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The Cambria freeman. (Ebensburg, Pa.) 1867-1938, June 12, 1896, Image 1

Image and text provided by Penn State University Libraries; University Park, PA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83032041/1896-06-12/ed-1/seq-1/

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Tha larra and rel abla cirrnlatlcn at lit Gin-
uncflai 1 1 vo mm jaTvTavla
eonatderaticn of ai rert ten -bo tarera mill b
--' " t ,ow mil iwirg low ratal:
1 laeb,s month.. ........ ................ ui
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inches, e monibs..... .............. ia
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S loehai. Bogtti a.i
S laebaa. I .Mr . .
,-anteeJ
elation.
- 1,21-0
Slli.rrlptn Kale.
, ..- , k-Ii in a-tvanre 1 &
, n,.( ini'1 within 3 months. I 75
W eolDaa. 'loitb".7i;.l..ir.r....II It.
mtiin 6 mootti.
7"i inmn. aioutBi... w fk
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1 COl DOD a nmitn. mm m
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itblo Hie year..
K it
- resitlinn out.td or lb county
, . - . ------.--....... ww.vw
1 eolama, I yaar T..M
Baslneai ttem. Brut lbertlin. We. par Uaa
(nbaeqnent Inorrtlona. he. per llaa
Aaminiictrator and Lxrcator Notkxa. M
Auditor'. .Noora.
raT and aim liar Node. saa
., "apoltion or proreealnar ot ? earporay
tton or Meiety aad rx-maDan l-atloaa d'eoKDrd ta
i . ,K" to "OT matter ot limited or isdl
Tidual interest mart paid lor atadi-erttrmeBU.
.J-T. nd Job r-iiouan of all kind aeatlj and
So?,.-'f!T.,,, M P" A..
-t-ai will the above terms be de-0-in
n.i tnole(,o don i consult tnelr
iron. j,vinij m advance most not et
?:"';' , ,D' i he Mine timilna-as those who
nM1' , '.. , jtsimctly understood rrocs
. . ..r l T-
JAS. C. HASSON. Editor and Proprietor.
EI IS A FRKKMAH WHOM TBI TRUTH MAKK8 VRKK AHD ALL ABB ILiTIl BKSIDB.
0I.BO and postage per ear In'advance.
' ......ari.auer before you itoplMfitop TffVT TTA TT? "V
EBENSBURG, PA., FRIDAY, JUNE 12, 1896.
NUMBER 24-.
X MU.t-i" " ' I
;life i too short.
Advertising Rates.
M
To All Sick Women:
ov
m
rA
IfV
m
iry
m
IJV
a
try
vv
a
try
n
y
,
w
a.
w
WILD ANIMAL FARM.
am a Citing
OWncss of the
Wonderful and
lUiracmous ef
fects of Eydia
PinKham's Uege
tabk Compound;'
2939 Washington Street,
Roxburv, Mass., April 20, 1895.
1
Pinkham'
s Vegetable
I feel it my duty to publish the wonderful help Lydia E.
Compound has been to me.
I was like a crazy person; could not eat or sleep ; there was no rest for me day or
1
nignt.
Physicians examined me and said an operation was necessary,
it, however, I determined to try Lydia E. Pinkham's Compound.
fnr if rnred me T am a well woman now. and can do any kind
I want this published throughout the land, so that all my
,i- 1 -.1 - 1 .. 1 i. .1 1
way atrecteil wun umaie irouoies nicy may ic mmaca
try this wonderful Vegetable Compound and be cured.
Mrs. Margaret Bamford.
1
read, ana it in any
sincere statement to
Before undergoing
I am so glad I did,
of work.
suffering sisters may
by my
Intelligent women no longer doubt the value of
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound They
openly acknowledge that it does positively cure the
multitude of painful ailments peculiar to women.
Druggists everywhere sell it
Lydia E. Pinkham's Liver Pills and Sanative "Wash Assist the Compound Wonderfully.
Lydia E. Pinkham Medicine Company, Lynn, flass.
kw 0 hkv AM kt. tfcv .BM hk.
Modem,
The Indestructible "Maywood"
BICYCLE.
THIS S75.00 COM'
PLETE BICYCLE
Jtfr w Ep"S35
STRONGEST WITH COUPON.
WSI ca Ea-tb. g I-OUBLE V
Jjj Mode! No. 5
i - -aa.
