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" I am an Husbandman."
Tls bx aarth 1 * lair gilts to tabs, Ot trnita, and oorn and ha ly. Than ta bar aotd, nnwiUing arms. Hid all Lba pomp at war's alarms. Bar slanghtar'd sons to lay, Battar ths tood ot man to win From her consenting mold, Than (tersely, with a miser's sest, Ban sack and rend her sinking breast For glittering stones, or gold, Tes, hatter than on lowliest tomb The simple phase appears " I am an hnahandman." than claim From history's scroll a depot's name, And rear, though nations call it tauie. A cenotaph ol tear*. —Mr§. H. Siffcu•*,. a Over the Wires. 1 hear a faint, low singing. tike the sound ot distant choirs. 'Tts a meaaage gleefully wingutg Over the wires And what are the glad wires humming As they stretch in the sunlight away * "I am waning, coming, coming- I am coming home to-day *" And now 1 hear a sohhing. like some sou! sitting alone. With a hoait that is weary throhhmg. And lips that can only moan. th what ate the wad wires sighing As they reach through the .tarknees ot night * " He is dying, dying, dying Come on the wing* ot light ' The titillauon ol laughter Next tall* upon my ear. And a hunt ol mad mirth after. like the sound of a distant cheer. And what is the glaelttl story rhal the round wires spread alar * •• Our Nine :* crowned with glory— Hip, hip. hip. hurrah *" Oh ' what are the wires relating. Morning, and main, and night' " The market is fluctuating '• Reports of the Senate tight •' Cashier 5 s defaulter •' .Vrrest a man uatued Brown " Jones died to-day by the bailer "Wheat went suddenly down ' Dead " Born'" --Going'" ••Coming" '• lieluge' and •• Drought and " Fire. Singing, and sobbing, and humming Over the telegraph wires. Kilo H'kttUr. A MOUNTAIN RIDE. Of course we girls all pitied Rachel Tinkham. but vre never quite made her one of us. She wa.- such a shy iitt.e thing, and blushed if you spoke to Iter, and acted afraid ol her own voice, and wore print dresses a., the time, and never was in vites! to our parties. She lived in a tumble-down old house which had been a very grand mansion once. The Tinkhams had been great people in my grandmother's day. Nothing was left of uietr grandeur now. however, for there hail been wine in one generation, and whisky in the next, ami Mtnum tremens in the third. Kay's father was the third. She had a wretched time keening house for him. Her mother was dead. " We" were the girls of Mrs. Bland's private school. A dozen of us were out upon the east verandah one morning. We were ail talking at onee. Some one. it seemed, hail said the high school girls were bet ter scholars than we were. " Very well. So they are." This was Kate Avery, and she wa.- stauding up by the lattice where the morning-glory vines grew, and when- a hundred clusters ot little bells swung out—blue and purple ami rose-pink, ll Kate was anything, she was honest, though she was handsome too. "We have music and French conver sation, and K>u has a phaeton, and 1 have two donkeys, and Queenv has been to Europe; but." lowering lier voice, "it's an awful secret though it's the truth. The high school girls are miie and miles beyond us in 1-atin and mathe matics." '• Indeed they are,"salt! I. " Fin whs* mademoiselle calls an * idgit' in aritlf nietic. I really suppose that two ant: two make four, but if one of those girl were to teii me that they made tire, 1 shouldn't dare dispute her." "The fact is." said Kate, *" little Tink ham is the on.y one of t!s who is sure o her multiplication table. But then sh doesn't reaiiy belong to us She woulc not be la n it it wasn't for sweeping ant 1 dusting to pay her tuition. There she it this minute." A small, tirwd-looking figure in acoarst dress came in -ight rouml the corner. It was Rachel with her load of books it .er arms. "She Ir_? worn that dress every daj for three months," said Iu Stedman . " I veriiy believe she goes to bed whei it is done up." "My dear, she can't. She has to wash and iron it herself. Oh. there is Queeny!' cried Kate. It was such a gentle, gract ful girl who came walking fast to over take Ray, caught step as she overtook her. and began talking pleasantly " Doesn't she look nice in t hat seal-brown suit? Ard isn't it just like her to tarn Ray's books for her?" Queeny's real name was Alice You would have known why we called h Queeny if you hat! seen her walk besiili little Tinkham that morning, open th> gate. Sand stand still, erect, with thai grand way of hers, for the girl to pa*- through. I believe we all rather wor ship<*d Queeny. Kate met them with her forehead ail tied up into liard knots, and asked Ray. "didn't she ' want to be an angel,'and help her with those dreadful fractions?' So they two sat down on the door etep, and the rest went into the school room. Then Iu called out to Kay to come and dust her desk. She said "it wasn't half dusted." Queeny said : "Ray is busy. I will do it;" and she. silent and looking prouder than ever, dusted Lou's desk herseli. It was this morning, Friday, that Mrs. Biand told us that to-morrow would be " Mountain day." All the schools in our town drive t< the niout tain once a year. Our daj always comes in September. This time Mrs. Bland couldn't go, so she sent along h<-r cousin to matronizc us. She was a fidgety person, afraid of spiders, and no good any way. "We are to start at nine o'clock." Queeny said. " Ray, can you be read} so early?" Queeny was a new scholar. She didn't know that Ray never went with us to such places. Kow she flushed and replied: " I don't think I can go to the moun tain." "Certainly, you are going." Alice said it in her queeniest way. "If you can't go to-morrow we will put off fp ing." "Saturday is my day to clean the school-room." Ray answered. "We will clean it. Let's begin this minute," and off came Queeny's cuffs and Kate's, all the cuffs, in fact. We went to work, and had such tun sweep ing and scrubbing. Just imagine Kate and Queeny washing the floor. They did it well, too. " Now. remember, Queeny said, the last thing, " everybody is to wear her oldest dress. And, Ray, would you be kind enough to bring hard-boiled eggs for your luncheon? One apiece for us all round?" Ray looked bright ail over, and said yes. Now I think it was just beautiful of Queeny to think of that. She knew Lit tle Tinkham couldn't bring frosted cake and French rolls as the rest of us did. . _ ~ So-'ie spoke of the eggs. We all re membered that Ray had wonderful chickens. lam sure the word about old dresses, too, was meant to help her. The next morning Obed Taintorcame round with his un< vered omnibus and his two great horsi and picked us up. W T e went for Ra last. She was stand ing in front of thr old house, beside the tumble-down gai , with her basket of eggs in her hand. She looked perfectly happy, and her dress was so clfan and smooth Kate whispered to me: "That dress has been washed and ironed since last night. Just think of it!" FRED. KURTZ, Editor and Proprietor. VOLUME XII. It was a clear, warm morning and every one was in such a glow of ginnl spirits. 1 think we were all glad we ha<t Rachel with us But if it hadn't been for Queenv Ray would never have gone, and it Ray hadn't gone the rest of us would never have come home, and this story for there is a story —would never have been told. It is eight miles to the mountain and there is a carriage- road to the ton. The last two miles are very hard and steep, because you rise nearly a thousand feet above the Connecticut river in that di tanee. But Obed was a steady, good driver and his horse- were steady, good horst - We always drew- lots for the scat be side tibial, and it was one of our treats to get him talking alxmt his "team." .as he ealiod it. "What are their names ?" asked Queen y " Well"—a pause. Obed was a slow talker. but he had a great deal to say. " The off one there is Uassar an' the nigh one he is Alexander." " Are they afraid of the cars?" " Aint aleard o' nothin' in natur." (.lived paused for us to think this over, and then went on: " Know too much, them ereeturs do. They've carried a load to the mountain four times a week all summer. They'd take ye 'bout 's well ef 1 wa'n't along. They know —well—beats all w hat them animals know- Understand't I'm talk in' 'bout 'em this minit '* well's you do. They're used to being talked to. Sly wife she thinks a sight ot 'em. Beats all! She'll go out to the kirn, and -h. carry 'em apples, and she'll lie ail over 'em; an' one week when she was sick, an' kep' in the house, vou c'n h'lieve it or not. hut it's a fact that them ereeturs lost flesh. She braids up their front hair for Yin. and tics it with a red rilv bin one day. an'then the next day she upbraids it, and it's crimped, a.l in tin fashion, you'll understand. As they wa.