Newspaper Page Text
-'rvfi-tf x' -c- -var
j - -t t. - --. i "- j - T-i if j V J. V"- m. ,, ( 1,1 111 1 f ff f f - fiBg5, ' v I lAvV Volume XYINe. 130. LANCASTER, PA. SATURDAY, JANUARY 31, 1880. Price Twe Celts. 4?, -.- - - vHMIHMH cry i x. b m ". h "v x x vami tun iur;,J-ti jj " w (TO l an ( du Ygmm anTi ivrv JJI IXMXAM 9 terms. THE DALLYINTELLIGrENCER, PUBLISHED EVERT EVENIKO, BY STEINMAN & HENSEL, Intelligencer Building, Southwest Cerner or Centre Square. The Dailt Iktellieexceb Is furnished te Mibseribers In the City of Lancaster anil sur rounding towns., accessible by Railroad and Dailv Mage Lines at Tex Cents Peu Week, payable te tbc Carriers, weekly. Ily Mail, $5 a year in advance ; otherwise, $0. Entered at tin- pest efllce at Lancaster, Pa., as -oeend class mail matter. 3-Tlie STEAM JOB PRINTING DEPAKT M KXT of this establishment possesses unsur iivm tucilities for the execution of all kinds of Plain and Fancv Printing. COAL. 1 1 .MARTIN', IJ. Wholesale and Retail Dealer in all kinds et I.UMUEU AND COAL. y Yard : Ne. 420 North Water and Prince streets, above Lemen, Lancaster. nS-lyd COAL! - - - COAL!! 00 TO GORRECHT & CO., r or Geed and Cheap Ceal. Yard Harrisbuig Pike. Office -J East Chestnut feticet. P. W. GORRECHT, Agt. .1. It. 1ULEY. e'J-lyd W. A. KELLEK. COAL! COAL! COAL! COAL! Ceal of the Best Ouallty put up expressly for family use, and at the low est market prices. TRY A SAMPLE TON. - YAIHI 150 SOUTH WATER ST. lu-ii-lyd PHILIP SCHUM, SOX & CO. JUST KKCEIVEI A FINi: LOT OF ISALF.U TIMOTHY HAY, at M. F. STEIGERWALT & SON'S, DKALV.ItS IN COAL. ! FLOUR ! ! GRAIN ! ! ! PAMILY COAL UXIJElt COVEIf. M intivxula Patent Precess Family and Ilaker'.s Fleur. J5alfd Hay and Feed of all kinds. Y:u1k.u-. j.ihI Yard : 234 North AVatrr St hJ7-lyd COHO & WILEY, :;.-( XORTH U'ATJSJt ST., jAiiictSKlcr, J')i., Wholesale anil Kctail Dealers in LUMBER AND COAL. Alse, Contractors and TSiiildcrs. INtiinnti-s made and contracts undertaken en all kinds of buildings. r.i-.uicli Olliee : Xe. S XOKTH DUKE ST. tebJS-lyd VfOriCBTO THE PUBLIC. G. SEXER & SONS, j Will continue te sell only i GENUINE LYKEXS VALLEY I and WTLKESIiABIlE COALS liicli are thj best in the market, and sell as LOW as the LOWEST, and net only GUAK AXTEE FULL WEIGHT, butallqw te WEIGH OX AX Y scale in oed order. Alse Wmili and Dressed Lumber, Sasli Deers, ISHnds, Ac., at Lewest Market Prices. Olllce and yard northeast corner Prince and Walnut streets, Lancaster, Pa. j.ml-tfd JtOO.'tS AX1 STAT!OXi:itY. "yALl'.NTlXKS! VALENTINES ! ! VALENTINES ! A GREAT VARIETY, L. M. FllYNN'S BOOK AM) STATIONERY STOKE, .Ne. 42 WEST KING STREET. 1880 1880. VALENTINES! ELEGANT LINES SENT1MENTALTALENT1ES AT Tin: BOOK STOBE JOM BAEES SOUS 15 and 17 NORTH QUEEN STREET, LANCASTER. PA. CAIWJSTS. e BEAT BAKGA1NS. . Large Assortment of all kinds et CARPETS Arc still sold at lower rates than ever at the CARPET HALL or H. S. SHIRK, 202 WEST KING STBEET. Call anil examine our steckand satisfy your yeur fcclt that we can show the largest asseitmcnt of Brussels, Three plies and Ingrains at all juices at the lowest Philadelphia prices. ANe en hand a large and complete assortment of KAG CAUPETS. Satisfaction guaranteed both as te price and quality. Yeu are invited tecall and see my goods. Se trouble in showing tlicui, even if you de net want te purchase. Don't terget this netice: Yeu can save money here if you want te buy. Particular attention given te custom work. Alse en hand a full assortment of Counter panes. Oil Cleths and Blankets of every va riety. myiS-tld&w YEW hTOltli. Phili) Selium, Sen & Ce. HAVE OJJ HAJ1 Nes. 3S & 40 WEST KINO ST., (Formerly II. Z. Bheads & Bre.'s,) a tine selection of the Well-known, Gen Mine LANCASTER QUILTS, Woolen and Half Woolen COVERLETS. CARPETS. Carpet Chain, Yarns of all kinds, a complete line' et Ladies' Furnishing Goods, Notions. &c. Scouring and Dyeing promptly attended te. In enler te accommodate the public we have located our Ceal Ollice at the above place. PHILIP SCIIUM, SON .V CO., eSl-Smd&w 58 & 40 West King St.. Lancaster MUSICAL IXSTRV3IEXTS. CHICKERING PIANOS! I would respectfully call the attention et persons wanting a first-class Piane that I have been appointed sole agent for Lancaster coun ty, for Chickering & Sen's Celebrated Pianos, Ot Bosten, srass. Pianos can be seen at my Organ Manufacturing Wureroems, 330 North Oucen street. - ALEX. McKTT.T.TPS, dec2C-2tdeawd&wtfl Lancaster, Pa. CLOTHISG. NEW GOODS FOR FALL & WINTER. Wc are new prepared te show the public one of the largest stocks of READYMADE CLOTHING ever exhibited in the city et Lancaster. Geed Working Suits for men $0.00. Geed Stvles Cassimere Suits for men $7.50. Our All Weel Men's Suits that we are selling ter $9.00 are as geed as you can buy elsewhere for $12.00. Our stock of Overcoats are Immense. All grades and every variety of styles and colors, for men, boys and youths, all our own manufac ture. Full line of Men's, Youths' and Beys' Suits. Full line of Men's, Youths' and Beys' Overcoats. CUSTOM DEPARTMENT ! We are prepared te show one et the best stocks of Piece Goods te select from and have made te enler ever shown in the city. They are all arranged en tables fitted up expressly se that every piece can be examined before