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W. MOORB, Editor and Proprietor.
VOL. XXXVI. WHOLE NO. From the United Sutoi Magntine. ( IE Oil) 1-8 T UEi'UllLIC IS T1IR About the middle ofthe Gftb century (coording to tome authorities in 4 11, and rtlifr iu a native ot JJalmatia, (bile employed in building the bridge jfKimini, attracted by his piety the no lice ot Uirudentius, Bbhop of liie&eia, by ,hom he was made a deacon. boon alter be retired to Mount Titano. icrgy and almost inaccestiblo mouutuin illumed ou the coast ot tbo Adriatic, be iweeo Ancona an1 Florence, in latitude iwU'narlh. nnfl lrtnoitiiHa 15 9 I N M' Mil,fiUn tue uesign 01 leaaing a hermit i. ii. .ninlrii .An.ii.1:.,. t. Muoii'y. ana ina iiaiun irincess whOi i -i i. . . owdsu the territory, gave it to biia. -i'uuiuiiibiu -ni anoneneu ueyond Thereupon a considerable number of .f 6 narrow limits of thi3 petty prov fuiiiie took up their residencu on the mp.e' ,rot, and a reublican form of govern- neot was instituted; thus lay ing the ! undation of iho town and Unpublio of Mirino. or .San Ma iuo, which, though wsseMingthesunllesl terriiory of any Sule in Europe, and superior iu popula- lion to but lo, lUeobtmistein, iu Uer- ainy. and Melltngen.t in Switzerland. I Jim reserved its independence to this day, i period of 1,400 years, doting which the Venice, Verona, Genoa,.rv., Lave fallen.'! irvuuest Jtepuuitcs or iNoiiaero Italy, In tact, the Contentions which dilated these more powerful Slates, and which e- ( Teutaally produced iheir destruction, msy have contributed in some measure to I the conliunance of their weaker 'neigh !bori Sao Marino Laving always been a jilace. of refuge for nil who sought peace , mid the turbulence of the feudal age ; 4 and who, there, like our Pilgrim fillers, flight be expected to aim at the cstiib- liibaieot and maintenance of ioatitutioDa tfrafrotu thoso elements of discoid and iliifo which chaioclerized the Govtro- arnt under which Ihe hd lived, and j (iota which they had fled. The social or i douHslio htstory of so remarkable a Slato. tculd it be wiitieo, would be curious and , initructive ; but, unforfuiiaiely.tliat very I itigciCcf.i ce v.h,th has ojeittcd to pre- irv ita independent existence, U al- K a suuivieub reiwun wur room tnea J pi record exist lroai which to learn par hicuUrly of its growth, or of the iiuer- uiil n.ODBccnitiil of ite ofluirs. Jin tjofltoi . . . l i a i t .v 1 history may be briefly told. Iu the year ; I1UU the l.epuunc purciiaseu the Lust I o I of 1'eiiDurobta, and in 1170 that ot Casolo. Durit g the wars of the Guelpha end Ghi- Uliues, in the tellth and thit tuenth cen-! Hints, tt.etopio ot ti.n Jianno took trt wi'.h the latter, supporting tho rve- j Wiftotis of Emptror, Henry lv of Ger juisny, in oj. position lo the ambitious j tiheuits ofj Gitgcry VII, ctid were incon j (rqance excouimunicaled by Innocent j IV. In the frui teptf b century, Giacnma j l'eliiw plotted with the I'odcata of fires jnsitidthe Archbishop of Montafultre, to Oliver Sail Muriuo into thoir Lauds. j Happily hr the Iiepublic, his dan was, jilircumed. lit confessed his crime and j uifered death asa traitor, luward the tad of the same century, too commune lJJ E,vcs n vcry Pnanl thouaii nnper beiogiurauioued to pay certain dues end fect.account of it. 0. W. Irving, former tm to the i'anal Governiuout, refused; United States Minister to .Spain, in ai tho mv.ter I oini referred to a learned t of Rimini, called Palatneda, he de nied that the communo aud men of San XnriLO were exempt from payment, hav- . iag been of old independent of all foreign ioaiiiiion a decision which was confirm- "td by tho Vicar Theixloric. ' lo ll'iO, Tope Pius II, being engaged in icoutest witu Mulatcsta, Loid of Himiui, :ectjivii tha assistance of tho inhabita'its jfMarlno, and in return presented to bem tbe four small castles, or forts, of rale, Faetano, Mont Giurdiuo, and florentino. ! Tho S'ate was at this time in a Gouritb ot condition, and became un object of suitiou to the adventurous or uvan ' nis ; and it was compelled for years to i i'rugglo for its iudependence. In 173'J, l nuble but intricuing Cardinal Alberon! iting failed, ia bis ambiti nis scheme