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J.---- LANCASTER DAiLi lJSTELLlGESCEU FRIDAY, DECEMBER 7, 18-0. Haiirdsui irnteikgencec. FRIDAY EVENING, DEC. 17, 1880. Crookedness. The Philadelphia, Press, pretending te think that the only burthen upon it is te prove that Senater Bayard said at Dever just what it .reported him te have said, new publishes what it declares te 1 be a stenographic report of th portion of his, speech in controversy, and sup plements it with the affidavits of a few Republicans who heard it, vouching for its accuracy. If the Press had published this sten ographic report when it was first noti fied by Senater Bayard that he disputed the accuracy of his report ; or if it had even done se before it printed the letter of Conkling, Arthur, Boutwell and Davis, which falsely declared thai Sen Sen aeor Bayard had net te their knowledge denied that he had spoken as reported, it would have had a fair chance te con vince the publirlhat the pretended sten ographic report was correct, and that Mr. Bayard was mistaken in his recol lection. Then it could have claimed from the senator that he should, as he said he would, recede and take the sten ographer's notes instead of his memory. New it can make no such claim, te have it conceded. It lias, after being told by Mr. Bayard that he did net say what it declared thai he said, delayed for one month the production of the stenographic report of his speech, which it claims that it then had, and which, as new exhibited, is in the words of its original report. It did net furthermore notify Mr. Bayard that it had such a stenographic report , shewinghis memory te be at fault. It did net notify its readers that Mr. Bayard disputed the correctness of the lepert. But it did termit four men te publish a statement in its columns, which falsely declared that Mr. Bayard had made no such de nial. Manifestly the course of the 7V has net been open and straightforward in this matter. It surelv needs te explain why It was se long silent about the pre tended stenographic report, and about Mr. Bayard's denial, and se prompt te print what it knew te be a lie. Its dec larations of its fairness and its disposi tion te deal justly with Mr. Bayard and all mankind arc net sustained by its ex hibition in this fas-'. Jt lays itself open te the suspicion of having seta trap for Mr. Bayard and with having concocted a stenographic report te catch him in it. The disguise is thin and docs net conceal the spirit of this undertaking. Protestations alone will net sustain public confidence in the impartiality and fairness of a newspaper It is the sort of support that is often offered : but the superstructure needs something in the works that is seen te sustain the words. In this ease tin1 iYw has been se plainly sinuous that Toekedness may hence forth be suspeetf-d in its apparently straight,.-! walks : and this we say with regret, spirit. for we h'-d thought better of its About Cigars. The failure of the chief heus-engaged in the business of making cigars at Key West, Flerida, leads the New Yerk Time te moralize en this fresh illu-tra-tien of the old iabfe which relates the felly of the owner of tin' gu-e that laid the golden eggs. u killjii'j jt te jet, all the eggs. at en ;-e. II is a geed illustra tion of a felly that is being perpetually illustrated in the haste te get rich. Originally. I-y West cigars were made of Havana tobacco by Havana workmen, who were taken ever te Flerida te manufacture a Havana cigar and save the duty en the imported article. The Key West cigar seen get a high reputation, and there was ready sale for all that could he made. Very seen they were adulterated ; which possibly was the ultimate design when their manufacture was commenced. Our Lancaster county tobacco has for some time been sent te Flerida te be made into Havana cigars, and if no worse tobacco had been sent the geese would still b'- laying salable eggs : for our tobacco makes a cigar which most people cannot distinguish from Havana, and which, in truth, is a great deal pleasanter te smoke than peer Havana tobacco, of which of late years there has been a great deal, owing te a succession of inferior crops. In fact the low repute of the Key West cigar may be owing as much te the peer Havana tobacco used as te the adulteration with native tobac co. The Times further complains of the greediness of the retail seller, who buys a cigar for thirty dollars a thousand te sell it at ten cents apiece : and it considers that this is a great injury te the manufacturing interest. in limiting the sale of their product. This seems clear enough, but manufac turers de net see it, and even encourage retailers te charge "extravagant profits. A popular brand of cigars that is sold by a manufacturer in this city at S1S.50 per 31., by the case of 10,000, has upon the box lid " 10 cts., or three for '2 cts.'' It is as geed a cigar as you arc likely te buy en your travels for ten cents . and really better, as we have said, than a peer Havana cigar, though it is wholly made of Lancaster county tobacco. The cigars chiefly made here arc sold at from Sll! te $10 a thousand, and retail away from home at five cents. These are cer tainly extravagant profits. Postal Frauds. The New Yerk Thuf; seems te have much mere confidence in the integrity of the newspaper correspondents in Washington than in tin: honesty of the heads of departments in tin: postal ser vice. Fer when both :uc assailed it rushes chivalrously and boldly te the de fense of the press while it challenges further details of the official rascalities with an evident enjoyment of the pros pect that the requisite proof may be forthcoming. There have been se many rumors affecting the integrity of men high in the postal service at Washing ton, that when specific charges are made against them the public will readily second the motion of no influ ential a Republican paper as the Times for an investigation. Tyner, vbe seems te have grown rich as well as gray in the service, made a des perate effort te have himself retained as assistant where he