making a selection. All our goods have been purchased before the rise in woolens. We are prepared te make up in geed style and at short notice and at bottom prices. We make te or der an All Weel Suit for $12.00. By buying your goods at CENTRE HALL you save one prellt. as wc manufacture all our own Clothing and give employment te about one hundred hands. Call and examine our stock and be convinced :is te the truth et which weaillrm. MYEKS & KATHPON, Centre Hall, Ne. 12 East King Street. " 1880 18S0 01 JA1ABY PRICE LIST. Great reduction in pi ice te close out a Urge invoice of PAKTALOOX STUFFS, Consisting of ever 500 PATTEBNS. ENGLISH AND FRENCH NOVELTIES Kcduccd te $8.00 PEP. PAllt. Luge Let et SCOTCH, ENGLISH AM) FINE AMERI CAN CASSIMEUES, Fer Genteel Wear, of the Latest and Best Styles, at $7.00. Demestic Goods of the leading Standard Brands, at $J te $." per pair. A Large Line of Imported Stiitings ataSacrilice Do De mestic Suitings at all prices. Pei-sons in want et a Geed OVERCOAT Will de well te call and examine the stock. Plain as well as the most Ultra Styles at less than Cost Price. We want te close them te make room for our SPRING STOCK. Call early and secure bargains. J. K. SMALING, ARTIST TAILOR, 121 North Queen Street. marS-lydS&W CEtfTEE HALL ') 21 CENTRE SQUARE. Closing-euFour 'WINTER STOCK In order te ukikc loom lei the Large Spring Stock, ! Which weaic new manufacturing. Overcoats, Suits and Suitings, Te be sold at the Lewest Prices. D. B. Hostetter & Seu, 24 CENTRE SQUARE- 25-lyd LANCASTER, PA. reuxwns axd macjiixists. T ANCASTEK J BOILER MANUFACTORY, SHOP ON PLUM STBEET, OrresiTKinE Locomotive Works. The subscriber continues te manufacture BOILERS AND riTEAM ENGINES, Fer Tanning and ether purposes ; Furnace Twiers, Bellows Pipes, Sheet-iron Werk, and Blacksmithing generally. 49-Jobbing promptly attended te. auglS-lyd JOHN BEST. VUCATIOXAL. Till! ACADEMY CONNECTED WITH . Franklin and Marshall College etrers su perier advantages te young men and boys who desire either te prepare for college or te obtain a thorough academic education. Students re ceived at any time during the school year Send ter circulars. Address REV. JAMES CRAWFORD, ectl 1-lyd Lancaster. Pa. jlTARCUS . SEHNEK, HOUSE CARPENTER, Ne. 120 North Prince street. Prompt and particular attention paid te al teratien and repairs. sl3-lyd Greatly Ren Prices, Lancaster intelligencer. SATDEDAY EVENING, JAN. 31, 1880. Suffrage and Its Limitations. Oration by Hen. F. E. Beltzboever, Nermal Anniversary, Miltcrsville, Friday Evening, January 30, 1880. The highest human fame has always been accorded te these who founded states and te these who preserved and perpetu ated them. The names of these historic heroes are handed down from age te age in a thousand various forms, from the rude traditions which reach the savage in his forest home te the monumental marbles which adorn the forums and capitals of the most cultured and polished nations. They stand as exemplars for the emulation and imitation of noble minds in every land, and arc the best incentives te patii patii etic sacrifice and endeavor. The glory of becoming the architects of empires is tee remote te tempt the ambition of men in this generation, but the honor of aiding te preserve a great republic is within the reach efj every citizen. There are aheady many gallant names en the dead roll of this decade, which will go down te pestciity as the defenders and upholders of the liist great free government which has ever ex isted en the glebe for a century. The grave lespensibility and corresponding glory of continuing it beyond another cy cle of time is committed te the young men of this day. All the governments of the past, with the exception of a few ephem eral republics, which glittered above the horizon like meteors at long intervals and for brief periods, were based en the will of one man subject te no law but that of his displeasure. This government is founded en the will of the people, subject te a written constitution. It is a great political experiment without a single precedent in the history of six thousand years te justify the belief that it must succeed and endure. It is net perfect. It has in it, like all hu man products, the elements of decay al most as powerful as these of life. " Gov ernment is a growth, net a manufacture." It must go forward or backward. There is no stand still. It must grew better or worse. It must go en towards the great est freedom and most perfect administra tion, or degenerate again te the primal state of despotism and slavery. Is this government se established as te defy the laws of political growth and decay ? Are we out en an open, boundless sea where no storm will ever overtake us ? Ne one but a demagogue would se declare. All thought ful men have sadly questioned the horo scope of our future many times during the last few years, and never mere se than new. Turning then te this subject, what is the greatest crying danger of the hour in this nation ? What mere than all ether things threatens te overthrew and revolu tionize the government '.' Is it net the al most insurmountable dilliculty in getting at the fair and honest expression of the will of the people, and when that will is ascertained the dishonest