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u CLEARFIELD REPUBLICAN," mutin TSSV WSBBBIDAV, It OLIARVIILD, FA. EITABLIIUED I The Urge ClreulnUea iluj Newepaper In North Central PeBturylvnaln. Turns of Subscription. If p1J la advance, or wlthlo I moathl....M 4X1 If paid altar I ud Wore mentha...-..., t paid altar tha aiplratloa of moatki... 1 IMI , Bates oi Advertising. . ..! aAilaamenta. Bar UUII of 10 Ileal Of leae. I tlmee or lea .,......... .11 Fur uob eubaequent Inaortloa....... .... at A.lmlnlotratorl' end Bnwolcre'netioee....... I at .JI.n.i' n,lnae - I (0 Gaetlonl and Ratraya............. ....... 1 Diaeolutton notice. SO Profaeelonel Cardi, a lloea or Uee,l year.... a to nnilMta.nM lino ta YEARLY ADVERTISEMENTS. I eqaare. 8 0 I i eolamn M M 1 eqaarea....li 00 t aolaaia. ...... TO 00 aqoarea J 01 1 column. 110 00 0. B. QOODLANDKtt, Pobllaher. crura. 1 OB PHINTINQ OF EVERY DE80RIP ej lion aeatly elected at tbll oBoe TT W. SMITH, ' . ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, tl:l:TI Cleartleld, Pa. ' T J. LIN OLE, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, 118 Phlllpiburt;, Centre Co., Pa. T:pd .5 ;T10LANDD.SWOOPE, . ATTORNEY AT LAW, Curwennvlllo, Cloarteld county, Pa. oct. ,'TI-lf. 0 SCAR MITCHELL, ATTORNEY AT LAW. CLEARFIELD, PA. JUTOflloe In tbo Opera Houee. ootil, 1-lt. GR. h W. BAKKKTT, T Attornbti and Counselors at Law, clearfield, pa. January 30, 1978. TSRAETj test, attorney at law, Clearfield, Pa. faf-Offloa In tha Court Houee, Jj",' HENRY BRETII, (oaTKKD r. 0.) JUSTICE OF THE PEACE for aabL Towsemr. Ha; 8, 1878 lj -y M. M. McCULLOUGlT, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, PA. OBl.-e in Uaeonle building, Second etreet, op pit.ite the Court lluuae. Je2B,'7o-tf. c. Arnold, : LAW At COLLECTION OFFICE, CURWEN8VILLE, i)t Cloarlald Count, P.nn'e. 757 O T. BROCKBANK, ' ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, PA. . Office In Opora llouao. ap 1I,TT-1; JAMK3 MITCHELL, .. .-'. DaaLun im Square Timber & Timber Lands., JellTI CLEARFIELD, PA. . I " K. " SNYDKR, J a ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, PA. Offioo la Pie' Opera Hoaaa. June M, tstf. Wll-LIAS A. WALLAra patio L. aaaaa. Joan w. waiobar. aaaar r. WAttAon. IITALLACK & KRliBS, IT (Salomon to Wallaee A Fielding,! ATTORNBYS-AT-LAW, Jaal'rr Clearnel:, Pa. Prank Fielding,, W. D. Blgler....8. V. Wllaoa. JpiKLDING, bTgLBR A WILSON, t ATTORNEYS - AT - LA Wp " Jr i CLKAHF1KLD, PA. TOffloa la Pla'a Opera Hob. moha-Tv. HARRY SNYDER, BAHBHH AND UAIRDRB6SBR tihop oa Market St., opposite Court House. , A sleaa tawal fur every eaataaiar. AIm dealer la Heat Ilrauda of Tobarco and Clicara. etaaraaU. Pa. ' mmf IV, '7. TUOl. IcaRAT. oravi aoataa. JJURRAY k GORDON, ATTORNEY8 AT LAW, CLBARFIKLD, PA. rOffln la Pie's Opera Ilouaa, awond loor. :30'74 loaara a. m'inallt. aribi, w. a cobdt. rcENALLY A MoCURDY ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW, awLa;a.l baiineea attended to promptly witty aJUIIIJ. VJUIOt) VB Oncvuil l.rf.1) WWI a"i mat naiiuaai Dana. jma-.i-.tw A O. KRAMER, ATTORNET-AT-LAW, Baal K.Ule and Oollaetloa Agent, CLBAHflBI.I, PA., Will promptly attend to all legal bulaeei en trnated to hla oara. 4T-Offloe la Plo'i Opera Hoaaa. Janl'TI. J P. MoKENRICK, ATTORNEY AT LAW, 1 ' CLEAKFIBLI), PA. All legal butlaen entruated to ble oara will re aelra prompt attealloa. Oflea oppoalU Court Boaia, la Maaoale Bolldlag, eeooadaoor. augM,'7-ly, R. M. SCUECRER, HOMUOPATHIO PHYSICIAN, OBoa la rooideae an Flrat at April 34, 1171. Clearn.ld, Pa. W. A. MEANS, t PHYSICIAN A SURORON, DUBOIS CITY, PA. Will attend profaaelonal oalli promptly, auglo'71 JU. T. J. BOTEU, i" U Y 8 ICI A N AND 9UR0KON, Ofloa aa Market Street, Owarlald. Pa. -0Eoe hoan: I to IS a. m., and 1 to I p. m. kit. J. KAY WRIGLEY, BOMCHPATHIC PHYSICIAN, --0ffii aJjolalng Ike realdonee af Jamae Wrigley, Kae., ua aeeond St., ClearOeld, ra. Jalyl,'78 tf. M. HlLLS, ' .' 'J' 'oPKttjITIt'E DENTIST, OLIARFIXLD, PENN'A. M-oaca In raaManaa, evpaelto than Heaea. jrH.IMOIf II. B. VAN VALZAH, ' CLEAR PI ELD, PEN ff'A. OFFICE IN REHIIlKNCE, CORNER OF FIRM AND I'INE STREETS. ' pr OBoa boaraFrom II to I P. M. Hay It, 18T. D B. . V. lib' KCU FIELD, JUte ergaow at tha tU Re gt meat. Peaaeyreaala . aoiwaura, haring ratnraed from tha Army, rffore aia prolaatleaal aerriee. ta thaaHiaona ar CloateleU ooanty. ujaT-Prefeealaeal a alt a pram, tie attaid.d ta, o an Beeotld aereot, formerlyooaapled by d.Woada. fapr4,'ta tl CLEARFIBL . : . . . , - L- - . . t "fiEO. B. GO0DLMDEE, Editor L Proprietor, . , : : PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN. ' TEBMS $2 per annum in Advance. VOL. 51-WH0LE N02,G5G. CLEARFIELD, PA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 28, 1880. , - NEW SERIES-YOL. 21, NO. 4. TIIXTICKH' Ok COHHTAHLKIP Vtf. We kara prlnlod a laraa nambai of tbo now PEN KILL, and IU an no rorolpt of twantj. Cm. oaaiU. mail a ooof to aaj addraaa. akrlo WILLIAM It. HENKY, Juhtici or Ta Poaoa ttv Scairiaaa, LI MIIER CITY. Collaetione R&de and mono proiaptlr pnii over. Artloloa of agrooinent and dcwla ol oonraTanec noutl7 eiooutod aod warrontad cor iwt o'r no eueria. Ixjr'V" JOHN D. THOMPSON, Juitloo of the Peaoa and Berlraner, CnrwenaTllle, Pa. fcauColloollona made and nionor promptlj paldTrer. '"'V'i- JAS. B. GRAHAM, daalar In Eoal Estate, Square Timber, Boards, BIIINOLES, LATH, A PICKET8, fi:lt'71 Cloarfield, Pa, REUBEN HACKMAN, House and Sign Painter and Paper Hanger, Clearfield, Penn'n. fcax, Will aaoooto Jobe In hla line promptlj and In a workmanlike manner. arrM7 JOHN A. STAPLER, BAKER, Market Bt., ClearOeld, Pa. Freak Bread, Koak, Holla, Piee aad Cakee oa hand or made to ertlor. A general aeenrtrnent of Confeotionnrlea, Frulta end Note la etork. loo Cream and Ojiterl In araaon. Solon nearly opuo.ito the Poalnflloo. Priaao moderato. Mamb 111 'T. WEAVER & BETTS, naALaaa in Roal Estate, Square Timber, Saw Legs, AND LUMBER OF ALL EINDS. rrOffloe on Beoond Itroet, in rear of atore mom of Uoorge Wcaror A Co. jonO. '781f. RICHARD HUGHES, JUSTICE OF THE PEACE roa IHcalur Toirnship, Oeooola Mill. P. O. All official ba.tneee entratted to him will be promptly atlonded li. mcb2, '78. JAMES H. TURNER, JVSTICB OP TUB PKACB, Wftllaceton, Pa. JNT-Il bai prpnirHl hlmtr with ill Ik necirT blank for mi under tht PsaitoB i Bounty lawf, mil hlmk ImU, t. All l.rrtl mstttr ontraiUd to bin ear will reottlf prompt tlt(. J7 rtb, 187.tX TOUX L. CUTTLE, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Viid Heal F.tat Agent, Clearfield, Pa. Offlec Tuird itrett, bctaOhmy A Walnut. AVRaapaotrally offer i hla lerrioailn llinf and buying landi In Glaarflald and adjoining eountUa i and with as aaparlanaa o( ovar twaai? yaari aa a aurvayor, flattara hlmialf that ha eaa rondar aatlafaotioa. Vah. 18:fl3:ti, ADREV 11ARWICK, Market Htrcet, ClearHeld, Pa., AMI 1M.CT0RBR AND DBALBa IS - Harness, Bridles, Saddles, Collars, and Horse-Furnishing Goods. tr-All kit liof rapairing promptly attanded to. 8addlan' Hardware, Hurna Brnibl. Carry Corobi, Ao., always on band and for Half at tha lowaat aaah prlea. - ( Marrh lH, lS71t. G. H. HALL, RACTICAL