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A.lverti$injj Itixteis. Tbe larreand relm le circulation el theUaw itii KaiEHAB eon tne mil it to tne favor b -onslderation of advc rtlaera whose larora will t-e aserted at tbe follow -ng low rates: 1 Inch. S tfmee. ...... ........... ......... .-9 1-C llnch,S months. ................ ........... XA 1 Inch, 6 anontbs... ...... ..... SA 1 mm I ye r .to 3 Inches. months....... ......... .......... 64 S Inches, 1 year 10.1 C S Inches. months S.C-e S Inches. I year 1X.0O 4 eolnmn, months.. ...... 10.00 column. 6 montha. .................. ...... au.OO ? column. I year S9.M 1 column, months............... ao.M 1 column, 1 jear.... ........... .......... Tt.00 Business Items, nrrt Insertion, 10c. per line rubeeqnent Insertions, ac, pec lne Administrator's and Ijecutor'i Notices. .91 Auditor's Notices . ...... ZM Stray and similar Notices............... X uO ArKe'lutKna or irocee41nan ol any eortK-ra- tlon or society and communications deimd te call attention to any matter ol limited or indl Tidual interest most he paid tor as adrertismenta. Mock and Job Print da of all kinds neatly and exelousiy excuted at the lowest price. And don'tjou forget It. Cambria Freeman Is pnklUkfd Wkly at SBrRC rAJIBRIA CO., PESSi., UY J ABES U. HAS0, 8,nntel Circulation, - 1,200 (tnburrlpllon Rates. f.ry. 1 vear.casb in advance 1 Ui do do It not paid wltbtn 3 tuonibs. 1.7& do do QU II UVt (IVI'J NHlflU O U1UUIUB do It nut paid within the year.. a-ii a-To persona residing outlde of the county "oU additional per jear will be charged to JJ pMtae. ..3 no event will toe abort terms be de trom. and those wbo don I eonsnlt tnelr inTnteresis by paying In advance most not ex t to be ilaced on tbe same footlnic as tbose wbo tin, fact te distinctly understood froc JAS. C. HASSON. Editor arc; Proprietor. BK IS A 7RKKMAN WHOM TEE TBSTH MAKKS FBKS AND ALL ABB SLAVES BBSIDK. 81.50 and postage per year In advance. time rorwara .-pav for your paper before yon stop It, If stoj I TTy XT A n? ""VT"V"T""V7" ...oaaust None but scalawag do otnerwise. , V' II IJ XJlj V 1 . t a scaiawan Hie is too abort. EBENSBTJ11G, PA., OCTOBER 11, 1895. NI7MBEH40. M DIRT DEFIES THE IS GREATER THAN JOB .- PRINTING. TIIE FREEMAN Printing Office Is the place to eet your JOB PRINTING Piomptly and satisfactorily executed. We will meet tbe prices of altl honoraole coiupetion. We don't do any but tirst-cliss woik and want a living price for it. With Fast Presses ani New Type We are prepared to turn out J't Printing o every rliscription Id the FINEST STYLE and at the very Lowest Cash Prices. nttiijg out the best material H used aod our work epp aks for itself. We are pre pared to print on the shortes; notice Posters, Programmes, Bi sinews Cards. Taos. Rill FIeads, Monthly Statements. Envelopes, Labels. Circulars. Wedding and Vimting Cards. Checks. Notes, Drafts. Receipts. Bond Work, Letter and Note Heads, and Hop and Partt Invitations Etc. o We ran print anything from tbe eoiallest and neatest Vi-iting Card to the lamest Poster on short notice and at the most Reasonable Rates. -e- The Cambria Freeman EBENSBUKG. PENX'A. An of en titter to women. No. I. I-aurel Ave., San Francisco, May 1 8, 1S92. " Dear friend of women : " When my baby was born, five years ago, I got up in six days. Far too soon. Result: failing of the womb. Ever sinca I've been miserable. " I tried everything : doctors, medicines, apparatus ; but grew wo.se. "I could hardly stand; and walking without support was Impossible. "At last I saw an advertise ment of Lydja E. rinkham' Vcf table Confound, and de cided to try it. The effect was astonishing. Since I took the first bottle ray womb has not troubled me, and, thanks only to you, I am now well. Every sariering woman should know how reliable your compound is. It b a sure cure." Mrs.A.Detwiler. :in,tjlK mf H ran fcy u-a... in form of Piu. AT (n. on rm:pt of M 1 . tomapwftilit fWf .y u. nrxl AUirwrn la eonfl--. I iha IV P1S3- Vrwu Co, LTa, ILua. lm rjm. M. HALLS m The gTeat popularity of this prpparntion. af'r iu test of many years, should be aa a.ur:nT, even to the mot skeptical, that ft t.- rUT raeritoriou!. Thot who have cri Hall's Hair Kexiewu know that tl li ail that U claimed. U caus new prowth of hatr on bald kea.!s j.roid"d the hair folliclea are not whi.-h la seldom the cs--: restore EAtural rulur to pray or faded hair; pre err Pi the scalp healthful and clear of dandruff; prevent the hair falling off or ehunjin color; keepa U Boft, pliant, lu tru. and cauaea ft to crow long and tfci.-k. Hall's II a in TtFrrrwmn produce tt ?i-cU by the healthful Influence of Its triable tntrredienta, whl. h Invigorate aa-1 rejuvenate. It h not a dve, and la a ie!U;Ltful article for toilet use. Con taining no alcohol, lt doe not evap orate quick !v and drr up the natural oil. tavjnz the 'hair harsh and brittle, a d Uier preparations. Buckingham's Dy WHISKERS Colort them brown or black, aa desired, and ts the bet dye, because lt la harmlesa ; prc-lucta a permanent natural color; and, l!n a ln-le preparation, la more con 'uuent of application than any other. PaBPAKBS ST ft. P. HALL. & CO, aahna, H. H. UiA by U Dwltn la Madidafc. otii1,g a a Jsititsfv ron cT (aa. a torn. r H3.1y " . Known Thai I. ..la. i 1 '21 . ' wvpiBwrin aiway. p.rrrr. w hi Vr " Jifrrirwed Afrnti 4Mklf Ibeir T",e imrmwmr-- Now ue umf to Lrt. ELLWANGER&. BARRY, "I. ! RirwrkA, Katkcricr, R. V. cancer;- am Tnaon CCRTO buu frw. 1t (ibTWl a m uliTMl a IMM I J 10 rppn?nt th Mow CotD4-t- .Nurvrva ln AuTica. NiK t wnlHv 4wivt-rt.sl tifty- 