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CAMERON COUNTY PRESS. H. H. MULLIN, Editor. rtiblislied Every Thursday. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. Per year *2 00 It paid iu advance 1 50 ADVERTISING RATES: Advertisements are ppblished at the rate of one dollar per squiirc for one insertion aftd fifty fctms per squarotor each subscquentinsertion. Rates by the.year, or for six or three months, jkre low and uniform, unci will be furnished on (application. Legul and Official Advertising per square, three.times or less. »2. each subsequent inser tion to cents,per square. Local notice* to cents per line for one inser ■ertlon: 6 cents per line for each subsequent •on»ecutive Insertion. Obituary notices over five lines. 10 cents per line. Simple announcements of births, mar risges and deaths will l>e inserted free. Business cards, five lines or less, 45 per year; over live lines, at the regular rales of adver tising. No local Inserted for less than 75 cents per Issue. JOB PRINTING. The Job department of the PHESS Is complete and afTords facilities for doint; the best class of work. P_AHTICLI.AU ATTENTION PAID TO I>AW PRINTING. No paper will be discontinued until arrenr- Kes are paid, except at the option of tho pub bar. Papers sent out of the county must be paid Cor in advance. Be Careful of Your Eyes. Rest is essential in the treatment of diseased or overworked eyes—rest of ■eyes, rest of body and mind. Avoid also wind, dust and smoke. Personal habits enter into the question of the causation of eye disease, and their regulation becomes, therefore, a pprl «112 the hygienic treatment. Diet is im portant, chiefly through its effects upon indigestion and general health, which frequently have much to do with the condition of the eye. Th<s first offense against the eyes Is read ing with a poor light. This requires the ciliary muscle to do extra work to sharpen sight. It applies to dim lights, twilight, and sitting too far from the light. The second offense, says the New York Weekly, is one of posture. Stooping or lying down con gests the eye, besides requiring un natural work of the eye muscles. Reading in railroad trains is a third offense, the motion causing such fre quent changes of focus and position as lo tax the muscles of accommodation as well as the muscles of fixation. Reading without needed glasses, or with badly fitted ones, is the last im prudence. Eye-strain is certainly a factor in producing disease of every part of the eye. Old age is the time of retribution for those who have sinned against their eyes. Young folk, take good care of your eyes, and when you are old you will reap a rich re ward by retaining good eyesight till late in life. A vote of thanks Is due the Wiscon sin professor who says that our old friend the tired feeling which comos in the spring is not an acquired virtue but is the result of heredity. If it has been handed down to us from our forefathers, who acquired it through much patient endeavor, anyone can see that we are not to blame. Still, we think more of our ancestors be cause of this discovery. Evidently they were human, remarks the Chicago Daily News, and not mere stern, busy automatons, as we have been taught to believe, who never relaxed but were busy chasing work throughout the livelong day and part of both ends of the night. Besides, we can the more readily resign ourselves to the pleasure of being lazy in the spring when we know that we couldn't helj it if we tried. The treasurer of the Association for Improving the Condition of the Poor of New York recently received two dollars from two small girls, with a note saying that the authors had saved the money "from slang words." Every time they used a bit of slang they fined themselves, and every time they heard others use any they re quested a forfeit or a contribution. This plan would make some young people realize that silence is indeed golden. Several Vassar college girls are act ing as probation officers for the city court of Poughkcepsie. They are studying the truancy problem in this practical way, and hope to learn why boys are naughty. A special course in this subject might profitably be Intro duced in all the women's colleges. I? the young women pursued it thorough ly there might be fewer truants in the next generation of boys. A confederate veteran in Texas re fused even in a sham battle to fire On the Stars and Stripes. "We stopped doing that in '65," he said. This is a spirit which will do much more for the harmony and well being of the union than raking up dead-and-gone memories which serve no purpose but to stir ill feeling and sectional strife. A western editor has solved the problem of "how to keep the boys on the farm." Answer: "Have plenty of girls on the farm and the boys won't go away. Now the only question is how to keep the girls on the farm. It seems that the government holds $10.1100.000 for persons who have never presented their claims. And still you read of timber and water and mining frauds as if that _ort of thing were the only loot