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|j)te ESTABLISHED 1866. ffolumfcia gfmorrat, ESTABLISHED 1887. CONSOLIDATED 1869. PUBLISHED Ei'EKY THURSDAY MOKNINO fllaomstmrg. the County seat ot Columbia County, I'ennsylvanla. GEO. B. ELWELL EDITOR. D. J. TASKEK, LOCAL EDITOR. GEO. C. KOAN, FOREMAN. vaßMS:—lnside the county si.ooayearln ad vance; $1.50 It not paid In advance Outside the county, $1.85 a year, strictly In advance. All communications should be addressed to THE COLUMBIAN. Blooinsburg, Pa. THURSDAY, DECEMBER I, IS9B. TEAOHERB' SALARIES. Mens' Pay Higher Than That of Women, and Both too Small. The salaries oi teachers in com mon schools of the State have been discussed time and again in news papers, at institutes, and among teachers generally, the points dis cussed being that the salaries are too low in many places, and nearly everywhere the men receive higher pay for the same work than women get. It seems evident that a woman who does the same work as a man, and does it just as well, ought to have as much compensation for her services. There is less inequality in salaries in Columbia County than in many other counties. In most of the dis tricts the pay is the same, and ranges from twenty to thirty-five dollars a month. Twenty dollars is not enough pay for any teacher. By the time board is paid and other necessary expenses, there is nothing left. Good teachers can seldom be obtained at that price, and the schools languish and parents com plain that their children are not progressing. Schools are like every thing else. If you want good ones you must pay the price. The matter of teachers' salaries is being discussed in Philadelphia just now. The Times of recent date contained the following article: Situated scarcely a block apart, at Thirteenth and Spring Garden streets and at Broad and Green, stand Philadelphia's two great train ing schools of pedagogy for girls and boys respectively. The curri culum in both schools is substanti ally the same, the requirements for graduation equally severe, but when the newly-fledged pedagogues stand ou the threshold of the world the city bids for the girl's }*early service $470, for the boy's $950. At a sal ary which more than doubles that of his co-worker, the young man slips into a competency, while with the remuneration allowed her the girl can barely make both ends meet. Side by side with the newly elected male exponent of education, labor ers for many years ill the vineyard, conscientious, hard working women receive $620 for the same grade of work entrusted to his inexperience. A woman supervisor receives but SSO more a year for the manage ment and clerical work of an entire building than the boy fresh from training school is paid for assistant teaching. Speaking 011 this subject a prom inent teacher said: "To observe the glamor of the business world and to enlist male recruits in the army of teachers the remuneration of the of fice for men was made attractively high. No such provision was deem ed necessary for women, for until late years teaching has been the only field open to them. In excuse for the obviously unfair distinction, due to the accident of birth, it is al leged that men have families to sup port. Women are not exempt from like encumbrances. Frequently it is to the young woman breadwinner that the mother and younger child ren look for support, while the young man spends upon himself the entire fruit of his toil. Comparisons are always odious. A feeling of dis satisfaction has gradually become prevalent throughout the profession. In the old days of the platform and teachers high chair, when lessons were learned by rote and the course of study required less of both pupil and teacher, the salary paid was in proportion to value given. In these later days, however, since the curri culum of the elementary schools has been amended and amplified, entail ing increased labor, and in view of the fact that the City Treasury con tains high salaries for the men of the profession, the pertinent question of increase for the lower schools has presented itself in educational circles and like Banqbu's ghost it will not down." All the United States soldiers stationed at Honolulu, Hawaii, were royally treated to a Thanks giving dinner. The affair was got ten up without any regard to the cost. Ths expenses were detrayed by funds subscribed by the business houses. There are times when it is nice to be a soldier. THE DEFEAT OF SPAIN Predicted ty