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. ". 1 LANCASTER DAILY INTELLIGENCE ERlDXYJAlSnJARY 9, 1880. r ' Haucastet liitelltgencer. FRIDAY EVENING, JANUARY 9, 1880. Reviewing the Courts. The Carlisle Volunteer seems te have a queer notion of the proprieties of jour nalism, and .its relations te courts and juries. It is quite shocked at the mod ern tendency of :' a certain class of wri ters te ridicule the jury system and te speak disparagingly of opinions emanat ing from the bench." It should remember that is net the jury system nor the judi ciary, as such, that is criticised, but the tee frequent abuse of them. Everybody knows, who keeps his eyes open, that influences tee often creep into the jury box and determine verdicts which have no business there, and that under the present elective system meusing politi cians crawl upon the bench whose reck less partisanship or incempetency are continually being manifested. When these abuses are certain it is the duty of the honest press te point them out and te score these responsible indeed there is often no ether remedy for the wrong nor any ether means of vindicating the integrity of justice. The boundless power of a judge, which makes him capa ble of the most tremendous and arbitrary abusa of his functions and of yet saving himself from impeachment, renders it absolutely necessary that at times he should be reviewed fearlessly in the newspapers, and this sort of criticism is often only gauged by the high standard of a judiciary which intelligent journal ism would apply. Se, tee, it often happens after jurymen have separated and their action is irreparable that the newspaper discovers their verdict te have been se cured by improper means, and it is its duty te expose the wrong, regardless of the" delusion that " twelve sworn men" " fellow the testimony of the witnesses." The case especially under considera tion by the Volunteer seems te fitly illus 1 rate both sides of the argument. A woman up in its town is under sentence of death for poisoning a neighbor. It admits that " a large majority of this community believe that the evidence in the cascdid netjustifya verdict of guilty and a still larger number did net at any time in the proceedings expect a convic tion." The newspapers which have com mented en the affair have alleged that there was net even adequate proof that the alleged victim died of poisoning, that no evidence of act or motive connected the prisoner with the crime, and that despite an intense popular prejudice against her prier te the alleged crime the jury steed six te six when they went out and were fresh from following the " testimony of the witnesses." These statements have net been contradicted and the IV imlur'x account of the state of local sen timent confirms them and makes news papers " hundreds of miles from the scene ' quite capable of fairly calling a halt when a woman has been tried, con victed, denied a new trial, and sentenced te be hanged, in the face of such doubts as te her guilt as te make " a large ma jority " of the people of the vicinage be lieve the evidence insufficient te convict her and a still larger majority doubted that the six jurymen who thought her innocent would yield te the six who thought her guilty. We assure the Velenti tr that the In TELMOEXfEi: has no interest in the case except by virtue of its general re tention in the case of justice. Our no tice was directed te it by the account of it published by the Herald, and if the facts there given were net correct why de net some of the Carlisle people make a correct statement of them ? If that fair place wants lobe disgraced by hang ing an innocent woman it is chiefly its own concern of course, and yet it cannot expect the rest of the commonwealth te keep silent. Down in Maine. Things will get settled sometime up in the agitated state of Maine, and in accordance tee with its laws and consti tution ; but meanwhile the Republicans are net displaying any very conspicuous talent for taking care of themselves. Since the Legislature has met and the Democrats have obtained full control of the situation, there is a subsistence of the talk about revolution, which seems remarkable in view of the decision of the supreme court that the Democrats are enjoying the Republicans' feast. It must be an exceedingly aggravating sit uation te the abused parly, and one which would excuse a geed deal of bluster. We de net hear it, probably because it is mere prudent te bear the injury patiently and te expect redress from the Demo cratic sense of justice ; which will no doubt in due lime give it te them. By the kindness of Eugene Hale, the Re publican leader, the Democrats were given a quorum of the Legislature,under which they have proceeded te set the machinery of the state in motion ; and, though some people think it was stupid in Mr. Hale thus te aid his enemy, it was in fact the best thing he could de te threw himself upon the mercy of the Democratic party and trust te its mag nanimity for justice. We are bound te say for the constitu tion of Maine that it seems te abound in pitfalls for the unwary politicians and in devices te defeat the popular will. As it is of Republican manufacture and heretofore lias been used against Demo cratic victims it would be expecting tee much of human nature that its effective devices should net be used for the un doing of the authors of them who are new under their harrow. The latest illustration of the peculiarities of the Maine law is found in the embarrass ment encountered by the sixty Republi can colleagues of Mr. Hale in endeavor ing te get into the seats which the gov ernor and council gave them certificates of election te. When they appear a day after the fair for the purpose of being sworn into office, the governor and coun cil before whom the law says that they shall take the