I ATF.MS I 2f
I Kit I
Ort.
Inn
3. IH93
1. I8'.5
.fan. 21, 18MJ
tlliers lnlinf;
v.,n l" j f i rtrnnqrrt anrt xwtptrst bictcle ever made. Adapted for all kinds of
1 . : n . r- M.vl ..f material that is xUtit, louih untl u-iry; Rimple in construction,
' " - . :t -ir- ari'i pnt toircthrr: lias few art: is of snrh wiry coiist rnctlon that Hh parts
: I " r . v.-11 in an a ci )i-nt : no hollow tul. me l crush in at every contact; a frame
..... s H, ,.,!,. that its adjust int; purrs nerve as its connect.inc part; a one-
:i i : 1. ..f a i!i7-u parts: always ready to irive r lialrle and rapid transportation.
1:: i r 7, 1 tit, titt diamond, euaraiilred lor lhr-e rs. Maiie of H-inch colli
'-.I iTjiii-st and r-trotigest metal for its weight knovrn); joined tonrrther with
..:,. r;;t,;tB!, ,n sa,-n a man m-r t hat i t i s i mossi i le t o hreak or an y part work
1 . f !,.,v. lty. simplicity and durability; the createst combination Of iutrenuity
'"I'-i-'n kiKiwii. t- build a frame witLiout brazen joints and tutjmit, as you know
illy ltr:ik and fracture at brazen joints, and tubes when they are buckled
; ;r.' i. Wllt-:Kt.s j-inch: warranted kimhI rims, piano wire tamrent spkes
; I : HI H-i-Lamc barrel pattern. Tl KKS- "Arlington" Hosepipe or Jlnr
' Vii 'k l;. .air. or some other first-class pneumatic tire. HKAKINbS Itall
' rv p-irt. in. Iiidimr wheels, crank axle. stcennK head and iedals. fl'l'S AM
'liii.'v tool steel, carefnlly temiiered anil hardened. H Al NS Hiirh (rraile
r-'ar adjustment. t'KANKS our celebrated one-piece crank, fully pro-
no t.-r 11 ins It K At" II Shortest. inches: lonirest. 37 inches. i M K
N r Y iitk In li strlK'tible; fork crown made from trim-barrel steel. H ANIH.E
a'l l adjustable; easilv adjusted to anv Mition desired: ram's horn fnr
!: I. NAHlii.K P Ar K., Gilliam, or some ot her tirst-class make. I'KHAIJi
r i '-r: full ball bearinir. Kl MISI1 Knameled in black, with all hrlirht parts
t' ' -1' ti i.icvcle complete wttn tool oa, pump, orcnun ami oner. nci"".
- u i ir. . v :is. saddles, etc.. 27 to ;m pounds.
J 111 our
-l.il
l . i . ...
i I- 'I I
I ,V
i
sleei t Wholesale 1'rice. Never Iw-fore pold
Tiiriclv introdnce the "SMTwoml" ltieycle. we
make a sis'eial conoon offer, iriviiiir every
I a r a chance to c't a tirst-class wheel at the
ei-r ..:T,.rf.,j ,)n jvceipt of t'i.iK enufmn
t aiivnne the above Hicvcle. necureiy crated.
- -i.t- delivery. .Money -efunded if not an
'-r arrival and examination. We will whip
' I riviN-j.,. ,,f examination, for f:K1.00 and couon
1 - :n with order as a isuarantee of rihmi laitu.
i.- warranty with ewh Hicvcle. This ii a
I'Tt.'ra'i.l ...... n. . .T...I in IaI. th niilMir-
J l'1" A 1 iress all orders to
CASH BUYERS' UNION.
wt van Buren Street. Bxaooo. CfllCAtJO. ILL.
r tti
f-"'-'Ulif.
t
No. s Maywood T
"A TRAINING IN CLEANLINESS IS A
FORTUNE." COMPLETE YOUR EDUCATION WITH
SAPOLIO
GAEL EIVINIOS,
PRACTICAL
WATCHMAKER $ 4EWBtEft,
AND DEALER IN
Coupon No. 2006
cooo roil
S5-2S
IF SENT WITH
ORDER FOR
5 Maywood
.Bicycle...
J Can't Make Money
bet.
r'li- to ii!e
We have it ami
Miteii, lis al and
i I'.i:.n nrt: Com pa xv.