- a cumin' to a party to-day. they've got their hairs crimped." But alas for LVsar. and alack for Alexander. It was a terrible piece of work that you came near doing that day. though we girls never shall f.-el that you were much to blame. You see this was what happened. We were all tucked into the wagon as tight as figs in a box, that afternoon, ready to start for home, when Is>u called out that she had left hr parasol. Sin must get out. and run up to the tower to get it " You just keep y'r siitin'." said Obed. "I'll fetch yer umberill;" and he started for the tower. It was about ten rods off. The tower and stable are built in a small cleared space at the top of the mountain. Ail around and below are thick old woods and great rtveks. Obed had just gone out of sight when Quceny gave a little scream, and put her hand to her eyes. "Something lias stung me." she said, and then, that instant, while vre were all looking at her. it hap pened. The horses both reared, then gave a plunge, the omnibus seemed to rise from the ground with a great leap, and sooner than I can tell it. we were *ll being borne, at an awful speed, down that nar row rocky road. I glanced toward Cmsarand Alexander, and saw a terrible pair of wild animals. I looked toward the girls, and saw two rows ot white, frightful fac.-s. The reins were dragging on the ground Some of us were shrieking, " Whoa!" A lew were getting ready to jump- A! this in an instant, and then, suddenly, above the noise of the wheels and of everything else, we heard a voice ring out clear: " Sit still, girls! I think I can -top th horses." It was Ray Tir kham. of all people in the world. She stood up with a steady look in her eyes. I must explain here that the road from the tower runs down a gentle -lope for haifa mile, and there comes asharptuni Beyond that is Long hill, the -teei. st. most dangerous part of the way. Rati seimitny and whispered "If the horses are not stopped L-f<>n thev get to the turn, we shall all I>. killed." ( Ray was climbing over the driver's seat She always could climb anvwherc like a int. She didn't paii-e anin-tant. but -lie called back to me: "Natty Brock, put on the brains The rest of }ou sit still. Only pray a bard a- you can." I sp-rmg to the driver's - at. ami > jammed down the handle of the hrak - I prayed, too. I believed I should neve rpray again. 1 saw and thought of a hundred things at once. I saw the great tree trunks and the huge black rocks close upon us. I remembered the clematis over the front door at home, and wondered who would tell my lather that I was dead. Meanwhile, Ray was over the dash board. and down with her feet over the whiffletree. * llow she did it, I shall never know, but the next we saw of her, she was creeping aiong the pole between tin horses, steadying herself with her bands on their backs. The horses went tearing on like wild horses, their manes flying, and tin ir groat bodies quivering all over. Every instant the girls wen- becom ing more excited. Queeny was holding Mrs. Iliand'- cousin with both hands, to prevent her leaping out. Kate cried: "We are almost to the turn. What is Ray doirflr? She will trigliten the horses worse than ever!" and she covered her eyes. The brow of the lull was not forty feet off. Far behind, we could hear Obeil's voice screaming to the horses to stop. The keeper of the tower was fly ing toward us. But they were too far away to do any good. Tln-re seemed not one chance in a thousand for us. But that very instant, when we all believed we were lost, we looked at Ray. We saw her reach forward with one hand, and gra*p the reins which joined the heads of the horses together, .lust where the connecting straps crossed one another her fingers Hutched them. One sharp, fierce jerx oi those great heads backward, and the horses slack ened their speed, and in an instant more stopped. The wagon stood still, although the oroaturos were snorting and plunging yet. But that small hand of Ray's hel l on with a death-grip, and in a moment more Obed caught the horses by their heads. His face was as white as it ever could be. and he spoke one word only. It was: " Hornets!" The horses had been stung in more than twenty places. They were unhar nessed at once, anil we were all out on the ground directly. We laughed and we cried, and Mrs Bland's cousin distinguished herself by fainting away. " I don't blame the horses in the least," Queeny said. "Onesting is had enough," and she showed where her eye was beginning to swell. "The hornets tame swarming out of the woods there." As for Obed, he was a humili ated man. " But I was the one to blame," he said. " I thought the horses would 'a' stood till the'r hides dropped ofFn tlie'rribs; hut I tell ye ther' never was the team hitehed up yet that 'ud stan' hornets. Blarst the creeturs!" lie added, in under tone. " But Kay Tinkham!" cried Kate, and she went up to where the little thing was sitting on a rock, looking pale. "You saved us all, you blessed child. How did you ever think of doing that?" " My grandmother stopped some run away horses in that way once," gasped Ray. " I didn't know whether I could stop these, but I knew somebody must do something, or we should all be dashed to pieces." " Well," spoke Obed, "I've known #' THE CENTRE REPORTER that thing's bein' donejust once afore in tuv lifetime, htit it was a ln>y that did it. There's a savin' 'mong-t team in' men that, when you haint got the reins, you can stop a runaway if v>>u walk out on the pole ami grip hold o the bridles, hut 'taint every horse that'll stand it." " But wasn't it splendid of Hay ?"cried Ism, going over, and putting her arm round her. " Never knew a girl e'd have so tuueh pluck." answered the driver. "If she liadn't 'a' Iteen light on Yr feet, an' level in Yr head, she never e'd 'a' done it. 1 tell you if these horses hadn't been un common (food horse-, nothin' on airth would 'a' stopped 'em." And Kay? t never in ant to make so long a story of it, but I must tell you that we gave her a party soon after this. All the fathers, and mot lows, and broth ers went, and we carried her a carpet for her room and a new chamber set. and nice new clothes all through; and a few of the gentlemen gave her a bank-book, whatever that may mean. I only know that she was to have the income of cer tain money, and that it was enough to educate hr thoroughly We had the best time that night, and Queenv's father umk Hay out to supper, and site sat at his right hand, and everybody treated her as though she had la-en a prince— of the bUmd. 1 do ltelicvc there nevi r was a hapier girl on earth than Rachel that night.— You/A's ('emporium. The Interoeeanle (anal. At the meeting of the Association for the Advancement of Science in Saratoga, Commander K T. Lull. I S. N ,r< a.l a paper on " The Interoceanie Canal l'roblem." giving an account of the ex plorations for connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, in which lie has Iteen engaged with others. A commis sion had examined all the reports, and found only two practicable routes —one through Nicaragua and another by Panama. That through Nicaragua in clude- as an essential feature the Use ol Lake Nicaragua, situated ten m -from the Pacific coast, but with a surface 10? feet above mean tide on each -ide. It is llu miles from the Caribbean Sea to tin lake by the river San Juan, the outlet .f the lake on this side. A ear .1 from the .ake to the Pacific I Venn would I* 16 3-10 miles long, only sev*n miles of which would In- difficult. The excava tion would average fifty-four feet, and ten locks of t n feet lift each would be required, with a tide lock of seven feet at the seashore. An artificial harU.r would be required on the Pacific side, with a break water, for which the ma terials are easy to In- obtained. There are fifty-two miles of navigation <>n Iwke Nicaragua which will n<*xl lilt 1 work, except at the south end, where are some six miles of swamp. The total length from the Carihliean Sea to tin Pacific is I*HV? miles—fifty--' ven on tin lake, 61.7 on the canal, and sixty-two slack water. The estimate tuakes the bottom of the canal seventy-two fi-ct wide, and gives twenty-six feet depth of water. The locks an- t<< t~J feet lung. Estimated cost. $66,000,000. and it may i-ome to $ 100,000.000 a* the outside cost T!it> I'iuuuua nmti'. n<*nr the line of the Panama railroad. would reuuiro a feeder near the summit. which ,cu I*- had. The highest place would put the bottom of the tana, -<ventv-- -iglit fiat above mean tide, and th>- -ur! nf ot tin water in the eanal 1-4 feet aliovf ntean tide. Total distance, forty-one mile*, with twelve lift locks on each side of tin summit. The heaviest eut would lx I*o feet. The leeder would require 13.