TUMP MAKER, HEAR CLEARFIELD, PENN'A. AfAW-Pamne alwaya on hand aad made to order an abort notice. Fitioa bored oo reaooaenio lamia All work warranted to render aatlifaetlon, and dellrerod if deilrod. mylt:lypd ! lAlvery HtnhU: THE aaderelgned aagl leare toinlorm thopan lt that ha le now fully prepare to aceomioo. date all la tho way of furni.bing lU.eel, Bnggiel, naddlee and llarneae. on the anorteat nouoe ana en reasonable tarmi. Keaideneo on Loenat ttraot, botwoea Third and lonrth. GEO. W. UEARHART. lloarBold, Fob. i, IS74. WASHINGTON HOUSE, , OLEN HOPE, PENN'A. I ; ;, . ,, , fTIH B Bndritlrned, haring loaied tbll eom- 1 modlooa U.itol, la lb. Tillage of 8 lee Hope, ia now prepared to accommodate all who may oall. My labia and bar ehall ha mpplled with tba boat the market anerdr. IIKOKUE W. U01TS, Jr, Oloa Hope, Pa., Meroh It, 18TS.tr. THOMAS H. FORCEE, DlALRI IB UKNEUAL HERCHANDI8E, URAHAMTON, Pa Also, -i ten at re aianufaturar and dealer In 8qvi Timtror and Rawed Lumber of all kinda. ,, rOrdri solicited and all hills promptly niud. i -it to 71 E. A, BIGLER.& CO., DBALIM IN SQUARE TIMBER, and manufacturer! of ALL lit NIH OP BJAW UD LCMHKR, ' i-rtl CLEARFIELD, PENN'A. 8. I. SNYDER, PRACTICAL WATCHMAKER Ann naitia rt Wntobei, Clock! and Jowelry, : Oroiaaa'a Am, Afortal Arat, CI.EAttp1KI.D, PA. ' All klnde of repairing la my lino promptly aa ended to. . April II, l7l. Clearfield Nursery. , KNCOTJRAGB 1IOMB INDUSTRY. TBI andorrlgned, baring oeubllahed a Nur eery oa the 'Pike, about half way between Cltarneld aad Curwrnarille, ia prepared to far alaa all kind! of FKUIT TRKKS, (ataadard and dwarf.) Hrrrgraene, Sbntbhary, ttrapa Vinea, uooaenerry, uiwlon tuarkhorry, ritrawnarry. and Haapberry Vinea. Alee, tiibjeriaa Crab Treea. (Juinoo, and early aoarlet lthnkarb, Ae. Ordera promptly aitoaded to, Adilrert, . ., J.b. WRIOBT, aepIO 8.y ( Curwen.vllle, Pa. MEAT MARKET. F. M. CAEDONdc EE0. !'. Oa Market f I, ana door wort of Menelon Ifooae, . ' CLEARFIELD, PA. fhar anaaiaaaaaeta are of tha moat aamnleto obaraoter lor furniehlng the pablia with Freeh alealaof all tlaa.eaa ol wo eery aeai ouaiity. Wo aara deal in all kmaa or Agriealaaral lmpla mente. which we keen on .abibltlon fat tea ben- etl af the pablM. Call aronad whan la lawn. aad lata look at Ullage, ar addroee ae V. M. OAHUUH BIIU.' Ceaargald, Pa July 14, I17t.tf. . . J ClmrlUld Inwrunc Uttnty. lANaavaan. . -r-inaotij n. nianLn. Kr.nn k BatnlE, Jttntt. Rep meat the following aad ether nftt-amai Col Companlel. Aiteta. Llria-.ol Uadna A Alobt-rC. S. Br..H,'"l." Lreomingoa motual Aoaah plani.w. i.ano.aoa I'hirmi, of llailford, Cona. ,2."s Inauranee Co. af North America , ,'. "7 North SrIUah A Mamaallla II. . Br. l,7lt,S Hcoill.h rommorolal11. 1. Iraaol.... ;,! WaUrtowa fHI.III Trarelera (Life A Accident) 4,tS,4a4 fiacaan Market 81., app. Court llonea, Clear told, Pa. Jan. I, 7I tf. THH PARMER 'ft WOOINO. TUa daUlaa noddad la tba grau, tba Uttareupi war alaiing, And juit aoroii tba river la&g tha far a an at tnvir raapiag i I'jiid tha bill-, hiblua and fair, tha napla laaret wera ibowing Thalraoft whit baautloi In thi braati that from tha aa a waa blowlnc. A 11 Ilia inatd eaina tbtrogh iha laid lllh lung and r.)illug lauKutiri Tba buttcrcmt'i m6 way for br, tba dalit' moi dd altar. A ftrong ynuoj; farmer taw her pauio bwlila tha fiartlof r(rr t 8ba draw a lily truu IU dvptb with goldan hanrt a-quivur. ThDu art mora fair than lltlai a. a," iaU ha. with baad uplifted, And thraw a poppy aa tba atroata toward tha utatdao drittad. 5Uo tat tba flower in bar hair tba red aod whlta togethtr l A .aloud grew blaah before tba aun, and rainy waa tba weatbor. Ua eamfl acroia tbo river tbn, thli frtaar, from hliwawtng JIa Bin tied net tbo water 't dvpib, ha oared not far ill flowing. "O lovo !M id be, "if gleaming run ao-l etouJIeH fklea oar lean u, The r 1.-11-'. burring width may roll unpaaiad, un- ttiod bet worn at ; Hat wbfn lond thunder II 11 the air, and eloudi i and rata come over I'doruia tbeoeaun to your si J I ata uu fair-day lover !" And "n do d the villaga bulla rang tut auroM ilia river, th'lr tnuAlo aet tha hutterrupa ani ddlloa all a-quiver, While auue oua drew a Hly front tho atraaut 10 blithely H)wtog. And pluckail a blood -red fpi-y I '"it amid the wheat waa growing : Tbo maiden itoi them ia bar hair tha ra-i and wbiia tO((utber With many a ttnilr, a tair or (w( aud gliuioM at the watber. - They pasted beneath the o'aaj.tl'a ahaJe the lain-ernnd tho in a Id on Whir a aruboa eroaaod arove their hoadi, with ( anuwv bliaaoma laden, And la that ploco of holy oalm tho binding worJi warv rpnheu ; Ua in hi heart bote cut tbr truth, aha on her hand l ha token. The ytara went fay, nod loina Wtre bright and some were clou .U d over, But aver atood be at herslde ha waa no fair-day lover. THE R EC EST TOTAL ECLIPSE. OIlitKRVATIONR IN CALIFORNIA AN IN TKREHTINO CIIAPTKIl. January 1 lib. A tlcapatch from Ban Kmncivro on pirtftkini; ol (lio ro cent Uital eclipso Buy : "Tho line of totality of tho oflipKoof thosun toduy pnnsotl ton miles north of this pluco. Tho weather wan perfectly clear. At filloon minutes, before 8 o'clock the flint contuct was 1aihle, and at !l:63 tho obscuration bocumo total. As tho last ray of Minlif'ht diaappoaied a co rona of clear wailo light entirely en oiroling tho moon flashed into view, brilliant at tho odfe of tho moon, and paling toward thooutor limit of the halo. Next along tho border of tho lower left third of tho moon appeared an ir regular fringe of brilliant aparkling primitive red and purple light, whilo at the top of tho moon there was a bright yellow trianglo ot light equal In height to ono sixth tho diame ter of tho disk. A similar out smaller trianglo appeared at tho ccntro of the riuht aide of the moon, and from the upper and lower right side broad faint rays were projected. This appearance lasted thirty-one seconds, vne corona remaining one minute longer. The son disappeared behind the coast. range beforo the oolipso had entirely passed. During tho obscuration tho horses of the party of observers ahowod signs of extreme uneasiness, and tho fowls of tho neighborhood ranches sought their roosts. At rialenas, wuoro tue eolipse was also total, the thormomcter fell eight dogToet during the totality." This eclipse has been looked lorwara to with crcal Interest by astronomors, although it was known that it would oecn r u nder u nfavorablo oi rcu mstoncos, the totality happening so noar the time ot sunset that the hazeand atmospheric disturbance always present near the horir.on interfered with the use ol deli cate instrument", for observation. There wore two reasons, however, why un usual interest was felt in this eolipse. One was that it is the last total eclipse of tbo sun that will be seen in the West this century. Hut probably the strongest reason is that tho observa tions of the eolipse of 1H7H, for which elaborate preparations were made, both In this country and in Kurope, where scientific parties wore expensively equipped to visit the Rocky mountains, produced disputed results that lod to some warm