Newspaper Page Text
1 1, ha lint ukpiblica!, roti.iiaio araar wbdbiidat, at CLKAHVIKLb, PA. tHTAHLHBEO II lt. Die largeat Circulation of any Newapapar Ih North Central Ptnueylranla. Terms of Sulsoription. IT paid tn idriom, or withtn I mon.ai.;..9l IM If paid after 1 and before 6 month V AO If paid after the eiplration of wonthi... 3 OO Rates oi Advertising, Trnnilent advertisement, per iquare of 10 llneior '.fmi, 1 tlinei orleii $1 &0 Kur each lubinqucnt innrtian M A I mini Htm tori' and Bxecutora'notloea I 60 AuilUors' nntieei , t 40 Cnutlont and Kitraya 1 60 hiinolution notleee S 00 Profeialonal Cerdi, i Noel or len,l jtir.... e 00 Local n(itliei,pT line 10 TKAKI.Y ADVERTISEMENTS. I iu.re $S 00 eotutnn 00 t juarea... ....IS 00 i column- 70 00 S ir)URrei. SO 00 1 column., ISO 00 0. B. OOODLANDKR, Publisher. puiicrs' Cards. w. SMITIl, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, tl 1:71 Clearfield, Pa. T J. L1XGLU, ATTORNEY - AT - LAW, 1:18 Fhlllpaburg, Centre Co., Pa. y:pd JOI.ANPD. SWOOPE, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Curwca.vllle, Clearfield eounly, Pa. oct. t, 'TS lf. QSCAR MITCHELL, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLKARFIBI.D, PA .T-O-UIBce in tbe Opera lluuie. will, 78 If. G. 1 R. & W. BARKKTT, Attorneyb and Counselors at Law, CLEARFIELD, PA. January SO, 1S7S. SRAEL TEST, ATTOUN EY AT LAW, I leartleld, Pi. fVOmet in the Court Bonia. ' jyll,'(7 yil. M. McCULLOUGII, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CI.KAltl'IKLD, PA. Offi.'e in Mn.onlc building, Second ltrect, op. poiite tbe Court Hou.0. Je26y7S-lf. ('. ARNOLD, LAW A COLLECTION OFFICE, CIIKWENSVILI.B. e.'rt Clearfield Count.v, P.nn'e. 7iy s i T. liUOCKlSAN K, , ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, PA. Orloe In Opera llouio. ep JV77 ly gMirn v. wii.sox, .f lforitrif-flf-f.il if. CI.KAHFIELD, - - PKXN'A. jf-rr-Offii-e in llio Mft.nnitf Building, our the Count; National Hank. iunr!4 sl. "yiLLIAM A. n AfjEHTY, CLEARFIELD, PENN'A A-ft-WIII attend to all legal bu.ino. wilb prompted, nnd fidelity f.-ljl lMMf. WM.I.IAM A. WALLACe. HJtltRT P. WALLACR. PAVin L. ansae, jona w. wniaLir. T ALLAC'K & KRHlW, IT (Ruiocm.ri to Wallooe A Fielding,) A T T O It N E Y S - A T - L A W , j:,o I '71 Clearlleld, Pa. I I'. SXYDKIt, ti ATTORNEY AT LAW, CLEARFIELD, PA. J Ifi ne in Pie'. Opera Uou.e. June J, '7 St(. g L. McGKK, DuBoiB, Clearfield County, Penn'a. erWill attend promptly lo all legal hu.lnell entru.ted to bis eare. panSI, 'SO. raui. murrat. crat'a aoar.on. URIt AY A GORDON, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, CLKARFIKLD, PA. peOtiw in I'lt'i Opera Hon, teaond floor. V;S0'74 lUHIPB I. k'unallt. DA XIRt W. H'CIIBDT. m PENALLY A McCURDY ATTORN EYS-AT-LAW, ( irarrjeid, ra. .fray Legal bnilneia atuniled to promptly with) ilelity. Office on Second itreet, above tbe PirM ,auunal Uank. jan:l:70 t O. KitAMEU, lie A T T O It JJ E Y - A T - L A W , Heal Eitftto nd Collection Agent, t i.i;akkiixi, pa., Will prtunptly tit tend lo nil legal bniinnt trotpJ to hii omn. -CrOflioe Id Pio'l Opn IIon. Jtal'TA. J P. MrltKNRICK, DISTRICT ATTWNKY, CI.KAKKIKI.I), PA. All Uital builneii MitraitoJ to hi enrt will rt clv prumpt nttontion. jr-r Office In the Court Houic. unl4,l878Iy. JOHN li. CUTTLE, ' ATTORNEY AT LAW. tnil Heal l-tate Acmt, t'learfif Id, Pa, Oflo od Third trtt. bot. Cherry A Wnlnnt, Vtr Respectfully offeri hli lervlcef lo iolllng nod buying Undi tn Clenr&eld and ndjoinlng eountlet ( and with nn eiperienoe ol onr twent? yar u a inrTtyor. tit I ten btmielf that he eu rentier int. amotion. ireo. iH;r.;.:ti, JlUisirians' tTnrrta. I) R K. M. SCIIEUItKR, HOMlEOPATIIIC PHYSICIAN, OQlca Id re.idcnce on Fir.t .t. April 14, 1S7. Clrarlleld, Pa. yyi W. A. MEANS, V II Y 8 I C 1 A N A 8 U It (1 K O N , DI'IIOIS CITY, PA. Will attend profenional eall. promptly, eugio'70 yyi. t. j. itoYF.it, I'UYSICIAN AND SUROKttN, OHle on Market Street, Clearlleld, Pa. 4r-0Hee hoaret It. IU m., and I to I p. m. jyi. J. KAY WKIGLKY, HOMIEPATIIIC PHYSICIAN, meTOKce adjoining the re.l'lence ef Jamee Wnglcy, hi., on Second St., CleerGele), Pa. JulyHI,'7a If. I) It. a. H. VAN VALZAII, l.l'.AHKIKI.It, PKNN'A. OFFICE IN MKSlIiKNCE, CORNER OF FIRST AND PINK STREETS. JUf OBIce hut -From It to I P. M. May II, 1171. D It. J. V. 11URCUFIKLI), Late Surgeon of the 9H Regiment. PenniyUanU Volunteer, having returned from the Amy, efferi hjt profeiilenal lerfioei le Iheeitiieni at Clear. old eoenty. fPrjft clonal ealla promptly attended ta, OTioe oa Seeead meet. foraerlyeupled by nr. wfto,ii. iaprva-M 1 Oil PRIMTING Of EVERT DE9CRIP I U tlon neatly eteented at thli eBf. CLEARFIELD GEO. B. G00DLANDEE, Editor VOL. 51-WII0LE NO. Cards. T fj We have f rioted a large number of the new PKI II ILL, and will tn the receipt of twenty 0e nenre. mail a aot tn any a4dreei myt$ WILLIAM M. 1IENKY, Justice of Tia Praci a nr. 8ctiTita, HMHER CITY. Collection! made and money promptly puid over. Arlielei of agreement ami deada of funreyanoe neatly eseouted and warranted eor reel or no charge. IIJy'71 JOHN D.THOMPSON, Juatloe of the Peace and Scrivener, Cnrweuavllle, Pa trftCollMtloni made and mono? promptly paid over. feb2I'71tf HENRY BRETU, (oaTKKD P. O.) justice of tup: peace por rrll Towaauir. Ua; 8, IS78 lj JAMRS MITCHELL, PKALRR l Stiuare Timber & Timber LojhIb, J.ll'TJ ULRARF1KLD, PA. REUBEN HACKMAN, House and Sign Painter and Paper Hanger, Clearfield, Penn'a. V.Will eiecutejobe In all Una promptly and la a workmanlike manner. ayr4,97 J OUN A. STADLER, BAKKR, Market 8t Clearfield, Pa. Freih Bread, Kmk, Holla, Plea and Cnkea oo hand or made te order. A general Miort merit of Confectioneries, r ruin and Mita in nora. Ie Cream and Oyitera in lemon, haiurm neany opposite the Poittiffioe. Prioei moderate'. M Mfh IO.'7S WEAVER & BETTS, Real Estate, Square Timber, Saw Logs, AND LI'MMER OF ALL KINDS. rOIBoa oa Second rtreat, in rear of Itore ri'iin of Ueorge Weatar A Co. I jan, '78-tf. RICHARD HUGHES, Jl'STICE OF TUE PEACE FOR Ittcatur Toitnthip, Oiaeola Mill! P. O. All official buiineii eotra.ted to bin will be promptly attended to. moh2V, 7". QARHY SNYUER. BARHUB AND UAIRDRESSER. Shop on Market St., oppoille Curt Home. A clean towol for every curtomer. Alio dealer in lle.t Hranda ef Tobarro and Cljara. -i....H P. IK. '7. JAMES H. TURNER, Jl STICK OF TUB TEACli, H allacelou. Pa. M-H. bai prepared bim.elf witb all Ibe necea.ary blank furmi under Ibe Penilon and Bounty lawa, ae well ai bleak Daadi, eto. All lecal mattarl entru.ted to hil eare will reeeWe " II.. ,iL II1..II prompt attention. ..,.