oath are them selves out of ellice. The new governor is te be elected by the Legislature and the problem presented te the legal mind of the Maine Republicans is hew te get their representatives into the Legislature in time te vote for a gov ernor, who has te be elected before they can be sworn in. It would seem te be a reasonably hard question te decide, but no doubt the Maine supreme court,which has shown such facility in settling the law te suit the present Repub. lican needs, will have a solution which will le agreeable te Mr. Eugene Hale's colleagues, new se very uncom fortably out in the cold. Rut, as that opinion may he longn-ceniing, the polit ical life of the Republican party in Maine may be badly frost-bitten lxjfere it gets its medicine : which is the fault of the Maine laws, that have always been of a strange sort, past the compre hension of Democratic minds and gen erally devised te abridge the liberty of the jieeple. JIokatie Seymeuij, in the talk from him which we print te-day, confirms the statement that the difficulties in the Democratic party in New Yerk are net nearly se serious as some of our friends fear and all of our enemies hope. Wise councils will prevail there and the party will be solid for the nominee of the na tional convention. PERSONAL. ISismauck is sick again. Secretary Siieiiman's only child is an adopted daughter. It is said that Mr. Blaixk had a violent fit en Wednesday night, brought. en by overwork. Physicians were with him five hours. Chief of Police Themas Davis, for thirty years connected with the Syracuse police, and their chief since the organiza tion of the city, died yesterday. Mr. Cek.max, who has just been nomi nated for the Senate from Maryland, was a Republican page in that body many years age, and new returns te it as a Democratic member. The Cincinnati .society of ex-army and naval officers held its annual banquet at the Burnet house last night. Judge M. F. Force presided, and about 150 persons were present. Letters were read from Generals Sherman, Sheridan, and ethers. The welcome concert te AitTiiui: Si'lli van at the Acadamy of Music, Baltimore, last night, was financially and artistically a grand success. A chorus of 1500 voices and an orchestra of 45 pieces, led by Mr. Sullivan, performed selections from his compositions. Mr. Jehn Austin Stevens, editor of the Maijazinc of American History, has invited four hundred of the leading citizens of Philadelphia, New Yerk and Bosten te a reception of Jeiix W. Feilnkv, te wel come him te New Yerk en the occasion of ) the establishment, there of his weekly peredical, Progress. On Monday, the 5th, Mrs. Fisher, the mother of Mrs. Ciiaielks G. Lklaxij, died in Philadelphia. Mrs. Fisher was a Miss Callender, of immediate English descent. She was a great belle in her youth, and one of the chief beauties of Philadelphia when it had many. She married Redney Fisher, a nephew of Cajsar Redney, and cousin of the beautiful and celebrated Miss Yiniug. the queen and beauty of Washing ton's republican court. There is a brisk contest going en in the Senate ever the nomination of a son of the late Senater Monrex te the collcctership of San Francisce. Senater Beeth opposes the confirmation with much vigor. He bases his objection mainly en the ground of want of sufficient residence te justify such an important appointment. There is a strong disposition among old friends of Senater Morten, without regard te their relations te party or te the administration, te vote for the seu's confirmation. Mean while Senater Heeth stands en his rights as a senator, and claims that the courtesy usually extended te senators in the case of an obnoxious nomination shall be extended te himself and his Democratic colleague, whom he has induced te take sides with him. Joux Rmuirr has recently been making a speech at Rochdale, in which, among many compliments te this country, he re. ports the views of a member of Parliament, who has adopted liberal and democratic doctrines because we have been paying elf our debt rapidly, giving various ether cvi deuces of geed sense, and because, as lie remarks, while we talk a geed deal or nonsense wc take geed care te act wisely in serious emergencies. We arc also com plimented en the fact that this country continues te be the refuge of victims of religious persecution, the emigration of Russian Mennenilcs being cited as an ex ample ; and praised for our effective main" tcnancc of the barriers between church and stale, for the heroism involved in the effort te overthrew slavery, and for the orderly manner in which a gigantic army relapsed into its normal condition of peaceful citi zenship. Anether instance of Hayes's predilection for apieinting people from Ohie te all the offices within his gift, te the exclusion of mere meritorious persons, has just occur red, and creates much bitter feeling espe cially amongst Pcnnsylvanians. It ap pears that through the proper channel William A. T. Maddex, captain and assist ant quartermaster en the general staff of the marine corps, and stationed at Phila delphia, has been placed en the retired fist. The Pennsylvania representatives unani mously presented the name of W. R. lb-own, the senior captain en the list, a native of Pennsylvania, and new stationed at League island, for the promotion. Not withstanding his rank and long services and clear right te such recognition, Hayes ignored his claim, and has nominated Woodhull F. Schenck, of Ohie, and a nephew of Gen. Schenck, for the position, thus overriding the prier claims of one second lieutenant, thirty first lieu tenants, and twenty captains. - - A Startling Defalcation. Frauds en the New Yerk produce ex change te the amount of $31,500 have been discovered. The defaulter was Benjamin C. Begert, who had beeu treasurer of the exchange for many years, and was a highly respected