and criminal dis position te utterly disregard and ignore it? This government is based absolutely and solely en the will of the people, and the party or the men who strike at this foun dation principle and try te subvcit and de stroy it, are guilty of the deepest, darkest and most inexcusable treason. If we cannot get means te fairly determine what is the will of the people of this nation, and te compel iirempt and implicit obediencc te that will, the republic with all its vaunted glories will go down te the oblivion of the dead republics of the past, as certainly as the inexorable decrees of destiny can send it. If we cannot get a fair vote, a fair count, a fair declaration of the count, and an honest submission te it, we might as well fold up the stars and stripes and bury our national escutcheon and lie supinely en our backs, awaiting patiently the deem of human passion and prejudice and igno rance and felly. This question is the great living, irrepressible issue of the hour. It is as useless te meet it with ridicule and contempt and bombastic patriotism, as it would be te try te dam the ocean or stay the mighty torrents of Niagara. At the bottom of this great question, and as one or its principal factors lies the right of suffrage, en what it should be based and hewjit should be limited. "Without any partisan bias, but purely from the aspects in which a student and patriot should view it, we propose this as the subject for discussion en this occasion. Aristotle de scribed man as a political animal, and what was true in that remote day is mere emphatically se in this golden age of polit ical warfare. In what I shall say en the theme, however, I challenge all in the words of the geed Emperor Trajan, when he handed a sword te the commander of a Reman legion, " Use it for me when I am right, but against me when I am wrong." A vote is an expression of preference as te men or an opinion as te measures. The right te vote is derived solely from the state and is therefore a purely political right. It is net a natural or personal right like the right of property or liberty. It is subject te the absolute control of the state and te whatever limitations the Legislature thereof may put upon it, with the single exception that the fifteenth amendment te the national constitution provides against any discrimination en account of race, col or, &c. The vote is usually bjr ballet, but the ways in which it has been expressed have been very numerous. The weid bal bal eot comes from the Greek word ballein, te threw, and was originally applied te a little ball thrown into a box. In Athens, it was lirst customary te vote by casting pebbles into the boxes, but aftewards beans white aud black ; the white for the alhrmative, the black for the negative. In the great court of the Areepagus, where the decis ions were by ballet, they always voted at night, se that no one could sec hew they voted. Solen divided the people at Athens into four classes for the purpose of being voted for and elected te ellice. The judges could be named from all four. The magis trates only from the first three. All candi dates for civil efliccs had te present them selves for examination before they could be admitted te their positions. This was an early specimen of what is new called civil service reform. At Reme, voting by tickets was first in stituted, and Cicere, who was a bitter aris tocrat, said a secret ballet, "the silent suf frages of the people," sometimes wrought great aud potent reforms. In very early days, Scrvius Tullius di vided the people of Reme into one hundred and ninety-three centuries or hundreds, and these into six classes. He ranked the rich, the least numerous, in the first centu ries ; the middling classes, who were mere numerous, in the next ; and the indigent multitude in the last ; and as each century had but one vote, it was property rather than numbers that decided the election. In England, the ballet was proposed and received considerable support in the begin ning of the eighteenth century ; but net until 1830 did it receive serious censidera tien. In that year O Council proposed it in the Heuse of Commens tand it received twenty-one votes. Mr. Grete was, for sev eral years after, its most conspicuous sup porter, but it had the approval of Macaul ey, Cobden, and Brougham. It was net adopted, however, until 1872 under the leadership of the Gladstone ministry. The bitterest light in all the Parliamentary his tery of that country occurred during the reign of William IIL, en the question of hew much and what kind of property a member of Parliament ought te have te be eligible. A bill passed the Heuse of Com Cem Com eons aud the Heuse of Lords at one ses sion, and was vetoed by the king. At the succeeding session it was again passed by the Commens, but lest in the Heuse of Lords. Then the Commens attempted te tack the bill en the appropriation bill, an 1 failed only by a very small majority after a very powerful argument showing that it would be utterly without precedent. In this country all elections are by ballet except in the state of Kentucky, where they vote rr tece. The word baljet has become se nearly synonymous with all words expressing safeguards of liberty, that it is supposed