- - ANDKKW I1ARW1CK, Market Htreet, Clearfield, Pa., AarrAOTDaaR aao iibalrr ir Ilarnm, BridUl, Saddles, Collar, and Hone-Furnishing (loads. pfKW klndi or repairing p-omptly attended to. Had. Hit.' Hardware, lluree Hruibea, Curry Cotnhi, Ae., alwaya on band and for eale at tbe lowe.t ca.b prioe. March 1, l7 G. H. HALL, PRACTICAL PUMP MAKER, NEAR CLEARFIELD, PENN'A. MrPunipi alway. oa band and made to order on abort notice. Pipe! bored on reasonable tome. All work warranted to render aatl.tartion, and delivered If deilred. r mylailypd Iitvery Ntable. rpilR underiignod beg. leave to Inlorm thepub X He that ha la now fully prepare to aeeommo date all In tbe wayol lurni.ning iiw.aee, uuggiea, Saddlea and llarneaa, on the ahortoit notioe and en reaaonable term.. Reildenoa on Loeuit itreet, between Third and Fourth. OHO. W. OKARHART llearleld, Fab. 4. 1174. WASHINGTON HOUSE, (URN IIOPEPKNN'A. fpilB indpnlgned, having leaHd thla torn X Btodioua Hotel, in the village of Glen Hope, in now prepared to accommodate all who may eall. aly table and bar ahall be (applied, with the belt the market affordi. (JKOROK W. DOTT8, Jr. Olen Hope, Pa , March 20, 1879-tf. THOMAS H. FORCEE, DiALia m 'GENERAL MERCHANDISE, C.KAIIAMTON, Pa. Alio, e i ten five manufaetnrer and dealer In Rqaare Xiaiiber and Hawed Lomberof all kind). jMf-OrJeri aollclted and all billi promptly Blled. I"jyl6 73 E, A. BIGLER & CO., SQUARE TIMBER, and nanufacturen of ALL KINimOP BAW ICO I.I MIII'.R, I 7'7i CLKARPIKLD. PKNH'A. I. SNYDER, PRACTICAL WATCHMAKER 1Mb naiLra ia WatchoB, Clocks and Jo dry, t7roaoei'a Bow, Mgrkit Strett, (XBAHkiero, PA. All klndi of repairing In i iy line proinptty at- ended to. April J-i, iT4, Clearfield Nursery. ENCOUKAGK HOME INDUSTRY. rpHK andernlgned, having eetabliahad a Nur X aery on the 'Pike, about half way between Clrerfleld and Curweniville, ti prepared to for niih all kloda of FRUIT TRJCKn, (atandard and dwarf,) Kvergreoni, BhrvibUry, Urape Vinae, Uuoneberry. Lawton lllaek berry, (Strawberry, and Raipberry Vinea, Alao, Hlberian Crab Tree., Wulnre, and early tear let lthubarb, Ao. Order! prutuptly attended to. Addreaa, iep2U H.y Curweniville, Pa. MEAT MARKET. F. M. CARDON 4 BRO., . Or Market St., ene door welt of Mao. Ion Ilonaa, CLKARF1KLD, PA. Oar arrangement! are ff tbe melt eomnlete eharacter lor rurnl.bing the panite wttn rreet Meata of all kind, and of tbe eery beet auallty We alao deal la all kind! of Agrleallaral Imple ment!, whieb we beep on eablMttea far tbe ben efit ef the public. Call nronnd wbea I. tewn, and take a look at tkingi, or addrei. ue F. M. CAKDON BRO. Cbarleld. Pa., July 14, Ia7e-tf. fUarHeltl Inniraurt Jrtnct. JARRRJURR. CARROU, L. RIORI.R, fif.'Rfi HIIHH.r., JftnlM. Rrprennt Ibe following in I other Ir.t-cUii Co'a Compaalea. Aneu. I.,..nl L.doa A Olobe II. 8. Br.44.ltil.ua Lyeomlag oa mnlual Aea.b plan..... t.mo.doo 1'bieall, of llartferd, Cone I. la.aranoa te. ef North America I,4M74 Kottb Uilti.b A Mereantile-li.g. Br. l,7kl,t.1 rVolll.h Oommeriial II. I. Breach.... I),I4 Wawrlown tM.l Traeelere I Lite A Aeeldeal) 4,i,4K OtTioao. Matket Ktepp. Ceart Howe, Clear' Held, Pa. Joe. 4, '7 If. s. & Proprietor. 2,681. Chapters of Unwritten History The Gettysburg Campaign---The Story of the Socond Corps on the March and In Battle. HANCOCK'S HEROISM UNDER WAR. A Qraphio Recital of the Stirring Deeds el an Lventlul Uay. BY MAJOR CaKN ER ALST.CLAIR A, MULHOLLAND. From tbe Philadelphia Time!. In till llio four joun of its exintoui:o tLo moil ol llio Ariuy of tlio l'otomao novur liailod an order wilb mora de light tlmn tlmt ono which withdrew us I roiu before I'lodericltaburgand scut ue North, When on that lovely Summer ovcniiig in Juno, 1&G3, wa looked for lho Inot time on Muiye's boiihU and Iho nionumcntof WaHhin'ton's mother, which had been shattered and broken by tbo shells ot both armies, and stood out there on lho plain back of tbo city oh though protesting against this fra tricidal strile, a mute and sorrowful Niobe weeping fur the mislortunes of her children, etery heart boat with a quickened throb and all the men re joiced to leave llio scenes of tbo last six months. e withdrew irom tbe line of the river after the shades of night had lttllen over tho landscape ; and it seemed to bo an appropriate hour, for bad not lho great army whilo hero been in shadow, without a ray ot sunshino to gladden our souls? and wo had been hero so long wo wero bo giuning to he forgotten as the Army of the Potomac, and U tters came to us marked "Army of the Rappahannock.' As we marched away in the darkness our joy was not unmingled wilb sor row, fur wus there a vetorun in tho runks who did not leave behind tho graves of nohlo and well-beloved com rades who hud fought boiodo him Irom the beginning of tlio great struggle? Wo did not march away with all tbo army. Vt hen our camp-ureH wuicn on tins night burned with usual bright- ncm went out and left tho Valley of the Ktippuliaiiiiuik in darkness, lho living army was gono to be sure, but twenty live thousand of our members lay over on the other side ol llio river the heroes of Fredericksburg and Cbanccllorsvillo. An army ol occu pation, indeed, the corpB ol honor, funning a groat and permanent eamp the bivouau of the dead. A MARCH TO VICTORY. Tlioughls of redness cavo way to those ot a moro buoyant nature : wo felt when the head of lho column turn ed toward the Capital the road we trod would load to victory. The march to Gettysburg was ono of the longest and most severe we had yet experienced. In thinking ot war we are apt to look only at tho battles ; to bear the dread sound of strife; see tho deadly, gaping wounds, and aro ready to crown the survivors or give honor to thoso who tell; but tbo hardships ot the march, the beats of Hummer, tho colds of Winter, the entire absence of every comfort and luxury in activo service is overlooked or lorgotton by thoso who do not participate. Napoleon, when retreating Irom Moscow, lost many ol his men by tho oxcossive cold ; directly opposito was our experience on tho way to liottysburg. Un one day, 1 think tbo socond out Irom I'aimoutn, our corps lost more than a dor.cn men from sunstroke they loll dead by tbe waysiilo. Un another day we crossed the battle-field of Hull Run, whoro the year before l'opo had met with dis astrous defeat. No effort had been made to bury tho dead properly ; a lit tlo earth, which the rain bad long ago washed away, had been thrown over them where they fell, and their bodies, or rather their skeletons, now lay ex posed to view. 1 n somo parts ol the field they wero in groups, in other places singly and in all possible posi tions, uno cavalryman lay outsiicicn- ed witb skeleton band still grasping his rusted sword. Another, half cov ered with earth, the flesh still clinging to bis melons bone and hand extended as if to srect us. We rested for a short time on the Yield and ono of tho regiments of our brigado(the Twenty eighth Massachusetts) balled on tho very spot on which they had fought the year previously, and rccognned tho various articles lying around as belonging to thoir own dead. Tho route of the Second corps to l.cttysburg was over two hundred miles in length. Some days wo march ed filleen on others eighteen miles, and on ono day ( Juno UUlh) this corps completed the longest march mado by any inluntry during tbe war leaving Frederick City, Jld., in tho morning and halting at 11 o'clock