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'CLEARFIELD REPUBLICAN," CLEARFIKLD, PA. UKTAHLISHBD III !. Ilia lai-ftta! C'lrculatk af uy Neweiacr In Nurth CeutreJ Penueylaiil. Terms of Sabsoription. If paid In MnM, 01 wllbio I Baontrn....a M If paid iftu I and before noathf 9 SO If paid after the eiplretloa of month.,.. 3 IM Rates ot Advertising, Tramlent advertisement!, per iquaroof 10 line, or Ion, I time, orlo.. tl at Yut oach .ubiequent inMrtloB AO Ailintnlitmlor.'and Hieentor.'notleea- S (t Auditor! notice. H I at Ceutiune and Katrayl I fro Piliulutlon notieee H S 00 Proroiiinnel Cardi, a llnea or laaf,l year...- I 00 hooal notloei, per lino to TKARI.T AUVKRTIBBMKfiTH. I itfuara 18 00 aolamn it 00 1 iquaroa.. 15 00 I nolumn.... 70 00 .1 .quire... It 00 I column.. 110 00 O. B. GOOULANDKrl, Publisher. J J W. SMITH, ATTORNEY -A T-L AW, 11:1:71 f'ltarfleld, Pa. r J. US OLE, ATTORNEY - AT - LAW, 1:11 Phlllpabara;, Outre Co., Pa. j:pd IOLANDD.SWOOfK, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Curwaniville, Clearfield county, Fa. oel. , 71-tf. QSCAit MITCHELL, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIKLD, PA ir-er-Oflloe In Ibo Opera Houee. oetU, '7a.tr. i I!. & W. BAKKKTT, Attohniys and Counselors at Law, CLEARFIKLD, PA. January 30, 1S78. JSRAEL TEST, ATTORNEY AT I, A W , Clearfield, Pa. ST Office ia the Court Hoaae. Jyll,'f7 yM. M. McCULLOUllH, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, PA. ORijo in nlaiionlo building, Second itreet, op polite the Court llouae. JeJS,'7S tf. C. AliNOLP, LAW 4 COLLECTION O V KICK, Vl'RWKNHVILLE. tin Clearfield Count.!. Pcnn'a. 7 by s. 1 T. ItliOCKHANK, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIKLD, PA. Uffleo in Opera Houie. ap J&.TT-ly gMlTII V. WILSON, 1ltornfy-at-lAiu, CLEARFIKLD, - - PKNN'A. Jray-Ofllce In tba laronle Building, over the County National liana, merle. 80. yiLLIAM A. UAGEKTY, .iiTOHJ'i.r.jr-i.iH', CLEARFIKLD, PENN'A ,--Will attend to all legal hu.lne.e with promptneee end fidelity. a febl 1,'eO-tf, WU.LUB A. WALLAia. DA TID L. Hill. babnv t. wallicb. Jona w. waiaLar. TALLACE & KRKBH, IT (SuweMon to Wallace A Fielding,) A T T O K S K Y S - A T - L A W , Jaal'TT Lieartleld, Pa. K. .SNYHEft, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIKLD, PA. office in I'ia'e Opera Uouea. Juno 26, 7Stf. g L. Mod EE, DuBois, Clearfield County, Fenn'a. Sr-Will attend promptly to all ljral baiineai entrnitod to hla oaro. IjitaSI, '80. THUS, M. MUBBir. cmm ar.oi. jyjURRAV k GORDON, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, PA. eTOfllee la Pie'a Opera liouao, eeoond floor. :)u'74 loaara a. a bnallt. oaaiat w. mcvbov. M cEN ALLY & McCURDY ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW, ciearneid. Pa. tffaT" Legal bnilnen attended to promptly with) fidelity. OBlea oa Second atreet, above tbe Firm National Bank. Jan:l:70 A U. KRAMER, A T T O R N E Y - A T - L A W , Real Kvtal aad Collection Ant, II.EAKFIKI.I), PA., Will promptly attend b all legal builneaa aa traited to bia oare. aT-OSoa In Ple'i Opera Home. janl'70. J P. MoKENRICK, DISTRICT ATTlaKNEY, CLEARFIKLD, PA. All letral buaineai entruited to blf eara will ra aelre prorapt atteatloa. . aT-Ofllffe In the Court Ilouaa. .o,14,l;illy. JOUS L. CUTTLE, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Inrl Ral Ratata Areut. f:iarHpld. Pa. Otlea oa Tblrd itreet, bet. Cherry A Wei not, eFReepeetfully offera hla errieea In aelllng and buylag laada la Olaarfleld and adjoining eauatiea ; and with an axperleneaof orer twenty eara aa a arveyer, flatten kiaaelf that be eaa reader aallifaaUoa. IFeb. IS:A:tf, yiipicians' Cards. E. M. SCUEURER, IIOMcEOPATIIIO PHYSICIAN, OtBea la reldcBee oa Firet el. ' April 14, 1171. Crearueld, Pa. T-VR. W. A. MEANS, . PHYSICIAN i. SV R(i RON, lalllllital nitv Hi Will tUoit.il proftiiloDavl obIU pruupLl;. uj10'T0 1R. T. J. BOTER, unio on meraei oireei, .iearneiq r. ar-Ofnoe houn i I to 1 1 a. at., and I to I p. to. jJR. J. KAY WltlliLKY, UOMIKPATIII0 PIIV8ICIAN, atnr-Offioe adjointflg the reeldenea ef Jamaa ttngley, K.e,., oa KecoaJ St., Clenrleld, Pa. julyal,'7 tf. I) R. II. B. YAN VAI.ZAH, ( LloAIIPIEl.ll, PKNN'A. . OFFICE IN TrtKMTtENCK, CORNER OF FIRST . AND PINE STREETS. pr OflM koara-Frora 11 to 1 P. H. '', May 11, 187a. D R. i. V. BURCUKIELD, laMe Dargoaa a( Ike lad Reglaieal, Paaaayleaala Volaateere, kavlag retaraad fraat Ike Array, afera kit prereealeaal lerfteee aalhealUaaaa af Clearteldeoaaly. aaTPrereealeaal ealll pramplly aneadafl la. ee aa Seeead iHeet, fermerlyaeeaaled ky . Waada. apra,'M-U JOB PRINTING OF EVERT DESCRIP tioa Beatly aaaeated at tkla eflra. CLEARFIELD GEO. B. G00DLANDER, Editor VOL. 51-WHOLE NO. Cards. JHHTICIiH' da CONSTABLES' FEES We bare printed a large Bomber of the new FEE BILL, aad will an the receipt af twenty, flee aenta. uiall a couv ta any addree. BiyM WILLIAM M. HENRY, Juhtici or Tm ?iacb ABDHcniTriiim LUMBKK CITY. Oolltxitiooi md tvnd mtnty promptlj pftld ortr. Artiolci of Krccmtnt ind dfii ot tun rjr aiico BMily tieautl ni wwrtnttd tor root or obavrg. i'iij'Tt JOHN D.THOMPSON, Joiiieo of tbi Pwc and fieri t oner, Curweiaivllle, Pa. .CoUeetloni mtdo and money promptlj pldoor. fbXX'Tltf nENKY BItETII, (oiriib f. o.) JUSTICE OF THE PEACE roa brll Towaanip. Uy , Is78.y" TAMES MITCUELL, Square Timber k Timber Lands, jell'7S CLEARFIKLD, PA. REUBEN HACKMAN, House and Sign Painter and Paper Hanger, Cleartteld, Peuli'a. fc-t)W'ill execute Job. la bll line promptly and In a workmanlike manner. arr4,67 JOHN A. STABLER, BAKER, Market St., Clearflcld, Pa. Feb Bread, Ruek, Holli, Piet and Cakei on baud or made to order. A general aiiortruent of Confectionariee, Fruit and Nuta in itook. Ice Crcem and Oyrtore m aealon. Saloon nearly oppoilta the PoilolBea. Price, moderate. WEAVER L BETTS, IIKALEBI IN Real Estate, Square Timber, Saw Logs, AND Ll ilUERBF ALL KINDS. frOfflce on Second itreet, in rear of Itore room of Ueorge Wearer 4 Co. I janO, '78-tf. RICHARD HUGHES, Jt'BTICE OF THE I'EACK roa Itfcnlur Toirii7if, Oiccola Mill. P. O. All official bu.ineee antraited to him will be promptly attended to. mcblu, '70. rjARRY SSYBER, 11 1IAKRKR AND HAIRDRESSER, Shop on Market St., oppoilta Court Houie. A clean towel for every euitemor. Alio dealer in licit llrandn i f Toliarro and l'lt;ara. Olcerllald. Pe. aiar 10. JAMES H. TURNER, Jl STICK OP THE PEACE, alUretou, Pb. XHo has nropired bitnielf with all the Qoooaitry bUnk forwi uodar tbt Pvniiua and Buuntj m well blank Utcdi, etc. Atl legal matten entrusted to hi eare will receive prompt atientiun. may 7 to, .wr-u. NOHKW HARWICH, Market HI reel, Clcardeltl, Pb.