discussion, which had the o fleet ol only strengthening the re spective opinions of tho parties to it, A general desire was felt to have those questions set at rest, and tho eclipso ol Sunday offered, at loast, a chance for such aseltlemont Then, results wore reached in 1878 which, although not disputed, wore yet tclt to bo incom plete, and the opportunity of aupplo menting them at to short an interval as about eighteen months was ono that no astronomor thought of neglecting. In addition to all this, Buch splendid advances havo boen made of lute years in our knowlego of tho sun, that un doubtedly a great popular interest has been aroused in the subject, ana in too means by which tint knowledgo is gained. I'aradoxical at it may Seem, more has been learned about tho con stitution of the sun when his lave is hidden by the interposed globe of the moon than when he shines with his noon tide glory undimtned. It it in the wonderful region that the eclipse re veals surrounding the sun, rathor than in the insufferable blase of the snn itself that astronomors havo been most auoceaafu) in nenetratinir his socreU. So every total eclipso becomes in turn more interesting than the preceding one. It is like tho latest chapters ol serial story, which it porpetually breaking off at the most intoresting points. It should bo said, however, that since have been found means of studying the outor envelopes of the sun oven whon there It no oelipse, and when they are invisible, owing to the overpowering brightness ol the central body. Yet this doei not rob eclipses of one jot of their interest, lor only during eulipsot can the finer mysteries be unlolded. " Tho preparations made for the ob servatiou of Sunduy't oolipso teem to have been adequate to tho interost taken In It, although tho subject has boon loss talked ol than in 1878, when the sun was seen partially eclipsed ift tbit part ot tb United blatee. , lue line of totality on Hunday orosaod oon tral California and southern Novada, and penolrated nearly to the Great Salt Lake in Utah. Duly in California, however, could favorable observations be taken, because the eclipse occurred so noar snnaeL. rrufoasor Frisby, of tbo United Mtatat Mavy waseont, with a corps of observers, armed with pow erful instruments, to the Taclflc coast, and I'roleasor Davidson, with anotbor corps of obaervort anil a 01-Inch equatorial telescope, more powerful than the one Piar.r.t Smyth lugged up the Toak of TetierllTo, wont into tho Salens valley, whioh turrowt toeeoast range, about two hundred miles sooth ol San Francisco, and within Irons fif teen to twenty five miles of the l'acltlo. Hesidct these, many private oliservers D made elaborate preparations for ob servinir tho eclipse from various noints within tho line of totality. Ap paratus (or photographing theeelipsod aun was plentifully provided. Fresno, spoken of in the dospateh prinlod above, lies tomothlng over three hun dred miles southwest of San Frunoisoo, and botwoon tho Sierra Nevada and tho coast range. It is nearly two hun dred miles I u filler eust than tho Sit- lenas valley, but it may have possessed advantiiiroa from suporior elevation. It is, of oourse, too early to speak of tho results obtained, buunucu may uo reasonably hopod, as the observations seem to havo been more successful than was anticipated. There appears to have boon a vory fine corona, and tho somowhat minute description given of its detail shows that the air must have been steady and clear. One of the great results of the eclipse-in 1878 was the strong evidence obtained in support of the opinion that tho zodia cal light, which is seen, especially in warm Springovenings, streaming, cone shaped, Horn tbo western Mormon nearly to the senith, is merely a con tinuation of the sun's corona. Sunday's observations in (Julilornia msy oo ex pected to add to our intormation on this subject, and perhaps definitely settlo tho question. 1 Tho announued discovery of ono or two intermorctirial planets by Profess or Watson and Swift, was ono of the most striking results ot tho observa tions In 1878, and, at tho samo time, tho ono that led to the wannest dis cussion. Some Kuropcnn astronomers could not bo convinced that tho Amon can obsorvors had really found tho long-sought, and, as mnny believed, tho mythical planet Vulcan, tiiat mathematics snid ought to bo braving the fiery blasts of the sun at close quarters, as becomes his sturdy natno. Undoubtedly many ot tho teleacopes turned skyward in California during the piecions thirty-ono seconds of to tidily, wore soarching for this fire do fviiiir Vulcun. both to settle the vexed question of his oxistenco, and, by Bet. tling it, to vindicate the correctness oi the American observations ot 1878, and pnt to shame the European doubt ers. Tho difficulty arising from tho low altitude of the sun during tbo eclipse, as beforo pointed out, mny, liowcver,huvo8eriously interfered with such observations, although tho proba bility is that if tbo details ot the corona could bo seen, any intermerounnl planet in sight would not escapo de tection. , There aro many other results to bo looked for from tho observation of this eclipse, which will add greatly to our knowledge of that body, which, to the inhabitants of tho earth, can have no rivals in tbo heavons, although distant Sirius may bo a thousand times as large. Hot tho least intoresting phe nomenon that may may bo moro clearly explained it the nprush of enormous volume ot matter Iroui tbo odge oi tho sun s disk, that has boon observed during eclipses. These tremendous masses, many timos grcator than the earth in volume, havo been seen to shoot up tens ot thousands and even hundreds of thousands ot miles in a low minutes, aud then full back again with equally frightful velocity, it is ono of the unsettled questions of physi cal astronomy, which Sunday's obser vation may help to settle, whether these volumes or masses, wtiicn are usually regarded as gaseous, are merely upheavals of glowing hydrogen from tho rcatlesB surface ol the sun, or indi cations of tho bursting out of solid ro asseti from the body within, which, tearinir thoir way through tho caseous envelope, shoot out into space, ana perhaps escaping beyona tno sun s at traction, cool into meteors, whoso frag ments somctimoB reach the earth. AN EARLY LKNT. Fashionable society is exoroiaod this Winter ovor the fact that Lent begins much curlier than usual. The clluct, particularly on the youngor mombors of society, Is rathor disheartoning, for Ash-Wednesday put a euddon slop to festivitos ot every kind. Ash-Wednes day this year occurs on the 11th of February and Easier on tue zoin oi March. Thus by tar the largest alice is taken out ot Winter and the inter runtinn to social eniovmcnta becoinoe a matter. Urdinanly Lotitia weieoniod ' - .. .y i aa a relief from the exciting round of tashionablo dissipations a breathing space betwoen the Winter and Sum mer campaigns but this season Lent comes so soon that the belles of toeiety will not have weariod ol the round or Germans, receptions, operas, theater parties, etc., aod it is