V. M. two miles neyond Unionlown, a distance ol thirty lour miles. y hen l look hack over tho almost Bcoro of yearn to this march ol tho second corps and think of tho perfect discipline in tho ranks, tho cheerfulness with which tho enlisted men, with their load of fifty soven pounds weight musket and ammunition, knapsack and curtridgo box, shelter tent and blanket, canteen and rations trudged along under the broiling sun ol the hottest month In tho yoar; how bravelj- they struggled to keen up with their regiments lest they should miss the fight, and how, Whilo on the mureli, no act was conv mitted which could bring dishonor upon them as mon, as cilicens or sol diors, my heart fills with admiration, and 1 offer a flowing moasuro of praise to my comrades, who aro yet alive and to thoso who aro no moro. There is not an inhabitant on all that lino ot march who can tell of a single act of vandalism by any ot tho men, such as wo uro wont lo bear ot other armies. In tho rich and cultivated country through which wo passed, hlo and property were respected as much as though wo were in lho halcyon days 01 peace. Did and young came to the roadsido to see tho army pass, and know they Were tale from insult or molestation. The field ol ripened grain waved untramplcd when lho corps had gono by, tho men ovon got out of their way to avoid the gardens lest they should step upon lho Howers, Tho perfection of iTisciplino In the army atthis period wascxlraordiuarr. Tho armies that fought tho war ol 1801 differed very widely from the armies of oilier nations. Wo had no hoards of Cossacks, no regiments of nasni-iiar.oukt to Durn and destroy, to insult the aged or crush lho dctcnso less. When Hancock, at Williams. burg, said to his brigade, "Gentleman, charge I" ho did not call his tioops out ol thoir oamo. Our army was literally an army oi gonncmon. ACROSS Till POTOMAC And so we passed on to Thorough- tare dan, to hd wards Perry, to rred erick, Jld lo Lnioutown and lanoy town, where, on the morning of July let, the Second corps was massed, and CLEARFIELD, where Genoral Al cade's headquarters had been established. While the corns were tiling into the fields to the right and loR ot tbe road and settling down for a rest and to watt for orders, uen eral Hancock rode over to Gen. Meade and ontorod into conversation with him As they were talkingamountod officer dasbod up, bringing the intelligence that fighting had begun at Gettysburg thirteen miles distant. Tbe nows was meant e only that there was fighting. That. was all ; yet it caused a general surpriso, unaware as we were ol the near proximity oi ine enemy, and was enough to send a thrill through out the veteran ranks. Tbe road that leads to Gettysburg ia scanned witb anxious eyes, and soon, away in tbe distance, rises a oloud ot dust, which comes nearer and nearer, and another messenger from the front is with as. Ue tells ns that Reynolds is killed or mortally wounded ; that the rtrst and Eleventh corps are fighting and the battlo is against us. It is now 1 o clock, too late lor tbe Second corps to roach tho field tlmt day to take part in stem ming the lido of robel victory ; but not so with their Uommandor. Moade ordors H uncock to proceed to the front and tako command ol all the troops tboro assembled. This was ten mm utes post 1 o'clock, and within twenty minutes Hancock, with his staff, was on the road to Gottysburg. Ue goes like Desaix at Marengo, to snatch vic tory Irom the jaws ot detoat. (A Blrange coincidence. Nearly a century before the grandfathorof Gon. Hancock, then a BOldior of Washington, started from this same little village ol lanoy town to osoort somo of the prisoners of Jiurgoyno lo valley r orgo.l mo Second corns promptly followed Gen, Hancock and required no urging to keep them up. lho regiments moved forward solidly and rapidly and not a straggler was to bo seen: I nover saw men cover thirteen miles so quickly but as they hurried along a halt was ordered, tbe ranks opened, and an ambulance passed containing tbo dead body ot the heroic Ueneral J oho r . Key nobis, lho corps pushed on to within a tew miles oi ineoatiie grouna, where it camped that night and arrived on tho field early tho next morning. HANCOCK TO Till FRONT. As Genoral Hancock proceeded to the front be rode part of the way in an ambulance, so that ho might exam ine the maps ol the oountry, bis aide, Major Mitchell, galloping ahead to an nounce his coming to Goneral Howard, whom be found on Uometery Hill, and to whom be told bis errand, giving him to understand that General Han cock was coming up to Uko command. Athall past a o clock General Hancock rode up to General Howard, informed him that he had come to take com mand and askod him if be wishod to see bis wntton orders. Howard an swered: "Not. no I Hancock, go ahead I" At this moment, our deieat aoemod to be complete. Our troops wore flowing through the streets ol the town in disorder, closely pursued by tho Confederates, the retreat fust becoming a rout, and in a very low minutes the enemy would be in pos session of Cemetory Hill, the key to the position ; and the battle of Gettys burg would have gone into history as a ruhol victory. But what a change came over the scene in tho next hall hour. The presence of Hancock, tike that ot Sheridan was magnetic Order camo out of chaos. - The flying troops halt, and again face the enemy. Tbe battalions of Howard's corps that were retreating down lho Baltimore pike, are called back, and wilb a choer go into position on the crest ot Cemetery 11 1 11, wbere tbe division ot Btoinwehr bad already been stationed. Wads worth's division and battery are sent to hold Culp'a Hill, 'and Goary, with tbe While Star division, goes on tbe double-quick to occupy tho high ground toward Round Top. Confidence ia re stored, the enemy checked, and being doooived by these dispositions, coaso their attack. Goneral Hancock was fully aware that Goneral Meade had determined to fight the battle on tbe line of Pipe Lcreek; but noting the topographical advantages ot the ground around Get tysburg, he determined to advise Gen. Meade to tight there. Ue knew that this lino, the crost of Cemetery ttidgo, witb Culp s bill on the right. Round Top on the left, and Cemetory hill in the centre, could not be bettered, Ho, when order had takon the place oi confusion and our lines once more in tact, ho sent his senior aido, Major Mitchell, back to tell Goneral Meade that ift his Judgment Gettysburg was tho placo to fight our battlo. Major Mitchell lound Gunoral Meade in the evening, near Taneytown, and Cgtn- municuted (hose views. Gen. Moade listened attentively and on those rep resentations ho fortunately concluded to abandon his idea ot fighting on the lino ot I'ipe creek and deliver the battlo at Gottysburg, and turning to General 8eth Williams, his Adjutant Goneral, he said : "Order up all the troops ; wo will fight there." Tbe morning ol July id, and tho second day of the battle, dawned clear and bright, and found Hancock posting the Second corps on Ccmctry Ridge. As yet no ono in that corps, with tho exception of the General and bis staff, had beard a shot fired. As we approached Got- the day beforo, tbe sounds of the fight, owing to the direction of tbe wind or the tormalion ot the country, where wholly inaudible. Those who came upon the field after nightfall had no idea of the whereabout bt tbe enemy ; bat as tho daylight increased and objocts became visible we saw their lines - noarly a mile distant on Seminary Ridge, and away to our left rose Little Round Top, and still farther on Round Top. As the day wore on, and not a shot or a hostile sound broke tho tlillnost of tbe morning, it bocame evident that tho enemy were not yet ready lo renew tbe light. Uur corps had got into position, and in a wood just back of our line the birds caroled and sang loud and long. Uur horses quietly browsed in tho rich grass, and lho mon lay in groups peacefully en joying a rest after tho rapid march of tho day betoro. 