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TUB . .
CLEARFIELD REPUBLICAN," lOBBD tVBBV VBDaaanAV. AT CLEABFIKLD, PA. tUTABLIIHED I H 181. Tin largeet Circulation efauy Newspaper In North Central Panne) Iranla. Terms of Subscription. tf netd Ib edranee, or within montas...t9 : ' . . . i i i- . . . a If paid after Ibt expiration of 1 monthl... 3 OO Ratei ot Advertising. Transient advertissasnts, per square of 10 llaooor !, 8 timea orleaB 11 80 For each aubsequent Insertion- , 80 Administrators' tod ttsoeatcre' nolteea...... I 0 Auditors' aotiees H H .. S 0 Cautions and K.lrays. t 80 liissolutlon notices I 00 Profeeaiooel Carde, ft llnoa or leeB.l year...- ft 00 Local aotines. per liot 0 YP.ARLY ADVERTISEMENTS. I ou.uere IS 00 oolumn.. 10 00 1 XUBrlM..M....10 00 I i eoluma.... 70 00 I aquaret.. 10 00 1 oolumn.. IN 00 Q. B. O00DLANIIKK, Pobllibor, pu'ytrs' gnrflg. jj w. SMITH, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, tt:l:TS Clearfield, Pa. J J. LIXGLE, A.TTORNEY-AT - LAW, 1 : IS Phlllp.barg, Centre Co.. Pa. 7 Pd TJOLANDD.SWOOPE, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Curwensrille, Clearfield oounty, Pa. not. 0, '78-lf. QSCAR MITCHELL, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIKLD, PA. -Offloe In tbo Oper House. oeuV78tf. 1 R. & W. BARRETT, J. Attorneys and Counselors at Law, clearfield, pa. January 90, 1878. JSRAEIi TEST, ATTOBNKY AT LAW, ClearBeld, Pa. srOlnca In the Court Hooee. UtII,'" Til. M. McCULLOUGII, ATTORNEY AT LAW, I CLEARFIELD, PA. (in :e in lionle building, Second MrM, op im.iu. tba Court llouu. Je28,'78 ir. c. AltNOLP, I.AAV 4 COLLECTION OFFICE, CUKWENSVILLB, ,;t CkardeM Connur, Penn'a. 7ij s. J T. BROCK BANK, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, PA. I OCoa in Optra Homo. ap U'V lj yiLLIAM A. HAGEIiTY, .ITTOH.I'Kl'-JT-t.i ir, CLEARFIELD, l'KNN'A .raj-Will attrod to all logil buin wltb promploert and fidelity. febll,'BO-tf. wiLi.ua a. waLLAra. HARBT P. WALLAra. DAVin a. ibbib. JOBR W. WRIOLBT. WALLACE & KREBR, (Suiooaion to Wallaoo A Fialdloa,) ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW, ianl'77 Clcarflelol, P. K. SNYDER, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIELD. PA. 't lirnrr In r Optra Unupa. I Juno 28, '7Stf. g L. Mc(iEE, .1 TTORJTE 1 -.J T- I.Jt ', DuBois, Clearfield County, Penn'a. ar-Will attond prempllj to all legal builneM eotra.tod to hll oaro. Jaa3l,'H0. TBOrl. M. MURRAT. OTRn flOSBOl. rURRAY & (iORI)ON, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, CLEAKFIRLD, PA. 4f Offioa Ib Pie'i Optra Uoait, itoond floor. l.tH'U rORBPN I. K'BaALLT. OAR1BL W. H'OPBOT. Mc fcENALLY & McCURDY ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW, Claardeld, Pa. payLtgil baalntti atttndod to promptly witbj ddtlity. Offlto on Second etreot, aboro tbo Pint National Bank. jan:l:TI O. KitAMER, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, Real SiUto and Collection Agent, CXEtARPIIbXif, PA., Will promptly attend to all legal bnliaeee aa truited to bii earn. ""-Office in Pto'l Optra HonH. Jan I '71. J F. McKENRICR, DISTRICT ATTORNEY, CLEARFIELD, PA. All learml hutlneai tntrotted to kll eara will ra etivo prompt attention. aj-Offloo In tbo Coart llonee. uI4,I7I Ij. JOHN L. CUTTLE, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Hit) Real Katata Aa-ent, Clearfield, Pa. OSoa ob Tbird nrool, btkCkarry A Walnnl, r-Reipeetfelly offora bie atrrieat Ib atlllng and buying landa la Clearfield aad adjoining oeaatleai BBd witb aa oiperioBoooi ovartvoBlT y.art at a aarTayor, flattora klmaaU that he eaa raneor aatlilaotloa. IFea. laiaaitr, pysltinus' Cards. Jn. n. jot. ooununnn, IIOMlF.OPATHIC PHYSICIAN, Offlaa Ib reaidtnrt on Firat it. April 34, 1871. Claertleld, Pa. jyi. W. A. MEANS, PHYSICIAN k SURGEON, DUBOIS CITY, PA. Will attend profeaalonal oalla promptly. aagl070 Yyi- T. J. BOTER, r-HYSICIAN AND SURGEON, OSea oa Market Strati, Oleartell, Pa. marOBce koarai I t II a. ., aad t X I p. jQR. J. KAY WRIGLEY, HOMOtPATUIO PHYSICIAN, ar-Oflloa adjolBlag tba reaideaca af Janet Wrigley, K,., oa getoad St., Clearfield, Pa. jalytl,'78 tf. D R. II. B. VAN VA1.ZAH, I LKAKl'ltLII, PesNN-A. OFFICE IN HKSIDENCK, COftNRR OF FIRST AND PINE STREETS. p OBoe kowra-From II to t P. M. May II, 187ft. D R J. P. BURCH FIELD, Late Sargoon of tho S3 J eUglmeat, PeBBeylaaala Volaateara, haelag rotaraed from Iba Arm. afara kit profeeaienal terrlata ta tkeelUaeaa WOlearteldaoBBIy. taaT-Proftaaloaal oaUa premptly aUaadedta. osoe aa getoad street, formerlyeeaapiea ay Dr. Weode. (aprd.'MM ARNOLD HAS ADVANCED Prices of Shingles. SnAVEDAND SAWED. CanraaeelDe, Jaa. t, Ti ll. I Oil PRINTbBO of BVBRT DISCRIP ' ttaa aaatlf uaeated at thle eca. CLEARFIELD : ' 1 ' GEO. B. GOODLAKDEB, Editor ti Proprietor. PRINCIPLE$, NOT MEN. TEBMS-12 per annum in Advanoe. VOL. 54-WHOLE NO. 2,663. CLEARFIELD, PA., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 17, 1880. NEW SERIES-V0L. 21, NO. 11. Card. T tf Wa barn prlnUd a larga nam bar of tb KKI 11 ILL, and will on tha receipt of twwi:--In Mltia. m ft MOT t an addrM. -arM WILLIAM M. HENRY, Juhtioe or m Pbaci ahi Somrmii, LUMBER CITY. Cul.Mttfona niada and mont? promptly paid orar. ArtlolM of armQt and ddi of aoavtjanon t.tij aiMUtad ana varrftniea cor root r no ebarta. 1'iJj'TI JOHN D. THOMPSON, Juetloe of tbo Peeoe aod Scrivener, Curwenarllle, Pa. toavCollortlonl aiada and aJ promptlj paldo.er. febll'71tf TTENRY BRETH, folTBBD r. 0.) JUSTICE OF THE PEACE FOB BILL TOWBIIir. M 8, 187B lj JAMES MITCHELL, OBiU IB Square Timber & Timber Lands, Jill'7 CLEARFIELD, PA. REUBEN HACKMAN, House and Sign Painter and Paper Hanger, Clearntld, Peun'a. km-WIU hmuU Jobo Ib kll lino promptlj and 1b a worbmanliko manoor. apr4,87 JOHN A. STAPLER, BAKER, Uarkot St., Cleattild, Pa. Froib Broad, Ruik, Roll!, Plal and Cahoi on band or mada to ordor. A gonoral Maortmant of Coofootlonarloi, Frolli aad Nti la itok. loo Cream and Oyntoro in onion. Saloon aaarlj oppoiiu tbo PoitulBoo. Prieaa aiodorato. M.roh I0--7J. WEAVER. & BETTS, PRALBBI IB Real Estate, Square Timber, Saw Legs, AND LUMBER OF ALL KINDS. ,ITJ-Office on Swond alroat, ia rear of atora room of (laorgo Wearer A Co. f JaliO. "8 lf. RICHARD HUGHES, JUSTICE OF TUB PEACE pom Itecalur Totrnshlp, Oaeeola Mllli P. O. All oBolal bnilneaa aatraatod to him will bo DromotiT attended to. meblfl, 78. HAIiRY SNYDER, BARBER AND HAIRDRESSER. Shop on Market St., opposite Court lloajt. A eleaa towel for every ouiteaser. Alto dealer lo licit llranda of Tobacco and t'l((are. ri....i4 p 10. "70. JAMES H.TURNER, Jl'STICE OF TUB PEACE, W allareton, Pa. saa-ne baa nrenarod himaolf with all tbt otoet.ary blank forme ander tbe Paaaioa and Boooty lawa, aa well aa blank Daeda, eta. All legal mature animated to hit tore will rereirt prompt attention. Way 7th, ISlO-lf. A NDREW HARWICH, Market Htreet, ticarneio, ra., MAavrAcroaaa Aao dbalbb la Harness, Bridles, Saddles, Collars, and Iiorse-r urmsning uooas. aJTAII kiadt of repairing promptly attended u.jn ' li . . J .. U n .u n.niki. Hurt Comba, At., alwaya on hand and for Bale at the lowed taah prlet. March ID, 1870 Q. H. HALL, RACTICAL PUMP MAKER, NEAR