merchant in whom general con fidence was felt. Mr. Begert did net ap pear at the exchange or at his office after the discovery was made, and died sudden ly yesterday afternoon at the house of a friend in the city. It. is thought that, un able te bear his disgrace, he may have com mitted suicide. The disclosure of the de falcation was due te the determination of the finance committee of the produce ex change te transfer the account of the ex change from one bank te another. Mr. Begert is supposed te have used the money which he took hi his private business. Philadelphia has 12,092 delinquent payers. tax- MINOR TOPICS. Mesby is te be ejected from the Heng Keng consulate for telling the truth. We have always observed a resemblance be tween Mesby and Geerge Washington. We are glad te read, day after day. the Examiner's heaity endorsement of the New Yerk Sun. When the Examiner re bukes fraud and the Era shines as a "society organ" the millennium dawns. The Republican press of this state, with singular unanimity, raises its voice against the Cameren domination and the preten sions of Quay, but without practical leadership it will be vex ctpralcrea nihil. The American republic must be totter ing. A Washington correspondent sends the harrowing intelligence that ' for the first time in the history of Washington, a member of the Heuse has come here with his wife, and they have gene into the lu crative business of taking boarders." Cardinal Manning is in Remc,trying te induce the Pepe te consent te his plan for subjecting the monastic orders in Great Britain te episcepal authority, they new being directly dependent upon the Pepe. Te say nothing of the male confraternities, there arc 501 convents in the United King dom, with ever eight thousand nuns. That repentant pirate who pulled the plank from under the feet of Theodesia Burr Allston keeps en dying in alms houses and making a last full confession of his part in the tragic drama of the ocean. This time the Chicago Inter-Ocean dishes up the old fellow. Who'll set him up en the ether alley.' The Earl of Dunraven, who is himself a real Celtic Irishman, says that there is no such thing as a Celtic Irish people in ex istence. " The inhabitants of Ireland arc a very mixed race, composed principally of Celts, Danes, and Englishmen, both of what is called the Anglo-Saxen and the Nerman race. It would be hard te find many pure Celts in Ireland." Having stolen the Transvaal Republic, the British begin te arrest leading citizens for high treason. This is en the same principle that the impudent robber, who has taken your watch, has you turned ever te the constable for trying te snatch it back, and yet, when Jehn Bull gets down en his marrow-bones at family prayers; he fairly shakes the turrets of heaven with the resonance of his devotions. Gov. Van Zaxdt is said te be extremely anxious te succeed Burnsidc in the United State Senate, and his aspirations in that direction probably had mere weight in de termining his declination of the mission at St. Petersburg than his fears of the severity of the Russian winter. He has gained a gacat deal of respect in his guber naterial career, and would very probably make mere of a mark in the Senate than the incumbent has whose term of office is seen te expire. Feil the Democratic nomination of United States senator in Maryland Wm. Piukncy Whytc reconsidered his determin ation te withdraw tee late. He had an neunced that he was no candidate, and German made the fight and wen it. Whvte reconsidered, nut the greunu was occupied, and in the caucus last night A P. German received 54 votes, Wm. Pink- ncy Whytc, present U. S. senator, 22, S. Tcacklc Wallis, 3. In Ohie the Demo crats compliment Thurman with their empty nomination. The explanation which is made for Judge Orvis's exhibition of temper in sen tencing a Centre county prisoner te three years' extra imprisonment for " sassing " the court, docs net explain. The boy may he a man, as is alleged, and an old burglar, but the material fact is disproved that three years were added te his sentence be cause he made a very natural remark te the court, which its dignity should have passed ever in silence and by resenting which it was exposed te the contempt of the public. The Philadelphia Press has an article en the " Infamy of Maine" in which it char acterizes the action of Governer Garcclen and his council as "the most brazen out rage ever perpetrated in this country," en titling them " te rank with the greatest criminals in history." But it will be grat ifying te the readers of the Press te observe in the next column that it still retains all its former admiration for J. Madisen Wells and the Louisiana returning board beard It describes the Louisiana returning beard as "an invention" of a Republican state administration for thwarting the villainy of the Democratic politicians of the state, " clothed with powers which arc admitted te be extraordinary, but which alone were sufficient for the emergency." l'atti's Kansas Critics. In the Patti deposition case Leaven worth, Kan. yesterday, Themas Giaconii Giacenii ni, an Italian, keeper of the Dclmonice restaurant, testified that Madame Patti sent for him about 9 o'clock en the night of the concert. When he arrived at the theatre he found her sitting at a table be hind the scenes with a beer glass before her, containing what he sup posed te be liquor. Although he had never seen her before, she addressed him as 'Dear Giacomini," and ordered him te cook sonic macaroni and cheese and some quail for her lunch after the concert, te be served at the Planters' house, and te furnish three bottles of French claret. She was quite familiar in her conversation with him. He then went into the auditorium and heard Madam Patti sing, and declared it was very peer singing. He served the lunch as ordered. J. W. Cranccr, Thee