handy. DECISION IS WISE INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMIS SION ON SEA MONOPOLY,, Recognizes Necessity of Public Regu lation and Control Without Un due Interference with Private Rights. The reasoning of the Interstate com merce commission's decision in the Baltic pool case is obvious. Hut it is worthy of consideration as setting forth the basis in principle of the new policy of regulation. Commerce with foreign nations, equally with commerce between the several states, is within the power of congress to regulate. But the new policy of regulation takes its rise from the fact of monopoly and from that fact only. It in no sense recognizes any expediency in public control of private initiative and enterprise where they are subject to the automatic con trol of competition. The interstate commerce act was therefore limited in operation to com merce which in its inherent nature is monopolistic or noncompetitive. The ocean ways are open to the world. They do not not lend themselves readily to monopoly, save to that, mo nopoly which superior enterprise and superior efficiency create. America has entered upon a new period over the threshold of this prin ciple of public regulation. The step was forced upon the country by natural and inevitable economic and business developments, combination and concentration. The uses of mo nopoly are recognized to-day, but with that recognition comes the inevitable influence of the necessity of public regulation and control. Public service commissions and boards of control have come to stay, not because there is a weakening of American individu alism but because that individualism was destroying itself by its own ten dencies. Public control, therefore, is the only alternative to unrestrained concentration or economic absolutism. The theory and the sphere cf regu lation should be kept definite by legis latures and by the new administrative and quasi-legislative bodies which are the outgrowth of the regulative policy. The genius of our lnstitutipns is in dividualistic, but if we are now more keenly realizing the dangers of an un checked individualism we have the more reason to move considerately lest in our reaction we swing too far. The decision of the interstate com merce commission is sound in princi ple and doubtless, in consideration of the facts, a wise one. If it errs, it certainly errs on the right side. Nevertheless, it should be under stood that the right of congress to regulate where monopoly does actual ly exist in interstate or foreign com merce is ample to amend the present law or pass more inclusive legislation whenever in the opinion of congress actual conditions require the extension or application of the regulative policy —Chicago Tribune. Secretary Straus' Order. Secretary Straus has done a timely and useful service in ordering the com missioners of immigration and the im migrant inspectors to confer with the local police authorities of each city and co-operate with them in ridding the country of anarchists. The Chi cago crime, following so closely upon the assassination of the priest in Den ver, has shown how necessary it is for the forces of law to proceed with merciless diligence against these pests of humanity. Fortunately the law passed in 1907 provides that these criminals who have arrived within the past three years may be deported. Their names are on record, and if their crimes can be proven they can be shipped out of the country at once. Thus there is open a practical course, and the co-opera tion of national and local officers should lead to prompt and gratifying results. Secretary Straus is to be highly commended for his energetic initiative. It will not only send back some unde sirable persons, but it will tend more than anything else to discourage oth ers of their breed from coming to our shores. Do Not Depend on the Tariff. It is time to have it understood that the creation of monopolistic combina tions does not depend on the presence or absence of a tariff, but upon the existence of opportunities to engross supplies or control the machinery of transportation or exchange. For in stance, there is a protective tariff on wool; but the business of wool grow ing cannot be monopolized, even though i; is languishing. For a clear understanding of the question it should be plainly recognized that wherever through neglect or mal-ad ministrjition of the law there is an op portunity to combine or control either the sources of supply or the means of production, or the channels of trans portation or exchange, there the com binations to monopolize the given staple will spring up. This is inevit able if the law does not correct or pun ish the offense. There may be men too honorable to share in such schemes but the dynamic force of the tendency is seen in the fact that the people who are willing to share in it can buy or extinguish those who will not.