CLBARFIBLD, PENN'A. -Pampa alwaya ob hand aad made to order ob Ihort aotico. Pipes bored on reasonable terma. All work warraated ta reader aatiafaetloB, Bad dtllrtred If dtatrtd. myltilypd Iiivery Ntnble. rpHK nndirilpMd bgi Inrtto I mora tbopitv dU all In tbt wmj of furniibinf II -.mi, Bur );,, BftddlM nnd BnrnoM, (b iborUat aotio and n rmnnihli tormt. HMidMeo on Ltmitt itmt, iMtwoon Third aod ronrth. OBO. W. QKARHART. Hoarilald. fob. 4, 1ST. WASHINGTON HOUSE, OLEN nOPB, PENN'A. Tnt wndcrtiKned, having lea Bed tbla 'eoaj modioBB Hotel, Ib tbo Tillage of (lien Hope, ia now prepared to aoeomnjodate ail who may tall. My table and bar aball be eapplled with tbe belt the marke t affords. OKORHE W. DOTTS, Jr. Illea Dope, Pa., March 10, 1B7S tf. THOMAS H. FORCEE, DR AlalM II GENERAL MERCHANDISE, CRAIIAMTON, P. Alw.osloailrn nannftMtarr and dalar fn Poar it 9 Mr ana Bind innibroi an Rio at. p9Ot&M oMaltod and nil bill pronptlj Rlld. I'JjUTa' E. A. BIGLER & CO., MALnni in SQUARE TIMBER, and maaafaolnrtrs of AM. KIN IMl OF 8AWCI) I.I1MHER, T'Tl CLEARFIELD, PENN'A. S. I. SNYDER, A ALRR IR L Watch ob, Clocks and Jewelry, Ornkam't Jtvta, Mark Mtri, CLEAN FIKt.n, PA. All kind of repairing ta mj Hn ttronptlr nt- Mdtd to. April , inn. Clearfield Nursery. EaNCOUJIAQR HOME INDU8TRY. TUB vndanticMd, baTtnf ttab!lihd a Vmt Mry oa lh 'tik; aboal btvlf way botvoM Ckarfluld and Car ?. It. ! rpard ta Hr niib all bindi at VHUIT THKKft. (tandard and dwarf.) KrrrrrMni, BhrnbbwjTp Orapa Vtaat, Uooibrry, Lawton BlatMrrj Huawharry, aod Raupbarry VttitM. Alto. Btbarlftia Crab Tma, Qui dm, aod ttrlj toarltt Rhobtrb, 4i, Ordtrt pronptlj aiUndstl to. Add ran. J. U. WHIIiHT, Mpl9 CnrwantrlUa, Pa. MEAT. MARKET. F. M. CARD0N & BB0., Oa Market 8b, aae door wee of Meaeie Hoaaa, CLBARFIBLD, PA. Oar arranremantt are rf the meet eomnlote eharaoter tor roralebiag the aablie wlta rreeh Meau or all Itad, ana ar tee very won aoaiity. Waalto deal la all blade of Airiealtaral Imala. meau, wblah wa Beef ea eibtbitiea for the baa alt of the pablta. Call aroaed when la taws, and take a took at Ulaga, at ea-araea ai K. M. lAKUUA el J1HU. ClearSald, Pa., inly 14, lllt tt ' f ltarfitld lnntmnt Jrmcy, jaaae aaaa.- CAaaau, a, simls. KERR ft BlltULE, Jttnl; RepraeMt tha fbllowlaf aad atbar Irft-elaaa Oo'a Compaelaa. Aeaett. Llrrrrool Laadoa A aloba-D, R. Br.J4.8el.8l Lyeemlag-etj mataal Aeaak pl... t.OOO.OOO Pkeala,of Hartford, Oaaa 1,114,089 Ineareac Oa. of Monk America ,4.U,lt4 Monk Brltlah A MereaBUIe U.S. Br. 1,781,881 Srouiak Comaaeretel U. i. Braaob.... 170,148 Watartawa .....HH TS4,8lft Tratelara (Life A A..!d.at. .............. 4,Ma,4M OBoe aa Market St., app. Ceart lleaaa, Clear- sell, ra. JBM4, TV-It. EDUCATIONAL. BY M. L. McQUOWN. " ' The many reports roceivod ft re bold over for the next issue. Our schools ttro suffering Irom lbs effects of mild weather. Hurnaido borouKh pays its teachers the sting sum of ( IS per month. New Washington talks of grading her school. It now has over eighty pupils. . . .... "Tbe secret of securing order is to secure interest. An idlo child cannot keep quioU" Tbo postage on tbe pamphlot pro cecdings of tbo Institute sent out, amounted to 116. The schools of CI ir aril township have just closed a term of seven months, and have iu every inntanro been suo cessful. A very creditable exercise in Gym nastics was conducted by John C. Bar clay, teacher of New Washington school, during tho time ol our visit. Nearly all the male teachers of Bell towuakip were ratting during tbe days we spont in that township, and conse quently their schools were not visitod. A, l,.m lt,..l, W W ltw.lo,. ,i Joiwe Hutton, members of the Board ol JNew oshinglon borough, accom panied us to tbo public school of that place. ' Messrs. T. C. Keenan, J. H. Rowlos, VA. Farrell and Alex. McDonald, mem bers of tho Ponn township School Board, havo roccntly made a visiting tour to the schools in their jurisdic tion. Oorvisitingtour for 1879 80 closos this week. No one can form any idea of the arduous labor oonnoctod with traveling tho county this year. We shall speak more fully of the work done in our next. The School Board ot Clearfield bor- ough have added one moro year to the graduating course in the Leonard Graded School. It now requires three years to graduate after leaving the Preparatory Department. Directors cannot be too careful about letting tbe school houses in their dis tricts to persons without the necessary qualifications in which to hold Sum mer scbools. leacbcrs with certifi cates should have the preference in all rases. Drults for the payment ol the State appropriations to the several school districts ol tho county, have been re turned by the btute I reasuror unpaid. l bis is to be regretted very much, as many districts are groatly embarrassed therefrom. Wo found in nearly all the schools of Burnsido township well prepared monthly statements, Bnowing the con dition of tbo schools at tho close of each month. Pine Grove, Shepherd and East Ridgo have a very creditable showing in this diroction. Some malicious person, or persons broke into tho Harmony school bouse, in Burnside township, not long since, and appropriated to their own use the nroom, clock and other articles belong ing to tbe school. The party guilty of so moan an act should be made suffer the penalty. Every person Is highly pleased with tbe success of the schools in tbe upper end of tbe county. Tho young teach ers especially have done good work, and much credit is reflected upon the New Washington Normal IoBtitutofor having contributed such well-trained persons to the profession ol teaching. Adam Broth, Esq., Secretary of the School Board of New Washington, and Aaron Newcomer, Secretary of the Board of Greenwood township, were elected to the office of Justioe of tho Peaoe at the February olectlon. This is tho fifth term and twenty first year tho lormor gentleman has sorvod in that office. The proceedings of the Bloom township Local luntuto hold at Green ville, March 6th, are beforo us, and we regret very much that we cannot have them inserted in dotail. From tbe pro ceedings we learn that W. 8. Lnthor was made the presiding officer, and Etlie M. Faust served as Secretary. The Address of Welcome waa deliv ered by Susan Leech, a pupil of the Greenville school. One of the pleas ing features ol the Institute, was the active part taken by Messrs. C. A. Wood, Goo. Irwin and Wm. Dnlo, citi zens of that community. Tbe ques tion: Resolved, that there should be a legal standard of- qualification for the right ol suffrage, was very ably dis cussed at the evening session by W. S. Luther and C. A. Wpodsonlhaprtro-ia. uvu, aim ra. iule and A. A. De Larme on the negative. Tbe meeting did a great doal of good towards build ing up publio somimont in that com munity, and we hope it may be follow ed with more oi tbe same kind. Mr. L. E. Gelnett, the toucher in charge, labored earnestly for its success. The followlBg are the aamaa ef tba saembers of tbe late Teaebtr'a Inatitale anlntentieaelly omit ted, IB the pamphlet proeeedioga, aad whleei we promiiod to pobUah is to It "Column" Ibis weak : Sophia MetJoreni, Pcaa i