1 And Hbtkwi trv fVfrv ti-Hiita-r KING." THEN ROYALTY ITSELF. nevar wants ts l&arn, but the reads that OLiD Honesty CHEWING TOBACCO is the best that is made, and at ONOE tries it. and eaves money and secures more satisfaction than ever before. A.VOID imitations. Insist on having the genuine. If your dealer hasxrt it ask him to get it for yoia. JSO. raZER & BROS., lonfelUtoi Constipation Demands prompt treatment. The re ulta of neglect may be serious. Avoid all harsh and drastic purgatives, the tendency of which is to weaken the bowels. The best remedy la Ayer Pills. Et-ing purely vegetable, their action is prompt and their effect always beneficial. They aro an admirable Liver and After-dinner pill, and every where endorsed by the profession. y " Ayer's Tills are highly and univer sally "spoken of by the people about liere. I make daily use of them in my practice." lr. I. E. Fowler, Bridge Iurt, Conn. " I can Tecommend Ayer's Pilla above all others, bavins long proved their value as a cathartic for mvself and family." J. T. Hess, LeithsvlUe, Pa. " For neveral years Ayer's Pills have been used in my family. We find them an Effective Remedy for constipation and indipestion, and ar never without them in the house." Moses Grenicr, Lowell, Mass. " I have nsed Ayer's Pills, for liver troubles and indigestion, during many years, and have always found them L- rompt and etticient in their action." b Smith, Utka, . Y. " I pnffered from constipation which assumed such an -ltinate form that I feared it would cause a stoppage of the Vowels. Two lxxes of Ayer's Pills ef fected a complete cure." D. Burke, aco. Me. " I have used Ayer's Pills for the past thirty ye:ir and consider tlieui au in valuable family medicine. I know of Bo letter remedy fr liver troubles, aud have always f;und them a prompt cure fr-r djsM w.ia." James (juinn, 90 Middle st. Hartford. O-nu. "Havins lwn troubled with eostive ness. which Kei-ms inevitable with per sons ol sedentary habits, I have tried Ayer's Pills, hoping for relief. I am piad to sa tlit thev have served me better than any otlier medicine. I arrive at tins conclusion only after a faithful trial f their merits." Samuel T. Jones, Oak St., tfosum. Mass. Ayer's Pills, PREPARED T Dr. J. C. Ayer Sl Co.. Lowell. Maat . Bold br all IJealera In MedlclM. PI X KOLA : CPiKAM : BALSAM f Ti:-nt lor ! throat I ill ruination and for H -1 f i III . , . on r u m Uvea w.ll lnar:a'iy oertve oenent rrora ti. ue. a. ft quickly (at the mutcn. entiers epeet-ra-.on ear. ai.-tlug nature In restoring waBted tlstnea Thera I- a I a nee per eent-uce of those who Ulu-e tl-eir eases tu be eon.-nmption who are onlr saner t ti fmm . ehrinle coi-i cr deep reae muth. oiieu anaravaled by ..v. - . nu y.i v iitsiib Halm. Both remedie plevant tngie. Oream Halm, rj .... ..... bi. ia Walr vrw Al lrurirlBtA. In .uantitie ol 50 will dell er on receipt o I aa-uary ,KOTHKKS 64, WarTen St , New York nov.los4iy. Steei Picket Fence. CHEAPER . THAN I WOOD A . . Tfc Akor Rt Am Plit rm via Odt. fTala a at a rttwl fM bt iwi lro w Vwl rtA VV vrftlng fbr " Qamuty. Vumter t Gu.1, Drtl aa4 Slufl. WAiitAd. tAiI.,r.Wy Iro fnrut CnmUmt SiaMa rUtlne. Pir lkum u4 rikl ls"irls. Oliu Owe. 4 a!l,n. Jrt Orllls. W1BB ' UE AJi 1 iiKi tai"-s. aaa AiikiA..r'iBa won. . TAYLOR 4. DEAN. M. 203 20S MarkatSU Pitt ism aa. Ta. mch 'Jf-tiM Mist !?lllf THE FAULT OF THE AGE. The fault of tbe age Is a mad endeavor To leap to heights that were made to climb; By a burst of strength or a thought that la cW.ver We plan to outwit and forestall Time. We scorn to wait for the thin? worth having: We want hich noon at the day's Ulra dawn; We rind no pleasure in toiling and saving As our forefathers did in the good times gone. We force our roses before their season To bloom anl Mossom that we may wear; And then we wonder and ask the reason Why perfect buds are so few and rare We crave the gain, but despise the getting: We w int wealth, not as reward, but dower; And the strength that Is wasted In useless ffefiirig Would .ell a forest or build a tower. To covet the prize, yet shrink from the win ning: To thirst for glory, yet fear the fight Wny. what can it lead to at last but sinning. To mental languor and moral blight? Belter the old alow way of striving. " And counting small gains when the year ia done. Than io use our forces all in contriving. And to grasp for pleasures we h:ivo not won. Ella Wheeler Wilcox, in Woman's Journal A BICYCLE CHASE. BY MRS. M. I KAVNK. Milo Warren was tuakin? a call on a q-irl to whom he was fomlly attached, ulthoujrh he hal never told her so. Hut tliis was a cast- where actions spvak louder than words, and leave n jrirl alone for finding out if a younff man repards her wit'i favor. Ever rirl is clairvoyant where affairs of the heart are concerned. They were talking aboot their birth days, and the pleasant custom of giving presents at such a time. "Let me see," said Milo, thoughtful ly, "did you say your birthday came in September, Miss Nellie?" "1 didn't say," remarked Miss Nellie, demurely. "Then it was December, wasn't it? Some lucky fellow will be giving you a diamond, perhaps!" "Or a souvenir spoon," laughed Nel lie; "you know they made jewel-spoons for birthday gifts, but all the girls changed their birthdays to Decemlier, and the 3-oungmen could not stand the expense, and they sent a petition to the manufacturers, asking them to dis continue the custom, so no more spoons are in the market." "1 I 1 really wish you would tell me when your natal day arrives. 