1 Uochester. K. Y
apr 3 !t.
ANTED ASEHTS
.. ri " :n n. Must .,ni l.-ie jNurM-riea
K ..' "' K WMtely ail vert uml llfty
ii.. i' TT :'r,'i Unfiled iiv evi-rv itlanter.
f M 'iwrr. nlways urrrnl wif h
r 4 .!.' """ ' dhle their
ft "lv tbe lime tu mart.
lLWANGE:RiBARRY
'r-M-rle., Koeheater, 1. Y.
Steei Picket Fence.
CHEAPER
A
TH-
h II ( ft ft ;
Hi
I wooo
Tt htrr. eat h'rri PVkct r-v wit (11B. rTb' !
Iiinri mfi lro. or U nod PotA- wrfllac sr
erm. give IjiulltTi WuuImT ot Oatr. HwibltMd HIUI4,
W.ut. W .u. BMHfunrf brmvy Imi Vneiat. Crvatin.,
9ull Ftttinc. Fir. aiiivri and rika KSCrrs. C.llai
htrm ..! Ill!ln.. Brvl ..4 Ira. OrilU. WI8R I1WAIII
mmumt lUkixi. ' n kiofior wiek voik.
TAYLOR & DEAN.
0L 203 A 20S Market SU Pittsburgh, fa.
mchA V.1T.
. mm .mi mmor. (TlttD : a
I
W&TCHES, CLOCKS,
irivnnv ciivrniviDD
JL.LLIlI,LILlLri,AnL,
MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS:
Ann
0PTICALG0ODS.
SOLE AGENT FOR THE
CELEBRATED ROCK FORD:
VATC,HES.
ColumMa antl Fi etlonia WatchBS :
In Key and Stem Winders.
LARGE SELECTION OF ALLi
KINIjS )K JEWELRY AL-
WAYS ON HAND. J
tSMy line of Jewell y Is unsur-,
passed. Come and s-e for your-
self before purchasing elsewhere
E2TA11 work guaranteed.
CARL RIVINIUS.
In all its Latest and Most ImproTei Ketnods.
HKlTtGK WORK.
Dec. fi, l..6m
Ttn th extnu tel without pain by lining Prof. May's E. B. Ar
t'uitial Twin without plate just like the natural teeth. 1 extract
teeth, rejiair them ami replaee them in their natural position.
First --l:s work tlone at the nont reasonable rates.
SiTAll work warranted. Terms Cash. Office on Main Street
two doo north of M. E. Church.
DR. A. LAINO,
GALLITZIN' PA.
If you liave anything to sell,
The Novel Project of the Ringling
Brothers, Circus Men.
Aa 1 mill ens e Inrloaara la Southern Call
foralas When LIobk. Panther. Kle
phanta, Etc, Will It Kslaed
ua at Larce Hcale.
A novel scheme for raiisinp and er-jt-t.uaiii-
rare, varieties of wild ani
mals is the latent zoological idea of
i;in(jiiu llros.
A KjK'cial agent of the roniany i.-i
now negotiating' for a tract of land at
l.ong lu-;ich, near San I elroUa 3 south
ern California, for the purose, while
Messrs. Ir. Kujiert IIolTiuan aiid Oscar
Newman, who recently artel on a
tour around the world to secure w ild
lieasts for the memgerie and zoological
exhibits, will make .ecial efforts tt.
collect some very erfect and healthy
sjiecimens of forest-reorvd animals for
breeding purases. H ix proosed to
st cure four or rive, square inilo of the
most thickly-wooded land in the vi
cinity mentioned. The land desired i -to
embrace swamp, timber ami rocky
w-ctious and will be inclosed by a solid
lrick wall.
This wall w ill lie two feet in height
md will rest upon a firm foundation
it Rtone masonry, implanted Keveral
feet in the- earth. From the top of tht
rick wall up to a. distance of about 1
"eet a fence will lie erectel of half-incii
riie'es of iron, six inches apart. In Hie
main the land will Ik left in its natural
state, but caves imule an nearly as j-os
sible to imitate nature will lie dug and
formed of rocks, and it Ls cxicctcd
that the animals will make their home
in these. The idea of Ringling I'.ros.
in to turn the animals into this in
closure and let them follow their nat
ural inclinations and habits as much
as KMsitle. As the animals to be prop
agated are principally of the carniv
orous kind, such animals as they nat
urally prey uon will lte supplied us
food. If, of course, at any time the iium
lier of antelope anal other herbivorous
animals which are to furnish food foi
the lions, tigers, hyenas, leotards, pan
thers and other carnivora is depleted,
domestic animals, such as sheep and
goats, will be placed within the in
closure, to lie hunted by the denizens of
this peculiar jungle.
