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CAMERON COUNTY PRESS. H. H. MULLIN, Editor. Published Every Thursday. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. #er year 12 09 V paid In advance 1 id ADVERTISING RATES: AdTertisements are published at the rate 01 Pas dollar per square (orone insertion and fifty •nts per square for each subsequent insertion. Rates.by the year, or for six or thrae months, fcr* low and uniform, and will be furnished oo yipnUcation. tegal and Official Advertising per square, tferee times or less. »2: eacn subsequent inser tion '0 cents per square. Local notices to cents per line for one Inser sertlon: 6 cents per line for each subsequent •onieeutlve Insertion. Obituary notices over five lines, 10 cents per ll»e. Simple announcements of births, mar riages and deaths will be Inserted free. Business cards, five lines or less. 15 per year; over U*e lines, at the regular rates of adver tising No local Inserted for less than 75 cents per Issue. JOB PRINTING. The Job department of the Prk** Is complete rfnd affords facilities for doing the best class of Work. PARTICUL.AU ATTENTION PAIDTO LAW fHINTISO. No paper will be discontinued until arrear ages are paid, except at the option of the pub- Usher. Papers sent out of the county must be paid lor In advance. THE DIVORCE PROBLEM. A clergyman college professor stren uously protests against divorce and urges the necessity of a marriage tie that can be broken only by death. No sane person who honestly has at heart the best interests of society in gen eral will differ from the professor, but the difficulty with his proposition is that it begins in the wrong place. If the church and the law paid half the attention to marriage that they do to divorce the divorce problem would be reduced to a mighty small minimum. The blind, halt and foolish are permit ted to wed without let or hindrance. The state and the church make no in quiry whatever, says the Chicago Eve ning Journal. Anyone—even those manifestly unfit to marry —can be wedded on request, a condition which manifestly makes for marital unrest and dissatisfaction, and is largely pro ductive of divorce. Give marriage •more safeguards, and the courts will find much less necessity to interfere with family relations. But those who expect to remove the effect without eliminating the cause are attempting a task very near the impossible. According to an iron trade bulletin, devoted to Mexican development, it appears that the iron industry in that country is capable of wonderful expan sion, says the New York Financier. The celebrated iron mountain of Du rango, the Carro del Mercado, is of world-wide fame and it is claimed to be one of the most valuable iron de posits in the world, both as to quality and quantity. It is estimated to con tain 300,000,000 tons of 70 per cent, ore above the level of the plains. There Is another mountain near the mouth of the Ralsas river which is valuable largely because of its accessibility to the sea and, therefore, to the markets of the world. This mountain is be lieved to contain over one billion me tric tons of ore low in phosphate and averaging more than GO per cent, of iron. Other deposits in the mineral regions of Mexico indicate possible yields of several hundred million tons of high-grade ore, and along the Pacific coast there are equally valuable de posits. It is evident that the transatlantic steamers are getting to the limit of achievement as to speed when a mat ter of 50 seconds clipped from a run is heralded as a shortening of the time between the two continents. This rec ognition of a mere shaving of time in the running is not reconcilable with the wasting hours after the completion of the rushing voyages, before taking the ships to dock in New York city. This inconsistency is no longer glar ing, because the steamers are now taken to the docks ut night instead of waiting for the return of daylight; but there is time enough lost at the ter minals to make the saving of 50 sec onds by a rush across the sea "look like 30 cents." New York is about to build a 31- story hotel that is to be the highest in the world, but, as most visitors to that town can painfully testify, in one important respect its hotels were al ready the highest. Seventeen pairs of shoes have been ordered from America for the Dutch royal baby. Somebody in Holland real izes how fast children wear out shoes. No injunction has been issued against those who want to add an hour to the public's daylight in the morning on their own personal ac count. Turkey's new sultan, who says the outrages in the pfovinces must cease, possibly does not like the smell of Eu ropean gunpowder. A Milwaukee woman was touched by a burglar, but not in a sympathetic sense. He decamped with her purse. Teaching the young idea how to shoot is not a circumstance to teach ing it how to aviate. Young Turks cannot promote tytnnan libertj merely by encouraging