had been a chief, and it is suspected that he thought Key te be such a mole that there would be four years mere geed pickings under the Hayes administration. It is manifest that the posteffice bureau needs a purg ing and Gen. Garfield will de well when he changes the head of it te see te it that there is a "shaking up" of the heads of the various departments, te'the end that the thieves may be smoked out and the honest men vindicated from reigning scandals. When the heads of postal de partments set te selling themselves for silk dresses they are as cheap as the Bull Ring and Heg Ring politicians in Lan caster, who struggle for the chance te make such contemptible stakes in the purchase of public supplies. As Philadelphia has learned te her cost, public building commissions are very ex pensive and often very wasteful affairs: and the Pliiladelphia Eecniwj liulktiit has done some geed work in exposing their blunders and prodigality. What it says about the Xorristewn hospital com mission, delegated by the Legislature, needs attention at the next session, and the public servants who were engaged in this work must be held te strict ac countability. MINOR TOPICS. Scxatek Pexdlktex has presented a bill prohibiting political assessments or contributions from office-holders and con tractors". The penalty provided is dismis sal of the office-holder and annulment of the contracts. Cami'ijei.l, of the Wheeling liegistcr, who antagonized and mimicked Conkling, aims at the French mission. Seme of Garfield's friends advise him te fly lower or he will miss everything. Give him the "old pants." Tiik treasurer of the United States has te sign his name about :(!), 000 times a year. Just at present he is mere engaged than usual, as owing te the large pay ments of the season, lie lias te sign ., 000 cheeks and warrants en maturing ob ligations between the 10th and 24th of this mouth. This is an average of 1.000 a day, Sundays included. Ge kknek Fakniiam yesterday vetoed a bill passed by the Vermont Legislature, practically doing away with grand juries and givingthc indicting power te the state attorney. The governor declares the bill unconstitutional in depriving persons of their right te trial according te the common law, in force when the state con stitution was adopted. At a caucus of the Opposition members of the Dominion Parliament, in Ottawa, yesterday, it is understood, a manifesto te the people of Canada was adopted, strongly condemning the policy of the government in rclatieu te the Canadian Pacific railway, and especially the extravagant price te tic paid uud under the contract for comple tion of the read. CexsiDKKAHi.E indignation was inani tested en the part of Southern senators be cause Judge Weeds, nominated te succeed Associate Justice Streng, is credited te Georgia. They say Weeds is really an Ohie man. and that te evade the charge of filling the bench with Ohioans Weeds is credited te Georgia. There was emphatic talk about the Senate, and mere than one senator declared he would vote te reject Weeds simply because he was credited te Georgia The indications arc that a strong fight will be made against the confirma tion of Weeds en this account. PFESONAL. Mr. Gladstone has been visiting the Prince of Wales at Saudrigham, and, by the Prince's especial desire, read the les les eons at morning prayer. Mr. Themas Caulvle, who hatl just passed his eighty-fifth birthday, is feeble, yet in much better health than recent re ports would indicate. Lord Beacexsfiei.d is recorded ;s say ing once in the Heuse of Commens that "Irish members were tee much in the habits of clanking their chains." Miss Macde GitAXGEi:, the actress, who appeared in this city during the present season in the drama of "Twe Nights in Reme," is very seriously ill at Hannibal, . Me. Secretary Scncnz will leave Washington in April, with his family, te 3Cttle perma nently in St. Leuis. He intends te divide his time between looking after his paper, the Wcstlichc Pett, and writing a book. Miss Henrietta VAiKs,thegiftcd tra gic actress and leading lady of Themas W. Kcenc's company which appears here next Monday, was married in Baltimore en Saturday last te Mr. Henry Thompson an actor in Cyril Scarle's "Drink Combi nation." Postmaster General Maynauii has dis charged a son of General Armitagc, n Tcnnciscan and an ex-Cenfcdcratc, from the posteffice department, in spite of the fact that young Armitage is a strong Re publican It is understood that Mr. May nard was prompted by personal unfriend liness for Armitage, the elder. Mile. Bekxhardt narrowly escaped ac tual death during the death scene in "' Ca mille," at the Giebe theatre, in Bosten, en Wednesday night. She was lying en a leuugc near a mantel, en which were the glasses supposed te contain her medicine, when the mantel began te totter. Excla mations from the audience caused her quickly te leave her position, which she did an iustant before the heavy mantel crashed down upon the lounge. Rev. Jehn Edgar, professor of Latin at Westminster college, New Wilmington, Lawrence county, died there en Wednes day. He was born August 24, 1828, in Seuth America, and with his parents re moved Newberg, N. Y., where he studied theology. After graduating at Union college, he was pastor of the U. P. church at Sterling Valley, N. Y. In 1875, he was elected professor of Latin in Westminster college. Mr. Edgrr was a gentleman of rare attainments and his death will be sincerly mourned. Suubury is excited ever a quarrel be tween the Suubury Daily aud the Rev. M. L. Ress. In a sermon delivered en Sunday Mr. Ress is reported te have spoken of the two editors of the Daily as " druukardK," "imposters" and "hounds I of the devil." CIVIL SEKYICE BEFOEM. Hevr Tenure of OlHce Operates in the I'estal Service. Xew Yerk Dispatch te Cincinnati Enquirer. The suit at Washington between C. C. Huntley aud his cousin, Silas Huntley, mail contractors, is a small sign of the an cient rottenness' in the whole mail con tracting business. Mail contractors orig inally were stage proprietors, inany.ef them fiem the New England states, who had been in the stage business from Bes ten te Albany aud Bosten te New Yerk, . and as the country expanded they and their sons sought occupation for their J stages and steek under the government service. With the growth et ttie ar W est and the detached mining camps, and the clamor raised by such small places for the full benefits of the mails as in elder parts, men have gradually assembled around the postefHcc department who knew all the of ficials there, both great and miner, and who in many cases tampered with the an nuel bids, se as te have the advantage of any newcomers. Here see one of the evils of a long standing civil service. 