te epitomize them. The poet Halleck says : " The ballet falls as lightly As snowflakes fall upon the sod, But executes a freeman's will As lightning de the will of Ged." The great Junius, in letter XII., says : " The right of election is the very essence of the constitution. Te violate that right and, much mere. te trans- fni- if n miv nflifn cnt: fC mm) is a sten leadiui? inimediatclv te the disseln- x- 0 rf tien of the government." This is unques tionably true, for notwithstanding the genius and ingenuity and care with which the right has been controlled and guarded in all countries, its corruption and viola tion have been the final causes of the fail ure of all free governments. This fact, attested by the experience of se many centuries, should come te us with per suasive admonition in our legislation and practice en the subject. The character of the right and the manner in which it has been exercised hitherto having been brielly adverted te, let us next inquire hew it has been and hew it should be limited. The substance of the various qualifica tions which have been required heretofore may be stated as fellows, viz : I. The voter must be a native or natur alized citizen. II. He must be of the male sex. III. He must be of age. IV. He must be sane. V. He must have a certain amount of real or personal property. VI. He must reside fei a certain time in the place he proposes te vote. VII. He must pay a certain tax or revenue for the supert of the govern ment. Docs it net seem strange when you con sider that a vote is the expression of a preference or opinion, that in all the mutations of time and men and govern ments en the subject of suurage, that in telligence should never have been made even one of its qualifications '.' Is it any wonder that free governments have always failed when in all experiments en the sub ject men without any mere intelligence than beasts or blocks have been legally authorized te cheese legislators and judges and presidents ! Hew could institutions of any kind endure whose most sacred and fundamental interest were committed te such custodians .' A government of the people must be construed te mean a gov ernment of people who think ; that any ether theory should ever have attained must be due te the power of demagogues. It is light that a voter should be a citi zen, that heshouldbcef agc,thathc should be sane, aud that he should be a resident of the country he proposes te help te govern. It may be right that he should pay taxes. It is net right that he should be required te be worth a dollar, and the absurdity of the requirement has caused it be dropped almost everywhere. The anecdote related by Dr. Franklin illustrates it better than argument. An old market-man, who resided in a New England state which had its property qualification, owned nothing but an ass, which, being of the lawful value, gave its owner a vote. The ass died the day before election, and the old man's vote was chal lenged, when he exclaimed, "Well, I thought the vote was mine, but it seems it bclenge te the ass, and I must have been only the animal's trustee." But, above all, it is net right that any person should vote who has only these qualifications which can be possessed by an idiot. With all tiie devices and inven tions of legislatiens te secure the most rigid observance of purely mechanical qualifications, wliy should there net be adequate means te add and enferc an intelligence qualification of the right te vote '.' Most states have full aud exacting regis try laws. Why net compel the voter te write his name en the registry, the date, the number, his age, his occupation, his place of residence, and if he needs wit nesses, their names, &c.? Yeu would thereby have an almost infallible proof of identity and a safeguard against fraud, in the voter's autograph and handwriting. Then why net compel him te read the ticket he votes '.' In these days of books and news papers, taid telegraphs, and telephones, and electric light, and almost universal knowledge, why should a man vote who cannot read or write ? Hew can he ex press an intelligent opinion en the great financial and commercial questions which are agitating the world .' Hew can he keep abreast or even in sight of the great triumphs of genius which arc shaking opinions and creeds and everything'? Without the ability te read and write he is a mere automaton an instrument in the ban Is of demagogues ; a mystical number swell the poll ; a cipher which is nothing by itself but counts when put with ether figures. Neither miners, nor paupers, nor criminals, nor insane, nor these who can neither read nor write, should vote. It is the duty of states aud gevenments te draw a line here and enforce it for their own preservation. It is the next great primary duty of the government te educate all its people, se that they may be able te vote. The best men of the nation are waking up te the great patriotic necessity of educating the masses in view of the effect upon this suf frage question. At the meeting of the trustees of the Peabody education fund, the most distin guished body of men en this continent, in October last, Bishop Whipple, the presi dent, said, " We could readily employ a part of our income te the greatest advan tage