1 ruijjht at least send you a 'bunch of roses, in remembrnnce. of all the the happy days we have spent together. Is it this month. Miss Nellie?" "You remind me of the parlor game: Is it this? Is it that?'" said Muss Nellie, aud then fearing that the young man was becoming sentimental she turned the conversation to other subjects. ISut the nest day Milo Warren dropped casually into the store where Miss Nellie Newton's bst brother was engaged as bookkeeper, and inquired solemnly at the grated window, which permitted a segment of his countenance to aptear, if that voung man wouid take luncn with him. "Certainly," was the brusque reply frotn a rn mt'.i lull of pens; "I'll meet tiiue at l'ail.ppi I mean at Hunger .X. v.'i's i.i a:i h-ur." Ho was there, anil at the pleasint spread u' good tilings provided Milo arrcn propounded this coouiLlriiui: "If you like a girl awfully, but have.i't told her so, and you think she may In? lilies you awfully no, I don't mean that but if that girl has a birth day, and yoa want to m.ike her a pres ent, and she won't tell you when it i the birth lay. you know oh. h:mg 11 all, I'm jverlastiuyly mixed up. Can't you help a fellow out?" Lyman Newton laid aside his knife and fork, and looking Milo in the lace asked, seriously: -Any-insanity in your family, Milo?" "None that I ever heard of outside of my own case," was the depressed an swer. "Iledncing your heroics to a plain statement, then, you want to give a girl of your acquaintance a birthday present-" "Exactby." "Is she an Old Woman?" "What do you mean?" roared War ren, turning red. "I'll thank you to srx-ak with respect of my freinds Je sides I " "Oh, no harm done; don't get rile.l so easilv. 1 wanted to know if she le longed to the past age or the present. I take it, then, tha t she's a New Worn an?" "1 understand now. Yes I believe she has advanced opinions, but she isn't one of those dreadful creatures that advocate the wearing of bloomers. Nellie is the soul of womanly modesty, and" "Neliie? Do I know thi3 bright par ticular star?" " hy, of course you do I quite for got she's your own sister!" "Well, I iiUo that! And you want to make her a birthday present and don't know the day. Sorry, old fellow, but 1 can't help you out. Nellie would take iny head iiT if 1 told." That ended the lunch, but an unfore seen tiling happened. Just :i.s Milo arreit left his company at the corner he saw an urchin he kn.-w. It was t.ic inlliction known as Nellie's youngest brother, age seven, capacity for mis chief seven times seven, precocity un limited by any period of time. Milo, with malice prepense, engaged the dear child in a surfeit of sweets, and then asked, as if the idea was not of the least consequence and had just occurred to him: "When does Sister Nellie have a birthday?" The dear child looked at him. for a moment, drew his mouth round under his ear, elevated both eyebrows, and said, in a confiding, infantile voice: "What'll yer give ter know?" Advantageous terms being made, the boy puckered his mouth for a whistle, thought better of it and gave the fol lowing Saturday as his sister's birth day. "An if yer want to make yourself solid see just send her a real btunner of a bike." "What! A bicycle? Does she ride?" "How kin she? I reckon she kin learn, mister. You just send that bike there ain't nothin Nell wants wuss nor that." With this advice, and being sworn to secrecy, the small terror bowled him self off. It gave Milo Warren something to do to purchase that bicycle and have it delivered to Miss Nellie an her birth day in an anonymous manner. He ex pected it back every hour for about a week, but it did not come, and he felt safe. The small brother- had not be trayed him after alL But after a little he began to wish he had, for Miss Nellie had evidently mounted that bicycle and ridden out of his life. He called, but she was out on her bicycle, no matter what the hour was. noon or night, and he got himself run over on the street and knocked down daily by dashing out from sidewalk corners to see who the rider was, and getting hurt for his pains. When he could stand it no longer he came to a sudden resolve he wou'.l buy a bicycle for himself, and perhaps be able to find Nellie. And now began an exciting chase for life and liberty, for at one moment the amateur bicyclist was under the feet of a trampling horse, the next he was running over a wrathy pedestrian, and he usually ended his experiences by picking up his frisky steed and carry ing it to the shop for repairs. And all this time he never caught a glimpse of Nellie, but he was inclined to think he divined the cause. Judg ing from his own experience in learn ing to ride a bicycle, Nellie might be exercising her t,wn fractious acquisi tion on some remote roadway outside the city limits or, dreadful thought, might even be laid up herself for re pairs. He called on the bookkeeper brother, but found him busy and non committal. So he waited and tried to possess his soul with patience, and learn to ride a bicycle without the zig zag motion that had endangered the lives of the populace and nearly caused his arrest by the police. Then he made the discovery that if he gave his wheel its head, it would behave much better than when he guided it carefully, to the end that it traversed both sides of the street at once. After acting like a thing pos sessed it learned to behave, and he found himself skimming along like a bird on the wing, with an exultant sense of freedom and delight, and he longed to see Nellie and tell her what he had been trj-ing to say for months that he loved her. And at that moment there whizzed past