tho hemp/industry. TRUE TO PLEDGES PRESIDENT TAFT WILL KEEP FAITH WITH PEOPLE. Conclusive Answer to Critics Who Have Said He Had Lost Interest in Doctrines He had For mally Indorsed The earnest warning given the par ty of the administration, the party so long in power at Washington that its control seems unlimited, in the pres ident's speech at Yale, to the uliunni of that university, ought to be accept ed everywhere as evidence that Mr. Taft is not unmindful of the Repub lican pledges made during the last na tional campaign. It is clear that he does not forget his own promises, in behalf of his party. It is equally plain that he does not believe any political organization can remain in power, in this country, without deserving the confidence and support of the people. The Yale address ought to end all talk of the president's carelessness about party responsibilities. It ought to silence the voices which have ac cused him of being indifferent to the problems which were forced to the front in the last presidential cam paign. Mr. Taft should be given a fair chance to show what his policies and his methods really are before he is condemned by those who jump to the conclusion that he does not mean to be true, in every sense, to the doc trines which he indorsed and accepted when he was a candidate for the great office which came to him so easily. The present administration is only a few months old. The time is not enough to make a record which can go far in determining the fruits of the Taft term —or terms. It is only fair and sensible to wait for more definite and conclusive evidence of the tenden cies and results of the president's work in the White House. His meth ods are quiet and deliberate. He is not spectacular. He does not make much stir in his efforts to reach an appointed goal. Hut the real test is whether or not he will accomplish what he undertakes, and whether he holds his course along the lines he himself laid down, before his election and afterward. As yet condemnation certainly takes too much for granted. Common fair ness demands that the administration be given more time to bring about re forms in taxation and to prove that it will not fail to enforce and follow up the Roosevelt policies in enforcing obedience to law and respect for jus tice in business affairs, of national scope and importance. Nothing has happened yet to show that President Taft is less devoted to the "square deal" than Theodore Roosevelt was. The Tariff and the Future. The Jacksonville (Fla.) Times- Union, commenting on the Star's pre diction that no permanent divisions in either party are likely to result from the present more or less bitter tariff controversy, says: "The division in Democratic ranks has been greatly exaggerated. Louisi ana lias elected to congress a number of Republicans who claim to be Demo crats, but who, as far as we can re member, have voted with the Repub licans on every division that has been made during the present session. These men should not be permitted in the Democratic caucus. They vote with the Republicans; they should bear the Republican stamp, and if Louisiana wishes to send them back to congress as Republicans she has a perfect right to do so; but no delega tion representing the views that these men entertain should be permitted to take part in a Democratic conven tion." This is much too severe on the Dou isianans. They have not gone beyond Democrats from other southern states except in gratitude and the full cour age of convictions. Asking protection for the principal industry of their own state, they have voted protection in return to the industries of other states. \\ hy not? Besides, they are not the first Louis iana Democrats to take that position in congress. t Sugar lias always colored—Dutch colored, if you please—the tariff views and votes of the people of the state of both par ties. And, with <ither party In power, sugar has always been remembered in the day of tariff revision. Asking the Impossible. Our free trade editors are captious as usual about tariff revision. Here is one in Xew York demanding that President Taft treat the forthcoming hill according to this sentiment In a speech of his last December: "Better no revision at all, better that the new hill should fail, unless we have an honest and thorough re vision on the basis laid down and the principles outlined in the party plat form." It ought to be clear to the densest comprehension that as a practical proposition it is impossible for this session of congress to produce a bill on the basis and according to the rule of rats measurement stated In the platform. Honest, downward revision we can have, and doubtless shall have. But to demand that the platform pi ineiple ot diffetence 'n labor cost here and abroad be consistently ap plied to the schedules is to demand the impossible. Why? Simply he because congress lacks the data nec essary to determining that differential. There