to bo feared that few ol them will bo propared by the 11th of February to enter placidly up on the season of fasting and soil-sacrifice. Tho law of society, prescribing the strict observance of Lent, is as rigid a the canons of tbo ehurah itself; eo that there is nothing lor it but to obey. For many a fascinating young lady, thorefuro, Lent will this year imply something mere than a formal observance of the fasts and religions duties presoribod by the church. It will mean the surrender of conquests scarce cotnplotod, the enforced absten tion from enjoyments which have not lost their freshness and charm, the pre mature retirement into sack cloth and ash os of yejauig dobotanto who havo not yot tired ot their ball costumes. Thus the society belle will bo modo to do a real penanco this season, instead of that pleasant and convenient lorm of Lenten obacrvanco which affords a grateful relief from social enjoyments which have become burdensome, and an opportunity tor contrasts in cos tume and deportment which heighten tho effect pieviously created by tho pink, tho blue tnd the cream colored ailka, the laces, the (lashing jewole and the fragrant bouquets of the ballroom. Unfortunately the movable calander as oriL'inullv constructed will not ac comodate itself to tho peculiar needs of modern society, so that there Would seem to be no mean of averting the social catastrophe which is imrwading. Another unwelcome feature of the Lenten season this year is the fact that Boater will come so soon that all idea or appearing on that day in now Spring costumes will have to bo abandoned, and to those whs know anything at all of the lemal mind the deprivation thus assured is seen to be one of the most formidable proportion. There scemt to be nothing for it but to sub mit with becoming resignation to the arbitrary edict of the ehnreh- oalendar and the Llraoooiaa law of fashion. In this ease both unite in prescribing the strict observances of Lent, and not oven the proverbial ingonuity of wo man' wit hat yot discovorod a meant of postponing Ash-Wednesday until "after the irBOT.''flnlinirs Gnzrttr. In drinking the "good health" of your friends, tali care yon doa't got too mucn in me uauitoi awauowing your own, 1 COLD SNAPS. SOME ACCOUNT OF BIVIUE WINTERS IN EUROPE INTKItlSTINQ DATA OF FIFTEEN CENTURIES, What passes In Kngland and Conti nental Kuropo fbr "n sovero Winter" would bo regarded in tha Northern States and Canada aa a comparatively mild and open season. "Forty-six degrees of frost," as tho London papers shivoringly puts it when recalling; tho hard Winter of 18(30, lose much of their importance whon translatod Into our equivalent of "fourteen below sero," and sinco the invention of tbo thor momcter it Is doubtful if tho mercury has gono down in Kngland below 20. Momorahle aevero Winters there havo been in Europe, not a few of which have had thoir Importance as well as their interest in history. In A. D. -101 the Itlack Sea is suid to havo boen frown ovor for twenty dnye, and between October, 703, and February, 7'il, Btich a frost provailcd at Constantinople that the seas are spoken ol as frozen lor a hundred miles from shore. . It Is certain that two centuries bo foro, in 5UD, Zabergun, King of tbo lluns, crosxed the Lanubo on the ice, and routing the troops oi Justinian spread over Thraco to the very walls of Constantinople, this boing the first incursion ot tbo Bulgarians who are now to chooso a Princo and recover thoir autonomy. In 122 ice covorcd tho Hellespont. In 120-4 tho Cattcgat was frozen over ; in 11123 tho Haltic wat passable to travelers for six Weeks; again in 1102 it was frozen from l'om orunia to Denmark, and twenty-four Winters after its surl'uco would boar a rider from Lubce to tho shore of Prus sia. In l lu'O horsemen rodo from Den mark to Swedon, and in 1518 sledges drawn by oxon travolod on tbo sea from Rostock to Denmark. In 1U58 Charles X., with his army horso and foot and his artillery trains and bag gage, crossed tho Little Belt from Hoi- stein to Denmark, to lay seigo to Co- penhagen. Tho Gorman chronicles contain as many records of severe seasons. In HUM the large fowls of the air sought shelter in the towns of Germany ; in 1 IliS and again in luM wine merchants in Flanders cut their wines cham- pngno frappe with a vongennce, only cbampagno was still a thing corked up and wired in the bottlo of the fnturo with hatchets and sold them in lumps. In 1569 the lar.y Scholdt was Irozon so hard that it sustained the weight of loaded wagon ; again, in 1604, it and the Rhine were frozen over. In the great cold of 10-2 the Zuydor Zee was ico-bound, and in 1001 the Winter brought the wolves into the street of Vienna, where thoy attacked Dorses, and even men. ... The cold seasons of modern Kngland huvo boen most carefully noted, with an abundance of interesting details. One midsummor day, 1035, it is said me rrooie aesiniyrai nit ttie mntn ot1 the earth : in 1070-7 after a poriod of lorty-one years that the writor in the Gardeners' Chronicle has been figuring out thore woro dreadful frosts from November to April, and In 1 107 all tho small birds porished. The Thames waa frozen from London bridge to Gravosend from .November 21, 1434, till February 10, 1435, and in 1515 after tho long cyclo of eighty years had boon fiilfilltd it was again crossed by vehicles botwoon Lambeth and Westminster. In 1504 and 1007 the river was tho tccne of bonfires and di versions, elaborately described on later occasion by writers whose passages aro as familiur to English readers ol this day as the groat plague and great fire. Some Shakespearean commen tators think that thoy have found in this unwontod tight of 11 ro upon ico the source of the inspiration of some of the Hard of Avon's images, and would use this as ovidenco to settle tho date of tho composition of a play, The Winfor of 1083-4 was terribly cold. "The frost trees and oven the oaks split by tho frost ; most ef the hollios woro killed ; tho Thames was covorcd with ico eleven inches thick, and noarly all tho birda poriBhod." "Tho frost," according to n citizen's diary, "began in tbo beginning of De cember. The people kopt trades on tho Thames as on dry land. Bought this book at a shop upon the ico in the middle of tho Thamos." In tho Winter ol 1709 there was a three months' frost with heavy enow, and in 1710 a fair was hold on the Thames and oxon wore Toasted whole upon the ico. Coacho plied from Westminsltor to the Temple, and from other stairs to and tro as in tho streets, o that It seemed to me a bacchanalian triumph, or carnival on the wator, whilo it was a severe judgment on the land." Again, in the lainous hard VV intor ol 1 1 III, there was another frost fair on the 1 bamcs, which lasted lor nine weeks, during which poriod coaches plied regularly on tho frozen surface and the usual amusements were en joyed. It was in this Winter that tbo l'umous ice palaco, with all tho furni ture ot natures crystal, was Duiit on tbo ico at St Petersburg. In 1706 there was a season of intense cold, last ing from Christmas day to the 22nd of January, and ten years