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CAMEROiN COUNTY PRES& H. H. MULUN, Editor. Published Every Thursday. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. #er ysar 12 08 \ paid to advance IM ADVERTISING RATES: Advertisements arc published at the rate ot ■ae dollar rer square for one insertion and fifty ptats per square fur each subsequent insertion. Rates by the y< ar, or for six or three months, lire tow aud uniform, and will be furnished on application. Legal and Official Advertising per square, tkree times or less. :2: each subsequent, inser tion SO cents per square. Local notioes lo cents per line for one lnser sertlon; 6 cents per line for each subsequent #en«ecutive Insertion. Obituary notices over fire lines. 10 cents per Hae. Simple announcements of births, uiar» rlsges and deaths will be Inserted free. Business cards, five lines or less. 15 per year; over five lines, at the regular rales of adver tising. No local Inserted for less than 75 cents per Issue. JOB PRINTING. The Job department of the Prbss Is complete affords facilities for doing the best class of worli. Particular attention paid to Law Frintihci. No paper will be discontinued until arrear ages are paid, except at the option of the pub- Usher. Papers sent out of the county must be paid for In advance. The Gentleman. There are men and women who pride themselves upon their gruffness, and though they may possess virtue, their manners make them intolerable. The finest gentleman that ever breathed was the model man of Naz areth. And if Christianity has no higher recommendation, Hare's state ment in "Guesses of Truth,""the Christian is God Almighty's gentle man," that alone makes it an invalu able element in society. How Women May Keep Well. An authority upon all matters con nected with physical training says that a woman who wishes to keep well and in good condition should sleep nine hours of the 24, take cold water baths, exercise for five minutes each day with light dumbbells, drink a cup of hot liquid before breakfast, spend half an hour every day in out door exercise, make the best of bad bargains and, above all, always keep her temper. A Conservative. "Your great trouble," said the saga cious person, "is that you don't ap ply scientific principles to agricul ture." "P'raps," answered Farmer Corntossel. "What, in your opinion, cause so many crop failures?" "I dunno for sure. Hut I've a suspicion it's tryin' to follow the advice of everybody that comes along an' says he knows all about it." Turpentine. Turpentine, in India, is derived from the chir, or long-leaf pine, which very much resembles the American long leaf pine, from which the main supply of turpentine of the world is derived and which is rapidly disappearing. This tree occurs in different parts of the Himalayas, at elevations of from 3,500 feet to 7,000 feet. Following Our Women, Aristotle says:"The aim of labor is rest." He never knew New York ers, for they rest like the chicken hawk —upon the wing. The man who keeps up with the New York woman ought to have as many legs as a cen tipede and the temper of an angel.— New York Press. Strength of Beetles. Beetles possess an enormous amount of strength. The common beetle can draw 500 times its own weight, and a stag beetle has been known to escape from underneath a box on which a weight had been placed 1,700 times greater than the insect's body. Getting Rich. "How did you get the money to buy paints to finish your big picture?" asked the sympathetic intimate of the struggling artist. "Pawned my coat." "Oh! And how much did you get for your picture?" "Nearly enough to get my coat out." Pagan Philosophy. "If you wish for anything which be longs to another, you lose that which is your own," said Epictetus. He was a slave, but, more clearly than any of the stoics, realized the essential importance of every human being. Useful. "Life is largely made up of illu sions," said the complacent cynic. "Yes," answered Miss Cayenne, "and they serve a beneficent purpose. If there vwe no illusions, there would be far less self-esteem." Good Thing to Avoid. "When you comes to figure In de loss of time, temper an' mebbe friend ship," said Uncle Ebon, "it's mighty hard foh anybody to say foh certain dat he has had de best of an argu ment." Ability. No man is the wiser for his learn ing. It may administer matter to work in, or objects to work upon; but wit and wisdom are born with a man. —John Seidell. The inquisitive Child. "Bobby—"Please, pa, just one more." Pa —"All right. Well, what is it?" Hobby—"Say, pa, who is going to bury the last man that dies?"