Clara A Reed.SroMi wood, Flstreed I W. F. Dale, Ualiob, Jeneerillei Ida M. aearharl, Baeoerie, No. 4 i K. R. Porter, Oolltk, Oak Orore, Melko B. Hoffmen, Cheat, McMarreyi Iltariatta Irwin, BartMido, Caebi Rosa LaPort, Woodward, Hanbara Maggie Amerman, taioa, Rocktoa Independent! J. L. Lighlner, Pens, Penan lie) Jeaala Naf, Ferga. too, Friendship Jarome Wllenn, Bradford, Jack ets Meble MoUoorge, Clearfield, Primary ( gut Palcbla, Woodward, Belaeme. . vraaotoaa in irrjurpAeo. . Joba L. Pierce, Bradford I M. W. Johatoa, Jamea Bteronaon, Greenwood 1 Jamae Jobaaoa, Jordnai Holaad Kenady.CeTlaglea t LesiOonh. Ila, Milea Koad, William Qrahem, 8. F. Rowlaa, Laareaoei Willlaaa R. Brown, Hoary Bnydor, Jamea L. Leery, tJeorgo 8. Young, Clearfield i Oeorge Bhlrey, Ulrardi Daniel Uilobiag, Jaaaee Laaaberry, Bradford ladepaadeot, Joba Fallen, Lewis Irwia, Joba Bulla, Uoakaat flemael Mo Kaarick, Plhei Joseph S ameer, V. N. Hpoattr, Pito Independent Hon. John Pattoa, Gerwoaa lllei Joba B. Weld, Banana Tbemat Nome, Kaoth Straw, Fergana aUward Parrel, Peak. leaoBABT aaaaaaa. A. T. Sorjrer, Ltwreaea towathlp A. D. Wins, Look Hates Normal Bohael I tf. A. War lag, Csatre aoaaly, Pa. L. I. Weber, Phlllpa barg, Pe.j Bilas Reeaa, Palat Leokoet, Oeatre ooaaty, Pa. A. I Uearbart, Seedy Hidga, C.a. ire eowelT, Pa. Sadk) A. Uallaber, Now Wntt laglea! U. . Parlor, A. M. Head, L.wreaea toweehlp Laella Bargwia, Fraakha, Veaaoge ooaaty, Pa., B. J. Driakaaier, Wllllamaport, Pa.; Mallaea Barley, Tyreaa, Pe. A. A. Marray, Slrard lawaBklpi W. K Baker, Sept. of Ualiag doe, Pe. M.J. Bhaw, FUmlag, Centra aoaaly, Pel James A. Flea lor, Maaieeabarg, Ooairo eoaaty, l'a. J oka W, Bell, Bower, OloarltM ooaaty, Pa; Nellie Bird, Carrie Lateaeka, Ilia keaaabraaa, Aliee Bird, Fealald, Pa. Kau Alia. maa, Altaaaa, Pa. Joka H. MelHIegoe, Maat legdoa, Pa.) Joba I. Methlet, Mabaaay City, I'e.i Jeaioa A. MeQaewa, ladlaaa, fa.i Kdmaad Bark, Pkiladelpbla, Pa. Aetkoay II lie, Natkaa lel llippe, Laaibar City Mattla WlUee, Mrt.J. R. Wlieoa, Weadlaal, Pa. ANNALS OF THE WAR. Chapter of Unwritten History--The Gettysburg campaign i ne atory of tha Second Curps on the March and In Batl e. Hanoook'i HeroiBin .Under Fire. A Graphic llecllnlefthextlrrlng Dcedaof an fvaoiiui iray. ar Jon enaaaAL ar. claib a. ui aoi.nao. From tbe Phibtdalphla Timet. In all the four years ol its existence tbe men of tho Army of tbe Potomac never bailed an order with more de- lieht than that one wbiob withdrow us from before Fredericksburg and sent us North. When on that lovely Summor evening in June, 1863, we looked for the last time on Marye's heights and the monument ot Vt aah invton's mother, which bad been shat tored and broken by the shells ol both armies, and stood out there on the plain back ot the city as though pro testing against this fratricidal strife, a mute and sorrowlul JNiobe weeping lor tbe mislortiincs ol her children, every heart beat with a quickened throb and all the men rejoiced to leave the scenes of tbe last six months. We withdraw from tbe line of the river after the sbados of night had lallen over the landscape ; and it seemed to be an ap propriate hour, lor bad not tbe great army while here been in shadow, with out a ray of sunshine to gladden our Bouls? and we had boon hero so long we were beginning to be forgotten as the Army ot tha Potomac, and letters camo to us marked "Army of the Rap pahannock." As we marched away in the darkness our joy was not unuiin glod with sorrow, for was thero a veteran in the ranks who did not leave behind tbo jrraves of noble and well beloved comrades who bad fought bo- side bim from tbe beginning of the great strueele? Wo did not march uway with all the army. Whon our camp-fires which on thisnigbt burned with unusual brightness went oot and left the Valley of the iiappahannock in darkness, the living army was gone to bo sure, but twenty-five thousand of our members lajr, over on the other side ol the rivor the boroes of Fred ericksburg and Chuncollorsville. An army of occupation, indeed, the corps of honor, forming a great aod perma nent camp the bivouac of the dead. A MARCH TO VICTORY. Thoughts ot sadness soon gave way to those of a more buoyant nature ; we felt when the head of the column turn ed toward the Capital the road we trod would lead lo victory. Ihemarcbto Gettysburg was one of tho longest and most severe we bad yet experienced. In thinking of war we are ant to look only at tbe battles ; to hear the dread sound of strife ; see the deadly, gaping wounds, and are roady to crown the survivora or give bonor to those who fell ; but the hardships of the march, the heats of Summer, the colds ot Winter, the ontire absenoe of every comfort and luxury in active service is overlooked or forgotten by those who do not participate. jNapoloon, when retreating from Moscow, lost many of bis mea by the excessive cold ; directly opposite was our experience on the way to uettysburg. un one day, 1 think tbe second out from Falmouth, our corps lost more than a dozen men from sunstroke they fell dead by the waysido. un another day we crossed tbe battle-field of Bull Run, where the yoar before Pope bad mot with dis astrous defeat. No effort bad been made to bury the dead properly ; a lit tle earth, which the rain had long ago washed away, bad been thrown over them where tbey tell, and their bodies. or rather their skeletons, now lay ex posed to view, ia some part ot tbe field they were in groups, in other places singly and in all possible posi tions. One cavalryman lay outstretch ed with skeleton band still grasping his mated sword. Another, ball cov ered with earth, the flesh still clinging to his lifeless bones and hand extended as if to greet us. We rested for. a short time on the field and one of the regiments of our brigrade (tbe Twenty eighth Massachusetts) baited on tbe very spot on which thoy bad fought tbe year previously, and recognised the various article lying around as belonging to their own dead. The route of tbe Second corps to Gettysburg was ovor two hundred miloa in length. Some days we march ed fifteen on otbors eighteen miles, and on one day (June 2'J) this corps com pleted the longest march made by any infantry during the war leaving Fred erick City, Md., in the morning and halting at 11 o'clock P. M. two miles beyond Unlontown, a distance of thirty-four miles. When 1 look back over the almost snore of years to this march of tbe Socond corps and think of the perfect discipline in the ranks, the cheerfulness with which the en listed men, with their load of filly -seven pounds weight muskot and ammunition, knapsack and cartridge box, shelter tent and blanket, cantoen and rations trudged along under tho broiling sun of tbe bottom month in our yoar ; how bravely they straggled t?,eySllo,U?U,m!