- uOO feet of tunnel and two aqueduct*. The breakwater and seawall at Aspin wall, l.HOOfeet; cost estimated at 000.000. Materials arc more a<ves-ibl. in Nicaragua, and the country is mon healthy. The Nicaragua line enters lh< ocean at a much lcs- distance from the United Slates on each side than the Pan ama route. He criticised the plans of the French congress recently held, and did not re gard a s.-a-level eanal a- practicable. In one place the cost of tile excavation ol certain cuts on his plan would be $lO.- 500.000. and for the French plan at tin sea level. #40.000.000 lie did not helicv. this generation would ever a level eanal. (len. Alvord. U. S. A., said, in tin discu-sion. that the United Stat' - g.iv ernment had had the matter under i-on siderntion for fhirty years, and has .-nt its best officers to examine and survey Incomes of Physicians and Clergymen. A New York letter to the Boston Jwr nol says: A large number of the New- York pastors are very wealthy men. This is almost always true of the ('at ho lies. and has Ix-en true of nearly all of the older pastors. Dr Spring was a very rich man. and in old age married a very wealthy woman for a wife. Tin cider Tyng is a millionaire; Dr. William Adams has always been rich since he has Iteen in New York. Dr. Beveair of Trinity < hurch has an - state in litigation to-day. A 'arge portion of the clergy are poor. Two or three of the denomi nation are rich. Nearly every success ful doctor lias a fortune. It is the same with eminent legal practitioners. When the minister gets poor, as he does at the last of his life, the lawyer and the doc tor becomes rich. When lie outlives his usefulness, as lie does when he becomes old, the lawyer becomes a judge and th< doctor a professor. 1 asked an eminent physician the other day, " Why is this?" lie replied : " It results from the wny we begin. Nearly every practicing physi cian and lawyer at the start is jxmr. H< has his tame to get and his fortune to win. He spends years in laving tin foundation of his fame. He studies econ omy and rigidly looks out for the cop pers. He isn't required to entertain anybody, anil nobody expects he will maintain the style of a successful mer chant or a rich lawyer. He travels little and earns his money before he spends it. A minister takes his position at a bound. The vounger lie is the more popular lie is. fie takes a rank with a lawyer ami merchant and doctor at the start. He is Hush in funds, and imagines his bright days will always last. The money th it lie should lay up for his waning hour he spends in trips to Kurope, and visits the places of fashion and culture When the pastor has got to the summit and looks down the western slope, he has spent his money Just as the doctor and lawyer have the foundations of their wealth laid and fame and usefulness well secured. There is not a profession in New York in which it is so easy to lay up a competence for the future as the ministerial one. The average pay is larger than any other profession." A Harrow Escape. A California railway engineer had n narrow escape from a bottomh'4> pit a fortnight ago. He hod charge of a con struction train and was hauling gravel. A short distance out of Bcnieia. and be yond Government Point, is a piece of tule land. Thousands and thousands of yards of dirt were thrown upon it when the road waa built, and vet in a abort time, even during the night, out of sight the whole would go. At last the road was ballasted and the track laid, and the raiiroad authorities were smiling at the thought of having their road in good working order by the first of September. The engineer noticed that the earth had a depressed appearance, but he was so far advanced that it was impossible to stop, and having on a powerful head of steam, he opened the valve and went rustling over the dangerous place, and at the same time felt the ground settling under the train. In a moment they were over the morass, and upon check ing the engine the men on the train looked back, and for a distance of over three hundred feet they saw the ground, the ties and the track in one vast body go down into the bottom less pit a dis tance of fifty feet. CENTRE IIALL, CENTRE CO., PA., THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1879. American Honey Abroad. Twelve months ago no American honey in the comb was .-old in England, al though a considerable quantity wan ported from New \ "l k to Europe illgllt-- lat's. Now the trade i- ala ge one, and tin- New York t' itHtnfrmil AAi'trltn r tells how it has IK-CII worked up by Mr Huge, a web know n la-e and honey man. After contriving mean* to ship the pro duet without breaking the combs Mr. Huge set himself to get it introduced Oil the royal tallli Accident suggested a plan to this end which only American enterprise would have ever dared to carry out. Mr. Huge, while dining HI an Eng lish chop house in lamdott, took up a bottle ol sauce, and on the laU-1 found that the condiment was prepared by one Who had IHCII high st ward at Windsor Castle. " There s mv man." thought Mr. lloge, and away he went in search of him; ultimately succeeding in obtain ing an inirtaluetiou to the inventor of the sauce. The merits of the sauce wa nt" course the lir-t thing spoken of, and the American praised it to the utmost He then said I lint his object in Seeking the former high steward wa- to intro duce the - nice into tin I ruled Stat. whereof course it would certainly have a . irg. -al. through the New Yorkhous. which had sent him to England. Arrangements were miule to hav. the sauce introduced here, and the ex-high steward was in good humor, 'litis was the time to in troduce the real object of the visit, and the American said Now, 1 want vu to do a giwd turn for me. ('an you not get a ea. of American .oiub honey placed on the Qll. • ti's table' Ihe holt, t will tell for itself afterward, a* you will find when 1 send you a case tor y en own use." " Nothing easier " replied the ex-high steward; "1 am well ac quainted with Un- pf-sent high steward of \V imiser Castle. *n.l he w i.S do any thing I request of him." The next day a ease of the bc-t honey was sent to the ex-high steward's house, and -ooti a'fer another one w a- in Windsor I'astie 1 be henutiful comb- were placed on tlu- Queeu's table, and her grandchildren, the daughter- of the late Princes- Aii.-e, were so plea.- d with it that the Queen gave orders that ten . as.-* should I"- at one.- purchased for the u*' of the east'e. meaning, of inurw, h.-r own table. 1 tit fact of this order having Rett given by the Queen -oon Rvalue known through the enterprise ot the American, and tin R.mlon pns t**k up tiie -uhje t of Vtueri.-an eonih honey, praising it to the utmost. Even the British /Ve Jour ai took ha'k all it had -aid against the hon.-y, and wa- loud in its pnuse. Th re*Uit wa- that the Ameri an comb honey was to le found in a very sfiort time on every " fa-hionshle" person's table, and its success in (.rest Britain as ured. An ordet lias ln-.-u received to ship at onee 300,000 pounds of the new crop, to he followed by a like quantity at a later period. An Aerullth in Court Prof. I'irrff'i |>wh bflttrt* the iclfn ti?.t. at "•aratoga, dt-ilt mainly on the* hiviii!jf bodies "mlI-<1 meteors. and which, according to I'rof. Ni-wtort, of Yaii' College, ar< *•> uum<T(iu< lliai n<- fewer tlmi! four hundred million* of them ent r lite earth's atmosphere every vear. Fortunately for us.it is only the large-,: of th**e meteoric stone* —and thev* are exceedingly rare— which do not bi'*oine who.ly lt**ipated befori reacuing the ground: from all other* the air is. as Prof. Newton expresses it. " a •hie I*l t<> protect u* from an otherwise intolerable bombarding." One of thisi few ha*, strangely enough, brought up an entirely new question of property aw in France. One night not very long since a peasant crossing a ll'ld saw a meteor of unusual magnitude, which fell with a great noise and touched the ground within a few yard*}of |his a fec(. Recovered from his fright, he went to thw *i>ot and unearthed a stone of con • id* raiee size. which, in *• i' nlific lan guagc. is ealled an aerolith. It occurred to the man that what had dropped down to him from Heaven must !