho violation of the same." To question 3, "Yes." To question 4, "My work in the last session shows that I was in favor of maintaining the present school appro priation and bein& a member of the educational committee in the House I helped report and pass the! present bill for its distribution by which Columbia county receives an annual increase ot nearly six thousand dollars." To question 5, "Yes." H. A. McKillip, Republican, replies: To question 1, "As all the interests in the commonwealth expect and are en titled to protection from the State, they should all bear their proportion Troubles of a Pastor's Wife This woman was peculiarly afflicted; physicians could do nothing to relieve her, yet she was cured in a simple way. She now sends a message to suffering humanity which should be helpful. Probably no other woman ever (uttered Just as Mrs. Adams did, the wile of Rev. A. R. Adams, pastor oi the Christian church at Blatxunsvilfe, 18. Physicians were battled by her ailment, and for years she was compelled to live a life of torture. To-day she is well and the story of her suffering and recovery will touch a respon sive cord in the heart of every woman. 44 About six years ago," said Mtts. Adams, my health began to fail. The first trouble I noticed was with my stomach j food did not acres with ma, and my appetite failed until I could scarcely eat. " I would begin to bloat before I was through with a meal, and the food felt like a stone in my stomach. "After eating I would have pains in my stomach with a smothered feeling which would finally extend into my throat and chest accompanied by a choking sensation. "I began to bloat all over and my hands and feet commenced swelling until I thought 1 had dropsy. "In a short time I had pain and soreness in my left side which extended across my back accompanied by dizziness, and then followed severs paroxysms of pain extend ing from the lower part o! my stomach into the region of my heart. " During these spells a hard ridge as large as my arm would appaar in the left side of my stomach and around the left side. 1 had a feeling of heaviness in my head and at times could scarcely hold it up or keep my eyes open, yet when night came I could not slsep. When you want to look on the bright side of things, use SAPOLIO of the burdeq imposed by tbe State in the shape of taxation." To question 2, 44 Yes." To question 3, 44 Yes." To question 4, 44 Yes. One of the most important duties of a State is the maintenance of the school system." To question 5, 44 Yes." Ambrose D. Goldsworthy, Repub lican, replies: 44 1n answer to the questions submitted I have no hesi tancy in giving to each and every question an emphatic affirmative. John Eves, Prohibition, answers: 44 To the five questions submitted to Legislative candidates, I can reply in the affirmative, I heartily approve them." J. Harry Eisenhower, Prohibition, answers: "To question 1, 44 1 always have, do now, and will, favor equal ization of taxation." To question 2, 44 1 have, do now, and will." To question 3, 44 1 have, do now, and will." To question 4, 44 1 will help to maintain, and will go further, will try to make its distribution more effective and certain." To question 5, 44 1 have always op posed the multiplication of needless offices and officials." H. H. BROWN, WM. J. BIDLEMAN, B. F. BATTIN, Legislative Committee of Pomona Grange No. 5. WM. J. BIDLEMAN, Secretary. October 17, 1898. VOTE FOR* LITTLE FOR JUDGE. Federal Patronage Sold by the Quay Maohine- You can use the Federal patronage for what it is worth. Your district being Democratic, all patronage under a Republican administration would be controlled by the United States Sen ators. M. S. QUAY t<) HON. D. R. HORNK, Allentown, Pa. VOTE FOR ~~JENKS FOR GOVERNOR. ADMINISTRATOR'S NOTICE. Kstale of John A. Punston, deceasetL I Sotlce Is hereby given that letters of admtnts tratiun, with the will annexed, on the estate of John A. Punston, late of the town of Blooms burg, Columbia county, Pa., deceased, hate been granted to Charles H". Punston, resident of said town, to whom all persons indebted to said estate are requested to make payment, and those having claims or demands will make known the same without delay. CUARLBB W. PUNSTON, C. t. a., 10-20-61. Administrator. AUDITOR S NOTICE. Relate of J. M. C. Ranck, deceased. The undersigned auditor appointed by the Or phans' Court of Columbia County to pass upon the flrst and partial account of Charles W. Dow son, executor of the last will and testament of J. M. C. Kanolc, late of Scott townshlpdeceased, and report thereupon, will sit at his office, Room No. 4, Lockard Building, Uloomaburg, Fa. on Friday, October SBlh, at ten o'clock a. m. to perform the duties of his appointment, when and whoso all persons Interested must attend. W.H. Maoii.t, 10-6-tt. r Auditor. yOTE FOR H. A. M'KILLIP —FOR — State Legislature. / adrt—-W-te "I also suffered intensely from femail trouble. 