him a vision in bloomers, one of those dreadful new women of whom he had heard, and now was to see. He almost felt that it was disloyalty to gentle little Nellie to even look at such an apparition; but somehow she looked so quaint in her saucy jacket and laggy trousers, her neatly gaitered feet were so pert and independent, that Milo looked and looked again, then he gave a great whooo. and took after the flying wheel like a streak of lightning. His confidence stood him instead of skill. lie went spinning along in fine style until he reached a parallel with the girl with bhximers, then he leaned over to speak to her, toppled and fell in a heap, but not before he had gasped: fNellie!" That young lady skillfully eluded the wreck, made a fancy run and turn, and as Milo gathered himself up, said, pleasantly: ! Why, Mr. Warren, I didn't know that you rode a wheel." "I ilon't," said the young man, rue fully, feeling of hiselbow to determine whether it was dislocated or merely abraded, "but you, Miss Nellie, are quite an expert." Miss Nellie murmured something about the wheel Wing a present from her brother, and that she had not cared to ride, but did just to please him. "IJut "you ought to see my little brother ride," she said, with enthusi asm; "he rides the wheel when I am not using it, and he makes it spin. W hy, he rides standing up, and I'm so afraid something will happen to him." Mil was walking along, leading his wheel, as if he preferred that way, and Miss Nellie gave him several exhibi tions of her skill, and each moment made a stronger and more lasting im pression on the poor fellow's heart. lluteven bicycle courtship comes to an end, and they were at Nellie's home, and he must leave her, unless he asked for a glass of water, and liefore it was brought he sat down with the wheel on the sidewalk. It was a sudden and most effective stroke of art. Nellie cried aud asked if he was killed anywhere; Mrs. New ton brought camphor; they got him into the house, and then he was able to speak, and said what was true enough that he had lost his head for a mo ment. The two most expert cyclists on the avenue are Milo and Nellie- You will recognize her by her brown bloomer suit, which is much admired, and he by the glad smile which mantles his expressive countenance. Nellie knows now who gave her the wheel, and Milo has had another example of the total depravity of the small brother. Nellie's birthday comes in January, but to expedite matters the imp changed it to July. However, all's well that " ends well. Detroit Free Press. Khole iAlnnit reruliarltle. It is not necessary to go to the far south or west, says the Uoston Uudget, to find provincial customs or hear in culiar dialect. There are some very primitive people not further olT than the Rhode Island liorder of Connecti cut. In this thin line of little villages the grave-faced men and women still live as simply and take life as serious ly as a Massachusetts I'uritan. They solemnly make two strangers known to each other by "Mr. Smith, here's Mr. Ilrown to you." '"Mr. Brown, here's Mr. Smith at you." They confess to an interrupted state of good health by saying they "Feel mauga the day;" to a contrary state of well being by: "I am feeliifg kidge the day." The Saun terer finds mauga good Shakespeare, but "kidge" is as yet beyond him. Medlrml Infallibility. Dr. A claims to be an adept in the art of diagnosis. On being called to see a lady, directly he had been ad mitted he remarked, with a knowing smile: 'I sec what your complaint is. You are suffering from a disordered stom ach an J nervous spasms." "Sir!" "Let me finish; your temperament is somewhat exacting " Here the lady interrupted him: "Why, it is not 'myself who is ill; it is my uncle." The doctor, quite unabashed: "I sus pected as much!" Le Naiu Ja,une. INTELLIGENCE OF HORSES. Many Are of the Opinion That a Hone May Wfrp. Do horses weep? is a question dis cussed by the Admiralty and Horse Cuards llazette. It tells us that there is a. well-authenticated case of a horse weeping during the Crimean war. On the advance to the heights of Alma, a battery of artillery became exposed to the fire of a concealed Russian battery, and in the course of a few minutes it was nearly destroyed, men and horses killed and wounded, guns dismounted and limbers broken; a solitary horse, which had apparently escaped unhurt, was observed standing with fixed gaze upon an object close ln'side .him; this turned out to be his late master, quite dead. The poor animal, when a trooper was dispatched to recover him, was found with copious tears flowing from his eyes; and it was only by main force that he could be dragged away from the spot, aud his unearthly cries to get back to his master were heartrending. Apropos of the intense love that cavalry horses have for music, a correspondent of the Gazette writes that when the Sixth dragoons recently changed their quarters a mare belonging to one of the troopers was taken so ill as to be unable to proceed on the journey the following morning. Two days later another detachment of the same regi ment, accompanied by the band, ar rived. The sick mare was in a loose Imjx, and, making her way through the shop of a tradesman, took her place iu the troop Ik-fore she was secured and brought back to the stable. Uut the ex citv ment had proved too great, and the subsequent exhaustion proved fatal. HONOR AS COLLATERAL. A Loan Hchrnie Wuirh Proved wk Flat Failure. Loans without security are a bait which usurers often hold out to the un wary, says the Iondon Daily Tele graph, but a