*• a rarity and might have a money value After ■ onsulting tlie hi* com mune. he took the mvsterioUS substance, of no terri striai oi* ration, to the I**ou ,lun Museum, anil there received in i >- change for it tlie, to him. wonderlhl -UIII of #''.*. Short-lived was hi* joy. rile proprietor of the field visited by a product of the *ki<-*. who live* in Pari*, read in the newspapers an account of the celestial transaction, and strong in a maxim prevailing in France to this day. that property in land extend* from "heaven nlwivo to heil beneath.* 1 ia structed a county attorney to bring an action, lie claimed either the r**iitu tion of the aerolith which fell upon hi* land, or #B.OOO damng'-s, which l.ejudged to be the value of it. The case has not vet been decided, ami threaten* to drag its weary length for some time to mms It has. however, been pretty clearly es tablished that the damages claimed are excessive. There is a regular tariff of the value nl aerolith* at the Paris Mu seum, and s*,'3 i* a high average price. F.minent legal talent i* engaged on both sides, and tiiusfar the peasant i* believed to have the better of the Parisian. Bright'* Disease in America. The latest medical t' eory we have •••en about Bright'* disease of the kid neys. says a New York paper, i* that il is largely c u*<*d by the excessive use of iced water and iced drinks, and its wide prevalence in this country is thus ex plained. It is surprising how muck kidney complaint there is hen-, and how great a proportion of all the deaths occur therefrom. Brigilt's disease is compara tively uncommon in Kumpe. owing, it is asserted, to the very small use there of ire and iced drinks. H<> a re prone to think that F.uropeane do not use ice freely because they are unwilling to pay for luxuries. But they are opposed to lee, many of them, at least, on hygienic prin ciples ; they are afraid of it. particularly the French and Hermans, who can sel dom be persuaded to touch it. Thev like beer and wine cool, hut not ice-cold, be lieving that to drink wine and b"er at •ueii a temperature as we drink theni must do irreparable harm. It is said that seventy-fife per rent, of Bright'* disease known to civilization occurs here, and that we use nearly ninety per cent, of all the ice used in the world. These two facts are significant; but whether they stand related to one an other ns cause and effect has not been clearly determined. Tlie almost general prevalence of the terrible malady in the I'nited States is startling. There must lc some special reason for it. and it be hooves Americans, who are such suffer ers, to try to find out what the reason is. Escaping their Foes. The escape of the troopers who were out foraging at the time of the Cabul massacre is paralleled by that of an English soldier who was acting as ser vant to one of Sir William McNnghten's officers, in Afghanistan, in 1841. Having been sent out on an errand by his master shortly before the attnek on the British began, he took alarm at the uproar from the direction of the residency, and nt once made liis way out of the town. A Sikli trooper, who likewise belonged to the doomed band, baffled the vengeance of his captor* by a singular stratagem. Knowing well that his exploits during the war had marked him for the worst tortures which Afghan cruelty eould in flict, he declared that were his life given liiiu, lie would reveal a charm making the wearer invulnerable, the power of which he was willing to test on his own person. The su|>erstitious Afghans at once agreed, and the prisoner, covering his breast with a white cloth, bade them fire at it. and see how it would turn their bullets. Every rifle was instant iy discharged, and the Sikh fell dead on the spot, thus escaping the torments in store for him. A TKKKIItI.i: >Mi 111. ttirllllM K>|*.il.ur* of m H.iiuH blri I .A.ltrtl In Ihc tlul • mi It. ol m sin kill. I'ru|i< tier. j Tin* I>< troit frn I'rtss linn tin follow ing account of tin* experience ill Mini I Belle Johnson, n young lady who *v tin I atxiard tin* propeller Bertschy win nit i was wrvk<*l 'n l-akt* llurim After leaving liny City we had much heavy Weather mnl had become rather accustomed t<> tin* tos-ing of tin* bont. Thursday night no change wa* observe I ami tin* .ady iinnt'iipT#, myself among tin* number, i-ollivtnl in tin* after cabin tu linti'ti to tin* Morn-* of several Soutli nrii ladies-refugees from tin* ft-v< r epi detllir. who had chosen tin lake a.*> a -ale resort. 1 wan standing within three feet of my ntati room when tin* conversation was ended l>y a terrible crash which ' threw me headlong ai-ro>*> the cabin. I'ln* otln r 1 alie were crowded in a cor ner. Hot one licillg able to speak For some minute# no om moved, and I only lu-ard an occasional prnyi r above tin hoarse roar. One lady, like myself, had hail experience in similar emergencies, and we with difficulty gained the dc. k. I'ln* night was v*ry daik, and nothing could l seen except the iighthoUsc liea con. several miles aw av < >ur steam whistle* had been .sounding signs- ot distress. hut tin* water dasln-d over the engine Area and liny were put out, and the only signal on board gradually do-d to a moan and then failed quite. \\ e Itaiked for torches, hut there were none on board. Our lamps had tx-en dash's 1 out and we were left groring alxiut in the darkness Captain Metiregor had been sick in lx-d. hul I eould distinguish him on deck, givirffc directions for the launching of about which was to make an attempt at landing in order to secure assistance. The loal was in tin* water but a minute, and then I knew by tin* st ri-auis 1 heard, thai it hail gon< over. \\ ■ passed the night in this way. comforting each other and assisting tin crew as we could I lie male passcngt rs oil Ixiard had secured their life-|U s. rv ers and sat wiilt thciu on al. night, but tin* women had given everything up and I refused to put one on. thinking it would only prolong my suffering, i.arly Friday morning the Mi-ward came below and insisted upon buckling on the W server. It seemed like getting into my coffin, for I hail said my ,usi prnscr and was ready. After so uring tin* tut* w< were led to the upper deck. and. as the taiat threatened to pari every minute, were .ashed one by utli to the oUt' I bulwarks. Whenever the sea pour d over tin* the ropes held tin* fast, and I s ,t tied there tbres hours b king into th< water and wishing I could go down and bay t* it end id Tin* captain* pai*i hy, and. with his glass. I oou.'isn someoi our men i ling ing to the foot of a peri*ndicuiar i ,it! doUt forty feet in height. They had lieen drifted as I lore tie night before, when the small boat Was swalllpcd. I also saw the lifelxaM Ix-ing laun licit, and the crowd of mm hurrying un and down tin* slmri as though bewiiderial. The .ife-xaving tx.xt eoulil I"* s- nan instant, then it would sink in th< trough of tin sea. and we tliouglit it was .