- ,A,orngra,uTh!,,J,, while on tho march, uo act was com mitted which could bring dishonor up on them as men, as citizens or soldiers, my noart nils with admiration, and I offer a flowing measure of praise to my comradoswhoareyetaliveand to those who are no more. Tbore is not an in habitant on all that line of march who can tell of a single act of vandalism by any ol tha men, aueh aa we are wont to bear ol other armies. In tha, rich and cultivated country throngh which w passed lifo and property wero ro spectod as much as though we were in the halcyon days of peace. Old and young earn to the roadside lo see the army pass, and know thoy were safe from insult or molestation. The fiolds of ripening grain waved untramplod when tbe corps had gone by, the men evon going out of their way to avoid the gardens lest tbey should step upon the lowers. Tbe perfection of disci pline in tbe army at this period was ex traordinary. The armies that fought the war of 1861 differed very widly from tbt armies of other nations. We had no hoards of Cossacks, no regi ments of Baahi-Baiouks to burn and destroy, to Insnlt lb agod or crush the defenseless. When Hancock, at Will iamsborg, said to his brigade, "Gentle man, charge I" be did not call bis troops out of tboir name. Our army waa literally an army of gentlemen. 'i ACROSS TUB POTOMAO And 10 wo passed on to Thorough fare gap, to Edwards' ferry, lo Fred erick, Md., to Unlontown and Tansy town, where, on the morning of July 1. the Socond corns waa massed, and where Gonoral Meade's headquarters bad boen established. W bile the corps were tiling into tbe fields lo tbe right ana lett ol tbe road and tattling down for rest and to wait for orders, Gen eral Hancock rode over to Gen. Meade and entered Into conversation with him ! At they wore talking a mounted offlcor dasbod up, bringing the intelligence that fighting had begun at Gettysburg thirteen miles distant. J ho news was meagre otily that tbore was fighting. That was all ; yot it caused a general surprise, unaware as we wero oi mo near proximity oi mo enomy, and wasenoneb to send a thrill through- out tho vetorun ranks. Tbo road that leads to Gettysburg is scanned with anxious oyes, nnd soon, away in the distance, rises a cloud ol dust, which comes nesrer and Dearer, and another mossengor from tbe front is with us. He tolls us that Reynolds is killod or mortally woundod ; that tho First and Eleventh corps sro fighting and the battle is against ns, it is now l o clock, too late for the gooond corps to reach tho field that day to take part in steam ruing tha tidn of rebel victory ; but not so with tbeir commander. Moade orders Hancock to proceed to tho front and take command of til tho troops there assembled. This was ton min- utos past 1 o'clock, and within twenty minutes Hancock, with his staff, was on the road to Gettysburg. He goes like Dosaix at Marengo, to snatch vic tory lrom tbe taws ol delest. (A strange coincidence. Nearly a century nctoro inegrnndiaincroi iron. Hancock, then a soldior of Washington, started from this same little village of Tanoy- town to escort some of the prisoners of liurgoyne to -Y alloy forgo.) The Second corps promptly foliowod Gon. Hancock and required no uriring to koep the men up. Tbe regiments moved forward solidly and rapidly and not a straggler was to bo seen. I never saw men cover thirteen miles so quick ly; but as tbey hurried along a halt was ordered, the ranks opened, and an abulance passed containing tbe dtad body ot tbe heroic (ienoral John r . ICeynolds. 1 ho the corps pushed oa to within a few miles of the battle ground, where it camped that night and arrived on tho field early tho next morning. HANCOCK TO Till FRONT. As General Hancock proceeded to tho front bo rodo part ot tbe way in an ambulance, so that be might ex amine tha maps of tbe oounlry, bis side, Major Mitchell, galloping aboaJ to announce his coming to General Howard, whom be found on Uemotery bill, and to whom ho told bis errand, giving bim to understand that General Hancock was coming up to take com mand. At half past 3 o'clock General Hancock rode up to General Howard, informed bim that be had como to take oommand and aaked him if he wished to see his written orders. Howard answered: "No! no I Hancock, go ahead !" At this momont our defeat seemed lo bo complete. Our troops wero flowing through the streets of tho town in great disorder, closely pursued by the Confederates, the re treat fast becoming a rout, and in a vory few minutes the onomy would be in possession of Comotry hill, tbe key to tbe position ; and the battle of Get tysburg would bars gone into history as t rebol victory. But what a ohange camo over tho scene in tbe next half hour. The presence of Hancock, like that of Sheridan, was magnetic. Order came out of chaos. Tbo flying troops halt, and again faco tho enemy. Tho battalions of Howard's corps that were retreating down tho Baltimore piko, are called back, and with a cheer go into position on tbe crest of Cemetery hill, whore tho division of Nteinwebr had already been stationed. Wads worth's division and battory are sent to hold Culp's bill, and Geary, with tho White Star division, goos on tho double-quick to occupy the liigh ground toward Round Top. Confidence is re stored, tbo enemy chocked, and being deceived by these dispositions, cease their attack. Gonoral Hancock was fully awaro that General Meade bad dotormincd to fight tbe battle on tbe line oi Pipe oreek ; but noting the topographical advantages of the ground around Get tysburg, be determined to advise Gen. Mestlo to tight there, lie knew that this lino, the crest of Cemetery Ridge, lib uulp s bill on the right, J;onnd Top on the left, and Cemetery bill in the centre, could not be bettered. So, when ordor bad taken tbe place ot confusion and our lines onco more In tact, be tent his senior aide, Major Mitchell, back to tell General Meade that in bis judgment Gettysburg waa the place to fight our battle. Major Mitchell lound benoral Meade In tho evening, near Taneytown, and com municated those views, lion. Meade llstoned attentively and on theso rep resentations he fortunately concluded to abandon his idea of fighting on the line of Pipe crock and deliver tho battle at Uettysonrg, anil turning to General Both Williams, bis Adjutant General, be said : "Order up all the troops; we will fight there." Tbe morning of July 2, and tho second day of the hattle, dawned clear and bright, and found Hancock posting the Second corps on Comelry Ridge. As yet no one in that carps, with the exception of the General and his staff, had beard a shot firod. As we approached Get tysburg the day before, tho sounds of "hf. nw.intr f n thn flirertinn nf t i.e. or tbo lorinalmn ol Ihu country, where wholly inaudiblo, Those who came upon the field alter nightfall bad no idea ot the whereabouts of tbe enemy ; but as the daylight increased and objects bocame visiblo we saw tbeir lines nearly a mile distant on Seminary Ridge, and away lo our loll rost Little Round Top, and still fnrthor on Round Top. As the day wore on, and not a shot or ahoatilosonnd broke tbe stillness of the morning, it became evidonl that the enemy were not yot ready to renew tho fight Our corps had not into position, and in a wood jnst back of our line the birds caroled and sang loud and long. Uur horses qulotly browsed in the rich grass, and the mon lay In groups peacefully en joying rest aftor the rapid march of the day betore. ma troops mat ar nvod upon