was no permanent tariff com mission at work to supply it with the data, and without such a commission we ihall never get a scientific tariff with a broad basis of accurately and impartially ascertained and collated facts. CAMERON COUNTY PRESS, THURSDAY, JULY 29, *909- INCOME OR CORPORATION TAX? If the Country Declares for the For mer, Additional Revenue May Not Be Needed. How long will the corporation tax remain on the statute books? The president's recommendation to congress was in obedience to a condi tion, and not to his wishes. Had the coast been clear he would have rec ommended an income tax. He not only believes such a tax constitution al, but incomes a proper source of revenue. And he wants the new tariff bill to make ample provision for the support of the government. Hut he could not afford to ask con gress to buck the supreme court. There stood the adverse decision of the court in the premises, and while Taft the lawyer differed with the court, Taft the president bowed to the tribunal. The only way around was by asking an expression at the polls for a change in the constitution. That the president recommended, and that congress is expected to adopt. We shall witness in the canvass of the states on this subject what is called a great effort. The proposition is comparatively new. Taxing in comes in a time of peace attracted no particular attention when advanced by the Populists, appearing, as the sug gestion did, along with a suggestion about governmental loans to farmers on growing or harvested crops, and on fat cattle. But when the Democrats "lifted" the proposition in 1894 and made it a fea ture of their tariff revision of that year, the country took serious notice; and since then much discussion has played around the subject. It has un doubtedly grown in power, and the friends of the proposition believe it will carry in the coming contest. If it does carry, shall we see its friends move in congress for a substi tution of the income tax for the cor poration tax? It would seem altogeth er likely. The corporation tax is pro posed as an emergency measure in two senses. First the treasury deficit is considered, and then the existing handicap of the supreme court deci sion carried by the income tax. Re move the handicap, and a contest be tween the income tax and the corpora tion tax. should follow. But there is one other matter to be considered. Suppose the customs fea tures of the new iaw prove sufficient in themselves to meet the govern ment's requirements. Suppose it turns out that the corporation tax was not needed and can be dispensed with. Should not the proposition then be, not as to the substitution of the in come tax for the corporation tax, but the simple repeal of the latter, leaving the customs schedules to take care of the revenues? A big treasury surplus is not desirable; and the only strength the corporation tax now possesses is based upon the belief that, despite the opinion and assurances of Mr. Aid rich, the schedules as revised would not raise the money required.—Wash ington Star. No Great Democrats Left. Grover Cleveland is dead. That is very apparent. Controlling votes have been cast by Democrats at the present session of congress against about every principle and policy that Cleve land stood for. Those two great southern Demo crats of full statesmanlike stature, John T. Morgan and Edmund W*. Pet "tus, are dead. L. Q. C. Lamar is dead. William L. Wilson is 'dead; nobody could doubt that at the present mo ment. That fine Missourian of eloquent and human speech, George G. Vest, is dead. John \P. Palmer, Illinois' grand old Democratic patriot, is dead. A. G. rhurman, Ohio's noble Roman, is dead. The crafty but wise Gorman is dead. William E. Russell, the pure and fear less paladin of Massachusetts vic torious young Democracy, before whom the bars of party opposition fell like reeds, is dead. James C. Carter, the peer of the jurists and publicists ol the past, is dead. We shall not extend the sad list. All the great Democrats seem to be dead. What has the party left in congress? j Mainly a pitiful lot of temporizers and demagogues, of assistant apologists I lor the continual surrender of their | own principles. I The ghosts of the greet aw whose | names we have mentioned, or their j painted portraits on 'ho walls, would I be worthier representatives of their | party than they.