—illustrated Bits. Optimism. "Some fish ate the bait right off my hook," she said. "Cheer up. He'll be all the bigger when you do catch him," he responded, encouragingly. LET VOTERS DECIDE WASHINGTON STAR ON THE PRO POSED INCOME TAX. Republican Organ Urges That the Question Be Submitted to the Peo ple—Public Sentiment Has Not Been Expressed. In discussing the proposed income tax the Washington Star says: Uy the president's plan we should get a clear expression from the people as to an income tax. No campaign has as yet developed public sentiment distinctly on that subject. It is true that last year the Democratic 'party declared for the tax, while the Repub licans were silent. But the election did not turn in any measure on that issue. Other issues occupied atten tion, and Judge Taft's success rested upon them. The Income tax was of no force in the contest. This is made very plain now by the situation in the senate. The Repub lican members of that body who favor an income tax, and would be glad to vote for it to-day without special in structions from the country, are not new converts. They held their pres ent views last year, but of course did not express them. Standing on the Chicago platform, they addressed themselves in tlieir campaign speeches to the questions grouped in that in strument. Nor, although the Denver platform carried the issue approvingly, did the Democratic spellbinders lay any stress on it. Other things occupied their time, and brought out what strength theii*party exhibited at the polls. Mr. Bryan was not defeated because of his advocacy of an income tax. But by submitting the question to the states we should ascertain precise ly what the voters desire. The issue will not be obscured or subordinated, but will stand out in its full meaning and proportions. Yes, or no, will be the response. It is predicted that the campaign will be marked by extraordinary cor ruption. As the friends of the tax must show a strength of three-fourths, its enemies will be able to concentrate their efforts and invest huge campaign funds where they will be most effec tive. We may probably expect a lib eral use of money, but it is not likely that money will carry the day. If the tax is approved in the way proposed, will the power be reserved, or exercised at once? Will the cor porations tax be repealed, and the in come tax substituted? The question is pertinent and important. Hut no answer is possible now. A campaign might follow with such a proposition as the issue. Something will depend on how the corporation tax works. If it proves a good revenue producer, and no very unpopular ex emptions appear, the people may de cide to continue it. But a disappoint ment in it might result in its over throw, and the adoption of the other tax. The main thing at present is the submission of the income tax to the voters. As yet no mandate for such a tax has been issued by them, and the party in power should not act in so important a matter until distinctly instructed. The Prosperity Schedule. Tariff bills are judged, after enact ment, fcy their results more than by the rates which they establish. The prosperity schedule is the one most interesting to the country. Nine vot ers out of ten are little concerned with tariff percentages, but all of them are intensely alive to the good or bad times which follow the passage of a new tariff law. It is never possible to argue suc cessfully that the tariff should not be credited with prosperity or charged with a panic, if such a disaster follows a sweeping reduction or increase in the duties or imports. The change, favorable or adverse, may be a coinci dence, but it is always believed to be a consequence, and the new tariff law is judged accordingly. This may not be scientific. It is not always fair or sound. Yet the fact re mains that such reasoning is well nigh universal. It springs from the very roots of human nature. In the last analysis, the Payne-Ald rich tariff bill will be judged by the times which follow its enactment. If its prosperity schedule turns out well all of its faults will be overlooked and it will be a popular law. Its re sults will count a great deal more than its merits, if the two do not haj • pen to be well balanced. The Aviators. A Nebraska man fell 3,500 feet and survived it. A certain other Nebras kan has fallen even farther not on!y once, but three times, and appears to be healthier than ever. The Democratic editor who has asked Mr. Bryan to step down and giv" some one else a chance at the presidential nomination evidently is not well acquainted with the gentle man from Nebraska. Using His Deaf Ear. Mr. Talt can well afford to turn a deaf ear to the unwise party man agers who ask him to make the fed eral judiciary in North Carolina or in any other s'tate a party agency—an in strument lor the strengthening of a political organization. In Currer; "Terms. "Mr. Bryan rapidly is degenerating to the minor leagues," remarks the St. Paul Pioneer Press. Nice talk about a manager who is planning