A considerable portion of this ex
it nsive establishment will lie separated
from the reit by secure partitions for
raising the delicate giratTe, camels,
zebras, quaggas and other herbivorous
families of the animal kingdom. In
order that frenh water may lie always
on hand, pies will lie laid under
ground. ending1 in fountains in the in
closure, and fed from uprinff water
pumed in from the outride. It is pro
i:sed to laj' a concrete walk just out
side and extending1 around the entire
wall, and a watchman, perhas on a
bicycle, will make a tour of inspection
of the entire inclosure twice each day.
The idoa, if a success, will prolxibly re
sult in preserving certain animals, such
as the giralTe, from becoming- entirely
extinct.
Elephants will also lie raised within
the inclosure. On account of their
grcut strength it was at first thought
that an elephant inclosure would lie
impracticable, but a. scheme has been
devised which it is believed will pre
vent them from breaking' down the
walls. Forty feet, within- the outsidt
wall will lie erected a second fence com
cscd and built of logs driven into the
ground by means of u pile driver
These timliers will be about three fe-'
-apart ail wiil lie cross-braced by a rov
of timlicrs bolted on the upright log
toward the outside and braced witr
timlicrs extending from the cross
lira-es to the ground. This will maker
very strong1 shield against which th
assaults of a large antl vicious elephant
will have no effect.
The cpfit of such an inclosure w ill not
lie so great as one would at first thinh
its the material used is very plentiful
in that- section of southern California
.'elected for this .purpose. Theelephant
inclosure is located so far from the
outer wall in order that no t ;ger, lion or
olher animal of the cat family could
h-ap from it to the top of the iron grat
ing and thus gain access to the out
side world. Certain grasses and herbs
indigenous to the countries from which
the animals are. to be broug-ht will lie
planted in order that the animals may
have as nearly a possible their native
foods.
One of the most interesting features
of the jungle will lie the monkey farm.
For this purpose several acres will lie
used. A wooilen frame will be erected,
extending- aliove the height of the trees
and completely surrounding' the farm.
This framework will be covered with a
network of wire, so that the monkeys
will lie at lilierty to climb about th'?
trees end feed on the fruits and nuts,
but will be unable to escape.
The idea in its entirety embraces the
scheme of proagating the animals by
giving them the natural advantages of
a jungle, leaving1 them to follow their
natural habits, but keeping them witih
in the inclosure, so that they con b
trapped when wanted for exhibition
purposes. Chicag-o News.
Large Enough.
A foot-traveler through one of the
hilly regions of Ireland came one day
upon a curious little cabin, so small
as to seem hardly large enough for a
human habitation. While she was
whimsically considering as to whether
it might not be the abode of the famous
"good jieople," about whom so many
loving superstitions cling, the figure
of a short, stout old man emerged from
the cabin, and stood confronting her
in smiling silence. After salutations
l.ad beeu exchanged, the travelerlaugh
ingly told the old man that she had
half fancied his dwelling the home of
fairies. "No, indade, ma'am, but it's
a good warm place, God bless it," re
plied the old man. "Hut surely you
cannot stand up in it?" said the trav
eler, curiously. "An fwhat nade to
fditand. ma'am?" returned the owner
of the tiny house. "Shure, an Oi can
' come outside to do that same, an whin
Oi'm insoide, it's mesilf that can either
go to bed or sit down, ma'am!" There
was such warmth in the smile with
which this cheerful philosophy was
propounded that the traveler was not
nisposed to pick flaws in it, and smiled
acceptance of its truth. Youth's Companion.
REMARKABLE JAPANESE WOMAN
Co-tlamed Hrllllant mad Help fail Career
of Stvltuats Kama Kaaa.
All college women of America must
feel an esieci:il pride in the crtreer of
the charming Steimatz llama Kana.one
of the three young- Vassar woiueu edu
cated at Vassar college, 2ti years ago,
by the Japanese government.