Cervera —Ho Protested Against His Country Rushing to Vanquishment. The Navy Department has pub lished, through the office of Naval Intelligence, the " Views of Ad miral Cervera regarding the Span ish navy in the late war." Captain Clover,the Chief Intelligence officer, explains that this is a reprint of a number of letters published in La Epoca, of Madrid, on the sth of the present month. The letters are dated from before the war up to May 5. They were written by Cervera in protest against Spain rushing into war in the face of cer tain defeat, due to the naval strength of the United States and the unprepared ness of the Spanish navy. Cervera writes : " I ask myself if it is right for me to keep silent and thereby make myself an accom plice in an adventure which will surely cause the total ruin of Spain. And for what purpose ? To defend an island which was ours, but be longs to us 110 more ; because even if we should not lose it by right in the war, wp have lost it in fact, and with it all wealth and an enormous number of young men, victims of the climate and bullets in the de fense of what is now no more than a romantic ideal. Furthermore, I believe that this opinion of mine should be known to the Queen and by the whole Counsel of Ministers. I have deemed it my dut3 r to ex press my opinions to the proper au thorities clearly and without beat ing about the bush. Now let or ders be given to me ; I will carry them out with energy and decision; I am ready for the worst." CERVERA PREDICTED DEFEAT. Captain Clover says Spain had neglected her navy, and Cervera shows it was imprudent for her to attempt war against a superior naval power. Taking up some of the vessels in detail in a letter written in January, he showed how the Viscaya carried defective guns; how the Carlos V. was a failure be cause of lack of power, and how the Cataluna- begun more than eight years before, was still incomplete. And then he predicts that a conflict would be disastrous to Spain. In a letter written in February, the admiral speaks of the Colon having 110 guns, of other vessels being defective, of the inability of the fleet to coal at Cadiz, of their being obliged to go out with half rations, and finally their having no charts of the American seas. He says that the eight principal vessels on the Havana station are worn out, and that, taking things as they are, the Spanish naval force compared with that of the United States is in the proportion of 1 to 3. Under such conditions, a campaign, he writes, would he a disastrous if not an offen sive one, and all that could be done in an offensive way would he to make some raids with a few fast vessels. The admiral points to the futility of attempting to blockade the United States ports and asks how the Span ish navy would repair, even should they win a great victory, without resources. He says ; "It would be foolish to deny that what we may reasonably expect is defeat, which may be glorious, but, all the same, defeat which would cause us to lose the Island in the worst possible manner. Only in case we could count 011 some powerful ally could we aspire to obtain a satisfactory result." GLAD THE END WAS AT HAND. The admiral refers to the Spanish Pacific force as not able to afford even a shadow of resistance to the American naval force. Further on, he speaks of the war as at last in sight and laments the incomplete state of the Spanish vessels. But, after all, lie says that he is glad the end is coming and is prepared to do his duty. He is on record as protest ing against the idea of sending the little torpedoboat flotilla to Cuba, HOOD'S Coupon CALENDAR X ,s a p er^ect t> eau - I lrT *i *"1 patriotic, up to date. Subject: 'AN AMERICAN GIRL,' One of the handsomest pieces of color work issued this year. Lithographed, with border of army and navy em blems embossed in gold. Leave your name witn your druggist and ask him to save you a copy or send C cents in stamps for one to C. I. HOOD& CO., Lowell, Mass. [Mention this paper.] Remember Hood's Sarsaparilla is America's Greatest Medicine f-.r the Blood and the Best that Money Can Buy. Hence Take Only Hood's. THE COLUMBIAN, BLOOMSBURG, PA. pointing out that a naval defeat for Spain would precipitate the loss of Cuba. He speaks of the surprise and astonishment experienced by all of the officers of his squadron on receiving orders from Spain to sail from Cape Verde to Cuba, inasmuch as they had united in pointing out the condition of