later in Inert White, ot Solborne, recorded the only sovere Winter that ho Booms to have encountered in his thirly-cigbt years' rosidenoo. January 7th, "the snow was driving all the day," and on the I2th, "a prodigious mas overwhelmed all the works ol men, drifting over the tops of tho gales aod filling tho hollow lanos. The company at Bath that wanted to attend the Queen's birthday woro Btrancoly Incommoded." Tho cold was so penetrating that it occa sioned ice in warm chambers, and in tho day the wind was so keen that person ot robust constitution could scarcely endure to facoit, "Tamed by the season, skylarks settled in the slroots of towns because thoy saw the ground was bare. Ibo thrushes and blackbirds wore mostly destroyed, and partridge wero so thinned that low re mained to breed the following year." r our of Gilbert White own parish iotiers suffered Irom frost bite, and, he adds, "tho frost killed all the firs and most of the Ivy, and in many places stripped the hollies of all the loaves. From this minute description ol a sevoro Winter in a country parish In Kngland, the rural reader can inter that an exceptional Winter there doe not differ materially from an average one In our orttiorn Mtalc. In lla'J a cold wave ewept all over Kurope and from November to January people o rone ed the inane. at the custom homo ob the ice. Again, lrom Christ mas eve, 1794, to February 14, 17D5, Knirlond experienced a season ot In tense cold, only intermitted for ono day, January 23. December, 1790, waa also remarkably cold ; on Christ mas day the tbormomotor marked 18 below zero, the groatost oold registered up to that time. Oo the 13th of Jan uary, 1810, the qnicksikor was frown REPUBLICAN, during which Napoleon' army strug clod homo from Russia, leaving 450,. 000 doad mon to mark tho track it had taken, was a very cold ono. 1 bis is pleassntor than Moscow,' said the Emperor, robbing his hands over a lire in tbo palace he had re gained alter posting across Kuropo ; the soldiers he had lelt behind were literally frozen slilf in circles and scores us they lay or sat around their Divouao lives. Jn li r.ngiunc en dured a Winter of exceptional severity A writer in a London paper wroto some time ago that bo that Winter walked on tho Thames lrom liorso- forry road to London hridgo and back. The Portriovo of Tavistock aet out to take tbe oath of office at the Quarter Sessions, thirty-two miles away, and as tbe "Annual Itcgistor" records, was slopped by uhmi and ice after proceed ing twenty-one milea, ana imprisoned n a little hamiet for twenty-six nays without communication from tbo outer world. Soldiers marching front town to town wore frozen to death on the roud. Tbo Bnow drifted in tho streets to such an extent that tho shop wero closed ; by the middlo of January London Bridge was Dlocnoa, but it madu no difluienco, for the Thames was completely frozon over a low days later, when a frost fair was opened on tho river and a bullock roasted wholo. For many days there were no mails, though tho postofllce put forth all its powers to compel tho overseers and parochial authorities to clear tho high ways, and sent agonts down into the country to dig roads, along which toil ed mail coaches drawn by ten horses. No coal could got to London, and wSjin tbe householders' supply of fuel gave out thore was nothing for him but to shiver ana wail, it was ann- cult even to reach tho butcher's shop, here there woro neither lowls nor vegetables to bo had. The children had to he kept warm and amused with, iu doora, whero alt day long the lamps wero lit, for the snowdrifts Bbroudcd tho panes. Tho watorpipes were all frozen and people had to melt snow within the tenders. The Solway wat frozon over tor tbe first time within tho memory of living men, and tho crows of eoastors and fishing boats starved and porished of cold at sou, be. nig unable from tho accumulation ot ico to makoport. In the Scandinavian l'enmsulus the W inter ot 184J was a most sevoro one, in various parts ol Norway on tho 2nd of January the mercury frozo and persons oxposed to tho almosphoro lost thoir "breath." rive years ana a day later tno ther mometer in London registered 8" : the railroads and river wore blocked, coal rose to an enormous prioe, and the metropolis was threatened with dark ness from tho inability of the gas com panies ta procure a fresh supply. The next Winter, whon the allied forces wero shivoring in tbo Crimea, was to the full as severe. On the 29th of January, 1855, the lakes wero frozon w-e-wr ra" Ofcer mee wr e-www.y an. wore mode on tho Sorpcntine in Hyde Park, and in the fens in Lincolnshire was established a trullio on tho thirty- five miles long. Tho Spring was late, nd there was cold weather tin tho zntn of Juno. In 1800 Kngland oxperionoed probably bor coldost woather. i rom tho 23d to 30th of December the cold was intense. At Torquay tho mercury wont down to 20 below zero. In Uvde Park it was 17, and a lettor to the Times recorded that a horso had been seen with "icicles at his nose throe inches in length and as thick as three fingors," a sight by no means uncommon in Lower Canada. The Thamos was partially frozen in its tidal reaches, and from Teddougton Lock to its most remote sources was covered with ico from six to ten or oven twelvo incho in thickness. Skat ing parties were arranged lor journoys from Oxford to London and back, and the year in question will always be remomberod among skutors a tno one in which round heeled irons finally superseded all others. On January (lib, 1801, thore wore uonnrcs ana grana displays of fireworks on the ice in St. James' and other parks. January, 1807, was another com month, tnow nd ico practically suspending trallic in London for eovoral days, though people 6lfercd cabmen fares of til toe n and twenty ehilings a mile. It wss on tho Kith that tbe ioo in Kcgnot's Park gave way beneath tome five hundred skaters. ol whom forty -one woro drown ed. Still another cold season was tho Winter of 1870-71, during which tho poor people ot 1 aris and the my equip pod Itopublican lovios oi (jamoei sui- lored so sevoreiy. .u;tecreii7m. ETIQUETTE OF LETTER WRITING. As a rule ovory letter, nnless insult ing in its character, requires an an swer. To neglect to aimwcr a letter, whon written to, is as uncivil as to neglect a reply whon spoken to. In the reply acknowledge first tho receipt of the lettor, mentioning the dato and aflcrwardB consider all the points I equiring attention. II the lottor is to be very brief, com mence sufficiently far from the top of tbo pane to div a nearly equal amount ol blank paper at tno ooiiom oi tno shoot whon tbo letter is enueu. , Should the matter in the lettor con tinuo beyond ho first Pago, It is well tocommenco a little above the shoot, extending as far as necessary on the other pages. - It is thought improper to use a half-shoot of paper in lormal lottor. Aa a matter of economy and conven ience for business purposes, howovcr, it is customary to havo tho card ol tho business man printed at tho top of the sheet, and a single leal is usca. In writing a lettor, tho answer