1 he troops that ar rived upon tho field or c hangod their Sosilion.dtd so leisurly and unmolested, ickles came up and wont into post tion on our lull and' Geary took his division over to Culp's bill. About 10 o'clock picket firing was heard out to ward Little Round Top, continuing at intervals until long after noon, at times becoming quite shorj. Hut 3 o clock came and still no indications of tbe general engagement. A tl'LINDIO SPECTACLE. The boya bad partly recovered from tbeir fatigue and were actually begin ning to enjoy life : tome of tbem in dulged in a quiet game of euchoro, while other toasted their bard-tack or fried a, little bacon at the small fire in tbe rear of the lines. Shortly after 8 o'clock a movement was apparent on PRINCIPLES, NOT MEN. PA., WEDNESDAY, JULY 28, 1880. our ten. From whoro we (Caldwell's division) lay, the wnoie country in our front, and.lar to our left, away to the peach orchard and to Littlo Itound Ton, was in full viow. Our division stood in brigade columns, and whon it bocame evident that something was going lo take place the boys dropped their cards regardless of what was trump oven the men who held both oowors and lho ace anu an gathered on the most tavorunie position to wit ness the oponing of tbe ball. Soon the long linos ot tho Third corps are seen advancing, and bow splendidly they march, it looks liko a dross parade, a reviow. On, on, thoy go, out toward tbe peach orchard, but not a shot is fired. A little while longer and some ono calls out, "l'horo I" and points to whoro a puff ot itnoke is eocn arising against tbo dark green ol the woods. Anothor and another cloud until the whole face of the iorest is enveloped and tbe dread sound ot lho artillery comos loud and quick ; abuts are seen bursting in alldirectionsalongtho lines. The bright colors ot tbo regiments are conspicuous marks, and the shells burst around them in groat numbers. The musketry begins, tbe infantry be come engaged, and tbo battle extends along the wholo front ol Sickles' corps. Now tho sounds camo from Little Round Top, and tho smoke rses among the treos and all the high aid wooded ground to tlio left of the poajh orchard seems to be the scene of itrifo. An hour passos and our troopi give way, and are tailing hack ; but .lowly, very slowly, every inch oi grouid is fought lor. lho nurd corps is not in tbo habit ol giving it up, and they bold thoir own well, but tbo odd, aro against them and tboy aro forced to retire. "Now help is called for, aid Hancock tells Caldwell to have lis division ready. "Full in I" and Ihomon run to their places. "Tuke urnn;" and the four brigades of Zook, Cioss, Ilrook and Kolley aro ready tor the fray. I Thcro is yet a few minutes to spare be fore starting and tbo time is occupied in one of the most impressive religious coremonios 1 have over witnessed. Tbo Irish Brigade, wbict bail been oommanded formerly by Gen. Thomas r rancis Meagher, and whos. green flag uuu Deen unlurled in cverv battlo in which tbo army of tho l'okimao had been cngagod, from the first Bull Run to Appomattox, and was low com manded by Colonel Patrick holly, of Eighty -eighth Now York.tormod a part of this division. Tbo brigade stood in column of logimonts, closed in mass. As the largo majority of its members were Catholics the chaplain of tho bn- gado, Rev. William Corly, proposed to give a genoral absolution to all the men belbre going into thefigkt. While this is customary- in tho armies of Catholic countries of Kuropo, it was pornaps tuo nrst time it was evor wit nessed on the continent, unless, indeed, the grim old warrior I'once do Leon. as he tramped through the everglades of Florida in tho search of the Fount-1 ain of Youth, or Dt Solo on his march to tho Mississinni. indulged in this act of devotion. 1 other Corjey stood upon a large rook in frost of the brigado ; addressing the men, he explained what be was about lo do, saying that each ono could rocoivo tbe benefit of tho absolution by making a sincere act of contrition and firmly resolving to em- orace the nrst opportunity ol conicsa ing their tins, urging them to do tbeir duty well, and reminding thorn of the high and sacred nuturo ol tboir trust as soldiers and lho noble object for which thoy lought, ending by saying that the Catholic Church refuses Christian burial to tbe soldier who turns his hack upon the foe or deserts his flag. Tbe brigado was standing at "Ordorarmt." As ho closed his audross evory man fell on his knees, with head bowed down. Then strotching his right hand toward tbe brigado Father Corlcy pro nounced lho words of the absolution : "Hominus noster Jesus Chrislus voe absolvat, et ego, auctoritate ipsius, vos absolvo ab omni vinculo excommunt cationis, ot interdioli in quantum pos sum otvosindigetis,deindoogo absolvo vos a poccatis vestris in nomine 1'atris, et Filio et Spirilus Sanclo, Amen." The scene was more than impressive, it was awo-inspinng. Noar by stood Hancock, surroundod by a brilliant throng of offieors, who had gathorod to witness this very unusual occurrence, and whilo thcro was profound silonco in tho tanks of tho Socond corps, yet ovor to tbo tell, out by the peach or chard and Little Round Top, whore Weed and Vincent and Uaslelt were dying, the roar of the battlo rose and swelled and re ochood through the woods, making musio moro sublime than evor sounded through cathodral aisle. Tho act soomcd to be in harmony with all tho surroundings. 