Egcrsderf, R. N. Hershfild and William M. Lecper, premi nent merchants, testified that from Madame Patti's appearance and manner en the stage, her peer singing, etc., they believed her te be under the inllucnce of liquor. Tlie Eminent .Mars of Itcne. New Yerk World. The most eminent liars of Rene collect ed a few days age and the result is as bc bc Jew : Beck said he had seen it se cold in 6hie that it froze babies in the cradle ; Tem Hymers said he had seen it in Themas's canon freeze the mercury, and said you could net go within six feet of a spirit thermometer without running it up five or six degrees with the heat of the body, se he couldn't tell hew cold it was ; Ben Bacen said a cold snap came along when he lived at Green bay and froze the waves standing right up en end and the air ful of spray, and Finley Cook said it was se cold the winter he lived in Minne sota that when he threw a basin of water out of the deer it turned into little balls of ice before it struck the ground. CHESTER COUNTY IN ARMS. Trouble Down There for Den. West Chester Dispatch te Xew Yerk Sun, The first evidence of open rebellion against the tyranny of Den Cameren in calling the state convention te meet Feb ruary 4, several months in advance of the regular time, has just been given by Sheriff James E. McFarl'an, chairman of the Re publican committee of Chester county, in calling a county convention te meet here en the 27th of this month eight days in advance of the meeting of Cameren's state convention. The object of this county convention is te select two delegates te the national con vention in fiat defiance of Cameren's or ders that these delegates te the Grant con vention at Chicago are all te be chosen in state convention at Harrisburg en the 4th of February next. If the Harrisburg convention refuses te confirm the selection of delegates chosen by the Chester county congressional dis trict, it will cause a contest at the opening proceedings of the Chicago convention that may unpleasantly air the despotism of Den Cameren, and if, en the ether hand, these delegates arc confirmed, it may re sult in precisely similar action te that taken by the two delegates from this dis trict te the Cincinnati convention four years age. The delegation from this state was in structed by the state convention te vote as a unit upon all questions, but en the second ballet for president Messrs. Futhey and Darlington, the two delegates from this district, refused te be governed by that rule, and insisted en casting their votes for Blaine. Den Cameren, chairman of the state delegation, and then Grant's secretary of war, announced the entire vote of the state as cast for Hartranft. J. Smith Futhey rose te a point of order, and de manded that the votes of himself and col league be recorded for James G. Blaine. The chair decided that their votes should be se recorded. The chair rules that it is the right of any and every member equally te vote his sentiments in this conven tion. Dick MeCermick, of Arizona, appealed from the decision of the chair ; but the chair was sustained, after a het fight of two hours, by a vote of "581 te 359. Under any circumstances this rebellion premises te interfere with the smooth working of Cameren's plans. Its signifi cance is in the fact that Chester county is the home of Cel. Hoetcn, chairman of the state committee. The Zell JHurtlcr Case anil the Neuiai. rs. Ciirli.-lu Volunteer. The New Yerk Herald, Philadelphia Times and Lancaster Intelligence!: sim ultaneously attaek the verdict in the Kiehl murder trial, and all argue very much as if they were in the employ of the defense, in presence of the court and jury, and ex pecting large fees for their labor. The subject is an extremely delicate one for a public journal te comment upon upon, be cause se very few people consider the case as finally settled and because another per son is under indictment for the same mur der, but these newspapers, or these who write for them, seem te think that if they de err in their action they err en the safe side, and therefore write with a most reck less freedom. Leeking at the matter from a distance, they distort and misrepresent facts and jump at conclusions which we can net be lieve they would de were they net misled by some one. Wc aie well aware that a large majority of the people of this com munity believe that the evidence in the case did net justify a verdict of guilty, and that a still larger number did net, at any time in the proceedings, expect a conviction, but in all deference te this be lief we can net see the propriety of the newspapers, papers hundreds of miles from the scene of the trial, vigorously main taining that their opinion of the facts and the law in the case is correct, and that the twelve sworn men and the court, who followed the testimony of the witnesses and the arguments et the coun sel for both sides, day after day, through the whole term of the trial, should have erred. Hasty and ill-advised action of this kind, it seems te us, is just about as likely te injure as te help the cause of the defendant if it was taken in the interest of the defendant. In manufacturing pub lic opinion by means of which verdicts arc influenced the public press illustrates its power, but we seriously question whether in se doing it does net trench upon greuuds which prop erly belong only te courts of justice. It has become popular of late years with a certain class of writers te find fault with and ridicule the jury system and te speak disparagingly of opinions emanating from the bench, if these opinions chance net te accord with the notions of these moralists; but admitting that the jury system is im perfect and that judges sometimes commit grave errors, it is certain that an individ ual, no matter hew peer or hew friendless, is always mere likely te receive justice