to which is of more benefit to yoursoll than the person to whom you writo, inolose a postage stamp lor the roply Letters should b as free from ores. uros interlineation, blots and post scripts as possiblo. It is decidedly hotter to copy tho loiter than to have those appear. A lottor of Introduction or rocom mondation should never bu sealed, as tho bearer to whom it is given ought to know the oontonts. UiWl Manual ef Social and Bunnell Forms. A young mother was giving to bor son, aged five years, a touching descrip tion ol the misery into wnicu moprou im am horl fallen. "Far twtv from homo aud his kind father, obliged to inb-n mm nf aerinn with nnlhino to oat but the hnsks of com left by tbem," elo. " t hen wny aian t ne eat tno nirr r was tne iirsoticai rcpiv. nan gor Whig and Courier. "That land ought to be used for a cemetrr." remarked a gentleman, as the train elided by a field in which sand and atone were tbe principal pro duction. "Kxoellenl idea, returned his friond, "as nothing but th doad could ever be raised lliore. DY M. L. MoQDOWH. Selected. THE COUNTRY HCIIOOI.IIOIIKK. The eehoolbouee atood boeido the way, A .habby building, old and gray, With rattling ia.h, anil looee-hueg door, Aod rough, uneven wallf and ttoor ; And why ilia little homo.puo erow It gathered wore anme ureya moro bleat Than olhrra, you would aoarce have gueaactll It la a aoerat known to few. I'll tell it out. The high road lay Stretvbod all along the townabip hill, Vtbenee the broad laoda alopod either way, And emiltag ap did atrlve to fill At every window, every door, The leiioolhouee with that graoioul lore , That tied ' fair World would fain it. till. ' So eoftly, quietly It eame, Tha children never knew iti Dana Ita rarloua, onobtruaivu looka They eounted not aa etody book, t And yet thoy ooald not lift an eye From play or labor, dreamily, And not find writ in eweeteat opeeea, , Tho tender loeaona it would teach : "Uo gentle, children, brave aod tree, And kuov tha great Uod loreth yooth," Only tbe toaoher, wla. of heart, DiriuoU tbe landioae'a bleaaaj art And when ahe felt tbe lag and atlr 01 ber young idlera fretting bor, Out-glancing o'er the meaiiowa wide, The ruultng wooda, tho far btlleide, Mho drew freah breath of Uod'a free grace, A gentler look came In her feoe, Her kindly voice oaught ia ita awn An echo of that pleo'iot tooe In which the great World aang IU long "Be oheerful, patient, attll and atrong." if. K. "". a Si. Aii-tola.. Twotoachors of Decatur township hove resigned sinco the term bogan. Don't forget that constant reviewing is the key-note of successful teaching. It is 'somewhat provoking to drive six miles to visit a school, and find that school engagod in scrubbing. The Pino Grove Literary Society in Lawrence township bold lis anuivor sary meeting on Friday evening, tho 26th of December. Glen Hono now boasts of a irruded school, the school at that place having recently been dividod. Miss Sue Patchin bus charge of tho Primary Ucpartmont. An exchange says that County Su perintendent Shatib, of Lancaster, has announced that no teacher can have Certificate tint year who cannot stand an examination in general in formation. ' Attend tho Local Institute at DuHois on tho 6th and 7th of Fobruary noxt- We have not yet received a programme of exercises ; bnt we know that every effort is boing put forth to render it a pleasant and profitable meeting. f ho people should commence at once to look after thoir candidates for the oflloo of School Director. There is no otlico to be filled at the ensuing Feb ruary election bo important as this one. ThAr-abu-a, that vnlora-Alionld nnito LoJ olect men ot intelligence and integrity. The best men ot every district shouiu be placed in this responsible position. The appropriations fbr the schools of this county, due from the Stute, will likely be paid toon. Wo are informed that the State Suporintendont is now engaged In drawing warrants, cover ing all the appropriations due through out theStute. Whotherthose warrant will bo tent out before there i money in tho Treasury to pay thorn, is a ques tion wo cannot answer. It ia our intention to publish, at the oloso of the school term, tho names of all pupils who havo attentled school every day during .the term, if they are sent us by tho respective teachers. Tho roll will be made by townships; nonce, it is necessary for each toaencr to lor ward the returns immediately after tho term closoa, in order that no township or borough may bo omitted. We desire to place a tony of tho proceedings of tho lalo Teachers' In stitute into tho bands ol every director in tho county. Wo shall, thorclora, esteem it a groat favor if the Secretary of oach Board will send us on a postal oard the namos and address of the six momber of his Board. Thore aro eo many changes in the office of director that we oan hardly keep the run ol them. ITEMS FROM LATE REPORTS. G. W. Emigh, teacher of Williams- grovo school, reports for the month ending Docembcr 19th, 1879: Wholo number enrolled, 80 ; por cent of at tendance, U.ij ; visits from directors, 1 ; atldrcsscs delivered to school, 4 ; aver age attendanco, 74 ; missed no lime, 52 , visits Irom patrons, 17 ; pupils detained on account of sickness, 1. James M. Porter, teacher of Curry school, in Piko township, reports for the month ending January Tib, 1880 : Wholo number enrolled, dl; percent. ot attendance, 80 ; average attondanco, 24 ; visits from directors, 1 ; visits from patrons, 10 ; addresses delivered to school, 4 ; mimed no time, 8 Two pupils have missed no time during tbo term ; one other has missed mil one day during term, and three pupils havo missed one day each during the month. Miss Lou Heisoy, teacher of Hubert school, in Union township, reports for the month ending January 7th, 1880 : Whole number enrolled, 27 ; por cent. of attondanco, 89 ; average attendance, 24 : missed no time, 15 ; visits lrom directors, 1 ; visits from patrons, 7 ; addresses dolivored to school, 1 ; pupil dotained by sickness, o. 1 hold exam inations at tbe end ot every month The averngo grade for this month is 95. (My marks rango from 50 to 1110) Had colds have boen tho causo of tho principal part of the absence Wm. Postlothwaite, tcachor of Mill Run school, in Huston township, re port lor tho month ending Jan. 12th, 1880 : Wholo number enrolled, 26 ; per cent, of attendance, 95 ; average attendanco, ZJ ; mtasca no time, 14 visits from patrons, 3 ; pupils detained by sickness, 2. The room waa cleaned during the month. Etlie M. Faust, tcachor of Chestnut Grove school, in Bloom township, re ports for tho month ending Jsn. 1st, 188U: Whole number enrolled, ol por cent, of attendanco, 77 ; avorage attendance, is ; missed no time, i : visits Irom directors, 1 ; visits Irom pa trons, 13; addresses delivered to school, 1 ; pupils dotained by sickness, 7. J. Roll Bloom, teacher of Evergreen school, In Pike township, reports for the month ending January 7lb, 1880 Wholo number enrolled, 25 ; per cent, of attendance, 70 ; avorage attendance, 17 ; missed no timo, 10 ; visit from di rectors, 2 ; visits from patrons, 