at this moment in a mere direct at tempt te provide for the seasonable in struction of these masses of children, and particularly colored children, who are growing up te be voters without the slight est preparation for an intelligent exercise of the great franchise of freemen. There is nothing in the immediate condition and prospects of our country which calls mere emphatically for consideration and action than this state of things in se many of the Southern states. Ner is it by any means a concern of the Southern states only. Jt is a national necessity et the highest exi gency that something should be done with out delay "te qualify for its intelligent dis charge these en whom the elective fran clrsj for better or worse has been bestowed by one of the amendments te the consti tution of the United States. Our free in stitutions rest upon intelligence and vir tue, and can survive almost anything ex cept ignorance and the vice, corruption aud violence, which are se generally the results of ignorance." "Society," says Mill, " is the vast un rolling of the web of human life." In this age its rapidity of development is wonder ful. In the ages that have gene the web unwound se slowly that sometimes it could scarcely be said te move at all. There are whole epochs which the historian hrs pissed ever and marked them "dark," as the ancient geographers did with unex plored and unknown countries. But there is a new spirit stalking forth in the world new. "Hie have been periods, says Brougham, " when the country heard with dismay that the soldier was abroad. There is another person abroad new, a less im portant person : the schoolmaster is abroad. And I trust mere te him, armed with his primer, than I de te the soldier in full military airay for upholding and ex tending the liberties of his country." (See Lacen, 353.) But why has net the intelligence qualifi cation been placed upon sutfrage ? Mr. Calhoun partially answers the question when he says : "It is an abstraction te in dulge the felly of supposing that the part' in possession of the ballet and the physical force of the country can be unsuccessfully resisted by au appeal te reason, truth and justice, or the obligations imposed by the constitution." The supreme v selfish politicians who control the destinies of the nation by keep ing the ballet in the hands of the ignorant and unthinking masses prevent all appeals te reason and justice from having any effect. Like the Hibernian in the story, when told that he would get justice, jus tice is net what they want. In their cases Dr. Jehnsen was net wholly wrong when he declared that "patriotism was the last refuge of scoundrels." The highest interests of society are ne clected aud subveitsd by the demagogues who dare net permit reform for fear it will tear their unholy grip from power. Edmund Burke characterized these peo ple when lie declared that " Among the nobler animals whose bleed is het the bite is never poisonous except when the crea ture is mad ; but in the cold-blooded rep tile race, whose poison is exalted by the chemistry of their icy complexions, their venom is the result of their health and of the perfection of their nature. Wee te the country in which sucli snakes, whose pri mam mobile is their belly, obtain wings and from serpents become dragons," te rise into power. They never yield anything but te their own cold, sordid selfishness. When the waves of public indignation rise and beat against the doers of the capitol, they make a virtue of necessity, and cry ing "reform" concede only that, the withholding of which would precipitate rev olution and anarchy. Their platform is a miserable crawfish conservatism, which is always prating about "a happy medium,'' "just enough," and "sullicicnt," &c. The jailer who bruised the hemlock for Secrates, as he handed the venerable phil osopher and demigod the poisoned cup, said, "We only bruised as much as we thought sullicicnt." If it be conceded, however, that suffrage is a question of intelligence, and that this should be its basis and criterion, the in quiry next arises, is it a question of sex '.' Wc answer unhesitatingly that it is net. If a woman lias all the ether qualifications she has the right te vote. Whether she should exercise that right is a question of expediency and circumstances which we cannot new discuss. But it is a piece or unblushing inconsistency for the leaders of a nation which fought its battles for librty en the ground that taxation without repre sentation is tyranny, te taxall the property holding ladies in the land and net allow them te vote when they wish te. Why should a woman net vote ? The arguments against it arc curious specimens of special pleading and sophistry. Did you ever hear any person try te explain why, when a man dies, his wife, only gets a life interest in one-third of his property : but when a woman dies the husband get a life interest in the whole of her estate'. I have only heard one explanation. The distinguished gentleman with whom I read law told me years age. He said it was because the men made the law. They say that a woman should net vote because meddling with politics will contaminate and degrade her ; that mingling witli the masses of men, in cluding the vagabonds