certain Lucour thought it might le made still more tempting by advertising that people could pledge their honor for a sulct ant ial monetary advance. Houor is inexhaustible, espe cially when it can be turned into hard cash, so the scheme bade fair to suc ceed. l!ut on the face of it as a com mercial speculation it was a poor in vestment. Its philanthropy was its chief recommendation, and therefore its author, a chemist's assistant former ly, with two companions, felt emliold ened to imitate Mme. Eugenie UuiTct. and sing in the streets to invite the charitable public to contribute to the New Students Friendly society, as the' called their philanthropic loan ofiiee. The trio selected the Normandy coast resorts for their tour, and duly adver tised their philanthropic motives in the local press. But unfortunately M. La cour preached without practicing. He had himself contracted a mimlicr of little debts on the strength of his honor, aud his creditors were not' quite satis fied with the value of that security, and when recently he liorrowed from a friend a bicycle,- which he at once handed over to a cafe keeper who was dunning him lor money, the bicyclist took an unkind view of the transac tion, and lodged a complaint with the police, with the result that the latter day philanthropist was placed in safe custody to meditate upon the worth lessiicss of honor in Worldly transac tions. MODIFICATIONS OF SHEEP. An Animal .Xhitt Would Not Survive Man's Kxt loot ion. The sheep has undergone more modi fications at the hands of man than any other animal. All the rest of our domestic animals have proved their capacity to reassume the habits ol their wild -ancestors, but no ome tinned sheep has taken to a life of in dependence. This, writes Dr. Louis Robinson in North American Review, is at first surprising, Itecause many kinds, such as the Scotch mountain sheep, and those upon the high laud;; of Chili and I 'at agon ia. manage to live an 1 thrive with very little ai-1 froi.i their masters. Yet it is found that even the hardy pampas sheep cannot hold his own when that aid is wanting. If man were to lecoiae extinct i.i South America, the sheep would noi survive him half a dozen years. There are three chief reasons for this and all of them are of peculiar interest. In the first place, the siuvp is. as a rule, a timid aud defenseless animal, and at the same time is neither s if t nor cunning. It falls an easy prey to the meanest of the wolf trilie. A single coyote or a fox terrier dog could de stroy a thousand in a few days. Then it Ls found that the young lambs and their mothers require especial care and nursing. If they do not get it at the critical time, the- flock owner will l;se them by the hundred. It is a common thing in the Southdowns for tiie shepherd not to leave his flock day or night during the whole htmbing sea son. Lastly, scarcely any modern sheep shed their wool naturally, ia the same way that the horse sheds its thick winter coat. NEVER GROW OLD. I art of the rtiynical SjKtem Which Never Wear Out. In his work on the senile heart Ir. Balfour tells us that there are two parts of the human organism which, if wisely used, "largely escape senile failure." These two, says the Medical Record, are the brain and the heart. Persons who think have often wondered why brain workers, great statesmen and others, should continue to work with almost unimpaired mental activity and energy up to a period when most of the organs and functions of the body are in a condition of advanced senile decay. There is a physiological reason for this, and Dr. Balfour tells us what it is. The normal brain, he afiirms,"remains vigor ous to tiie last," and that "lieeause its nutrition is especially provided for." About middle life, or a little later, the general arteries of the liody begin to lose their elasticity and to slowly but surely dilate. They become, therefore, much less efficient carriers of the nu timent blood to the capillary areas. But thus is not the case with the in ternal carotids, which supply the cap illary areas of the brain. On the con trary, these large vessels, "continue to retain their pristine elasticity, so that the blood pressure remains normally higher than within the capillary area of any other organ in the body. The cerebral - blood paths being thus kept open, the brain tissue is kept better nourished than the other tissues of the j body." L CHARACTER OF ISABELLA. The Beautiful t'onaort of Ferdinand Wbo Helped Colombo. Isabella was a lady, she was a qneen, and, above all she was an autocrat. Gracious and gentle in her manner, says R. Ulick Burke's "A History of Spain," she brooked no opposition from prince or peer, and she soon made it known and felt throughout Spain that, although she was the daughter of John II. and the sister of Henry IV.. her will was law in Castile. Beautiful, virtuous, discreet, with that highest ex pression of proud dignity that is seen in a peculiar simplicity of manner, with a hard heart and a fair eoutenanee, an inflexible will, and a mild manner something of a formalist, more of a bigot IsalH-lla united much that was characteristic of old Castile with not a little that was characteristic of new Spain. And if her boldness was in herited from the Cid, her bigotry was bequeathed to l'hilip II. No man can read the history of the times without Wing struck by the enor mous personal influence of Isabella. An accomplished horsewoman, a tireless traveler, indefatigable in her attention to business of state, the queen with her court moved about from place to place, swift