11 ; ad dresses delivered to school, 2 ; pupils detained by sickness, 2. The poor at tendance this month is due to the bad weather and bad condition of the roads, the majority of the pupils living a great stance lrom the school house. ESSAYS READ BEFORE Till ORAMP1AN TEMPERANCE UNION. WHAT UO WE WANT f Ladies and Gentlemen : As somo of you aro aware 1 was placed on the programme for an oration ; but, boing so bus-, 1 could notllnd timo 10 learn ono. hj if you will listen torn a tow ininutoH, 1 will tell you what we want llul I must first tell you what we don't want. Wo don't want too see our blessed land of liberty filled with paupers and drunken sots. No I God forbid. This life Is too dear to us to thus throw ourselves away by wasting ait our vituiiiy in gruiiiytug our ani mal natures and tramping underneath all our higher and botlor faculties that was givon to us for our spiritual enjoyment. No, friends I we don't want to see our fathers, nor our broth ors, reeling to or lrom the grogshops ; nor do want to soo our noiglibors abut up in tbe jails and ponitentiarios for crime committed whilo intoxicated. Those awful morning feelings after a night's intoxication tell tho tuisa story, and aro thoir own practical commenta tors, or rathor condemnors. Inebriation loaves thoso horrible toolings, because it has dono a correspondingly terrible damago, to inflict which is a sin against existence ilsolr. loung man all mon beware I You cannot afford thus to trifle with, damage, palsy and destroy your precious life. We don't want to see tho precious youth of our dear land poisoning their systems with the foul stench of tobacco juice. What a beauti ful (f) sight to see a new beginner with tho juice running down both sides of his mouth, while on the fleshy part of . i. i: r L-fe-.T I iuu ops in a uara eiruieoi unii-etieweu tobacco I What a sweet kiss ho would make I Think of it, young man, be fore you begin. Think of the words of Robert Burnos, "Oh I would aomo power that gillie gle uf. To eeoouraelvee aa libera fee ua," and you will novor fall victims to the foul curse. "If its consumers can e:i- dure their own foetid breath, thoy have no business to intnct thoir rotten, stinking eflluvia on outsiders, especially on lovely women, and least of all, a pationt wile. I obacco consumers, chew and smoke that and let itstopyour chew ing and smoking tobacco." It looks awful to soo a long-faced, lantorned-jaw- od, bollow-cbeoued man make his lace still longor, his chooks still more hollow by putting. It is a disgusting spectacle, evon in a raggod loafer, but far worse in a "spruood-up dandy, who pretends to look genteelly ana scrupulous. .V bat must a woman of nice cultivated tastes think on Boeing a man, whom she ad mires, thus deform his noblo manly looks r Ub, young man, lay aside the old pipe, throw away the eld stump, spit out the old quid, and one-ball of your life is saved. Do this, and you will not have any hankering after tbe grogshops. Oh, stop I We don't want it; you don't need it; your system .toe eant -twin ire mirth a atimulna : it ia asm against the moral luw. uod for bids it it is contrary to his wishes ; and you aro tho loser. 1 bave thus tar tried to be as easy with those who have fallen victims as possible. You can see what we don't want- Now we will try and toll yon as briefly as possiblo what we do want. We want temperate mon and women too to advocate the cause of Temper ance in our land ; to lilt men ap out ol tho.miroy slums of an endless ruin and place them on a higher piano, so thoy can exercise their moral lacuitiej, and prepare to Uvea lile of happiness and onjoy the sweet liberties wo possess; we want eur lathers to early impress on tho minds of thoir children the im portance of Temperance ; we want our clergy to raise their voices and put down those monsters; we want our school toacuora to teach It in our tchoolt ; in fact, we want every person to advocate it, and then wo can bid do- fianco to pain and sicknosa. hat is life worth to us, if we are not happy f Happiness Beekors allow this homo appeal. Are you content with this animal tendency of your faculties? Do you not exporionco a perpetual aching void which this world is utterly inade quate, as it was never designed, to till ? Aro gold, silver, and lands all tbe treasures for which you long f Do you not exporionco an indefinable want wbieb nothing earthly has the power to satisfy 1 Do you not hunger and thirst after meat, to eat which you know not of exoopt just tasto enough to show you what there is? O God, toed us on tho broad of heaven I Give ns these grapos of Paradise till we revive and gain strength enough to enter tho promised land. the cultivation el spirituality Is ol course commonsurato with thoso anto-pasta"of hoaven it was calculated to bestow. Shall we not exercise it ? Yot wo must not expoct to carry hoaven in one band and oartb in the other. "No man can serve two masters." Where our treasure is there will our joys will be also. We cannot revel in this gross animal cast ol our luculttos, and also to thoso holy aspirations. You who are content to go on as heretofore bave your ways boloro you. Advice is useless. But ye who would renounce this coarse-grained function ol your faculties, and foast oa tbe riches of heaven instead ol bore. To experience these holy joys this spiritualising faculty must be cultivated. And to do this, put off the worldly phase ol all young faculties' and exercise them in accordance! with thi analysis of spirituality. Commune with yourownsoil and your Uod not at times "few ami far botwoon," nor hurriedly, hut daily and long. Shut th terrestrial door ol thy soul and open its ccluslinl windows, and thoro give way to spiritual reveries. Lot it go out alter God and imbibo His spirit ; feast on His lovo ; oontempluto Hit oharaclor as exhibited In Ilia works assimilate and attune your footings and innermost soul to Ilia divine likeness ; put away all unclean thoughts, and desiro and long alter purity and moral porloclion. 1 ot you need not shut yourself up in tho dark. Natural light does not intercept but promotes spiritual. Tho open canopy ot heaven, oulttvatod Holds, deep and still lorests. nowor bedecked lawns, murmuring brooks, beautiful and magnificont landscape; above all, the rising and sotting so ., morning and evening twilight, the glowing east, the gold-tongued sky of oi departing uay, have a magic spell which inspire ub with a eonso of II is presence, and infuse into the tout those spiritual longings and emotions we would show bow to cultivate Now, you can see what we want. If yon are willing to obey and be happy, well and good ; if not, sin and sutler. K. M. W. " WHAT SHALL THH CURB BB I That champion humanitarian, John 11. Uough, give thi striking illustra tion of the Xemnerano work ; He compares the great gulf, toward which the alcoholio flood is rolenllossly bearing o muny of "tho noblest works of God," to th abyt of Niagara, The early Temperance organization brldg. ed tbe itroara above tbe Fall and rescued many ) but they toon found that tome who had boen plucked a it wore from