— 1-lazleton (Pa.) Sentinel. The Chicago Tribune reports tha', the Bryan meeting in that city was made a great success "with the as sistance of a brass band." There has always been considerable brass band about the Bryan movement. CAMERON COUNTY PRESS, THURSDAY, APRIL 16, 1908 AMENDING SHERMAN TRUST ACT. Congressman Hepburn's Bill Deserves Serious Consideration. It is certain that the bill to amend the Sherman trust act, introduced by Congressman Hepburn, will receive and is intended to receive, the fullest and most searching examination. That it is the result of much earnest discus sion is well known. It embodies, sub stantially if not exactly, the unani mous conclusions of the second nation al trust conference that, was held in this city last fall. It was the subject of White House conferences attended by representatives of various interests and elements. Moreover, it is the out growth of a strong and widespread feeling among statesmen, executive of ficials and men of affairs that the law of 1800, as repeatedly construed by the courts, is practically unenforceable be cause it attempts too much and fails to recognize great industrial and so cial facts, changes and tendencies. The underlying principle of the bill may be expressed in a few words. In stead of outlawing all combinations and agreements in restraint of trade, the amended act would outlaw only unreasonable and injurious restraint of trade. In other words, it would fol low the common law in distinguishing between combinations and combina tions, restraint and restraint in the light of one fundamental test —rea- sonableness. But the bill in a \c>y complex affair in spite of the apparent simplicity of this essential purpose. The complex ity arises from several causes, such as the desire to remove certain fears and apprehensions that have been ex cited, the desire to enable corporations to ascertain in advance whether con templated agreements would be deemed reasonable by the government, and the desire to secure more publicity and firmer government control of cor porations engaged in Interstate com merce. The provisions of registration, for the submission of proposed agree ments, for certain immunities to regis tered corporations as well as the ex plicit exemptions of law-abiding labor unions from the operation of the trust act, are directly due to these indicat ed motives. The transition from the existing to the new situation is made gradual and evolutionary, and in re gard to damages for future violations of the act the common law is followed, simple and actual damages being sub stituted for triple or "exemplary" dam ages. There is no provision in the bill directly or indirectly legalizing boy cotting or blacklisting. The methods and weapons of organizations, whether of labor or of capital, are to be subject to the test of reasonableness, in har mony with the whole intent and spirit of the proposed act. Lincoln's First Speech. In 1832 Abraham Lincoln was a can didate for the Illinois legislature. Hia opponent was Peter Cartwright, the famous pioneer Methodist preacher. In that campaign Lincoln made his first political speech. It was delivered from a wagon in the street of the vil lage of Poppsville, in Sangamon coun ty. The speech was very short; bul like all of Lincoln's speeches, it was sincere and direct. This Is what Lincoln said: "Gentlemen and Fellow Citizens: 1 presume you all know who I am. I are humble Abraham Lincoln. I have been solicited by my many friends to be come a candidate for the legislature My politics are short and sweet. I arc in favor of a national bank. I am in favor of the internal improvement sys tem and a high protective tariff. These are my sentiments and my politica! principles. If elected I shall be thank ful; if not, it will be all the same." Lincoln was defeated. Referring in his autobiography to this compaign, Lincoln said: "Iran for the legislature the same year (18:12), and was beaten —the only time I have ever been beat en by the people." » But Lincoln's experience proved that the "sober second sense" of the people can be trusted. In the following four campaigns he was elected to the legis lature, after which he declined to be a candidate any longer. In 184f! Lin coln was elected to congress, defeating his old opponent Peter Cartwright.— Bricelyn (Minn.) Sentinel. In Asiatic Ports. Acceptance of the mikado's invita tion insures our fleet's visit to at least one Japanese port, and naturally will lead to a similar visit in Chinese wa ters. Thereby we shall both cement traditional friendships and also re veal to those uninformed the quality of our craft and the men who man them. Seemingly spontaneous, this latest turn of events was contemplated from the first, in our opinion. Comforting and inspiring as much concerning the fleet's voyage is, the grim fact remains as Senator Hale of the naval commit tee pointed out, that it only makes its way about the world through the aid of colliers chartered from foreign own ers, and in time of war it would be relatively helpless for lack of aux iliaries. Is It a Poor UutlocK? The Boston Post is correct in say ing that tariff revision in strict ac cordance with the Republican theory of protection "offers a mighty