1 have almost in variably found that a man is iu a govern ment department two or three years before he makes the connections which tempt him te sell-out the government, his em ployer. A large number of persons em ployed as clerks at Washington are con stantly en the lookout for some place where they can advise outside parties te Mie the government. Fer example, the laws are te be revised at the treasury de partment, and two or thiee men are de tailed te proceed with the revision. They come te a place, perhaps, where they find that we have exacted from certain vessels tonnage dues, and the same had been will ingly paid; but en comparing the laws it was perhaps found that there was suffi cient ground for these vessels te rake up a claim for the return of their money, ex tending home years back. Hereupon the clerks employed by the government put their heads together and say : " Let us start a scheme of recovering that money from the government, and it is worth thousand of dollars te us." Se, perhaps, a neighboring chiim agent icceives the .suggestion and becomes the third partner. He proceeds, we may say, te the unconscious steamship companies and says : "Fer 23,000 I will get back these duties you have paid.' Hereupon the job widens, and New Yerk jobbers and judges are let into the lobby, se as te in fluence the foreign affairs committee aud se they all go down te Washington, aud the little circle of corruption widens, aud at last they slip through Congress a bill ami actually take out of the treasury of the. tinted States, through the instrumen tality of the clerks whom the government has kept in office for years, some hundreds I f thousands of dollars, aud new are kecp- ing up the job te get the interest. I Suppose you had in your employment I two clerks who had slipped te some uu i known creditors of yours and said: "We I have found where you can recover $207, i 000 from our boss." What would be the i standard of honesty in private business for such clerks? Here, in the mail system, one Huntley swears against the ether that he has incurred great expense inlay ing everybody filling the bellies of glutton ous newspaper correspondents, lending money te clerks, &c. yet these two per sons have been around Washington as long as 1 knew anything about it. They probably knew every clerk in the posteffice department. According te the thousands declared te have been spent, they must have sewed a little corruption wherever they went. Years age two brothers in the Union army came te Washington and one get the ether made an assistant postmaster gen- oral. The first steed en the outside te tap the contractors, the inside man knew all i about the bids, and the outside man knew i every mail jobber, and could raise tip new j I ones, l hey oeth oceanic rich, and one et I them finally began te write te the railroad j j companies throughout the country te take ! united action and threaten the gev- J i eminent that en a certain day they i j would step carrying the mails unless their i j compensation was raised. Mauy of the j companies did se act, and the vheIt: busi- ! ness or this country might have been sus- j j pended but for the discovery of the printed I circular et the man msiueei the postemce, j who had taken his government, salary for i years only te admit robbers into its de i parlmcuts. Like all such Ged-forsaken I men, they both came te grief, one being 1 stricken with disease aud wandering te a distant, coast tedie, and the ether breath ing his last under suspicious of suicide. While in Washington I saw incredibly large signs of great plunder te begin as seen as Hayes gees out of office. The de partments ought te be again weeded out at the beginning of the new administra tion : for, although they have been im proved, several of them are as bad as they can be. General Garfield docs net want te be disturbed within a few months of his inauguration by investigations. TKOUUI.E AT TilE 'VAItSITY. tV Disgraceful Uiet in vrlilnh Students atitl I'elicemcii Eug:ii. Last night the sophomore class of the Huiivcrsity of Pennsylvania had a crema tien of old text books used by them dur ing the past term. The cremation exer cises occurred en the campus en the col lege grounds, and the students arrived en the spot about half-past 0 o'clock accom panied by an escort of thirty policemen, as it had been hinted during the day that the medical students would break up the excieises for an alleged affront given at their commencement last summer. When the sophomores te the number of fifty arrived en the ground they found several hundred medical students gathered, who shouted and hooted at the sophomores. Several breaks in the nrpe which surrounded the crematienists were made, and then a po liceman discharged his pistol. This was the cause of a general rush and the police men were nearly overpowered. They then made an arrest and it led te the throwing of bricks, rotten eggs and ether things, and several of the policemen were injnred, one severely, by being struck en the head with a brick. Anether claims te have been cut across the head with a knife by a student. Ten of the medical students were arrested and three of the policemen were sent te the hospital. The affair caused intense excitement in West Philadelphia and the people in the neighborhood were fearful that the riot would become general and lead te the destruction of property. At midnight matters had calmed down. Needs