at the hands of a preiierly constituted court of justice than "in the great forum of pub lic opinion." The powers that be should be respected. An Eccentric Alan. The suicide of Leenard Case, the Cleve land millionaire, is a tragic ending of an eccentric but useful life. Mr. Case was fend of doing geed in the most unexpected and grotesque ways. One day while out driving with the eity editor of the Cleve land Herald, Mr. J. II. A. Bene, he point ed out several lets and asked ?.Ir. Bene which he thought most eligible for build ing. Bene made a selection, and Case said : "Well, build a house en it and send ine the bills when it is completed. I'll give you a deed te the property." Mr. Bene took him at his word and the premise was faithfully fulfilled. A few years age he walked into a meeting of the Yeung 3ien's Christian as sociation, laid $1,000 en the table, and left without saying a word, lie would never notice a direct appeal for charity, and, some ladies having solicited his help, he rebuffed them flatly. The next day they received a $.100 bill anonymously. lie founded Case library, giving te the asso ciation a property worth .$200,000. lie employed an agent te dispense charity se cretly, and gave away during his life thousands of dollars. He was a man of de cided literary talent and thoroughly well read. Fer several jears he has been suffer ing from consumption, and finally, unable te lear it any longer, he put an end te his miserable existence with chloroform. High Water iiiTcmicsscc. The American's Johnsenvillc (Tcnn.), special despatch says: "The Steamer I lettie Bliss, running in the Duck river trade, reports the destruction of ."5,000 bushels of peanuts and 5,000 barrels of corn in the Duck liver valley during the past month by phenomenal freshets which have swept down that stream, equal te the force and volume produced by the bursting of immense dams. Rains have been parti cularly heavy, amounting at time te wat r spouts. The weather in Tennessee is un usually warm, grass growing as in mid summer and peach tress about te bloom. The Maryland Penitentiary Ki-purt. The annual report of the directors of the Maryland penitentiary for the year ended Nev. :0 shows the entire income for the year at $98.34:.2."5. The net earnings were $19,955.28, of which $0,953.93 were expend ed in permanent improvements and $13, 001.83 paid into the state treasury. The average number of prisoners was 813 a decrease of 12 per cent, compared with the previous year. The average number of prisoners under contract was G93 ; expense per capita during the year. $105.21 ; num ber of deaths, a little ever 2 per cent. PARTY ISSUES. Relative Positions or the Twe Great Parties Horatio Seymour's Advice te the Democracy. A representative of the New Yerk World has had an interview with Horatio Seymour at his home in Dccrficld, near Utica, The interview seems te have been reluctantly accorded by Mr. Seymour, and he spoke at last with the understanding that he was giving his views once and for all. He spoke as fellows : In looking ever the political field it is evident that en the Republican side there are sharp controversies and much bitter ness. The Republicans are in a far worse way than the Demerits se far as feuds are concerned. It is true that the divisions in the ranks of the latter are mere ejhjh and conspicuous, but they have reached a point where they admit of healing reme dies. Hatreds and jealousies in the ranks of political organizations are like erysipe las in the human system half cured when brought te the surface. Concealed hate and feverish iealeusv poison the bleed of the Republican organization. The party has no remedy for this state of things. Its disease is internal, and therefore danger ous, perhaps deadly. If it could be brought te the surface it might be cured, but new it is festering inwardly and with very bad symptoms. The poison has permeated the whole system, and there is no sage se skillful as te be able te prescribe success fully for a hidden distemper. On the ether hand, there is one advant age which the Democratic party possesses. It always comes up smiling after a defeat. Its vitality is wonderful. It- has outlived a dozen opposing organizations, and it has held te its ancient creeds while ethers have caught at every excitement or novelty brought te the surface by events. In the country especially the Democracy have made their adherence te sound party prin ciple a matter as personal as their religion though in a different way. It is a mat ter en which they have permitted them selves te become enthusiastic. Yeu can not change them. The hard-fisted Demo cracy cling te their faith under defeats and trials, and are withal imbued with senti mental feelings never seen in the conglom erate ranks of their opponents. The Re publicans fall te pieces unless they can be kept at a welding heat by passion and ex citement. If these cannot be kept up against their opponents they break out in their own ranks. Under these circumstances there is every reason te hope for the success of the Dem ocratic ticket in the coming presidential election. The Democratic vote in this state last fall, under the circumstances, was a marvelous one. Te my mind it amounts te a demonstration that the state can be carried by the Democratic candidates who ever they may be. Wc have had our light and it is ever. There are no feuds nor jeal ousies left te rankle inwardly. There is another clement new coming te the surface which will tend strongly te in crease this harmony. The town meetings and elections are at hand. About twenty thousand town officers are te be elected and there is probably an average of three candidates te an office. All these men are doing everything that lies in their power te unite the party and concentrate its undi vided strength en the town elections. Peo ple in the country