( MAX! riCTCHKR AMD BIA LRU IN Harness. Bridles, Saddles, Collars, and Horse-Furnishing Goods. fT All klsdf or rDjiairlng promptly attendvd . Hkvldlen' Hardware. Ho rue llruthoi, Cnrrj Com hi, ate., atwnje on hand and for talt at the loweet caih price. inarcn iv, low. G. H. HALL, PRACTICAL PUMP MAKER, NEAR CLEARFIKLD, PBNN'A. Pampa alwayi on hand and made to order en thort notlot. Pipea bored on reasonable term. All work warranted to render tatiaf action, and dH re red If deitred. ujlbA jpd lAvery Kfuble. ppilR nderilgnod begi leare to imora thtpnb- X IK IB" Ba ia bow i wit preparw to acoomma date all In tbe way of furnish. na; H.iea, Bujr)(ii Saddles and JIarneaa, on the ahorteat notlot an n reasonable terms. Residence oa Locust atroet, between Third and jrovrtn. GEO. W. UKARllART. Ilearaeld, Pb. 4, 1874. WASHINGTON HOUSE, GLEN HOPE, PENN'A, TI1K wider iKned, haTins; leased this cum m odium Ilntcl, In the Tillairw of Olen Hope, is now prepared to aooommodata all who may oall. My table and bar shall b supplied with the best tbe market affords. UKOHHI W. DOTTS, Jr. (lien Hope, Pa.. March H, lK7W-tT. THOM A8 H. FORCEE. dbalbb ib GENKliAI, MKRCUANDI.se, CiRAIIAMTON, Pa. Alao.extenelre tuanuracturer and dealer In Square iiiauer anu Dewoo bumuorot all Binm. T-0rJerl aolloitad and all bille promptly tiled. l"Jyi E. A. BIGLER & CO., DIALRRI IR SQUARE TIMBER, and manufacturers of A I.I, KINIf Ot1 BAWEI) I.UMIIIlIt, 7'71 CLEAHFIKLD, PENN'A. S. I. SNYDER, PRACTICAL WATCHMAKER AID DRALKB IN LWatchoB, Clocks ni Jewelry, Grnkam't Sow, Jlarkti Stmt, CLEARFIELD, PA. All kinds of repairing In my Una promptly at ded to. April ttt 1674. Clearfield Nursery. RNCOUUAGK 110MK INDUSTRY. IIIK underslKBed, bar In c tabllatiad a Nor aery on tbe 'Pike, about half way betweea Clearfield and CurwensTille, is prepared to fr niah all kinds of PKI'IT THKKo. (staadard and dwarf,) KrtrgreeBS, Bhruhhery, (J rape Vines, uooMitorry, lawton BlaokberTy, etrawberry, and Haapberry Vines. Also, HiberiaB Crab Treea, Quince, and early scarlet Rhubarb, Ao. Orders promptly attonded to. Address, J. II. WKIWHT, ap50 9.y CurwaosTille. Pa. MEAT MARKET. F. M. CARDON & BRO., Ob Market fift.tnt door west of Maaalon Huuaa, CLEARFIKLD, PA. Oar arranremaBta are rf the moat com plat eharaetor l"r furntihlBK tba public with Fresh Meals or ail Una i and of the rery bast que ity. We alio deal la all kinds of Ajrrtea.turel lmple- enta, which we keep on ethibillon for the ben efit of the public. Call around when 1b town, aad take a look at thins;, or addreaa ui r. M. CAKUUH II HO, Clearaeld, Pa., July 14, 187i-tf. i'UarttriA Inmiranre tgtnry. JAMKi KRRB. CARROLL L. BIDOI I. Represent the follow I af aad other Irtt -class Co'i Companies. AaeetJ. Liverpool London A aiobt-t,. 8. Dr4,301,ftfl Lyeottlat; oa malnal Aeaah plans...- 4,000,009 I'bo-aii, .f Harlfnrd, Cena I.634.9SS Insnraaiaf Co. of North Amarlra 4.41, OH North BrttUh k Mareaatilo II. B. Br. 1,T,M! PcfttlUh Ceereial U. 0. Ilranch...- "79,144 Walertowa TM.414 TraTelert (Life A Aeeideat) 4,&&,444 OSoe ob Market Bt., mb. Court Iloute. '-aar-flldtPa. .Tone 4, 'T If. & Proprietor. 2,676. A BRIDE'S REFLECTIONS. Taka my cloak aod now Bi my veil, Jenny (How lilly to oorer ono'a face I I uiifht u well be an old woman i But than there's one cum fortit la lace.) Well, what Ana become of those uahsra 1 Oh, Pal bare yon not my bouquet J I'll froeie, standing here In the lobby! Why doeia't the organist play t They've started at lait what a bustle 1 Stop, Pa they're not far enough wait ! One minute more now ! do keep step. Pa f There, droii my trail, Jane ! Is it straight ? (I bc.pe I look it mid and shrinking; The church muat be perfectly full) Good gracious t now don't walk so fast, Pa ! (He don't seem to think that trains pull.) (The chancel at laatl) Hind the step. Pa! (I don't feel embarrassed at ail But, my, what's tba minister saving Oh, 1 know, tbat part 'bout Ht. Panl. I bops my poaition is graceful i How awkwardly Nelly i)ane stood ; "jVo lutrfutly to tW jointH togellmr How yoife ' (aa if any on would ! Oh, dear, now It's my tarn to answer 1 do wiih tbat Pa would atand atill.) "Srrr Aim, Ion, honour ami k$ep Aim I How aweetly ha says It) I wilt. (Where's Pa I there, 1 knew he'd forget it, When the time came to give me away.) " Htffua, tal-t tktt tare cAtn'A AW (well, I can't help it "o6y." Here, Maud, lake my bouquet don't drop It ! J hope Charley's out lost the ring ; JupI like him F no ! goodneaa, bow heavy ! It's really an elegant thing. It's a sbaine to kneel down in whit aatin A od tbe Uuunce, real old laoo but I tuuit ; I hope thnt they've gwt a clean cuiliion. They're urually covered with dust All over Ah, banks ! now don't fuss, Pa ! Juil throw back my veil, Charley, there (Oh, bother ! why couldn't he kiss me Witbuut tumbling up all of my hair !) Your arm, Charley, there gees the organ, ho'd think there wouid be suob a crowd : Ob, I muit look round, I'd fursotisn) See, Charley, who was it tbat bowed f Why, it's Nellie Allaire with her hatband (tibc'i awfully jealoua, I know ; Moat all of Biy thing a are imported, And abt bad a h'une-made trousseau. And there's Annio Wheeler Kate llertuon I didn't etpect bar at all, If she's not in the same old blue satin 8 he wore at the Charity IUU ! Ia that Faony Wade f Edith Peartoa And fctuua and Joe all the girl? I knew that they'd not miss uiy wedding I bops they 'll ail notice my pcarli.) I the carriage there ? give me my cloak, Jane- l-un't get it all over my v eil No! you tske the otbor aunt, Charley, I need all of this for my trail. Sun Vtidriflro AVim l.ttttr. S UFFERA a E AKD I TS I IMITA TIONS. Or.-ilion by Hon. F. E. Eeltzhoover, at the Normal Anniversary, Millorsville, Ponn'a. Tlio kiglicHt hiiinun fame Lax always been accorded to tboo who founded States and to thone who prcBcrvctl and pernetuatod them. The numcs of tliono historic heroes arc handed down from ago to ago in a thousand various forms, from the rudo traditionswhich reuch the savage in his loresl home to tlio monu mental marbles w hich adorn tlio forums and tiiiitals of the most cultured and polished JS'utions. They stand as ex emplars tor the emulation and imita tion ot noble minds in every land, and aro tlio boAt incentives to patriotic sacrifice and endeavor. Tho glory of becoming tno arcuilect oj empires is too remote to temt tho ambition ot men in this gcnoration, but tho honor of aiding to preserve a great Jicpuhlic is within tho reach of ovcry citizen. Thoro aro already many irallunl names on tho dead roll of this decade, which will go down to postorily as tho do fenders and upholders of tho first great frco government which has over ex isted on the globo for a century. Tho gravo responsibility and correspond ing glory of continuing it beyond another cyclo of timo is committed to tho young men of this day. All the governments of tho past, with tho ex ception of a few ephemeral Itcpuhlics, which glittered above tho horizon liko motcors at long intervals and for briof periods, woro eased on tho will of one man subject to no law but that of his displeasure. This Government is founded on tho will of the people, sub ject to a written constitution. It is a great political experiment without a single precedent in tho history of six thousand years to justify tho belief that it must succocd and endure. It is not perfect. It has in it, liko all human products, llioelcmonts