death had again lallen ; that the tide wo growing itrongor. The fiory flood roll on bearing it thou sand. Thoy look farther up lb stream to learn the cause, and find mon pushing each other in. Why? For what? For money. Even a th robber slays for gold and oast hi victim from the dill. Thi is a pioturo of result ; but It ia by results that work is judgod ; by tho fruit the tree is known, From it 1 wish to ask bow shall we act ? Will we hridgo the stream, and be content with rescuing the tew who drilt within our reach, or will we go above and warn aud save ere they are lost? Will we prevent the pushing in? What can what should wo do in this matter? Much every way. While we rescue the lallen, we oan also presorve the puro; whilo wo strongthon the weak, wo may prepare the atrong lor lator. Here is a field lor the Church and society ; lor tho clergy and the people; lor the public and llioprivulo; lor tbo Natiou and tho State. Let Temper ance bo taught In the schools, lrom the pulpit, in business, aud by tho way side. Much, very much is being dono through these. Publio opining must beavanocd. These are tho lovers that sway the world. God' blowing be upon them ; but with all these, unless the stream bo sealed at the fountain it will slill flow. Unions the publio de mand that it be stopped, it will still flow. Unless it maintains its demand it will flow on.. Whib it is free to flow thore will be drunkonnes and crime. Whilo ono man hands lorth death, claiming that it is his right, tho reform will be compelled to force its way. ' But let It be declared that mm is an outlaws that Temporonce is the motto of tbo State, and sobriety will vindicate its honor. How shall the fountain be scaled ? Must wogoon teaching that it is an evil, hoping that a knowledgo of this will turn all from it? It it a vain hope; but we need not wait for ail to turn. The majority rtilos. The Nation has long been preparing for tho final core. It ut at band. XSeod 1 mention what is? Tbe UallotI We should thank God and our fore-iathors for it. Through tho long and troubled ages it has been preparing for us. Will we use it now ? It is the last tbe final cure. "Prohibition maintained by the laws sustained by tho people." Let this be our watchword and our aim. A STORM IN SWITZERLAND. A storm hero is mightily impressive I was seated tbe other evening on the summit oftho"Hha'nli,"a round topped hill crownod with a bummer hotel and theatre, and was dining listlessly, look ing out now and then at the vast line of snow clad peaks in the burst ot tcrrilio thunder, and then a succession of lightning flashes. Tbo servant came hurrying to remove tho cloth, and pointed apologetically to a black cloud which was coming with extraordinary Bwiftness along the sky. Far off in the valley I could see great sheets of rain tailing ; and a besulilul curtain of wbilo clouds rose elowly up before the white Alps, shutting thorn entirely from view. There came more thunder and lightning, and then by the lime was salely boused beneath an awn ing it soemcd to me that tbo sur rounding world had disappeared. Thick darkness reigned. 1 be sky was filled with torrents of rain, that beat down with crashing force among tbe wind- tormented tree ; tho heaven fairly bolluaoil, aud ftvenuvwomiw uivhim.. - there was resounding cracka that really made one's heart boat fosterthan usual. Porno and its cathedral, the long line of woodon house by the river, with their gublcd roofs and hundred win dows, tho poplar trees, the bridge and the noble bills beyond it, were gone I Chaos reigned in their stead. An hour of this was monotonous, and just as I was becoming restless the rain ceased, and one final farewell grand organ poal from the colestialchoirvaalu came ringing down, through the clouds, which began to rise. Tbe hill directly opposite me now began to appear. The mist stole away , disclosing lirst a wood, thon a house, thon attract, then pretty gardens, and thon by and-by tho mass ive walls by the stream. Warm breezes cam to replace tbe oold winds, which teemed to bave come down from tho glaciora ; tho troes near mo rocked no longor, but presently the sun came bravely lortb, and touched them, turn ing every rain drop upon thom into a pearl. Now glory flooded the hills and valloys, and! ventured to look toward "Obcrland" again. Tho curtain waa Bwept away as by a supernatural hand, and as if it had been done expressly that I might be overcome with admira tion. There they were I their exquis ite, eternal, dazzling summit touched with tint of rose I Surely such a di vine spectacle ia not often soon I I felt as it 1 had not livod in vain. The Alps I tho Alps I tbe snow-crowned, the majestic, the mysterious Alps I 1 understood bow Byron had been in spired to writo "Manfred." I got a clear glimpse of the inspiration which uplills the soul in loose nuuie regions. Cor. of the Meteorologist. UO W CELLULOID IS MADE. The frightful explosion of the cellu loid works at Newark, New Jersey, and loss of lito recently bss caused many people to inquire how eel luloid is made and for what purpose it is used. Dr. W. H. Wahl tells in lb Journal of Industry . what celluloid is and bow it is msdo. linelly denned, celluloid, he says, is a species of solidi fied collodion, produced by dissolving gun-cotton (pyroxylin) in camphor with the aid oi heat ana pressure, ine gun-cotton is ground in a water to a ne pulp In a machine similar to mat used in grinding paper pulp. The pulp it then subjected to poworfttl pressure in a perforated vessel to ex tract tho bulk of the moisture, bot still leaving it slightly moist for tbe next operation. This consist In thoroughly incorporating finely comminuted gum camphor with tbe moist gun cotton pulp. Tho proportion! employed are said to bo one part by weight of camphor to two part by weight ol the pclp. With this mixture any col oring matters required can now be in corporated. Tbo noxt stop is to tub- joct the mass to a powerful pressure in order to expel from It tbe remaining traces of moisture and Incidontally to effect also the more intimate contact ol the camphor with the pulp. Tbe dried and compressed mats is next placed in a mould, open at the top into which Hla a solid plungor. A heavy hydraulio pressure is brought to bear upon the plungor, and at the same tim tbe mixture it heated by moans of a steam jacket surrounding the ves sel to a temperatiiro of about 300 Fahrenheit. When tbe mas it taken out ol the pros it hardens, and acquire the extraordinary toughness ana elas ticity which are the distinguishing characteristic of this remarkable pro duct. Celluloid Is very largely used as a substitute for Ivnry, which it imitated with crest uoces. Tortoise shell, mulscnite, mother of pearl, coral, and other costly and elegant materials, are also so snccesslully imitated that an export can hardly delect tbe original from tho copy. Celluloid 1 also used a a (ubttitute for porcelain In the manufacture of dolls, which will stand a good deal of rough usage without breaking. Quit recently, too, It has been oombined with linen, and, nsed for shirt bosoms, enffs and collar.