really care less about who shall be president of the United States than who shall be supervisor of their town, or justice of the peace, or per haps school commissioner. They will al vote for supervisor and will work with re newed energy te secure the election of their party's candidate. This is especially true of the Democrats, much mere se, I think, than in the case of the Repub licans. The old sores of the Democratic party, as I have said, are en the surface, and therefore net only are net dangerous but can easily be reached te be healed. What ever healing process is necessary will, no doubt, be completed by the spring elec tions. As te candidates en the Republican side, the men who have opposed the present ad ministration apiear te favor Grant, and his strongest opponent new is Blaine. The fight is se sharp that it may end in bring ing up a new man, as has happened before. The third term is against Grant, and Blaine is tee much of a Republican te suit his party. The Republican party does net like violent men in office, though it always praises them for their boldness in the fight. Morten, Chandler, Blaine and men of that stamp were thrown ever in 187(5, and the mere malleable and less well-known man from Ohie was picked up and made presi dent. Something of the kind is likely te be done again. On the Democratic side there is a readi ness te take up any man who can unite all factions. As they are all anxious te har monize a way will be found te carry out their wishes. Outside of this state Bay ard, Thurman, Hendricks, English, and ethers have been spoken of as presidential candidates, and either of them, I should think, would prove acceptable. The Democracy cannot go astray in making selection. The man whom they will nom inate has every prospect of success. The controversies in the Democratic party in New Yerk are much less danger ous than they seem te be. There arc great and enduring reasons why this state should upheld the Democratic party and its prin ciples. In the first place, there is here much less of sectional feeling than else where. Our business men, merchants and manufacturers are constantly brought into contact with the people of the Seuth in the course of their transactions, whereby they learn the difficulties under which they labor, and they desire net only te promote their own interests, but in se doing the interests of the country at large. This intercourse has much mere influence than congressional debates or the appeals in our journals te political prejudice. The same thing is also felt te a degree in reli gious and ether organizations. The war upon the Seuth has been ever-acted. It has been carried se far that new there is a reaction, and this cannot fail te benefit the Democratic party which is the party of en lightened conservatism. There are ether and stronger reasons why New Yerk must be Democratic. Its commercial position demands that it shall oppose the centralizing policy of the Re publican party. That policy is destruc tive of the interests and welfare of the state. With its great wealth and popula tion it has the least relative representation in the United States senate of any state in the Union, and all questions of centraliza tion will always be most hurtful te these who have the least representative power and the most wealth te be taxed. The Senate has gradually absorbed political power. It is filled with men of large exper iences growing out of the tenure of their offices. They are usually selected after they have had a training in state legisla tures, or the Heuse of Representatives. The members control vast numbers of ap pointments under the general government. When a question conies up between this state and its rivals wc stand no fair chance of justice. Shet and Killed. Milten White, aged seventy years, the keeper of a tell gate near Meckville, Washington county, Ky., shot Philip White, a boy of seventeen years, en Mon day. There had been a previous quar rel between the parties, who are relatives, and Milten says the boy had threatened his life. On the day of the killing Philip was passing along the turnpike in front of Milten's house, when the latter came te the deer with a shotgun and said he was going te sheet him. Philip threw open his besom and told him te fire away, which Milten at once did, killing the boy instantly. Milten was held for murder and bail was refused. Fears of lynching arc entertained. STATU! ITEMS. The Baldwin works built 398 locomotives the past year. The Renovo Recerd estimatas the total amount of lumber that will be floated from that point next spring at 14,000,000 feet. There is a deep fceling of thanks in every Pennsylvania heart when he dwells en the fact that his state is net suffering fiem a Legislature. Philadelphia report:; 13,473 deaths in 1S79, against 13,498 in 1879. a decrease of 25. About one-fourth oft l.e deaths were lrem lung diseases. Richard Merrick, aged forty, died at the German hospital from the effects of falling into a vat of boiling water at the dye works. Twenty second and Hamillen streets, Philada. In Erie, yesterday morning, an unknown man was found dead and greatly decom posed in an old building. By his side was a bottle containing pure alcohol. He had evidently been dead some time. Later in the day the body was identified as that of Ames McClcnthen. of WatCrferd. who has been mising from home. Scofield WolstencreTt. 51 years old, com mitted suicide with strychnine yesterday, at the residence of his brother William. 