of decay almost at powerful as tboso of life. "Govern ment is a growth, not a manufacture." It must go forward or backward. There is no stnnd still. It must grow better or worso. It must go on to wards the greatest freedom und most porlcct administration, or degonorate again to tho prim"' tto of despotism and slavery. I" thin (iovornmont so established as to defy tho laws of politi cal growth and decay? Aro wo out on an open, boundless sea whoro no storm will over overtake us 1 So ono but a demagoguO would sa declare All thoughtlul rod have sadly quos tioned the horoscT0 of our many times during tho '"st fow years, and novor moro so thn now. Turning thcD to this subject, wh&t is tbe great est crying danger of th bour in this Nation? What moro than all other things threatens to overthrow and revolutionize tho Government ? Is it not tho almost insurmountable difficul ty in gotting at tho fair and honest ex pression of tho will of tho people, and when that will is ascertained tho dis honest and criminal disposition to ut terly disregard and ignore it ? This Govornment is based absolutely and solely on tho will of the people, and tho party or tho men who strike at this foundation principle and try to Bubvort and destroy it, are guilty of the deepest, darkest and most inex cusablo treason. It we cannot got meant to fairly determine what is the will of the pooplo of this Nation, and to compel prompt and implicit obedi enco to that will, tho Kcpublio with all its vaunted glories will go down to the oblivion of tho dead Itepuhlictof tho past, as certainly as tho incxorablo decrees of destiny can send it. If wo cannot get a fair vote, a fair count, a fair declaration of the count, and an honost submission to it, wo might as woll fold up tho stars and stripes and bury our National escutcheon and lie supinely on our backs, awaiting pa tiently tho doom of human passion and prcjudico and ignoranco and folly. Ibis question is tho great living irre pressible issue of the hour. It is as useless to meet it with ridiculo and contempt and bombastic patriotism, as 11 wouiu ue 10 try to uam tno ocean or stay tho mighty torrents of Niagara, At tlio bottom ot this great question, and as one of its principal factors lies tho light of aufTrago.on what it should bo based and bow it should be limited. Without any partisan bias, but purely from the aspects in which a student and patriot should view It, we proposo tins as tno subject lor discussion on this occasion. Aristotle described man as a political animal, and what was true in that remote day is more em phatically so In this golden age of po litical warfare In whA 1 shall say on tho theme, bowovor, I challonge all in tho words of tlit good Emperor Trajan, whon be handed a sword to the commandor of a Koman legion, i so 11 ior me wnon i am right, but against me when I am wrong. A Tote is an expression ot preloronco as to men or an opinion as to moasuros. The right to vote is dorived solely trom the Blalo and is tboreiore a purely political right. It Is not a natural or CLEARFIELD, personal right liko the right of pro perty or liborty. It is subjoct to the absolute control of the State and to wbatover limitations tho Legislature thereof mny put upon it, with the single exception that tho fifteenth amendment to the National Constitu tion provides againBt any discrimina tion on account ot race, color, &c. Tbe volo is usually by ballot, but tho ways in which it has bocn expressed have been very nnmerous. Tho word ballot comes from tho Greek word ballcin, to throw, and was originally applied to a littlo ball thrown into a box. In Athens, it was first customary to vote by casting pobbles into the boxos, but afterwards beans white and black ; the white for the affirmative, tbe black for tbe negative. In tho great Court of the Aroopagus, where the decisions were by ballot, they always voted at night, so that no one could see how they votod. Solon dividod tho peoplo at Athens into four classes for tho purpose of Doing votod lor and elocted to ollice. The judgcB could bo named trom all four. Tho magistrates only from tho nrsi tnrce. All candidates lor civil ofllccs bud to present themselves for examination before they could bo ad mitted to their positions. This was an early spocimon of what is now called civil service roform. At lionio voting by tickets was first instituted, and Cicoro, who was a bit ter aristocrat, said a secret ballot, "the silent suffrages of tho pooplo," some times wrought great and potent re forms. In vory curly days, Serving Tullius divided tho pooplo of ltome into ono hundred and ninety-three centuries or hundreds, and these into six classes. Ue ruuked tho rich, tho least mimor ous, in the first centuries: tho mid- dlingclassefl,wbo wcro more numerous, in tho next ; and the indigent multi tude in tho lost; and as each century had but ono vote, it was property rather than numbers that decided tbo oloction. In England, tbe ballot was proposed and roeeived considerable support in tho beginning of tho eighteenth cen tury ; but not uutil 181)0 did it roceivo serious consideration. In that year O'Conncll proposed it in tho llouso of commons and it received twenty-one votes. 31 r. urolo was, lor several years alter, its most conspicuous sup porter, but it had tho approval of macauiey. Louden, and Uroughain. It was not adopted, however, until 1872 under tho leadership of the Gladstone ministry. Tho bitterest fight in all the Parliamentary history ot that country occurred during the reign of William III., on tho question of how much and what kind of property a member of Parliament ought to liavo to be oligihlo. A bill passed the llouso of Commons and tho House of Lords nt ono sossion, and was voted by tho King. At the succeeding session it was passed by tbo Commons, but lost in the House of Lords. Then tbo Commons attempted to tack tho bill on tbe Appropriation bill, and fwlr.,1 only by a small majority alter a vory powertul argument showing that it would be utterly without precedent. In this country all elections aro by ballot except in tho State of Kentucky, whoro thoy voto viva voce. Tho word ballot has become so nearly synony mous with all words expressing safe guards of liborty, that it is supposed to cpitomito them. The poet llullcck Hays : "The ballot fell, ai Habile At laowflake. Tall opoB the iod Buteiecutea a freemaa'a will Af lightning doe. tba will of Ood.' Tho great Junius, in letter All., says: "The right of election is tlio very essence ot the Constitution. To violate that right and, much moro, to transfer it to any other set of men is a step leading immediately to tbe dis solution of tbo Government." This is unquestionably true, fur notwithstand ing gonius and ingoouity and caro with which tho right has been controlled and guarded in all countries, its cor ruption and violation have been the final causes of tho failure of all free Governments. ThiB fact, attostcd by tho oxporlence ot so many conturios, should como to us with persuasive ad