i'ilh other Siates. turned his attention to.! ; rd this tiiinialurd Uopubl.o 'uich gave ri-e to tbe celebrated Jf the good-humored and jocular, but tern- TheCardiual alleged that the Govern- asnt had beci'uo a nurrmw oligarchy, nicontrive 1 n i!iiDrei tho Court nf Ijme with tlu b.diuf llut the pe iple do- irsd the protection of tho Uiiurch thore. lai. Having received the coosent of i;be deceived 1'ontitT, ha repaired thithor, wd conquered the proviuca wilh a aingle mpany of soldiers and a lew olllcors of slice. The people appealed to Clement Xir, who restored iU former freedom and sieges. Indaed, inclosed ai U the ...!.. iu . ftl. ,i.l, ii l.- ?orizingaod otitic 1'ontilt Ueueuict AlV ,wuu a uaruy young stripling, wno proven anally to be lostereu onu encourugeu m a iiberoni is a like glutton, who, afer hav- lo bo a political fugiiive that had taken State, is tho possibility of liberty an 1 in- agmiten a Urge salom, cannot help cusl- refuge in San Marino ; nnd the Iiepublic, dependence weakened. Tho s'rp from (i wishful eve at a minnow." I bko a true "City of Kefuge" had shelter- individual slavery, as victims of our own snerally boen under the protection of upper part of tho mountain, the summit j run, " two roads) tro dm worltl WO its Pope, which, perhaps, accounts la of which is crowued by an old castle with f ono am ft broatl and natTO'.v road that muit-.uie, at least, tor its long con tin-' lb fee towers, on one of which tho.tandatd j icluis to j)mlition, Mu tho odor a uar ,ce. I of the Uepublio waves. row an(l bl.oaj road that icud3 l0 aci. J according to some auinoruies, itie; ( ute was icloieu to ireoaitn, in tneiore-j ;'wg iu. uincs;, luiuugu i-mneror ot Germany. Charles VI. leon, during the period of his success Italy, preionied thorn with four small 4UD0D, and o.Tered to increase their ter- ) itci r,'. ;1 tR soistlstt oftbs Prlnoipali of tho Gf iniSfllo C( cfcderstioo, has an '" nrHftj-thrss sqnsro miles, aad s pupulatlun .ifiboul irrco tiiousaad. tiycn, la Switserlsnd, contains eigat uiireil inbsliltasts, (Including women and llireo) all Catholns, and for the most fart wki'iiith, farriors and locksmiths. They 'prist a Itsuablio undor tbe erotsotion of the 'tdt tncisot cantons, bat dcpondinn upon none They have a town-houss aJoraed with sius of tbe eight cantons. Tbe Orsnd Coun 0D(i(it of foarteen psrsous, the Little Coun ' it Ub, and tbe Priv; Council of tbree. Tbe ruiie is rsprssentedby lo Adngirs. I860. ritory. His present was nniiPrnnal t n lpn!o,l K.,t . vvnijf I, Hi'in.i t ii i"j'"n rospeciiuuy The territory is industriously and skillful VC' i ., wotleratl.on ou this jy cultivated, aud yields fruits, silk, oil, S Z'J6 PrfTed. b Rn : cor, and wtne-th latter particularly in iurh ,?nW ?Ti - l. 6 ,n8ec.ur,t.v r greU abundance, it forming their priori- ut h ? 'f,Cllll,ef possessions, or pe artielo of commerce. 1 SZ..?.? d"te.rm,nl,0. Government win the hands of a Senate foSI Jn y V Vr hen 0W" limiU ' of luree hundred elders, and an Kxecu intrHIn P!et for,f)lher P"e to 'tire Council of twenty patricians, twenty ft ? 1 ,U,r'' lll7 Ur? d0U.bJ- burghers, and twenty plants. vMS f f7h W"' ith To.?,,.mm. elected quarterly, are of V?eHnay ' U,nr"8 ai the head of the Executive, and it is Ki..,.' . , I mentioned as a singular fact that the oath l" "' " ."r.""' ' "P'80n. iromjof tie Executive power is taken on the w France an iu nonce me scepter ot Book of Statutes, and not on th Evangol the iron crown of Lorubardy , 0n important occasions, an Artnno. r vuoch uovon-ea me recon ""'' u ai'iiuriiuiiiiieni 01 inn unni i ercd and mmiv timAi il!im.ml.iiM,i ii l:kll Alulae uenosnna its territories were assigned l. ,Me K'g of Sardinia ; Venice and its aepentencies, to the house of Austria; u n ,,he "Jopendflnce of San Marino, 'bo last of Italian Uepullics, wss formally ec.lnrl- In 1802 the citizen remodel -d w","nun)Di lucreasing mo numlKr oi iueir councilors. J heexnennnp.. nf the laie revolution in Italy tend to con vey the impression that though the io babhants of Marino are doubtless in the njoymeut of liberty ami tranquility, but noihii g f the iii it of Kej ub icunism ex ibis amarg mem, aavciu name. U'lien the little band of patriots undo