1 do not think thore was a man in tbe brigade who did not oiler up a heartlelt prayer. For some it was their last ; they knelt there in their grave clothes in loss than ball au hour many ot them wore numbered with tho dead ot July & bo can doubt that iheir prayers wore good? What was wanting in tbe eloquence of the priest to move tbem to repentance was supplied in tho inci dents of lho fight. That boart would be incorrigible indoed, that tbe scream olaWbilworlh bolt, added to Father Corlcy touching appeal, would not move to contrition. Till WORK or BLAUUIITKR. Toe maps published by the Govorn racnt make the lino ot Caldwell's divi sion moving to tho lett at 4 o'clock, 1 bunie, tuts i. a iiiiHiaKe. a uoiicvo it was nearly five beforo we started. Tbe division movod off by the lett flank and marchod rapidly. We bad hardly got under way when tho enemy's baltorios opened and eholls began lolling all around us. The ground on which this division faced tho enemy the altornoon of the 2d bad alroady been fought ovor again and again, and tho fields and oods wero strewn with killed and wounded. Anderson and Mol.awa had driven our troops Irom the peach orchard, and the line on which Sickles bad placed the 1 bird corns had been in a great part abandoned. As we ar rived oil lho rising ground to tbe loll of the peach orchard, the brigado of Do Trobriand had been pushed back out of the woods and across the wheat field, alter a most gallant fight As our division advanced many ol the shattered regiments of tbe Third oorps passed to the rear through the inter vals in our line. Thoy retired in good order, with colors flying. To the left of the wheat field Cross deployed his brigatle, Kelly passed to the right and Hrook to tbo left. The brigades wore still in column of regiments when they appeared in front of the enemy, and the columns deployed on the uouble miic.k and formimr line advanced to find the Confederates. Wc had not far to look. As we approached the erost ot the rugged hill, from behind the huge boulders mot worn everywhere scattered around the men ot Long- street's oorpi rose op and poured into our ranks a most destructive fire. Tho sudden meeting astonished os, the lines REPUBLICAN. bolng not more than thirty feet apart when tbe firing opened. I cannot imagine why the robs allowod ui to got so near before firing, unless tboy thought we would give way under the weight and impulse of the attack. If thit was their idea thoy were badly mistaken. Our men promptly returned the fire, and for ton or fifteon minutos the work of death wont on. There was no cheering, no time lost in unnecessary movements. Kvery man tboro, both Union and robel, wore vetorans, and knew just what was wanted. Thoy stood thore laco to face, loading and firing, and so close that every shot told, in a short timo tho brigades ol Cross and Brook began forcing the enemy back, and after tiring for about ten niinntos Colonol Kelly gave the oruer to cnarge. The mon, rushing lorward with acnoor, wore among tho jonunics in a lew moments, A SUCCESSFUL RUSE. Hero took place a rather extraordi nary scene. In an instant our mon and their opponents wore mingled to gether. In charging we bad literally ran ngui in among inem. r iring in slantiy ceased and we lound thoro wero as many of lho enemy as thore woro of ourselves.. Ofllcors and mon looked for a time utterly bewildered ; all tbo ngliling bad stopped, yet tbe Graybacks still retained their arms and showed no disposition to surrender. At this moment a Union officer called out in a loud voice : "Tho Confederate troops will lay down their armt and go to the roar I " This ended a scene that was becoming embarrassing. The Confederates promptly obeyed, and largo number of what I think were somo of Kershaw's brigade became our prisoners. In front of Kelly's bri gado wo found that the enemy lutd sullered much moro than we bad. When ongaged our line was bolow theirs, as they stood on the crost of tho bill. Thoy tired down whilo our men fired upward, and our firo was more cfTootivo. On thoir line we found many doad, but few wounded they wero nearly all hit in tho hoad or upper part ot tbe body, liohind one rock 1 counted fivo doad bodies. This was some of the most severe fighting our division had evor done, and so closo that the ouieers used their revolvers. During the fight my regiment held the extreme right of the division, and from whore we stood 1 could soe the peach orchard, and none of our troops were between tbat point and us a distance of more than a quarter of a mile. As wo were engaged a column of troops passed through this interval, going into our roar, and formed a lino of battle facing tho wheat bold. The hour that this column movod in here is put down on the Government maps as 7 o'clock. I think this is incorrect ; it could not have been so late. And now we find tbat while our division had been, in a manner, victorious in ducking the impetuous attact at this point, and had taken many prisoners, we are oursolves in very serious trouble a line of battlo in our rear nrl another in nnr fmnt Koth mnvirtn to attaot us at once. As we get ready to ropol the attack in front, W onord s Georgia troops Btrike us in tbe roar. The brigados of Cross and Brook are moro fortunato just now than those of Zook and Kelly. Tho Confederate lines in our rear did not extend lur onough to covor ihe two first, but Kelly and aook wero completely eur roundod, and the only way out of the trap was to pass down between the two robel linos, so the two brigades started on a double-quick firing as they ran toward Little Round lop, the only oponing through which we could escape. THROUGH AN ALLEY OF DEATH. Passing thronch this alloy of death, whoro the bullets camo thick as hail, we cot awav with a large part ol the division, out tne loss was lorriuie. iu tho ha f hour that we were undor lire fourteen hundred men were lost. Of the four brigado commanders, two woro killed General 8. H. Zook and Colonel K. E. Cross. Cross fell almoet at the first fire and Zook a fow minutes altorward. On the morning ot that duy, Goneral Hancock said to Colonol Cross: "This is tho last time you will fight as a Colonel ; to day will mako you t Brigadier Gonoral." Cross an sworud firmly and sadly, as though he felt suro ol what he said : "No.; it is loo lato, General, 1 will nover wear the star. To-day I shall be killed." Just after Zook fell, Colonel- Richard 1. Roborts. who succeeded to the com mand jf tbe brigado, was shot through lho heart Ho was a gallant and much beloved officer, and he left a sick bed when 'bo heard of Loo moving into Pennsylvania, and weak and emaciated, he found bis regiment only two days beforo ho was killed, home or the men who fell in the whoal field during the retreat of this division, and woro forced to he thore betweon tho two fires, fared badly. One man of my regiment loll shot through the log, and while bo lay thore was hit fivo or six times. When it becamo evident that we had to full back, our wounded, with visions of Andersonvillo and Libby belore Ihom, bogged piloously to be takon along many ol them keeping wilb us, wholly unaided. Sergeant Thomas Grey was shot through tbo stomach and, witb entrails protruding, managed lo drag himsolf along and succeeded in escap ing witb us. It was now gelling late; the sun was ncaring tho horizon, but the bat tle of the day was not yet ended. Tbe wheat fiold was to have more victims. As Caldwell retired, Ayers came np aud went in with bis Regulars anothor effort to gain the wooded crest tbat extendod from l.iltie jtouna i op to ward the peach orchard. As he ad vanced he must had struck she flank of tho Confederate that bad but a short lime before poured destruction into the rear of Caldwell's division. Avon doublod them up, driving everything betoro him to somewhere noar the point Irom whonce wo had just been drivon. Thon McCandloaa took np the fight and. with the Pennsylvania lie servos, succeeded in gaining and bold ingsome of tho lost ground. 