<ist. It gradually nearad us. and a line was throw n out and stvurrd by Captain K iab riietn two men were si. n > limbing out on tin* ropes and through the water to ward our boat It took them a long time, but they were at ..out on Ixiard and kin w bow to diria-t our effort* for safety Through their management the boats came near by and we were hauled on tioard and th' n taken to land. Not until I slimml on solid ground could 1 think that it was possible for mi* to escape death. The greati-st praise is due the men In the lif- oat. 1 visited their ftation Saturday, and found the road over which they carried their Imat rough and sandy. A* it was ntxuil five miles from the propeller's wrvk. it s. etoed marvel ous that they eould reach her at all. Talmage > i*lt* a Coal-I'M. The Rev T. De Witt T* mug' is print ing some characteristic * ketches of F.ng lish scene* and life. This shows how he ■•nnte out of a coal-pit But wc must say good-bye 1 • these unilrrground worker*. We get itit" tb " rage" and prepare for a- 'til. Tin* guides warn us that we near the lop. and the speed of the eagi* i* slackened : the sensation will In* somewhat distressing sfiiro enough! We gel alxmrd. throw our arms over the iron bar with a -tout hug. tin* signal of " All readyis given, and we fly upward. Coming near tin top. at the slackening speed, it seem* as if the rope nitist have broken and that we an- dropping to the tmttoin of the mine. A few slight "Qh*"' and the delusion passes, and we are in the sun ligbt. Bliss t;od for this heavcnlv mix ture! There is nothing like it \o ar tifice can successfully iinitat' it. YI'U need to spend a few hours deep down in an Knglish mine to appreciate R. , In the contrast it seems more yeuow, more golden, more entrancing. \ "ti take oft" your hat and bathe in it. "U feel that the World netxl* more of it. Sunshine for the Ixxtv ; *un*liine for the mind: sunshine for tiie soul. Sunshine of earth ; sunshine of heaven. In the words of the old philosopher, "Stand out of my sunshine!" l*xik here! Why do we want any more of these miners' lamps? They might a well he extinguished. Their faint flicker i* absurd in the face of the noon-day. Thev were useftll to show us where to tread among the seams of coal; they were good to light Up the genial laces of the miners, while we talked to them alxitit their wages and their families. lamps are valuable in a mine. But blow them out now that we stand under the chandelier which at twelve o'clock noon hangs pendant from the frescoed dome of these blue F!ngiih heaven* So all the tallow-dips of earthlv iv will tw submerged when the Old B liry of the next world strikes twelve for celestial noon. Departure from this world for the piod will only b6 getting out of the hariT-woj king mine of earthly fatigue into the everlasting radiance of Kdenio midsummer. Home, now! stop tbr.i moralizing and drop that lantern of tiie collieries. The I'*e of Pain. The power which rules the universe, this great, tender power, uses pain as a signal of danger, .lust, generous, beau tiful nature never strikes a foul blow; never attacks us behind our hacks; never digs pitfalls i.r lays ambuscades; never wears a smile upon her face when there is vengeance in her heart. Patiently she teaches us her laws, plainly she writes her warning, tenderly she graduates their force, lxmg before the tierce, red dan ger light of pain is flashed, she pleads with us—as though for her own sake, not ours—to be merciful to ourselves and to each other. She makes the over worked brain to wander from the suh ieot of its latwirs. She turns the over indulged body against the delights of yesterday. These are her cnuth>n| sig nals, "(to slow." She stands In the lillhy courts and alleys that we pass daily, and heekons us to enter and realize with our senses what we allow to exist in the midst of t lie culture of which we hr:ig. And what do we do ourselves? We ply whip and spur on the jaded brain as t hough it were a jibing horse —force it back into the road which leads to mad ness, and go on full gallop. We drug the rebellious body with stimulants, we hide the original and think we have escaped the danger, and are very festive before night. We turn :iside, as the Pharisee did of old, and pass on the other side with our handkerchief to our nose. At last, having broken nature's laws, ami disregarded her warnings, forth she comes—drums beating, colors flyiog— right in front! to punish us. Then we go down on our knees and whiinpei about it having pleased God Almighty to send this affliction upon us. and we pray Him to work a miracle in order to revei>> tin natural consequence* of our I disobedience, or *aV c Us tl'olli til* trouble of d. ing our duty, lit olhet words, we put our fingers in the lire and beg that it may not burl Tmnple Bar. Nil) the l.lght first But. Next time you go out on tin* Michigan Central road take a scat on tin- right liand side of the car, so that you may notice, UIRIUI ten miles down tin* road, a | little old n d farmhouse. Tin curtains ! will be down, the doors shut, and rank weeds and tall grass,s will meet tiie fly. | ing glance in tin* front yard. A month i ago old Nun Rogers lived there; to-day the place is in tin- keeping of rat* and mice and desolation. The old woman | wa* a widow and childless. If she had •i relative anywhere in tins great world, j thus** who buried ln*r were not aware of ] the fact. Sin lived all alone, having only a bit of land and Is-ing aided by kind neighbor* to raise enough to supply her wants. Kevt n or eight years ago, when her last child left home to uiis*t a y lolent dt alh oil this same road, the men of the rai - became interested in th t quaint old farmhou* One night they -aw a bright light in one of thy win dows. lis ray- streamed out over the ilowi r> and tell ujHin the rails along which the wheels thundered, and the cnginet r wondered over the signal. The .amp was there the next lligilt aild the next, and it was never missed for a -ing!<* night until one evening a month ago. Old Nan. deprived of husband aild children, made friends with the rushing train-and their burdens The trainmen sis ill found that the lamp Was for theiu, and they watch'-d for it. During the ■ ariy evening hours they saw old Nan ny's face fas-binil the li fat or at the door, and a thousand times conductors, engi neers and hrak- men have called cheerily 1 through the darknes , "liuod night. ol Nanny; <od bless you' ' W inter and summer the light was there. Winter and summer tin* train men .i-okcd for it. and the more thought lui ones often left a bit oi money with tin station men beyond to help tlie old woman k<*.,, the bright rays shiuing. Tin* lamp wa- not Un-iv for one train, but for ad, and all m- n understood the sentiment and apprt iaud it. One dark night not long ago, when the wind how,e<l ,-uid the r iindrops beat fieroejy agaitisl tn-ad.ighl and cab, the engineers missed tin signal iight The* looked o*r it again and again, n one who sud den y it - an o.d landmark in a city. ; and wln-n they failed to tind it the hand inst inctix' y w mil up to tJie tbrottle, aa ! it danger luikeii un the curve below i Tlach trainman alMiartl that night looked : .'or the signal. Is atnc anxious at its al si'iicc, anil made in juirim at the station* above and Next day men went inun tu 111 iitlie oiti !uu- . fearing old Nanny might b* ill. There sat the iatup on the window-sill, but the oil waxex iiausl'-t!. In her l>ed. si*ining to have , only fallen asleep, was the pool old woman, cold and dead life and lamp had gone out together, and men of rough iN>k and hardened lnmrt tap.ici!. as they heani the news " I'isir old woman' May her spirit i rest in haaven!" /' :n>tt Frtt i'rtM Comets. Tin* comet* on r> orl exciod son What an* Pailixl "short jx-riod" comet* ■ are: K.ncke's, whose time <i| r, Volution is !J years; De Vieo'*. i|; Winne, ke's. ■4: Brorson's. , r 4 ; Bid a - '•!; D \rr,--t'#. '•4; F'aye's "4 . .Mi-chain's. Tei. The lone , • riod comet* are those of I'Wo, who-' time of revolution is H.*H years; that of l"tt. li*-'.(w3 years; of I "To, 75,314 tears; of I*ll, 3.000 ynn; of iKttt. 13.W y.ars.ot ldt. 108,090 years; of I*l7, 13.b1* years; of 1 "vV-. 18,000 ytan; i 1801, I&JW4 ytm. Bielaa' comet divided into two part* in lt*4o. and in lnisi those part* were i 890,090.000 miles aimrt, and bad en* ;ir< y di- ipparsd by letsi I l OGGIA's COUP ( was discovered in l*Tt. It i non-pcrioilica! and was 133,- ikW.tkHt niiii-s from the *tin whin dls ' covered. In .July of tliat year it was ' within tiJ.isat.taiO miles d both earth | ind sun. and it tail was <niput*d to 1m 118,000,000 alkla kv|tk, Dor.ati's comet, disi-overed in IHSS. j bail a tail mil'-* long, ar.d , 11 s mam l**ly very nearly collidixi w itJi Venus. Ait hough sUpjM>ed to lie \ i parous, this ootU' t was calculated to M F'.iN • to have the weight o! a sea TR't feet deep and 40,0ti0 square mill's in extent. 11 alley*# comet ha* Jx-en identified a* identical with the comet* of IW7. lissi mo l-V.t. Its reappearance is prog- H*ticat'sl for 1018. (iucke'w comet [KISSCSKC* no tail, u ti illy. in JHts. •however, it pnwntsd two tails, one toward and one from the sun. Ix'xcil's. or " the lost iximet," was caught or , ntanglial among the satellite ol .lupiter in 1770. reappnuiai in 1770. again liecamo entangled, and ha not tes>n xs'ti since. The superstitions of all times and na tions have rcgardial the apin-arancc of comet* with dread, as licing omens of disaster. The spectroscope fails to show their elicmical composition. It was shown by Schiapaviiii, in |s72. that comet* re sometimes cjnnected witli meteoric showers, and hi* distxivery has Ins n indorsisi by noted a-tronoiners. I.vclio Bralic liiscovervd that comets an'extraneous to our atmosphere, and Newton th t tln-y ari- subjected to the same principle which guides the planets. Three Counterfeits. 