poor outlook for the industries of Massachu setts, which have called for free hides, free wool, free coal, free lumber and free trade with Canada." When Mas sachusetts Industries get these things they will get them from the Demo crats. At the same time they will get some other things—continued protec tion will not be one of them —that they will not like ut all. We should think the outlook is better as it is. STIGMA OF GRIME REMOVED AFTER 25 YEARS A MAN'S NAME IS CLEARED. Ho Was charged With Murder but All of the Witnesses Have Since Died. Kingston, N. Y. —ln some west ern city, the name of which is scrupulously guarded, lives a prom inent and respected citizen from whom the supreme court of New York Wednesday removed the stig ma of an Indictment which was re turned 26 years ago and charged John Taylor with the death of Thomas Murray. The present home of Taylor and the name under which he has since lived, married and risen to the head of a big mercantile establish ment are known to but three men here and his secret will be kept. Tay lor's identity was made known by him to the court after a search for him which covered two continents and took several years had been adan doned. Throwing himself on the mer cy of the prosecutor, Taylor invited an Inquiry into his life for the past 25 years. This was made and proved so satisfactory that Supreme Court Justice Clearwater, who as district attorney obtained the indictment against Taylor, declared that it would be gross injustice to reveal the man's new name. Today Justice Howard of Troy, sit ting in the supreme com t, dismissed the indictment against Taylor after it had been shown that all possible witnesses against the defendant were dead. Justice Clearwater, who inves tigated the case, and present District Attorney Cunningham seconded the action of the court. Only Justice Howard, Mr. Clearwater and Mr. Cunningham have known of the facts in the case. Ex-Justice Clearwater said tonight: "The killing of Murray was a case of love, rum and politics. Man slaughter, which was charged, could not be proven now. Taylor has made a new home and won an honored name. He is at the head of a big manufacturing establishment in the west, has a wife and six children, all ignorant of his early misfortune. His character is above reproach and it would be an outrage to revive the Btory now." MOTHERS STORM BUILDING Rumor by "Black Hand" that School house Would Be Blown Up Causes Panic. Newark, N. J.—A rumor that a big public school in the Italian section was to be blown- up by Black Hand blackmailers as an act of re venge for failure of parents of pupils to pay tribute resulted in a panic Wednesday in which two children were injured. The school was closed for the day before the trouble was ended. The school was in session when a great throng of excited women, shout ing and gesticulating, gathered in front. They demanded that their chil dren be sent out at once. The prin cipal telephoned for police assistance but before the help arrived the wom en had broken down the gates and forced their way into the building. The excited mothers rushed intc the building and upstairs, screaming and calling for their children bj name, so exciting the pupils that thej got entirely beyond control of the teachers and ran from their class rooms into the halls. In the wild scramble of mothers and children down the stairs manj of the little ones were thrown down and trampled upon and two were seri ously hurt. A SEVEN YEARS' SENTENCE Quick Justice Meted Out to Four Po licemen Charged With Robbing Business Places. Philadelphia, Pa. Quick justice ■was meted out here to the foui policemen who were arrested 011 Sat urday for robbing stores and ware houses on the beats which they pa trolled in the wholesale district. Hav ing been indicted early on Wednes day on charges of "entering without breaking, with intent to commit a fel ony," "larceny," "receiving stolen goods" and "conspiracy," the accused pleaded guilty before Judge Ivinsey and were sentenced to serve seven years each in the eastern penitenti ary. The convicted policemen are John W. Straub, John Kelly, C. M. Luckenblll and R. R. Slthens. With them in the conspiracy to rob were Harry Rothenberger, aged 19 years, whose arrest on a charge of larceny unearthed the plot, and W. A. Frost, a plumber, in whose place the men divided the proceeds of the robberies. Frost and Rothenberger, who were indicted with the policemen, pleaded guilty and were also sentenced. Frost being sent to the penitentiary for four years, while Rothenberger was committed to Huntingdon reforma tory. Killed While Returning From Funeral Chicago, 111. —Five women, while returning from a funeral on Wed nesday, were killed when the car riage in which they were riding was struck by an electric train on the Chi cago, Aurora & Elgin railroad at a suburh town. The driver was fatal ly hurt, — Not to Take Part in Celebrations. Paso Roubles, Cal.