1 ho nglil ing at this point, during the evening of July id, wasotamost sanguinary character, each aide naming witn dreadful earnestness. Four or fivo of our best divisions had charged over the samo spot and wore met overy timo by the choice troops of the enemy both determined to hold the ridge in front of lbs wheat fiold. Gen. ltulord save of ths first day' fight : "There seems to bo no directing hoad. "This front of tbe wheat field. Gen. Ruford aavs of the first days fight : "There seems to be no directing bead." This might be applied to the fighting of tho left on the second day. it there was any directing bead it was not especially visible. Until towaid dark the fight had certainly gene against us, and tbo battle had oxlended along tho line, to tbe right, almost half way to the cometery. The evening and our pros pects grew dark torrother. ThTbird NEW corps bad been driven back, broken and shattered, Its commander wounded and carried from tbe field, the troops that bad gone to its support fared no bettor, and evory man felt that tlio situation was grave. HANCOCK TO TUE RESCUE, However, all was not yet lost Meade had again thought of Hancock, and as yestorday be sent him to stop tho rout ot tbe nrst and lilovonlb corps, so to day be ordors him to assume command on the loft. Onco more he is in tho fight. A half hour of daylight yet re mains, but it it long enough to enable him to rally some of our scattered troopa face them onco moro to tho front,gather roinforcemenls,drive back tbe enemy, and restore our broken lines. At Waterloo, Wellington poti tionod to God for "night or Blucher." At Gottysburg, on this evoning, wc hud no Biuchcr to pray for. Our whole force was up ; but, while omitting the lost part of the Englishman's proyor, we had overy reason to adopt tlo first portion. At the fight was closing upon tue leu oi our army, I'.well was sink ing a terntio and successful blow on the right. We rcformod our division on tho Taneytown road, and aftor the rougb handling we bad received had some dimculty in goltini; things in shape. As we were thus occupied, away lo the right and rear wo heard the yells of tho Louisiana Tigers ns thoy rushed over our work at Culp't hill. This was the most anxious hour of all in the groat battlo. We had boon driven on the left and on the right the reus oau onectou a lodgment in our works, ono ol onr strongest nositions. and woro, in fact, in our roar, without any adequate lorce to oppose them. Another hour ot daylight, and unless some, miracle had intervened wo would most likely have left Getty-sbum with out waiting to bid tbe inhabitants good ovening. lint fortunately lor us there was no Joshua around Lees head quarters, so lho sun wont down on almanac time, utterly regardless ot the little troubles that we were trying to soltle. Darkness fell upon the scene and prevented the Johnnies from tuk- ng further advantage of thoir success. giving ns a chanco to repair onr dis asters. Few of ut slept during this niirht. Our division wont back and was put in position on CJemotory Ridgo by Gen oral Hancock, who all the night long labored to strengthen this lino. The mon gathered rocks and tonco rails and used them to erect a light brenstwork. Had tbe necessary tools boon distribu tod to the troops we could have en trenched this line and made it formid able, but we could not find a pick or a shovel, and the works that wo did attempt were very light, eoarcely suf ncient to stay a musket ball. During the whole night mounted officers gal loped to and fro, and troops were hur ried to important point. At the first faint gray ot tho morning of July 3d, the fight resumed on Culn's hill, where darkness had interrupted it tbe night oeiore, ana irom then until long alter Uml tvfofi4l!oSvWMat3o?urualU& trying to drive tbe Johnnies out of our works, which they bad slept in and occupied without invitation tho night beforo. Gulps bill was about a mile from whore we lay, and we could hoar the choorsof Goaiy't men, which came to us on tho morning air, mingled witb some rebel bullets, which had missed the mark tor which tboy were intend ed and, almost spont, went singing over our heads. As tho day advauced soundB of tho artillery mingled witb the musketry, and we knew that a bard tight was in progress. Tbe men of our lino almost held tbeir breath witb anxiety. About 9 o'clock tbe firing suddonly ceased. A tremendous cheer went up, and a minute later every man in tbe army knew that we wore again In possession ot Uulp I hill. Then came a fow hours of peace, a perfect calm. From Cemetery hill to Round Top not a movement had boen obsorved or a shot fired all the morning. ON HIMINART ItlDUE. About noon we could soe considera ble activity along Seminary Ridge. Battery after battery appeared along tbe edge ot the woods. Guns wore unlimuored, placod in position anu the horses taken lo the rear. On our sido, officers sat around in groups, and through field-glasses, anxiously watch ed tiiese movemonts in our front and wondered what it all meant. Shortly after 1 o'clock, howovor, wo know all about it. The headquarter wagons had just come up and General Gibbons had invited Hancock and staff to par take of some lunch. Tbo bread that was handed around if it over was eaten was consuraod without butter, for as tho orderly was passing the lat ter article to the gontlcmon, a shell from Seminary Ridge cut him in two. lnttaolly the air ma nlled with nursl ing shells ; tbe batteries tbat we bad boen watching for the last two hours going into position in our front did not open singly or spasmodically. The whole hundred ana twenty guns, which now began to play upon us, seemed to be discharged simultane ously, as though by electricity. And then lor noarly two Hours '.no storm of death wont on. 1 have road many accounts of this sitillery duel, but the most graphic description nylhemosi nfile writers fait far short of the reality. No tongue or u.n can find language strong enough to convey an idea of it awfulness. .Streams of screaming pro jectiles poured through the hot air, railing and bursting everywhoro. men and horses were torn limb from limb; caissons exploded one after another in rapid succession, blowing tbe gunners to pieces no spot wimin our line was free from this frichtlul iron rain. The infantry hugged closo to the earth and sought every slight shelter that our light earthwork! allordod. It was literally a storm of shot and shell that the oldest soldier there those who bad taken part in almost every battle of the war had not yet wit