Garibaldi were retrpuiinu before theco u bined Aiutrian and Erench ainiies, on their arrival at S.m Marino, they wie closely prised by iheir pursuer, hem med in, and a'l attack threateueii ; tho ichiibitanU of tho ancient Kepublic manifested but little sympathy in their cause, though as fellow "republicans" (nominally, at least,) eomo expression might have Ue.n expected. On the other baud, their isolation, the ineflicieiicy of iaQy B'1' lupy wight bo able to furnish, aud ttie almost certainty of fruitletsly endau- gering ibeir own indeiHlenoet might be regarded as a sulhcieut excuse for iheir teeming indiffeience. Nevertheless, tho opinion urevails that tr.ey ae a, much under the control j : i'.i.i umi . .md m:iy jireserve them an in of Hie Tope' eminsuribs as the inhabitant t depenloi)i and dis'.iuci people centuries of the countiy around, and not uiui h ! looirei . ibeir euiiors in education, or freedom: lf.,im..i.,n..iii.An 'I'l. :.. r . ... . .. 1 Irom sui orstiliou. I his fuel is not with ou Jimpoitance, ns the existence of an iuarino nas oeen poinieu out us an evi dence ol Ihe compatibility, or at least the noH - coinpahbility of l'apacy with an in- U'liigcni scii-governtuuut ana treo icstitu- lii Or, It it a utile remarkable that tr u eleis in Iuly, either anrieut or niodurn, have iu so few iuawnces bestowed even a parsing glance upon tirs nuerestips on- munity. Maximilian Mission, a French lawyer of some celebiity, who h ave ed iu Ituly in the seventeenth century, return K concerning tho Iiepublic: " 1'his little swtiiru ol beet hath maintained itself very hrppily for many ages not being exposed lo trie envy or jealousy of any of iis neighbors." Addison, wl o vinited about tul"J'3 B P"g"ni;e to 'ho spot, and is veiy enlbusibstic in his ' praises of the place and people. Ho found that but one American before him, W'ru. Hunter, of South Caroliua, iu 17'Jti, had visited il. Mr. Irving ppesks in the warmest terms of the delight, with which ho was received as an American ; and compliments tho in telligence of the inhabitants, and toeir acquaintance wii h tho ii.siitutions of our country. Another of our countrymen, Mr. II. T. Tuckeriuan, visited the Repub lic at a later date, uud gives a glowing ac count of the tree anil happy coudition of iis favored inhabitants. Ho narrated a circumstance which at once heightens our opinion of ihe intelligence and indepen ae,it "I'1"1 tue pcoj le cl the Kepublic, ,R" excites our wonder at lha fobetiranco of the buiiounding Governments, lie pn', w,,en returning from his vUii, on reatliina the little bridge which divides annctwie iepuDi;can terriiory inru iumiui, ion mot' be observed a venerable woman leaning upon the parape', in eurncst conversation ed many Mich. i iius iiiueu are w o uo.o to Larn of the history of this lemaikablojsubnrdinaiion ti the succrsui extension of Slato. lis temtory, originally limi.n.j to, tbo sing'e mounluin of I'ilano, has been Uentior.hl l i)dage to political is !iit, gradually snd tquitably increased by gift ! ur.d has ever been enily tsken. As re- and purchase, and at the present time; publican, we have interest in the ousists of the capital, San Marino, built : lesson imparted by this miniature State, on the mountain, and four villages round ' ond ns iutelligont men we shall not dis- Ihe footof it, vis: Serravallo, Faetano, Acduin to-receive instruction fioui any q'laviva, and Feglio togaher covering au , souice, however htimMo. aroa of twetny-tivo square miles, and num- vin.,nv Tl-em"rpr " snid beting, in 1845, 7.000 inhabitants; m M.anO StftMOS.-- Uf 1 IS.10. H.40J. The canlta stand on tho ft. Sab!? OriUOl'. Oddl'CSHinff fllfl 1)1 OtU- The town is built with little regularity,1 and is badly paved ; the streets are steep, anu praciicauie oniy iur muies biiu uuu- accessible by only oneroad;and they have a bin forbid.linunnwnnnnr thoir on mm. munity to enter the town by another path. 1 lest a new avenue should be open ou the' town hall, tho square before which is Iarie and command! a fine view of tho! neighboring Appenines ; six churches, ono having the tomb and a handsome marble statue ofthe founder, St. Maiino, (who is venerated as greatest of the Saints, next lo tho Virgin Mary,) and further adorned by fgu res in stucco of tbe Twelve Apos tles, placed in niches j two convents, a theater, the Governor's jilaco, with sohools, museums, and two vast cisterns, which os tbt town affords no spring water, PRINCIPLES, CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, MAR. 22, 1865. 