Investigation. Philadelphia Evening Bulletin, Ken. The Norristown hospital commission wound up its inglorious career, yesterday, as far as its voluntary action is concerned, by a final meeting, when it presented itself with its carefully figured report, demon strated te itself the perfection of all its work, highly applauded the manner in which it had been done, avoided all awkward explanations about the vast amount of work which it undertook and has net touched, and the mysterious "completion" of a hospital which it se ably argued te the last Legislature could net possibly be finished without $179,000, which the Legislature very properly did net give it. By adding en beds enough te its architectural capacity, it figures its per capita down te $734.30, the trite figure ac cording te the plans for the unfinished structure being nearly $782. And it says nothing at all about the settling walls, the cracking ceilings, the gaping doers, the shrinking wainsc3tings, the opening floors, the leaking sills and the various ether evidences of its cheap and costly work. But all these things and a.goed many ethers of equal interest maypessibly cemc up later in the season. HOKBOK3 OF KUSSIAN EXlluE. Hew Seme or the Foer Victims Live Until Driven te Madness aud te Death. A writer in the Londen Standard says : On his arrival the prisoner is driven straight te the police ward, where he is in spected" by the Ispravnik, a police officer who is absolute lord and master of the dis trict. This representative of the govern ment requires him te answer the fellow ing questions : His name '.' Hew old ? Married or single? Where from? Addresss of parents, or relations , or friends ? An swers te all which are entered iu the books. A seleinu writteu premise is then exacted of him that he will "net give les les eons of any kind, or try te teach any eue ; tnat every letter uc writes win go mreugn the Ispravnik's hands, and that he will fellow no occupation except sheeuiaking, carpentering or field-labor. He is then told he is fice ! but at the same time is solemnly warned that should he attempt te pass the limits of the town he shall be shot down like a deg rather thau be al lowed te cscapz, and should he be taken alive shall be sent off te Eastern Siberia without further formality thau that of the ispravnik's jwrseual order. " The peer fellow takes up his little bun dle, and, fully realizing that he has new bidden farewell te the culture and material comfort of his past life, he walks out into the cheerless street. A group of exiles, all pale and emaciated, aie thereto greet him, take him te some of their miserable lodg ings, and feverishly demand news from home. The new-comer gazes en them as one in a dream, some are melancholy mad, ethers nervously irritable, ami the remain der have evidently tried te find solace in drink. They live iu communities of twos and threes, have feed, a scanty prevision of clothes, money, and bonks in common, and consider it their sacred duty te help each ether in every emergency, without distinction of sex, rank or age. The noble by birth get sixteen shillings a month from the government for their mainte nance and commoners only ten, although many of them are married, and sent into exile with young iannlics. uaiiy a gendarme visits their lodgings, inspects the premises when and hew he pleascs,and new and then makes some mysterious en try in his note-book. Should any of their number carry a warm dinner, a pair of newly-mended beets, or a change et linen te some passing exile ledged for the mo ment in the police ward, it is just as likely as net marked against him as a crime. It is a crime te coine and see a friend off, or accompany him a little en the way. In fact should the Ispravnik feel out of sorts the effects of cards or drink he vents his bad temper en the exiles ; and us cards and drink are the favorite amusements in these drearv regions crimes are marked down j against the exiles in astonishing niini- hers, and a report of them sent regularly te the governor of the pievincc. Winter lasts eight months, a period dur ing which the surrounding country pre sents the appearance of a noiseless, life less, frozen marsh no reads, no cemmu nicatien with the outer world, no means of escape. Iu course of time almost every individual exile is attacked by nervous convulsions, followed by prolonged apathy and prostration. They begin te quarrel, and even te hate each ether. Seme of thcin contrive te forge false passports, and by a miracle, as it were, make their es cape, but the great majority of these vic tims of the Third Section either go mad, commit suicide, or die or delirium tremens. Their history, when the time comes ler it te be studied and published, will disclose a terrible tale of human suffering and ad ministerial evils and shortcomings net likely te find their equivalent in the con temporary history el any ether European ( .state j Thieves iu the I'estal Department. New Yerk Times, Ken. Mr. S. S. Hunt ly, who has already fig ured somewhat prominently, and net always creditably, as a contractor for carry ing the United States mails iu the far West, again finds his way into the newspapers. This time he has had a quarrel with his cousin and business partuer about the division of the spoils, aud having gene te law, he seeks te justify his demands upon the exchequer of the firm by a statement of' his expenditures as a lobbyist in Washington. Among ether things of the same sort, he. alleges that, he has from time te time, in order te have the prices paid for j mad service increased, found it. necessary i te buy silk dresses, watches, and ether prcs I cuts ibr the wives of heads ei'departnients and of decks. Still further, he declares ! that he has, "te keep the press quict,"bcen obliged te buy dinners for its representa tives in Washington, and that these re pasts have cost him sums varying from $10 te $50 apiece. It is a pity that se shrewd a gentleman as Mr. Iluntly could net have found better use for his money. The dresses aud watches may possibly net have been thrown away, but the