the field or changed their position did so leisurely and unmolos ted. Sickles came up and went Into position on our left and Geary took bis division ovor lo Culp's hill. About 10 o'clock picket firing was heard out to ward little Koand i op, continuing at intervals until long after noon, at limes becoming quite sharp. Hut 3 0 dock came and still no indications of the general engagement. A SPLXNDID SPECTACLE. The btyt had partly recovered from their fatigue and were actually begin ning lo enjoy life ; tome ol them In dulged in a auiet gstno of eucboro. while others toasted tbeir hard tack or fried R little bacon at the small fires In the rear ot tbt lines. Shortly after 3 o clock a movement was apparent on our left. From where wt (Caldwell's division) lay, tbt whole country in our front, and far to our loll, away to tbo poach orchard and to Little Round Top, waa in full view. Oor division stood in brigade columns, and when it be came tvidont that something was going to take place the boys dropped REPUBLICAN. tboir curds regardless ol what was trump ovon tbe men who held both bowers and the aoo and nil gathered on tbe meat favorahlo position to wit ness the oponing of tho ball. Soon tho long lines of the Third corps sro seen advancing, and how splendidly thoy march. It looks like a dress parade, a review. On, on, thoy go, out toward tho poach orchard, but not a shot is fired. A little while longer and soino one culls out, "Tbore !" and points to whero a puff of amoko is seen arising against tbe dark eroon of the woods. Another and anothor clould until tbe whole face of the forost is envelonod and the dread sound of the artillery oomcs loud and quick ; shells are seen bursting in all directions alone tbe lines. The bright colors ol tho regiments are conspicuous marks, and tho sholls burst amnnd tbera in Rrewt numbara. The musketry begins, the infantry be come engaged, and the battle extends along tbo whole front of Sickles' corps. now tbesounos came from Liittieitound Top, and tho sorako rises among tho trees and all tho high and wooded ground to tho left of tho peach orchard seems to be tbo sceno of strife. An hour passes and our troops give way, nnd aro falling back ; but slowly, very slowly, evory inch of ground is fought tor. 1 bo third corps Is not In tho habit ot giving it up, and tboy hold their own well, butthoodds are against tbcm and they are forced to retire. Now bolp is called for, and Hancock tells Caldwell to bave bis division ready. "Fall In I" and the men run to tholr places. "Take arms ! and tbe lour brigades of Zook, Cross, Biook and Kelley are ready for the fray. There is yot a few minutes to spare oeioro starling ana me tune is occupi ed in ono of tho most imprcssivo religi ous ceremonies I have over witnessed. The Irish Brigade, which bad been commanded formerly by Gen. Thomas rrancis Meagher, and whose green flag bud been unfurled in evory battle in which tbo army of the Potomac had boen engagod, from the first Bull Run to Appomattox, and was now com manded by Colonel Patrick Kolly, of highly eighth New iork,tormod apart of this division. Tbo brigade stood in column of regiments, closed in mass. As tbe large majority ot its members wore Catholics tbe chaplain of tbe bri- gado, Rev. William Corly, proposed to give a general absolution to all the men before going Into tho fight. While this is customary in the armies of Catholic countries of Europe, it was perhaps the first time it was ever wit nessed on this continent, unless, indeed, tho grim old warrior, Ponce de Leon, aa he tramped through the ovcri'lados of Florida in tbe search of the Fount ain of Youth, or De Soto on his march to tbo Mississippi, indulged in this act of devotion. Falhor Corloy stood upon a largo rock in front ot tbe brigade ; addressing tbe men, he explained what he was about to do, saying that each one could receive tbe benefit of the absolution by making a sincere act of oontntion and nrmly resolving to cm brace the first opportunity of oonfton ing thoir sins, urging them to do tboir duly woll, and reminding them of the hlL'h and sacred nature of their trust as soldiers and the noblo object for which thoy fought, ending by saying that tho Catholio Church refuses Christian burial to the soldior who turns his back upon the foe or desorts bis flag. The brigade was standing at "Ordor arms." As be closed his address every man full on his knees, with bead bowed down. Then stretching his right band toward tho brigade Father Corley pro nounced tbe words of the absolution : "Dominus nostor Jesus Christus vos absolvat, et ego, auctoritalo ipsius, vos absolvo ab cmni vinculo excommuni cationis, et intordicti in quantum pos sum et vos indigetis, deinde ego absolvo vos a peccatis voalris in nomine Putris, et Filio et Spirilus Saucto, Amen." The scene was more than impressive, it was awe-inspiring. Near by stood Hancock, surrounded by a brilliant throng ofoffloers, who bad gathered to witness this very unusual occurrence, and while there was profound silence in the ranks of the Socond corps, yet ovor to tho left, out by tbe peach or chard and Little Round Top, where Weed and Vincent and Haslett wero dying, the roar of tba battle rose and swelled and reechoed through the woods, making music moro sublime than ever sounded through cathedral aislo. Thn act seemed to be in har mony with all the surroundings. I do not think there was a man iu the bri gade who did not offer up a heartfelt prayer, r or some it was moir mat ; thoy knelt there in thoir grave clothes in less than half an hour many of them wore numbered with the dead of July 2. Who can doubt that their prayors wore good f What was wsnt ing in the eloquence ot the priest to move them to repelance was supplied in the incidents of the fight. That heart would bo incorrieiblc, Indoed, that tho scream of a Whitwortb bolt, added to Father Corly's touching appeal, would not move to contrition. Till WORK OF BLAUQHTIR. The mans published by the Govern ment make tbe line of Caldwell's di- . , i. . I r , -1 . i . hink this iB a mistake. 1 bolievo it was nearly five before wo started. The division moved off by the left flank and marched rapidly. Wt bad hardly got under way when the tnetny'i bat lories opened and shells began falling all around us. The ground on which thlsedivision faced the enemy the after noon of Ibe 2d had already boen fought ovor again and again, and the aeids and woods were strewn with killed and wounded. Anderson and MoLaws bad driven our troops from the poach orchard, and tbe line on which Sickles had placed tbe Tbird corps had been in a great part abandoned. Ai wo arrived on the rising ground to the Iclt of tho peach orchard, tba brigade of De Trobriand had been pushed back out of tbe woods and across the wheat fluid, aftor a most gallant fight. As our division advanoed many of tbt shattered regiments or tbe 1 bird corps passed to the rear through the inter vals in our line. They retired in good ordor, with colors flying. To the left of the wheat field Cross doployed bit brigade, Kelly passed to tha right and Brook to tha left. Tho brigades were still in column of regiments when tboy appoarod In front ot tbo enemy, and tbe columns deployed on the aonoie quick and forming line advanced to find the Confederates. Wt bad not far to look. At wt approaohed the crest of tbt rugged bill, from bobind tbe bugt bouldert thai wart every where scattered around tbe men of Longstroot's corps rose up and poured Into our ranks a moat destructive Are. The tudden meeting astonished as, tbe linoa being not moro than thirty feet apart when the Bring opened. 