on capturing the 1912 pennant. CAMERON COUNTY PRESS, THURSDAY, JULY 15, 1909. FOLLOW THE TRAIL OF GUILT. Officials and Employes Implicated in Sugar Frauds Must Be Found and Punished. The daily press records the slow but steady efforts of the department of justice to prosecute those officials and employes of the so-called sugar trust who were implicated in that enormous fraud upon the national treasury which has become known as "The Case of the Seventeen Holes." It is to be hoped that this prosecu tion will be pushed unremittingly, that it will reach as far up among the offi cials of the offending corporation as it is possible to follow the trail of guilt, and thnt In every case of conviction the penalties imposed shall be as se vere as the law warrants. It should be possible to follow the trail of guilt clear to the top. It is often true that the subordinates of a great corporate business violate the law for their own advantage, without the knowledge or approval of their responsible superiors. Hut it is also true that the superiors are often so curiously blind to profitable lawbreak ing that their guilt also must be in ferred. In this "Case of the Seventeen Holes"—so named from the mechan ical device by which scales were made to show false weights to the profit of the corporation and the loss of the treasury—the crimes committed re quired the co-operation of so many persons, were so persistent and long continued, that it is simply impossible j to believe they were not known and approved by the responsible heads of the corporation. In fact, the conclusive proof, that not only the machinery for crime ex isted, but that crimes were regularly and habitually committed and their profits secured, was found in the cor poration's own daily records of its business and in the summaries of those records prepared by order of its superior officials for their information, regularly laid before them and neces sarily considered by them. Hence it should not be impossible to follow the trail of guilt clear to the top, to obtain all necessary legal proof, and by severe punishments to make an example that may be really deter rent to corporation lawbreaking.— Chicago Inter Ocean. The South and the President. No southern man expects the presi dent, grounded as he undoubtedly is in Republicanism, to sacrifice his faith in order to curry favor with the south. The south would hardly respect him if he did. The south, however, asks only one thing of the president, and that is, that in making official selections he choose the men most qualified, whether they be Democrats or Republicans. Espe cially do they expect him to do this in the matter of judicial appointments. If capable Republicans can be found for such positions in the south, south ern Democrats will expect and ap prove their appointment. If, on the other hand, the president's party is de void of the right material, they na turally hope for the appointment of men of their political faith. It is im portant that judicial positions be filled by the most capable men in the several districts and circuits, because the judicial officer stands in a differ ent. light toward the people to the oc cupant of a merely political office. President Taft is showing apprecia tive consideration of the south and its interests, but he will not be any the less a Republican because of it. —Nash- ville Republican. Five Billions of Confidence. On the fifth day of June the aggre gate market value of 371 stock issues representing big corporations—rail roads, industrial companies and min ing properties was $1,977,05G,564 above the market value of the same stocks when the panic was at its worst, in November, 1907. This huge gain of almost five bil lion dollars is not all renewed conft dence. It is not all a state of mind. Many great companies have increased their actual possessions very largely in the last year and a half. Rut if all of the companies in business, through out the country, could be taken into account the gain In market value would not be $5,000,000,000 but at least $r ( ,000,000,000; perhaps $7,000,000,000. Therefore it is safe to say that in the brief period from the late fall of 1907 to the early summer of 1909 there has been a gain of $5,000,000,000 in the market value of corporations, which means confidence, new and healthful optimism, a revival of faith in America, a surer and deeper con viction that J. Pierpont Morgan waa right when he said that the man who bets against this country's prosperity and progress would "go broke." Only One in Captivity. According to a Constantinople let ter the new sultan of Turkey is a typi cal Democrat. Why can not the Dem ocratic party bring him over and elect him to the United States senate from some reliably Democratic state —say Texas or Florida —so that the party and the country can see what one looks like?