dinners were certainly net placed " where they would de the most geed." It is very safe te say that Mr. Iluntly has never entertained at dinner or otherwise any of the reputable newspaper correspondents at Washington. These who may have accepted his hospi talities are doubtless of a class who could de him aud the postal ring neither geed nor harm. He should have been mere specific in his statements. Let him name the newspaper representatives, heads of de partments, clerks and congressmen who arc indebted te him for dinners,silk dresses aud geld watches. LATEST NEWS BY MAIL. Ellen Mararity. an Englishwoman, 111 years old, died in New Yerk yesterday. Stene's planing mill at Newport, Ivy., was burned te the ground at neon yester day. The less is $10,000. William Whitney, of New Albany, was killed yesterday by a train, near Scotch Farms, New Jersey. Jane Robertsen, a domestic, perished by the burning of a dwelling in Tabusintec, New Brunswick, yesterday morning. Jehn Dcamy was held in $5,000 bail, at Bosten yesterday, en the charge of drown ing Michael Kusc, last Monday night. Samuel Cunningham, a freight, con ductor, was killed by falling between two cars yestcrdry, at Chattanooga. " Abandoned at sea aud rudderless" is the report that cable brings of the British ship City of Montreal. San Francisce' beard of trade has con gratulated Admiral Amnion en the favor able outlook for the Nicaraguan canal. Cape Town dispatches te Londen say that the Basutes were repulsed at Dord recht en the 10th instant with great less. A Vienna dispatch says : " The lower house of the Rcichsrath has agreed te the proposed governmental lean of le,500,000 florins. The work of substituting steel for weed in the Niagara Falls bridge has been com pleted. Net a train was stepped during the change. Gautz & Kcmble's saw mill, at Millers burg, was burned en Wednesday night. It had just resumed operations, after hav ing been idle for some time. The dwelling of Antonie Tuckcr,colercd, in Prince Geerge county, Virginia, was burned en Wednesday, aud his two chil dren perished in the flames. Jeseph Vandcrslice, aged 75 years, of Phecnixvillc, was killed while walking en the railroad track near that place yester day. It has been agreed by the Senate com. mittee en public" buildings te replace the burned custom house at Pensacola with a $23,000 building. The Democrats of the Third congres sional district of New Hampshire yester day nominated Colonel J. B. Ilasley, of West Lebanon, te fill the vacancy caused by the death of Congressman Fan-. The house of Geerge Hammend, near Middieburg. Vermont, one of the finest farm houses in that section, was burned yesterday afternoon. Less 820,000. Lewis C. Toilette was. committed in de fault of 610,900 bail, at Wakefield, Mas sachusetts, yesterday, te answer the charge of causing the death of Rebecca Leng, by malpractice. The suit, lengpeudiug, ofWestingheuse vs. Eatnes, of Watertown, New Yerk, for alleged infringement of air brake patents, has been abandoned, Westinghouse paying the costs. While men were taking down a house at St. Henri, Quebec, yesterday, the whole structure fell upeu them. A workman named Tayler was killed, and several ethers were injured, one severely. Edward Kennedy, who killed Mrs. Nel lie Stokes in Brooklyn last week, and who pleaded guilty, withdrew his plea when called up for sentence yesterday. Iu his trial the defense will be insanity. While laborers were cutting ice en the canal at .Pert Jcrvis, New Yerk, yester day, they found the body of a man frozen fast te the under surface of the ice. A letter was found upon him addressed te "Merris O.Sullivan, Soldiers' Heme, Bath, X. Y." According te the official returns the population of Maine is 018,013. Of this number 024,084 arc males and 324.801 are females ; 590,007 are native and 38,800 are foreign born ; 040,001 arc white and 2,042 colored. Charles D. Heuse, a New Yerk veterin ary surgeon, in the New Yerk supreme court yesterday obtained a verdict of $1,000 damages against the proprietors of the Turf, Field ami Farm newspaper for hav ing called him a quack. At the annual meeting of the stockhold ers of the Chesapeake & Ohie railroad in Richmond, Va., yesterday, it was re ported that the earnings of the read for the past fiscal year, were $2,514,243, and the operating expenses $1,040,018. Olc Yaung, a Chinese laundry man at Ne. 14 North Clark street, Chicago, died by swallowing poison. He was a noted gam bler and opium cater. The cause of his suicide is said te have been financial losses incurred through indulgence iu the Ameri can game of "draw poker." The office safe of E. & A. Friedman, suspended tobacco dealers, in St. Leuis, was broken open yesterday, under orders from the sheriff, but the books and papers of the firm for this year and last could net be found. The firm's liabilities are esti mated at nearly $70,000, all in New Yerk. It is new known that three lives were lese by the fire iu the National hotel in Olean. Mrs. Osbourne, wile of the pro prietor, aud two little daughteis, aged seven and two, were unable te escape from the flames and were burned te death. It was rumored that ether bodies had been found, but the rumor was net verified Siv ImilililKrc in : 1 1 well. fliuitrnvral less , a-n.OOO. The fire started, as previously re ported, by the bursting of a lamp in the second-story of the hotel. STATE ITEMS. The Pennsylvania railroad company built eighty-four locomotives at its shops in Al Al Al toena this year. T. F. Singiscr, of Pennsylvania, has been nominated te the Senate for secretary of Idaho. Representatives Bingham and O'Neill yesterday presented te William A. Wheeler Jehn L. Lawsen, of Philadelphia, who delivered the electoral vote of Penn sylvania. It was the eighteenth state heard from. Governer Heyt has issued a proclama tion announcing the payment, cancella tion, extinguishment and filial discharge of $G2S.G70.21 of the principal of the public debt of this commonwealth during the past year. Charles Franklin, of Bellelield. Alle gheny county, about the middle of last month swallowed an