nessed. That awlul rushing sound if the flying missiles, which causes the firmest heart to quail, ia everywhere. At this tumultuous moment wo wit ness a deed of heroism euch as wo aro ant to attribute only to the nights ol olden lime. Hancock, mounted and accompanied bv bis staff, Maj. Mitchell, Capt Harry Bingham, Cspt. Isaac Parker and Capt f.. 1', Jironson, witn tho corps flag flying in the hands of a brave Irishman, Private James Wells, of the Sixth New York Cavalry, start ed at the riirht ol the line, whore it joint the Taneytown road, and slowly rodo a ona- the icrriuie crest to tuo ex treme loll of hit position, while shot and shell roared and crashed around bim, and every moment tore great gaps in the ranks at bit tide. ".stormed at Witt .kit and ihell Boldly they rede, sat well.' It was a gallant deed and withal not a rockloas exposure ot life, for tho presence and calm demeanor of the Commander as he passed through tho lines of bit men set tbem an example which an hour latter bore good fruit TEBMS'-tS per annam in Advance, SERIES - V0L 21, NO. 29, and nerved their stout hearts to win tho greatest and most decisive battle every fought on this Continent. For an hour after tho firing began our bat teriot replied vigorously and then eoasod altogether, but tbe rebel shells came as numerous as ever, Then, for ovor a hall hour, not a soul was seen stiring on our lino we might have been an army of dead mon fur all the evidence ot Itle visible, nuddfiily the enemy stopped thiir lire, which hud been going uu for nearly two hours without intermission, and then the long iiues oi tuoir inluntry eighteen thou sand strong omorgod from tho woods and began their advance. At this moment silence roiirned along our wholo lino. With arms at a "right shoulder shift, lho divisions ol ljongstreoia corps movod lorward witn a precision that was wondorlullv beautiful. It is now our turn and the lines that a tow moments before seemed still now teemed witb animation Eighty ol our guns ononcd their brazen mouths: solid shot and shells are sent on their errand of destruction in quiok succession. We see them fall in countless numbors among the ad vancing troops. Tho accuracy of our firo could not be excelled ; the missiles strike right In the ranks, tearing and rending them in every direction. Tho ground over which they pass is strewn with dead and wounded. Butonlhey coma. Tbe gaps in tbo ranks are closed as soon as made. Thoy have three quarters of a mile lo march, ex posed to our firo, and half the distance is noarly passed. Our gunnors now loutr with canister and tbe effect is ap palling; out still they march on. Their gallantry is past all praiso it is sublime. Now thoy aro within a hun dred yards. Our infantry rise up and pour round after round into those heroic troops. THE GALLANT MEN OP THE SOUTH. At Waterloo the Old Guard recoiled before a lees severe fire. Jiut there was no recoil in these mon of the South they marched right on as though they courted death. Theycon contrule in great numbers and strike on the most advanced purl of our lino. ineorasb ol the musketry and the cheers of the men blend togother. Tbe Philadelphia brigado ocentiies this point. They nro fighting on their own Stale, and in lho bloody hand-to-band engagement w hich ensues, the Con federates, though fighting with dospcr ate valor, find it impossible to dislodge them they aro rooted to tbo ground. Seeing how uttorlv hopeless further effort would be and knowing tho im- possioiily ot reaching their lines should they attempt to retreat, large iiuniners oi mo roDois lay down their arms and the battle is won. To the loft of the Philadelphia brie-ado we did not get to such closo quarters. Sooing tho utter annihilation of Pick ett's troops, the division of Wilcox and others on their rii:ht wont to piecos almost before thoy got in muskot range. A tew here and thoro ran away and triod to regain thoir linos, as prisoners. AT tBe" taf fist critical moment Hancock fell, among biB men, on the line ol olannard t V er mont brigado, dosperatoly wounded, but be continued to direct the light until victory was secured, and then he sent Major Mitchell to announce the glad tidings to the Commander of the army. Said ho: "Tell Gonoral Meade that the troops under my command hare repulsed the assault ol tho enemy, wno are now uymg in an uirecuuusiu my Iront." "Say to Genoral Hancock," said Meado, in reply, "I regret exceed ingly that bo is wounded, and that I thank him for lho country and myself for the services be bas rendored to day." Truly, the country may thank General Hancock, as Congress after ward did, for his great service on that field. Five thousand prisoners wore sent to the rear, and we gathered up thirty- throe regimental standards in front of tho Socond corps. The remaining hours of daylight during this day were oc cupied in caring tor the woundou, looking over the field and talking over the incidents ot tbo light. Many nooie officers and men wero lost on bolh sides, and in camp hospitals thoy died n hundreds during the altornoon ana night Tbo rebel General Armistcad died in this way. As ho was being carried to tho rear be was met by Captain Harry Bingham, of Hancock't star), who, getting on nis norso, asueu bim it he could do anything lor him. Armistcad requested him to tako bis watch and spurs to Gcnorul Hancock tbat they might be tent to bis rela tives. 11 is wishes were complied wilb, General Hancock sending them to his fiends the nrst opportunity. Armi Blcad was a bravo soldier, with a most chivalric prosenco, and came forward in Iront ot bit baigade, waving ins sword. He was shot through the body and fell inside our lines. Some ol the wounded rebels showed considerable animosity toward our men. One of them, w ho lay mortally wounded in front of the Sixty ninth Pennsylvania, sullenly refused to be taken to tho hospilal, Buying that be wanted lo die right thcro on the Held wncro no leu. The scene after Longstrcot's chnrge was indescribable In front ot tbe Philadelphia brigado lho dead lay in great heaps. Dismounted guns, ruins of exploded caissons, dead and muti lated men and horses wore pueu up together in overy direction SCENES ON THE BATTLE FIELD. The Colonel of one of Pickett's regi ments lay doad, his armt clasping the body ol nis brother, wno was major oi his regiment They wero singularly handsomo men, and greatly resembled each other. Out tin tbe field where LoiiL'streot's corps had passed thou sands of wounded were lying. We had no meant ol reaching those poor fel lows, and many of them lay thore bo- twocn the lines until the morning ol the 5th. On tho-4th we lay quietly all day awaiting the next event. Tho enemy could be socn moving around on Semi nary Ridgo. Welcome supplies came up and wero issued. All hands felt cheerful, but a degree ot uncertainty as to whelhor lho battle wat ovor or whether tbo rehs wore getting ready for some now movement provonlod ns from celebrating Ihe National Anniver sary in a proper manor. Once