the ship. Says the admiral: "With an easy conscience, I go to the sacrifice, but I cannot understand that decision of the navy general officers against my opinions." The last letter in the series is one from Admiral Villamil, of Cervera's squadron, ad dressed directly toSagasta, pointing out that the sacrifice of the Spanish naval forces will be as certain, as it will be useless and fruitless for the termination of the war. SPAIN ACCEPTS OUR TERMS. After months of arguments, Spain on Monday yielded to the demands of Uncle Sam, and accepted the peace terms contained in the ultima tum. She gives in not because she considers herself in the wrong, but be cause she is entirely without resources to continue the struggle. Spain, no doubt, has been plead ing for sympathy lrom other coun tries in Europe, but no power has at tempted to interfere with the pro ceedings, and she has been obliged, after having exhausted all the re sources of diplomacy, in an attempt to justify her attitude, to give in to the superior power of the victor. Ac cording to the terms accepted by Spain, the United States pays $20,- 000,000 and gets control of the Phil ippines, and one of the Ladrones, and Spain to abandon Cuba. Of course, there will be many other intricate and important problems to be worked out by this Government, and a great deal of intelligence and deep thought will be needed at Wash ington before the matter is entirely settled. But we must be patient; ev erything is progressing with all the rapidity consonant with good judg ment, but matters of this kind are not settled in a day, and it may require considerable time before the trouble is entirely adjusted. DEMOCRATS and THE LEGISLATURE Fusion with Anti-Quay Republi cans for the organization of the com ing Legislature, is being talked of by prominent Democrats. Representative VV. 'l'. Creasy was in Philadelphia on Tuesday,and when asked h s views said that he was in line with Colonel Guf fey in favoring fusion with the Anti- Quay Republicans in organizing the House, and he thought that the inter ests sought could best be served by the combination supporting an Inde pendent Republican for Speaker, as the question was by no means merely one of loaves and fishes for the De mocracy. Mr. Creasy expressed the opinion that the Democratic leaders oi the State should get together and formulate a line of policy as soon as possible. It was also stated that the Anti-Quay Republican leaders, in view of Colonel Guft'ey's attitude and the general Democratic sentiment in favor of fusion, to concede the Demo crats the right to name the Independ ent Republican whom they and the Anti-Quavites would support for the Speakership. In the incoming House of Repre sentatives there will be 74 Democrats and 3 Republicans who were elected on a fusion ticket. To these 77 must be added 26 Republican members opposed to Quay and the Republican State organization to enable the fus lonists to succeed in organizing the body. Hon. William Clirisman was unfortunate enough to be taken seriously ill a week before the election and was thus prevented from lookmg after his interests as a candidate for the Legislature. Notwithstanding this he was elected by a good majority. He has been in the house ever since but we are glad to state that he is improving, and hopes soon to be out again to attend to his extensive law practice, and be ready to go to Harris burg next January. His office has been in charge of Clem Weiss, Esq., during his illness. EXECUTORS' SALE —OF VALUABLK REAL ESTATE Tlie undersigned, executors of the estate of John Zatior, late of Fishlngcreek township, de ceased, will expose to sale, on the premises, on TUESDAY, DEC. 27, 189?, At ten o'clock a. m. Late the homestead property of the late John Zaner, deceased, located at Zaner's station, on the 11. & s. it. it., bounded and described us fol lows, viz: LOT NO. I.—Beginning at a stake, corner In line of land of Daniel Whltenlght, and In east line of H. & 8. It. K ; thence north seventy and one-half degrcos east ninety-one and eight tenths porches along land of said Whltenlght to a corner, In line of land of James and Warren Coleman; thence along said Coleman land north forty-seven degrees west fifty-three and six-tenths perches to a white oak; thence along same land and other land of the John Zaner estate, north twenty-throe and one-half degrees west one hundred and seventy-nine perches to a stone corner; thence along same Zaner estate seventeen and one-half degrees cast forty perches to a stone corner, on east Townsend's Star Clothing House. | OVERCOATS AND ULSTERS I i i C/* be AT POPULAR PRICES. 