ordinary soup bean, which ledged in the left lung and termin ated fatally in a convulsive tit of coughing yesterday. In Titusvillu, the residence of Jehn D. Archibald, president of the Acme oil com pany, was skinned by a sneak thief while the family were in the house. A valuable geld watch and chain belonging te Mr. r Archibald's mother, :u diamond ring and three ether rings m a front bed-room up stairs, and a $250 sealskin sacque hanging in the hallway below were taken. The latter belonged te Mrs. II. P. Chamber lain. The whole less is $700. The Christian Adcecatc thus admonishes the mayor of Pittsburgh: "Hew many unlicensed whisky dens are there in the city? Hew many houses of prostitution? Aie they net all known te his honor and the police force? Why are they net closed ? Why arc net the alleys of pollu tion purged ? The law carried out will de it, and he is the head of the municipality and sworn te execute the laws. A little mere sensitiveness upon the part of offi cials as te the inviolability, of oaths would be healthful for public virtue." Antonie Portuendo, of Philadelphia, is the son of the late Juan Francisce Portu Pertu Portu ondo, a citizen of Philadelphia, who in February, 1870, was seized and illegally put te death by the Cuban authorities at Santiage, in Cuba. At the time of his father's death the plaintiff was fifteen years old, and his uncle, Jose N. Portu Pertu Portu ondo, was appointed his guardian. In 1873. the son, through his guardian sued the Spanish government before the com mission en claims at Washington, te re cover damages for the death of his father, and en May 21, 1870, the plaintiif was awarded $00,000, which the Spanish gov ernment subsequently paid te the state department nt Washington. He paid his lawyers $9,000 of the fund, and new the ward has restrained the payment of $12, 000 mere out of the fund which he says his guardian has secretly and fraudulently assigned te Jehn E. Faunce. The Women Suffragists. In the American Women Suffrage asso ciation ycstcrday,cnceuragiug reports were, received from .seventeen state societies. Resolutions were adopted asking state legis lation granting suffrage te women in presi dential elections under the previsions of article 2, section 2 of , the federal constitu tion. A resolution was also adopted commemorating the services of Lucrctia Mett, Lydia Maria Child and Nathaniel White. The following officers were elected : President, Dr. Mary A. Themas, of Indiana ; Chairman of the Executive Committee, Lucy Stene. SPECIAL MEETING OF COUNCILS. Proposed Improvement of the' Water lie- partment. At a meeting of the water committee held last evening it was determined te re quest the presidents of councils te call a special meeting en ,Tuesday evening next te consider the water question. It is under stood that an ordinance will be intro duced at the special meeting providing for a popular vote of the citizens en a propo prepo sition te create a lean of $GO,000 te im prove the water supply of the city by the purchase of a G. 000,000 gallon pumping ap paratus, the extension of the 20-inch water main along Orange street from Lime, its present terminus, west te Charlette, aud the laying of larger mains in ether parts of the citv. Annual Inspection. The judges of our courts are te-day. making their annual inspection of the records accounts, &c, of the several county officers in the court house. LOCAL INTELLIGENCE. THE PENALTY OF GREATNESS." Senior Oration O. J. H. Swirt, '. Jfc Sit. Cel. lege. While man's physical inferiority and subordination te external powers and uni versal law is established by human science, yet there is revealed in him a potent incor poreal essence which proves him infinitely i greater than the wele world of surround ing forces. Lach individual is created with a special spiritual nature, a conscience te discern right from wrong, a will free te ace in pursuit ei ciiuer, ami certain possi bilities which he is te realize in their high est state of development. And then te'ac cemplish this, the ideal of his being, con stitutes the one grand aim and mission of his life. But through his connection with a disorganizing spiritual power, the ac tions aud impulses of man become tainted: and in his endeavor toward self-perfectieu he meets continually an oppos ing force iu his own nature and in his immediate relations. On becoming conscious of the possibilities ledged witk iu him he feels the presence of these two hostile powers ; and would he realize the ideal devolepcmcut, he must force the will te act the dictates of conscience, con tend against the opposing force, overcome it, and in this struggle pay the penalty of his inherent weakness. In endeavoring te accomplish this devepement, multiform passions arise, opposing interests and aims spring into prominence and struggle te usurp supreme control ; and the baser elements of his nature, leagued with the oppesiug hostile forces, bring en a conflict which no tongue or pen with the combined genius of ages can portray. Counter pas sions provoked, mistakes and crimes occur involving misfortunes or various kinds which often culminate in a filial catastro phe. The consequence of the actions re coil en the actor, eternal justice enters te restore the broken harmony, and the principles of right stand revealed in full glory. Illustrious characters of all ages, intro ducing new revolutions in human pursuits and human governments, have been at tended by what may be indeed heaven's own great ordinance. Through the silent, acquiescence and forbearance of the mar tyrs, the roadside meeting of the Pupil of Gamaliel mid the Babe of Bethlehem be came an actual possibility. Reformers and old church fathers, amid tyranny and des K)tism, proclaimed the only potentate, and through much tribulation heroically ad vanced the banner of the cress. The un holy deeds of princes and menarehs seek ing praiss of men mark and mar the pages of history ; and their own sad ends, volun tary or involuntary, verify the dominant power of right and conscience. Iu the rush of waters that submerged a world, and