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■Whole No. 2473.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.' O\L DOLLAR PER AWI.R, IK ADVAKOC. For six months, 75 cents. -r s\ll NEW subscriptions must be paid in the first month, $1,25 will be charg ! if not paid in three months, $1,50; if not V ir. six months, $1,75; and if not paid in CiotoS'-MW- , til papers addressed to persons out of the ,!„ty will he discontinued at the expiration of time ps'd f° r > u"' ess special request is made /he contrary or payment guaranteed by some Loosible person here. ADVERTISING. fen lines of minion, or their equivalent, con tute a square. Three insertions sl, and 25 'jfor each subsequent insertion. West Branch Insurance Co. OF LOCK HAVE*, PA., VSURES Detached Buildings, Stores. Mer chandise, Farm Property, and other Build , and their contents, at moderate rates. DIRECTORS. uo John J. Pearce, Hon. G. C. Harvey, 4 nß.Hall, T. T. Abrams, a rlcs A. Mayer, D. K. Jackman, fjrles Crist, W.White, iter Dickinson, Thos. Kitchen. Hon. G. C. HARVEY, Pres. T. T. ABRAMS, Vice Pres. kitchen, Sec'y. REFERF-NCES. Uriel H, Lloyd, Thos. Bowman, D. D. [. VVinegardner, Wm, Vanderbelt, A Mackey. Wm. Fearon, White, Br. J. S. Crawford, ge*Quiggle, A. Updegraff, ii W. Maynard, James Armstrong, (O.Simon Cameron, Hon. Wm. Bigler. t|=Agent for Mifflin county, G. W. STEW it Esq. ap23 iniiity from Loss and Damage by Fire, Idlit Perils of Marine and Inland Transportation. CONTINENTAL INSURANCE COMPANY. vrporated by the Legislature of Pennsylca nia, with a Perpetual Charter. Authorized Capital, $1,000,000. Otf So. 61 Walnut St. above Second, Phila. lire Insurance on Buildings, Furniture, Mer tdise, &c., generally. Marine Insurance Cargoes and Freights to all parts of the irid. inland Insurance on Goods, &c., by its, Rivers, Canals, and Land Carriages, to jarts of the Union, on the most favorable ■a;, consistent with security. DIRECTORS. rje W. Colladay, William Bowers, ij.il. Coleman, Joseph Oat, .in V. Machelte, Howard Hinchman, GEORGE VV. COLLADAY, President. GILEK WILSON, Secretary, tr*Agent for Mifflin county, Wm. P. EL ijTT, Esq. febl9-ly INDEMNITY AGAINST LOSS BY FIBE. ranklin Fire Insurance Compa ny of Philadelphia. [ c 435 and 437 Chestnut street, near Fifth. TAT EM EXT OF ASSETS, January 1, 1858, published agreeably to an act of Assembly, a?— __ __ I m Mortgages, amply secured, $1,596,825 19 iil Estate, (present value SIOO,- iUO.) cost, 74,280 93 mporary Loans, on ample Col steral Securities, 101,088 17 etks, (pres't val. $76,964 22) cost 71,547 97 and Bills Receivable, 4.30" 00 sh, ' 40,855 48 $1,888,904 74 ftrpetual or I/uniled Insurances made on every xription of property, in Town and Country. lies as low as are consistent with security. Since their incorporation, a period of twenty nt years, they have paid over Four Millions bollarv losses by fire, thereby affording ev ■ ice of the advantages of Insurance, as well 'M ability and disposition to meet with "'aptnessall liabilities. Losses by Fire, paid during the year 1857, $203,789 4 DIRECTORS. its. .V Uancker, 1 Mordccai D. Lewis, •bias lV'agner, I David S. Brown, ffiuel Grant, j Isaac Lea, eos ft. Smith, 1 Edward C. Dale, K W. Richards, t George Fales. CHARLES N. BANCKER, President. *. A. STEEL, Sec'y pro tern. Ir*Agent for Mifflin county, H. J. WAL- HiS, Esq., Lcwistown. fcb2s IT37T &RCOBR.T, 107ISION AND FISH STORE. HE subscriber has opened a Grocery, Pro 'ision and Fish Store opposite Major Eisen ' ilotel, where he has just received a fine ftnent of fiesh jFamflg grrocerfrs, which may be found fine Coffee, Sugar, is, Molasses, Syrups, Cheese, Crackers, Ham, Shoulder, Fine Ashton and Dairy Tobacco, Segars, Soap, &c. ! ':o, Brooms, Tubs, Buckets, Baskets, and a assortment of Willow-ware, which he J* for cash very cheap. *'ll pay Cash for Butter, Lard, Potatoes, 60, &.C. •".see prices, and judge for yourselves. JAMES IRWIN. CHEAP GOODS AGAIN! : *£ undersigned having purchased the t stock of goods of Samuel Comfort, con of all kinds of DRY GOODS, suitable Gentlemen and Children, Grocer ' wentware, Readymade Clothing, &c., ' filing off the entire stock A.T COST ! -At out the establishment. Persons wish t buy CHEAP will do well to give us a ~ :°untry dealers wanting goods to keep ir assortment will do well to examine we will sell at Philadelphia prices. • Country Produce, at market prices, • in exchange for goods. G. W. SOULT, 11. 11. COMFORT. k*tow n , J un e 10, 1858. j ' ! ghts best Window Sash, from 8x ' 1)1 'i for 4ale very low. FKANCIBCUB jmnsssnaiß) ass® tPWEansarcaiS) are ®ib@3b®i2 ira'srsiiwasass msmammja 9 wzwi?mss mmswzs s>^ o aaa maDsviiib. GOOD NEWS FROM HOME. • Good news from home, good news for me, Has come across the deep blue sea, Fiotn friends that I have left In tears. From friends that I've not seen for years; And since we parted, long ago. My life has been a scene of wo, — llut now a Joyftil hour has come, For I have heard good news from home. Good news from home, 4c. No father's near to guide mc now. No mother's tear to soothe my brow. No sister's voice falls on my ear. No brother's smile to give me cheer; Jlut though I wander far away, My heart Is full of Joy to-day, For friends (across the ocean's foam,) Have sent to me good news from home. Good