—New York Mail. German Interest in Our Tariff. I Of course, German as well as Eng j lish and French manufacturers are in terested in American tariff legislation. So is the German government, which always is striving to promote German industry and trade. But there is noth ing to indicate that any foreign man ufacturer or government has over stepped bounds and been guilty of what could properly be called "imper tinent" conduct in connection with I the pending tariff bill. Ir. certainly | was not "impertinent" for the German government to do what it was asked j to do. | The information it transmitted and i which the finance committee -would I have suppressed is to be printed. Then American consumers may be better able to judge whether the proper de gree or protection is being awarded certain domestic manufacturers. That starling Democratic organ of public opinion, the Charleston News and Courier, admits that South Caro | lina tea ne its a little protection; not I much, but just enough. | Mr. Bryan comes right out in eo!d ; print that he "wants no more newspa ! per notoriety." We", good-by, old | man—take care o' yourself. IMPORTANT NEWS NOTES OF A WEEK LATEST HAPPENINGS THE WORLD OVER TOLD IN ITEMIZED FORM. EVENTS HERE AND THERE Condensed Into a Few Lines for the Perusal of the Busy Man— Latest Personal Infor mation. WASHINGTON NEWS. Government statistics show a de crease of 20 per cent, in immigration to the United States for the month of June as compared with May. The house passed the urgency de ficiency bill which includes $25,000 traveling expenses for President Taft. President Taft gave a dinner for the tariff conferees and attempted to break the deadlock into which Sena tor Aldrich and Representative Payne had gotten them. James T. Lloyd of Missouri was elected chairman of the Democratic congressional campaign committee. Government statisticians say divi divi, dragon's blood, leeches, canaries and parrots and other articles in the tariff bill which are subjects for con gressional jests are important to the nation's commerce. A report by government geologists says there will be no coal in 131 years, petroleum will be gone in 30 and iron in the same period, but gold and silver will be plentiful. PERSONAL. Charles W. Eliot, president emeritus of Harvard university, in a Boston ad dress said the twentieth century will bring about a new religiou. William Franklin Willougliby, of Virginia, has been appointed assistant director of the census bureau. Huntington Wilson, assistant secre tary of state, is ill of appendicitis in Washington. President Taft will attend the trans- Mississippi commercial congress in Denver, August 16. The report that the king of Portugal is to wed Princess Alexandra of Eng land was officially denied in London. Judge Joseph R. Clarkson of Keno sha, Wis., who disappeared from Omaha for five months, 18 years ago, is again mysteriously missing. Wayne M. Belvin, a New Yorker who was caught "short" in the wheat corner, was thrown out of the office of James A. Patten in Chicago by the "wheat king's" body guard. GENERAL NEWS. Wisconsin militia was ordered to be ready togo to Kenosha, where three men were shot in a riot of tannery strikers. To protect themselves in the event of the death of E. H. Harriman, in vestors in securities of his railroads took out insurance policies on his life amounting to more than $1,000,000. Three lives were lost when a cloud burst Hooded Duluth, Minn., and caused great damage to property. Capt. Peter C. Hains, slayer of Wil liam E. Annis, since his incarceration in Sing Sing penitentiary, has per fected an invention which will reduce the cost of cleansing city streets. Advices were received in Washing ton that Argentine and Bolivia are en deavoring to settle their differences without going to war. Figureheads that are to be removed from warships of the navy are to be loaned to the states for which the ves sels are named. Reports received in Houston, Tex., said 21 persons had lost their lives, scores were hurt and 13 were missing in the gulf storm. Mrs. Agnes Mayfield was arrested in Chicago on a charge of shooting her mother, Mrs. H. G. Hinkley, following a quarrel over a Mexican mining deal in which they were interested. George Staiger and Harold Hanks, choir hovs of Michigan City, Ind., were drowned in Lake Michigan in the pres ence of their pastor and eight choir boys. The Norwegian steamer Tricolor, which arrived at Vancouver, I?. C., brought the report that 300 persons had been killed by a volcano eruption and earthquake hi Sumatra. Dr. Anna Howard Shaw, ii> a speech in Minneapolis, said women should do police duty and help to light fires if the suffrage movement wins. President T. L. Lewis of the United Mine Workers, has received a tele gram at Wilkesbarre, Pa., announcing that the dispute between the miners and their employers in northern Wyo ming was settled. Wyatt H. Ingram, Jr., was indicted at New Orleans for embezzling SIOO,- 000 from the Hibernian bank of which he was trust officer. When Jikiri, the Moro bandit, was slain by soldiers he had nearly kept his vow to kill 100 men before he died. Following a hot debate over the French naval scandal the Clemenceau cabinet members resigned. The boiler of the tourist steamer Guttenberg, plying the River Rhine, near Rolandseck. blew up, killing a stoker and injuring six of the crew. Passengers escaped unhurt. Rev. Dr. Henry A. lluchtel, former governor of Colorado, declared in a New York interview that "only the