1 can not imagine why the robt allowed na to get so near belort tiring, unless tbey thought w would give way under the weiKbl and impulse ol tbt attack If this was tbeir idea they were badly mistaken. Onr mon promptly retnru- ed the firo, and for ten or fifteen min utes the work of death went on. Tbore was no cheering, no time lost in un necessary movements. Kvory man there, both Union and rebol, were vet erans, and knew just what wat wanted. They stood there face to faoe, loading and firing, and tooloso that every shot told. In a short time the brigades of Cross and Brook began forcing tho enemy back, and after firing for ubont ten minutos Colonel Kelly gsve llm order to charge. Tho men, rushing forward with a cheer, were among the Johnnies in a lew moinonts. A SUCCESSFUL RUSE. Here took place a rather extra ordinary scene. In an instantour mon and their opponents wore mingled to gether. In charging we bad literally ran right In among them, firing in stantly ceased ud we found ihoro were as many ot the enemy as there were of ourselves. Officers and men looked for a lime utterly bowildored ; all tbo fighting had slopped, yet the Groybacks still retained thoir arms and showod no disposition to surrendor. At this moment a Union omcer called out in a loud voice : "Tbe Confederate troops will lay down tbeir arms and go to the rear I" This ended ascene that was becoming ombarrasBing. iho Confederates promptly obeyed, and a large number ot what I think were some of Kershaw's brigade became our prisoners. In front of Kol ly 's brigado we lound that the enomy had suffered much more loan we bad. Whon engaged our lino was below theirs, as thoy stood on the crest of tbe bill. Thoy fired down while our mon fired upward, and our firo was more effective. On tbeir line wo found many dead, but fow wounded they wore nearly an bit in tne bead or upper part of the body. Behind ono rock 1 counted live dead bodios. This was some of the most severe fighting our division bad ever done, and so close that tbe officers used their revolvers. During tho fight my regi ment held tho cxtremo right of tho division, and from wbero we stood I could see the peach orchard, and none of our troops wore between that point and us a distance of moro than a quarter of a milo. As wa wero engaged a column of troops passod through this interval, going into our rear, sna formed a line of battle facing tbe wheat field. The hour that this column moved in hero is put down on the Gov ernment maps as 7 o'clock. I think this it Incorrect ; it could not nave boen so lute. And now we find that whilo our division had been, in a man ner, victorious in chucking tbe impetu ous attack at this point, and had taken many prisoners, wo are ourselves in vory serious trouble a line of battle in our rear and anotbor in oor front, both moving to attack us at once. As wo got roady to repol the attack in front, Wofford's Goorgia troopB Btriko us in tho rear. The brigades of Cross and Brook are more fortunate just now than those ot Zook and Kelly. Tbe Confederate lines in our roar did not extend far enough to cover tbo two first, bat Kelly and Zook were com pletely surrounded, and the only wsy out of the trap was to pass down be tween tbe two rebel lines, so the two brigades started on a double-quick firing as they ran toward Little Round Top, tho only opening through which we could escape. TIIROUOn AST ALLEY OT DEATH. Passing through this alley of death, where tho bullets came thick as hail, we not away with a largo part of the division, but tbe lost was terrible. In the ball hour that wt woro undor tire fourteen hundred mon were lost. Of tbe four brigado commanders, two were killed General 8. II. Zook and Colonel E. E. Cross. Cross fell almost at tbe first fire and Zook a few minutes afterward. On the morning of that day, General Hancock said to Colonel Cross : " 1 uis it tne last tune yuu win fight as a Colonel ; to day will make you a Brigadier Weneral. t rosi an- uwered nrmly and aadiy, as though ne felt sure ol what bo said : "No ; it is loo late, General, I will never wear tbe star. To-day I shall bo killed." Just after Zook fell, Colonel. Richard P. Roberts, wbo sucoeeded to tbe com mand of the brigade, was shot through the heart. He wasa gallant and much beloved officer, and he loft a sick bed whon ho beard ot Lee moving into Pennsylvania, and weak and emaciated, be found bis regiment only two dsys before he was killod. Some of tbe men who loll in tho wheat field during the retreat nf tbisdivision, and wero forced to lie there botwoon the two fires, fared badly. One man of my regiment fell shot through the log, and wbilt he lay tbert was hit live or six times, n uen it became evident that we had to fall back, our woundod, with visions of Andorsonville and Libby before them, begged piteously to bo taken along many of them keeping with ns, wholly unaided. Sergeant Thomas Grey was shot through the stomach and, with entrails protruding, managed to drag himsell along and succeeded in escap ing with us. It wat now gelling law ; me sun wheat field was to bave more victims. Aa Caldwell retired, Aycrt camo up and wenlin with his Regulars another effort to gain the wooded crest that extended lrom Liltlt Round Top to ward tbe peach orchard. As he ad vanced bo must had struck the flank of the Confederates that had but short time before ponrcd destruction into the roar of Caldwell's division. Avert doubled them up, driving everything before bim to tomtwbert near tbe point from whence we bad just been driven. Then MoCandless took up the fight and, with tht Pennsylvania Re serves, sucooodod in gaining and hold ing some of the lost ground. Tho fight ing at tliis point, during the tvening of July 2d, waa of most sanguinary character, each tide fighting with droadlul earnestness. Four or five of our best divisions had charged ovot tho tame spot and were met evory time by the choice troopsVif tht enemy both determined lo bald tbt rldgt in front ot the wheat field. Gen. 11 u lord says of the first day's fight : "There seems to be no directing hesd." This might be appliod to the fighting ot ike left on tbe socond day. If tbera waa any directing head it was not especially visible. Until toward dark tbt ngbt had certainly gone against us, and the battle had extended along tbe line, to the right, almost half way to the cemetery. The evening and ourjiros pecti grew dark together. Tbt Third oorpt nad been driven back, broken and ibattered, its commandarwoundod and carried from tht Hold, tbt troops that had gooe to it support tared no belter, and every man felt that tha situation waa grave. 