news from home, 4c. When shall I see that cottage door. Where I've spent years of Joy before? Twns then I knew no grief or care. My heart was always happy there. Though I may never see It more. Nor stand upon my native shore. Where'er on earth I'm doomed to roam. My heart will be with those at home. Good news from home, 4c. O! CARRY ME HOME TO DIE: BY CAKRII CARLTON. O! carry me hack to my childhood's home. Where the ocean surges roar; Where Its billows dash on a rock-bouud coast, And moan foreverinore. I'm pining away In a stranger's land, lleneath a stranger's eve— O, carry me home—O, carry me home— O, carry me home to die! I sigh lu vain for my native hills— Their sweet and balmy air Would wafl away from my youthful brow Each truce of gloomy care. I sigh to breathe the air of home. To gate on its starry sky— O, carry me home—O, carry me home— O, carry me home to die! I long to see my mother again. And hear her sweetly say, "Come, weary dove, here is thy rest. Then fold thy wings away." Twouhi ease my pain to hear her voice. When death had darkened my eye— 0, carry me home—O, carry me home— O, carry me home to die! Then let me rest In a peaceful grave. Beside the loved and dead; For the quiet earth Is the only place To rest this weary bead. ] would sweetly sleep If you burled me there. Beneath New England's sky O, carry me home—o, carry me home— O, carry me home to die! iiatni&iitia. AN ADDRESS DELIVERED BY PROF. GEORGE F. M'VAKLAND, At the opening of the present session of the Freeburg Academy. RESPECTED FRIENDS: —Heretofore it has been the custom to invite able and el oquent men from abroad to address you at the commencement of each Session. This was especially the case at opening of the last two sessions, at the first of which our esteemed and very talented friend, the Rev. S. Homer, of Selinsgrovc, entertained his audience so well, that at the request of ma ny of them, a copy of his address was pro- Cured for publication —a fitting tribute to its worth. On the occasion of our last commence ment, our no less esteemed and eloquent friend, Rev. 0. Z. Wciser, then of the same place, favored a delighted audience with one of the most able productions. — Upon this occasion, however, you will not be thus entertained. No one has been pro cured to address you, and consequently the duty devolves upon us, though doubtless no less to your regret than ours. In the discharge of this duty our re marks shall be brief and practical, and di rected particularly to the three great clas ses directly interested in the success of all institutions of learning, viz:—Students, Parents, and friends of Education. You Students, the first class, are espe cially interested in the commencement of a new session. \ acation has come and cone again, and the melodious notes of the I© © / Bell, so conspicuously suspended in the cu pola above our heads, again calls you to your studies, after having allowed ample time for amusement and recreation. Among you, we, your teachers, recognize familiar faces and with pleasure extend you a sincere and affectionate welcome, while we still cherish in our memory those whose seats are occupied by strangers, re gretting the vicissitudes of fortune which thus compel us to separate from them. Many deep emotions arise in the heart of the faithful and consciencious teacher, upon such occasions, and instinctively do we pledge ourselves to labor more diligently, and through past experience, we trust, more ably for you students, than ever. No stone shall remain unturned, or duty unperformed, calculated to advance my dear young friends, in the delightful paths of learning, rectitude and honor. Day af ter day will we labor cheerfully and faith fully, to remove all obstructions from these THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 1858. paths, or assist you to surmount them. But to enable us to succeed in doing this, certain duties devolve upon you. }Ve can not succeed in promoting your advancement, without corresponding efforts on your part; and at the beginningof this, another session, it behooves you to consider carefully what those efforts are. Let us then enumerate a few of them. First. —Your first effort will be to ascer tain what your object in going to school is. Here many, very many students fail. How few indeed, have a clear idea of their ob ject in attending school! Some go because their parents desire it; others because their position demands it, or it is fashionable, and others again because they have no particu lar employment for a few months, and think their time better thus occupied than else where. Most, if not all, such students fail to sat isfy either themselves or their friends. To show the cause of this failure, it is only necessary to state the well established fact that to succeed in obtaining a sound and comprehensive mental, moral, and physi cal education, the student must unreserved ly throw his whole mind and soul into his efforts to pursue it. Home, company pleas ure and loved ones must all be sacrificed for it. Self denial must be the student's daily companion. Weary hours of toil must engage him, while others are enjoy ing the real and imaginary pleasures of life, or else he never will reach the top of the hill upon which his aching eyes have been fixed. Let