309 East Cumberland street, Philadelphia. He was a married man, and had until re cently been farming in Delaware county. Since his arrival in the city he has been drinking heavily and did net come home en Wednesday night. Yesterday when he reached home he went te the bathroom. A noise was heard by one of the children, who then peeped into the apaitmentaud saw the uncle en the lloer in horrible con vulsiens caused by taking enough poison te kill six men. LATEST NEWS BY MAIL, In Frederick. Md., Felix Munsheur was convicted of murder in the first degree for the murder of his cousin. James Wetzel. A fire at La Grange, Missouri, vesterdav destroyed the best business houses in the eity, one of them belonging te ex-Cen gressinan Grever. The entire Ies will amount te $10,000. The parallel red of the engine te a pay master's train broke, between Manchester, N. II., and Lawrence, yesterday, punching a hole through the boiler and baulv scald ing Chas. E. Jenes, engineer, and Charles Webster, fireman, both of Concord The consecration of Themas Alfred Star- key, Protestant Episcopal bishop elect of the diocese of Northern New Jcrsev, took place at (Jracc church. Newark yesterday, Willi niiprej-sivc ceremonies, in wiiien a large number of bishops and clergy partici pated. t. tuisui ljriiigciaiKi reports mat ine re ceipts of American corn at Havre decreas ed during the last year because of the use of false certificates of inspection. Many cargoes that arrived wen; fit only for fuel. The increase in the importation of Ameri can bacon and lard has been large. The United States counsel at Valparaiso reports that the Edith Davis, an American bark, owned in Portland, Maine, was burned at sea en October 23. The crew of fifteen men are new enjoying the hospital ity of Alfred Derete, the lessee of the island of Juan Fernandez. The Indian government have decided te allow the rules respecting newspaper cor respondents with troops in active service, te remain in abeyance, leaving te the dis cretion of commanders the question of im posing restrictions upon them if necessary. Ne correspondent will, however, be per mitted te the front without license. There was a fire panic at Dead weed, Da kota, yesterday, the city narrowly escap ing destruction. The timber surrounding the city caught fire for miles around and it was only by superhuman efforts that the eity itself was saved. Several cabins were burned as it was, and ether damage was done. Afire occurred at the bearJing home Ne. 254 West 21st street, New Yerk, yes terday. All the boarders except two escaped without injury. Mrs. F. A. Mul len jumped from a window en the fourth fleer, landing en the balcony, where she was found by the firemen and removed te a place of safety, slightly injured. Mrs. Lewe was found in one of the rooms insen sible. The less was small. The glycerine building belonging te the Lafliu & Rand powder company's works at Oak Ridge, N. J., blew up yesterday morning. Twe men. Fowler and Merrell, firemen, were blown through the reef, which was also blown elf and one side of the building demolished. Beth injured men arc still alive, though Fowler is thought te be dying and Merrell will prob ably net survive his injuries. The charge of criminal libel brought against Richard Smith, of the Cincinnati Gazette, was dismissed in the police court by the prosecuting attorney, en the ground that a criminal charge cannot lie against a corporation, Smith being charged as a representative of the Cincinnati Gazette company. Dr. W. S. Jenes, the writer of the article in question, has been arrested en a charge of criminal libel. Superintendent Campbell, of the Brook lyn police, en Wednesday came into pos session of seven signed and eight unsigned bends of the New Yerk Central railroad, which proved te be counterfeits. The bends were of the denomination of $1,000 each, and were discovered buried in the earth in the weeds near Fert Hamilton by Jehn Schwartz, a farmer, who dug them up in a bottle December 23d, while at work. An Kx;!antien. M'lin.-jjrevc Time.-'. The Bellefentc Watchman, lately reflected quite severely en Judge Orvis for giving a "boy " burglar an additional three yea re in the penitentiary for contempt of court for remarking as he was about te leave the court house with the .sheriff, that he wished he had the chance te sentence the judge te the penitentiary for four years. It turns out new that the "boy" is twenty-four years of age ; that he committed burglaries at three places in Clearfield county before he came te Centre county ; that he was net sentenced for contempt of court ; but that he had been convicted en two distinct indictments and only sentenced en one the judge having agreed te let the ether sentence hang ever him en his geed be havior; and only after his contempt of court was the sentence imposed. When he came te the. penitentiary the warden at once recognized him, by a photograph he had, as old offender for whom there was a standing reward offered ; and as seen as his term of service is up he is wanted in Ihoeklyn, N. Y., en similar charges. A Horrible Murder. Information has been received of a shocking murder which eccurcd at Mani wakia, a lumber station, 100 miles north of Ottawa City. A French Canadian named Briscbeis, it seems, had some alter cation with his partner in the trading business, and the quarrel growing fierce, the men picked up axes when Briscbeis, gaining an advantage, knocked his partner down and cut him literally in pcices, and then lied from the spot before he could be captured. The lumbermen started in pur suit but being a geed bushman Briscbeis, eluded thein and took te the dense forests using his show shoes with which te travel Intencc disgust prevails in the camp of the lumbermen. The Amenities of Literature. The Xew Era's bard speaks of "the poet, Harry W. Longfellow." Next thing he will be calling the Examiner's poet by his first name. LOCAL INTELLIGENCE. NEIGHBORHOOD NEWS. Events Acress the County Line. Sneak thieves evidently an organized band aie operating in the the lower end of Dauphin county. The West Chester Jlejmblican favors the nomination of Cel. J. A. M. Passmere for auditor general. The river is in geed condition