— New Bedford Standard. Few Great Democrats Left. With apparently no one but the Hon. Joseph W'eldon Bailey to repre sent the principles, the economic poli cies and the honor of the Demcratic party, one becomes conscious of the recent awful mortality among the great Democrats. It was to be expected that promi nent Democrats would claim credit foi furnishing suggestions to this admin Istration, as well us to its predeces sor. IMPORTANT NEWS NOTES OF A WEEK LATEST HAPPENINGS THE WORLD OVER TOLD IN ITEMIZED FORM. EVENTS HERE AND THERE Condensed Into a Few Lines for th* Perusal of the Busy Man— Latest Personal Infor mation. WASHINGTON HEWS. President Taft in an address at Norwich, Conn., said he favored let ting every inan worship God as he chooses. The senate voted to submit the in come tax question to the state legisla tures for an amendment to the const!-, tution. The senate passed the tariff bill by a vote of 45 to 34, ten Republicans voting against it and one Democrat for it. Representative Rodenberg of Illinois introduced a bill in the house provid ing the death penalty for kidnaping in the District of Columbia. PERSONAL. James Yadkin Joyner of North Caro lina, was elected president of the Na tional Educational assosiation at the Denver convention. Gov. John Burke of North Dakota was elected president of the Missouri River Navigation congress. John D. Rockefeller celebrated his seventieth birthday anniversary by playing golf. Chairman Goethals of the canal commission has issued an economy edict for the isthmus. Use of car riages for officials is restricted. Charles Richardson, secretary of the American legation at Copenhagen, has resigned and will return to the United States. Rev. Dr. Will C. Carleton served 36 hours as a policeman at Mason City, la., and made three arrests for minor ofTenses. GENERAL NEWS. President Taft, who for three days participated in the tercentenary cele bration of the discovery of Lake Champlain, returned to Washington. John Smith, a burglar, who with Carlo Giro broke into the home of George Staber at Flatbush, 1.. 1., and killed Mrs. Staber, was captured and confessed to the New York police. Violent earthquake shocks, which are believed to have had their vortex in Central Asia, were recorded by seismographs in all parts of the world. Home Secretary Gladstone of Eng land received a delegation of suffra gettes and expressed sympathy for their cause. Terry McGovern, former feather weight champion of the world, was sent to a hospital where he will be examined for his sanity. M. Caillaux, minister of iinance of France, was slapped by Charles Bos, a former deputy and one of those bloodless duels for which France is fa mous may be the result. Mrs. Lida Griswold, librarian, was slain in the public library of Eaton, 0., by Henry Rife, who attempted sui cide. in a local option election at Bris tol, Va., the "wets" were victorious by 38 votes. The United Society of Christian Rn deavor voted to hold its convention next year in Atlantic City. A $5,000 stallion owned by Clarence H. Mackay was trying to shake a fly off bis neck at the Mackay estate on Long island, when he fell and bj-oke his neck. Sergt. liobert Johnson of the artil lery. who was wounded in the fight on Jolo island in the Philippines, in which the bandit, Jikiri. and his band were exterminated, died. Deportations of 150 aliens were or dered by the immigration authorities at New York, breaking all records. Philip Lemmel, weighing 270 pounds, ate ten pounds of beefsteak in a contest at a New York outing with Max Meyers, who ate 8% pounds. Eminent churchmen from most of the larger cities of the country gath ered in Boston to attend the sixth an nual meeting of the Catholic Educa tional association over which Rev. D. J. O'Donnell, D. D., presided and in which Archbishop O'Connell of Bos ton participated. Attorney General Wlckersham, speaking before the Kentucky Bar as sociation at Paducah, said congress should pass a law providing for na tionally created corporations. President Taft accompanied Mrs. Taft to the "summer White House" at Beverly, Mass., and will return after congress adjourns. Jikiri, head of the Moro outlaws and ail of his band were killed by United States soldiers in a desperate battle near Patian on Jolo island. Mrs. Lillian I). Hoag of Los Angeles, Cal„ went without food for 49 days and cured a disease from which she suffered. Officials of a New York hospital say John Early who was held a year in Washington as a leper, hasn't a trace of the disease. Allison V. Armour of New York en tertained Kaiser Wilhelm on his yacht at Travemunde, Germany The Lemberg, Austria, newspapers report risings in Bessarabia, south western Russia. Mobs have attacked the landlords and Jews, 100 of whom tiave been