monition in our legislation and prao tico on tho subject. The eharaetor of the right and the manner in which it has boon exercised hitherto having boon briefly advorted to, let us next inquire how it has boon and how it should be limited. The substanco ot tho various qualifications which have boon required heretofore may bo statod as follows, viz : I. Tho voter must bo a native or naturalised citizen. II. lie must bo of tho male sex. III. lie must bo of ago. IV. Ho must bo sane. V. Ho must havo a certain amount of real or personal property. VI. Ho must reside fur a certain timo in the place ho proposes to vote. VII. 11 o must pay a eel tain tax or revenue lor tho support of the Gov ernment. Does it not Boom strange whon you consider that a voto ia the expressioo of s preference or opinion, that in all the mutations of time and men and Governments on the subject of BUfTrago, that intelligence should nevor have boon made even one of its qualifica tions? la it any wonder that free Governments have always fuilod whon, in all experiments on tho subject, mon without any more intelligence than boasts or Blocks have been legally au thorized to choose Legislators, Judges and Presidents I How could institu tions ot any kind enduro whoso most sacred and fundamental interests were committed to such custodians? A government ol pooplo who think ; that any otbor theory should ever have at tained must be duo to tho power of demagogues. It is right that a voter should bo a citizen, that ho should be of age, that he should be sane, and that ho should bo resident of tho country he pro poses to help to govern. It may bo right that he should pay taxes. It is not right that bo should be required to be worth a dollar, and the absurdity of tbe requirement has causod it to be dropped almost evorywboro. Tbe anecdote related by Dr. Franklin ill us trntot it bolter than argument. An old market-man, who resided in a New England Stato which bad its property qualification, owned nothing but an ass, which, being of the lawful value, gavo its owner a vote. Tbe ass died the day beforo election, and tbo old man's vole was challenged, whon ho exclaimed, "Well, 1 thought the voto wai mine, but it seems it belongs to the ass, and I must have been only the trustee." But, above all, it la not right tbat any person should vote who has only tboso qualifications which can be pos sessed by an idiot. With all the dovicea and inventions of legislations to so- curo the most rigid observance of purely mochanical qualifications, why should thero not bo adequate means to aid and enforce an intelligent qnaiilleatinn nl the nirht to voter PRINCIPLES,aOT MEN. PA., WEDNfeSDAY, JUNE 16, 1880. Most States have full and exacting rogistry laws. Why not compol the voter to write his name on the registry, the voto, the number, his ago, bis oc cupation, his plaoo ot residence, and if he needs witnesses, li.oir names, Ac? You would thereby havu an almost iulallible proof of identity and a safe guard against fraud, in tho voter's au tograph and handwriting. Xhcn why not compel him to road the ticket bo votes? In these days of books and newspapers, and telegraphs, and tula. phones, and electric light, and almost universal knowledge, why should a man vote who cannot read or write ? How can he exprors an intelligent opinion on the financial and com mercial questions which aro agitating tbe world i How can be koop abreast or even in sight of tbe groat triumphs of genius which art' .-.baking opinions and creeds and everything? W ithout the ability to read and write ho is a mere automaton an instrument in the hands of demagogues; a mystical number to swell the poll, a cipher which is nothing by itself bit counts when put with otbor liguros. Neither minors, nor paupers, ior crimi nals, nor insaiio,nor those who eun't read nor write, should vote. It is the duty of States and Governments to draw a lino hero and enloreo it for their own preservation. It is the next groat primary duty of tho Government to oducato til its poo plo, so tbat thoy may bo ablo to voto. The best men ot the Nation are wak ing up to tho great patriotic nocessitv of educating tlio masses in view of tlio cnecl upon tins suttrago question. At tho mooting of tho trustees of el'cabody education fund, tho most the distinguished body of men on this con tinent, in October lust, liishnp Whip ple, tho Prosident, said, "Wo could readily employ a part of our incomo to tho greatest advantage at this mo ment in a moro direct attempt to pro vide for tho seasonable instruction of those masses of children, and particu larly colored children, who are grow ing up to bovotors without the slight est preparation for an intelligent exor- ciso of tho great fninchiso of freemen. There is nothing in tho immediate con dition and prospects of our country wincii cans moroompnaticaiiy lor con sideration and action than this state of things in bo many of the Southern States. Nor is it by any means a con cern of tbo Southern States only. It is a Nutional nocossity of tho highest exigency that something should bo done without delay to qualilji for its intelligent discharge those on whom the olectivo tranchiso for Letter or worso has been bestowed by one ot tho amendments to tho Constitution of tho United Statos. Our froo institutions rest upon intelligence and virtue, and can survive almost anything except ignorance and tho vice, corruption and violonco, which aro so generally the results oi ignorance. "Socioty, ' says Mill, is "tbo vast un rolling of the web of human life." In this ago its rapidity of development is wor.Hrf,il In the ages .Uit lmu gone, the web unwound so slowly that somotimos it could scarcely bo said to move at all. Ihcro are wbolo epochs which tiio historian has passed ovor and marked them "dark, as tho an cient geographers did with unexplored. nd unknown countries. Hut there is a new spirit stalking forth in the world now. "Thore have been poriods," says Brougham, "whon tho country beard with dismay that the soldior was was abroad. Thoio is another person abroad now, a less important person ; tno schoolmaster is abroad. And l trust more to bim, armed with bis primer, than I do to the soldier in full military array for upholding and ex tending tho liberties of bis country." (.Soo Lacon, 353.) lint why has not the intelligence qualification bocn placed upon suffrage? Mr. Calhoun partially answered the question whon ho says: "It is an ab straction to indulgo tho folly of sup posing that the party in possession of tbo ballot and tbe physical lorco ol tho country can be unsuccessfully resisted by an appeal to reason, truth and justice, or tho obligations imposed by the uonstilution. Tho supremely selfish politicians who control tho destinies of the Nation by keeping the ballot In the hands ol tho ignorant and unthinking masses rro- vont all appeals to reason and justico Irom Having any ollect. Like tho Hibornian in tho story, whon told that he would got justico, justice is not what they want. In their coses