—Rear Admiral Robley D. Evans will not rejoin the battleship fleet at San Oiego, or par ticipate in any of the celebrations in the ports of southern California. He will board the Connecticut at Monte rey, resume command and take the fleet through the Golden Gate if his improvement continues. Wisconsin Man Found Murdered. Washburn, Wis. John Hall, aged 70 years, father-in-law of former State Senator J. J. McGillivray. was murdered Wednesday night in hie shack 12 miles from Washburn. UNCONSCIOUS AND APPARENTLY DYING BUTCHER AT ECONOMY, SUBURB OF PITTSBURG, FOUND DYING —WIFE DEAD IN BED. POLICE NOT TO LEAVE HIM Claims He and Wife Became Involved in Quarrel When She Called Him Names—Act Due to Mental Condition. Pittsburg, Pa. William F. Reiss, proprietor of a meat market at Economy, the former communistic set tlement near here, who Thursday was found in his home by a clerk uncon scious and apparently dying from a bullet wound, while his wife lay dead in her bed, also the victim of a bullet, confessed, it is alleged, that he fired the two shots. A formal charge of murder was placed against him and a policeman is on guard at his bedsids in a hospital in Rochester, Pa., where he was taken soon after the tragedy was discovered. He said that when h® returned home he and his wife became Involved in an altercation during ■which she called him names which ex cited him into an uncontroiable frenzy and he shot her dead. He thea tempted to end his own life. Friends of Reiss attribute hia acta to a deranged mental condition. About five years ago he began the erection of a hotel in Economy and applied for a liquor license. Being refused this, he abandoned the hotel plan and since, it is said, has been despondent and melancholy. ENGLAND'S PREMIER SILENT King Edward's Absence During Cabi net Crisis Has Caused Strong Criticism. London, Eng. The king's absence during the cabinet crisis has pro voked much comment and criticism as well as suspicion that there may be some underlying reason connected with his majesty's health that a semi official explanation was issued Thurs day night to the effect that his visit to Biarritz was undertaken as a holi day in conformity with the strong opinion of his majesty's medical ad visers, owing to repeated attacks of influenza to which the king has been subject during the spring for a num ber of years past. Mr. Asquith, the new premier, spent the night in Paris and has kept secret the composition of the new cabinet. For the time being speculation on the cabinet practically has ceased. The Daily News makes the highly interest ing announcement that John Morley, while retaining the office of secretary for India, will accept a peerage, his reason being declining health and a throat affection that makes the strain of the work in the House of Commons too great. ALMOST CAME TO BLOWS A Newspaper Publisher and Senator Engage in a Wordy Altercation in Columbus. Columbus, O. Shortly before the afternoon session began in the senate on Thursday there was a sensa tional scene in the corridor leading to the office of the president of senate between President James M. Williams and the publisher of a Columbus labor publication. President Williams called the editor some very uncomplimentary names and ordered him on the pain of personal punishment to get out of the chamber, which he did. Afterward Senator Williams stated that the man had been importuning him for some weeks for permission to publish his picture and biography in his paper for the sum of SSO and he had refused to do it. A few days ago a note, he said, was pushed under the door of his office in which the editor announced his intention of attacking him in the paper because of his failure to come to his terms. Judge Denounces Jury. Detroit, Mich. "This is one of the vilest miscarriages of justice that has ever been heard in this com munity," said Judge Phelan in the re corder's court Thursday afternoon, when a jury found 18-year-old Percy Bowin of Woodville, Ont., not guilty of the brutal murder on January 7 of 03-year-old Mrs. Cornelia Welch, pro prietress of a disreputable place, which Bowin had frequented. Frontier Author Dead. Washburn, N. D. —Joseph Henry Taylor, frontier author, died here on Thursday night of heart failure. Taylor reached the Platte river in 1864 and worked north along the Missouri river. He was among the first white men to take up his abode in these parts. He was author and publisher of "Beavers and Their Ways," "Fron tier and Indian Life." Names and Addresses Wanted. Paterson, N. J. Mayor Mcßrida has called upon Chief of Police Rimson for list of the names and addresses of all persons who are known to be members of the anarchist group in this city. It is believed that the mayor will turn over this list to the federal government. Waived All Her Rights. New York City. After a month in the Tombs prison Mme. Olga Stein, -who claims to be the wife of a privy councillor in St. Petersburg, and who is accused of forgery and larceny, ■waived all her rights under the extra dition laws when arraigned before United States Commissioner Shields Thursday and expressed a willingness to return to Russia for trial. Nine Firemen Overcome. Richmond, Ind. —Fire in the Colon ial office building Thursday caused a loss of $120,000. Nine firemen wer* overcome while fighting t,be llamas TRADE CONDITIONS ARE GOOD SOUTHWEST AND NORTH WEBT SEND BEST REPORTS. Approach of Easter Has Increased Trade in Some Lines—Early Crops Look Better. New York City.