us turn to the light and trivial stu dents of whom we arc speaking, and ask, will they make all these sacrifices ? With out a definite object in view, can they give up all things to obtain it? They cannot, they do not, and this is the cause of their failure. Never will they drink deep from the pure fount of knowledge. " Shallow draughts" must ever satisfy them, and they must be content to wander about the base of that mount, upon the top of which their more noble brethren may be seen resting their weary limbs, and basking in the sun shine of royal favor. Ilut a few of another class, who have ex amined carefully themselves and their fel low creatures, have discovered that the mind, heart and body need careful, syste matic and continued training and cultiva tion. These having ascertained what they want, | and having counted the cost, go to work with a self-sacrificing spirit, a will and an energy that carry them through every dif ficulty, over every opposing obstacle. — While the former are spending their time in vain wishes for hotter opportunities, the latter are using those they have. While the one class is running from school to school in search of better teachers, more costly apparatus and cramming processes for rapidly filling their empty heads; the oth er is making use of the teachers and appa ratus within their reach as helps , and slow ly but surely filling their rapidly develop ing minds and hearts with the products of their own silent toil. And to conclude the contrast, when the first class shall have been forgotten, or passed from this stage of ac tion into utter oblivion, the last will be the dazzling stars upon which the world will love to gaze, or having been peacefully gathered to their final resting place, will leave their praises to be sung bj r "millions yet unborn." And now let me ask, to which of these classes do you, my young friends whom I am addressing, belong ? Time can tell. Second effort. —The student having as certained his objects in going to school, and having with a self-sacrificing spirit thrown his entire energies into his efforts to obtain those objects, in the second place, needs continual efforts to guard himself from the many enemies by which he is surrounded. The battle once begun, must never be re laxed until victory perches upon his ban ners. Ignorance is a powerful enemy and will fight you with many weapons, and those well suited to overcome every means of defence. The active and rapid student will be attacked by fatigue and exhaustion; : the inactive and slow by sloth and short l sightedncss; the daring and able by flatte |ry and self-examination; the timid and i weak by danger and despair. Thus will every class of studants be met by the weapons most powerful against his particular case, rendering it impossible for any class to succeed, except the industri ous, vigilant and persevering. Let me re- peat it: The industrious, vigilant and per severing student alone will succeed —in- dustrious to perform the great amount of labor in the way; vigilant to guard away all the enemies or weapons of ignorance enumerated, and many more; and perscvc ing to struggle on unyieldingly until the battle is won. Students, do you possess these three qual ities ? Are you cultivating your industry, vigilance and perseverance ? If you are, it is well; if you are not, let me urge you to do so—as a friend let me urge you again to do so. They will smooth your rugged path, they will carry you on at all times, they will enable you to combat the greatest difficulties, and bring you off more than conquerors. The student possessing these will not disobey his teacher, he will not growl at him for exacting compliance to his rules, or neglecting to do so; he will not expect him to clear his pathway of ev ery obstruction, he will not teaze him to do for him what he should do for himself; he will not fret and scold at his teacher and schoolmates, and he will not blame them if he does not improve. Are these traits of character valuable, students ? Would you not like to possess tlieni ? Cultivate them and you can do so. The session we are now about commencing will tell who try to posvsess them and who do not. We shall see. And at its close, your certificates of scholarship and standing will enable you And your parents and friends to see also. And remember, from the worthy and suc cessful the reward will not be withheld. And now parents, I wish to address my self briefly to you. The students, whom I have been addressing are dependent upon parents, not only for opportunities to edu cate themselves, but also for every assistance necessary to overcome the innumerable difficulties continually surrounding the path way. The student may be willing, the teacher may be good, and yet the scholar may not make progress in aequiriug valua able knowledge, unless the parent also does his duty. Do we not wish to do our duty to our children, says one? Certainly you Jo—l reply, and so dues every parent; but very often neither you nor they do it; and of what advantage are empty wishes to them ? Here the question arises, why, and in what particular do parents not do their duty to their children. I will name a few. Want of time prevents parents from guarding carefully the health and morals of the young child. The