dregs of womankind vote in Colorado." Skin from the amputated leg of one patient was grafted on the face of another man in a Portland (Ore.) hos pital. The comptroller of the currency has designated South Omaha as one of the reserve cities for government money. Senator Brown of Nebraska de clared the statement of Justice Brewer of the supreme court concerning an income tax "utterly ridiculous, absurd and senile." Francis .1. Heney, who is in Alaska on the Copper river, says he rendered service to the government for every penny he received as special counsel. An earthquake destroyed much property on the west coast of Su matra last month, causing floods and an eruption of Mount Korintji, 12,400 feet high. Twenty Russian political exiles forced a company of deported Rus sians at East Cape, Siberia, to seize boats for them to escape across Ber ing strait. Galveston, Tex., was saved by the sea wall erected after the disaster in 1900 from a hurricane and tidal wave which caused the deaths of ten per sons on a pier outside the city. Great damage was done and the lives of many persons were in peril when dams 011 rivers in northern Wis consin burst following a hard storm. Indictments charging murder were returned at Watseka, 111, against Mrs. Sayler, Dr. W. R. Miller and John Grunden, held in connection with the slaying of the Crescent City banker. J. 11. Sayler. Application was made in the fed eral court at Indianapolis for an in junction against the strikers at the American Sheet and Tin Plate Com pany's plant in Elwood, Ind. Former President Roosevelt was in peril when attacked by a dozen hippo potami in Lake Naivasha. He killed two of the beasts and drove the others away. Cornelius Shea, leader of the bloody teamsters' strike in Chicago several years ago, was convicted of attempt ing to murder Alice Walsh in New York. Fourteen jackies were taken from the fleet off Provincetown, Mass., to the Charleston navy yard suffering from typhoid fever. Mystery was added to the disap pearance of Judge Clarkson of Ke nosha, Wis., by the discovery that his cfflce had been ransacked by burglars the night before he vanished. Orville Wright attained a speed of 54Vs» miles an hour in his aeroplane at Fort Myef. A report from Gastein, Austria, said 'he health of Edward H. Harriman is much improved and he now gives part of his time to business. Justice Brewer of the supreme court :n a Milwaukee speech expressed dis approval of an income tax and de clared for state rights. A contingent of blue jackets from 150 British warships anchored in the Thames were feasted by tiie lord mayor and the corporation of London. The people gave the sea lighters an enthusiastic reception. lirowndel, Tex., was visited by a .ire and partially destroyed. A large sawmill, together with much lumber, also was burned. Attorneys representing Prince Mi guel and Miss Anita Stewart of New York met in London and arranged for a marriage settlement of $1,000,000 on the prince, who is a son of the pretender to the throne of Portugal. The State bank of Tulare, S. D., was robbed, the safe was blown open and $1,900 was stolen. Orville Wright in a flight lasting one hour, 20 minutes and 45 seconds and covering 70 miles, broke the American record for airship flights. The surgeon-general of the army in Investigating the physical condition of recruits has discovered that the "lazy bug," affects those who enlist from southern states. Witnesses before the grand jury in the Sayler murder case at Watseka, 111., said they saw no ax near the dead banker's body and thus delivered a blow to the self-defense plea of Dr. Miller. The department of commerce and labor at Washington has received ap peals from western farmers for hands to help in the harvest fields. Michael Murphy was arrested in New York when caught in the act of prying open the mouth of a corpse in in undertaking room. The police found sls in the dead man's mouth. Through the efforts of Rev. Father Beczewski the strike of the Standard Steel Car Company's employes at But ler, Pa., was settled. The jury in the case of Ella Gingles, the Irish lace-maker, who has been on trial several weeks in Chicago, re turned a verdict of not guilty but de clared her charges against Agnes liar rette false. Lieut. Robert G. Adams, the first witness called by the court-martial in the second investigation of the dpath of Lieut. Sutton at Annapolis two years ago, admitted he had a ight with Sutton. The Masonic lodge of Jeffersonville, Ind., loses SIOO,OOO by the birth of a child to Mrs. J. F. Deshon, niece of lames A. Holt, who willed the amount to the lodge in the event of no child being born. Strike-breakers on the way to the tin mills at Newcastle, Pa., were at tacked by a mob and in the fight a score of persons were injured. The tariff conferees have accepted the corporation tax amendment as re drafted by Attorney General Wicker sham, the assessment r -.w being one instead of two per