for raft ing, and if the weather continues as mild as it has been for the past ten days, river men might venture out with their floats. Mr. William E. Gilbert, who resides in Pottstown, is the owner of a strange look ing specimen of the chicken tribe, which instead of having " fedders like a hen," is covered with soft gray wool or fur, some thing like rabbit fur. After an animated debate of two hours, six disputants participating, the people of Media, Delaware county, have decided that electing a president for a third term would net endanger republican institu tions. " That settles it." On Tuesday a cow belonging te Mitchell Baker, Thornbury, Chester county, showed signs of indisposition. Her owner had heard that coal oil was a geed bovine ap petizer, and se he administered a quart of that lluid inwardly. The medicine took immediate eifeet and killed the animal in three minutes. The cow was one Mr. Baker valued highly. The water committee of Harrisburg councils has discovered that it has only $300 te pay debts of 1S79 amounting te $3,000, and the members have finally de cided te either let the bills go ever and pay them out of the appropriation for 1880 or else take the unexpended balance left from the appropriations te ether com mittees during the year 1879. James Cenner, of Phuuiixville, was nearly killed en Wednesday at the Pluunix iron company's quarry by the discharge of a blast. Cenner had prepared the blast, and after waiting some time for it te dis charge, concluded that the fuse had net ignited, and returned just in time te have both his eyes blown out and a portion of his tern off. He was conveyed te the Pennsylvania hospital in a very critical condition. In West Chester en Wednesday, a com mercial traveler, who has three wives living, was walking en the railroad plat form with wife Ne. 3, when wife Ne. 2 came up behind her, tore the bonnet from her head and gave her a geed threshing. Wives Nes. 1 and 2, it is auid, are sisters, residing near Glen Riddle, and Ne. 2 mar ried her sister's husband, knowing him te be undiverccd, and he then abandoned her for Ne. 3. Ne attempt was made by moral Wfht Chester te arrest the biga mist. It is contemplated by the owners of the Lochiel rolling mill, Harrisburg, te se arrange the machinery in it that steel rails can he rolled, and begin en a contract already tillered by a New Yerk party for a western railroad. It is designed te im port the steel ingots from England, where, it is said, they can be purchased cheaper than here, and the cost of carrying them te this country will be small. New hous ings anil rolls will he put up in the mill, strong enough for the new work ti be done, at a cost of about $20,000. The contract will be for 20,000 tens of steel rails, and it is expected that the works will be ready by April 1st ter the rolling. This work will give employment te several hundred mere hands. i-::t)i:.BLY fatal accidknt. A Hey UiiK Ketli !.- Cut Oil'. Yesterday afternoon about 4 o'clock, a lad 1( years of age, named Jehn Nye and resitting in Bainbridge, this county, met with a terrible accident, which will most probably result in his death, lie had hoarded the extra freight train, engine Ne. 208. ami after riding some distance attempted te jump from the train, but was thrown under the whecls,and had both legs cut off, one arm broken, and sustained ether se vere injuries about the head and body, lie was taken in charge of by the foreman of the train, and conveyed te his home where Dr. Bean was called te attend him. He was alive at 8 o'clock this morning, but the doctor said it would be almost im possible for him te survive. It is an almost daily occurrence for the Bainbridge heys te jump en ami off passing trains and it is a wonder that a greater number of serious accidents have net occurred. Malicious MiHcIiier Assault anil Itattcry. Before Alderman MeConemy, Andrew Keels, colored, has made complaint of malicious mischief against Mary Winteis, also colored, charging her with having thrown a brick through the front window of his house en Mulberry street, net only smashing the glass but breaking out the sash. .Alary was held for a hearing to morrow. Before Alderman Spurrier, Mary Winters, the above named defendant, has made com plaint against Rev. Wm. II . Keels, father of the above named prosecutor, charging him with assault and batter', the allega tion being that the Rev Keels kicked Mary out of his house. The ease will be heard en Tuesday next. Sale of Itt-al Lntale. B. F. Rewe, auctioneer, sold yesterday afternoon at the Keystone hotel. North Queen street, the property of Jacob Rein Rein held and the heirs of Jacob Graver, de ceased, a let of ground containing 3(J feet front, en North Queen street, and extend ing in depth 215 feet te Market street, en which is erected a three-story brick dwell ing, with two storc-reoniSjOn North Queen street, and three two-story brick dwellings tin Market street, te J. W. Byrne for $9,095. lleei M ml. Yesterday, a countryman with a fi-ur horse wagon leaded with grain, stepped at the corner of Walnut and Water streets, where the mud is at least a feet in depth. When he attempted te start the horses tore their harness almost entirely elf their hacks. After some time spent in the repair of the harness the man was able te proceed. This street is in a fearfully bail condition and we advise people who have business in that part of town te walk. Kcceinniittctl te Jail. Benjamin Bihl charged with riot and felonious assault and battery en Claude Butler, and who. after having been con fined in jail for sonic weeks te answer at court, was released en $1,000 bail, as stated yesterday, has been rearrested en a bail-piece and recommitted te jail te an swer at court. His bondsman was Andrew Filsinger. Free Setiu. This morning 383 soup rations given out at the station house. WiMV J.