in a awhile the sharpshooters would try their skill on somo of our people to lot us know they wore still there. The strunch from tho dead bocame Intoler able, and we tried to escape It bv diir- ?;ing up tbe ground and burying our aces in the fresh earth. On the morn ing of the&th,we found that the enemy had gone, and then what a scone I 1 think tbe iact was first discovered by the troops on Culp't bill, and oh, what a choer went up I a cboer tbat swelled into a roar and was taken up by the boya on Cemetery bill, rolled along tho crest lo Itound lop and back again, Cheers for the Philadelphia brigade that stood a living wall, against which the hosts beat in Tain. Cheers for Meado, tbe soldier "without foar or re proach,'' who bore bogan, with great victory, bit Illustrious career at oota mander of the Army of ths Potomac, Cheers lor Hancock, who had stemmed the tide of defeat on the fiit day and selected ths ground on which thit glorious victory was achieved, who on the second day had again stopped the tide of rebel victory aod restored our shattered linos, and on the third day had mot and repulsod tbe final assault 3n which Lee's all was staked, and won the battle that was really ths death-blow to the rebellion. A nd then we gathered np with tender oare and contignod lo earth our nobis dead. ' Wbes will Ib.lr glory fade IndeeJ, thoy have not died in" vain. The good they have accomplished will live forever. History will record in glowing words Iheir heroic deeds and glorious death. Long aftor tbo graniteof their mon uments have crumbled into dust ; eves when the name of the battle shall hav been forgotten, the Union and the blessings of civil liberty, which they died to perpetuate, shall reign through out the land. EDUCATIONAL. BY M. L. McyUOWN. Keep the neonle no.ud wdo. tk. valae af letelllgenee e.er flee nas Igaeraaee,' I.telll geet people are law-abiding produce mere the. tbey ooo.ome they enrleb, and beautify, aad build ap, aad elroulate eaosay, aod areata direni ed Induitry, which giree employment lo people. Intelligeoee payi." EDVCA TIONAL MEETINGS. . ; FIRST WEEK. The educational meetings to be held n connection witb the examination of teachers for tho current year, will be announced Irom time to time in thit col umn. The object of thete meetings ia. 1st. To talk to the parent of the children regarding tbeir duty to tbe public schools. 2d. lo make suggestions to teachers nd Directors upon such subjects as seem tn require immediate attention. nd. lo instruct tbe pupils who are attonding our schools in regard to their importance as a laetor in school work. 4th. To meet the Directors, teachers. parent and pupils in an official capacity, and exchange views with tbem upon the great educational problems of tbe day. 1 hose meetings will be beld tbe first week of the tour, as follows : At Kylertown, Tuesday evening. August 10th, in ths Presbyterian hurch. Speakers, Rev. K. V. Fores- man, W. 11. Lingonfuller, Secretary of School Board, G. W. Emigh and M. L. McQuown. At Centre Hill school house, in Graham township, Wednesday evening, August li. npeakera, ti. w. l-.migb, Wilbur F. Dale, D. B. Schoonover, Secretary of the School Board, and M. Mei;uown. At Centre school house, iu Hoggs township, August 12th, at 3 o'clock P. M. Speakers, Enoch McLarren, Sec retary of School Hoard, A. R. Lambert Rev. W. R. Whitney and M. L. Mo- uown. For Lawrence and ClearGeld borough, Leonard school building, August 13th, at 4 o'clock P. M. A number of persons will bo present to speak at thit ppointmont. We hope all the teachers will ar range to bo prosent at these meetings. It is hoped that those living in the communities wbere these meetings are to be held, will make due arrange ments for light, muBic, eta The an nouncements tor the second week of the examination tour will be made next week. Parent and Directors are especially invited to be present at theso meetings. No one can be admitted to tbe class after the examination bas began. Teachers will be expected to enter the class the first examination they attend. Each applicant for a certificate will be required to write a Thesis upon some subject relative to the Theory and Practice ol teaching. A Directors, meeting will be held each afternoon, at which time 1 will moot tho Directors privately, to con sult with tbem on such subjects as may be presented, pertaining to the school wore, oi voo uisiricu - Each teacher should prepare a speci- men of his or her penmanship, oooeint ing of about six lines ol poetry, and the small and capital letters, previous to the day of examination, the same to be presented witn the specimen re quired at the examination room. A cloudless sky never produces a good harvest. Ask two questions out of the book for overy one you ask irom it . An ability and an opportunity to do good ought to be considered at a raft to do It Cecil. G. W. Emigh will continue tbe Ky lertown Select School, lor a term ol two months. Edward Farrol fills the place of Ed ward Bloom, on the Penn township School Board. Tbo Directors of Penn township have let the contract for building their new school bouse to Mr. Daniel Sbarpe, for six hundred dollars. In most quarrels there is a fault on both sides. A quarrel may be cow pared to spark, which caanot be pro duced without a flint as well as steel. Cotton. The art of leaching consist In the skillful application ofrolos and methods, deducod from science and from intelli gent observation and experiment John Sirtet. ' " ' Tbe closing exercises of the Lumber City Academy wore well attended, and the entire programme wa diKswd of in a manner creditable to that popular ' institution. , .- W. 8. Lutherwf Brady,.at4 VK.& ' K rotter, of Covicgton. represebtiaif tho teacher profession, are looking tbe nomination lor the otnet of. JMtjuv ter and Recorder. .,.-..-, a . ; Those two things contradictory a they may seem, must go together manly dependence and manly inde pendence, manly reliance and manly self reliance. ii'adsicarth. ' Tbe reports of Knox, Chest and Woodward, are still In theoattodv of the Directors of these district!. They should havo been filed In the Stat De partment ere thit. But if tbeae dis tricts are not anxlouiabouttbeirState appropriationthere it nothing els can result seriouely from the long delay. Whon we limit the processes of edu cation to the mere repetition of words, we burden tbe retentive laculuet with a lot of cumbersome trash that can ncvor be ol any use, aad that virtually weakens and distorts the mind. Tbe committing to memory of words at mere sounds, without any meaning at tached to tbem, it absurd ; nay, bar barous I We know that it is eteimed by some that words so oomhutttd may be retained for future use. But we appeal to the experience of every on, who hat been educated ia this way, to refer to the time when he was taught lo crowd bis memory witb words wbicb he did not andentand, or whoso meaning be em id not oompre hend, and he will be convinced of how few of the words he ran ns.