killed. President Taft in a speech at Platts burg, N. Y., declared tolerance in re ligion is fast increasing in this coun try. Itichard Hyland, a motorman on the Louisville Ai Indianapolis traction line, forgot his orders and five persons were injured in the colision that followed at llolman, Ind. Anna Spangler, four years old, daughter of a wealthy farmer at Sun Prairie, Wis., who was believed to have been kidnaped, was found four miles from home, having wandered away. At least six persons were drowned, one train was wrecked and several others were held up by floods in Mis souri and Kansas. Soldiers of the Colombian army at Rarranquilla, revolted, proclaimed Gonzales Valencia, who says he doesn't want the job, president and prepared to offer desperate resistance to government troops. Hundreds of shareholders of the Minnesota Grain indemnity Company stormed it? offices in Minneapolis whew S. P» Norris, the manager, was reported missing. King Peter of Servla, having fainted from excessive smoking, fell from a horse and was painfully injured. The Wabash Railroad Company, un der a decision of the United States court of appeals, must pay to the widow of James Compton $900,000 for bonds bought by her husband in 1870. The case had been in the courts 33 years. Theodore Roosevelt killed a lion as the beast was charging at him. He also has added two other lions and four rhinoceroses to his list. Harry Hands, a Pittsburg policeman, is in a serious condition as a result of being stabbed with a hatpin by a negress. Winfield Richards and a stranger started to swim across the Grand river at Glenwood Springs, Col., on a two-dollar wager and the stranger sank in midstream and was drowned while Richards barely reached the shore. Thirteen teachers in the New York public school obtained marriage li censes on the first official day of tho summer vacation. Progress in the fight against tuber culosis in America was reported to the International Tuberculosis conference in Stockholm in a paper by Nathan Straus of New York. Thousands of Elks assembled in Los Angeles, Cal., for the convention of their grand lodge. The Lake Champlain celebration was transferred to Burlington, Vt., where President Tal't and all the other no table guests took part in the cere monies, the principal address being by Postmaster General Lemieux of Can ada. American investigations tending to prove that bovine tuberculosis is large ly responsible for the spread ot the disease among human beings, espe cially children, were officially re ported to the International Tuberculo sis conference in Stockholm by Nathan Straus of New York. William W. Hastings, superintendent of schools at Springfield, Mass., said he would bar a teacher with a hacking cough and round shoulders from the school room, in an address at the ed ucators* convention. Harry K. Thaw will be kept in jail at White Plains, X. Y., pending the inquiry into his sanity. A report received in London said (he Persian revolutionary forces have entered the city of Teheran, the na tional capital. The New York police were puzzled by the murder of an unidentified wom an whose battered body was found in the doorway of an Italian tenement house. Earl J. Litteer. assistant cashier of the Security National bank, Okla homa City, Okla., shot A. G. Hudson, an alleged forger who tried to escape. .lohn Justice was killed and three other men wounded in a pistol battle over a girl at a dance in Foley, W. Va. A cannon ball fired into a tank con taining 35,000 gallons of coal oil at Martinsville, 111., checked a fire and prevented an explosion. Dr. Charles F. Barstow, formerly of Chicago, was acquitted of the charge of murdering Jeanette Reider at Free port, 111. Louisville's new water plant has been opened. It will give the city 37,500,000 gallons of clear water daily. Mrs. William C. Grant of Chicago, aged 75 years, and Her sister. Miss Catharine A. Baker, arrived in New- York after making a tour of the world. More than 100.000 birds of different varieties that breed on the islands of the Gulf of Mexico were destroyed by the heavy seas that followed high winds, according to Frank M. Miller, president of the Louisiana game com mission. • Fourth of July celebrations through out the country cost 44 lives, caused injury to 2,361 persons and resulted in $724,515 damage by lire. James Corcoran, an aeronaut, was killed by a fall from a balloon in sight of 5,000 persons at Portland, Me. Referee Roche gave the decision -to Stanley Ketchel over "Billy" Papke after 20 rounds of fighting at San Francisco. An unidentified man and woman, evidently to carry out a suicide pact, allowed their boat to drift over a dam at South Bend, Ind., and both were drowned. A duel was fought between Col. Orestes Ferrera, president of the Cu ban bouse of representatives and Senor Monleon, a representative. Ra piers were used and both received slight injuries. Martin J. Sheridan won the national all round championship of tho Ameri can Athletic union at New York by making 7,385 points, breaking his own record of 7,130',s points. OIL KING AGAIN OPENS HIS PURSE GIFT OF $10,000,000 IS PRESENTED TO THE GENERAL EDUCA TION BOARD. APPROPRIATIONS EXHAUSTED Large Income to Meet Educational Needs of Great Importance Had Become Necessary by the Board. New York City.