Dr. Johnson was not wholly wrong whon ho declared that "patriotism was the last refuge of scoundrels." Tbo highest interests of society ure neglected and subverted by tho demo- gogucs who dare not permit reform i r. . .,.! ior teur it. win tuur ineir unuoiy grip from power. Edmund Ilurke characterized those peoplo whon ho declared that "Among tbo nobler animals whoso blood is hot tbo bite is novor poisonous oxcept when tho creature is mad ; but in the cold blooded reptile race, whose poison is oxaltcd by the chemistry of their icy complexions, thoir venom is tho re sult of their health and of tho perfec tion ol their naluro. Woe to the country in which such snakes, whose primam mobile is their belly, obtain wings ana irom serpents become dra gons, to rise into power. Thoy novor yield anything but to tboir own cold, sordid selfishness. Vt hen the waves ol publio indignation riso and boat against the doors ol the Capitol, thoy make a virtue of necessity, and crying "roform" conoodo only that, tho with holding of which would precipitate revolution and anarchy. Tboir plat form na miserable crawfish conserva tism, which is always prating about "a happy mcdiura,""jiistenoug7i," and "sufficient," Ao. The jailor who bruised tho homlock for Socrates, as he handed tho venerable philosopher and demigod tho poisoned cup, said, "Wo only bruised as much as wo thought suf fioiont." If it bo conceded, however, that suf frage is a question of intelligence, and that this should be its basis and cri terion, tbo inquiry next arisos, is it a question of sox ? Wo answer unhesi tatingly that it is not. If a woman has all the other qualifications she has tho right to voto. Whether she should exercise that right is a question of ex pediency and circumstances which we cannot now discuss. Hut it is a piece of unblushing inconsistency Ior the leaders of k Nation which fought its battles for liborty on the ground tbat taxation without representation is tyranny, to tax all the proporty-bold-ing ladies in tbe land and not allow them to voto whon thoy wish to. Why should a woman not vote ? The argu ments against it are curious specimens ol special pleading and sophistry. Did you ever boar any poison try to ex plain why, when a man dies, Lis wifo only gots a lifo interest in one-third of his property ; but when a woman dies the husband gets a lilo interest in tho REPUBLICAN. whole ofhcr estate? I have only heard one explanation. Ibo distin guished gontleman with whom I read law told mo years ago. llo said it was bocauso tbo men made the luw. Thoy say that a woman should not voto be cause meddling with politics will con taminate and degrade her; that ming ling with tho massos of men, including mo vagauonus and adventurers and tho criminals who infest tho polls, will drag her down from hor high and holy sphcro of homo, &c. llid it nevor occur to tho gravo and conservative advocates of this doctrine that it would porhaps bo hotter to keep all such persons away from the polls whose presonco would bo a men aco and insult to ladies. Must ignor ance and rudeness necessarily bar tbo way to intelligence and culture ? Shall tho latter be kept away from cloetions in order that tho former may rovel in thoiroriginul olomonts of degradation ? Any class of pooplo that would not bo constrained into deooncy and rospect and order by the prosenco of ladies any where would bolter bo kept by the police. Tho iuils and workhouses should confine all such persons at tho publio exponso rather than have tho elections corrupted and tho ballot-box crowded and polutod by their votos. Tho Government would bettor teed them. Let us not bo misunderstood. Whilo thoro aro thousands of voters who should not be allowed at tho polls. tho massos of thorn in this Nation aro pooplo of good hearts and noble im pulses and not liable in any rospect to any imputation. The barbarous civili zation of all Nations in tbo nast have mado womon slavos and consigned hor to a condition ot social servitude and inferiority of rights ; and yot in spite of these groat barriers in her way tliey havo arisen all along tho great high way of history illustrious names of tho gentler sex. Semiramis, Boailiceu, Cnthorino of ltuasia, and a long lino of heroines have illustrated tho annals of their ago in war and scienco and Icttors. The first Napoleon, fulling in with tho nar row spirit of prejudice and tyranny, told Mudamo DeStael that she "med dled to much in politics." She answer ed : "Will your Majosty havo tho kind ness to dclino what you mean by poli tics?" llo was silent. Then slio add ed : "1 will spuro your Majosty the trouble. 1 understood true poli tics to be tho scienco ot determining which aro the institutions most per nicious to tho general happiness, and what aro tho bost means by which they can ho destroyed ; as well as tho art of knowing what aro tho institu tions most fitvorablo to the greatest amount of human injoyment, and how they can host bo introduced, perpetu ated and eocurcd. "If this bo so will any man vonlure to say that women have no interest in such questions ? Have wo not fathers, husbands, brothers, children, and can thoy bo mado happy or unhappy by good or ovil govornment without our hpinrr m.Hr. rvaHlplnntnra in I. ji e frlAf or joy ? It on their account only, per mit us to teol, to think, and to express our feelings and thoughts, and let mo add that no woman dojorros tho honor of being a wifo or mother who doos not understand wherein her husband's or her children's interests aro cn dungorcd or advanced, and who is not prepared to encourago tho one in his political rectitude, and to instill into the infant mind of tbo other, those just principles of virtue and courago by which man can alone fulfill the high doslinios that await his mortal careor." Thoro could not be a moro powerful argument against discrimination on account of sox in tbo mattorof sull'rago than this eloquonl woman's viows on the subjoct ol political dutios and rights. Instoad, therefore, of permit ting the presence of such persons at tho polls as would prevent ladies from coming there, oloctoinB should be so controlled that the refining and ele vating influonco which pervade tho homo, should stand as impassible bar riers against rudeness and lawlessness and nut. Tbo poet, Gii'tho, makes tbo 7'n'ncrM D' hste say in "Torqualo Tasso :" "Troprlale guard, aa wltb a wall Tbe tender, eaeily-woaailed eea. Where mortal! guide they govern l Wh.r. laal.ieaaM prevail, they are Dutblng." "The noblest purposo is tho publio good." Who doubts how tho millions ot femalo ballots in this land would bo cast on all groat questions of Temper ance and iicform and Public Morals. The temporizing and expediency of demagogues and politicians would go down as tho small dust in tho balance boforo tho mighty tide of popular in dignation, which rises from the myriads of troubled homes and desolated fire sides. "Liberty is security against injus tice." Thistrulh tlio friends of popular government must learn, and if they would have the Kcpublio endure they must learn it well. 1 am in favor of throwing open tho mighty race for fame, and plaoo, and power in this land to all classes and sexes, and races, with only one condition of enlranco intelligence. I am willing to make that the basis of governments, and oroods, and all tho dearest and highest interests of life. All other qualifications and critcrions and condilious are acci dents. Thoro is no royal road, no un derground way, no climbing over tbe wall to learning. It comes in only one plain, bard, deraocratio way by toil ing for it. I care nut bow high you mako tho Btandard. 