1 - it .i m . . . . are inuwpcnsuuie lortnousooi iliopubic. or Ureal Council, is convened, to which every family baa tho privilege of deputing a representative. In this. Artngn the sov ereign power was origamilly lodged, but ii was found to be productive of too great confusion. Justice is administered by a Commissa ry, who must ahojjs be a foreigner, and a resident only three years. Great impor tance has been attached to this arrange ment, as lending to promote equity and fairness in t tie judgment pronounced, and lo prevent the feeling of jealousy likely to be awakened by tho selection from ho small a community of ono of them selves to adjust legal difficulties in which tin aibitrntur could be hardly less inter-ei-tml from the parties at variance. The Slate supports a hospital, the phys ician of which must bo 35 yeprs t.f nge, and remain in ollice three years; it is his duty, ni addition to visiting the sick, to inspect all the drugs tliut are imported. four superior and two t-Iementary schools are ii!.o maintained at the public cunrgf. une or ine rniet aootrmes requir ed to be instilled into the minds of the pupils is that of satisfaction with their cuudiiiiin, love of llu-ir country as of thoir own luuHe, and nf their fellow-citi.ons as of thir own families. il is this system of education, j'limied for many generuiions, which fostering the conviction that everything valuable is cen tered on their nativt rock, has prevented their embroiling lheueNea in the aL'iiiis of neighlioring Slates, checked tho growth of that love of unlimited extension co pie- judicial to the strength of republican iu- The military forco of the State consists r ... I . l . jof some e.ight or nine h.imlred men, each family being obliged to furnish ono capa ble of bearing anus. The number on du ty in ordinary times is, however, but fony or fifty, while, in cases of grant emergency, the entire community serve tho Siate ia ibis cjpncily. Tim populutioo if the ItrptibllC has lu creaJud legul.nly and moderately. l)e ites ihe naturul increase among them selves, accessions, us has been iniimaied, are frequently made from iho le.-s j.eace ful and prosperous communities around them. Strangers are permitted In settle, and afier six years residence, may bo nat r ilized, and hold inferior offices. One of tho rhi?f attrac'ions olleied by San Marino to scholars, next to its histor ical ussociatiiins, is the suiiorh cabinet rich in consular and inipeii.il exumplos meUU, numbering upward of forty thousand, colleo'ed by theCavaliere Ilerg- hes an adopted i i.iz.Mi, and ono of the liist echolars of model n Italy. S'o cannot closn ibis bi ief narrative without considering' in a few lines, tho el oments which have ci nbin -d to preaorvo in imlppendent happinets, for so many eeii'.tuies, this intero&tinK people. Altei uinking due iilloauce lor the favorable (irc'iiii-t!niees of their itiu'aiion undsiuall cit ss of populution, il must bo admitted tliut the L'ieut and sullicient causo is to be found in lht universal senliniontof content and fraternal regard pervading tho entire comaiui'y, and the absence of arijinordi nate ambition, rivalry, and love of con quo'l and gain, luxury and ostentation. These peculiarities tniy ba imitated with great advantagoby every State ihe Ir.rger and more prnqierous. ihe more es sential are they. We have npiilir time nor inclination lo attempt the not diffi cult task of proving from hii-tory that just iu proportion as the qualities we ueprect ate are permitted to lake root, ond come vices ond passions. abiolute the mm t vi-cit i-i o'.hen- from sociul and con truetion r)ilt js Jat'iiJ ono of Lin liOu- r kjj t .. " I say, my Irotlircn, there aro two ro:uU ll'O disWOrlJ tllO OnO am U broad narrow road that leads toper ditioti : tho odcr a narrow and broad road that Icnda to destruction If thntamdocaso," Baid hisBablo qiicstoincr, "discullud individual takes to do woods. 