mother is busied with others, or with household duties, and the father is absent at his work, so that the habits of the child are formed, or its thou sand ingenious questions are either answer ed by an ignorant, careless hireling, or both are unattended to. When the child goes to school, want of time or disposition, fatigue or ignorance, kees parents from helping or even encouraging it. As it learns to play and seeks mates, it is not instructed or not cared for; when it does wrong, it is sometimes punished in a passion without understanding its crime, or not at all. His idle tales, picked up upon the streets, are believed or made fun of, according to hu mor ; one day, one week, or one quarter, it is sent to school, the next it is kept at home; fathers set about public places, furn ishing it a bad example, while tliey should be instructing it, Ac., to the end of the chapter. Children thus trained, cannot always make good students; indeed it is suqirising that they ever do. How important for parents, who see what difficulties and dangers beset the path of youth, to carefully guide them, or if unable place them under the guidance of those known to be able to do so. How watchful should they he of their intellect, morals and health. And what can be thought of that parent who neglects these important duties, who will not labor hard, to furnish his children with the means of an educa tion ; especially he who will not do so through stiuginess and meanness, when his Hevenly Father has blessed him with abun dance of this world's goods which he soon must leave? Fathers, attend better to the present and future welfare of your children; care for them, watch over them, educate them, and then they will pay you for do ing so, by doing the same to their chil dren. In the last place, I now turn to friends of education in general. Thero are many duties devolving upon them. Their pn> fessing to be such, makes its enemies watch them closely, and if they stab the cause by treachery and meanness, how its enemies do rejoice! What do we think of a man that is continually talkiny of education; its advantages and blessings; and though he enjoys it himself as an inheritance from his generous parents, yet allows his own children to grow up in ignorance, even if surrounded by the means of education ? Or, of him who professes to be a philan throphist and christian, and yet allows his neighbor to wallow in the miry pool of ig norance and sin. And again, what estimate do we form of that man, who receives his daily bread from those whom he boasts he is laboring to give more expanded intellect and enlight ened understandings, while for sordid gain he exhibits a narrower intellect and more benighted understanding than they? This applies to a class of prowling teachers, who, "like wolves in sheep clothing," scour the country, undermine and belie their fellow teachers, and for " pretext," preach "and make long prayers." It is this class of teachers that so injures and demeans the profession, that honest and capable men leave it in disgust upon the first opportunity. Verily the profession is ruined by its friends who profess to protect it from its enemies. Another class are always friends of edu cation when nothing but talk is needed, but the moment action and means are wanted, their attention is particularly needed in another direction. Such men injure the cause and its friends—the cause by withholding their support, and its friends by creeping among them, influencing their councils, and then parallizing their efforts by withdrawing when they are depended upon. Young men growing up in ignor ance and sin, find a very windy friend in such men ; but when they should take them by the hand, kindly furnish the means of education, and reformation, they slip off upon some flimsy pretext of unworthinees, when perhaps there is a truer heart and more worth beneath thou rough exteriors, than ever was under their own fine feath ers. Such friends of education are a curse to the cause, and the sooner it is rid of them the better for it. There are, however, those of a different character who are real friends, who aid in advancing its interests with their influence and means, and who stand by it in adversity as well as in pros perity. And now let me ask you, whom I am addressing, to which of these classes do you belong ? Do you belong to those who, hav ing received an education from the parents deny it to their children ? Or to that philanthropic class who leave their neigh bor perish because they have shown the want of a good education by doing wrong? Or to those educators (excuse the sacrilege) who should close their sermons with, "do as I say, not as I do." Or to that noisy windy class, who eloquently defend the cause, but fail as soon as means and action are needed ? Or finally, do you belong to that more noble class who stand by the cause in adversity as well as prosperity, who talk and labor for, and contribute to its advancement, and who form the real hack hone of its support ? Though a few may belong to some of the first, let me hope that the greater number belongs to this latter class, and that they will persevere in their efforts to advance that cause, which has for its objects the amelioration of the condition of mankind, and the