1 am glad that mythology has placed tho temple of fame away up on a steep, rugged, high hill, so that vagabonds and laggards and stragglers cannot stumble in. It may bo that no argument could illus trate or embellish oronforco this princi ple on tho minds of the prejudiced and selfish. No effort is nooded to demon strate it totho cultured and thoughtful. Whon tho flames of tbo Kronch rev olution wero raging around tho un happy (jueen, Mario Antoinette, she implored Gaudet to tell her how to save the crumbling throne for hor little sleeping son. llo replied, "r,ducato bim for the coming freedom, for that is tho only condition ot life." Tbo mighty lido of war and blond and fire swept over the fair fields of the smitten Kmpircof the Hourbons. Tho coining freedom was delayed for a little time while an adventurer and despot truttcd in the fading garments of royalty. Hut in the wako of inlet ItX'tnal revolution anil progress, free dom finally came with the certain and relentless tread ol destiny. The sun ol universal knowledge is slowly rising, and Ha goldon beams aro gilding tho mountain tops an over tno world. In the ailent marrh of years, its living floods ot light will roll down into tho valleys and usher in tbe uni versal freedom of all men, of every kindred, and clime, and tongue. There can be no doubt for ths Inture of the world, if men will bury their prejudices and selfishness, and commit theirdeali- NEW nies to tho unerring control of intelli gence "If we work upon marble it will perish ; if wo work upon brass time will effaco it; if wo roar temples thoy will crumble into dust; but if wo work upon immortal minds weengravoupon tablets that will enduro to all otorn ity." 'dnter. HUMORS OF THE C EX S VS. A reporter of tho Philadelphia Tiim s look a jaunt with several Enumerators the other day in that city, and tallied tho following information for tbe read ers ot tbat journal : A BOW IN CROSS AM.EV. Tho aristocracy of SL Mary's street, Cross alley and Cullen street wore found in a state of excitement yester day morning when tbo Census r.nu mcratur and a Timet reporter arrived upon tho scono. Tho visitors were no sooner espied tuan thoy wcro sur rounded by a motley crowd of blacks and whiles, cursing them. " Hullo 1 bore's tho blokos what put our names in tho papor today," said a white woman with a black eyo and discolored laco, which looked as if she had recontly sulfcred a sovoro boating. "Oh, but you're going to catch It." " If my man was horo he'd rip you opon," shouted anothor hag, with an oath. " You'd bolter look oulfor your selves, I can toll yon." " Doro's a big culled woman 'round on St. Mary's Btrcet huntin' for yoa wid a club," said a burly Milatto, elbowing his way Ihrough'iuo crowd. " one swears sbo s gain to break your nccK ior inBUiiin nor in do paper. jjon i you aaro to como in my houso unless you want tu spend 82," said a colored man standing at tbo en trance to an alley on Uullen street. "I don't want no white trash around here." " Young fellers," said an old colored man, waving bis slick in tho air. "if you tako my advice you'll clar out. Do neighbors round hero is mad at you, and dey may hurt you." There was no danger of anything moro than talk trom theso persons, however, as a policeman was posted on tno corner ol Lross alley and tullen street, and they confined all their war fare to threats. The Enumerator pro ceeded with his work without molesta tion, although ho was annoyed and hampered by a crowd of mon and wo men following bim wherever ho went and commenting with much freedom upon both strangers' personal appear an co. " Say, hero's Aunt Chloo," said a fel low, seizing an old colored woman, who was passing along with a pitcher in her hand; "don't you want to put some thing in your paper about her? Look yar, she's got a beard," holding hor chin up for inspection. " You done put anyting in do papor about mo I'll break your jaw," said the old woman, brandishing ber pitcher and glowering at tho reporter. At one houso a womun told her littlo boy, who was evidently in disgrace for somo mischief, that tho man with a big book had come to tako him away lor boing a bad boy. A colored man in quired vory anxiously if tho enumera tor didn't want to put down bis six dogs, and assured him that thoy were ball' mastiff and half St. Bernard. "All sons ot Gonoral McClollan," bo said, and inquiry rovoaled that their father was a mastiff who boro that tillo. "Does your wifo work ?" was asked a Gorman in ono of tho houses. "Nion, she goes to school," was the reply. "1 meun your wife," said tho enu merator. "Oh, mino oil voman ; yab, sho vorks," replied the Teuton. "Do you sutler from any sicknoss?" was asked a very fat colored woman, on St. Mary street. "I'm conflicted with a smothering of tho heart," sho replied, but was un able to toll anything moro about it. " Wo'ro all black 'round hero," said an old woman, when asked the color of tho inmates of her houso. ' I don't mix with no white folks and don't want to." . In ono bouse on Si. Mary street tbo man was told that information was wanted, and responded that ho didn't know anythingexcopt what his mother had told him. "Ho ain't got no education," said his wife apologetically, "but I can read and write." When askod if ho was married be replied that ho had a piece of paper up stairs which tho minister hud given bim hanging up stairs, and that was all bo know. One man stated that he was suffering from "misery in the back." Before a little bouse in a court an old colored woman sat knitting when the visitors approached. "Oh, Aunty Uoso," said a littlo mulatto girl, playing on tho pavement, "here's two gentlemen come to tell your fortuno." " Dey 'II bo smarter mon dan any I'vo soon if dey can do dat," said tho old woman, with a chuckle. "Soy, Mistor, do you vaeclnnto babies '!" asked a woman with a baby in her arms, approaching the enumer ator. When Informed that ho did not sbo looked quito disappointed. No further trouble was experienced, and before night the enumerator bad the satisfac tion of knowing that he had completed ibe worst portion of bis division. TIAD Bill A UUSTtANB? ' William Iiohb, one of tho enumera tors for the Ninth ward, has the divis ion bounded by Markot and Arch and Tenth and Eleventh streets. In bis porogrinationi yestordny morning bo camo upon a tumblo down old dwelling off Markot street, near Eleventh, occu pied