cent. Engineers and conductors of the National Railway of Mexico threat ened to walk out in sympathy with the train dispatchers who are on strike. The new International Unions' •Headquarters building, erected in In dianapolis by tlie United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners at a cost ol SIOO,OOO, was dedicated with con siderable ceremony. PLAN TIT WILL HELP FARMERS SMALL BILLS DEMANDED BY BANKS FOR CROP MOV ING PURPOSES. NATIONAL BANKS CAN ASSIST Treasury Department Can Issue New $1 Silver Certificates in Exchange for Silver Certificates of Larger Denominations. Washington, D. C. —The co-opera tion of the national banks with the treasury department in furnishing small bills to meet the demands grow ing out of the movement of the crops in various sections of the country is urged in a statement given out at the treasury department. The relief sought is to have the national bunks issue $5 bank notes to their legal limit in place of the larger denominations and then to exchange their $"«. certifi cates for $1 silver certificates of equal aggregate value. The statement fol lows : "The usual fall demand is being made on the treasury department by the banks for a supply of small bills for crop moving purposes. To meet this demand the treasury can issue new $1 silver certificates in exchange for silver certificates of larger denom inations which are sent to the treasury for that purpose. An unusual supply of small bills has been prepared to meet this season's demand, and the banks can materially assist tiie treas ury by effecting the exchange of their large silver certificates for -smaller bills at an early date, rather than by waiting until the crop moving season actually begins. "It lies within the power of the na tional banks of the country to render further material assistance in this matter. Banks are permitted under the law to take out 33 1-3 per cent of their circulation in $5 bank notes, or about $200,000,000. They have availed themselves of this privilege only to the extent of 19 per cent, or about 000,000; therefore the national banks could, if they desired, increase their supply of s.j bank notes by $94,000,000. "In some instances it would involve the banks in the small expense and trouble of having plates engraved for $5 bank notes. But the banks would undoubtedly incur this expense and trouble if they fully understood how much it lies in their power to relieve the scarcity of $1 bills. For if the banks were to issue as many s."i bank notes as they can legally do instead of issuing larger demonination3. it would supply the banks with $5 bank notes and enable them to send to the treas ury their $5 silver certificates to be exchanged for $1 silver certificates. As in the case of money forwarded for redemption, the banks can effect these exchanges at no other cost than the express charges at government con tract rates." BREADSTUFF PRICES EASIER Larger Demand for Money for Crop- Moving Purposes—Good Distri bution at Retail. New York City.—Bradstreet's says: Improvment in the crops, rather better advices as to ultimate out come of the leading cereals, easing in prices of breadstuffs, consequent thereon or because of larger wheat crop movement, a good distribution at retail under the stimulus of clearance sales and a slight enlargement of fall trade with jobbers and wholesalers are the leading features this week. Connected therewith in some degree are the advices from leading indus tris of enlargement of output, of a continuance ol' the upward tendency in values of manufactured goods, a larger demand for money for crop moving purposes, and a perceptible increase in tlie friction visible be tween employers and employes in a number of lines. This latter is a nat ural phenomena of the industrial sit uation. TWO DEAD AMD TWO INJURED Cloudburst Deiuged Two Mile Canyon, North of Boulder, Col. —Vic- tims Were Picnickers. Boulder, Col.-Two are dead and two seriously injured as the re sult of a cloudburst that deluged Two Mile Canyon north of Boulder. The dead are Wery Verne Carlisle, 13, Boulder, and Arthur Dickerson, 25, of Greely. The seriously injured are Mrs. Abbott, Garden City, Kan., and Miss Bristow of the University of Col orado. The victims were members of a pic nic party. When the rain began to fall the party sought shelter under a huge boulder. Presently a torrent two feet in depth swept down the canyon. The walls of the canyon were precipi tous and it was with great difficulty that they found places of safety. Presidential Nominations Confirmed. Washington, D. C.—ln a brief ex ecutive session of the senate a large number of presidential nominations were confirmed including that of Charles R. Crane to be minister to Cuba. Death of Financial Editor. New York City.- W. Newton Sharp, for l!l years financial editor of the Evening Sun, is dead here. His body will be taken for burial to Nor folk, Va.. where he was born i.'i the year 1865.