and adventurers and criminals who infest the polls, will drag her down from her high and holy sphere of home, &c. Did it never occur te the grave and conservative advocates of this doctrine that it would perhaps be bet ter te keep all such persons away from the polls whose presence would be a menace and insult te ladies. Must ignorance and rude ness necessarily bar the way te intelligence and culture'.' Shall the latter be kept away from elections in order that the former may revel in their original elements of deg radation ? Any class of people that weul d net be constrained into decency and respect and order by the presence of ladies any where would better be kept by the police. The jails and Workhouses should confine all such persons at the public expense rather than have the elections corrupted and the ballet-box crowded and polluted by their votes. The government would better feed them than be controlled by them. Let us net be misunderstood. While there arc thousands of voters who should net be allowed at the polls, the masses of them in this nation are people of geed hearts and noble impulses and net liable in any respect te any imputation. The barbarous civilizations of all nations iu the past have made woman a slave and consigned her te a condition of social ser vitude and inferiority of rights ; and yet iii spite of all these great barriers in her way they have arisen all along the great highway of history illustrious names of the gentler sex. Semiramis, Beadicca, Catherine of Rus sia, and a long line of heroines have illus trated the annals et their age in war and science and art and letters. The first Na Na eoleon, falling in with the narrow spirit of prejudice and tyranny, told Madame De Stael that she " meddled tee much in poli tics." She answered : " Will your majes ty have the kindness te define what you mean by politics ?" He was silent. Then she added. " I will spare your majesty the trouble. I understand true politics te be the science of determining which are the institutions most pernicious te the general happiness, and what are the best means by which they can be destroyed ; as well as the art of knowing what are the institu tions most favorable te the greatest amount of human enjoyment, and hew they can best be introduced, psrpctuatcd and secured. "If this be se will any man venture te say that women have no interest in such questions? Have we net fathers, hus bands, brothers, children, and can they be made happy or unhappy by geed or evil government without our being made partic ipators in their grief or joy? If en their ac count only, permit us te feel, te think, and te express our feelings and theuglits,and let me add that no woman deserves the honor of being a wife or mother who docs net understand wherein her husband's or her children's interests are endangered or ad vanced, and who is net prepared te en courage the one in his political rectitude, and te instill into the infant mind of the ether, these just principles of virtue and courage by which man can alone fulfill the high destinies that awaits his mortal career. " There could net be a mere powerful ar gument against discrimination en account of sex in the matter of suffrage than this eloquent woman's views en the subject of political duties and rights. Instead, there fore, of permitting the presence of such persons at the pellsas would prevent ladies Ireni coming there, elections should be se controlled that the refining and elevating influence which pervade the home, should stand as impassible barriers against rude ness and lawlessness and riot. The poet, Gccthe, makes the Princess D1 Este say in "TorquateTasso:" " Propriety guards as with a wall The tender, easily-wounded sex. Where mortals guide they govern ; Where lawlessness prevails they are nothing." "The noblest purpose is the public geed. " Who doubts hew the millions of female ballets in this land would be cast en all great questions of temperance and reform and public morals. The tempor izing and expediency of demagogues and politicians would go down as the small dust in the balance before the mighty tide of popular indignation, which rises from the myriads of troubled homes and deso lated firesides. "Liberty is security against injustice. " This truth the friends of popular govern ment must learn, and if they would have the republic endure they must learn it well. I am in favor of throwing open the mighty race for fame, and place, and power in this land te all classes, and sexes, and races, with only one condition of entrance intelligence. I am willing te make that the basis of governments, and creeds, and all the dearest and highest interests of life. All ether qualifications aud critcriens and conditions arc accidents. There is no accident iu knowledge. There is no royal read, no underground way, no climbing ever the wall te learning. It comes in only one plain, hard, democratic way by toiling for it. I care net hew high you make the standard. I am glad that mythology has placed the temple of fame away up en a steep, rugged, high hill, se that vagabonds and laggards and stragglers cannot stumble in. It may be that no argument could il lustrate or embellish or enforce this prin ciple en the minds of the prejudiced and