—John 1). Rocke feller has increased his donations to the General Education board by a gift, of $10,000,000 and has also released the board from the obligation to hold in perpetuity the funds contributed by him. The gift, announced by Freder ick T. Gates, the chairman of the board, brings Mr. Rockefeller's dona tions to the General Education board to $52,000,000. It was contributed, ac cording to the statement made by Chairman Gates, because the income of the present fund available for ap propriation had been exhausted and a large income to meet educational needs of great importance had become necessary. Mr. Rockefeller's action in empower ing the board and its successors to distribute the principal of funds con tributed by him upon the affirmative vote of two-thirds of its members was said to have been taken in considera tion of the possibility, now remote, that at some future time the object and purpose of the Rockefeller foun dation might become obsolete. Un der the original conditions imposed, the fund would have had to continue in perpetuity, irrespective of whether a public demand for its continuance existed or not. Since the receipt of its foundation for higher education in 1905 the Gen eral Education board has subscribed to the colleges of this country. $3,- 937,500. The colleges to which these subscriptions have been made are to raise supplemental sums amounting to $14,037,500. When these agree ments have been completed the total addition to collegiate endowment in this country, through the agency of the board and the friends of the col leges, will be $17,975,000. Tiius far but one institution has failed to raise the supplemental fund required by the terms of the board's pledge. In acknowledging Mr. Rockefeller's gift, the board says among other things that they will endeavor to use the power that Mr. Rockefeller has given them for the public welfare. BRIGHT OUTLOOK FOR CROPS Iron and Steel Trade Rapidly Rising to High Water Mark Levels, Says Dun's Report. New York City.—R. G. I)un & Co.'s Weekly Review of Trade says: No one can now question the sub stantial character of the revival in the iron and steel trade which is rap idly rising to high water mark levels. The output ci' the principal producer has already reached within a mod erate percentage of full capacity, and railroads as well as builders in lead ing branches of construction work are in the market with their orders. This wonderful change, in a short period, in the activity of the greatest manufacturing industry of the coun try; the bright outlook for the crops, that of corn giving promise of an un precedented yield; the cheapness of money; arid the fact that the tariff bill has been passed by the senate; these are the conspicuous features of the business situation. Naturally they serve to strengthen the new born con fidence and to encourage new enter prises. The maintenance of trade re vival is all the more remarkable be cause this is the usual season of crop uncertainty. DISFIGURED GIRL HYSTERICAL Woman Is Arrested Charged With Throwing Carbolic Acid and Cut ting Girl With Knife. Lexington. Ky.—Mrs. Kate Phipps has been arrested charged with dis figuring Mary Ryan, a girl who was mysteriously attacked in a stable. The girl's identification of the woman was dramatic. Mrs. Phipps is a neighbor of the girl's and during the latter's delirium has called frequently to inquire about the girl's condition. Miss Ryan was in her right mind when Mrs. Phipps called. On sight of Mrs. Phipps the girl screamed and became hysterical. Miss Ryan declared that, the woman who attacked her said as she made the onslaught; "If I can't have rosy cheeks, you can't. Everybody likes you; nobody likes me." She then threw carbolic acid in her face and cut her with a knife on the cheeks and hands. Mrs. Phipps says she did not make the at tack. Murder or Suicide Pact? Grand Rapids, Mich. —Escaping gas led to the finding of the dead bodies of Warren C. Rolland, 29. and his wife in a House in which they had recently conducted a rooming house but from which they hud re moved nearly all of their effects. There were indications of blood stains around the room but the bodies were so badly decomposed that it was difficult, to determine whether the woman had been murdered by her husband or whether they had united in a death pact.