by a stout Irishwoman and throe children. Tbo enumerator explained what be had come around tor, and alter the expenditure of a good deal of breath convinood the woman that his visit was perfectly legitimate and that whatever objections sho might have to the census system he was not to be blamed for it. Sho told him her namo, but when he came to ask hor ago she bocame a changed woman. Indade," sho said, "it's nobody 'a business what my ago is, an' 1 shan't tell It to anybody." The puzzlod enumerator looked around until hisoyorestod on the three chubby children, who stood staring with all their eyes. "Have you a husband, madam?" ho askod In a persuasive and gontle tone, expeoting by a chango of the subject to mollify the indignant woman. "Sliuro, and do yon think these chil drr wud be aronn hero If I hadn't?" she demanded, In a voico that mado the snumerntor quail. " 1 didn't know, madam, but that your husband might have been dead, or that you might have got a divorce from bim, or " "Oob, have yea got rid o' your wits? TERMS-$2 per annum in Advanoe. SERIES - V0L. 21, NO. 21. He's not divorced nor dead either, but as livo an' able-bodied as yornclf." IIOO LI.V1, LAUNDKVHAN. There is one Chinese laundry In Mr. liobb's division, Sam Wong's establish ment, on tho wost side of Tenth street, a tew doors below Arch. Entering uero about two o clock yesterday allernoon Mr. Itohb found a ingle Chimr! an at w ork, ironing. A pair of wcodeii hhiHis, protiudihg !i-uni the top of a box behind a screen, with a pair of linen legs attached, seemed to indicate that tho solitary Chairman bud a fellow-workman, who at that prociso momont soemod to be rcciiper ating bis tramo with alocp. The enumerator had quito a satisfactory interview with the solitary Chinaman, as tho following dialogue shows : "Jio you speak English ? said tho enumerator. "Spcttkoe English?" repeated tho LOiiiaman, looking at him suspiciously, as though he suspected a joke. "What's your namo?" said tho enumerator. " My namo?" said tho Chinaman. " L' in, "said tbo enumerator, nodding: "your name ?" .Naniee 'said tho Chinaman, look ing Bcurchingly at tho enumerator, ns though positivo be was being made a fool of. Yes," said the enumerator. "Name, name, bo continued, miikinn motions on his paper with a pencil. " VT hatoo lol ! said the Chinaman. "Census," said the enumerator. " Census ?" repeated the Chinaman. still wilh that suspicious look. "Census," said the enumerator, look ing ut the Chinaman. Tho Chinaman looked at tho enumerator and tho enumerator looked at tlio Chinaman, and both looking as though they knew that each considered tho oilier a fool. "I'm taking the census," said tbo enumerator, spreading out bis paper on a pile of smooth linen and trying to demonstrate. "The census names, ages, occupations, everything. " Ebelylhing?" repeated tho China man, curiously. " How many of you are here ?" said the enumerator. " How many hole ':" repealed the Chinaman. " Yes," said tbo cmuucralor, eagerly, " how many ?" "How many?" repeated tbo China man again. " Write il down," said tho enumera tor, shoving his paper and pencil toward him. "Lite it down t" repealed the China man, inquiringly, resuming his iron. "Can you write English ?" said the enumerator, shoving tho paper and poncil temptingly near tho Chinaman. " Lite English ?" repeated the China man, composedly following hit eyes the course ot tbo iron. " Writo it down in your own lan guage," said the enumerator with sud den eagerness alter a moment s pause "Ob, it, no," ho said in tho next breath ; "tbat wouldn t do mo any food, either." n uui s yuur name f persisted the enumerator. "Youl nnmeo?' ropoatcd tho China man, slopping his work at the appeal ing look ot tbo enumerator. "Yes," said tho enumerator ; "I must writo your name down her," and ho showod tho Chinaman a lot of tbe other names. "I have everybody's name hero, and I want your name to put down with tbein." Tbe Chinaman nodded as though a faint gleam of intelligence shot athwart his benighted mind, and bo nodded. "What is your name?" said the enumerator coaxingly. "Charlie," said tho Chinaman. "Charlie what t" said tho enumer ator, beginning to writo it down. "Charlio ebelylhing," said the China man, resuming his iron. Aftor a whilo the enumerator got tho Chinaman to say that his name was Iloo Lam. Further and moro persistent inquiry, however, modified this title down to lloo Ling and thus it went down in the enumerator s book. "How many of you are here?" asked tho enumerator. "Two," said tho Chinaman, sullenly. "What's his camo ?" said the enum erator, pointing to tho wooden shoes. "I lont low," said tbo Chinaman. "Don't know ?" snid the emimorntor. "Yes you do." The Chinaman did not answer, but went on ironing. "What's his namo?" repeated tho enumerator. "Sing," said tho Chinaman. "What's bis first namo ? said the enumerator. Tho Chinaman said bo didn't know and tho enumerator went and wakod up tho wooden shoes. He seemed a guod deal put out at being thus dis turbed. What's your name ?" said the enum erator. "Whateefolf'said tho wooden shoes. "Census " said tho enumerator, tap ping his paper ; "what's your namo "J.out low, said the wooden abooe. A Her awhilo he said it was Sing, but would not tell what his first namo was, so it went down on tho paper as Ah Sing. Tho enumerator says he is glad thoro are no moro Chinese in bis dis trict orrs axoTxs. There is no wonder that Thomas Jefferson was a stout Democrat aftor his observation of tbe royalty of Europe during his residence there, sinco be declares that the King of Prance was a fool, and also the Kings of Spain, Naples and Sardinia. Tbe (Jiieen ol fortugal was a degree worse, boing an idiot, and so was tho King of Denmark, ilio lung ot rruBsia ho describes nl a hog. Gustavus Adol phtis of Sweden and Emperor Joseph of Austria woro crazy ,and RingGoorgo of England was kept in a straight waistcoat. I he Empress Catharinoot Russia was mutually sound, he admits, however awfully wicked ; bulthon hor royalty was new and so accounted lor her sanity, llo maintained that tho habits olYoyalty nocossarily tended to the mental weakness of the descend ants of Kings, and the facts as he saw them seemed to - confirm his theory, and yet ho toenta to have likod the En glish form ol government least ot all, although in it the King does not pos sess tho real pow er, llo objected to it that it was worse than a despotism, because its policy was always chang ing at the outs succeeded tbe ins. Tbe real power he declared was wiolded by the aristocracy, formed into two parties that were in constant conlonllon over it, and entirely unscrupulous in their efforts to aehievo stiocess. He doclared it to be the most unprincipled govern, ment existing,. and condemned il forth Armors because money and not mor ality is the principle ol commercial nations. Jefferson's strictures, however woll foundod, certainly apply as strongly to our Democratic (iovornmont as to that nf Enflnnd. Money is just as in- lluuntiul, and