selfish. Ne effort is needed te demonstrate it te the cultured and thoughtful. When the flames of the French revolu tion were raging around the unhappy queen, Marie Antoinette, she implored Gaudct te tell her hew te save the crumb ling throne for her little sleeping son. He replied, "Educate him for the coming freedom, for that is the only condition of his life." The mighty tide of war and bleed aud fire swept ever the fair fields of the smitten empire of the Bourbons. The coming freedom was delayed for a little time while an adventurer and despot strut ted in the fading garments of royalty. But in the wake of intellectual revolution and progress, freedom finally came with the certain and relentless tread of destiny. The sun of universal knowledge is slow ly rising, and its golden beams are gilding the mountain tops all ever the world. Iu the silent march of the years, its living floods of light will roll down into the val leys and usher in the universal freedom of all men, of every kindred, and clime, and tongue. There can be no doubt for the future of the world, if men will bury their prejudices and .selfishness, and commit their destinies te the unerring control of intelligence. "If wc work upon marble it will per ish ; if we work upon brass time will efface it; if we rear temples they will crumble into dust ; but if we work upon immortal minds wc engrave upon tablets that will endure te all eternity. " Webuler. 1HIY UOOVS, AC. 1VE CANNOT ADVERTISE Reduction of Prices, As man- kinds of goods are going up in price every week, but we held a large stock of desirable Dry Goods that arc selling at rates proportionate te cost some time age. In the matter of MUSLINS we secured and MUSLINS stored' away an immense MUSLINS quantity, se that our sales- MUSLINS rooms and rcseryc stock- MUSLINS rooms leek like wholesale MUSLINS stores. These standard MUSLINS goods are new retailing MUSLINS largely at less than future MUSLINS prices. MUSLINS We also bought freely of FLANNELS, And can show the geed results of our bargaining en Inquiry at the Flannel Counter. We arc also selling CALICOES Cheaper than they can be bought at. The people will have te pay higher for many kinds of dry goods alter tin: pres ent stock arc sold out. Jehn Wanamaker, GRAND DEP0T-13TH ST., VlllLAJiELl'lIIA. EUJlXITVlti:. A SPECIAL. INVITATION TO ALL. Te examine my stock of Parler Suits, Cham ber Suits, Patent Kockers, Easy Chairs, Uatau Kockers. Hat Hacks, Marble Tep Tables, Ex tension Tables, Sideboards, Hair, Husk. Wire and Common Mattresses, Boek Cases, Ward robes, Escriteirs. Upholstered Cane and Weed Seat Chairs, Cupboards, Sinks, Deughtrays, Breakfast Tables, Dining Tables, &c, always en hand, at prices that are acknowledged te be :is cheap as the cheapest. UPHOLSTERING IX ALL ITS BBAXCHES. REPAIRING PROMPTLY AND NEATLY DONE. Picture Frames en hand and made te order Regiidlng done at Reasonable Rates at the New Picture Frame and Furniture Stere, 13 EAST KING STREET, (Over Bursk's Grocery and Sprecher's Slate Stere.) WALTER A. HEINITSII, (Schindler's Old Stand), CIIIXA axi elassivaicl: CHINA HALL. CHEAP WARE, CHEAP WARE. ODD and DAMAGED WARE sold at a SACRIFICE. Ware Sold Under Price te SaveOIeving. New is your time for BARGAINS. HIGH & MARTIN'S, Ne. 8 East King Street. MARBLE WOHKS. WM. P. FRATTilTrS MONUMENTAL MARBLE WORK'S 758 Nerm yueen Street, Lancaster, Fa. MONUMENTS, HEAD AND FOOT STONES, GAKDEN STATUARY, CEMETERY LOTS ENCLOSED, 4c. All work guaranteed and satisfaction given In every particular. N. B. Remember, works at the extreme end of North Queen street. ni301 MEDICAL. CUTICURA! HUMORS OF THE BLOOD, -SKIN AND SCALP. - Ccticura Kkselvk-t Is the most powerful Bleed Purifier and Liver Stimulant ever com pounded. In forty minutes after taking- the tirst doe it may be detected in the saliva, bleed, sweat and urine, showing tliat It lias en tered the bleed and been distributed through out the entire system. In its passage through the circulating lluids it meets with the corrupt particles of mutter which fester and maintain disease, with which it chemically nnitea, de stroying and gradually eliminating them from the system. ' Hence its power te forever expel Scrofulous, Cancerous and Canker Humors, which un checked till the bedv witli foul corruptions, ami ret out the delicate machinery of life. Cuticuiia. the great external remedy for nil Humors or the Scalp and Skin, Ulcere. Seres and Discharging Wounds, U the most sootlt seotlt soetlt ing and healing of outward applications. It speedily destroys fungus and parasitic grewtns,. restores the oil glands and tubes te a healthy condition, and cures, when assisted by the Ccticcra Se.vr, Diseases et the Skin and Scalp ' which have been the torture of a life time. SKIX DISEASE, Great Suflertng Ter Sixteen Yearn. A Won derful Cure by the Cuticura Kemeillca. Messrs. Weeks A Petter: Gentlemen. Ccti cuica Remedies have done me a power of geed. . 