2 = __ §. 5 BLACK AND BLUE KERSEYS, ® $8.50, SIO.OO, $1'2.00. S= ULST ERS AND STORM COATS, n $6.00 to $15.00. w MEN'S STORM REEFERS, - . $3.00 £ | LATEST STYLES = £ AND LOWEST PRICES AT § © ! to E- Townsend's Star Clothing House. P side of n. AS. If. H.; thence along land of Dan iel McHenry north seventy-two and three quarters degrees west seven perches to a stake: thence along land of said McUcnry south thir ty-nine degrees west forty perches to a stake; thence along land of T. 11. Edgar south thirty four degrees west seventy-one and seven tcnths perches to a stake In the creek; tlieneo south thirteen degrees west tweotytwo and slx tcnths perches to a corner stake; thence south one-half degree cast tlfty-nlno perches to an original maple corner, common corner, of land of T. H. Kdgar, Ellis Stoker, and said Zaner es tate; thence along land of Ellis Stoker south forty degrees east eighty perches to a corner; thence south twenty-live degrees east three perches to a corner In public road, near the west end of bridge across the main branch of Flshlngcreek; thence west nfty and three quarters degrees oast twenty-nine and Ave. tenths perch"S to spike In public road, and In line of B. A s. It. K. (right of way); thence north eighty-three and one-half degrees east four perches across said railroad to a stake; thence along the said railroad south six and a quarter degrees east tlfty-stx aud four-tenths perches to the place of beginning, containing 137 ACRES and one hundred and thirty-tour perches, strict measure, also belonging to same tract. . LOT NO. 2.—Beginning at an original and common corner or land of Whltenlght, IVu. Stoker, Ellis Stoker, and said Zaner estate, la'ge butternut witness; thence north twenty-live degrees west along land ot (Ellis Stoker, for ty-six perches to a corner In public road, near west side of bridge, above mentioned In lot No. 1; thence noith rtfty and three-quarters de grees east twenty-nine and live-tenths perches to a spike In said road; thence along B. A s. K- K. south six and a quarter degrees east twenty nine und eight-tenths perches to a corner; thence along lot of said Kullroad Company south flfty-llvo and three-quarters degrees west seven and live-tenths perches to a corner; thence south twenty degrees east twenty-four and nine-tenths perches to a stake, In line of land of Daniel Whltenlght; thence south sev enty and one-half degrees west nine and live tenths perches across Flshlngcreek, to the place of beginning, containing S ACRES and forty-three perches, strict measure, also belonging to same tract. LOT NO. B.—Beginning at a stone corner of the Zaner farm, and land of Jumes and Warren Coleman; thence north sixty-three and three quarters degrees east sixty-three porches to a stone corner; thence along same land north twenty-seven and one-half degrees west one hundred aud seven and live-tenths perches to corner of Holder's land; thence along Holder's land south sixty-three aud three-quarters de grees west twenty-one perches; thence along Taud of Daniel Mcllenry south sixteen and three-quarters degrees west fourteen and rtve-tenths perches to a stono cor ner; thence along land of said Zaner estate south seveuteen and one-half degrees west for ty perches to stone corner; thence along the same south twenty-threo and one-half degrees east sixty-nine and two-tenths perches to the place of beginning, containing 35 ACRES and twenty perches, altogether contalolng 178 AL'ItES and 87 I'EKCIIKS, upon which are erected TWO SETS FRAME BUILDINGS, The same will also be offered In two tracts, if purchasers desire. The laud Is well watered, mostly level. In a bljrh state of cultivation, and lies along tho bank of Fishlngcreek. ALSO, The following tract of land, bounded and de scribed as follows, to wit: Beginning at a stone, formerly black oak, corner of land of Jacob Karns; thence by land of said Jacob Karns north seventeen aud one-half degrees cast one hun dred and sixty-three and five-tenths perches to a stone; thence by land of William Ikeler south seventy-six and one-half degrees east seventy four and nve-tenths perches to a post; thence by land of Kills s. stoker south eighty degrees west one hundred and thirty- sight perches to a post; thence by laud of John and Sylvester Dealer south eighty-three and a quarter