8i-jr,''Fatlier, I don't like the Bishop." "Why, my child I" "Eecauso he sprinkled water all over my new dress, and said, "Fauny, I des pise thco.'' ' fcjrWheii is a tooth, not attooth a lien it is a king- not MEN. Sherman Retaliating for the Killing of. His Foragers-Reply of tho Confeder-' ate Qeneral Wado Hampton. IIcADQUiaTF.Ks. Militarv Divicjau . Tin Misssssii'i-i, is tub Field Fob 21 I'l" r' ;n 1 e Iuedn,i"ie 1 shall hold Lieutenant General Wade Hampton Comm'aZ 1 Uln of vour hostages for thoie dinj Cavatru llrm, C 8 A General! ' "'""D you have ordered to bd executed. I It isoffldaily reported to me Uial ihe for-l"mw0urii ' ' aging parties aio murdered after caoturo' marro. Lieutenant General. and lahujieu, "death t) all forauera." One,M instance of a: lieutenant and seven men, near cnestoiriehi, and another of twenty "near a ravine, eighty rods from the main road," about three miles from I-VimIpp. ... . . .. viuuou niiuiMur numuer oi prisoners in our hands to bo dn;osed of in a like manner, -1,. hlt.iitout one thoufund.. pi isoners capturd in various nayn, nod can stand il as long as you; but I hnrdly think these minders are committed with your kiio.vl edg; and would suggest that you give notice to the people m large that oiery life taken by theiu simply results in the death of one of your Confederates. Of course you cannot question my rijrht to forage in the country. It U a war ri"ht ni old ai cixing it history. Tho manner of exer - varies with circumstances, and if the civil authorities will supply my re ' quisitions, i win imiijiu all loi aging. Uut I find no civil authorities who can re-pond lo calls for forage or provissions, and there Cue must collect directly of the people. 1. lluvo noiloubl this 18 the neeusinii of I much niibbehuvior on the part of our!denl '.race-i himself and the nation by llllf.li lull. I oiinnnt ..f;i .... . . I B l) I IGlkt'llJ Lf in a t ftl fl rtf in Inv inl inn . t limn ; Out 1 cannot permit an enpnw to jodjjti or punish with wholesale minder. personally I i egret the bitter fcelinc engendered by this war ; but they wore to be expected, and I simnlv a'.lon thnl thore who struck the first blow and made war inevitable ought not in fairness to re proach ue for the natural consequences, I merely assert our war right to forage, aud my retolve to protect my foragers to the extent of life for life. I am, with res pect, yourobsdient servant. IV. T. Snr.HMAN-, Major General U. S. A. UENSRAL 6HER5I.N'S KF.PI.V. Headquarters in the Field, Feb. 27. 18t;r).- M,ijr Uoicral H T. , Sherman, U. S. . I rmy General Vour commu n ioat ion of the 21th inst. reached me in-day. In il you state that il has been oHioially re ported that your foraging parties were murdered" uft-jr cupture, anil yr.u go on to say that you had "onleud u similar number of prisonen in you' hands to be disposed of in like manner." That is to say, you have ordered a number of Con fed crate Ruhheis to be "uiuidered." Vou characterize your order in proper terms, for your iublio"voin. evtn in your own country, where it seldom dure to express itself in vindication nf truth, hin or or justice, will surely agree wuli you in pionouoeinc vou iruiltv cf mu.d. r. if your order is curried out. Ili-fore dismissing this portion of your letter, 1 bog toassure you forovory to il or of mine ' murdered" by you I shall have execu e i ai unco two oi yours, civmg. in ail c isis, preference lo any oflicers alio may be in my hand. In reference to the statement you make regarding the death of your foragcis, 1 have only to say that I know nothing of it; that no orders given by mo authorize tho killing of prisoners after capture, and Unit 1 do not believo that my men killed any of your-", except under ciiciuustauees in which it was perfectly legitimate and proper they should kill Uliem. It is a part uf ihe system of the th eves whom you designate as your foragers, to lire the dwellings of those cit:zeiu wii jni they hu ve robbed. To check this inhuman system, which is justly execrated by every civilize 1 na tion, I have directed my men to bhoot down all of your nu n who are caught burning houses. This oid u- shall remain in forco as lonii as you disgrace the pro fession ot arms by allowing your uicu lo d.