Private letters from the island em
pire continue to bring- interesting-word
of this remarkable woman, the wife
now of Marquis Oyania, our of Ine
heroes of the late w ar and beloved ot
his nation. The marquise seems to rs
fulfilling the prophecies of ber flat
mates of two decades ago. who- felt
that her personality must make an im
print on her time. Intensely loyal to
her country, she yet left here thor
oughly imbued with American prin
ciples, and determined to aid in the
uplifting of her sex in .Iaan. Her
last words to her friends here were
to the effect that her ambition in life
henceforth was to enlighten anil raise
her native sisters to the American
standanl of education and dignity. Of
noble blood, her position, with her edu
cation, .has afforded her unusual o
port unity to promote this desire. Her
home is the Vf ry essence of refinement,
with a decidedly foreign style as to
arrangement, though the gu.rdens atiout
are royal lyJaiauese. With threecharin
ing children. Steimatz for so her
classmates affect ionately speak of her
is disiensing a lieautiful and uplifting
influence to all who come in contact
with her. While the war lasted her
practical work was constant. She sent
out from her own hands, aided by wom
en of all grades f society, enormous
quantities of carl ml i zed gauze, with
great fiackages of other sanitary sup
plies, to the seat of battle. She is pro
moting many philanthropic schemes,
but none of them has she so much at
heart as the education of her sisters.
She ir. using the influence of her own
and her husband's position to bring
about a change of native opinion con
cerning Japanese women. Helieving
firmly in education as the chief factor
in the elevation of women, in this direc
tion she bends all her energies and argu
ments. There is little question that
her early American education has
been, through her constant application
of it, the keynote to the growing lil
erality of the Japanese toward women,
and an American policy in genera!
Her progressive spirit was no transi
tory notion, but a deep, underlying
conviction and motive of action, w hich
she has been able to direct upon the
thought of her compatriots at a most
fortunate time. N. Y. Times.
BRITISH RECRUITING.
fcccrawly Carried Ou In Tola Couatry Dar
ing: the Crimean War.
In the North American continent, the
spirit of adventure is strong. During
the Crimean war I was an attache at
the Washington legation, and, as thin
was aliout 40 years ago, 1 do not sup-
m kse that I am disclosing- any secrets
in saying what then occurred. We re
ceived orders to recruit a force for
the Crimea. This was a. fad of Lord
I'antnure. who was then war minis
ter. Sir John Crampton. our minister,
vainly wrote to explain that this might
get us into trouble with the United
States government. The only repK
was the order to obey. So we did. I
was sent to New York to look after the
recruiting there. We had a ship in the
harbor and we found no difficulty in
filling it. A recruiter got five dollarr
x-r man. and the man five dollars, ac
compaiiieaj with many promises of good
things. When the ship was full it was
sent to Nova Scotia, where we had a,
governor an old soldier with the repu
tation of being able to knock any regi
ment into sbae. The government of
the United States soon got wind of our
proceedings at New York, and at Niag
ara, where we had a Hungarian em
ployed to slip recruits across the fron
tier. The result was that the mem-ln-rs
of the legation at Washington and
the consuls at New York and one or
two other places received their pass
ports. What particularly amused me
was that the consul at New York had
had nothing to do with the matter.
Hut we had elaborated a far grander
scheme. We had found a sort of fili
bustcring general, who had agreed to
provide us with several thousand men,
who were, to be recruited in Texas and
the adjoining southern states. These
were to be commanded by the general
The negotiations went off, because
while we were prepared to give him
the local rank of general in the Crimta
he insisted upon- being made w hat he
called a full general in the British army.
To this we could not assent.
I could never discover w hat becam-i
of my New York recruits. They were
landed in Nova Scotia, and shortly aft
erwards the governor telegraphed that
tliey had rebelled, and that he was go
ing to take steps to reduce them to a
fitting state of discipline. This was the
last heard of them.
The governor was somewhat of ad un
derloaded man. We wanted (I forget
why) to have a ship sent from Nova
Scotia to Jamaica. We had a cipher dic
tionary, but I could not find the word
Jamaica in it, so I telegraphed the code
words for "jam" and "acre." This was
too much for the governor's intelli
gence. Again and again he telegraphed
to ask where the ship was to go; again
and gain I telegraphed back, refer
ring him to the code words for "jam"
acre." Finally we had to send a mes
senger with a letter. London Truth.