to punish crime and to encourage virt ue, boldly composing the differences and compelling the submission of rival nobles, frowning upon the laxity of the clergy, denouncing the heresy of the people and laying a heavy hand upon enemies of every degree and evildocrsof every class. In Andalusia the unaccus tomed and unexpected presence of the sovereign was everywhere productive of peace and order. Even in the remotest districts of Galieia the royal jower was felt. Over fifty fortresses, the strong hold of knightly roblers, were razed to the ground, and one thousand five hun dred noble highwaymen were forced to fly the kingdom. COTTON MILLS IN JAPAN. The Industry Ha lirvwn Rapidly In tbf Mlkado'a Realm. Cotton manufacturing in Japan is the growth of the lat fifteen years. Not a cotton mill, with one exception, of those now in operation was in opera tion prior to lsso, says the Industrial Record. There is now running in Kagoshima a mill of 3.0:5U spindles that has lieen in operation since 1ST.5. In ISsO and an era of cotton manufac turing was inaugurated by the erection of 14.O0O to 15.000 spindle mills. In lss2 a 61,200-spindle mill was put up at Osaka. The mill in the largest ever erected in Japan. There are two 30.000 spiudles, one at Tokio and the other at Osaka. The latter location is the prin cipal manufacturing eei-ter in the em pire. Nearly, if not- fully, one-half of the cotton spindles are to be found there. The cotton mills at Osaka are reported as paying average annual div idends of 18 per cent., the highest havinp been 23 per cent, and the lowest 8 per cent. Not more than about ten years ago the iieople depended almost wholly upon foreign products of factory-jnade cotton fabrics, while now not over a fourth of this demand comes from for eign sources. The Cotton Spinners association of Japan is the most reliable source of information, and that placed the number of spindles in lS94at 3s5.2)5, yet the Yokohama chamler of com merce placed the numlier in 1VJ3 at about 600.000. Between these two au thorities we put our estimate of 500.000 spindles. The cotton mills of Japan will never be able to spin from the na tive cotton very fine yarn. The cotton is not suitable for anything but for Uie spinning of coarse yarns. FOUND IN FOREIGN LANDS. Lonpom has an area of 121 square miles. Germany has now an English paper published at Frankfort-am-Main called the English Mail. Wokk has been provided for the un employed for the last five years in forty-nine large towns in France. Switzerland grants one divorce to every twenty-two marriages as com pared with one to 132 in Holland, and one to 577 in England. TRrxK wires to connect London by telephone with Edinburgh. Glasgow and Dublin have just been erected by the British post office. A rrm.ic bath-house has just leen opened at Turin, where a hot and cold bath, in a private room, can be had for three cents, from 5 a. m. to 8 p. m. Divorces have leen legal in France for the past eight years. In the first year 1,700 were granted; in the se-ond, 4.000; in 1VJ4, 8.000. The total for eight years was over 40.000. Berlin is going to celebrate the hundredth anniversary of the system of numWriug houses, which began there in 1795. Vienna followed in 1803 and Paris in 1805. The healthiest spot in the world ap pears to be a little hamlet in France, named Aumone. There are only forty inhabitants, twenty-three of whom are eighty years of age and one is over one hundred. Walntt shells are in demand in London for the purpose of adulterating ground cinnamon, and bring more than whole walnuts. The powdered shells are not distinguishable unless the mi croscopic examination is an unusually careful one. GATHERED FROM THE RAILS. The average life of a locomotive is 15 years, and its earning capacity $ 300, 000. The Baltimore ,t Ohio is the oldest chartered railroad in America, and the oldest passenger railroad in the world. Five saloons in Chicago, near the Nickel Plate shops, have gone out of business since the order went into ef fect forbidding employes to visit such places. It is reported that two memliers of the Colorado legislature have been de tected in renting their annual passes over the Denver Rio Grande railway at 15 a month. A MVHiEXD of li1 per cent, was paid last year by the French Nord rail road, probably the most profitable rail road in Europe. Its net revenue for 18I4 was ls.sv;,2r5 on an outlay of capital of S3lr2,8O4,540. It works 2,31 IX miles of road. Referring to the restaurant plan on dining cars in place of the method of charging a fixed price for a meal. Gen eral Passenger Agent D. G. Edwards, of the Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton, Ls quoted as saying that the change is saving that road and the Monon f .'oo a month. A TRICKY MEMORY. A Ken-Mlndd Man Whoa Recollection Waa at Fault. It would afford material for an entire paper to study defects of memory and to describe some of the curiosities of thinking whieh result from such de fects. A writer in Popular Science Monthly says that he saw lately a busi ness man of keen mind and good gen eral memory, who was not paralyzed in any way and was perfectly able to understand and talk, but who had sud denly lost part of his power of reading and of mathematical calculation. The letters d, g. q. x and y, though seen perfectly, were no longer recog nized and conveyed no more idea to him than Chinese characters would to us. He had great difficulty in reading had to spell out all words and could not read words containing three let ters. He could write the letters which he could read, but could not write the five letters mentioned. He could read and write some numbers, but 6. 