-stroy private duellings. You say that I cinnot, of crur5 ques tion yojr right lo foiago on tho country. "It is a right ns old as histoiy." I d ) tint, sir, rpicslion this right. l!at thnro is n tight older even than this, and one more inalienable the right that overy man has lo defend his home and protect lhoehsi are dependent upon him ; and from my heart I wish that every oid man and boy iu my couniiy who cin fire a g in, would shoot dow n, ns he would a wil l be.-nt, the men who are desolating our land, burj ing their houses aud in-juhiog their wo moo. Vou aro particular in defining nod claiming '"war rights." M-iy I tk if you euuuieralo among them the l ight lo lio upon a defim-'uless city without notice, to burn that city lo the ground alter it h ul been surrendered by tho authorities, w ho claimed, though in vuin, that protection which is alays accorded in civilised war faro to non-cjinbtitaiits ; to fire the dwell ing houses of citizens after rnLVmg tlmm and to perputra'e even darker crimes than these crimes loo black lo be mentioned. xounava penumeu, ir you have not J ordcieJ, the cjmmis6ion ot tueje ollonsea! against humanity and tho rules nf war. ? U.-oM.OjS. and the total ordinary expen- tho oilier members were to demntid his ro ou Died into the city of Columbu wuh- K0, weie .22.1 ,000, nnd extraordinary.' l"so. but they were not to kill anybody, outa word of warning. After iu s'irrrm. ?2, 1 3-1,21 -total, 5H).0'J.1.91l; leaving 1 believe it was considered desirable to gut der by the Mayor who domandel ! pro- i"r tot fRining3. f t,035 .113, which is over all tho drafted men in tho club. Tho idea teotion to private property, you laid the 1 .) p0r cent, on tho cost of the roads and was that tho club would bo stronger so that, wholo city jr. fishes leaving nmid us nuns j canals. A report has been published of in case a member was nrrested thero would thousands of old men and helple3 women imnrly all tho roadi of Pennsylvania, by I bo wore to secure his rulcae. Vi'o wero and children, who ore likely to perish of i which it sppears that they transported in sworn to help each other. Patrick Curley starvation and exposure, Your lino or; ISO , 1 1,232 C18 pajsengors, that the total ' sworo ia Ja-:oh Wilhelm st'iod in front of march can bo traced by the lurid lieht of . expense of tho road were. $30,5 17XA, tho desk, and Patrick Curloy ttooj at tho burning houses, ond in mora than ono nnd tho reoiinls. S)2.033.8G7 leavinc r.: sido when tho n.mor were read to rue. household there is an agony far more bit-' ter than that ot Heath. The Indian scalped his victim regard-j Icsi of sex or ago, but with all his barbar ity be always respected the persons of his fotfiole captives. Your soldiers, more sav age than the Indian, insult thowwho-ie natural protectors aro absont. In conclusion, I have only In request that whenever you have any cf my men TEEMS: NEW "dinpobod of," or "rnurdeaed for th. tormppcar'to be'syZ S?o wifh ,Sj y" wil1 ,rt n10 of it, in order that 1 ma knovv t action ti take in the ADE bami'.-on tbankko vor, nis CETLT TO timasiAN. From tho aiclimonJ Sottiuel, Murcli OJ The corruf pondeoco between Oencfaln Sherciau and Hampton in to-day's paper i muuse iuo luanlitiess or every ono ; who reada it. General Hampton witlte. ceive the Ihunks of every CoufeJeraie for Ins spirited and oppropmta answer to the x mm w uruie. ' ' This co-respondaoea rev-al the fata of the beautiful ci:.y of Columbia. Fired in to without warning, ond laid in ushex ar t(T snirrnder. Sheimao hasoatned for himself the hate of mankind, utid the treatiaent due to a wild beast. His Lnr. barity will hnvo art effect opposite to that Which he designed, find will nrnnia .run lthe old nieti and bors to alinnr ilnn l.mi ftud hi? so-called foro'er.4 At pvopo in.m'. I . J t I V lutiity. Vice President Johnson. (From the Pittnturg Qatctte, Rcjiublican We Lave hit hoi to refrained from com- UlCI)tini UDOn the fact Hint the V1..A Prr.ai- appearing in a slate of intoxication at the time of his induction iuto office and in flicting upon bis hearers a maudlin, drunk en speech, not becauso wo hoped thereby to