44 I doctored with tea different physidnn% but w-s not benefited. No two of the doc tort diagnoecd my case the same. 44 One day mv husband noticed an article regarding Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Me People in the newspaper, and induced aw to try the pills. " I began taking therm but experienced no relief until I had used the sixth box. I continued taking them "d after udag eleven boxes was greatly benefited. 44 1 was also troubled with nervous new. tration and numbness of my right hand sad arm. My hand hurt so at times, tinging and burning, that 1 could hardly endum the pain, but that has all passed away. 44 1 now know what ft means to eat a goad meal without suffering afterwards, and ea joy a good night's rest "I am again able to do my work, and have done more this summer than in all the last four years put together. "I feel safe in saying that it is all due In Dr. Williams' Pink PUIs for Pale Peopi* and consider it my duty to let people know what these pills have done for me, as It may be the means of relief for others win are suffering." Diseases strange to physicians j symp tom* that dsfied diagnosis, have succumbed to ths potent influence of Dr. WtlHamd Pink Pills for Pale People. DrugvMi everywhere consider them to be one of the moet valuable remedial agents known In science. W. H. Moore's. School Shoos —FOR— Sunshine or Storm. o School Shoes must be made specially strong to stand the hard service required of them. My Bchool Shoes have been carefully selected to stand the hard service. V Cash buying gives me the best made and enables me to sell them at right prices. Don't fail to see them before buying. o COS. SECOND AND IRON STS. Bloomsburg, Pa, ORPHANS' COURT SALE -OF VALUABLE— REAL ESTATE. In pursuance of an order. Issued out of OB Orphans' Court of Columbia oouuty, tbe under, signed, executor of Ellas McHeory, late of the Borough of Benton, Columbia county, l a., de ceased, will expose to p übllc sale, on the prem ises, on 1 FRIDAY, NOVEMBER N, 1898, st two o'clock p. in., all that certain lot of land, situate In the Borough of Benton, Columbia county, Pa., and bounded and described as fol lows, to wit: Beginning at the northwest cor ner of lot No. 86, on tbe east Bide of Main street, thence along said street north twenty-eight and one-fourth degrees east three rods to a comer at an alley: thence by Bald alley south stxty one and three-fourths degrees east, thtrteea and four-tenths rods to a corner at an autre thence by said alley south twenty-eight, aim one-fourth degrees, west three rods to a comer of lot No. 85; thence by said lot north sixty one and three-fourths degrees, west thlrtem and four-tenths rods to tbe place ot beginning, containing 40 SQUARE PERCHES OF LAND strict measure, being lot No. 86 in the plan or draft of tbe north part of Bonton, laid out by Klcbard stiles, on which are erected a two story DWELLING HOUSE, bam an<| outbuildings. Tutus or SALS:— Ten per cent, of one-fourOi of the purchase money to be paid at the strik ing down of the property; tbe one-rourth lean the ten per cent, at the condrmatlon ot tkn sale, ana the remaining three-fourths In ona year thercalter.wlth Interest from condrmatloo nisi. 10-8014 M. T. McHENKY, A. L. FBITI, Atty. EXBGUTOB. AUDITOR'S NOTICE. Estate ot Mathias Kindt, dec'd. The undersigned Auditor, appointed by the Orphans' Court of Columbia county, Pa., to make distribution of funds In hands of admin istrator, as Bhown by blB second and partial ao couny and to dispose ot exceptions died thereto, will sit to perform ithe duties of said appoint ment, at his odlce. In Bloomsburg, Pa ,on Sat urday, November 18th, 1898. at 10 o'clock a. m., when and where all parties Interested shall at tend, or be forever debarred from any share of said fund. WM. U. SNYDER, Oct. 8\ 1898. Auditor. STEADY INCOME SSSTSH; •as per week. Either sex. Ml start yo In the Mall Order Business, day or evening. No peddling. J*. YOUNG, 3*6 Henry St... KM'Mtd Braok'.yn, N . 7