de gress west one liundr, d and seven perches to the place ol beginning, containing 79 ACRES and one hundred and six perches, strict meas ure, and also adjoining thereto and part there of, a tract of land, bounded and described as follows, to wtt: On the north and east by land of John Zaner, south and southwest by lands of Geo. I'ealer, and public road, leading irom Fishlngcreek to liohraburg, containing 40 PERCHES, more or less. Altogether containing 79 ACHES and lie perches, the same being vacant. TEKMS OF SALE:—Twenty per cent of the purchase money to 00 paid at the striking down of the property; twenty per cent April 1, 189U, at which time possession will be given, and the balance January Ist following, with In terest from April 1, 1899. WM. UHHISMAN, LLOYD ZAN EK, 19-;-at EXECUTOKS. The F. P. Pursel Store is a Different Store. Tow save money through buying at lowest prices. Scarcely anybody docs, uulcss it is terribly necessary. The tendency is to take advantage of low prices to buy fine things that are thereby brought within reach. Trashy and gewgaw things show their true meanness when you get them in use. We have bought finer things to take their place. We don't sell these goods for less, than they are worth, but we save enough through our better mode of gathering to make prices on the comparable things look wonderfully less. And the oddest feature ot our method is that we sell the many exclusive things as reasonably as we sell the few things that other stores are in competition with. These facts are worth remembering at this time when purchases are often made carelessly. Dress Goods. Our Dress Goods stock is too large. It must be lowered by the first of January. There is only one way to do this, and that is to lower the prices. 56c Dress Goods, neat, pretty mixed, 45c. 35c Dress Goods, plain and mixed, 28c. 85c. Dress Goods, plain and mixed, SSC. Coats and Capes. A crisp air has re-doubled the demand for Coats and Capes. The snappy styles, the unusual gathering of all that's new and good, coupled with the little price, has trebled the interest here. $5.00 Cape we offer this week at §3.98. $7.00 Cape we offer this week at $5.00. $8.50 Coats we offer this week at $7.00. Children's Shoes. We carry Bay State Shoes in children and miss, and we can safely say that there is no make of Shoes that will give you as much wear. Special offer this week: Miss Shoes, 11 to 2, worth Si.so, at 5i.25. Boys' Shoes, 11 to 2, worth F. P. Pursel. SPECIAL SALE! Now is the time to get bargains. During the next 30 days we will give you many goods at and below cost. Wool Dress Goods that was 25c, now 15c. Dress Goods, from 50c. to 30. Do not miss these special sales. We have just received new sup ply of pretty Coats, Qipes and Fur Collarettes for ladies. Fur sets for children. Ladies' Tailor-Made Suits, from $5.00 up. Ladies' Coats, Capes, Separate Skirts. Coats for misses and children. In this line our stock is large. Prices low. Ladies' Fur Collarettes, from $2.00 up. Our sales in Shoes increases daily. Ladies' Fine Shoes, from 79c. up. Gents' Fine Shoes, from 98c. up. Good Calicoes, 3c. Good Muslin, Our stock of Underwear is complete. We handle the celebrated Leather brand Stockings for ladies, misses and boys. Corsets, for 24c. up. Our Grocery Department is improving daily—adding new goods at better prices. Our whole stock is complete and prices always right. It will pay you to see our goods before you buy. Blcomsburg Store Co., Limited. Corner Main and Centre Sts. ALFRED McHENRY, M'G'R si.4°. at $1.25. Ladies' Spring Heel, light calf, 3 to 6, at $1.65. Furniture. Manufacturer needed the money. A chance for us and for you. So fine an assortment of tasteful designs in Bed Room Suits at so low a price is new to this town. Consider yourself fortunate to be asked to share in the saving. These prices can't stay long: 3 piece sets, $1495 16.00, 17.50, 21.50, 27.50 and 32.50. Fine Golden Oak Table, high ly polished, nice size for in your parlor, $2.65. Oak Extension Tables, $3.50, 5.00, 6.50 to 10.00. Mattress and Springs at lower prices than you can get them anywhere and the best makes we can buy. Glove Sale. A bargain—a real selling un der value. That's the story concerning Gloves to day. The maker is the man who loses, but his loss helps him to quick adjustment of his business. Here's the Gloves: SI.OO quality of Kid Gloves, at 75c. 50c. quality of Cashmere Gloves, 25c. 25c. quality of Cashmere Gloves, 15c.