hide the unpleasant fact upon ftur rea ders, or slu ink from condemning ihe grievous fault comrnmitted, but because we hoped thai ,t little delay would bring us somo mitigation or tho report, nnd ren der tbe transaction less disgraceful lhan was at first state 1. We have waited, how ever, in vain ; and now that tho facts are beyoud dispute, we join with the Repub lican pns of ihe county in telling Hie Vice President that having ulter'y disgraced himself, subjected his party to the keen est mortification, an 1 made bis. eouutiy a lauj-hing btcck in the eyes of the wot Id, tho least reparation bo can make is to rc ig:i. After this exhibition of himself; be CHunot occupy that placo any longer with honor or credi His good name is lost, and ha cannot regain it by holding or. to u place he has disgraced" If ho attempts to hold on to it he will thereby show him self insensible to shame, and therafore all tho more unfitted foi that high position. liut what irheuoei not resicn ? Thar. let him be impeached, or imohrd in some o.iier way tiy the ac'ion of ihe Senate- A Sad Cask. The Ceiitralin .SVir:. hd says 1 1 nil on Friday evening last w.ien liij train from Cairo Mopped at that place, four i cfuees wero taken off tho cars--dead ! They were ap parently all of one family, and con Msted of a woman, between llienn-n of forty nnd fifty yearn, a young woman probably eighteen or twcnty.iuid two children respectively aged about ten and two years. There was nothing to indicate their names uud former abodoabont them. They were among a large number of refugees, who were being transported North, to be takun charge of and supported by the Immune residents of Illinois. Like thousands of others who have gone be fore, it is reported that they had been exposed fomo thirty-six hours, to the c.d 1 and wind, in coming from Cairo, and in their famished condition un able to endure it. Truly this is n sad and deplorable case, ihiven from their homes, or what answered lo them as such, by the relentless kind of war, lo hi taken at the public ex pens",orllu cr.irlesy oftransportation companies, far away into tho land of strangers, where, although surrounded on every side by aburnhuioe, they per ish front starvation and cold! JryThc des.tioy of tho colored race seems to In wanted Out by one of our loyal!" exeliane.s with says'-' the lit tle darkies swarm the r. venue, the Ca pitol, the hotels, and every where clso! ia usinglOn, plticlviiig cast away ci-; gar stumps out ol spittoons and eor-l wcr3 admitted at a tunc. I was admitted acn, to sell to Iho tobacconists to t,!rce ,ol1.,e"- 'hcn we got ia Patrick make into lino cut, s:mT," &o. Whatl,r;'0"Vre,,"1.,1"! larcra to ,,s- rrlm-ioiM u-ii" iliis is ieiiK- Unit i, -1'.! our choice to sign ovuot. Hisinstroo agioiious uai ti.H i3,li ul, hut i3 tlon asfar nsI C)ul(, onjerstnnJ tb m bringing Ihese busy' Mvanns to hucIi Wero to the effect that thoso drafted men a brilliant and useful dealmy. All 10-1 who chose to go to tho war could do so, and baceo-using humanity ought to bless those who did not choose to go, would bo the war and tho liUlo nigger not-' protected by the other members. Weworu forgetting tho tobacconist? The cost of ihe roods belonging to fo, and tho.-.e who did not want to go could insylvar.iti R.tilroa 1 Company, to-i join. Wilhelm said the same thing. Cnr witli their canals, is 3I,0--1,W1. ;ley said if nny J'rovost. Marshal come to nr- thn Pen .,i, r rim Pf,ruio,M nf th,. Cmimnv tor lSd I. t,m hallanco of 22,at:C,530. Among thfl item nf I'm freielil I rntiennrlcil id on of ll.yij.jso tons of coal. i Ci3Tho report thit Andy Johnson .member who was Presidont. Thero wore pa.