—Bradstreet's says: Though Irregular, the week's de velopments have been in the direction of improvement. The approach of Easter has stimulated retail trade in some lines and sections, with a sym pathetic effect on some jobbing busi ness and a slight gain in collections. The southwest and northwest send the best reports, while southern ad vices are little more satisfactory as a whole. So far the early crop and soil conditions are better than a year ago and the reports of insect damage are conspicuously fewer than in 1!)07. One effect of these developments has been to depress cereal and cotton prices to the lowest levels of the year, thus modifying the advance caused in the general price level in March by the sharp rise in meats and strength in metals, outside of iron and steel and naval stores. Lowered prices of cot tons have brought in some buying of specialties, but men'a-wear woolen? and winter-wear hosiery show little gain. The strength in sole leather continues and hides are slightly high er. There is little new in the iron andG steel industry. Seasonable goods suctv aj wire, nails and tin plate are in de mand. LAWS Of STATFS CONFLICT Divorce Case Attracts Notice Through out Country Because of its Novel Features. New York City. A divorce de cision that has attracted attention: throughout the United States was af firmed Friday by the appellate divis ion of the supreme court. It was that of Porte V. Ransom, who ob tained a decree of divorce from Mrs. George L. Browning of .Madison, Va. The case attracted attention be cause of its novel features. It ap pears that Mrs. Eva B. Hill Ransom, wife of the plaintiff, left this city and went to her former home in Virginia, where she obtained a divorce from Rfinsom in the circuit court of Vir ginia on the one ground recognized by the courts of the state of New York. On February 27, 1906, five years after obtaining her decree, she married George L. Browning. On April 24, 1906, Ransom began an action for divorce here because she was living with Browning. Justice Bowling granted Ransom the decree and this judgment is now affirmed by the appellate division. Ransom did not defend the Virginia action brought by his wife, because no service was made on him except by publication, under Virginia statutes,. THE NATIONAL LAWMAKERS Proceedings of the Senate and House of Representatives. Washington.—ln the house on thf Sth the president's veto of a bill to> place Commander White on active list was sustained by a vote of 257 to 0. Committee reports occupied most of the time in the senate. Washington.—A bill relating to the liability of common carriers by rail roads, which recently passed the house, was passed by the senate with out amendment on the 9th. A bill to* increase the efficiency of the per sonnel of the revenue cutter service was passed by the house. Washington.—ln the house on the 10th Chairman Foss of Illinois and Mr. Padgett of Tennessee of the com mittee on naval affairs made exhaust ive speeches justifying the action of the committee in reporting what they characterized as a conservative naval program for the next year. MANY RIOTERS ARE INJURED Rivalry Between Italian and Polish. Laborers to Obtain Work Causes a Fierce Fight. Elizabeth, N. J. Rivalry between Italian and Polisll laborers at Ly den, N. J., led to a fierce fight Fri day in which stones, clubs and pis tols were freely used. Many of the rioters were injured, but none serious ly. Although many shots were fired, the markmanship of the combatants was poor. The Italians and Poles are seeking work at the refinery buildings being erect€!d at Linden by the Standard Oil Co. and the rivalry between the foreigners to obtain work has led to several clashes. DRIVES HORSE FROM UNDER Confessed Crime and Was Identified — Mob Used Rope and Then Quickly Disperced. Fort Worth, Tex. Following an attack on a 12-year-old girl. May Mor ris, at Longview, Tex., early Friday, Albert Temple, a negro, was captured by a posse and lynched. The negro confessed his crime af ter he had been identified. He was taken to the courthouse yard, a rope placed around his neck, a horse driv en from under him and he was left hanging. The mob, which consisted of several hundred, then quickly dis perced. Proclamation as to Treaty. Washington, D. C. Proclamation was made at the state depart ment Friday for a copyright treaty between the United States and Mex ico. This treaty resulted from the PaivAmerican conference held in the City of Mexico in 1902. Cigar Box Factory Burns. Philadelphia, Pa. Sheip & Van dergrift's cigar box factory and the plant of the Philadelphia Veneer and Lumber Co. at Fifth, Lawrence and Brown streets, in the northern central part of the city, were totallx destroyed by fire Friday.