Artificial Snow.
The Popular Science Monthly tells a
curious instance of the formation of ar
tificial snow. It was witnessed in the
town of Agen, in France, one night
last winter. A fire broke out in a saw
mill when the temperature was ten
degrees below the freezing point. The
water thrown upon the fire was in
stantly vaporized, and, rising into the
cold, dry air, was immediately con
densed and fell as snow. What with
bright starlight and a strong north
west wind blowing, the whirling snow
above and the raging fire below, a
brilliant spectacle was presented.
Kaowledara Aeqalrad bjr Ear.
"Was there any particular kind of
tone yon were looking for?" asked the
jeweler, after exhibiting hia entire
stock to the caller.
"I kind o' thought I'd like to sec an
Adrian opal," replied the' young man,
drumming pensively .on the showcase.
Chicago Tribune. -
BANKING IN NO It WAY
SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY.
It la
Conducted in a Safe
Unique Manner.
and
LX-poaltora Ara t harrrd for Loat-lna;
Their Moarjr la tlu Itauk - Soar
of the Uur Utile of the
laatitataoa.
Probably the most indciendcnt ami
aristocratic bank in the world is Uic
Norges. or National laank o Norway. It
seems to be wholly indifferent Induing
business of any kind, and what it dv s
do it insists ujmih doing in itscV lilN-raK-w
ay.
Socially, the bank is of tinsidera'le
in tort a lice. The din-ctors uu et twice
a week, and these friendly gatherings
are said to lie inoM enjyable affairs.
Iians and discounts form the chief sub
jects of conversation. No loan or 1 s
count can tie made without the appro. : 1
of three of the directors. Suppose the
directors are to bold a meeting on
Wednesday and you want toliorrow 1 t
a rone on Monday. You apply to the
Norges bank, and are told that the mat
ter will lie taken under considerat ion at
the directors meeting on Wednesday,
and you may look for an answer to your
application by Thursday. It docs uoi
matter in the least that you want tiie
KM) krone Monday, and not Thursday;
you simply have to wait. After a!I
there is not so much absurdity or in
convenience to the borrower in this ar
rangement, as seems at first glance
He who may wiint a loan only antici
pates his reeds and prejiars for it a few
days in advance, instead of waiting un
til the hour before he wants it. And tin
bank is always able to make sure that
its loans are safe ones.
The origin of this institution was as
peculiar 98 its management is unusua'
Soon after the nominal union of Norwr.y
and Sweden, in 1H, tlie latter country
liegan to feel the ne"d of greater iiioncv
facilities to meet the demands of the
rapidly-increasing commerce. The Fit
uation was not unlike that in the United
States at the formation of the first
United States bank.
The problem of securingthe necessary
capital for a great national institution
was a very simple one for the Ncrwcgn.it
government. It raised stockholders fir
the bank just as it raised soldiers for it?
?rmies. Every well-to-do citizen was
rmjielled to take so much stuck. IV
was always at lilierty to take more if he
chose, but always in amounts divisible
by five. liookkeeping was made easy on
a new principle, in accordance with
which sums ending in other figures
than five antl zero were to lie excluded
fioiu the books.
This national bank is also a national
pawnshop. It is authorized by law to
lend money on any non-ierishablt-poods.
provided they can Ik' deKsitetl
in the bank antl kept under lock and
key. For this service it charges rather
less than the usual paw nbroker's inter
est, which may, ierhaps, account for
the rarity 'f private iaw ushos in Nor
way. In the regular loan dejiartuient
the curious rule is enforced that loan-i
may not be made for less than one
mouth nor for more than six, and
only for sums of at least 400 krone
(120).
American bank managers would l;.k
askance ai the rule which subjects a!l
diiosits to a charge of one-tonth per
cent, for taking them in. Vengeance i.
also takn with a liberal hand on the
unlucky wight who lia;iiens to over
draw his account. He is fined tine H-r
cent, of the excess amount, which fine i.
immediately charged against him. ani
hv nient of the draft is totally refused.
If by accident or for any reason an ol,:
cil honors such an overdraft, he is per
sonally resH.nsil.le. The Norges ban":
unquestionable does a safe business.
Octroi t Free Press.
WELL-KNOWN PEN NAMES.