'Three new counterfeit national bank nop* have a pin ared. One dollar bills on tin* Nations, Flagle Bank of Boston, tin* on the (Jlobe National Bank of Boston and Dedhaiu National Bank of Hcdbam. Mas*. These counterfeit* are prepared by the photographic process, and will be very dangerous until the public are acquainted with the peculi arities that distinguish them. An ex animation of a genuine bill will show that the whole paper can be distinctly si-en through the red Jim's. The word "series 1875" are so small that it is im possihle to color them. In the counter feit bill they will 1M found badly blurred. The work of genuine lathes is very clear on the hack of these coun terfeits. The green tint is not well imitated. These counterfeits an- printed in black and tiien painted green. ')n some places, on the hacks of the fives particularly, in the center of tin'upper lander, when* the words "National Currency" occur, no attempt has been made to give the green tint. The ones arc much better done, hut on a close ex amination will prove to lie put on after the border has I printed in black. On the genuine national hank notes the hacks are made by two impressions, the lainler in green and the center in black. The following arc the numliers that have bicn used on these counterfeits: On the National Kagle Bank letter A. Treasury number SII.tKM; hank num ber .'Mi1.055. Globe National Bank, let ter (.'. bank numlicr 2,(MM; Treasury numlier 1. 333.71 H. Dedham National j It-ink. Is'ttcr B. bank numlier 824 ; ! Treasury nunilwr It. N>4.B()fi. —AVie York •Star. Qumtsland, the youngest ot the Aus tralian group, occupies the northeastern quarter of the Australian continent and stretches from the northern boundary of Ni xv Hnßth Wales t;> the Gulf ot Car pentaria. It is twelve times the size ol England, twice the size of Canada and half as large again as England, Ireland, Scotland. Wales, France and Spain com bined. It is rich in gold. The boy who sunstitutes a living for a dead hornet in the collection of a near sighted ent sinologist, and tiien nsksthe man of science to show him where the insect's sling is located, should he held responsible for any profane sentiments the victim may advance.— Boston Globe. TKRMB: $2.00 a Year, in Advance. TISKLY TOI'IC*. Al the close 111 last year there were ef.Ml miles of railroad in opera tion in the United States, with a popu lation of nlsiut 38,000,000. The number of mile* of road in operation in Europe was alsiul Pt.ouo, for a population o -olio-thing over 300,000,000. The I'Ditwl States thus ha* a tulle of railroad to alwiut 464 inhabitants, and Europe one ■uile to alxiut 3.3V3 inhahitanu; or. in other words, every iuliabilant of the United States has about seven times as much railroad as every Euruptu. A rtingress for the improvement ol the condition of the blind has been held in Berlin. Foremost among the ques tions was that of the printed or written character U. u->d by I . blind, and the eoligreas de.-id.il that the system of writing and printing by combination of raised points, first introduced by lui B wilk in 1x34. should lie adopted iu tlermasy without modifi.-ation. Another ini|>ortant decision was that tli- prac ticed! uniting the blind and the deaf in the same institution wa* highly objec tionable. 'Hie congress also recorded the fact that in the ex perienee of German institutions rope-making is one of the best trades there practiced by the blind. The funeral of llerlig. a Socialist mas ter turner, wa# the scene ot a great So cialist demon •.nation at Dresden. Sev eral thousand sympathizers followed the txidy Ui Ule grave, but the police took advantage of an old Saxon law against the public exhibition of reputs iican emblems to forbid the wearing ol political ensignia. No funeral oration y as permitted, and wnen a woman -lepfx-d forward and spoke a lew words an onler wa* given to am-sl her. the • xecution of which was, however reu der*-d impossible by the closing in ol the crowd. Several wreath* wen-thrown on the coffin, but not before the police had insisted on the removal of the red nik rihlton* with which they were tied. A great business is being done this year in the importation of iron from Africa for use in American manufac- Torii*. The great reason for preferring African iron to native on- is, of course, it* cheapness, but it has the further ad \ anutgt- of being remarkably free from phosphoru*. Tills ore has been imported to some extent for two or three years, but "never in such quantities as now. one authority estimating that two hun dred thousand tons wi!l tu- shipped to New York this year and half as much to Philadelphia, the latter for use at tiie iron work* in Bethlehem and Johnstown and by the Pennsylvania Steel Com pany. Another notable feature in tin iron trade is the importation of Bessemer pig. of which forty five thouaand ton are known to be under contract for the INiitod State*. There have been no im }*>rtations of this sort la-fore sine* 1873. Mexican Horses. Horses are bred in groat numtwrs at the diffen-nt I acienda* in provinces. Mime ot the largi-r i--ute having eighty or a hundred tliousand cattle and titteen or twenty thousand mules and homes. The pasturage : green ail lte vi-ar round, .and the animal* receive no oilier food. They multiply as the bin!* do, and with a* little profit to their owners. Ijcnermllv -peaking, they run wild until wanted, when they arc caught with a lasso, hood winked and immediately mounted. For the first fift.en or twenty rainutm they exerttheir wlaile -trcnglh to throw tin ir rider. liut. finding thejr effort* unavail ing. patiently submit, and gi-neraiiy give but little trouble nftcrward Owing to their immense numbers, h<>r*<* are sold verv cheap, the averagi- price for an un tiroken hi*rl t* ing eight or ten dollar* a load, with but little demand at that. It -ometime* ix-cur* that the government purchase* a few liundred hr Uie army, but. generally sjx aking. then- an few o -iion* when tiiey can be sold. Mexi can hop., *. a.* a rule, are not liandso ne. and arc -■ iiiotnfmotv than fourteen hands high; -till thev have nothing of the pe eu i:ir bui d iT the pony alout tliem. Fed entirely upon gra**. they yd endure mop' fatigued nd are capable of main taining a rapid igsit for a longer t ; me ticin tip* grain-irdliorsc# of otlier lands. In the town* and eiti<* they receive tic - intic*! of can* and the meagerest nllowanes of fixxt. Tiid up the whole day in the stilling courtyards, they stand pat ion Jy aaaiting their evening ncai Kp'x UI ntly they are turncl loose together- when it pajuirc* the use of a ia*so to'eateh litem. So familiar with this instrument do they become, that the moment the animal fia-ls the rope about it- in- k it stands stock still, when with out it it would not suffer itself to be saddled or bridled. Mad 4'lear Throngh. It is rol.atixi that Hen. Scott's famous letter to Zachary Taylor, announcing the withdrawal of most of the regular troop- from Taylor'- command, to lie pia-i-d under his own in a projected movement from Vera Out toward the capital of Mexico, wa* rei-cived when Hen Taylor was at supper with his staff near Monterey. The gvncral asked Col. Biis- to read it to him. He had just re plenished his rxffw cup. and wa* en gagisl in cooling it with a spoon while the reading went on. This appeared to make no further impression upon him than that indicated by a contemptuous "sniff." but a* the real import of the let ter Ix'gan to apix-ar his whole manner changed, and be ahxtracbally dipped the *txxin into a bowl of mustard, which sat upon the table, and stirred it in the cof fee. This he repeated until by the time the reading of the lettir was finished the contents of tlie mustard howl were exhausted. Without saying a word, and to Bliss' astonishment and horror, lie raised the cup to his lips and gulp**) down the whole abominable compound. He then broke into an excited and pro fane harangue, consigning to everlasting infamy every one concerned in the pro poaed depiction of liis forces, and only ceasing when his spixvh was overtaken by a paroxism of stuttering, which, with him, usually followed a violent out break of temper. The colonel felt sure that from the amount of mustard