1 have been alllieted with skin disease for six teen years. Seme days it troubled me mere than ethers, but at night the itching nearly drove me wild. I would scratch until the bleed would run down my limbs. I have had several physicians. Seme- safd they could cure me. but ethers said net. I will nay that before I used the Ccticbra. Remedies I was in afearful state, anil had given . up ail hope of ever having any relief. But, liken drewningmangrasplngatastraw, I thought I would try the Cvticuiia Remedies, about which I had read se much. They have perfumed a wonderful cure ler me, and of my own free will and accord I re commend them. Yours trulv, " S. A. STEELE. CS W. Van Buren St., Chicago, HI., March 17, 1S7J. MORE (iOOD THAN DOCTORS In Three Years of Treatment. Gentlemen. Please llnil 50 cents te pay for small box of Cuticura and direct it te me. The dollar box you seat me has done me mere goeil than all the doctors in three years. The doc tors have done me no geed. My feet ami legs are healing fast. It is indeed Cuticcka. Yours truly, EVAN MORGAN, P. M. Moscow, Minn., .June i", 1S7S. CUTICURA SOAP Superior te Any. Ciias Dexnijt. Druggist, First Place, cer. Court Street. Brooklyn, March 4, 1S79, lean cheerfully speak .of the healing quali ties of your CtTicuitA Seav, anil Its perfume in superior te any of the standard soaps new in use. CIIAS. DENNIN. The CuTicrnv Remedies are prepared by Weeks & Petter, Chemists and Druggists, ." .0 Washington street. Bosten, and are for sale by all druggists. Price of Cuticura, small boxes, 60 cents ; large boxes, containing two and one half timestheeuantitv et small. $1. Reselvent. $1 per bottle. Cuticura Seap, 25 cents per cake ; uy man, uU cents ; three caKes 7j cuius. CC!-LINs Bv instantly affecting the'Nerveus Svstem.their VOLTAIC nrrTBIfi Inliueuce is at enee.feltat MSTES Hence Pain, which arises from a disturbance et the Nerve Forces, is cured in every instance us if by magic. Alse, Palpitation of the Heart, In flammation of the Lungs, Liver and Kidneys, Irritation of the Stomach and Bowels, Indiges tion, Dyspepsia and Bilious Celic. ITVKAV K-W E-W kTw K-W Kv K-W K-W K-W MET 1ET! K-W K-W K-W k-w THEONLYMEDICINE k-w KAV That Acts at the Same Time en Kw K-W - IWV The LIVER, K-W K-W K.w The BOWELS, K.w K-W K-W And the KIDNEYS, k-w These great organs are the Natural JV""1 .- ,,, Cleansers et the hystem. xi nicy ,- w K"" work well health will be perfect: It lv'" .- ... they become clogged, dreadful ills- ,- w lv"" n-t.i-s.-ii-i.iiri tn IVillnur with JV- exses are sure te fellow with TERRIBLE SUFFERING. K-W K-W Biliousness, Headache, Dyspepsia, Jaundice, Constipation and Piles, or K-W KiilncyCemplaiuLs,Gravcl,Diabetes, Sediment in the Urine, Milky or j.yf Repy Urine ; or Bheumatic Pains and Aches, are developed because K-W the bleed is poisoned witli the hu--mers that should have been ex-jC-W pciled naturally. KIDNEY WOET 11 will restore the natural action and K-W all these destroying evils will be banished neglect them and you will K-W live but te suffer. Thousands have been cured. Try It and you will K-W add one mere te the number. Take it and health will once mere gladden K-W. your heart. Why suffer longer from the ter-K-W ment of an aching heart? Why bear such distress from Constipation and K-W Piles ? Why be se fearful because of Disordered Urine? Kidney Wert K-W " will cure you. Try a package at once juxl be satisfied. K-W It is a. dry vegetable compound, and one package makes six quarts K-W of medicine. Your druggist has it, or will get It for you. Insist upon K-W having it. Price $1.00 Wells, Richardson & Ce., Preps., K-W BCItLIJIOTOJf, Vt. (Will send pest paid.) JuIMyd&w K-W HOP nep BIT BIT ERS Jt js an absolute and irresisti- KlIS HOP BIT ERS HOP BIT ERS HOP BIT ERS HOP BIT ERS HOP BIT ERS blc cure ler HOP BIT ERS DRUNKENNESS, Intemperance and the nseefOpI-HOP um. Tobacco, Narcotics and Stimu- bit lants, removing all taste,desireand KRS habit of using any or tiiein, render ing the taste or desire for any of HOP them perfectly odious and disgust- HIT ing. Giving everyone perfect and KRS irresistible control of the sobriety of themselves or their friends. HOP It prevents tiiatabselute physical HIT and moral prostration that fellows ERS the sadden brcukiugeir from using stimulants or narcotics. HOP Package, prepaid, te cure 1 te 5 UIT persons, $2. or at your druggist's, ERS $1.75 per bottle. Temperance socie ties should recommend it. It is HOP perfectly harmless and never-tall-BIT Ing. Hep Bitters ManracturingCe., EBS Rochester, N. Y., Sele Agents. Hep Cough Cnre destroys all HOP pain, loosens the cough, quiets the BIT nerves, produces rest, and never EKS fails te cure. The Mop Pad for Stomach, Liver HOP and Kidneys, Is superior te ull BIT ethers. Cures by absorption. It 13 ERS perfect ask druggists. The Hep Bitters Mfg. Ce., of Re- HOP Chester, N. Y., only prepare these BIT remedies, also the Hep Bitters, EKS which are in no sene u beverugeer intoxicant, but the Purest and Best HOP 31edicine ever made, making mere BIT cures than all ether remedies. ERS FOR SALE BY ALL DRUGGISTS. 6 HOP BIT ERS HOP BIT ERS HOP BIT ERS HOP BIT ERS HOP BIT ERS HOP BIT ERS nep BIT EBS HOP HOP BIT BIT ERS ERS HOP BIT ERS HOP BIT ERS HOP BIT ERS HOP UOP BIT BIT EKS ERS AE. McCANN, AUCTIONEER OF BKAL . Estate and Personal Property. Orders left at Ne. 35 Charlette street, or at the Black Herse Hetel, 44 and 4tf North Queen street, will receive prompt attention. Bills made eutand attended te without additional cost. eST-Iy - OCHEK'S COUGH SYRUP IS THE BEST.