"Hans PreHman," whose dialect nar
ratives arc even now popular, was the
name chosen by Charles G. Icland.
Thomas Wright, who wrote "Alma
Mater." selected the nom de plume of
"A Trinity Man" from his college.
Julian C. Verplanck, the author of
"Political Tracts," chose the name of
"Abimelech Cootly" from its countri
fied sound.
"Asa Trenchard" was, it is said,
chosen by Henry Watterson as his nom
de plume on account of its homely,
rustic sound.
tJen. Iicwis Cass, whose admirable
letters from France have become al
most classic, wrote under the name of
"An American."
- "Ik Marvel," the famous humorist,
is no other than Donald O. Mitchell,
whose "Reveries of a Bachelor" are
even now popular.
. George William Curtis once used a
pen-uame. It was "Howadji," anil
was used as a signature to his travels
in Egypt and the east.
MEN OF LETTERS.
Chili is said to possess more poets in
proportion to her jiopulation than any
other country in the world.
Albert Halstead, a son of Murat Tlal
stead, has become editor of the Spring
field (Mass.) Union. He has licen th"
Washington correspondent of the Cin
cinnati Commercial-Gazette.
Henry Villard. who in his younger
days was a journalist and a man of let
ters, winning in the civil war a high
reputation as a corresjiondent in the
field, is writing an autobiography for
his children exclusively, ft wi!l lie pri
vately printed, it is thought, next year.
Robert Louis Stevenson was. a very
modest genius. In one of the last let
ters be penned he says: "I am a ficti
tious article, and have long known it.
I do not think it possible to have fewer
illusions than I have. I sometimes wish
I had more. Hut I cannot take myself
seriously as an artist; th limitations
are too obvious." There i a sermon in
this for several living authors.
Cleanly Japaneaa Tratnpa.
A traveler in Japan says that the
Japanese tramp takes his hot iiath
daily if he has a fraction of a cent to
pay for it, or his cold laath if he hasn't
a cent. He carries a comb, toothpicks,
a razor and a toothbrush in a little
bundle. A few Japanese tramps might
well be introduced as missionaries in
the American brotherhood, w htse mem
liers do not seem to appreciate what
cleanliness is "next to."
Prof. Alliert Koelicle. of California,
has made a thre.- years' contract with
the Hawaiian tr ieriiment to destroy the
ilisx-ct m-s1s of the islands. His methtal
is to gvt insects laarmless to man to kill
noxious insects.
X rajs arei to lap applied to prac
tical acric ult tire. lr. Gractz. of Mu
nich., has taken a picture of a one-day--ld
pig.sluiw ing its luiii- structure. Py
ctantinuiiiij to make pictures of the p:j
the action of food on its gitawth will
lie shown.
New piMs.ilii!itjcs in the use of tlie
Roentgen rays l-ave l-en discovered by
lr. Frejlcl. .if I rlin. Twelte sheets
of brtimiile of Mliver iapcr laid on- upon
tlie other Merc j laced in tlie holder and
Uie pici lire of a fr tcikt n. The imare
was equally well I. lined oi e:i, h sheet.
In . l iii:hi last tear ships of lut.-1"-
registered t:.is wen- btiill. against
117.f.2l ti.ns in l.il. This is a coiisaier
rlile advance c'iii.-ir-l Willi lsej.
with but l-."us tons, ami l'.ri w ith f"..
i't reL'itcii tons. Tlw n-port tloes
not int-bidc the shias built in the gov
ernment yards.
Russia is i ililisiiing the construc
tion of the Til! is Kars railway as fast
as iHassitilf. aii.i will proisil.lv have it
completed by August next. It will en
able her to carry an army from the
Caucasus to the doors of Turkish Ar
menia. The line is r.i mi,s long, and
is already built as far as. Alexandrapol,
5o miles from Kars.
Ir. Pize. of Mtuitelinar. France, has
tliseoveretl a ihav anaesthetic. He has
found that by inject ing gtialaeol under
the skin in small tlos.-s tM-ratiiii can
Ik' ierforiii-d without pain. A com
mittee iipim'tnt'-d by the at-ademv of
medicine has iisquirtsl into the value of
tlie discovery, and has ei nigra t ulatd
Dr. Pize upon his achievement.