the rear of flames that laid Sodeio in ashes, the same vindictive power of a retri butive justice is manifest, only in a higher and a truer sense. On the shores strewn with dead, beside a sea which opened its gates for the escape of Israel and closed them en Egypt, burying king and bannered hosts beneath its whirling waves, Moses and Miriam sang a triumphal song. The magnificence of Babylon, its haughty wealth, its luxury, pomp and architectural splendor, arc only mere shadows of the same spirit which brought upon it an awful judgment. In the deep, decided, individuality of every oriental wonder making nation, slumbered the power that crumbled its own foundations, and sent the star of empire whirling towards the west. They rose, flourished, and fell. Mamiificcnt ruins are all that remain of their former grandeur. They paid the penalty of their greatness, passed from the world's stage of action, and new rest in the silent dust-cevcrcd tomb of oblivion. He who ventures forth en the sea of inquiry into the reasons of all divine aud human thiugs, will find that it has surging billows, cliffs and shoals, and that only through nights aud days of cloud and storm is the haven te be reached. And when he has gained a plane of thought above his fellow-creatures, he feels "the whips and scorns of time, the oppressor's wrong and proud man's contumely," and finds the seeds of ruin are sewn iu the very birth of his greatness. Actuated, by passionate ambition he glides forth into the atmo sphere of glory with a strong personality, which bears a record of the result of past actions and aids him iu determining new ones ; but "high-blown pride" carries him far beyond his height, and the air-forms that kept him aloft vanish at last, aud "weary and old with service" he sinks, and amid pangs and agonies "feels his heart new opened." " Oh, Cromwell I Cromwell I had I but served my Ged with half the zeal I served my king, He weuid net in mine age have left me naked te mine enemies !" Side by side with his higher achievements we find sorrow, trials, inward conflicts, an inner life giving pain te centcraet the joy of success, and stripped of the pomp and pride of power, we may find the individual gaunt, haggard aud half con sumed with burning anxiety. The higher thc order of genius, the rarer the talent, the mere colossal the possibilities, the mere susceptible te the tempter and the mere liable te destruction. The acute, nervous, sensitive temperament which characterizes statesmanship is attended by a mysterious fatality that often cul minates in a tragic end. Here after here, receiving retribution at the hands an of fended Deity, marks the progress of anarchy and .self-aggrandizement from the Tcutebergian Ferest te the Reman Sen ate where many mighty conquests, many glorious triumphs, circling the world's proudest conqueror, were brought "low " by Casca's stroke, and Reme began her downfall. The little germ of immortal life sewn deep in the stony heart of that magnificent and corrupt empire, against which ether tribes had broken their strength, sprang up and became the true tree of life te younger nations of Jehovah. Wc turn from contemplating the exile's gigantic powers, the vastness of his de signs, the boldness of their execution, and the slaughter-fields of his ambition, te witness his burning torture en Helena's lonely isle ; and wc find that his 'towering intellect and lefty ambition added a two fold force te the consuming pangs of disap pointment. The atmosphere saturated with the un wholesome breathings of treason that se lately enveloped our own beloved country, whispers a like sad story. With calm resolution and earnest determination when net the faintest flicker of a star could be seen penetrating the political storm-cloud, our standard bearer took up the cause of "emancipation," te sanctify our constitu tion and realize the nobler sentiments of American liberty and independence. Yeu who were living remember well the four years of desolation and ruinous destruction. And when peace began te dawn through the cannon's smoke, hew the bells rang out their merry peals, hew the wild huzzas of an overjoyed people min gled with the clear strains of national airs as martial and civic bands joined in the celebration of the coming event. And our flag " with her beautieus stripes the azure field of our country's ensign," once dis graced within the walls of Sumter, was raised, amid honor and rejoicing proudly ever a nation reclaimed from rebellion. But the very echo seemed the mean of dispair. The bells groaned forth the sorrowful knell of mourning, the sembre drapery of grief bedecked public and private halls, one deep and impenetrable gloom settled thick and fast upon all loyal-hearts of a sad and weeping country for he who led it through intestine troubles, aud taught the people the divinity of its birthright, equally illustrious with any name carved en the walls of Westminster, lay stiffened in the cold grasp of death by the rneiciltss hand of an assassin. And as the cloud rolled ever each heart, victory seemed of trivial value, triumph empty, and success but a mocking phantom. There is always a danger or fatality at tending greatness which often involves mere than a siugle individual. Yet he who sits iu sweet humility at the feet of Jesus and listens in reverential awe te the story of the Cress, is the truly great, and his trials and sorrows of this world will eventually blend into an internal peace. Ah, yes. through all this chaotic ruin, through this transient world swathed in the records of its own past glory, speaking te us through all things visible and invisi ble, comes the jlad tidings ' peace, geed will toward man." Never did angels leave the gates of heaven se fast behind them, pass Mm and stars in their down ward flight en such rapid wing, as wheu they hasted te catth with the "glad tid ing of ivat joy." The eighteen hundred years are but a link in the far-reaching past burying the lest history of illustrious lives in the dark sea of forget fulness. And sphinx seeming te hide beneath mute