he had swallowed, combined witli the intclli frencp lie had received, it would inlalli ily sicken him. but nothing uncommon came of it. " Ratsbane, at • that mo ment." said Bliss. " would. I am eon vineed, have liail no more effect upon liini than upon the stomach of a Milh riilati's." Hen. I'leasanton, who <"t>ni mantled the general's escort in Mexico, says that when once thoroughly aroused he was the maddest man he ever saw— mat! Iroui the crown of his hat to the soles of his hoots. Humors of the Paris Kxposition. Among the humors of the late Paris Exposition, says a Washington cor respondent. are the errors committed in the awards of diplomas to a number of American exhibitors, growing out of the unfaiuiliarity of the commission of awards with the American vernacular. In looking over the diplomas which have been received at the office of the commissioner general 'he following have been casually noted: The diploma in tended for the Providence Tool Company is addressed to the Providence /bo/Com pany ; that for the Gardner Gun Com pany is granted for a Fusil pour la Jar diniere or Gun for a Gardener; that for the Wamsutta Mills is granted to .Vows Wamsutta* The Waterbury Button Company receives its diploma in the name of Waterbury, Button <S* Company. The commissioner general, understand ing for whom the diplomas were in tended, forwarded them to their destina tion. The parties, however, expressed great disappointment, especially the "Providence Fool Company," who are anxious for a revision of the sward in so far as the designation is concerned, as thev are hardly willing to make a public exhibition of' their laurels under any such colors as those indicated. NUMBER 38. THE CAXfOH OF NIAGARA. Hvrr NrMrrl.Ni I Han Ibr rail. Tbm •rltM-Tka lK.ik of Ibr Water—l'.l -riclr.ii Kipinratlon*. 'fin (any on of Sin* urn, say* a corre upondent of the Syracuse HUmdnrd, i fur more mysterious than the fail* them- IM*IVC. Within the era <<f civilisation in America no one wiu able to *u< ••**. fully pierce through the fiert* and terri ble undercurrent to the bottom, until re cently the governno-nt iUelf thought it necetiaary. In behalf of nietn*. U under take the task. All the gn-al scheme* imagined to ire strictly lelfßtllf were put in operation by bunglers to cdrtain the depth *of water beneath the fall*, tiara ol railroad iron, paiia of stone*, and all unreasonable, bulky and awk ward instruments were attached to long line*and cast off from th' railway bridge and elewhere, but positively refused to sink. The very bulk of the instrument wu sufficient, no nuttier what their weight, to give the powerful undercur rent away to buoy them upon the sur face, or near it. The United State* Corey of Engineers, however, witii a .mat! lead of only twelve pound, weight attached to a blender rope, or sounding-cord, easily obtained the depth, iron the (alia to the lower bridge. A. your correspondent assisted in the hy 'lrographiral operations, the facta may he given a. they presented themaeive* One day he launched in a small boat not far below the fail, and entered on a mobi exciting and perilou* exploration of Uie canyon. The old guide, long in charge of the miniature ferry situated here, accompanied the party. With gteat difficulty we approached within a short distance of the American falls which darted great jets if water on U> and far out into the stream. The rosr ww so terrible that no voice or human sound, however near we were to one an other. could be beard. The leadsman cast the linc.which passed r .pidlv down and told off eighty-three feet. This was auite near the shore, facing out of tin friendly eddy which iiad assisted us up so near the fails, we shot rapidly down stream The next cast of the lead told of 1(10 feet, deepening to 192 feet at tin inclined railway. The average depth to llie Swift Drift,what* the river suddenly becomes narrow, with a velocity too great to be measured, was 153 feet. Just under the lower bridge the whirlpool rapids set in. and so violently are the waters moved that they rise like ocean waves to the height of twenty fee*., at this point our correspondent, at the time of the survey, computed the depth at 210 feet,which is accepted as approxi mately correct. Tli* terror* of the gorge below Uii* j point are known to but few. Indeed the ft Kit of man scarcely ever treads this I infernal legion. where a)m<tsi jarpen : >iit-ular walls rise oo each side of the verge of the river from S!7u u> I>6o feet in height. Here the continually crumbling of the rtx ks has formed a precipitous oath way in piai-es on tbe river's edge; elwwh* one must ding to the crevices in the rock, to jutting crag*, or other wise to get along. A party of four of us made a survey of the interior of tiiis can yon from Lewiston to Suspension Bridge With great difficulty we clambered along It was a tearful yet exciting ex ploration. At tim<* the river would rise suddenly some ten and even fifteen feet as if a great dam atmvehaul broken, causing a hasty retreat of the parties up the side of the canyon. From point* above. na-ks and stones frequent ly MI. causing lively apprehension, and. to add to tiie catalogue of embarrassment*, an occasional rattlesnake attempted to re tard our progress, and one of them was killed and his rattles pn-served in com memoration of the ever t. (letting into the canym at lx*wision was compara tively easy hut making one's way out was another thing. N*>-arlv a mile be low Iteveaux (oiler*, which is situated half a mile north of Suspension Bridge, the possibility of making <>ur way along the river's edge ceased. Xlgilt was iusl approaching, and It was a day's liard work, nearly, to make lx-wisUin". Above. Uie rock towered nearly 3f* feet. We had the alternative of remaining in tiiis abode of terror* over night and return ing to Ix-wiston the following day. or of fighting an almost impossible passage to the steps leading down from the col lege we determined to accept tin latter. After an hour's climb we made our way to within 100 feet of the top. where just a narrow ridge formed by the crumbled debris seemed to extend. We followed this perhaps half a rod, when it came to an abrupt termination. Sev eral rods beyond was a broad pathway lejuiing up to the rocks.but in the interim oniy the ban- wails of rock, almost per pendicular from the top to the rushing water. STO leet below, met the despair ing gaw of our party. Just above our heads was a crevice in the rock* whieh seemed to cross Uie intervening spare. With almost certain doom staring us directly in Uie face, we determined to try to cross by standing tiptoe in the crevice ami cling to the juitings of the rocks. Tiie various implements of the parly were divided up. a heavy theodo lite falling to your correspondent, which was strapped on his hark. The tallest clambered up to the crevice first, tiie otlcrs assisting and following, and the writer getting up last. Then began a perilous struggle to reach the pathway beyond. All arrived there safely, when your correspondent, with the heavy burden >n his hark, was but midway across. Here a sharp rock just tlw height of the breast impeded the way. In at tempting to get around this the boot failed to find a resting piece. The heavy instrument was pulling me off tuy bal ance. The fingers were loosening their slender hold; 100 feet above was the calm, safe world. 