I"ai h instrument excels in some
Jvrticular ussire, the piano in scale
iiasxagcs. the harp in ar-ggio. 1 he inan
dolili in t he rapid n pet it ioivof tnie note,
the liiinjoiii the rapid playingtif-broken
chords, and w w it h ot l-r instnimeiits.
but the violin can Im-I t hem all on 1 heir
own ground, vv hile ihere is much violin
miisic that can lac played on no other
instrument.
English is the language that has
alu-retl most. Rcgaid.il merely as a
Teutonic lanirnage. it is farthest re
moved from the parent stock. It is de
scended from the Saxon, which is tin
utreiit of low 'irnii.m and Dutth.and,
as it were, the grantlpaient if English.
Put la-siles tht 'Iciilouie part, which is
the. groundwork f liie language, it
has sulT.-retl :tll the eiTo is of a lengthy
Roman occiivt ion.
THERE ARE FEW IDEAL SPRINGS.
frartleal A.pert o f I lie Seatin a Com
wreil a Ith I'mih" r'anei-.
Tlie Ba-ts are largely rcs.iisilile for
the jmpular notion that the normal
spring should le a'l sunshine, niiltt
i.css and fiiawcrs, instead of the mix
ture of cohl :ind warmth ami alternate
storm and fairness which it usually is.
Occasionally, however, a j-t has
"caught tin" to the actual facts. It is
common, esjiecially in this latitude, t
regartl each irticular spring as later
ami more disagreeable than any of its
predecessors. Hut backward springs
are not novelties, as Lowell showed
when he made Hose a Higelow say:
"I rather like our la kwar-1 serines
That kind o' haccle uith their preens anj
things"
The trtith is, spring is a very indefi
nite quantity anil neither bird. Iieast
iior man is its accurate prophet. Every
year aliout March time afiple are
seized with wonder at the backward
ness of the sea- ui wonder not un
moved with irritation. "Loud wen-the
recent denunciations at its dilatori
i:ess. Never was tlie month such a lion
1-cforc! Yet. if my memory serves) ne
aright we liad a Hurry of snow on April
17 of hist year and, in many preceding
years during the first week of that
month. I have tr:u-kcd the footprints
of the. rabbit in the snow." It seems
t.ot to lie a question of conqiarisoi!,
however. Winter. In-fore it is through,
drags on the best, tif us. We want the
warmth, the verdure anil the birds
niraiii la-fore wc have lived out the al
lot ted term of cold and snow, and so,
each year, we relicl. ISoston Transcript-
PATENT STATISTICS.
There are 1,351 patents which may be
employed in the manufacture of glass.
Kitchen ware, exclusive of stoves and
ranges, is protected by 1,71" jva tents.
There are 4.s54 patents for the man
ufacture of furniture other than
chairs.
Of mechanical motors there are 1.77.
know n to the officials of the patent of
fice. Patent needles and pins are made
to the numlaer of 173 different varie
ties. The manufacture cf sugar and salt
is carried on by the aid of 2.401 iuven
t ions.
The necessity of preparing toliacco
for the consumer has develoed 2.274
patents.
There are 3.3i7 patents for machinery
or processes employed in iaper-niak-ing.
The farrier is aided in his work by
the inventor to the numlier of 1,234
ta tents.
The implements antl mnterials used
in buildings are protected by 7,792 pat
ents. Trunks, Talises and liaggage contriv
ances generally are protected by 1,331
atcnts.
. There are 633 patented fuels or meth
ods of prejiaring wood, coal and coka
for use.
Southern Ktlneat ional Adtaaeetnenta.
According- to Prof. Alexander Hogg,
state manager of public schools in Tex
as, while the south has gained 54 w-r
cent, in iopu!ation in the last til years,
the increase in the enrollment ol school
attendance has lieen l.":u ier ci nt. In
the same period the value of the school
projierty has increased from $ 1 C.l H c,i at so
to $ 51.noo.ooO. an addition of neatly
Ooo.ooo per year. Of all the ico;.le in
the south, white and black, one in live
is in attendance at school during t-ome
part of the year. This is the projiortion
in Saxony, which excels all countries
in Euroe. It is estimated that of the
$32il.OiHi.niHl expended for education in
the south in the last Is years one-fourth
has been for the colored race.
m srirrv in i v Tr n " "r.r .T '..'.7 T":
A. M OTT J.w Irk UV
U bM.i w,Mllr4wiiI

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