1 HANCOCK TO THI BESCVI. However, all wm not yet lost. Meade bad again thought ot Hancock, and at yesterday be tent him to atop the rent of tbe First and Eleventh corpt, so to-day he onion, him to assume com mand on the left. Once more be is in the fight. A half hour of daylight yet remains, but It is long enough to onable him to rally somo ot our scat tered troops fact them once mor e to the front, gather reinforcements, drive back tho enemy, and rostoronur broken lines. At Wutorloo, Wellington pe titioned to God for "night or llliicht r." At Gettysburg, on this evening, we hud no lilucber to pray for. Our whole force was up; but, while omitting the last part ot tbo -boglishnjan s pruyor, wo had every reason to adopt the first portion. As the fight was closing upon tho lei l el our army, r.well was striking a torrilio and successful blow on tbe right. We reformed our divis ion on the Taneytown road, and after tbo rough handling we bad recoived had aome difficulty in getting things in Boapt. aa in wam ibo. mmkimi. away to the right and rear we heard tho yells ot tbo Louisiana ligors as they rushed ovor our works at Culp's hill. This was the most anxious hour of all in the great battle. We bad boen driven on the left and on the right the robs had effected a lodgment in our works, ono our strongest posi tions, and wero, in fact, in our roar, without any adequato force to opposo thorn. Anotbor hour of daylight, and unless some miracle had intervened we would bave most likely have loft Gettysburg without wailing to bid tho inhabitants good evening. But fortu nately for us there was no Joshua around Leo's headquarters, so tbe sun went down ou almanac time, utterly regardless of tho little troubles that wo were trying to settle. Darkness fell upon the sceno and prevonted the Johnnies from taking further advan tage ot their success, giving usa chance to repair our disasters. Fow of us slept during this night. Our division wont back and was put in position on Cemetery nidge by Gen eral Hancock, who all the night long labored to strengthen this line. Tho men gathered rocks and fence rails and used them to orsct a light breast work. Had tbo necessary tools been disliibuted to the troops wo could have entrenched this lino and mado it formidable, but we could not find a pick or a shovel, and the works that wo did attompt were very light, scarcly sufficient to stop a musket bull. Dur ing the whole night mounted officers f;alloped to and fro, and troops wore lurried to important points. At the first fuint gray of the morning of July 3d, the fight resumed on Culp's bill, where darkness had interrupted it ino t . i a i .1 :l I Incessant We know that Hlocum was trying lo drive the Johnnies out of our works, which tbey bad slept in and occupied without invitation tho night betore. Uulp s hill was anout a mue Irom where we lay, and we could hear the cheers ot Geary's men, which came lo us on the morning air, min gled with some rebel bullets, which baa missed me mark lor wnicn tney were intendod and, almost spent, Trent singing over our beads. As tho day advanced sounds ot the artillery min gled with the musketry, and we know that a bard fight was in progress. The mon of our line almost beld tbeir breath with anxiety. About 9 o'clock tbe firing suddenly ceased. A tre mendous cheer went up, and a minute later evory man in the army know that we were again in possession of Culp's bill. Tbou came a tew hours ot peace, a perfuct calm. From Cemo tery bill to Round Top not a move ment had been observed or a shot Hied all the morning. ON SEMINARY BIDOB. A boat noon wt oould tee consider able activity along Seminary Ridge. Battery after battory appeared along tbo edge of the woods. Guns were unlimbered, placed in position and the horses taken to tho rear. On our side, officers sat around in groups and, through field glasses, anxiously watch ed these movements in our front and wondered what it all meant. Shortly after 1 o'clock, however, wo knew all about It. The headquarter wagons had just come up and General Gibbons had invited Hancock ana turn to par take ot some lunch. Tho bread that was handed around if it evory was oaten was consumed without batter, , for ns the ordorly was passing the lat ter article to the gontlemen, a shell from Seminary Ridge out him in two. Instantly tho air was filled with burst ing sholls; the batteries that we had been watching for the Inst two hours going Into position in our front did not optn singly or spasmodically, i no whole hundred and twonty guns, which now began to play upon us, scorned to be discharged simultane ously, as though by electricity. And then for noarly two hours the storm of dostb went on. I have road many aocoonta of this artillery duel, but tbe most graphic description by the most ablo writers falls far short of tho reality. No lohL-uo or pen can find language strong enough to convoy any idoa of iu awrulnees. Btreams oi screaming projectiles poured through tht hot air, tellinrr and hnroliner Mrrwl.ei ,.M?f' and borse were torn limb from limb; caissons explodod one aftor anothor in rapid succession, blowing the gnnncrt to piece. No spot within our lines waa free from this frightful iron rain. The infantry hugged close to the earth and sought every slight shellor that our light earthworks afforded. 1 1 was literally a storm of shot and shell that tho oldest soldier there those wbo had taken part in almost every battle of tht war bad not yet witnessed. That awful, rushing sonnd of the flying missiles, which causes the firmest hearts to quail, is everywhere. At this tumultuous moment we wit ness a deed of heroism such as we are ant to attribute only to tht night ot olden time. Hancock, mounted and accompanied by hisstaff, Msj. Mitchell, Captain Harry Jlingham, tapt. Isaac Parkor and Capt. E. I'. Branson, with tbe oorpt flag flying In the hands of thrive Irishman, Private Jsmot Wells, of the Sixth Now York Cavalry .started at the right of his line, where it joins the Tanoylown road, and sowly road along the terriblo crest to theextrome left of his position, while shot snd shell roared and crashed around him. and every moment tore great gaps in the ranks at bit tidt. "Stormed at with abet aad atoll, Baldly tkey rede, aad well." , , It wat a gallant deed and withal not a reckless exposure of life, for the presence and calm demeanor of the commandor as ha passed through the lines of bis moo set them an example which an hour later bore good fruit and nerved their stoat htaria to win the greatest and moot decisive battle ever tongbt on this continent, for an hour after the firing began our batter iet replied vigorously and then coated altogether, but tbe rebel shells osrae a numerous at ever. Then, for over a half hour, not a toil wat ttto s tiring on onr line we might btve been an niirni oeioro, anu irora vuun until iouk - . --- - - , j;,i afterdaylight the tiring w.s heavy and " lrd d". In.ant.b W. knew YW Hlocnm was!ir his great service on that field. army of doad men for all the evidtoct of lite visible. Suddouly tbo enemy Btoppod tboirfiro, which bad been going on.foi jneurly two hours without intermission, and then tbt long lint ot their infantry