partisan leaders aro just at unscrupulous. Tbo fight ol tho outs against the ins takes place in every government. In the Despotism it re sults in violent revolutions, while in governments whoro tho power is con ceded to tho peoplo, as it it in England and wilh us, tho revolutions are more numerous buahnnro quiet. When some body discovers a means ot separating peoplo into those who are willing to submit patiently to bo governed and those who aro willing to govorn ; aud shall further learn to limit tbo number of tho second class to tbo number ol tho ollii es to be filled, tbo grand aeeret will bo found by which revolutions. may bo dispensed with. It can hardly be that Jefferson ex potted thut tho government lie is.isted to frame eould live long without be coming tbe proy of tho otlieo huntor : and yet, from tho freedom wilh winch bo abuses tho Englishman for his lust of pell aud power it would seem that he had deceived himself into tbe belief that tho Democrat boro was made of different stuff. It would be an awful ' thing for us if we did not change our Governors occasionally. It would bo bolter for us if we changed thorn oftcnor. Whether the molivo of tho ouls in liglitini; tho ins issollilii)rolheriso,il is certain that if'the ins did not huve the fear of tbe ouls before their eyes. Our peaceful revolutions are our only safe guard ; aud neither wo nor the English aro to be reproached for thorn. We would not havo so many of thorn wero it not fur tho selfish desire of men to elevate themsolves to powor. Thoy havo this incentive to work for the protection of the people from the ra pacity and despotism ol their rulers ; and if we profit by their weakness we neod not account it altogether despi cable. Tbo nations ot the world want to be governed by men of such intelligence and integrity that they will always consult and promoto the publio good and nevor be influenced by considera tions of individual advantage. Tbeor. eticully, that is our need. Practically wo know it is not to be had and we really do not scorn to desire to have it ; for it is a most notorious fact tbat men who havo established reputations for just such unselfish probity and wisdom as make everybody pronoiinco them most fit to bo our Governors aro not, nevertheless, often chosen; certainly they aro not necessarily chosen by reason of their reputation tor fitness. I ho Bullish schemer is vory apt to ho ! P" t them. One reas,.n for it is tbat tbe peoplo do not govorn in our 1 lomocracy. 1 ho politicians generally do it for them. Conventions givo them a choice of candidates ; and conven tions ure not famous for selocting tho best man. Then again parly spirit blinds tho peoplo who will generally vote for a bad man in preference to a good one becauso he is of their party. Thus the best men are stood back. Lancaster ilWi.iwr. EDUCATIONAL. I1Y M. L. McQUOWN. "Kiluration ia a better lafeguard of liberty than a Handing army. If we retrench the waaea uf the ..buolmailer, w muat raiia tboie of tbe recruit ing sergeant." The School Hoards havo organized for another school year. 1'. U. Harris, Esq., we learn, will lecture under the auspices of tho Nor mal Instituto, at Now Washington, on Friday evening, June 18tb. We enjoyed pleasant calls from six toon school Directors during tbe ses sion of Court. They all spoke favora bly of tho educational interests in their districts. TW- U eAM..t. iK(vl . Itneril have let the contract for building a new houso, and contomplato furnish ing throo with approved patent furni ture during tho Summer. We havo been informed that the mention of the marriage of Nannie M. Wilson, of Kylortown, was an error, and tbat tho lady it attending school, and hopes to continuo in the faithful performance of ber dutiea as a teacher. We gladly make tho correction. John and Wesley McLarron, of De catur township, tbe former holding a Stale certificate, and the latter a grad uate of Lock Haven Slate Normal School, have embarked in mercantile pursuits in the borough ol Osceola. Tho profession loses two well-qualified toacbors by this movement. Tho Shawsville select school, nndor the management of Mr. S. P. Fisher, is accomplishing a good work. He is directing bis bost energies toward tbe propor instruction of those contem plating teaching. We wero present at tho Literary Society on last Friday afternoon a week, and enjoyed tbo ex ercises very mucb. . . Wo acknowledge tho receipt of an invitation to witness the ceremony of uniting in marriage Mr. Silas Heece, of Docatur township, and Miss Kate Alio man, of the Altoona public schools. The event occurred at Eighth Avenuo Presbyterian Church, in Altoona, on Thursday lust, June loth. While wo regret our inability to havo boon pros out and witness tbe union ot these par tics, we aio glad to announco the hap py affair. Thoy both rank bigh in the teacher's profession in Clearfield coun ty, and have a permanent place in the affections of the tcaebora, who will unite in extending the usual congratu lations. Tho briilo. after teaching a number of years in this county, was elected to a good position in tho city schools of Altoona, where ebe roeeived tho distinction of annual promotion until sho held an enviable position. The groom hasdovotod many yoars to continued service in tho cause of edu cation in Clearfield county, always meeting with good succors. May the rof.bud of Lore eeabelliek their eot, And flourleb long after ecbeol dayi are forgot. Tu Innocint Scuooi.MAsTEa. He doesn't know vory much. He can ask the questions laid down in his text book, and can determine with a good degreo ol accuracy whether the an swers are repoated correctly. He car ries a pen ovor nis ear, u suck in un right hand, and a book in his pocket. Ho considers it ot much mora im portance to soctire obedience and submission than intcllectan.1 disci pline, lie frequently sayt: "Learn your lesson I II you ask any questions you shall bo punished! It is not for you to know the reason why I Wiser heads than yours or mine have written those books, and It it your duty to learn what ia wrilton, and mino to make you do il! Study!" He re quires absolute, unquestioning submis sion. Ho noither thinks lor himself nor permits his pupils to do so. Ha bclievos his books, and follows his nose. llo is the sworn enemy ot Normal Schools, Teachers' Instltutos, and uni versal free education. Wilh new text books be hat no patience, and takes no special interest In now inventions ; in lact, he rather moro than half be lieves that Edison it a humbug. Ho daily puts on the skull cap of hit own ignorance, and lives in the loggy atmos phere of his favorable pipe ; and one of these days he will wrap the drapery ol his snuffatained garments about bim, and lie downunhonored, unwept, and unromombored. Tbe above it no idle sketch. Wo have many auch teachers yet lingering In the valleys of our dark corners. It is only hy per sistent cITortA tbat they can be driven from the teachers' ranks Into the dark nest of obscurity. harKfi Educational Monthly.