107 below the roaring of the waters. One fK>t slipped off and was going down—down: a mist came over the eyes when my foot caught on j a slender goosebi rrv-bush and a hand suddenly grasped back and drew me around to a sate standing place. In a moment more the pathway was reached and the safely of sill assured, but never will the frigh'tfu! scene have the senses. One of the party saw the danger and rescued the participant, or else the gooseberry - bush was the saving means— we have never quite understood which. " Papa WraugePs" Win. " Papa W range!," the venerable Arid marshal who died lust year in Berlin, hiui more than tlio proverbial German thrift. A comical illustration of his eco nomical peeuliarities has just come to light at Wiesbaden, where a famous mil itary hospital exists, named atter the Kmpeior. and founded chiefly by army suliseriptions, every officer in the Ger man forces, from sub-lieutenant to field marshal, having contributed one day's nay to the original cost of construction, l'apa Wrangel visited and carefully in spected this institution in 187S, but de parted without making the customary contribution to its collection-box. A fortnight later, however, the hospital authorities received a large hut not very heavy packet, accompanied by a letter from his excellency, stating that the package in question contains a gift for the infirmary, but must not he opened until after the death of the illustriout giver. No mention was made of the value of the present, hut the size and weight of the parcel led the trusting di m-tors to believe that it contained se curities or perhaps hank notes to a con siderable amount . A short time ago the packet was formally opened in the pres ence of several army officers, invited to witness the ceremony, which was pre faced by an oration expatiating upon the generosity of the deceased field marshal, " the hospital's noble benefactor." The seals were broken; first one paper cov ering, then another, was removed, and so on. till quite a hillock of wrappers aros# upon the table. At last came a omd-bonrd ease, and inside it a photo graph of Papa Wrangel's favorite writing-table in his study at Berlin! The photograph •was not even framed. Astronomy lais Easy. Hi-diddle-diddl*. Tho SOB'S ia IHO miiAa, And plaaow arooad kirn sogiaad Acs swinging in spas*. Hold forovsr in plans In th* Zodiac girth* or fannd. Illdiddl*.diddle. Th* dan's in lh middle, And Memory'* Mat to th* soa, WhO* V*nos so bright. Seen at morning or night, on* sooond to |oin la lbs lan. Ili-diddla-diddlo, Tho Son's ia th* middi*. And third in th* group is oar Karl*., Wlul* Mar* with h Am, Ho wart lb* and dire. Swings around to bew.ioi. I ti.-earth. Hi -diddl*-d !ddl*, Th* Sun's ia tb* middle. While Jupiter. n*st alter Mar*; And his lour moons si night Show tii* *p**d of th* lights Nsit golden-ringed Saturn appear*. lil-dktdle-dliidle. The Sun's in the middle, After Saturn oomes Uranus tor; And his antic* so <)u**r, led astronomer* oner Co old Neptune, who drives the hurt u ITEMS OK INTEREST. AD imperious Caaoar—The sheriff. An indearrihable uncle—Carb-unci a Sound logic—Arguing through tho telephone. How many passenger* will a train of circumstances carry r Parker county, Tcvas, boasu of co cumbers thirty-six inches ong. Mount Stanford, in the Sierra Neva das. is covered with red snow. A man who declared himself to be in- I toucau-d with music was considered air tight. A new Mormon temple now in course of erection at Salt Istke City is to cost $5,<00.000. To use the new machines or the old fashioned washboards? Aye. there's lbs rub.— iXrayutu.. There are now in Texas over 5,000,000 i sheep, lmsl year over 11,000,000 pounds of wool wet* shipped out of the State In Tennessee. South Carolina and Delaware clergymen are not permitted i to become member* of the Statu Legia ■ ature. A Black Hills correspondent states thai he believe* the development of the mineral resources of the Black Hills has only oegun. A fashion item .ays short dresses will be the rage in the tail. Long dreuses have been the rage in the fail—of many man. (Jonsmda Enterprise. A tarns owl used in former times to be as common in English barn, as a cat in the house. He was kept for the mice which depredated on the grains. An electric light in Saratoga enabled ' jxTKons to read a newspaper at Ballston, | seven and one-half mnts distant, on a lark night. A powerful reflector was ' Used. Samuel Xussbaum murdered bis wife at Girardeau. Mi.souri, and was slopped % tn an attempt io kill himself an the spot; but he was determined to die, and lias finally accomplished his purpose by starvation. " It's a proof of the singular operation of the human mind," says a mentai phil osopher. •• that when two men accident ally change hats, the man who get# the worst tile is always the first to discover the mistake." Mr. Savage, an old man in the Ilart' ford pourbouse, has a weli-authentjcated claim for about sloo.oo© of the French *poli_tion fund, and the money i* it. the L tailed States treasury, but Congress re i fuses to pay it ouu Mr*. Elisabeth Thompson is circuLst ; ing a tract which shows that the pec pie ! of the United States pay over $700,000,- i <(00 a year for spirituous and fermented I liquors, and only $*5,500,000 foreduca. j lion and $48,000,000 for religion. The French have been trying, with *otne success, the plan of towing canal boats by locomotive*. A railway is laid down on the towpath. about one meter (3* incites) from toe side of the canal, and on this are run small CH-O motives of four or more tons, according to lb* weight to be pulled. The forest near Dillon. Kansas, has an uncommon hermit in the person of a j young and not ugly women, who lodge* in * rude but. eat# vegetables and game of her own getting, and will not say a ■ word to persons who intrude upon iter. It is conjectured that she is insane; but. aside from her lonely mode of life, there ' is nothing in her conduct to sustain that belief. A West avenue lather found Julia's j lover staying so late every night, foi the ; past two weeks, that he finally thought j t*. best to break tn upoo the couple in the ; parlor, and a-k the \oung man his in ten 11ions. ** My intentions." exclaimed the frightened but sagacious youth, " are to dig right home as fast as possible. Mamma told me to be sure and not stay out past nine o'clock, and I guess it must lie near that time now. Good night.— Rochester Erprrst. mss axsns. The beauteous, hnxom Bertha Bangs U one ol oar divine*! girls; the hangs the doors and liangv the chairs. And likewise hsng* bar auburn curls. She hang* on the pinna?. too. And tmags upon th* light fatter — But, oh. of all the hang* she hang*. She mostly bangs her auburn ha r. Oh. hanging, bouncing, buxom belle. The poet's lyre with rapture twangs— RamaMvs to the influence Of thy beloved sad beauteous hang*. —Si. Let.- TMl"ie. It is estimated that there are in the United States 400.000 railway cars of a£ kinds, also 16.000 engines. These engines and cars in traveling over the roads lose annually between 4.000,000 and 5.000.000- I of.nuts. These will weigh over 1.500.- 000 pounds, and their cost is between $30,000. and $40,000, and ttiis loss is continued from year to year, saying nothing of the nuts thrown in the scrap heap, with their bolts worthless from the use of the jam nut. also the liability to acciden; from loose nuts. The shade* of night were tailing last When a mnaquito rose from hat ing parsed A day o! henry slumber. He stretched hi* ing* and scraped bis bil And aaid unto himself. " I will (io forth in search ol plunder. " With happy song he sped away. And ne'er returned Uil break ol day. The morning dawned. With haggani taee A family ol the human race Arose from couch ol care. The sheet* were torn, the bolster buret. The father ol the lkmily curved. That moaqnito had been there. Pittsburgh Leader. The great importance which ostrich farming has acquired : n Southern Af rica may lie seen from an ostrich auc tion recently held at Middloburg, Cape Land. The" lowest price paid for one pair of these birds was £IBO. and several pairs fetched £385. A few years ago ostriches were obtained by" hunting only, and at that time a good bird could be bought for a menagerie or a zoologi cal garden at a moderate price. But since their domestication and the devel opment of ostrich farming as an indus i try their price lias risen enormously. At present the Zoological Garden in London owns not one living ostrich. From the Cape of Good Hope 2,297 pounds of ostrich feathers were exported in 1860. at a value of £19.261; but in 1873 the exportation had risen to 31,581 pounds, at a value of £159,679, and re cently a hunch of picked bloods were sold at Port Elizabeth lor £67 15*. a pound—that is. about 15s. a feather. Three Successive Golden Weddings. The golden wedding of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Francis Adams took place re cently at Quincy, Mass.. in the same house where that of John Adams was celebrated in October, 1814, and that of John Quincy Adams in July, 1847. The intervals safe thirty-three and thirty-two years—the lifetime oi a generation—and there has probably never been another instance in this country where three successive generations have celebrated their golden weddings beneath the same roof. John Adams was seventy-nine yews old and John Quincy Adams eighty years old when they celebrated their golden weddings. Charles Francis Adams married earlier in life than either his father or grandfather, and he is now seventy-two years old. ,