eighteen thousand strong emerged from tbt woodo and began their advance. At this momont silonce reigned along our whole lino. With arms at a "nght-sbouldor shilt," tbe divisions of Longstreot't corps moved forward with a precision that was wondorfully beautiful. It it now our turn and tbe linos that a fow moments before seemed so still now teemed with animation. Eighty of our guns open tboir brazen months ; solid shot and shells are aunt on their errand ol duHlrueliou in quick succession. We see them lull in count less numbers among the advancing troM. The accuracy of our firo could not be exoelled ; the missiles strike right in tbe ranks, Waring and rending thorn in every direction. The ground over which tbey pass is strewn with dead and wounded. But on they come. Tho gaps in tbo ranks are closed as soon as made, inoy nave vuree quarters of a mile to march, exposed lo our lire, and half the disianco It in in ly passed, tlnr gunners now load with cninsicr and thet ll. ciiHup'ttlling; hulKtilltht V march un. Their gallantry is oust all nruiso it is sublime. Now they aro within a hundred yards. Our intautry rise up and pour round aftor round into these heroio troops. Till GALLANT MEN OP THE SOl'TO. At Waterloo the Old Guard recoiled beforo a less severe fire. But there was no recoil in those men of the South' they marched right on aa tVmnrh thflir onnWvl death. Thca con- centrals in if rest numbers and strike on tbo most advanced part ol our lint. The craih of. the muskotry and the cheers ol tho mon blend together. The Philadelphia brigade occupioa thia point. Tbey aro fighting on their own ground and fur their own Slate, and in tho bloody band to hand engage ment which ensues, the Confederates, though lighting with dosporato valor, tind it impossible to dislodge thorn they aro rooted to the ground. Seeing bow utterly hopeless further effort would be and knowing the impossibil ity of reaching tbeir iincs should they attempt to retreat, largo numbers ol the rebels lay down thoir arms and the battlo Is won. To the lea of the Phil dolpbiu brigado wo did not get to such closo quarters. Seeing the utter an nihilation ot Pickett's troops, tbe di vision of Wilcox and others on their right went to pieces almost before they got in musket range. A few bore and there ran away and i.ieu vo regum thoir linos, but many laid down there nrma and came iu as prisoners. At tho most critical moment Hancock fell, among his men, on the line of Stannard's Vermont biigado, desper ately wounded, but ho continued to direct tho tight until victory wos se cured' and then he sent Msj. Mitchell to announce the glad tidings to tbo commander of tbe army. Said he: "Tell General Meade that tho troops under my command havo repulsed the assault ol the enemy, who are now flying in all directions in my front." "Say to Gonoral Hancock," said Meade, in reply, "I rogreat exceedingly that be is wounded, and that I tbank him for the country and myself for the services he he has rendered to day." Truly, llio country may Ibantt uenerai Five thousand prisoners wero sent to tho roar, and wegathorcd up thirty three regimental standards in front ol the Socond corps. The remaining hours ot daylight during this day were oc cupied in caring for the wounded, ... .. 4 I , I -1l.:n nTaK looking over tne neiu aim uiiiig . the incidents ol the fight. Many noble oflloars and man were lost on both sides, and in camp hospitals tbey died in hundreds during the afternoon and night. The rebel General ArmiBtead rliud in this way. As he was being carried to tho rear bo was met by Captain Harry Bingham, of Hancock's stall', who, getting off his borse, asked him It hO COU1Q UO anviuillg iur mm. Armistoad requested him to take bis watch and ipnrt to General Hancock that tbey might be tent to hit rela tives. Uis wishot were complied with, General Hancock sending them to his friends the first opportunity. Armi stead was a brave soldior, with a most chivalnc presence, and camo forward in front ol bis brigado, waiving his sword. He was shot through the body and fell insido our lines, borne of tbe wounded rebels showed considerable animosity toward our mon. One of thorn, who lay mortally wounded in fmnt of the Sixty-ninth Pennsylvania, sullenly refused to be taken to the hospital, saying tnai ne wau w u right there on the field where lie fell. Tbe scene after Longstroet'i charge arnji in dencribable. In front of tbe Philadelphia brigade the dead lay in great heaps. Dismounted guns, ruins of explodod caissons, aoau aim muu lated mon and horses were piled up together in every direction. SCENES ON TUB BATTLE-FIELD. The Colonel ol one of Pickett'e regi ments lay doad, his arms clasping tho body of his brother, who was Msjor of his regiment. Tbey woro singularly handsome mon, and greatly resembled each other. Out on the fiold whore Longstreot oorpsbad passed thousands of woundod were lying. W had no means of reaching those poor tellowa, and many of them lay there between the lines until tho morning of the 5th. On the 4 th we lay quietly all day awaiting Iho next event- Tbe enemy could bo seen moving around on Seminary Ridge. Welcome eupplie came up and were issued. All hands felt cheerful, but a degree of unoer tainty as to whether the baitle was ovor or whether tho reb were getting ' rcatly for some new movement pre vented us from celebrating the national nMtaM.y la, e peopet manner. Onoa in awhile tho sharpshooters would try their skill on some of onr people to let us know thoy were still there. Tb stench from the dead became intolera ble, and we tried to escape it by digging up tbt ground and burying our laces in the troth earth. On tht morning ot tht Ath, we lound that the enemy had gone, and then what a ecsne I 1 think tbe fact waa first discovered by the troops on Culp's hill, and oh, what a cheer went op I a cheer that swelled into a roar and waa taken np by the bovs on Cemelory bill, rolled along tba crest to Ronnd Top and back again. Cheers for the Philadelphia brigade -that stood a living wall, against which tho hosts beat in vain. Cheers for Meade, the soldier "without fear or re proach," who here began, with a great victory, bit illustrious career as com mander of tbe Army of the Potomac. Cheers lor Hancock, who bad stemmed the tide of defeat on tbt first day and solecled the ground on which thit glorious victory wat achieved, wno on the second day bad again stopped the lidt ot rebel victory and restored oir shattered lines, and on tbe third day had met and repnlsed the final assault, on wbicb Lreet all wat ttaatea, ana won the battle that was really the death blow to tbe rebellion. And then wt gathered op wltb tender cart and consigned to earth oor noble doad. What will their glory fade f ' Indeed, tbey have not died It) Tain. The good tbey have accomplished will live lorever. History will record In glowing Words their heroic deedt and glorioa death. Long alter the granite of tbeir mon uments hare crumbled Into dust j tvtn when tht Daraeoi the buUttballalv been forgotten, (he Union tod the blessings of civil liberty, which tbey died to perpetuate, tball rtlgo through out tht land.