lips answer te riddle never solved, crumbles in the diiAt ; ml in eue harmonious blending, one fealful warning, all history and all nature speak of the " Divinity that shapes our ends." J II : STl' DENTS STUDENT The New College Journal. The January number of the Celleyc Stu dent, a new paper just established at Frank lin & Marshall college, is te make its ap pearance this evening and will be ready for general circulation te-morrow and for can vassing for subscriptions by the cellege boys during their approaching Christmas vacation. The Student is published under the joint apices of the two societies and all its business aud editorial inaugcmeut is delegated te a committee of six, equally divided be tween the three higher class aud between the two literary societies. Messrs. E. L. Kemp and F. E. Bucher, of the senior class, arc cditers-iu-ehief ; Mr. W. II. Kauch, local editor ; iur. I'erteriieiu, per sonal editor : Mr. Baiimau, business man ager, and Mr. Staid, assistant business manager. This efficient organization has brought out a highly creditable paper, containing sixteen pages of closely printed reading matter with an advertising supplement of fourndditieu.il pages. The Stadent aims te faithfully represent the inner life of the college, te bring the institution te public attention and keep them fixed therein, aud te bind the interest of the alunmi te their alma mater. In the elaboration of this plan the present initial issue has well written aud timely contributions from several members of the faculty justifying and eueeiiragiug its publi catien : original literary articles, poetical t laudations, and reminiscences of college life indicating the classical culture of the institution. The editorial aud local departments are crisp, comprehensive and carefully edited. The alumni department. is remarkably complete in its budget of personal information, and what little re mains of the Students space for selected matter is occupied with literary and edu cational items befitting a journal of this high class. MAN'S INHUMANITY. Dying Mimi Committed te .Jail. Complaint is inadu that certain commit ting magistrates send tejail prisoners who are net only i-.crieu.sly ill aud require care ful hospital nursing, but some who are ac tually in a dying condition. An old man named Lawrence Dasher, 70 years of age, w.is picked up in a dying condition, and committed by a ' country magistrate as a vagrant. When taken te the j.id he was utterly unable te walk and had te be carried, te "Uunnners' Hall " by the eunstablu who had him in charge. As seen as Keeper Weise ascer tained the old man's condition, he had him removed from " Rummers' Hall " te the prison hospital where he was given medical attendance ant! made as comfort able as possible, but he was actually in a dying condition when committed te jail, anddealh seen relieved him from his suffer ings. Anether case is mentioned iu which a prisoner was found in an insensible con dition in I'ummer.-' Hall, and died seen after of congestion of the brain having fallen or been struck en the head before his commitment, aud being almost insen sible when committed. Anether ca-c is mentioned iu which a man sufleriiig from delirium occasioned by typhoid fever was committed ter ' disor derly conduct." He was thrown into "Bummjis Hall" and would probably have died there had net the keeper dis covered his condition and had him re moved te the prison hospital for treat ment, where under careful nursing he is recovering from his illness. When a prisoner is committed for vagrancy, disorderly conduct or similar offences, it, is no part of the kcepei's duty te examine into the condition of their health : it is taken for gran.cd that no magisfr.tte would commit te jail a dying man or one palpably in need of medical attendance; and yet we are assured that it is no uncommon thing for them te de se. Whenever a prisoner is known te be sick, he is properly cared for iu the prison hospital, but the conveniences there are net sufficient te accommodate a great many patients. When vagrants or disor diser derlies Im-ceuic sick the usual course is that the prison solicitor takes them before the court en a writ of habeas corpus with a view te their discharge from prison-, se that they may tic admitted te the county hospital. This, of course, cannot be done with prisoners who have been sentenced by the court te a specified term of impris onment. Our present object is te call at tention te the fact that iu net a few cases sick men are arrested and committed te jail as diserderlies or vagrants and thrust into Bttmn.c s' Hall, when of right they should be receiving careful nursing and medical attendance. Let careless magis trates and constables make a note of it. TDK FIREMEN, Their Convention at Heading. The state convention of firemen met last evening in the Grand opera house, Read ing. The delegates present from this city were : Sun. Jacob Gable ; Empire, A. S. Edwaids : American, J. K. Barr ; Humane, Walter M. Franklin ; Shiftier, P. S. Good Geed man ; Washington, James II. Marshall. One hundred and thirty-one delegates were present at the organization. Speeches were made by Mayer Tyson and Jehn FIcmming, president of the Firemen's Union of Reading, and were re sponded te by Wm. J. Ferdncy, chief of the fire department of this city. A. M. Rhoads, of the Empire hook and ladder company of Carlisle, was elected temporary chairman, aud Henry A. Dcrr, of Norristown, permanent chairman. Among tlie nominations for vice presi dents wa James II. Marshall, of this city. II. F. Ferbtr, of Scnmten, and Jcrc Carl, of Yerk, were chosen. The president appointed a committee of seven te fi-ame a constitution and by-laws. Alderman J. K. Barr of this city is a mem ber of that committee. The convention adjourned te met at 11 o'clock this morning. D.'ctl of Scarlet Fever. Margie Glever Jenkins, daughter of William II. Jenkins, esq., of Camden, and grand-daughter of Themas Baumgardner, of this city, aged 18 months, died en Wed nesday, of scarlet fever. The ether chil dren are also ill of the same disease.