advancement of true christian morals. I have now noticed the three classes first alluded to, and will leave the subject to your own careful consideration, with the earnest hope that through this session, all three may cordially unite in the faithful discharge of the various duties devolving upon them, and thus secure unexampled success in the prosecution of the cause in which we are all engaged. GARDENING OPERATIONS. — Addressed to Ladies. —Make up your bids early in the morning; sow buttons on your husband's shirts; do not rake up any grievances; pro tect the young and tender branches of your family; plant a smile of good temper in your face, and take care to root out all angry feelings, and you may expect a good crop of happiness. KgAA new stove has been invented for the comfort of travellers; it is to he put under the feet, with a mustard plaster on the head, which draws the heat through the whole system. New Series—Vol. 111, No. 41. A COURAGEOUS WOMAN. The following account df the Cotiragcous conduet of a voting lady has been commu nicated to a New Jersey paper : A Mr M., whose health was impaired by the climate of the seaboard, was induced to remove from the city of New York to the interior of Illinois, his family consisting of his' wife and three children, the oldest a young lady of seventeen summers, and the young est some three years. Early that spring, a maiden lady, a particular frierid of the family and very much attached to Mrs. M. aud her children, removed foriii NcW York and took up her abode with them. She had not been long in her new home before she was suddenly taken away by death. While Mr. and Mrs. M. were attending the funeral of Miss W., Miss M. was left in charge of the house and the young child, and the room containing the effects of the late Miss. W., which was situated on the second story of the house, was locked by the young lady and the child put to sleep' in an adjoining room, while Miss M. was busying herself with her duties below Some time afterward, Miss M., hearing a noise up stairs, and supposing the child had awoke, proceeded to look after it, but Found it sleeping quietly. With a thought' as quick an electricity, she concluded that some one had entered Miss W.'s room 1 form the outside for the purpose of robbing it. Acting on this theory, she immediate ly went down stairs, procured Her father's double barrelled gun, and returning, open-' cd the door of the room of the late Miss W., when her expectations were fully re-' alized in beholding a stout mart in the very act of appropriating a gold watch and chain, which he had just taken from a trunk of the late Miss W. She ordered Kim tcF lay down the watch, and the fellow, noticing her determined attitude and manner, very, readily complied. She next ordered him 1 to take the money from his pocket, which he had extracted; he denied having taken any, when she gave a more peremptory order, accompanied with suitable movements of a military nature, when he, thinking " discretion the better part of valor," pro duced the money and deposited it with the watch. She then gave him the passage and orders to inarch, which he readily obeyed. Ou the return of her parents, measures were taken (which proved successful) and the fellow, after being caught, was speedily brought to trial, fully identified, convicted, and sentenced to the State Prison, and the Court caused to be presented to the young ; lady a testimonial in the form of a beautiful pin, with a suitable inscription. A short time after this, the same young lady was at home alone as before, and her parents not returning at dark, she took the precaution to fasten the outer door. She had not long done so, when she heard a knock, hut before exposing herself to dan ger, she took precaution to provide the means of defence in the same two barrelled gun as on the former occasion. On carefully opening the door, a strange man presented himself and inquired, " Are you Miss M?" She replied "Yes, what do you want?" He inquired again, " Are you the young lady who had a man sent to State Prison?" She replied " I am." Thou said he, " I am his friend, and have come to put you out of the way," and drawing a long dirk knife was proceeding to enter the door, when she deliberately aimed the gun at him, and told him if he advanced a step he would be a dead man. She immediately noticed that he changed countenance and began to tremble; whereupon she, pursu ing her advantage, ordered him to about face, march, which he very readily obeyed, and as lie was retreating she gave him a parting salute, by discharging one barrel of her trusty companion, which unfortunately only accelerated his retrograde motion. Cane Cider. —The Nashville Homestead says that, besides the excellent syrup and sugar made from the Chinese sugar cane, there is yet another article obtained from it which is of a pleasant taste, and doubt less healthy in its consequences. It is ob tained by putting the expressed juice of cane into any clean wood or glass vessel, al lowing it to stand ten or twelve days, when it assumes the appearance of limpid water and it is fit for use. The flavor is similar to our best cider, and we suppose it might be properly called cane oider. Raise your children right, and they will be grateful in after years.