7 and 8 had been lost to him, and when asked to write them his only result, after many attempts, was to begin to write the words six, seven or eight, not leing able to finish these, as the first and last contained letters x and g which he did not know. He could not add 7 and 5 together or any two numbers of which 6, 7 or 8 formed a part, for he could not call them to his mind. Other numbers he knew well. He could no longer tell time by the watch. For a week after the onset of the dis ease he did not recognize his surround ings. On going out for the first time the streets of the city no longer seemed familiar; on coming back he did not know his own house. After a few weeks, however, all his memories had returned excepting those of the let ters and figures named. But as the loss of these put a stop to his reading and to all his business life the small de fect of memory was to him a serious thing. Experience has shown that such a defect is due to a small area of disease in one part of the brain. Such cases are not uncommon and illustrate the separateness of our various memories and their dependence upon a sound brain. FUTURE OF THE HORSE. laea to Which the Animal Will Always lie Turned. When railroads were first put in op- I eration 11 was preuicieu mat mere would be a great fall in the value of horses, a deterioration of horse flesh, and finally that the animals would soon U-cirae curiosities on the way towards extinction. Of course, says the Boston Transcript, everylody knows that nothing of the kind hap pened. Horses increased in number, value and quality. The business the railroads developed all along their lines occasioned a demand for more and letter horses. Just at present the popularity of tne bicycle and the appli cation of electricity to transportation are causing some people to repeat the predictions of titty years ago concern ing the horse. It is even said that the horse in the near future will be raised simply for slaughter for food. If the horse could learn of this prediction his intelligence and his sense of his valu would prevent him from taking it seriously. He might ask: What good is the electric car off the rails? How dews a bicycle act on plowed ground, and what can it draw without the as sistance of human energy? If horses become very cheap will not more peo ple buy them, and will not the aggre gate of individual wants occasion a great demand that will send up prices? The intelligent horse asking these questions could well afford to munch his oats calmly while the alarmists were cogitating as to what reply was possible. ENORMOUS HEAT. A Figure Which Irmont ratea the Power of the Sun. There is not more than one person in each ten thousand who has anything like the correct idea what an icicle forty-five miles in diameter and two hundred thousand in length would !k like. It is also true, says the St. Louis Republic, that there is no necessity for one Wing provided with a mind that would enable liim to fi.rm a correct conception of such a gigantic cylinder of ice, for there is 110 prolabiiity that anvone will ever live to see an icicle even half so large, yet it is interesting to know that Sir John Herschel, the great astronomer, used such an illus tration in one of bus articles on the in tensity of the sun's heat. After giving the diameter of the great blazing orb. and a calculation on the amount of heat radiated by each square foot of its immense surface, he clscd by saying that if it were possible for an icicle forty-five miles in diameter and two hundred thousand miles long to plunze into the sun's great burning sea of gas it would be melted away and utterly consumed even to its vapor, in less than one second of time. Such an icicle would contain more ice than has formed on the rivers and lakes of the I'uited States during the past one hundred years; its base would cover the average Missouri country and its length would be almost sufficient to reach to the moon. FOREIGNERS IN AMERICA. The western states, considered as a whole, have twenty-two per cenL of foreigners among their population. Or the potential voting strength of this country 12.000.000 are of native and 4.000.000 of foreign birth. Pennsylvania, and Illinois have from fifteen to twenty-five foreigners to each square mile of area. Over ninety-six per cent, of the im migrants who come to this country set tle in the north, west and northwesL The percentage of foreign to native population in 1850 was nine per cent.; in 1890 it had increased to fourteen per cent. Not at Losluh a lie Waa, He regarded himself as very EnglLsh, and he certainly was very young. He fancied that he cut a very imposing figure as he sauntered past the theater just as the matinee girls emerged" on the streeL But a large, coarse man who was going by spoiled it all by re marking in a loud voice: "Hello. Willie! What are you going to do with that pipe? Going to blow soap bubbles?" And now there is one young man who will never again smoke a pipe on the street. . WORK OF THE MISSISSIPPI. Every Tear the Father of Watera Carrlea Down a Square Mile of Land. The Mississippi has in the course of ages transported from the mountains and high land within its drainatre area sufficient material to make 400.000 square miles of new land by filling up an estuary whieh extended from its original outfall to the Gulf of Mexico for a length of .M) miles, and in w idth from Si) to 40 miles. This river, says Longman's Magazine, is still pouring solid matter into the gulf, where it is spread -out in a fan-like shape over a coast line of 150 miles, and Ls filling up at the rate of 3C2.