-scd iiirougli Uourbon county, Ken-. probably twenty or thirty persons prei tucky, oa his way lo Washington is denied; Ci,t. did not hear the object of tho meet but it iseulmUied that a great deal of jngetutcd. I was sworn ui. Tho oblig r.nurbon county parsed Ihrough him. f iii wss 0 siiek lo ihe Iemcrfltfa party, I W'oiU. believe (lint ,s all. I uirlvrston 1 till ' - ' 1 iT7'r;cer-2i $2 00 Per Annum, if paid in advance SERIES VOL. V. N0.36. .'; f ' THE oSmnSSf ii q 1 n'r;LCLEA.mELD COUNfr OASES i beB THE MILITARY COMMISSION A IlAHRISEURa, PA. CASE OF JACOB T7ILHELM. ' Wo hare Icon furnished with tho full notes ofthe evidence takcu befort! tho Mili tary Com mission, at Ilanislurg, in the cases , from tliis county. Wo intend to publi.s1i Q Proceedings in each case, commencing with that of Uaj.Wilhclni, tho Erst ono tried. ' The Conmussion consisted of Cot. Ew'. wo Treadcnr, Oou Zww, aod Caw.IIap. PKn, and Capt. H. h. Jounson Judo Ad vocate. Tho pcrona ti-iod were all defended ' by ewinont, and diritinguished conm-ol, and all tho witnesses they desired were brought at the expenso ofthe Government. , Maj. Wilhelm was defendcJ by Senator Flemihxo, of Dauidiio County. The o dor convening tho CouH was first fcni to him, when ho Was asked if ho hud any ob .tectum to bo tried by the Court as constitu te! He replied that ho had not. ilo was ' then arraigned, and plead "not guilty" to tho several charges and specifications, of which the following is an ubstraet ; t CnAUOEj. Entering into, confedera ting and assisting in forming combinations ta resist certain provisions ot an "act for eq. rolling: and calling out the national forces,' and the several supplements thereto. Specification l.Vniting, confederating, and combining with Patrick Curlcy, Jaco Hublor, nul other disloyal persons ia Clearfield county, to resist the draft, and prevent persons who had been drafted from entering the service ; resisting and evading, and counseling others to resist and erado the execution of tho act of Cougress. A1J this about the 3d of Oct., ISO-!, nnd at oth er times mid places. Specijicvtian -Unltim?, confederating, and combining, with Hublcr, Curloy, and other disloyal persons in a society by tjrti tiatuo of "Democratic Castle," the object of which organization was nnd Ls to resist tho draft, nnd prevent persona drafted from en tering the eervicc. Tho sections of tho Act of Congress, of which these speeificationa constitute a viola tion provide, as follow: wIf any person shall resist any draft of men enrolled under this act. or whall ennn sc.l or aid any person to resist such draft, or shall counsel cny drafted men not to appear at the place of rendezvous, or wilfully dis suade theiu from the pcrformence of milita ry duty, &,c., ha shall be punished by a iiuo not exoeedinu $5i)0, and imprisonment not exceeding two years. Again, nny person who shall forcibly resist any enrollment, or shall incite, counsel, encourage, or shall con spire or confederate with any other porson to re-ist or oppose sueh enrollment, or slmll assault, obstruct, hinder, inmedo or threat en any officer or other person em ployed in iiicjierioruiaiieeor in aiuiug in Hie penorm unco of any service ni uny way relating thereto, cr in arresting or aiding to arrest any spy or deserter, shall be jmnishej by a line not exceeding ?.),0(M), and imprison ment not exceeding five years. Before commencing the testimony, it is proper to explain, that in Military Courts, all the witnesses are excluded from the room, and are called in nnd examined separately. Each witness is therefore bjtiorant of what has been stated by the others. rJaeoh Kiiiehart, was the first witness cal led for the prosecution. Ho testified as follows : 1 reside in Graham township, Clearfield county ; am a larmer, and know Jacob Wit helin, the accused. Un Monday ficforo the State election last fall, 1 attended a secret meeting, at the Polk School llousj, in Gra ham township. Jacob Wilhelm, Samuel Laiisberrw lle.nvv Huhler. I'utrinlr CWtoTT WilhimViihclm, and others, twenty or twenty-five In all, werc present. Jacob Wilhelm was President, I went there n littla uftcrdark. 1 liven few rods distant. I sup pose there wen? u dozen or more there when 1 arrive.!. Uifieers were first appointed. Jacob illiulni was lVesident, and Amos ilublor Vice J 'resident., and Patrick Cnrlev .Seerefaiy. Then nil the men except W il helm, Hublcr, nnd Curley went out. Eour t.islii'l' foanlhiiS Mini linln niiK ntlirt I Iv.'w.v.. ..uv...'. Ill, . ,IVI' VUlllUlllVII VUI ley said those that chose to report could do 'rest a drafted man nnd member of (he e.Iuh. There were several men present who -bad been draf ted I attended a meeting at Jacob JlVJor'n. 1 1 think V ilheliii was uio.ro. J il not ru-