(kHUHKi tos a year, or six times as much soil as was removed in the constructs n of the Manchester ship canal, and sufficient to make a square mile of new laud, allowing for it having to fill up the gulf to a depth ofso yards. Nime i.Iea of the vastness of this operation may le conceived when the fact is considered that some of this soil has to Ve transported more than S.IKK) miles; and that if the whole of it bad to le carried on loats at the lowest rate at whieh heavy material is carried on the inland waters of America, or, say, for one-tenth of a penny per ton per mile over an average of half the total distance, the cost would be no less a sum than 4r2;'.S.tio0.O00ayear. Through the vast delta thus formed the river winds its way, twisting and turning by innumerable lenJs until it extends its length to nearly l.".20O miles, or more than double the jiut-to-point length of the delta, continually eroding the tanks in one place and building up land in another, occasionally breaking its way across a narrow neck hich lies between the two extremetics and filling up the old channel. PEN AND INK DRAWING. Modern Imitation of the Aneienta hy a New Irof fWA. It is easy, of course, to understand how pen drawinir should have come to Ik' so largely employed and elalorated. It is a matter of reproduction for illus tration. An etching" will not print with type, nor with a steel engraving. This, says the London Spectator, led in the early part of the century to the imita tion of steel engravings by wood en gravers, who did the business most skillfully with immense labor. The drawings for them were mostly made in teuciL But photographic prccss rendered, the intervention of the wood engraver needless, if the artist made a pen drawing that would photograph and process well. A pure technical difficulty can lie overcome by large numliers of craftsmen; large numlers, accordingly, have learned to make pen drawings to supplant woud engravings. But it should le noted that to do this is it:e:f a kind of reproductive process Few elalmrate pen drawings are made without a studious foundation in some other material. The pen line must fre quently le traced or drawn over the pencil line, very much like the engrav er's Uol. The point about the moderns and an cients, then, resolves itscif into the imitation by the moderns in a new medium of the technique of an old. It is certain that the ancients could have performed this feat if they had chosen, not altogether certain that they would have chosen. For, to consider those other points of reproduction and dis semination, the modern master seems to In; in no greater hurry than the an cient to make use of the new facilities. When such a master does take up tbe pen, he handles it to much grander ef fect than do its devotees. BOY AND ROBIN. Frtendahlp of the Two Brought About by Cold Weather. During the extremely severe weather of February, lw'.t5. myriads of birds perished from cold and starvation, both in Europe and the United States. In England this destruction was the more sorrowful. perhajs. as the country where the birds winter is more thickly settled than with us. and there were more to see their sufferings. But ooca sionally the British birds found friend ly shelter. The London Times published, during the cold weather, this note from Ro dolph Walther. a loy of twelve years, who lives at Tunlrilge Weils: "I thought perhaps you would allow a school! y to tell you how very tame and fearless the cold and hunger have made the wild birds around our house. "Of course we feed them with bread and all sorts of olds and ends, and the ground Ls simply black with our hungry visitors. Even the suspicious nks come quite close to the house for their share. "A little blue-tit passes its day in our basement, heedless of sleepy pussy baking herself liefore the stove. "Most of all I wish to tell you aliout my strange bedroom companion, a little robin, which has taken up its residence in my bedroom; and though I leave the window open, l.e never goes out exe-pt to take a short fly. We jiass tbe night together, and he makes his bed in one of iny football Iwiots. "The other morning he woke me up by singing on a chair at the side of my lied. I suppose he thought I ought to be at my lessons." The lledfiuff in FnKlifh I-aw. Whereas the presence of bedbugs is regarded I y the English courts as con stituting an adequate ground for the breaking of the lease of a dwelling house, the French tribunals have hith erto declined to admit any such plea. In deference, however, to the recom mendation of the leading medical au thorities, indorsed by the council of state, any house by wh;ch they are in fested will be regarded ly law as non sanitary, recent experiments having furnished convincing proof that lhee insects, which polite Englishmen de serilie as "B flats." are frequently a ve hicle of contagion for tulerculsis and kindred maladies. The Roralnle'e Rlandrr. An English clergyman, who was sud denly called on to preach to a congre gation of college students w-as unable to speak without notes, and had only one written sermon with him. which was on the duties of the married state. The topic was hardly one that he wouid Lave chosen for the occasion, but he hoped that it would pass muster as lt ing appropriate by anticiiiation. But, unfortunately, he did not reau the ser mon over, and so, tacforo he knew it, be had uttered this appeal: "And, now, a word to vou who are mothers."